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HEB. I. 8.
But unto the Son, he saith, Thy Throne, O God,
is forever and ever.
In the all-important argument which occupies this epistle, Paul assumes, what the believing Hebrews had already professed, that Jesus of Nazareth is the true Messiah. To prepare them for the consequences of their own principle ; a principle involving nothing less than the abolition of their law, the subversion of their state, the ruin of their city, the final extinction of their carnal hopes, he leads them to the doctrine of their Redeemer's person in order to explain the nature of his offices, to evince the value of his spiritual salvation, and to show, in both, tlie accomplishment of their economy which was now ready to vanish away. Under no apprehension of betraying the unwary into idolatrous homage, by giving to the Lord Jesus greater glory than
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is due unto his name, the apostle sets out with ascribing to him excellence and attributes which belong to no creature. Creatures of most elevated rank are introduced; but it is to display, by contrast, the pre-eminence of Him who is the brightness of the Father's glory, and the express image of his person. Angels are great in might and in dignity ; but unto them hath he not put in subjection the world to come. Unto which of them said he, at auy time, Thou art my son ? To which of them, Sit thou at my right hand ? He saith, they are spirits, ministering spirits, sent forth to minister unto them who are the heirs of salvation. But unto the Son, in a style which annihilates competition and comparison, unto the Son he saith, thy throne, O God, is forever and ever.
Brethren, if the majesty of Jesus is the subject which the Holy Ghost selected for the encouragement and consolation of his people, when he was shaking the earth and the heavens, and diffusing his gospel among the nations; can it be otherwise than suitable and precious to us on this occasion ? Shall it not expand our views, and warm our hearts, and nerve our arm, in our efforts to exalt his fame? Let me implore, then, the aid of your prayers; but far more importunately the aids of his own Spirit, while I speak of the things which concern
the King : those great things contained in the text—his personal glory_his sovereign rule.
I. His personal glory shines forth in the name by which he is revealed ; a name above every name, THY throne-0 God!
To the single eye nothing can be more evident, in the
First place, than that the Holy Ghost here asserts the essential deity of our Lord Jesus Christ. Of his enemies, whom he will make his footstool, some have, indeed, controverted this position, and endeavored to blot out the text from the catalogue of his witnesses. Instead of thy throne, O God, they would compel us by a perversion of phraseology, of figure, and of sense, to read, “God is thy throne;" converting the great and dreadful God into a symbol of authority in one of his own creatures. The scriptures, it seems, may utter contradictions or impiety, but the divinity of the Son they shall not attest. The crown, however, which “ flourishes on his head,” is not to be torn away; nor the anchor of our hope to be wrested from us, by the rude hand of licentious criticism.
I cannot find, in the lively oracles, a single distinctive mark of deity which is not applied, without reserve or limitation, to the only begotten Son. All things whatsoever the Father
hath, are his. Who is that mysterious WORD, that was in the BEGINNING, with God? Who is the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, the first and the last, the Almighty? Who is he that knows what is in man, because he searches the deep and dark recesses of the heart? Who is the Omnipresent, that has promised, Wherever two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them ? the light of whose countenance is, at the same moment, the joy of heaven and the salvation of earth ?. who is encircled by the seraphim on high, and walks in the midst of the golden candlesticks ? who is in this assembly? in all the assemblies of his people ? in every worshiping family? in every closet of prayer ? in every holy heart? Whose hands have stretched out the heavens and laid the foundations of the earth ? Who hath replenished them with inhabitants, and garnished them with beauty, having created all things that are in both, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers ? By whom do all things consist? Who is the Governor among the nation's, having on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KinG OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS? Whom is it the Father's will that all men should honor even as they honor himself? Whom has he commanded his-angels to worship? whom to