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tion, stones lying at the bottom of a pond appear nigh the l to the laws of His Divine Providence ; of which this is one, surface of the water.

that a man must see hiinself therein, desire to depart, and Phil. Trans. of R. S. vol. i. p. 637. endeavour of himself to do so. This a man can do while in

the world, but not after death : he then abides to all eternity in the society, which he had introduced himself into, while

in the world. This is the reason why a man ought to exa1347. [Acts x. 11-16.] Sailing along the coast of Tar

mine himself, to see and acknowledge his sins, to repent of tary, June 16th, 1787, at fuur in the evening, we discovered, says J. F. G. DE LA PEROUSE, the continent, which ex

them, and then to persevere to his life's end.

SWEDENBORG's Div. Prov. n. 278. tended from west by south to north by east; and very soon after, to the south, an extensive land, running west towards Tartary, so as not to leave an opening of 15 degrees between

1350. [Matt. xxiv. 35.] In the Intermediate State, earthly it and the continent. We distinguished the mountains, the vallies, and all the particulars of the land ; and could not

objects are imaged upwards in the different spheres arising conceive how we had entered into this strait, which could be

from our terraqueous globe; whilst all the sacred buildings,

cities, plantations, &c., that have been executed according to no other than that of Tessoy, the search after which we had given up. In this situation I thought it adviseable to haul our

the divine directions given in Scripture, still remain permawind, and steer south-south-east. But soon these hills and

nently fixed in the four concentric spheres of the Sun of Righvalhes disappeared. The most extraordinary foy-bank I had

teousness which correspond with the spiritual spheres around ever beheld was the cause of our illusion. We saw it disperse;

our earth. Now, as our earth in its revolution from west to

east, is continually removing with all its spiritual appearances its shapes, its colors, ascended, and vanished in the region of

in its imagery heavens, it may with strict propriety be said the clouds ; and we had still day-light enough left to remove

in this case, as also when earthly objects perish, that heaven every doubt about the existence of this fantastie land. I

and earth do really pass away. But, as the objects taken sailed all night over the space of sea it had appeared to oc

up into the Angelic Heavens apparently come down to the cupy, and at day-break nothing of it was visible, though our horizon was so extensive, that we distinctly saw the coast of

extremities of the solar spheres thence, and are thus perma.

nently Axed over the revolving earth, those heavenly ideas, Tartary upwards of fifteen leagues distant. Voyage round the World, vol. ii. p. 7.

images, or words “shall not pass away.”

See Heb. xi. 10.-Rev. xxi. 2.

1348. [Rev. xvii. 8.] On Wednesday July 26th, 1797, 1351. [Jer. i. 11, 13.] From Jer. i. 11, 13. and other WILLIAM LATHAM Esg. being informed that the Coast of

passages of sacred Writ, it should seem that, in the spiri. France might plainly be distinguished froin the Sea-side at

tual world, the things which exist around angels and spi. Hastings by the naked eye, went down from his house there

rits according to their affections and thoughts, represent a immediately to the shore, and was surprised to find that, even

kind of universe. The Prophets testify that, in that world, without the assistance of a Telescope, he could very plainly

there appear lands, mountains, hills, vallies, plains, fields, see the cliffs on the opposite coast; which, at the nearest

lakes, rivers, fountains, as in the natural world; consequently part, are between 40 and 50 miles distant, and are not dis

all things of the mineral kingdom. That there appear alse para. ceruible, froin that low situation, by the aid of the best

dises, gardens, groves, woods, in which are trees and shrubs glasses. —He then went upon the Eastern Cliff, which is of

of all kinds with fruits and seeds; also plants, flowers, herbs a considerable height, from whence he could at once see

aud grasses : consequently all things of the vegetable kingDover Cliffs, and the French Cuast, all along from 'alais,

dom. That there appear, in short, animals, birds and fishes Boulogne, &c. to St. Vallery ; aud as far to the westward

of all kinds ; consequently all things of the animal kingdom. evel as D eppe. By the Telescope, the French fishing-boats

Such things appear to the life and exist around an angel, and were plainly to be seen at Anchor; and the different colors of

around angelic societies, as things produced or created from the land upon the heights, together with the buildinys, were

them. Tbey remain also around those that produce them; and perfectly discernible. This curious phenomenon continued

do not recede, except when the producing angel, or society, in the highest splendor (though a black cloud totally obscured

departs to some other place. They then disappear. Also the face of the sun for some time) froin about 5 till past

when other angels succeed in their place, the appearance of 8 o'clock in the afternoon, when it gradually vanished. —

things around where they had been is changed: the paradises He learnt that the same phenomenon bad been equally visible

are changed as to their trees and fruits; the gardens are at Winchelsea, and other places along the coast.

changed as to their roses and seeds ; also the fields, as to their herbs and grasses ; and the kinds of animals and birds

are changed likewise. The reason why such things so esist, 1349. [Heb. xii. 22, 23.] Every man, with respect to and are so changed, is, becalise they are correspondent exhibi. his spirit, is in some association; in a celestial one, if he be tions and representative images of the affectious and thoughts in the affection of what is good ; in an infernal one, if he bell of spiritual beings, irradiated and displayed under the crea. in the concupiscence of what is evil. From an afernal asso Il tive influence of the Divine Glory. ciation he cannot be extricated, by the Lord, but accordivg |

See SWEDENBORG's Divine Lode, nn. 321, 322. . 1352. (1 Cor. xiii. 12.] In the spiritual world are exhibited } 1357. [2 Pet. iii, 10, 12.] On Henit Cominon, about the essential images of all things in the animal, vegetable l three miles from York, my attentio), says N. Pigotr, Esq. and mineral kingdoms. Amidst such appearances there is an (F. R. S.) was attracted towards the W.N.W. by some lumina augel, who sees them around him, and knows that they are ous matter in motion, which, collecting together from several representations of himself. When also the inmost of his in- \ directions, and immediately taking fire, presented itself under telleet is opened, he sees his image and knows himself in the form of a ball, of so vivid a brightness, that the whole them, even as in a glass.

horizon was illuminated, so that the smallest object might Ibid. n. 63. have been seen on the ground. ---Nine or ten minutes after

its dissipation, I heard a noise, much resembling the report

of a cannon at a very great distance. -Supposing sound to THE JUDGMENT.

move 1106 feet in one second of time, I calculate its perpen

dicular altitude above the earth's surface to liave been about Rev. xx. 12.] And the dead were judged, out of those | 40 miles. things which were written in the books, according to their

Phil. Trans. Abridg. vol. xv. p. 620. works.

If the aspect of the earth be horrible in polar climates, 1353. [Ezek. xviii. 14-17.] No one ever suffers punish- the sky affords the most beautiful spectacle. As soon as the ment in the other life, on account of hereditary evil; be- nights grow dark, fires of a thousand colors, and a thousand cause it is not his, consequently he is not blameable for it:

various shapes lighten the sky. Sometimes they begin by but he suffers punishinent on account of actual evil, which |

fornuing a large scarf of clear and moving light, whose exis his own ; consequently in proportion as, by actual life, he

tremities reach to the horizon, and which rapidly traverses the has appropriated to himself the hereditary evil.

heavens with a motion resembling the cast of a fisherman's SWEDENBORG's drcana, n. 2308. net, preserving in this motion very perceptibly a direction

perpendicular to the meridian. Most frequently after these

preludes, all the lights unite towards the zenith where they 1354. [John iii. 19.] God's sentence of condemnation, is form the head of a kind of crown. To describe all the only a leaving them that are lost, in such a misery of their

figures which these lights assume, and all the motions they oun nature, as has finally rejected all that was possible to make, would be an endless task. Their most ordinary morelieve it.

tion is one which inakes them resemble curtains flying in the John v. 40.

Law's Appeal, p. 89. air; and by the shades of colors which they assume, one

would take them to be of those taffeties wbich are called

flame-coloured; sometimes they carpet part of the heavens 1355. (I Cor. xiii. 5.] Evil enters into the will by being with scarlet. - On the night between the first and the second detained in the thought, by consent, especially by act and of September, 1767, from ten in the evening until oue in the the delight thence derived. When a man thus appropriates to morning, the heavens were on fire throughout the, arctic himself evil, he procures to himself a sphere of that evil; hemisphere ; the night was as brilliant as the day : I read a which sphere is that to which spirits from hell adjoin them

letter, says M. DE KERGUELEN TREMAREC, at midnight as selves, who are in the sphere of a like evil; for like is con casily as I could have done at noou. We first of all saw, remarks joined to like.

this intelligent observer, a luminous cloud in the form of an See SWEDENBORG's Arcana, nn. 6207, 6206. arch, which occupied half the firmanent. From this, about

eleven o'clock, rose columos perpendicular to the horizon,

and alternately white and red. The upper part of these coTHE DESTRUCTION OF THE WORLD.

lumns towards midnight changed into sheaves of a flame

color, from the centre of which arrows of light issued into 1356. [2 Pet. iij. 10.] The day of the LORD will come the air like rockets ; at length after midnight, these columns, as a thief in the night ; in the which the heavens shall which were arranged with such admirable symmetry, were pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt confounded all at once in a brilliant chaos of cones, pyramids, with fervent heat, an earth also, and the works that are radii, sheaves, and globes of fire. This celestial appearance therein, shall be burnt up.

disappeared gradually ; but the air was full of light even till “Whether (this be spoken of) the whole day. ---Phenomena of this description have been seen in all world, or our great vortex only, I dispute not,” says the ages and countries; but what are their origin? Why are they Ilonourable Robert BOYLE (in his Considerations about observed towards the north ? As every one is allowed to have the Reconcileubleness of Reason and Religion, p. 88).- his own system, I shall hazard a conjecture on the probable The probable opinion of the Cartesians is, that the earth and cause fof the aurora borealis, called so from its luminousness divers other mundane globes, as the planets, are turned about resembling that of dawn, although more commonly known by their own axes by the motion of the respective ethereal vor- || the name of the northern lights, on account of their being tices or whirlpools, in which they swim.

seen in the north. lmo, I imagine the matter of the aurora Boyle, on the High Veneration Man's borealis to be the same as that of lightning or electricity. Intellect owes tu God, p. 20.

2do, That the diurnal motion of the earth occasions a continual Aux of this matter towards the poles; which makes | common fire, are only different effects of the same causo these meteors most visible in their neighbouring regions. differently acted upon, disposed, modified and circumstanced. 3rio, Tiiat a certain density, temper, and particular constitu These aurora borealis are greatly useful to the inhabitants tion of air be requisite to canse the igneous particles to ap of the polar regions; it seems as if nature were desirous by · proach, leap together, and compress so as by their fermen them to make amends for the absence of the sun, and the tation to produce those sheaves, rockets, and luminous co- | privation of his beams. lumns which are peculiar to the aurora borealis. 410, That

PINKERTON's Coll. of Voy. and Trav. all the rapid inovennents, the lateral divergences, the sudden

dol. i. pp. 246, 785, &c. appearance of columns, &c., result from their mutual attraction and repulsion, a natural property of electric fire, as is proved by the alternate attraction and repalsion of gold leaves 1358.

Light occasions the rapid combustione and light bodies by electrical globes. 5to, That if this meteor of hydrogen in oxymuriatic acid gas. The more powerful appear but rarely, it is because the air possesses seldorn the the light, the more rapid is the diminution of the mixture. requisite density, or is properly constituted to produce it. - But if, in experiments, the hand, or any opaque body, be inThe most celebrated philosophers have long maintained an terposed to cut off the solar light, the diminution is instantly opinion that the element of fire is dispersed throughout suspended. — The effect of light is nearly the same on mixexistence, and that solid and Auid bodies are abundantly tures of this gas with carburetted hydrogen and carbonic impregnated with igneous particles. I conceive that the oxyde. - If hydrogen and oxymuriatic acid be mixed in a ether of Newton, the elementary fire of Boerhaave, aud elec- strong phial, and the mixture exposed to the solar rays, an tric fre, are the same substauce, whose different effects vary explosion almost instantly takes place with a loud report (or in proportion to the impulse, agitation, direction, strength great no.se'). and quantity of the assembled matter; hence the action of

Dalton's Chem. Phil. part ii. p. 301. the sun on this substance produces the double advantage of light and heat. Thus the attrition of a globe of glass re-unites a certain quantity of it, which managed and directed 1359. (2 Pet. iii. 11, 12.] It is somewhat remarkable that with art, produces the various phenomena of electricity. those gases which are known to combine occasionally, as Thus the sudden and violent collision of two hard bodies azote and oxygen, and those which are never known to comelicits sparks, and the continual friction of two bodies of bine, as hydrogen and carbonic acid, should dissolve one whatever description they be, excites and originates elemen. ||

| another with equal facility; nay, these last exercise this tary fire in sufficieut quantity to inflame and consume any solvent power with more effect than the former ; for, hydrogen combustible watter exposed to its action. When a great can draw up carbonic acid from the bottom to the top of any quantity of particles of fire is accumulated in condensed vessel, not withstanding the latter is 20 times the specifie clouds which compress and drive them together, the particles gravity of the former. of fire then striking the one against the other, infame,

Ibid. part i. p. 179. sparkle, kindle into a blaze, and burst with explosion the prison which incloses them. Hence the flash of lightning and the thunder-clap; and if the lightning be seen before I 1360. (2 Pet. iii. 10.] The earth, ir stretching forth its the thunder be heard, it is because the vibrations which ex-l sphere, necessarily exhibits itself and every object that covers pand from the igneous matter are more rapid of flight than it, at the extremity of every degree in its atmosphere. Conthe undulations of the air which bring us the sound. — When sequently in the judgment, when the Light of God preys upon clouds have less density; when they pass over space more or consumes the spheres of the wicked as the light of the lightly and more freely; when they contain only a small sun also destroys correspondent gases, the appearance then is quantity of the particles of fire, then, should they unite and that the earth, its works, and all that do wickedly, are burned clash together, they kindle into flame without explosion ; ll up as stubble. See Mal. iv. 1. they produce that silent lightning, and those falling stars which shine and disappear. When the atmosphere is not too much overspread with clouds, and those have no more than | 1361. [2 Pet. i. 19.) This sure word of prophecy, resthe density requisite for sustaining and leading ou the parti. pecting the coming of Christ to judgment, is delivered by cles of fire ju their sphere of mutual attraction, without keep our Lord Himself in Mati. xvi. 28, John xxj. 22; where it ing them in, without beaping or pressing them, then no ex is positively declared, that the disciple whom Jesus loved plosion succeeds; but the particles of fire inflame in the open should survive the great event when the Son of map should air, and according to the different figures, though different come in the glory of his father to reward every man accordconsistence of the inflammable matter, and the different re- ing to his works. “See the accomplishment, Rev. i. 9--18. fractions of light, those globes, pyramids, radii, sneaves, and # See No. 963. columas differently coloured of the aurora borealis are seen. The identity of the essence of lightning and that of electricity, which has lately been discovered, and whose respec- 1362. [Matt. xvi. 28.] The Book of Revelation openg tive effects are very various, greatly supports the hypothesis, with deciaring Jesus Christ's appearance to John, comthat the light of the sun, of lightning, electric phenomena, li mauding him to write what he (actually) saw : and he

accordingly thus describes the fulfilment of our Lord's il ered up the dead which were in them : and they were judged prediction in Matt. xxiv. 29, 30, 34, 40, 41: "I every man according to his works. And,” mark the awful BEHELD (says he), and lo! the sun became black as sack consequence! “Death and Hades were cast into the lake of cloth of hair, the moon became as blood ; and the stars fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not of heaven fell to the earth.” “And I looked, and behold a found written in the Book of Life", the Lamb's Book of Life, white cloud, and upon the cloud sat one like the son of man,” “ was cast into the lake of fire." Rev. xx. 12, &c. &c. Rev. vi. 12, 13; xiv. 14. ---"And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God: and the books were opened ; 0! that men were wise, that they even understood this; and another book was opened, which is the Book of Life : and —their latter end in this world, and the uncertainty of it; the dead werE judged out of those things which were written the resurrection to another world, and then, the final judgment, in the books, according to their works. And the sea gave either to everlasting punishment, or to the life eternal, up the dead which were in it; and Death and Hades deliv. I through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

END OF PART FIRST.

Printed by Joseph Pratt, at the Academy Press,

SALFORD, MANCHESTER.

IN

Science and Religion:

DESIGNED TO ILLUSTRATE

NEW TRANSLATION OF THE BIBLE.

BY THE REV. WILLIAM COWHERD,

LATE MINISTER OF CHRIST CHURCH, SALFORD.

A POSTHUMOUS WORK.

PRINTED BY R. BARNES, AT THE ACADEMY PRESS,
SALFORD, MANCHESTER.

1820.

Entered at Stationers' ball.

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