Sidor som bilder

eyes, bebind a tree : if she can but lose sight of her enemy, il the least distant noise or trivial occasion, she will seek her she appears to imagine herself out of danger.

own preservation, though she neglect that of her offspring. Nat. Delin. vol. i. p. 185. In consequence of this timidity, the Arabs often meet a few

of her little ones, no bigger than well grown pullets, half starved ; straggling and moaning about, like so many dis

tressed orphans, for their mother. 3596. [Job xxxix. 13.)

The wing of the ostrich expands quivering,
The very feathers and plumage of the stork.

Dr. Shaw.
When the ostrich is full grown, the neck, particularly of the

3597. [Job xxxix. '16. Without fear] The ostrich is male, which before was almost naked, is vow very beautifully

naturally a timorous bird, yet she is devoid of that high covered with red feathers. The plumage also on the shoul

degree of provident fear, which females generally shew ders, the back, and some parts of the wings, from being

in the care and nurture of their young. hitherto of a dark grayish color, becoines now as black as

BOCHART. jet; whilst the rest of the feathers retain an exquisite whiteness. His body is thus clothed with such black and white She labours in vain] The strength and size of this feathers as cover the stork. But his belly, thighs and camel-bird has suggested to men the experiment of using breast, partake not of this covering ; being usually naked, and ostriches as animals of burden. The tyraut Firinius, who when louched, are of the same warmth as the flesh of qua Teigued in Egypt about the close of the third century, was drupeds.

frequently carried by large ostriches. Moore, an English

Ibid. traveller relates, that he had seen at Joar, in Africa, a inan - Verse 14.) Which deposits her eggs in the earth,

travelling on an ostrich. And Vallismieri speaks of a And warms them in the sand.

young man, who exhibited himself on one of these birds at Ibid. || Venice.

Buffon. The ostrich lays very large eggs, some of them being above five inches in diameter, and weighing above fifteen pounds. The first egg is deposited near the centre; the rest are planted, as conveniently as possible, round about it.

3598. [ 18.] In this manner she lays from thirty to fisty eggs in a season,

When she raises herself up to run away, and about twelve at one clutch. Yet notwithstanding the

She laughs at the horse and the rider. ample provision which is hereby made for a nuinerous off

Shaw. spring, scarce one quarter of these eggs are ever supposed to be hatched : in these barren and desolate recesses where the

The medium weight of the ostrich may be estimated at 75 ostrich chooses to make her nest, it would not be enough to

| or 80 pounds; a weight which would require an immense lay eggs and hatch them, unless some proper food were near

power of wing to elevate it into the atmosphere; and hence

all those of the feathered kind which approach to the size of at hand, aud already prepared for their pourishment; and accordingly, we find, the greatest part of the outside eggs

this bird, such as the touyon, the cassowary, the dodo, neither are reserved for food : these the dam breaks and disposes of,

possess, nor can possess, the faculty of flight. lu running according to the number and craving of her young ones. It

however, the ostrich can easily outstrip the fleetest horse : has indeed been reported that the female, depositing her eggs

his wings, like two arms, keep working with a motion corin the sand and covering them up, leaves them to be hatched

respondent to that of his legs; and his speed would very

soon snatch him from the view of his pursuers, but unfortuby the heat of the climate, and then permits the young to shift for themselves. The truth is, a constant incubation

wately for the silly creature, instead of going off in a direct

live, he takes his course in circles ; while the hunters, being unnecessary in those sultry regions, she frequently

taking advantage of this, meet him at unexpected turns, and leaves her eggs by day, but always carefully broods over

relieving each other, keep him thus still employed, still folthem by night. Yet no bird watches her eggs with greater

lowed for two or three days together. At last, spent with assiduity, nor has a stronger affection and care for her young ones, particularly whilst they are for several days

fatigue and fainine, and finding all power of escape impossible,

he endeavours to hide himself from those enemies he cannot after they are hatched, unable to walk. During this time the old ones are very attentive in supplying them with grass,

avoid, and covers his head in the sand, or the first thicket he

meets. Sometimes however, he attempts to face his pursuers : and very careful in defending them from danger : nay in their protection, they themselves will often encounter every

and, though in general the most gentle animal in vature, when

driven to desperation, he defends himself with his beak, his danger.

wings, and his feet. Whilst engaged in these combats, be BUFFON, Shaw and others.

sometimes makes a fierce, angry, hissing noise, with his throat - Verse 16.] The ostrich, though not destitute of natural inflated, and his mouth open; at other times, when less affection, is yet so timorous and fearful of danger, that on resistance is made, he has a chuckling or cackling noise, as


in the poultry kind ; and thereby seems to rejoice and laugh, 1 3602. [Job xl. 15.] The largest elephants are from ten As it were, at the timorousness of his adversary.

to eleven feet in height, some are said to exceed it; the BUFFON and Shaw. average is eight or nine feet. They are fifty or sixty years

before they arrive at their full growth; the female goes with young eighteen months, and seldom produces more than one

at a birth, which she suckles until it is five years old : its 3599. [Job xxxix. 19.) The country round Damascus where natural life is about one hundred and twenty years. Its skin Job dwelt, or rather all Arabia, at this period, was still

is generally a dark gray, sometimes almost black. It is destitute of horses.

said they can travel, on an emergency, two hundred miles Smith's Michaelis, vol. ii. p. 450. in forty-eight hours ; but will hold out for a month, at the

the rate of 40 or 50 miles a-day, with cheerfulness and alacrity.

FORBES' Oriental Memoirs. 3600. [- 29.] The reason why the eagle is able to face the sun, and endure its brightest rays, is because it has two sets of eye-lids, the one thick and close, the other (the Nictitating Membrane) thinner and finer, which last it draws over the eye when it views that luminous body.

3603. [- 15, 23.] To keep the Elephant in full vi.

(Smith's Wonders of Nature and Art, vol. ji. p. 36, note.) — Might

gour, he is said to require daily a hundred pounds weight of not this niclitating membrane, which is found also in some

rice, raw or boiled, besides fresh herbage to cool him ; for other birds, fishes, &c. be usefully dried on those telescopic

he is subject to be over-heated, and must be led to the water glasses, through which we view the sun ?

twice or thrice a-day for the purpose of bathing. He sucks up water in his trunk, carries it to his mouth, drinks part of it, and, by elevating his trunk, allows the remainder to run over every part of his body. His daily consumption of water, for drink, has been calculated at forty-five gallons.

BINGLEY's Anim. Biog. 'vol. i. p. 151.

A young Rhinoceros, brought from the East Indies to 3601. (Job xl. 15 - 24. Behold behemoth] Bochart | England (that died before he had attained his third year), contends that this animal is the hippopotamus or river-horse, was fed chiefly on hay and oats, also potatoes, and other which the antient Greek writers describe as an amphibious fresh vegetables ; his consumption of which was prodigious, quadruped, found in the Nile, and which is sometimes to be exceeding that of two or three working horses. met with in Upper Egypt.

Phil. Trans. 1801, p. 145. Vol. iji. p. 754. See also Scheuchzer's Physica

Sacra on Job, and Dr. Shaw's Travels, p. 246. This animal, says Buffon, is seldom to be met with but in the rivers of Africa : his usual voice resembles the neighing of a horse ; his length is about six feet nine inches from the extremity of the muzzle to the beginning of the tail; he is fifteen feet in circumference, and six feet and a half in

3604. [Job xli. 1.) Thus it seems, in Job's time, it was height: he is naturally gentle, but extremely heavy and

known, that the Crocodile possessed the art of destroying uuwieldy in his motions whether he walks under water or

the hooks and other utensils of fishermen. in the open air; his body is so capacious and buoyant, that

HASSELQUIST, Trap, p. 216. he swims quicker than he runs: when he quits the water to graze, be eats sugar-canes, rushes, millet, rice, roots, &c., of which he consumes a great quantity, and does much injury to the cultivated field : when attacked on the land, 3605. [- 8. Remember the battle.] Behold the he hastens to the water, and plunging, swims to a great Crocodile rushing forth from the flags and reeds. His enor. distance before he re-appears; but if pursued and wounded, mous body swells. His plaited tail brandished high, floats he faces about with great fury, rushes against the boats, upon the lake. The waters like a cataract descend from his and seizing them with his tremeudous tusks, tears pieces opening jaws. Clouds of smoke issue from his dilated nosout of them, and not unfrequently sinks them to the bottom. trils. The earth trembles with his thunder. When lo ! a He comes out of the water in an evening to sleep; and when rival champion emerges froin the deep. They suddenly dart he returns, he walks very deliberately over head, pursuing his ou each other. course along the bottom as easy and unconcerned as if he were The boiling surface of the lake marks their rapid course, in the open air : this, where the water over him is clear and ll and a terrific conflict commerces. deep, affords a most astonishing sight.

They now sink to the bottom folded together in horrid WATSON. | wreaths. The water becomes thick and discoloured. Again they rise, their jaws clap together, re-echoing through the deep surrounding forests. Again they sink, when the contest ends at the muddy bottom of the lake, and the vanquished makes a hazardous escape, hiding himself in the muddy turbulent waters and sedge on a distant shore. The proud victor exulting, returus to the place of action. The shores and forests resound his dreadful roar, together with the triumphing shouts of the plaited tribes around, witnesses of the horrid combat.

BARTRAM's Trav. p. 116.

violet, azure, indigo and black. Each of those colors seems
to be only a strong tint of that which precedes it, and a faint
tint of that which follows: thus the whole together appear
to be only modulations of a progression, of which white is
the first term, red the middle, and black the last.
See Exod. xxv. 4. St. Pierre's Studies of Nature,

vol. ii. pp. 108, 112.

3606. [Job xli: 18.] Between the Tropics, where there ! 3607. [Job xlii. 10.] As no degree of distress is unreis scarcely any horizontal refraction, the solar light, as viewed 1) lievable by God's power, so no extremity of it is inconsistent in the Heavens, displays in a serene morning five primordial

with bis compassion, - no, not with his friendship. colors. In the Horizon where the Sun is just going to ex

Boyle's Seraphic Love, p. 38. hibit is disc, a dazzling white is visible; a pure yellow, at an elevation of forty-five degrees; a fire-color, in the Zenith ; a pure blue, forty-five degrees below, toward the West; and in the very West, the dark veil of night still lingering on 3608. ( 17.) On the banks of the Euphrates, at the Horizon.

the distance of half a farsang from Kuhleh, are the tombs of You there see those five colors, with their intermediate Job and his faithful wife, who attended him during all his shades, generating each other nearly in this order : White, misfortunes. -- Near to the tombs is the spring in which he sulphur-yellow, lemon-yellow, yolk-of-egg-yellow, orange, cleansed himself; the water of which is remarkably fine. aurora-color, ' poppy-red, 'falt-red, carmine-red, purple, !!

Kuoseu ABDULKURREEM, p. 122.

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3612. - There is a speech of good spirits, and of angelic spirits, composed of the speech of several speak


Instinct discovers to the animal its ing at the same time, particularly in circling companies or

necessities only, but man is raised from the dark womb choruses. It is floating with a kind of rythm, or measure.

of profound ignorance, to the knowledge and belief of a The speakers are not intent on any expression : they think

G )D. only on the sense and meaning of what is to be expressed;

– This religious character, which distinguishes him from and the expressious flow spontaneously from the sense. They

every other sensible being, belongs more properly to his close in unities, for the most part simple, but when com

heart than to his understanding. It is in him not so much pounded they then by an accent glide into a subsequent

au illumination, as a feeling. The sensations of the infinity, discourse. Such in old time was the form of Canticles ;

of the universalily, of the glory, and of the immortality with and such is the form of the Psalms of David.

which it is connected, are incessantly agitating the inhabiGentiles are capable of being initiated into choirs, conse

tants of the city, as well as those of the country. Man, feeble, quently into harmony and agreement in the space of a single

miserable, mortal, indulges himself every where in these ce. night; whereas, with many Christians, it requires a space of

lestial passions. Thither he directs, without perceiving it, thirty years to effect the same purpose. Choirs or Choruses

his hopes, his fears, his pleasures, his pains, his loves; and are such companies of spirits as speak together at the same

passes his life in pursuing or in combating these fugitive time, all as one, and each as all.

impressions of the DEJTY. SWEDENBORG, Arcana, nn. 1648, 2595.

- Nature has granted to hiin alone the knowledge of a Deity, and swarms of inhuman religions have sprung out of a sentiment so simple and so consolatory.

St. PIERRE's Studies of Nature, 3613. In the composition of several Psalms, ll.

vol. i. pp. 63, 95..

3616. [Ps. viii. 5.) Man is an amphibious creature, of a | use it seems, consists in reducing the base metals into earth middle order and nature between angels and brutes : with (Ezek. xxii. 18), by a repetition of the process of fusion. these he partakes of a corporeal soul, vital blood, and a mass Il — Another method, as more modern perhaps, is alluded to, of animal spirits ; with the former le partakes of an intelli in Jer. vi. 29. gent, immaterial, immortal spirit.

Bp. BROWNE's Procedure of the

Understanding, p. 375.

3622. (Ps. xiv. 4.] Four verses wanting : See the Prayerbook translation, also Rom. ji. 14, 15, 16, 17, 18.

3617. [- 6.] This was reversed, when the Romans had a horse for their consul.


3623. [Ps. xvi. 2.] Our best performances are as useless 3618. (Ps. ix. Title] To him who gives victory. A services to God, as the heir's bringing wax to his departing Psalm of David, performed by virgins and a youth.

father is to him ; it adds not any thing to the rich man's Probably this psalm was performed by a chorus of virgins, 1 store, and is by him desired and accepted, only to seal away to whom a youth made alternate responses.

a fortune to his son. STREET's Translation.

Boyle's Seraphic Lode, p. 87.

3624. [ 4.] Let others multiply their idols ; let them run after them; I will be so far from making them any drink or blood offerings, that I will not so much as mention their names with my lips.

Univer. Hist, vol. iii. p. 16.

the residenced city or closed within te, Jerusalem

3619. - 14. In the gates of the daughter of Zion] “In its most flourishing state, Jerusalem was divided into four parts, each enclosed within its own walls :

1. The old city of Jebus, on mount Zion, which became the residence of David and his successors, and was therefore called “ the city of David.”

2. The lower city, called “the daughter of Zion”, on which stood the two magnificent palaces which Solomon built for himself and his queen; that of the Maccabean princes; the strong citadel built by Antiochus to overlook the temple ; and the stately amphitheatre, built by Herod, capable of coutaining eighty thousand spectators.

3. The new city, which was chiefly inhabited by merchants, artificers and tradesmen ; and —

4. Mount Moriah, on which was built the famous temple of Solomon; and that erected by the Jews on their return from Babylon, and afterwards built almost anew, and sumptuously adorned by Herod the Great.”


3625. - 8.] Since the Lord was revealed to me, says E. SWEDENBORG, he continually appears before my eyes, as He appears to the angels, in the Sun of heaven.

Divine Providence, n. 135.

3626. -- The navigators of the North have always seen the elevation of the sun above the Horizon greater, the nearer they approached to the Poles.

St. Pierre's Studies of Nature,

Expla. of Plates, p. 30.


The eyes of man are turned, not towards

Heaven, as the Poets, and even some Philosophers allege, 3620. [Ps. x. 4.] The boy so long delights in his play, || but to the Horizon; so that he may view at once the Heaven the youth so long pursues his beloved, the old so long brood which illuminates, and the earth which supports biin. over melancholy thoughts, that no man meditates on the

Ibid. vol. i. p. 50. Supreme Being

I shall not be moved] Like a fir on a rock, he maintains Works of Sir W. Jones, vol. vi. || his position amidst the buffetings of the tempest.

p. 428.

3628. - In the Greatest Man, all keep their situatiou coustant, according to the quality and state of the good and true spberes in which they are. Situation in this

3621. [Ps. xii. 6.] One method of refining silver, then in

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