Sidor som bilder

half attain to the age of 9; and that two thirds are in their grave before the age of 40; about a sixth only remain at the expiration of 62 years; a tenth after 70; a bundredth párt after 86; about a thousandth part attain to the age of 96; and six or seven individuals to that of 100.

Hutton's Recreations, vol. i. p. 244.

up the horn ; Lift not up your horn on high ; speak
not with a stiff neck; Ps. Ixxv. 4, 5. The horn of the
righteous shall be exalted with honor; Ps. cxii. 9.
See Deut. xxxiii. 17.

BRUCE's Trav. vol. v.


3708 [Ps. xciv. 9 He that planted the ear, shall he not

hear? he that formed the eye, shall he not see ??] That is, 3706. [Ps. xci. 6.] As a probable cause of the Plague rat shall He that imparts a faculty or an excellence to the creaDantzick, in the year 1709, on August the llih, at noon, ture, Himself not possess it much more eminently? I first observed, says Dr. GOTTWALD, a stinking mist, like

Boyle's Seraph. Love, p. 58. a thiek cloud, but of short duration, but at 4 o'clock it returned from the north west, so very thick, that it perfectly darkened the air, and hiudertd the sight. It was neither blue bor gray, as other common mists; but of a blackish


There can be no doubt that the Telesyellow, like the vapors that rise from the effervescence of cope, with all its present improveinents, is the result of a oil of viirial with oil of tartar. Alter it had reached the most happy application of uncommon skill and ingenuitz, middle of the town towards the south east, it inclined west, contriving and combining all the various parts and movements ward, and the re emilled a violent stench. Another sign of

of that curious machine, for the excellent purpose of assistan infected air was not, as may perhaps be thought, only a ing vision. — in proportion as these inovements were graduvulgar fancy, but the careful observation of learned persons,

ally invented and applied to use, during a long series of viz. That in the month of July the crows, daws, sparrows years; when each successive discovery was brought to the and other birds, which at other times are to be seen here in utmosi exlent of its perfection, mankind then observed that the the town and about the gardens in vast numbers, were all buman Eye, in a very superior manner, enjoyed that partiAed, and none of them to be seen till November. The saine cular advantage which they had sought for so inuch art and was observed of the storks and swallows likewise; and I industry, exhibiting to view a perfect achromatic instrument can positively affirm, that I saw none of those birds all those of vision, adapting itself with surprising facility to the differ4 months.

ent brightness of its objects, and to a vast variety of disAbs. Phil. Trans. vol, vi. p. 28. tances. - As reasonable men affirm that the Telescope is an

instrument formed to assist vision, in consequence of various means duly collected, by an invisible cause in' man, which is neither eyes, ears, hands, nor bead; neither the tout ensemble of all these, nor in any respect the object of our

senses : so do they believe that the human Eye is an instruá 3707. [Ps. xcii. 10.] The derivation of the word reem,

ment inade for the use of man, by an exceedingly apt comboth in the Hebrew and in the Ethiopic, seems to be from bination of intermediate causes, wonderfully and most unacerectness, or standing straight. This is certainly no parti

countably connected together, by ove great, wise, and good cular quality in the rhinoceros itself, which is not more, or

cause; who is neither the eye itself nor any part of its meeven so much erect as inany other quadrupeds, for in its chanism, nor at all the object of our senses, but only visible knees it is rather crooked; but it is from the circuinstance to us through the beauty and wisdom of the works of crea. and manner in which its horn is placed. The horns of other tion, in the same inanner as thought and intelligence in man animals are inclined to some degree of parallelisin with the are known to us through those motions and effects daily pronose, or os frontis. The horn of the rhinoceros alone is I duced before us, which we do always suppose to result: erect and perpendicular to this bone, on which it stands at originally, from a principle in some sort resembling our own right angles, thereby possessing a greater purchase or power minds. as a lever, than any horn could possibly have in any other

Pinkerron's Coll. part xiii. p. 916. position. - An imitation of this born was really worn as an ornament by great men in the days of victory, preferment, or rejoicing, when they were anointed with new, sweet, or fresh oil, and had a large broad Gillet bound on their foreheads and tied behind their heads. In the middle of this fillet was a kern (Hebr ), a horni or conical piece of silver, gilt, about 3710. [Ps. xcvii. 2 - 6.] The planetary clonds (in the four inches lony, much in the shape of our common candle under stratum of the sun's atinosphere) are indeed a most extinguishers. As an honorary badge, this is frequently alluded effectual curtain, lo keep the brightness of the superior to in the Sacred Writings : I said to the wicked, Lift not || regions from the body of the sun. This immense curtain,

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3721. [Ps. cv. 15. All men are called Christs, who are 3714. - With people of distinction throughout || anointed with the Holy Spirit ; as the antient patriarchs the East, it is usual in the summer season, and on all occa

hefore the law, who had no other unctiou. sions when a large company is to be received, to have the

St. JEROME, in loco. court of the house, which is the middle of an open square, sheltered from the heat of the weather by an uinbrella or veil, which, being expanded on ropes from one side of the

3722. [— 23. The land of Ham] Egypt: so named parapet-wall to the other, may be folded or unfolded at

from Ham the son of Noah. It is bounded on the south by pleasure.

Sennar tribulary to the king of Ethiopia, and by the cataShaw's Travels, p. 274.

racts of the Nile; on the north by the Mediterranean sea; . on the east by the Arabian gull, or Red sea, and the

Isthinus of Suez; on the west by a region of Libya called 3715. [- 6.] The Parsi's, or Persians, consider

Marmarica. CAYU'mers as the first of men, although they believe in a

Univer. Hist. vol. i. p. 384. universal deluge before his reign.

The flux of the Nile, leioy froin south lo north, well Works of Sir W. JONES, dol. i.

represented the progress of wisdom in the Antient Church p. 90.

which was from light to darkness. That Church had its

seat and termination in Egypt. See SwedENBORG, as quoted on the Flood. — It abounds principally in rice.

To tell each horror on the deep reveald,
Would ask an iron throat with tenfold vigor steeld:
These dreadful wonders of the deep I saw,
Which fill the sailor's breast with sacred awe;
And which the sages, of their learning vain,
Esleem the phantoms of the dreamful brain. '

CAMENS' Luciad, by Mickle.

3723. [Ps. cv. 29.] I find, says Dr. Hales, that a small degree of putrefaction in water, kills fsh; hut if, in order to prevent that putrefaction, a few drops of spirit or oil of vitriol be dropped into the water, then the fish will live many days in that water.

See his Philosophical Experiments,

Pref. p. 15.

3724. [Ps. cvi. 28.] In Persia, after the interment of a corpse, when the relations of the deceased are returned home, the women of the family make a mixture of wheat, honey, and spices, which they eat in memory of the deceased, sending a part of it to their friends and acquaintance, that they also may pay him a like honor. — This custom seems to be derived from very great antiquity, as we read in Homer of sacrifices and libations being frequently made to the memory of departed souls. See Luke xxii. 19. FRANCKLIN. — Pinkerton's Coll.

vol. ix. p. 253.

3728. [Ps. cvii. 24.) Fishermen annually observe in the sea a very singular phenomenon. At the distance of four or five leagues from shore, during the mouths of July and August, it is remarked, that at the depth of six or seven fathoins from the surface, the water appears to be saturated with a thick jelly, filled with the ova of fish, which reaches ten or twelve fathoms deeper. - This gelatinous matter is supposed to supply the new-born fry with food; and to be also a protection to the spawn, as being disagreeable to the larger fish to swim in.

Herrings do not deposit their spawn in the sand, or mud, or weeds, like other fish, but leave it in the water, suspended in a gelatinous matter, of such a gravity as prevents it from floating to the surface, or sinking to the bottom. This the fishermen discover by finding the slimy matter adhering to the hay-ropes used to hold the stone that sinks the nets, the | middle part being slimed over, the top and bottom clear.

PINKERTON's Coll. part ix. p. 14.See No. 1164. . X. p. 337.

3725. [- 39.] As the moon shines not on the earth, with any other beams, than those she derives from that fountain of light, the son ; so the true preachers of the heavenly doctrine mingle not their own inventions, or human

3729. [Ps. cix. 5.] They have rewarded me evil for good, traditions, with that pore and sincere light of revelation, they land hatred for my, love; saying, “ Set thou a wicked man are employed to dispense.

over him :" &c. From the fifth to the twentieth verses the Boyle's Occasional Reflections, ' || Psalmist is quoting the language of his adversaries.

dol. iv. p. 55.

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3730. [Ps. cx. 3.] Thy troops shall be willing when thou raisest thy army in thy glorious sanctuary ; thou hast shone like the morning from thy very birth; thy youth has been covered with dew,

Essay for a New Translation,

p. 121.

3727. [ 23, 24.]

To tell the terrors of the deep untried,
What toils we suffer'd, and what storms defied;
What rattling deluges the black clouds pour'd,
What dreary weeks of solid darkness lour'd;
What mountain surges mountain surges lash’d,
What sudden hurricanes the canvas dash'd;
What bursting lightnings with incessant flare,
Kindled in one wide flame the burning air;
What roaring thunders bellow'd o'er our head,
And seem'd to sbake the reeling ocean's bed;

3731. [Ps. cxi.] At the beginning of every hemistic or half-verse, a differeut letter is inserted according to the orderly succession of the Hebrew alphabet. — The same arrangement is preserved, in the two following Psalms.

3732. (Ps. csü. 1.] When the Jews speak of singing Hallelujah, they understand by it this Psalm and those that follow to the I 18th inclusively.

Essay for a New Translation, p. 7.

3739. [Ps.cxx.] This and the fourteen Psalms following, appear to be composed on the subject of the happy ascent or return from Babylon to Jerusalem.

See Cnider. Hist. col. ix. p. 528.

3740. — A song at the Gradual.

Before the Gradual, prostrate they ador'd,
The pavement kiss'd, and Themis' aid implor'd.

Garth's OVID, b. i. I. 507,-8.

3733. [Ps. cxv. 4.) The worship of human figures, or idols, had its origin about 700 years before the birth of Christ. Prior to that epoch, Sabæist (the planetary worship) was the prevailing religion in India. For this reason no other deities occur in the most aptient Indian Writings, but the Sun and the Moon (See Josh. 1. 12); and no other offerings were presented to them, but fruits or flowers.

BARTOLOMEO, by Johnston, p. 372.

3741. [Ps. cxxiij. 2.) The Eastern ladies are waited on even at the least wink of the eye, or motion of the fingers, and that in a manner not perceptible to strangers.

De la MOTRAYE, Trav. col. i.

p. 249.

2734. [Ps. cxviii.] This finishes the Hallel, or sis Eucharistical Psalms: the first is the 113th. — These were sung by our LORD and his Disciples, at bis last Passover. See Matt. xxvi. 30. Mark xiv. 26.

3735. ( 27.] LUTHER would render this passage, adorn the feast with leades ; and others, bind on the feastday branches, as was usual on the Feast of Tabernacles, Led. xxiii. 40. The heathens used to strew their altars with green herbs and flowers, particularly vervain, - Ramis tegerem ut frondentibus aras.

Virg. Æn. iii. 25. See also Ovid de Trist I. iii. El. 13. –

BURDER, vol. ii. p. 214.

3742. (Ps. cxxvi. 5, 6.] The ingenious publisher of the Ruins of Balbeck, tells us, that in Palestine he has often seen the husbandman sowing, accompanied by an armed friend, to prevent his being robbed of the seed by the Arabs. Sarely it is much more natural to suppose these verses refer to an apprehended violence of this sort, than to imagine that they allude merely to a country inan's anxiety, who sows bis corn in a very scarce time, and is afraid of the failure of the next crop. — Though the Arabs might at first barrass the Israelites, on their return from captivity to the culture of their hereditary fields; yet the Psalmist expresses, perhaps predicts, his hope, that there would be a happy issue even of such beginnings to repeople their country.


3736. [Ps. cxix.] This Psalm, consisting of twenty-two stanzas, begios every verse of each stanza with the same letter, successively throughout the Hebrew alphabet.


18.] Niplaot (Hebr.), hidden wonders. |

3743. [Ps. cxxviii.] The solemn blessing pronounced over Boyle, on the style of the H. Scrip. ||

|| the bridegroom and bride, just before they were left to

themselves. p. 252.

3738. [- 75.] The fornace of affiiction being meant but to-refine us from our earthly drossness, and softeu us for the impression of God's own stamp and image.

Ibid. Seraphic Love, p. 95. See No. 884.

3744. [Ps. cxxix. 7. The mower] In the East, they mow not their grass to make hay, but cut it off the ground either green or withered, as they have occasion to use it. (See Frag. to CALMET, 2d Hundred, p. 176.) – It requires

four tons of new mown grass to make one ton of bay, which, ll 3749. [Ps. cxxxvii. I. We wept] Bakinou, from Beke, deprived of its virtue and goodness, becomes of too dry and | cries, in the Hebrew and Phenician languages. Hence the binding a nature for cattle, causing an intense thirst that often women who lament the death of Adonis are called mebaccoth, produces colds, the gripes, and even death itself.

bacchanalians. See Drury's Recent and Important discoveries of

Abbe Pluche's Hist. Heao. vol. i. Substitutes for Hay, p. 25. Second Edition

p. 17, note. by Longman, Hurst, & Co. London, 1813.

3750. — The French call this species of patriotic regret, la maladie du pays. Nothing indeed revives so Tively a remembrance of former scenes, as a species of fa

vourile music which we were accustomed to hear amid our 3745. [Ps. cxxxii. 17. I will make the horn of David 10

earliest and dearest connections; on such an occasion, a long bud] By adding the smaller hom which, in the double

train of associated ideas rise in the mind, and melt it into horued rhinoceros, grows above and after the larger hom :

so that the meaning is, I will add to his power and

There is in souls a sympathy with sounds.
See Deut. xxxiii. 17.

- Wherever I have heard
A kindred melody, the scene recurs,

Aud with it all its pleasures and its pains. 3746. - 18.] The idea of a crown of gold and

Cowper's Task, b. vi. - Pinkerton's jewels flourishing is at least unnatural : whereas flourishing

Coll. part xxii. p. 814. is natural to laurels and oaks. These were put on the heads of victors in full verdure. Pirie's Works, vol. iii. p. 124. 3751. [ 7.] When the Babylonians were withdrawn

from the siege of Jerusalem, the Edomites made an end of the temple with fire; prosecuting their revenge to the utter. most, hoping the Jews were never more to be a nation, insulting God, and slaughtering the few that remained of his

miserable people. 3747. [Ps. cxxxiii. 2.] The manner of performing the

Univer. Hist. vol. ii. p. 146. ceremony of anointing the high priest has been particularly transmitted to us by the rabbinical writers. They inform us that the oil was poured on the top of the priest's head, which 3752. [- 9. Thy little ones] Thy citadels, or thy was bare, so plentifully, as to run down his face on his || subordinate towns. See Ps. cxlvii. 13. beard, to the collar of his robe. It has been said, that at the consecration of the bigh priest the unction was repeated seven days together; an opinion founded on Exod. xxix. 29, 30.

JENNINGS' Jewish Antiq. vol. i. p. 210. The Hebrew word translated the skirt signifies more pro

3753. [Ps. cxxxix. 8.] The wave of a river communicates, perly the neck-band, whereby the garment is fastened imme

to a great distance, a single impulsiou, or one several times diately under the chin.

reiterated. The undulations of the air carry still quicker, Forbes' Oriental Memoirs, vol. ii.

and in all directions, the motion caused by the said air. From p. 223, note.

these examples any one may easily perceive, how solar light must in a few minutes convey very far the impulsion of that

solar matter which presses it; and thus render the presence 3748. [- 3.] The summit of this mountain being and influence of the sun sensible at prodigious distances. called Hermon, and its lower part Sion, the dew falling froin

Nature Displayed, vol. iv. p. 72. the top of it down to the lower parts, was beautifully emblematic of those blessings of unity and friendship, which diffuse themselves from the highrest to the lowest in a truly religious society.


No elastic fluid is a sufficient barrier See PocockE's Trav. vol.ii. p. 74. || against the passage of another elastic fluid.

Dalton's Chem. Philos. part ii.

p. 426.

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