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3755. [Ps. cxxxix. 15.] In the formation of embryos in jecture, that all the original particles of matter may be of the the womb, lineaments are continually cast forth, under the same substance, and even of the same form; and that the influence of Providence, towards the formation of future parts; vast variety we see in the world may arise from the different so that one part is always a plane for another, and this combinations and motions of these original particles. - It without any error, until the embryo is made. Afterwards was the opinion of Spinosa, that there is but one substance in also, when it is born, one thing is prepared successively to the universe ; that it has existed always, and will exist for another and for another, that a perfect man may exist; and ever; and that the vast variety of beings in it are only at length such a man as can receive heaven.

different modifications of this substance : And this to hen SWEDENBORG, Arcana, n. 6491. || (Grk.), or one substance, he calls God.

RobertsON. Did these philosophers inean to say, that all things, being

originally from God, are but different combinations and modifi3756. Haller was the first who shewed that in

cations of the substantial particles of the divine sphere, birds the fetus exists before fecundation. Spallanzani ex

varying their qualities in their progressive decent ? — "Our tended the discovery to different species of amphibious ani

souls,” says Marcus AURELIUS, “are an emanation of the mals, and to some sorts of plants : “ Hence,” he adds, "we

Deity ; our bodies, our spirits, proceed from God.” have a new and striking point of analogy between plants and

See No. 1160. animals to be added to the many others long known; aud hence the suspicion that these two tribes of organized bodies compose, perhaps, but one immense family, receives strong confirmation."

Watson's Chem. vol. v. p. 107. Verse 16.] Thus the seed of a tree is a real tree, in which

3759. [Ps. cxl. 12.] The Lawyer or Advocate slood on are all the integrant parts of a tree, though so ininute, as not

the right hand of the party cited into the court, whether he to be perceived by the senses without microscopes, and not

pleaded for or against him ; and on that account in Scripture even then, but in a very few things. All that this tree wants

to stand on the right hand, is taken for (as here) 10 plead is a fuller distinction and magnitude of parts, which is yra.

the cause ; or to accuse, as in Zach. iii. 1. dually acquired by the application of simple substances, that

ABENDANA. are, as so many constituent parts, necessary to the nourishment and increase of that simple body. — The same may be said of stones, minerals, and melals, which are not less vege. table and organic, having their own seeds, formed in their own matrix, and increasing with a peculiar nutriment, as well as man, quadrupeds, reptiles, birds, fishes, and plauts.

3760. [Ps. cxli. 7.] At five o'clock we left Garigana, and TOLAND's Pantheisticon, p. 27. at a quarter past six in the evening arrived at a village whose

inhabitants had all perished with hunger the year before; their wretched bones being all unburied, and scattered on the

surface of the ground, where the village forinerly' stood. We 3757.

The FORMER OF ALL THINGS has so | encamped among the bones of the dead, no space could be framed each particular part of a man (or other animal), as

found free from them. not to let the skill bestowed on that, hinder him from making

Bruce, vol. iv. p. 349. that part or member itself, and every other, neither bigger nor less, nor (in a word) otherwise constituted, than was most expedient for the completeness and welfare of the whole ani.. mal. Which manifests, that this Great Artist bad the whole fabric under his eye at once; and did at one view behold all that was best to be done.

3761. [Ps. cxlv.] The Hebrew of this Pralm, at every Boyle, on the High Veneration Man's Intellect

verse successively, begins with a different letter as they reguowes to God, p. 28.

larly stand in the alphabet. By virtue of the creating life received from the LORD, the soul of man in the womb can so wonderfully form itself a body.

3762. 9.] The chick in the shell begins to more SWEDENBORG, Arcana, n. 6468. il

its feet and legs on the sixth day of incubation (Mallreican, p. 138); or on the seventh day (Langley); afterwards it is seen to move itself gently in the liquid that surrounds

it, and to open and shut its mouth (Hardei. de Gene3768.

Thine eyes did see my substance, yet | rat. pp. 62, 197. Form. de Poulet. ij. p. 129). Puppies being imperfect] Sir Isaac Newton has offered it as a con | before the membranes are broken, that involve them, are seea

to move themselves, to put out their tongues, and to open and shut their mouths (Harvey, Gibson, Riolan, Haller). And calves lick themselves and swallow many of their hairs before their nativity : which however puppies do not (Swammerden, p. 319. Flemyng, Phil. Trans. Ann. 1755. 42). And towards the end of gestation, the fetus of all animals are proved to drink part of the liquid in which they swim (Haller. Physiol. T. 8. 204). The white of egg is found in the mouth and gizzard of the cbick, and is nearly or quite consumed before it is hatched (Harrei, de Generat. 58). And the liquor amnii is found in the mouth and stomach of the human fetus, and of calves ; and how else should that excrement be produced in the intestines of all animals, which is voided in great quantities soon after their birth (Gipson, Med. Essays, Edenb. vol. i. 13. Halleri Physiol. T. 3. p. 318. & T. 8). In the stomach of a calf the quantity of this liquid amounted to above three pints, and the hairs amongst it were of the same color with those on its skin (Blasii Anat, Animal. p. m. 122). These facts are attested by many other writers of credit, besides those above mentioned.

Dr. Darwin's Zoonomia, vol. i. sect. xvi. 2.

3767. {Ps. cxlviii. 3, &c.] Providence has given even to insensible bodies a sentimental language capable of alleviating the pressure of human woe ; while He presents to us frequently in the midst of scenes which pain the eye, other scenes which delight the ear and soothe the mind with interesting recollections. It is thus that from the bosom of forests He transports us to the brink of the waters, by the rustling of the aspins and of the poplars. At other times He conveys to us, when we are by the side of the brook, the noise of the sea, and the manæuvres of navigation, in the murmuring of reeds shaken by the wind. When He can no longer engage our reason by foreign imagery, He lulls it to rest by the internal charm of peaceful sentiment : He calls forth from the bosom of the forests, of the meadows, and of the vallies, sounds ineffable, which excite in us pleasing reveries that siuk us insensibly into tranquil repose.

St. Pierre's Studies of Nature,

vol. iii. p. 52.

3768. [- 8.] The Psalmist, here summoning all the works of JEHOVAH to praise Ilim, calls among the rest, on the thunder; and it is worthy our remark, that he includes in his suminons all the meteors which enter into the necessary harmony of the Universe. He qualifies them with the majestic title of the Angels and Hosts of the Most High,

Ibid. vol. i. p. 108, note.

3763. [Ps. cxlv. 15.] Chick weed, the food of small birds, produces ripe seeds within six weeks from the time of its being sown, and again seven or eight times within the year, without interruption in the process even by Winter. Thus Providence is the more abundant and powerful, in proportion as the creature is more feeble and necessitous.

See St. Pierre's Studies of Nature,

vol. ii. p. 410.

3769. ( 13.) The sphere which is above nature, is the spiritual world.

SWEDENBORG, Arcana, n. 4321.

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THE PROVERBS.

A SOUND judgment supposes but two things — ay affections through their thoughts. The character and quaknowledge of the subject, and a mind free from prejudice. Ility of every one there is also known froin the sphere of

In every science, and in morals, there are fixed principles, || his life. acknowledged to be true; these are nuclei, to which every

See SWEDENBORG, on Divine Providence, fact and sentiment are gathered, and this gathering strength

n. 196. ens the judgment; but were there uo nucleus, the whole would be mere matter of experience.

Impartiality is the basis of a sound judgment; it was this that gave to Newton all his greatness — he met his vast subject free from shackles. Give me your facts, your experience, and I will apply them to principles ; and, if they are 3776. [Prod. v. 4.] In the year 1560, Mons. Nicot, correct, they will harmonize.

then French ambassador at Portugal, received froin Tobacco, ch. ii. 10, 11.

Dr. JARROLD. a province in Mexico, the bitter weed denominated by the

natives Pelun. He immediately sent some of it to queen Catharine de Medicis. From which circumstances attending its introduction into Europe, it was at first variously called Qucen's-herb, Nicotiana, Petun, and Tobacco. Its leaves,

not much used as at present, were generally recommended as 3773. [Prov. iii. 8.) Medicines in the East are chiefly a specific vulnerary. applied externally, and in particular to the stomach and

Nat. Delin. vol. ii. p. 214. belly.

See Chardin.

3774. [- 16.] Wisdom, by industry and care, by sobriety and temperance, blesses and protracts the period of human existence. — The Antients, in numbering things and the ages of men by the hand and fingers, began with the left hand; and when they came to a hundred, went on to the right. Thus JUVENAL represents Nestor as counting his years : Suos jam dextra computat annos.

Sat. x. 249.

3777. [Prod. vi. 1 – 5.] Solomon here warns his son against giving the hand to a stranger, that is, against being surety for a person unkuown, and advises urging him to whom the hand was given, and in whose power (Prov. xxji. 27) the surety was, to pay his own debt : so that it must have been to the debtor that the hand was given, in the creditor's presence.

Smith's MICHAELIS, vol. ii. p. 323.

3775. [Prov. iv. 23.] All in the spiritual world think from the affections of their life's love; and the delight thereof encompasses every one, as his atmosphere. All are connected there according to these spheres exhaling from their

3778. [- 6.] The industrious silk-worm, in forming her cone, produces a double thread, in length about nine hundred and thirty feet, weighing no more than two grains and a half, yet worth

Nar. Delin. vol. i. p. 51. Beasts are so simple and regular in their actions, as to seem endued with reason; whilst inen are often so very capri

cious and imprudent, as to appear utterly devoid of all true rationality.

Ibid. p. 200.

their left nostril, which is bored low down in the middle. These are of gold, and have commonly two pearls and one ruby between, placed in the ring.

CHARDIN. ~ See Bib. Research.

vol. ii. p. 118. See No. 144.

3779. [Prov. vii. 16.] Athen, the flaxen thread of Egypt. Thucydides informs us, that the Athenians being of Egyptian extraction had woru none but linen-clothes till the Peloponnesian war. (Abbe Pluche's Hist. of the Head. vol. i. p. 137.) — Thus, it seems, the Athenians had their name from the peculiarity of their dress.

3784. [Prov. xvi. 11.) The 'Jewish doctors assert, that, to prevent frauds, their wise men allowed no weights, balances, or measures, to be made of any metal, as of iron, lead, tin (which were liable to rust, or might be bent or easily impaired), but of marble, stone, or glass, which were less subject to be abused.

See Lewis's Origines Hebrææ,

vol. iji. p. 403.

3780. [ 17. Aloes] Syrian Aloe-wood, called Aspalatha, which is a little shrub covered with prickles : the perfumers, having stripped off its bark, are said to use this wood in their perfumes, to give them a due consistency. CASSIDORUS observes, that it is of a very sweet smell, and that in his time they burnt it before the altars instead of frankincense. See Num. xxiv. 6. See Essay for a New Trans

lation, part ii. p. 158.

3785. [- 14,] In Turkey, when a great man is to be decapitated, a capidgi, or executiouer, is sent to him, who shews him the order he has to carry back his head. The other takes the grand Seignior's order, kisses it, puts it on his head in sign of respect; and then having performed his ablution, and said bis prayers, freely gives up his head. Thus they blindly obey the grand Seignior's order, the servants never offering to hinder the capidgi, the messenger of deain, though he often comes with few or no attendants.

See THEVENOT, cap. 46. — Also I Kings

ii. 25. And Matt. xiv. 10.

3781.

The Hindoo women perfume their hair with oil of cloves, cinnamon, sandal, mogrees, and other sweet-scented flowers; and those who can afford it, use the oil, or ottah of roses : this delicate and costly perfume is made in Persia, and the northern provinces of Hindostan : it is the pure essential oil of roses, rising in small particles on the surface of newly-distilled rose-water. In Persia, whole fields are covered with the Damascus-rose, or the scripture rose of Sharon : but it requires many gallons of rose-water to furnish only a few drops of this delicious essence.

Forbes' Oriental Memoirs, vol. i.

p. 83.

3786. [Prod. xvii. 17.) Friendship is a tacit contract between two sensible and virtuous persons : I say sensible ; for a monk, a hermit, may not be wicked, yet live a stranger to friendship. I add virtuous, for the wicked have only accomplices, the voluptuous have companions, the designing have associates, the men of business have partners, the politicians form a factious band; the bulk of idle men have connections, princes have courliers; but virtuous men alone have FRIENDS.

VOLTAIRE.

3782. [Prov. ix. 3.] Hasselquist saw in Egypt a number of women, who went about inviting people to a banquet. They were about ten or twelve in number, covered with black veils, as is usual in that country. As they walked along, they all joined in making a cry, which he was told signified their joy.

See HARMER, vol. iii. p. 193.

3787. 1- 19. He that exalts his gale, courts destruction] As the marauding Arabs are accustomed to ride into the houses of those they design to harrass.

Burder.

3783. [Prod. xi. 22.] It is the custom in almost all the East, for the women to wear rings in their noses ; that is, in

3788. [Prov, xix. 18.] Chasten thy son while there is | we defy history to furnish one single instance of this ascenhope, but suffer not thyself to be transported, to cause dancy having ever been obtained over a man of sense, by him to die.

brawling, ill-humour, and a visible contest for superiority. Vulgate, Vatablus, Mercer, Geyer, &c.

Dr. W. Alexander's Hist. of Women, vol. i. Correct thy son while yet there is hope ;

p. 334. But do it not in wrath, lest thou slay him.

By a modern traveller of credit it is said, that at Benares Dr. Hodgson. || and the adjacent province

and the adjacent provinces, a person, desirous of dispossessing a tenant from his house, and who is unwilling to wait the tedious process of the law, applies for the assistance of a

woman, who by profession is a notorious scold. This wounan 3789. [ — 24.] The Arabs in eating their milk, use

posts herself at sun-rising opposite the tenant's dwelling, and no spoons. They dip their hands into the milk, which is

there pours forth every species of abuse against the poor placed in a wooden bowl before them, and sup it out of the

inan, that she can invent. This conduct draws together the palms of their hands.

populace, whose applause she receives in proportion to her Le Bruyin, vol. i. p. 586.

vociferation and perseverance, for which she is amply rewarded by her employer. Whenever the woman has occasion to retire for the purposes of refreshment, she plants her staff in the ground opposite the house, which, through a singular superstition, none dare remove or even touch during her

absence, and on her return, she recommences the attack, and 3790. [Prov. xx. 26.] The oldest Iudian kings employed thus continues from day to day, till the man is glad to give the Ciacra, or wheel of Vishnu, instead of a sceptre; and the landlord possession of the house. were therefore called Ciacradartti, that is, persons who Ecclus. xxvi. 27.' Prov. xxv. 24. direct the wheel. - The Thibetians still retain this antient custom, and carry round a wheel during their public processions, festivals and other solemnities.

Baruch vi. 14.: BARTOLOMEO, by Johnston, p. 34).

The turniug-wheel is an instrument like a Sceptre, which the people (of Thibet) turu round while the Lama prays.

3794. [Prov. xxii. 6.7 of much efficacy are the customs, PINKERTON, part xxix. p. 591.

either political or domestic, in which men are brought up, and the daily manner of life, either fortifying or corrupting the

mind, for exposure to the air, simple aliments, gymnastic 3791. [- 27.] The spirit of a man is a most excel

exercises, and the manners of associates, have the greatest lent light that searches the inward parts of the belly,

influence in disposing either to virtue or vice. that is, the secrets of the heart.

Dr. LAMBE's Additional Reports on See KNATCH BULL, on 2 Cor. x. 4..

Regimen, p. 246.

3795. - Children may be taught any habits and any sentiments, and these with the bodily and mental propensities and faculties existing at birth in each individual, combined with the general circumstances in which he is placed, constitute the whole character of man.

OWEN.

3792. [Prov. xxi. 8. Froward and strange) Read unstable and wavering : in allusion to a beast which is so overburdened that he cannot keep in the straight road, but is continually tottering and staggering, first to the right hand, and then to the left.

PARKHURST's Heb. Lex. p. 187,

3d. edit.

3793. [- 19.) She who discovers to us her intention to govern by her power, or by her ill-temper, produces an effect on us the other sex are not sufficiently aware of, by. raising a disgust, which all our efforts can never conquer. In a great variety of instances, women have governed men by the influence of good-nature and insinuating manners; but

3796. — Crates the Philosopher, wished to be on the pinnacle of the highest steeple of Athens, that he might cry aloud to the citizens, “Oh senseless generation; how foolish are you to heap up wealth, and yet to neglect the education of your children for whom ye amass it !”

HOME on Education, p. 26.

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