Sidor som bilder

the bones of our Fathers, Arise, and accompany us to a foreign land ?"

St. Pierre's Studies of Nature,

vol. iji. p. 87.

critical judgment of Heaven, as they thought it, both sides put
up their swords, and agreed to refer the controversy between
them to two arbitrators. Halyattes, king of Lidia, chose
Sienpesis, king of Cilicia; Cyaxares, the Median monarch,
chose Nebuchadnezzar, now busy in leading the Jews into
captivity. This eclipse, predicted by Thales the Milesian
in the 37th year of his age, happened on the 18th of May in
the proleptic Julian style, in the year of the Julian period
4111, in the 603d" year before the Christian era. It was
total 4 minutes and a half, where the battle was fought.
The shade entered the desert of Barca in Africa, soon after
nine in the morning. It traversed the Mediterranean sea, and
isle of Cyprus; entered Asia Minor at Cilicia, a little before
eleven ; about half an hour after, it passed the city now
called Erzerum ; near which Dr. Stukely supposes the battle
was fought, as being at the boundary between the two king-
doms. It is between the river Halys, and the river Melas.
on which was the antient city Melitene. The river Melas
runs eastward into the Euphrates. At half an hour after twelve,
the shade entered on the Caspian sea, and at one on the
Kalmac Tartary.

Phil. Trans. Abr. vol. xlviii.p. 380.

4238. [Ezek. Xxxvii. 12.) Savages consider the tombs of their ancestors as titles to the possessions of the lands which they inbabit. “ This country is ours,” say they, “the bones of our Fathers are here laid to rest." - When they are forced to quit it, they dig them up with tears, and carry them off with every token of respect.

Ibid. p. 265. About thirty miles below the Falls of St. Anthony in North America, several -bands of the Naudo wessie Indians have a burying-place, where these people, though they have no fixed residence, living in tents, and abiding but a few months on one spot, always contrive to deposit the bones of their dead.

At the spring equinox these bands annually assemble here, to hold a grand council with all the other bands; wherein they settle their operations for the ensuing year. At this time in particular, they bring with them their dead, for interment, bound up in buffaloes' skins.

If any of these people die in the summer, at a distance froin the burying ground, and they find it impossible to remove the body before it would putrify, they burn the flesh from the bones, and preserving the latter, bury them in the manner described.

Carver's Trav. in N. America,

pp. 40, 53, 263.

4235. [Ezek. xxxii. 3.] The manner of taking the crocodile in Siam is by throwing three or four nets across a river at proper distances from each other; that so if he break through the first, he may be caught by one of the others.

BROOKES, Nat. Hist. vol. i. p. 332.

4236. [- 24. There is Elam and all her multitude)


Whilst the Abbe Hussey was here (in While the Assyrians reigned at Nineveh, Persia was divided

the oblivious convent of Latrappe) digging his own grave, into several kingdoms. Amongst others there was a kingdom | and consigning himself to perpetual taciturnity, he was a very of Elam, which flourished in the days of Hezekiah, Ma. young man, highi in blood, of athletic strength, and built as nasseh, Josiah, and Jehoiakim, kings of Judah ; and fell in if to see a century to its end. When he came forth again the reign of Zedekiah ; Jer. xlix. 34 — 39. This kingdom into the world, I am persuaded, says RICHARD CUMBER. seems to have been very powerful, and to have waged war LAND, that he left behind him in his coffin at La Trappe no with the king of Touran or Scythia, beyond the river Oxus, one passion, native or engrafted, that belonged to him when with various success; and at length to have been subdued by

he entered it. Cyaxares, in conjunction with the Babylonians.

Memoirs of R. Cumberland, pp. 358, 360. Univer. Hist. vol. iv. p. 393.

4237. [Ezek. xxxvii. 1, &c.] Every Nation in a state of nature, and even the greatest part of those who are civilized, have made the tombs of their forefathers the centre of their devotions, and an essential part of their religion. When Europeans here proposed to savage nations a change of territory, this has been their decisive reply : “Shall we say to

4240. [Ezek. xxxviii. 2.) The tribes of the Curds 'are | more than can be exactly numbered; but it is said that in

Pars (Persia) there are above five hundred thousand families, which, during winter and summer, remain on the pastarelands. Some of these Curds maintain two hundred persons, such as shepherds, and labourers, and grooms, and boys and servants, and such like. One tribe of them goes forth two thousand horsemen ; and there is not any tribe of less than a was set up in the temple of Jupiter Capitolipus, and that o hundred horsemen. Their weapons and accoutrements, their Cato the censor in the curia, or senate house, as we read in numbers, war-horses, and troops, are such that they are able VALERIUR MAXIMUS, l. viii. c. 15. — Univer. Hist. dol. to contend with kings; and it is said that their race is xiii. p. 491. 'originally Arabian. (Ebn. 'Haukal, pp. 85, 92.) – The Accordingly Caius Cesar, desirous to be called a God by wandering Curis ör Turkomans, whom Captain FRANKLIN every nation in subjection to the Romans, sent Petronius with met in the vicinity of Persepolis, informed him, that their an army to Jerusalern to place his statues in the temple, and tribe was Ort. (Tour to Persia, &c. Oct. Edit. p. 199.) –

commanded him that, in case the Jews would not admit of We are inclined to think, say the Gentlemen who wrote the

them, he should slay those that opposed it, and carry all the Unider. Hist., that the parts between the Euxiue and Cas

rest of the nation into captivity. — The Jews declaring that pian seas are most likely to be those in which "Magog || they would suffer themselves to be slain, rather than permit settled.

this, Caius providentially died before his wicked and bloody Vol. i. p.371. threat could possibly be executed.

See JOSEPHUS' Wars, b. ii..chap: 8.

4241. [Ezek. xxxvij. 4.] Horses and horsemen, clothed with perfection ; or, as Kimchi translates, expert in all · kinds of weapons..

Univer. Hist. dol. v. p. 297.

4242. [- 6.] Here Cush comprehends Arabia and

and the proper Ethiopia ; as if we had read Persia, Arabia, Ethiopia, and Libya. — Compare Ezek. xxx, 5. with Jer. xxy. 20, 24. .

See Univer. Hist. dol. sviii. p. 497,

note (P).

4247. [Ezek. xliii. 7 — 9.] Iu Egypt, the dead body of a distinguished person (when einbalmed), was enclosed in a case of wood, made to resemble a human figure, and placed (as Saul's body was, 2 Sam. xxxi. 10) against the wall in the repository of their dead.

Herod. Euterpe, lxxxvi. Now a carpenter'. that fells timber, after he had sawn down

Now a tree meet for the purpose, carved it diligently, when he had nothing else to do, and formed it by the skill of his understanding, and fashioned it to the image of a man ; or made it like some vile beast, laying it over with vermillion, and with paint, colouring it red, and covering every spot therein ; and when he had made a convenient room for it, set it ju a wall, and made it fast with irou : for he provided for it that it might not fall, koowing that it was unable to help itself (for it is an image, and has need of help): He then makes prayer for his goods, for his wife and children, and is not ashamed to speak to that which has no life. For health, he calls on that which is weak ; for life, prays to that which is dead : for aid, humbly beseeches that which has least means to belp : for a good journey, he asks of that which cannot set a foot forward : and for gaining and getting, and for good success of his bands, asks ability to do, of him that is inost unable to do any thing.

See No. 2835. Wisdom of SOLOMON xiii. 11 – 19.

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4248. [ 11.) The principles of all forms, like those

of colors (see Job xli. 18), are reducible to five ; the line, 4245. [Ezek. xliji. 7 – 9.] The pagodas, or Pagan tem- | the triangle, the circle, the ellipse, and the parabola. ples of India, consist of three divisions. The first forms

St. Pierre's Studies of Nature, the main body, or nave; the second, the sanctuary; and

vol. ii. p. 122. the third, the chapel in which the sacred body is preserved. BARTOLOMEO, by Johnston, p. 62.

4249. [- 14.] “The lower settle” was for the

Priests to walk on, as they placed the consecrated offerings 4246.

It was an aptient custom among the on the upper or “ greater settle.” (See Plate i. fig. 3, in Romans set up the images of illustrious men in the curia, BoIsGELIN'S Malia, opposite p. 18. pol. i.) - Or, more and int temples. Thus the image of Scipio Africanus I probably, the Priests, who served up the dishes to the High

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4259. (Ezek. xlvi. 3.] On grand festivals, celebrated by the whole nation, the lower ranks of Indians must deposit their offerings before the door of the temple in which the higher orders assemble, and he contented to worship the deity in it at a distance. In general, almost the sa ne divisions, and the same degrees of rank, are found among the Indians, as those which were coininou among the Jews.

BARTOLOMEO, by Johnston, p. 289.

4253. ( 1-8.] The land of Egypt, in like manner, was divided into three parts : 1. One belonged to the Priests, from the produce of which they provided all sacrifices, and maintained all the ministers of religion. 2. A second part was the King's, to support his court and fainily. Hence there were no taxes, the king having so ample an estate. 3. The remainder of the land (as here) belonged to the SUBJECTS.

See Diodorus Siculus, lib. i.

4260. [- 6.] The Hebrews, the Greeks, the Romans, and all the Antients in general, used to assemble at the time of the New Moon, to discharge the duties of piety and gratitude: whatever inight be of concern to them during the new month, was proclaimed to thein on that day. They met again, for the same purposes, at the full and at the two quarters.

Nature Displayed, vol. iv. p. 34

4254. [- 6.] Chambers or Colleges. In India, youth destined to be Brahinins must spend ten years within the precincts of the temple at Triciur, and avoid all intercourse with the female sex. They are obliged also to observe the strictest sileuce, which continues five years.

BARTOLOMEU, by Johnston, p. 266.

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4255. [- 11.] A bath is supposed to have held, in liquids, seven gallons two quarts and a half pint.

Essay for a New Translation,

part ii. p. 38.

4262. [Ezek. xlvii. 1-5.] The waters must have been thus increased by successive springs. Ps. Ixxxvji. 7. The king's portion included that holy portion in which the springs were. Ch. xlviii. 21.

4263. [Ezek. xlvii. 2.) Shiloah, called also Siloain (John | The intense saliness of its waters is what prevents either ix. 7) was a fountain under the walls of Jerusale in, towards animals or vegetables from living in it. the East, between the city and the brook Kidron. CALVET

See Tacitus, Hist. lib. v. cap. vi Plin. lib. v. thinks that this was the same with Eurogel, or the Fuller's

cap xv & xvi. VOLNEY, vol. i. p. 281. fountain, which is inentioned in Joshua xv. 7. xviii, 16; in Lam. xvii. 17, and in 1 King's i. 9.

STRABO states that no person could dive in this water, nor

Its waters were col- wade into it above the navel. lected in a great reservoir for the use of the city ; and a

Geogr. vol. ii. p. 1107. stream from it, supplied the pool of Bethesda. See Dr. A. CLARKE, on John ix. 7. || Pococke, in confirmation, says that he could lie motionless

on its waters, in any attitude, without sinking.

See his Trav. in 1743, vol. ii. p. 34.

When Vespasian went to see this lake, he commanded that 4264. [ 9.) About eight miles up Savannah river,

some who could not swim, should bave their hands tied behind at the villa of the Hon. Jonathan Bryan, Esq., I observed,

them, and be thrown into the deep; when it so happened, that says BARTRAM, in a low wet place at the corner of his garden,

they all swam, as if a wind had forced them upwards. the Ado (Arum esculentum); this plant is inucb cultivated in

Joseph. Wars, b. iv. chap. viii. $ 4. — vol. v. the maritime parts of Georgia and Florida, for the sake of its Jarge turnip-like root, which, when boiled or roasted, is ex.

From a chemical analysis accurately made by Marcet, it cellent food, and tastes I ke the Yam: perhaps this inay be

appears, that the water of the Dead Sea, contains salts nearly the Aruin Colocasia. There is also another spec'es of the

one-fourin of its weight. esculent Arum, called Tannier which is a large and beautiful

Ste Phil. Trans. for 1807, dol. ii. p. 296. plant, much cultivated and esteemned for food, particularly by This lake is situated in the south of Syria, near Jerusa." the Negroes.

lem, occupying an extent of from 60 to 70 miles in length, Trad. p. 467. and from 10 to 20 iu breadth :


En-eylaiın is at the beginning of the Dead Sea, where the 4265. ( 10.) There are no fish in the Dead Sea ; but

Jordan enters it: En-gedi is on the opposite side, not far there are certain Zoophyles, such as the actinia calendula,

from Jericho. thus described by Hughes: At the north end of the island of

See Matt. ni. 6.

CalMET. Barbadoes, in St. Lucy's parish, is a cave about 14 feet long, The Greeks call this lake Asphaltis, on account of the and wide : ils bottom is a basin always full of transparent bitumen it abounds with; and the Jews call it the Dead Sea, salt water, covering a porous stone of about 4 feet long, and because fish cannot live in it. 3 in breadth From small holes in the sides of this stone, at

Dr. A. Clarke's FLEURY, p. 277. different depths, appear in full bloom, at all tiines of the year, several seemingly fiue radiated yellow flowers, resembling marigolds; which, on the approach of a finger, shrink, stalk and all, intu the stone ; re-appearing after a few minutes, in their former beauty. (See Exod vii. 11, 12.) - The top of

4266. [Ezek. xlvii. 10, 11.] Codalam, in India, produces the stone, out of which these seeming flowers grow, is covered

nothing but millet and salt. over with small blue flowers resembling the yellow ones, and

See Jonah i. 17. BARTOLOMEO, by Johnston, p. 74. with clusters of water-bottles that reseinble unripe grapes. - These corallines probably are the plants bearing fruit li that never come 10 ripeness, said in the book of Wisdom (x. 7) to be in or near the Dead Sta.

4267. [- 12.] Those plantations of palm-trees that See Phil. Trans. Abr. vol. viii. p. 717. are near the banks of the river Jordan, are much more flouThe lake Asphaltis, is called the Dead Sea, because no

rishing and fruitful, than such as are reinote from its waters.

Joseph. Wars, b. iv. ch. viii. 2. animal lives in it; and, if by chance any fish come into it, they die, and swim on its surface.

Verse 19.] The rider, called Sichor on the border of Jerome, in loco." Egypt; near to the Isthmus of Suez. See Josh xii. 3.



IN all barbarous or uncivilized countries the stateliness of be pronounced, by the mass of mankind, impracticable ; be the body is held in great veneration : nor do they think any it the discovery of gunpowder, the discovery of printing, the capable of great services or actions, to whom nature has not discovery of America, or any other novelty of however great vouchsafed to give a beautiful form and aspect. (Q. CUR ll or however minute a scale. Tius, Hist. I. vi. c. v.) — And it has always been the custom

Essay on Sepulchres. in Eastern nations to choose such for their principal officers. Verse 4. See Sir Paul Ricaul's Present state of the Ottoman Empire, b. i. c. 5. p. 13. .

4273. [Dan. i. 12.] Gray peas, steeped a night-in water,

and fried with butter, are still eaten as a dainty in the north 4269. [Dan. i. 5-20.) Dr. Barwick tells us in the life of England. of his brother, who, in the civil wars, had for many years been coufined in a low room in the tower, during the usurpation; that, at the time of his going in, he was under a phthisis, atrophy, and dyscasy, and lived on bread and water only, several years there; and yet came out at the restora. tion, sleek, pluinp, and gay.

See Dr. Cheyne's Method of Cure in 4274. (Dan. ii. 28.] There are dreams that come by in

the Diseases of the body and the flux from heaven, as well as visions; with this difference, that mind, p. 211.

dreams come when the corporeal part is asleep, but visions when it is not asleep.

SWEDENBORG, Arcana, n. 1975. 4270. - It appears hence, that vegetable food is not only the most nutritive, but contributes exceedingly to strengthen the intellectual powers of man.

PLUTARCH, in his Treatise on Animal Food, intimates, 4275. [ 31.] The Greatest Man is the universal that an indulgence in that article coutributed greatly to obe heaven, which in general is a likeness and image of the scure the intellectual faculties.


Ibid. n. 3883,

4271. [- 8. The wine which he drank] That is, “the royal wine" - made by mingling palm-tree with that of the grape. See Esther i. 7. Isai. v. 22.

4276. [- 32.] They who are of the most antient See No. 113.

Church called Man or Adam, and were celestial men, are above the Head (of the Grand Man of the Spiritual Heavens)

in a very high elevation (of the Angelic Heavens); where 4272. ( 10.) Whatever is wholly new is sure to W they dwell together in the utmost happiness, in an aura

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