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mats and carpets for the more commodious entertainment of 5013. [Luke' v. 39.] It was, till lately, the custom in Ger.. company. As this area or quadrangle is always allotted for many to bury earthen vessels filled with wine, at the birth of the reception of large parties, it undoubtedly was the place every child, not to be taken up till its marriaye. where Jesus in the midst of the Pharisees and doctors of the

WINCKELMAN's Herculaneum, p. 60. law, was delivering his instructions. Now in the suminer season, and on all occasions when a large company is to be received, this court is cominonly sheltered from the heat or inclemency of the weather by an umbrella or veil, which, being expanded on ropes from one side of the parapet wall to the other, may be folded or unfolded at pleasure. The court also is usually surrounded with a cloister or colonnade, over

5014. [Luke vi. 1.] GROTICS conceives that when any of which, when the house has one or more stories, there is a || the solemo yearly feasts fell on the sabbath-day, that sabbath had gallery erected, of the same dimensions with the cloister, a special respect paid to it, and was called mega or sabbaton having a ballastrade, or a piece of latticed work going round prolon (Grk.). Now of these first sabbathis there were thrre it, to prevent persons falling from it into the area. As the in the year, at the passover, at pentecost, and at the feast of paralytic might be easily conveyed over the terraces of the tabernacles. The first of them, that is, when the first day neighbouring houses to such a gallery, when the veil was of the feast of passover fell on the sabbath-day, was called drawn away, he could as easily be let down through the open protoproton sabbaton, or the first priine sabbath. The seing, into the midst of the court, before Jesus.

cond, that is, when the day of pentecost fell on the sabbalh, Dr. Shaw. -- Bib. Research. vol. ii. was called deuteroproton, which he apprehends was the sabp. 208.

bath here intended.

5010. (Luke v. 36.] The new maketh a rent – in the garment it is taken from.

6015 - Sabbato deutcroprolo (Grk.), the SECON D-first sabbath. See Lev. xxiii. 39. — It should be translated, on the first sabbath of the second half year; that is, on the first day of the feast of tabernacles, which commenced on the first appearance of full myou at the au. tumnal equinox.

As the Jews computed their sabbaths froin the feast of the Pass-over, the first and the seventh or last days of which were equally great festivals, they called the larler or last day of the Pass-over sabbath shenireshon (lebr.), the second prime sabbath.

See Jos. SCALIGER, De Emend. Temp. lib. vi.

Or Uniter. llist. vol. iii. p. 168.

5011. [- 39.] The old is the fermented, the intoxiealing wine: the new is the unintoxicating sweet-wine, or must. - From the most early ages wine is mentioned by the historians and poets, and seems to be almost coeval with the first productions from vegetables : grapes became, at first, a useful part of their aliment, and the recent expressed juices a cooling drink. These, by a spontaneous fermentation, soon acquiring a vinous quality, supplied them with a more grateful liquor, which strengthened and exhilarated their spirits after labor. — The Indians, in the same manner, discovered similar virtues in the palm-trees; they first made incisions in the bark, with a view of drinking the cooling liquor which distilled from them ; but soon found, that, by

ind, that, by being kept in vessels, it acquired differeut and more agreeable qualities.

Barry's Observations, fc. on Wines,

p. 27.

5016. i 12.] Such Proseuchæ used to be out of cities, as the synagogues were within them.

Sce Le Muyne on Polycarps Epistle, p. 76.

-5017. [- ]7.] Matthew tells us, that Jesus went up into a inouutain, and Luke hints here, that he stood in a plain, or champaign place : yet Luke does not expressly say, that he preached in the plain ; but that he came down to it, to heal those that waited for him.

Univer. llist. rol, s. p. 319.

5012. - Palin-wine is drinkable till the third day after it has been drawn from the tree, but then it grows heady; and there is danger in being intoxicated with it. After that time it turns into bad vinegar, which soon contracts an abominable smell. I always observed, says ADAMSON, that it is delicious when new, and the newer the better. It has every good quality when first extracted, which cannot be exrected twelve hours after.

Voy. to Senegal, Pinkerton's Coll. ||

part Ixvii. p. 642,

5018. [- 24.] Apechele (Grk.), ye prevent your consulation ; see Matt. vi. 2.


5019. [Luke vi. 35. Hoping for nithing again] that is, -# for no discount. — In India, when money-changers conclude any bargain with each other, it is ratified by an oath before the door of some temple, and in view of the idol ; and in such cases (the obligation being religious) they seldom or never deduct any thing for the payment.

BALTOLOMEO, by Forster, p. 88.

same lady : but the Sorbonne has since then changed its opinion, and pretends now, that these are three very different Marys.

See BERNARD, Nouvelles de la Repub. des

Lettres, tome 21. p. 200. ib. Tome 32. p. 140.

5026. (Luke viii. 18.] It is the tone of soul in the person who listens, which gives the comprehension of the language of him who speaks.

St. Pierre's Studies of Nature,

vol. iii. p. 334.

5020. [-48.] Even in Judea, though the returns of rain in the winter are not extremely frequeut, yet when it does rain, the water pours down with great violence three or four days and nights together, enough to drown the whole country.

JAcobus de l'irriaco, Gesta Dei,

p. 1098.

5027. - So much of what is understood as transcends the love of applyiug to life what is known, eitber departs from a man while in the world, or abides deciduous in the terminations of his inernory : wherefore after death it is separated, till there remain no more than 'what accords with the proper love of his spirit.

SWEDENBORG, on Divine Love, n. 368.'

5021. [Luke vij. 15.] In Egypt the corpse, covered with a piece of coarse lines, is carried in procession, in a coffin without a lid.

HASSE!QUIST's Levant, p. 60.

50-2. [ 38, 46.] It appears that in the time of HOMER, it was usual both to wash and anoint belo 'e meals not the head only, but also the feet. (See Iliad x, 577.) And it is spoken of by ARISTOPHANES as an antient custom, that daughters, having washed the feet of their parents, did afterwards anoint thein.

See Vesp. p. 473.

50:28. [ 30.] The communications of (spiritual) societies with other (spiritual) societies (and with men) are effected through (intermediate) spirits, whom they send forth (in their united sphere and image); and through whom they speak. These spirits are called subjects. - Hence it inay be manifest, that the spirits and angels (two, at least, of each), who are ailendant on (every) man, are for the sake of communication with societies in hell, and with societies in heaven.

Ibid. Arcana, n. 5856.

5029. [--- 31.) Certain filthy, contumacious spirits, · 5023. [- 42. And when they had nothing to pay] || when driven a way into the deep, are tormented there to such The valural man has not one spiritual affection, nor one true l a degree, that they cannot but desist from infesting others. idea.

Ibid. n. 0722.

5024. [- -- 44, 46 ) The Hindoos wash their bodies often, and keep their feet as cican as their hands. The better sort also aniont themselves daily with sweet oils, which give them an agreeable scent.

Terry, Voy. Ind. sect. v. p. 376.

5030. [ 36.] It is worth remarking, that possession and epilepsy are denoted by the same Arabic word (Kabal and Kabat; where the K is the Spanish jora).


5031. At this day there are no external obsessions, as formerly ; but only interual, occasioned by Siren spirits. They who have no conscience are thus obsessed : the interiors of their minds are in a state of insanity, but concealed and covered with an external decorum and appareil uprightness, from motives of honor, gain, and repitaiiou.

SWEDENBURG, Areana, n. 1983.

5025. [Luke viii. 2.] The Faculty of Theology at Paris gravely decided in 1620, that Mary Müdalene, Mary that sister of Lazarus, and Mary the courtezan, were one and the

5032. [Luke viii. 55.] Her spirit came again; perhaps, il motions, and transitions : affirmatives of truth, by bright by pervasion (from without); like magnetism, or electricity: and ascending clouds ; negatives, by dark and descending And probably it leaves the body, in like manner, at the tiine clouds : affirmatives of what is false, by dusky and black of its dissolution.

clouds; consent and dissent, by various consociations and APPLEGARTH. dissociations of clouds in a sky-color, such as that of the heaveus iu the night.

SWEDENBORG, Arcana, n. 3221.

5035. [Luke ix. 53.] When the face speaks, or the mind 5033. [Luke ix. 23.] As the eternal liells are in the il by the face, angelic speech is exhibited with man in its ultimate Southern Hemisphere of our solar system, we may thence natural form ; and there is a presence of the internal sight expect all the evil influences which cause our daily temp- or thought of one in that of another : but not so, in verbal tations and trials. See the Diagram. — The grouping of the discourse. stars of the first magnitude; some scalterred nebulæ, rival

Ibid. n. 8249. ling in splendour the milky way, and tracks of space remarkable for their extreme blackness, give a peculiar phy. siognomy to the southern sky. A traveller in those regions

5036. [- 56. The Son of man is not come to destroy without any acquired notions of astronomy, without any ac

Il men's lives, but to save them] If Christian vations were quaintance with the celestial charts of Fiamstead and de la Caille, feels he is not in Europe,, when he sees the immense

nations of Christians, all war would be impossible and un

kuown amongst them. constellation of the ship, or the phosphorescent clouds of

See No. 823. SoAME JENYNS' Works, vol. iv. p. 37. Magellan, arise on the horizon. In the sixteenth degree of latitude, we saw distinctly, says HUMBOLDT, the Cross of the South only in the night of the 4th and 5th of July : it was strongly inclined, and appeared from time to time between the clouds. The two great stars which inark the summit and the foot of this Cross having nearly the same right

1 5037. (Luke x 4.) Waste not your time in idle salala. ascension, it follows hence, that the constellation (the form

tions, as do the Arabs of Yemen and especially the Highof which recalls the sign of the baptismal covenant) is almost

lauders there, who often stop strangers, merely to ask from perpendicular at the moment when it passes the meridian. curiosity - Whence they come and Whither they are This circumstance is known to every nation that lives beyond going? the tropics, or in the southern hemisphere. It has been ob

See Niebuhr's Trav. vol. i. p. 302. served at what hour of the niglit, in different seasons, the Cross of the South is erect, or inclined. It is a tiine piece that very regularly advances nearly four minutes a-day, and no other group of stars exhibits to the naked eye, au obser.

5038. [ 5-7.] As we were at table, says De La

Roque (p. 203 ), there came by a stranger, wearing a white vation of time so easily made. Blow often bave we heard our

turban, who, after having saluted the company, sal himself guides, adds this enlightened Traveller, exclaim in the sa

down to the table, without ceremony ; ale with us during some vannas of Venezuela, or in the desert extending from Lima to Truxillo,“ Midnight is past, the Cross begins to bend.”

time, and thus went away, repeating several times the maine See his Travels in South America, translated by

of God. They told us it was some traveller, who, no doubt, Helen Maria Williams, in 2 vols. 8vo.

stood in need of refreshment, and who had profited by the

opporlunily, according to the custom of the East, which is The Magellauic clouds, seen in the heavens towards the

to exercise hospitality at all times, and toucard all persons. south pole, are whitish appearances like clouds, that have See Gen. xviii. the same apparent motiou as the stars. They are three in

The white linen turban is only worn by the Hagi, or pil. number, two of them near each other. The largest lies far from the south pole, but the other two are not many degrees

grims, who have been to Mecca. inore remote from it than the nearest conspicuous star, that is,

SIDNEY SMITH's Leller 10 his Father Joka about eleven degrees. Mr. Boyle conjectures, that if these

Smith, Esq. clouds were seen through a good telescope, they would appear to be multitudes of small stars like the walky way.


5039. [ 21.] The natural man, separate from the spiritual, is sapient only from the world; or not at all froin heaven.

Hi who is thus sapient, believes nothing but what the senses 6034,

comprehend. What also he believes, he believes for the 34, 35.) The discourses of angels are

fa acies of the serises, consequently roto false (appearances sometimes represented by clouds, and by their forins, colors,

and sensations). Hence it is that spirituals are not any

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thing to him : he scarcely endures to hear mention made of bages, take possession of the minds and bodies of human beings what is spiritual; he apprehends not what the internal man 8 we cannot doubt, if we give any credit to history, sacred or is, and hence believes not that there is an internal man. || profane; and although the sagacity of the present more en-' Such are insane, when they are kept in a spiritual sphere lightened times hath exploded this opinion with contempt (above the earth); though while they live in the world, they and ridicule, yet we see daily instances, which must induce appear otherwise; either thinking naturally of spiritual things, us to believe, that their power is not even now totally at an or turning away the ear in not alteuding to what they hear. end. We see some labouring under diseases which the most

In the sphere of spiritual life, the natural man is seized first skilful physicians are unable to account for, or to cure; others with blindness, next with insanity, and at length with anguish. perpetrating the most horrid crimes without provocation, tempHence they who are in liell (being all natural men) have no tation, or advantage: we see the hand of the suicide plunginclination to look to heaven.

ing the dagger juto bis own breast in contradiction to his SWEDENBORG, Arcana, nn. 9109, 9110. reason, his principles, and his corporeal feelings : and must

we not conclude, that all these unaccountable actions proceed from the directions of some external powers, which

the actors are unable to resist? In madness we plainly 5040. [Luke x. 23.] That the sight of inan depends on his

perceive two distinct wills operating at the same time, one of intellectual faculty," is very manifest from this consideration, which compels a man to commit the most outrageous acts, ibat his natural affections effigy themselves representatively which the other disapproves, but cannot controul; nay somein the face ; whereas the interior affections, which are of the times foresees, for a considerable time, that he shall be so thought, appear in the eyes from a certain Aame of life, and compelled, but is unable to prevent it. consequent evibration of light, which sparkles forth accord

SOANE JENYNS' Works, vol. iv. p. 194. ing to the affection in which the thought is.

Ibid. n. 4407.

5045. [Luke xi. 24 – 26.] When any one, who has, by 5041. [ 29, 30, &c.] A Jew is of the same family

the power of reason and religion, expelled from his heart im

pious and malevolent dispositions, infused into it by the ope. with a Jew; a Sainaritan or one of another sect or party, is neighbour to a Jew, or to any that is not of his own fra

rations of evil spirits, shall suffer himself again to fall under ternity.

their dominion, they will return with sevenfold strength, and the inau will be many degrees more wicked than he was before.

Ibid. p. 192. 5042. 34. To an inn] Pandocheion (Grk.), a receptacle open for all comers. — In the East there are no inns any where; but the cities, and commonly the villages, have a large building called a Kane, or Kervanserai, which 5046.

31.) In Arabia Felix, this queen of Sheba serves as an asylum for all travellers. These houses of I is supposed to have reigoed. reception are always, built without the precincts of towns,

Modern Univer. Ilist, vol, vi, p. 66, and consist of four wings round a square court, which serves See No. 121, 1113, 1154. note (C). by way of enclosure for the beasts of burden. The lodgings are cells, where you find nothing but bare walls, dust, and sometimes scorpions. The keeper of this Kane gives the trayeller a key and a mat; and he provides himself the rest. He must therefore carry with him his bed, his kitchen utensils, and even his provisions ; for frequently not even : 5047. [Luke xii. 33. Every soul exhibits the treasure of bread is to be found in the villages.

its ideas at the extremity of its sphere : in heaven, if it be a

VOLNEY, vol. ii. p. 419. | good soul; in hades, if an evil õne. See No. 1343, 1084.

5048. [ 35.] In the East, all persons that travel on foot gather up their vest, by which they walk more commodiously, having the leg and knee unburthened and disembarrassed.


5043. (Luke xi. 14, &c.] The aniinal spirit is dumb; the Divine Spirit is the word of God, and causes speech in man.

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50.] This baptism must be distinguished

from the cup of his affliction : by the former is meant death, ll certain beasts, which the Turks call ciacals or jacals. They a total immersion iu afflictions; by the latter, the fear of 1 are a sort of wolves soinewhat bigger than foxes, but less death, from which he was delivered by the Angel's strength than common wolves; yet as greedy and devouring as the ening him; Luke xxii. 43.

most ravenous of all wolves or foxes. They go in flocks, and See Bib. Research. vol. i. p. 125. seldom hurt man or beast; but get their food by craft and

stealth, more than by open force. Hence it is that the Turks call subtle and crafty persons, especially the Asiatics,

by the metaphorical name of ciacals.(See Cant. ii. 15. 5050. [Luke xii. 55.] To increase the heat of the South Aud Ps. Ixiji. 10.) --"In this," be adds, “they are how. wind on its way to warm the frozen North, a'zone of sand ever very ridiculous; they discover themsclres by the noise commences beyoud Mount Atlas, and encompasses the Earth they make. — Here probably was the point of our Lord's like a Belt, extending from the westerly point of Africa to allusion : " Tell that noisy Shual, he has warned ine by the most easterly extremity of Asia, in a reduced distance of his threat, and I shall escape speedily.” more than three thousand leagues.

St. Pierre's Studies of Nature,
vol. i. p. 209.

5055. (Luke xiii. 33.] The Jewish Sanhedrim could be · See No. 1293, 1147, 1176, 1148, 1152, 1303.

held nowhere but at Jerusalem, in a place called Liscat Hagazit, the stone conclave (the pavement, John xii. 13), which was a part of the Temple. Here all causes of considerable importance were finally determined.

See Picart's Religious Ceremonies, vol. i. 5051. [Luke zji. 11 – 16.) A stroug magnet, at the least

p. 115. distance from a weaker, cannot draw to it a piece of iron adhering actually to such weaker slone ; but if it come to touch it, it can draw it from the other : and yet a weaker


The prophets, says Drusius, could be magnet, or even a little piece of iron, can draw away ano

judged only by the members of the Great Sanhedrim, who ther piece contiguous to a greater or stronger load-stoue.

had their residence and convocation-court, always in Jeru. Smith's Wonders of Nature and Art,

salem. vol. iii. p. 33.

See No. 1179.

5052. [- 21.] When evil and false influences are sent together into religious societies, they act like ferments put into measures of meal or sweet wines. By such spiritual fermentations, the heterogeneous principles and members are separated ; while those, homogeneous, are conjoined, purified and clarified.

SWEDENBORG, on Divine Providence,

n. 23.

5057. [Luke xiv. 7-11.] When evils are remitted after repentance, they are renioved from the midst to the sides (of the memory) t; and then that which is in the midst, being directly under inspection, appears as in the light of day, and that which is at the sides, in the shade, and sometimes as it were in the darkness of wight. Now, as evils are not sepa. rated (in this life), but only removed, that is, put away to the sides; and as a man may be transferred from what is central to things circumferential, it is still possible (in this world), that he may return to his evils, which he' believed to be rejected.

See Gen. xliii. 32, 33. SwedenBORG, on Div. Prov. 1 Kings x. 5.

n. 279.

5053. ( 32.] That is, “Go ye, and tell that fox, behold, I now cast out demons and perform cures, and shall continue so to do 'til I shall effect my purpose ; therefore I must be at large the necessary time for performing this work.”

PILKINGTON. - See Bib. Research.

vol. i. p. 77.

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