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doctors of heat, are likewise good conductors of electricity.. || 5156. (John iii. 5. Of water] "He, whom his father, or - The conducting power of Auids arises from two distinct | mother with her husband's assent, gives to another as his sources: the one is the same as in solids, namely, a gradual son, provided the donee have no issue, if the boy be of the progress of the beat from particle to particle, exclusive of same class and affectionately disposed, is a son given by any motion of the particles themselves ; The other arises from water — j'è. the gift being confirmed by pouring water.the internal motion of the particles of the fluid, by which the

See Frag, 10 Calmet, No. 2N. vol. ij. extremes of hot and cold are perpetually brought into contacl, and the heat is thus diffused with great celerity.

Dalton's Chem. Philos. part i.
pp. 100, 101.

5157. [- 19.] We have power over the mind's eye, as well as over the body's, to shut it against the strongest rays of truth and religion, whenever they become painful to us ;

and to open it again to the faint glimmerings of scepticism 5153. [John ii. 20. Forly and six years has this Temple and infidelity when we " love darkness rather than light, bebeen in building] That is, forty and six years, since it began cause our deeds are evil.” to be repaired by Herod, had elapsed at this first passover

SOAME JENYNS' Works, vol. iv. p. 54. after Christ when the Jews were objecting this to bim. (See USHER, sub. A. M. 3987.) — It continued to be repaired till the beginning of the Jewish war under Gellius Florus.

JOSEPHUS, Antiq. l. xx. c. 8. 5158. [ 20.] It appears from observations made on Though it was, from the cominencement of its re-building the Virginia creeper, the ivy, the common vine, &c. by T. A. ju the 21st year of Herod's reign, made fit for, divine wor

Knight, Esq. ihat not only the tendrils and claws of these chip in nine years and a half; and thongh forty-six years

creeping dependent plants, but their stems also, are made to had been now actually spent in repairing it, yet at the time recede from light, and to press against the opaque bodies, the Jews spoke the above words many workmen were still

which nature intended to support and protect them. employed on its out-buildings, and continued to be so even

Phil. Trans. for 1812, part ii. p. 316. for years after our Lord's crucifixion.

See WELLS' Continuation of the Jewish Hist.
(vol. ii. of his Bible), p. 103.

· 5159. ( 23. Salim] Hence Melchizedek, king of
Salem, was king of Jerusalem which, as to its pristine name,

is called Salem in Ps. lxxvi. 2. 5154. - 22.) The Scripture here referred to is

See No. 433, &c. probably Mati. xij. 40, where we find Jesus predicting his Ænon was about eight miles south of Scythopolis ; Salim death and resurrection, as they actually took place in the 36th in the neighbourhood of it was the same with the Salem of year of his age. As Matthew is said to have made his Gospel || the Old Testament, where Melchizedek was king, and where public in the very same year in which his Master suffered, it some of the ruins of his palace were still to be seen in Jerome's is a strong presumption that he and the other Evangelists | time. had kept regular journals daily, of what Jesus Christ both

Sce Univer. Hist. vol. ii. p. 408, and vol. x. said aud did ; as Patriarchs, Moses and the Prophets, had

p. 305. previously registered in a regular series all that had been spoken and visitly effected by the SHECHinah of the Old Testament.

See Modern Dictionary of Aris and Sciences, 5160. [- 29.] As to "the friend of the bridegroom,"

Articles Jesus Christ and St. Matthew. - ll - there were two at each wedding : one waited on the bride,
Also Josephus, Contra Apion, b. i. § 6. the other on the bridegroom : their business was to serve them,

to distribute to them gists, to coutinue with them during the
seven days of the marriage, to keep the marriage-contract,
aud aflerwards to reconcile differences between husband aud
wise when any took place.

See Dr. A. Clarke's Notes on John iii.

See uiso Burder's Oriental Customs, 5155. [John iji. 5. Except a man be born out of water

vol. i. p. 326.
&c.] The fetus then, that hath never breathed, cannot enter
heaven.

See Swedenborg's Principia, in the Ap-||
pendix to Paragraph xiii.

5161. [- 33.] The seals of the Hebrews were their names cut in a stone, which having dipped in bîstre, or some other kind of ink, they then, by way of their subscription, printed at the bottom of what they meant to testify.

Smith's MICHAELIS, vol. 1. p. 491. See No. 1226, 1240, 1243, 1200, 1311, 1091, 1236, 1354.

5166. [John iv. 11.) Many of the Guzerat wells have steps leading down to the surface of the water, others have not ; nor do I recollect, says Forbes, any furnished with buckets and ropes for the convenience of a stranger; most travellers are therefore provided with them, and halcarras and religious pilgrims frequently carry a small brass pot, affixed to a long string for this purpose.

Oriental Memoirs, vol. ii. p. 332.

p. 308.

5162. (John iv. 4.) It was absolutely necessary for those 3167. [-- 12. Our father Jacob] The Samaritans that went quickly to Jerusalem, to pass through Samaria ; for might claim Jacob for their father by adoption, but not hy in that road you may, in three days' time, go from Galilee lineal descent. - When they saw the Jews in prosperity, to Jerusalem

JOSEPHUS says, they pretended to be allied to thein, deducJoseph. Life, $ 52. ing the series of their own descent froin the Patriarch Joseph,

and his sons Ephrain and Manasseh ; but when the Jews were depressed and in a low condition, he tells us, they then

disclaimed all relationship and affinity with them, professing 6163. [- 5.) Sychar, which signifies drunkard, was themselves to be, as they really were, originally Medes and a term of contempt given by Judah after the revolt of the Ten Persians. Tribes to Shechem, a strong place by nature, situated about

See Antiq. b.ix. ch xiv. § 3; b. x. ch. is. forty miles from Jerusalein : it was the metropolis of Jero

§ 7; b. xi. ch. viji. $ 6; and b.xij.ch.v. $5. boam's kingdom till the building of Samaria by Omri, and resumed that dignity a second time as soon as Samaria was destroyed by the Assyriaus. It stood about forty miles from Jerusalem, fifty-two from Jericho, and ten from Shiloh, near 5168. [- 14.] When a portion of carbonic acid, to Jacob's well.

sulphuretted hydrogen, or nitrous oxyde gas, is thrown up Univer. Hist. vol. iv. p. 19, and vol. x. || into a eudiometer tube of three-tenths of an inch diameter over

water; the water ascends and ahsorbs the gas with consider. able speed: if a small portion of common air be suddenly thrown up, it ascends to the other, and is commonly sepa

rated by a fina filin of water for a time. That instant the 5164. [- 6.] The Asiatics attached nobility only to two airs come into the above situation, the water suddenly places rendered illustrious by virtue. An aged tree, a well, ceases to ascend in the tube, but the film of water runs up a rock, objects of stability, appeared to them as alone adapted with great speed, enlarging the space below, and proportion. to perpetuate the memory of what was worthy of being remem ally diminishing that above, till it tiwally bursts. This seems bered. There is scarcely all over Asia an acre of land but to shew that the filin is a kind of sieve through which those what is dignified by a monument. The Greeks and Romans gases can easily pass but not common air. who issued out of it - as did all the other Nations of the

Dalton's Chem. Phil. part i. p. 203. World, and who did not remove far from it, imitated in part the customs of our first Fathers. But the other Nations wiso scattered theinselves over the rest of Europe, where they were long in an erratic state, and who withdrew from those 5169. — “During the exercise of thought,” says antient monuments of virtue, chose rather to look for them

SWEDENBORG, whose spiritual sight was open for twenty-nine in the posterity of their great men, and to see the living years, “ the material ideas of such thought have appeared images of them in their children. This is the reason proba as it were (floating) in the midst of a kind of wave; and it bly, why the Asiatics, comparatively, have no Noblesse, and was observed that this wave was nothing else but such things the Europeans uo monuments.

as were adjoined to that subject in the memory; and that St. Pierre's Studies of Nature, thereby the full thought appears to spirits : but that, on dol. ill. p. 127.

such occasion, nothing else comes to man's apprehension than what is in the midst, and appeared as material. I likened that surrounding wave to spiritual wings, by which

the thing thought of is elevated out of the memory: – The 5165. [- 11.] In the East many wells, says spiritual speak sonorously, injecting the all of their thought Niebuhr, were from a hundred and sixty to a hundred and into speech. Hence their thought, in order to be known, seventy feet deep.

inust be collected from their expressions. But the celestial Trav. vol. i. p. 268. I do not so. What is of their will folds itself by somewhat of

thought into what is like a wave, affecting and moving the 11 5174. [John iv. 25, 26.] The Tribes of Israel are no will of another according to the state of the subject.

longer to be enquired alter. The Israelites themselves know Arcana, un. 6200, 8733 not with certainty from what families they are descended.

Judah was selected as the tribe from which the Messiah should come: and behold, the Jews know nol which of them are

of the tribe of Judah. -- This, against the Jews, is an irre5170. [Johniv. 20.] There was a temple built on Gerizim 1 fragable arguinent that their Messiah is come; and that He long before the time of Alexander. — Probably, say the au- 1 cannot now be expected, as His genealogy could not be traced thor's of Univer. Hist., when the Jews had incurred the dis- ll to the stem of David. pleasure of Ochus, the Samaritans night then so far ingratiate

See Christian Researches in Asia, p. 234. themselves into the favor of that exasperaled prince, as ) obtain from him a yrant to build themselves this temple.

Sie vol. ix. p. 558. At the foot of mount Gerizim Abraham offered his first

5175. [ 3:2.) If our improved chemistry should sacrifice in the land of promise. Scc Deut. xi. 29.

ever discover the art of making sugar from fossile or aerial malter without the assistance of vegelation, food for animals would then become as plentiful as water, and they might live ufron the earth without preying on each other, as thick as

blades of grass, with no restraint to their numbers but the 5171. [- 21.) They who respect God in their lives

want of local room. and do no evil to their neighbour, love to be taught.

See Rom. xi. 24. Darwin's Temple of Nature, SWEDENBORG, on Divine Providence,

John xv. I, &c.

canto iv. l. 66. n. 263.

5172. [--- 23.] In idea abstract space, while you ul.

5176. [ 30.] The case here is the same as when terly deny a vacuum. Then think of the Divine love and the

one says: In the month of July it is winter in India, while Divine Wisdom, that they are the real essence wliere space is

another asserts that at that period it is summer. Both at abstracted and a vacuum denied. Again ; think of space, and

bottom are right; for ou the coast of Coromandel the summer you will perceive that the Divine Spirit, in the greatest and

begins in June; but on the coast of Malabar it does not smallest portions of space, is the same; for, in an essence

commence till October. During the latter month it is winter abstracted from spaće, there is not any degree great or small,

on the coast of Coromandel, whercits on the coast of Malabar but a sameness.

it begins so early as the loth of June. The one season, Ibid. on Divine Love, n. 81.

therefore, always commences on the east coast at the time when it ends on the western. --So necessary is it to reflect oil time, place and climate, and the particular circumstances under which a traveller or writer lived. -- Hence travellers

assert that, in the course of the year, in India, there are two 5173. -- The Father seeketh such to worship

sinners and two winters. him in the inward disposition of the soul to all virtue and

BARTOLOMEO, by Johnston, pp. 4, 81. holiness; and in the lifting up a pure mind in devout ad

Hence it appears that there was a difference of four months dresses to him alone. This is worshipping God in the spirit,

between the time of Harvest in Galilee and that of Samaria and having no confidence in the nesh, that is in any outward ordinances only. Worshipping him in truth is, not only

where Christ now was. serving him in the substance of all that was shadowed in types and ceremonies; but in the purity and holiness of the mind and conscience. This is worshipping in truth and sin

5177. - A heat of sixty degrees, at least, seems cerity; and this is opposed also to that outward discharge

necessary for the growth and maturity of corn. , even of moral duties which proceeds only from fear, or any

DALTON's Essays, p. 131. undue motive; but is still agamst the habitual bent and inclination of the soul, and is therefore so far insincere and hypocrital. This is that inward law written not with ink, but witin the Spirit of the living God; not in tables of stone, as the moral law was, but in fleshly tables of the heart; our sufficiency for which is of God, and from the inward assistance of his Holy Spirit.

5178. (John v. 2.] This pool looked wonderfully red, as Bp. BROWNE's Procedure of the Under- ll it were with bloody waters. standing, p. 313.

St. Jerome.

Undoubtedly, because the blood of the grapes, poured || on that day, according to our diagram, was full upon him, out at the foot of the altar, ran into it by a covered drain. U empowering him to speak and to act wholly from God the Consequently, at the time libations of wine were at the altar Creator. poured into the subterraneous current, the water in the pool Verse 26, &c.] The Son includes in Himself all the living was troubled, or put in commotion by what was thus sent

ideas that by efflux constitute the various objects of creation : down into it. Compare Ecclus. I. 15, with Ezek. xlvij. I.

the Father interiorly filis and perfects them with an expandVerse 3.] Waiting for the fermenting of the water. See | ing and vital energy. Gen. ix. 3. -12 And the Spirit of God on the surface of the waters, caused a fermentation. Bethesda] It is a great square profundity, green and

5181. [John v. 17. My Father works] Thal is, on the uneven at the bottom : into which a barren spring doth drill

sabbath. The bare suspension of the divine energy but for a between the stones of the north ward wall; and steals away

moment would cause the instaritaneous dissolution of all worlds, almost undiscovered. The place is for a good depth hewn out

and the tumultuous extinction of all, who inhabit them. of the rock; confined above (or upon that rock) on the north

Works of Sir W. Jones, vol. iii. side, with a steep wall, on the west with high buildings, and

p. 38. on the south with the wall of the court of the temple.

Sandys, Good Friday, 1611. On the 9th April, 1696, we went to take a view of what

5182. [- 39.] Our Bible is our best book ; the only is now called the pool of Bethesda, which is 120 paces long,

one, that can afford true and solid satisfaction. It satisfies ; 10 broad, and 8 deep: at the west end are some old arches,

yet never satiates. The deeper it is searched, the more it now dammed up, which, though there are but three in num

pleases. It ever contains new and hid treasures : on the openber, some will have to be the five porches in which sat the

ing of which, there continually springs up in the mind a fresh lame, halt and blind.

pleasure, a renewed desire. MAUNDRELL.

Reflections on Learning, p. 283. Verse 4.] Many things concurred, says the learned Gro See No. 1233, 1229. TIUS, that this should not be thought any natural kind of healing by the water. Omitting other circumstances, “I couceive,” says Sir Norton KNATCHBULI, “ this alone to be argument enough, that none was healed but he who first stepped in after the troubling of the walers. If the cure had been by a natural cause, why,” he asks, '" were not more 5183. [John vi. l) Herod the tetrarch, lo testify his grahealed than one at the same time?”

tilude to Tiberius, who honoured him with his friendship, chose out an agreeable place on the borders of the lake called Genesareth, and there he built a city which he called

Tiberias. 5179. [John v. 4.] That there is, in the water of Lough

Josernus' Antig. b. xviii, c. 2. $3. Neagh in Ireland, which preserves wood sound and entire for When Augustus adopted Tiberius, he solemnly declared on centuries, some peculiarly healing quality, is certain; but ll oath, that he was prompted thereto by no other motive than whether diffused through all parts, is not koown, nor pre that of the public welfare, and often commended bim in his tended. There is a certain bay in it, called the fishing-bay, letters as the ouly stay and support of the Roman people. which is in great repute for curing the evil, running sores, Tiberius was of the patrician family of the Claudii, both rheumatism, &c. Many come there, having running sores, by the father's side, who was descended from Tiberius Nero, and are cured after a little time. Great crowds come there on the son of Appius Caccus, and by the mother's, who was Midsummer-Eve, of all sorts of sick ; even sick cattle are the daughter of Appius Pulcher, brother to the said Tiberius brought, and driven into the water for their cure; and people Nero. He was also allied to the family of the Livii, by the believe they receive benefit. I know, says FRANCIS NEVILL ll adoption of his mother's grandfather. Esq., it dries up running sores, and cures the rhenmatism,

See Univer. Ilist. vol. xiii. pp. 382, 402. but not with once bathing as people now use it, and the drinking the water I am told will stop the qux. Abs. Phil. Trans. of R. S. vol. vi. p. 68. 5184.

1 7 . Two hundred penny-worth of bread) Oor denarius being seven pence three farthings, two hundred would amount to six pounds, nine shillings, and two-pence.

5180. - 16.] Jesus performed all his miracles, we find, on the sabbath day. In this sense it was true, as the Jews say, that he did them " by the Name Jehovah,” which

5185. - 14. That prophet] Like to Moses, particularly in feeding the people ipiraculously, as Moses did their

forefathers in the wilderness. On this account they were for making him a king, that he might lead them forth from onder the tyranny of the Romans in Palestine, as their father's had been delivered from Egyptian bondage by him who was king in Jeshurun, when the heads of the people and the tribes of Israel were gathered together ; Deut. xxxiii. 5.

1 act of seeing is mine. So believing is the act of the crea

ture; if it were not so, why should we be commanded to believe, and condemned for unbelief, or not believing ? Rom. x. 10.

Dodd. Sce No. 1106, 1194, 1104, 1102, 1109, 1107, 1103, 1203.

5191. [John vii. 17.] Thus, a disposition is required as well in the eye of the soul, as in the object proposed, to make a man discern the origin and excellency of what is taught.

Boyle, on the Style of the Holy Scrip

tures, p. 236.

5186. (John vi. 27. Ilim has God the Father sealed] Assumed and impressed with his image in the New Christian Heaven, which is around our earth. – The Egyptian priest, says HERODOTUS, having found a perfectly white bull as an appropriate victim, ties a label to his horns ; then having applied wax, he seals it with his ring, it being unlawful to sacrifice what has not been marked with such a seal.

Sce Euterpe, 6.ii. p. 117. In Egypt, the Jews bave one particular custom : as they were afraid in the times of Paganism, to drink wine offered to idols, it was usual to have all the wive they drank made by their own people, and sealed up to be sent to them; and this custoin they still observe in all the eastern parts.

Pococke's Trav. in Egypt. - Pinker

ton's Coll. purt Isi. p.312.

5192. [ 52. Out of Galilee ariseth no prophet] As the prophet Jonah was a native of Gathepher, a town in the tribe of Zebulun in Galilee, these men must have been either very ignorant or very perverse to have affirmed such a palpable falsehood.

See Univer. Hist. dol. x. p. 348. Out of Galilee arises not the Prophet.

BOWYER.

5187. [ 30 — 63.) The chronology of the Gospels sufficiently proves, that our Lord spoke these words in one of the synagogues of Capernaum, at least twelve months before the institution of the Eucharist. Nor has it any reference whatever to that ordinance (but to the manna, as representing himself).

Dr. A. CLARKE, on the Eucharist,

p. 114.

5193. [John viii. 4.) This woman has been con vieted of adultery, on her own evidence; rather, fornicating with an Idol, a stumbling block, directly before her eyes, Red. ji. 14. See No. 593.

See Sir Norton KnATCHBULL. Hivdoo females, from educational tenels and custom of caste, have been (invariably) taught that no sacrifice, no religious rite, no fasting, is allowed to women (wives] apart from their husbands.

See Forbes' Oriental Memoirs, vol. iv.

p. 312,

6188. (- 44.] Virgil frequently employs the word father, as synonymous with good.

See $t. Pierre's Studies of Nature, vol. iv. p. 47. Verse 53.) See No. 955, 962, 1102, 1109,

5189. [ 63.] Words in no language can be of any value as sounds : the sun and moon have just the same nature and operation, whatever be the letters and the sounds of their respective names.

After Origen and Jerome, all traces of Hebrew learning perished.

Rev. RICHARD CLARKE,

5194. [--- 7. Ile that is without the sin, let him first cast a stone against her] The Jewish councils or sanhedrims were of two sorts, the inferior consisting of twenty-three, and the greater one of seventy-two persons : the latter being emphatically called the grand sauledrim. Of the inferior sort There was one in every city, and two at Jerusalem, where there was a greater concourse of people and business. The grand one sat only at Jerusalem, and had a place appropriated to them in the temple.

Univer. Hist. vol. x. p. 120.
A custom was of old, and still remains,
Which life or death by suffrages ordains :
White stones and black, within an uru are cast:

The first absolve, but fale is in the last.
See No. 665, 674. Ovid's Metamorphoses, b. xv. l. 55.

5190. [- 69.] Some people suppose that faith and believing are synonymous expressions, with one and the same meaning ; but I think they are different, and that believing is the act of faith, the same as seeing is the act of sight. I cannot see without sight; God gives me sight, but the

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