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THE FIRST EPISTLE OF PAUL, THE APOSTLE,

TO THE

Thessalonians.

I HIS is the First of all Paul's Epistles, and the third, 1 heaven ; and consequently, that MEN THERE SHALL KNOW if not the second, or first of the Books and Writings of || ONE ANOTHER. he New Testament.

Boyle's Martyrdom of Theodora, p. 114. ECHARD.

5721.

v. 23.] And the very God of peace 5720. j. 19, 20.] The Apostle here tells his sanctify you entirely in every part : and may the whole Thessalonian brethren, they shall be his joy and crown, of you; the spirit, and the soul, and the body, be before their common Lord at His appearing : To the truth preserved blameless to the coming of our Lord Jesus of which it seems requisite, that preachers and their con- || Christ. verts shall be quickly known at that great appearance, and

Bp. Browne's Procedure of the Underassembly of the first-born, whose names are written in See No. 1276. standing, p. 353.

THE SECOND EPISTLE OF PAUL, THE APOSTLE,

TO THE

Thessalonians.

ARE not the rays emitted by all kinds of luminous || 5725. ( ii. 11.] An Arabian, who may be an exact bodies, asks Mr. Melville, similar to those of the sun, both calculator, an ingenious chemist, and a good astronomer, as to color and degrees of refrangibility ? and do not lumin believes nevertheless that Mahomet could put one-half of the ous bodies differ from one another only according to the moon in his sleeve. Wherefore is it that he is superior to colors which they emit most plentifully ; in like manner as mere common sense in judging of these three sciences, and opaque bodies are distinguished by the culors of incident inferior to it in his conception of the half-moon in Mahomet's light, which they reflect in the greatest abundance.

sleeve ? In the first place, he sees with his own eyes, and Verse 10. PRIESTLEY, on Vision, p. 759. judges with his own understanding ; in the second, he sees

with the eyes of others, shutting bis own, and perverting that understanding which God gave him.

VOLTAIRE.

6723. - ii. 2. Be not Troubled by letter, as from us] by an Epistle forged in his vame. To prevent which in future, he tells them in conclusion, that every genuine Epistle would be signed with his own hand.

5726.

Many Jewish stories, says HUTCHINSON, are as stupid as that of Patrick the Irish saint, who, after his head was cut off, swam over the sea with it in his teeth!

See Covenant in the Cherubim, from p. 169.

to p. 187.

5724. 1 4,8.] This 'man of sin’ was undoubtedly the statue of Jupiter Olympus, set up by the Romans in the most holy place of the Temple on earth. Its reflected image, as seen in the reflected Temple exhibited in the World of Spirits, the Paradise in the spheres above and around our Earth, is what the LORD, at the approaching judgment of the Jewish Church, when those spheres should be purified till all the earthly images reflected by them should vanish, would then consume with the spirit of his mouth, and destroy with the brightness of his coming. — For a similar dispersion or dissolution, at a former Judgment, See Ps. lxxv. 3. - lxxvi. 8, 9.

5727. ( iii. 2. Unreasonable and wicked men] Simon Magus, Menander, &c.

5728. 1 7. The salutation of Paul with mine I own hand] Paul then does not pretend to have written the

whole Epistle : it was probably written by Luke.

THE FIRST EPISTLE OF PAUL, THE APOSTLE,

TO

TO

Timothy.

1 HIS (Paul's Twelfth) Epistle, to Timothy Bishop of Il circumstance from antiquity, we must not lose sight of two Ephesus, was written in the year 65.

important facts ; namely, that Asia has been the cradle, as it were, of the sciences; and Greece, the cradle of poetry. From this single consideration a thousand consequences will

naturally flow. The poets, the first amongst the Greeks who 5730. [- i. 1.] Eichorn, in the seventh volume of enjoyed the knowledge of any thing, have arranged, as well his Kritische Schriften, has endeavoured to shew that the as they possibly could, all the materials which they were able Epistles to Timothy and Titus have received an erroneous to collect, from the sentiments of the Phenicians and Egypsuperscription or introduction, and were not written by Paul tians, relative to the origin of the world, and the genera. himself. — Mareion's Apostolicon did not contain these epis tion of gods ; but these 'poets forged many new fables, tles, which renders it nearly certain that the superscription which they mixed with the antient fables, and particularly is of later date than his era. These epistles moreover imply laboured at attempts to circulate delusive accounts concerntwo imprisonments of the author ; historically we know but 1! ing the origin of the Greeks ; an origin for which they of one imprisonment of St. Paul.

blushed to have been indebted to merchants, or a people of The second, third, fourth, fifth, and sixth chaplers of this slaves. Amidst these poets, Homer quickly obtained the first of Timothy, describe (it is argued) a more advanced first rank. He composed so many tales, and spoke of such stage of church-government than is likely to have been a multitude of things, that his books, in this respect, like the brooght to bear in the time of Paul; perhaps however, these Koran, were of themselves sufficient to found a religion. chapters only constitute the after-addition.

Aud yet the oracle of Delphos, another poet, Lycurgus, who See Month. Mag. for March 1815, made metrical laws, pretending indeed that they were dic. . p. 143,

tated by Apollo, but which he had stolen from the Cretans, Hesiod, and many others, began to form, from a very small number of acquired intelligences, and from a very great

number of ingenious conjectures, a monstrous and gigantic 5731. [ 4. Neither give heed to fables and end

scaffolding of materials. less genealogies] Alluding probably, in part, to Manetho's

From all these poems, and all

these oracles, arose a particular language, styled muthos Book of the Jews ; which JOSEPRUS refules in his first

(Grk.), in opposition to logos, which was the language of Book against Apion, as filled with fabulous accounts.

reason, and which did not prevail until some time afterwards. But the muthos maintained its ground during whole ages;

and as the poets had continually treated of the most inter5732. “Would we, in general, comprehend some l esting subjects, such as the origin of republics, the principles

of legislation, the rights of inagistracy, the limits of states, l of Moses; and if the wife of a clergy man, particularly of a
&c. poetry, or fable, or, if it be a more proper expression, bishop, died before him, he was never allowed to take
religion, becaine, as it were, the general repository of another.
archives, and the titles of the nubility of republics. Proin See No. 5766. Dr. W. ALEXAnder's Hist. of Women,
thence sprang the obligation which united polity with religion,

vol. ii. pp. 250, 292.
and the necessity which preserved tenets and ceremonies.”

· ChateLLUR.

5738. [1 Tim. v. 3, 9.] The antient Germans were so strict

monogamists, that they reckoned it a species of polygamy
5733. (1 Tim. i. 11. The blessed God] The happy God. for a woman to marry a second husband, even after the death
See ch. vi. 15.

of the first. “A woman', said they, 'has but one life, and
Boyle. one body, therefore should have but one husband'; and be-

sides, they added, she who knows she is never to have a

second busband, will the more value and endeavour to promote
5734. [- 13.) Ignorance, as we have it by vature,

the happiness and preserve the life of the first.”
is as necessary to truth as shade is to light; out of the first

Ibid. p. 215.
the harmonies of intellect are formed, as out of the second
are compounded those of our vision. — But error, the work of
man, is like the light of a conflagration which consumes the

5739. [- 8.] “ more will be done for the happiness
habitations that it glaringly illumes.

of the poor by inuring them to provide for themselves, than
St. Pierre, Works, vol. iv. p. 505.

could be done by dividing all the estates in the kingdom
among them.

FRANKLIN.

6735. [1 Tim. iii. 6. The devil], an accuser of crimes in
the civil court; as a Satan was an accuser of heresy, blas. 5740. [ 12. They have cast of their first faitk]
phemy, &c. in the ecclesiastical court.

Athetein pistin is a pure Greek phrase, used also by Poly-
bius and Diodorus Siculus. It here seems to refer to the
widows' violating their former engagement to the church,
that they would not abuse ils alms.

PARKHURST's Lexicon.
5736. [1 Tim. iv. 3.] The first Council under Imperial || Having condemnation, because they have abolished the
power endeavoured to introduce into the Church of Christ first fuith] Faith is the keeping of a covenant : here, the
This great mark of Antichrist, by forbidding the Clergy to covenant of marriage ; elsewhere, the new covenant, the
marry. The fifth general Council, in the year 553, was in Gospel.
this respect so infamous in the opinion of the First Re-
formers, that its canons and authority 'were utterly rejected.
- Had every preceding Council, up to the first of Nice, been

|| 5741. - 18.] With the Greeks, the participle is
cancelled at the same time, it would have been a happy cir-

frequently put for the Infinitives, after verbs that signify
cumstance for the peace and union of the Christian Church.

affection of mind : as Memnemai idon, memini vidisse, I
RICHARD CLARKE.
remember to have seen.

KNATCHBULL.

-

5742. [ 15. Some are already turned aside after
a Satan], an adversary of the Church. Probably Nicolas,
the Father of the Nicolaitaus, who encouraged his followers
in all uncleanness.

6737. [1 Tim. v. 3, 9.] So scrupulous were the Greeks
about second marriages, that Charouidas excluded all those
from the public councils of the state, who had children, and
married a second wife. 'It is impossible', said he, 'that a
man can advise well for his country, who does not consult
the good of his own family: he whose first marriage has
been happy, ought to rest satisfied with that happiness ; if
unhappy, he must be out of his senses to risk being so
again'.

After the introduction of the Christian religion, the clergy
were in marriage restricted by almost the same laws as those

6743. [- 23. Use a lilile wine] The pure (unfer.
mented) blood of the grape ; Deut. xxxii, 14.

5744. (I Tim. vi. 10.] The American Indians, when made angle more and more acute as it is moved towards the axis : acquainted with the uses to which money is applied by other || about 34 degrees from the equator it makes a right angle, nations, consider it as the source of innumerable evils. To from thence it continues to be recto major, till it come to the it they attribute all the mischiefs that are prevalent among pole itself, where it stands perpendicular.- From this exEuropeans, such as treachery, plundering, devastations, and periment the Doctor gathers, that our terraqueous globe posmurder.

sesses a magnetie virtue, which is communicated from its Carver's Trad. in N. America, p. 158. centre to both its poles by meridional projection ; that it is Riches however become evils, only when pursued with too

also impressed and attached by a magnetic (solar] virtue, in much eagerness, or when applied to improper uses.

the juncture of which it may be said, as it were to hang upon Nat. Delin. vol iii. p. 210.

nothing (Job xxvi. 7): but as it was not knowy in his day, that light and the magnetic fluid are identical, – that the magnetic fluid is two-fold, and that in all probability the

stronger magnetic predominates in and around the earth's 5745. ( 14, 15, 16.] It is here expressly said that northern hemisphere ; it was impossible that he should see He whom no man has seen, nor can see — that is, Gon, the necessity of admitting two distinct sources of light, one will shew the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ: in the natural sun, the other in that luminous region pointed Undoubtedly, as the Sun shews its appearwg, or apparent out by Huygens and Herschel; and that under the influence Image, in our atmosphere. — In this sense, Jesus Christ is and attractiou of these centrifugal and centripetal forces, are VERY GOD, the PERSONAL MANIFESTATION of the ETERNAL produced in our planet all the motions, phenomena, and effects, FATHER. See John xiv. 9.

that are either visible or invisible.

Ibid. pp. 54 — 56.

5746. [- 16.] Thus the special presence of God, says Dr. GregORY, ever was and is acknowledged to be in that part of the heaven of heavens which answers to the equinoctial' east, where the sun rises in the month Nisan, directly over the Holy Land. In this sense, he coutënds, Moses is to be understood, when he asserts, that the garden of Eden was planted towards the east, and seems fully convinced that the sanctum sanctorum of this Mother Church, the recess in the midst of the garden where stood the Tree of life, pointed toward that part of heaven where the sun rises at the beginning of March. And on this account, he tells us out of the Arabic Calena (MS. c. 35 in Genes.), that from Adam to Abraham's time, during an interval of 3328 years, all true worshippers turned invariably towards that eastern point in the heavens.

See his Notes and Observations, pp. 71 - 89. In the Northern Hemisphere of our globe, we have more earth, more men, more stars, more day; and what is still more to our purpose, the North Pole is more magnetical than the South. This is proved by experiments made with a

Terrella, which is an artificial earth formed of loadstone. Its poles being discovered by the application of steel filings or otherwise, if a small wire be applied to its equinoctial parts, that wire will place itself on a meridian, and form an

5747. [i Tim. vi. 16.] The changes I have observed, says Dr. Jlerschel, in the great milky nebulosity of Orion, 23 years ago, and which have also been noticed by other astronomers, cannot permit us to look upon this phenomenon as arising from inmensely distant regions of fixed stars. Even Huygens, the discoverer of it, was already of opinion that, in viewing it, we saw, as it were, through an opening into a region of light (where undoubtedly stands the ANGELIC SÚN of our solar systein. Sce Ezek. i. 4).

Phil. Trans. 1802, part ii, p. 499. | Respesting Orion, twice mentioned in Job and once in

Amos, the Hebrew terın used in the three places, is cesil, so called froin the inconstancy of the weather at the astronomical ascension of this constellation : whence also the month of its ascendancy is called Cisleu,- the ninth month, on the 25th of which was the feast of the dedication, honoured with Jesus Christ's presence, John x. 22.

See Rab. BENJAMIN's Itinerary. N. B. The stars in Orion rise to the elevation of Chaldea, glittering on the equinoctial in the North and South parts of the heavens.

See Gregory's Assyrian Monarchy, p. 225.

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