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THE SECOND EPISTLE OF PAUL, THE APOSTLE,

TO

Timothy.

I HIS, Paul's Fourteenth and last Epistle, was written in 5751.

i i . 16.] The light of the sun, not that of a the year 67.

taper, is decompoundable by the prism.

Every physical and moral truth is the result of two contrary ideas. If, in decompounding such a truth, we confine

ourselves to one of its elementary ideas, as to a detached 5749. [ i. 9. The Christ, Jesus), the image of principle, and deduce consequences from it, we shall convert God, whence we have the Spirit, in like manner as we have Il it into a source of endless disputation ; for the other elemenheat and light from the image of the sun at the top of our || tary idea will abundantly supply consequences, diametrically watery atmosphere.

opposite, to the person who is disposed to pursue them; and these consequences are themselves susceptible of contradictory decompositions, which go on without end. For example, if some one of our Reasoners, observing that cold had an influence on vegetation, should think proper to maintain that cold is the only cause of it, and that heat is even inimical to it,

he would take care no doubt to quote the efflorescences and 5750. [ ii. 5.) At the Nemean games in Achaia,

the vegetations of ice, the growth, the verdure, and the flowa garland of parsley was the victor's reward ; doubtless, be

ering of mosses in Winter; plants burnt up by the heat of cause it always preserves its verdure. You have an account

the sun in Summer, and many other effects relative to his of these games in Ausonius: .

thesis. But his antagonist, availing himself, on his side, of Quatuor antiquos celebravit Achaia ludos,

the influences of spring, and of the ravages of Winter, would Cælicolum duo sunt, et duo festa hominum,

clearly demons!rate that heal alone gives life to the vegetable Sacra Jovis, Phæbique, Palæmonis, Archemorique : world. Yet the truth is, after all, that heat and cold comSerta quibus pinus, malus, oliva, apium. '

bined form one of the principles of vegetation, not only in

Aus. de Lustral. Agon. temperate climates, but to the very heart of the Torrid Zone.Greece, in four games thy martial youth were train’d; Every thing, except God, being thus composed of contraries, For heroes two, and two for gods ordaiu’d:

whoever affirms a simple propositiou is only half right, as Jove bade the olive round his victor wave;

the contrary proposition has equally an existence in nature. Phæbus to his an apple-garland gave:

St. Pierre's Studies of Nature, The pine, Palæmon; nor with less renown,

vol. ii. p. 140. Archemorus conferr'd the parsley-crown.

Addison, on Medals, p. 153. '!

5752. [2 Tim. iii. 3.) The number of foundlings in Paris 5760. [2 Tim. iv. :3.] In the reign of Edward the First, the amounts one year with another to six or seven thousand; wage of a labouring man was three halfpence a-day. In whereas the number of children, not abandoned by their 1274, the price of a Bible, fairly written, with a Commenparents, does not exceed in that great city fourteen or fifteen tary, was Thirty Pounds! That precious Volume, which thousand.

may now be bought for one day's pay, it would then have cost St. Pierre's Studies of Nature, dol. i. p. 367. more than 13 years' labor to procure. — In 1240, the build

ing of the two Arches of London Bridge cost but £25; five

less than the value of the Bible. 6953. [ 7.] “ It may sound oddly, but it is true in

Public Prints. many cases, that if men had learned less, their way to knowledge would be shorter and easier. It is indeed shorter and casier to proceed from ignorance to knowledge, than from 5761.

The Tandals, in their destruction of the error. They who are in the last, must unlearn, before they | Roman Empire, commenced the most relentless warfare on can learn to any good purpose : and the first part of this literature, to prevent it from handing to posterity a catalogue double task is not, in many respects, the least difficult; for of their own crimes, and the knowledge of those refined arts which reason it is seldom undertaken.”

and acquirements which had rendered so illustrious the name BOLINGBROKE. of the people they were seeking to destroy.

5754.

1 8 . Jannes and Jambres) See Pliny's Natural History, lib. xxx, 1.

5762. [- 14. The Lord reward him] Apodosei (Grk.) will reward. The King's NS. CHRYSOSTOM, TAE

ODORET, ECUMENIUS, and THEOPHYLACT. 5766. - 11.] In 105, Octr. 22d, by thunder,

See Bib. Research. vol. ii. p. 86. lightning, and earthquake, almost all the houses in Antioch were demolished.

Dion. Cass.

5763. [- 21. Claudia), the wife of Pudens, the third

British Christian. . 5756. ( 16.) The whole scripture is divinely in

Claudia, a Christian convert at the date of this Epistle 65, spired, and profitable for doctrine, for conviction, for is with good reasou thought to be the same identical Claudia correction, &c.

so much celebrated by the poet MARTIAL for her beauty and Boyle, on the Style of the Holy virtue ; and who is by him described as being both the wife . Scriptures, p. 78.

of Pudens and a Briton.

See Martial, lib. v. epigram 13; and lib. xi.

epigram 54. Report says, there is in existence an old manuscript Welch

chronicle of events, which attributes the introduction of Chris5757. [2 Tim. iv. 13.) The chest (rather, knapsack) of books, which I left at Troas, bring with thee.

tianity into Britain to Charactaciis (or Charadoc) the British See Essay for a New Translation, part ii. p. 207.

General, who was taken prisoner A. D. 50, and carried to

Rome, where he appeared before Claudius, with a deportment W aud dignity which commanded the admiration of all present.

Editor of CALMET. 5758. Especially the parchments] In the city of Pergamos, in Lesser Phrygia parchment was invented, and

Mr. King, io vol. ij. of his Munimenta Antiqua, observes therefore originally called Pergamentum, which name was

that “probably Aulus Plautius, the Pretor, who was sent into afterwards corrupted into parchment.

Britain by the emperor Claudius, as the very first governor of the province in this island,' was the commipander who laid the first stone here (Richborough iu Kent) about the year 43;

that very Aulus Plautius, whose celebraled wife, Pomponia 5759.

The art of writing has prevailed on our Grecina, was one of the very first persons in Rone accused of earth from the most antient time, first on the rind or bark having embraced Christianity; and who, having been tried, of trees, next on skins or parchment, afterwards on paper, according to the Roman laws, for so embracing a strange and lastly by types as in printing. This was provided by foreigu superstition, was pronounced honourably to be ionocent the LORD on account of His Word.

of any thing inmoral. SWEDENBORG, Arcana, n. 9353.

See Taciti Annales, lib. xiii. c. 32.

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THE EPISTLE OF PAUL, THE APOSTLE,

то

Philemon.

1 HIS, Paul's Ninth Epistle, was written and sent along ll reason why those who before were their parents, are now with the Epistle to the Colossians.

no longer so."

: 5773. [- -- 10.] Onesimus, always a bad servant, at 5771. [ 5.] Hearing of the faith which thou hast length robbed Philemon his master, and fled to Rome ; where towards the Lord Jesus, and of thy charity to all saints. by Paul's endeavours being converted, instructed and baptized,

GERHARD; and GLASSTUS. - Essay for a || he became remarkably pious, and extremely serviceable to the
New Translation, p. 78.
Apostle in his imprisonment, &c.

ECHARD. 'N. B. Charity towards Jesus Christ, is an absurdity.

5774

23.] Epaphras having been the chief in5772. ( 10.) “A Gentile,” says MAIMONIDES, li structor of the Colossians; and, being then a prisoner with " who is become a proselyte, and a slave who is set at | Paul at Rome, had given him an account of their conversion, liberty, are both as it were new-born babes: which is the ll and mutual love in the spirit.

THE EPISTLE OF PAUL, THE APOSTLE,

TO THE

Hebrews.

1 HIS is Paul's Eleventh Epistle.

which the Creator has distributed in that part of the universe, It is probable, that the race of those who crucified the are as numberless as the sands on the sea-shore. Messiah were extirpated root and branch in the general des See No. 1331, 1324.

Nat. Delin, vol. iji. p. 329. truction, but that the Jews who lived in Rome at the time of

The worlds] The ages, in the Greek. our Saviour's crucifixion, and those who were scattered among the nations to whom the Apostle directs this Epistle, were the progenitors of these now alive.

The Case of the Jeu's, p. 18. 5778. 1 i. 2.] What tbese worlds are, might as This Epistle seems now, by common consent, to be

well be left oodetermined, God having thought fit to say

little of them, and having placed them beyond our reach. ascribed, not to Paul, but to Apollos, -as are also, by some,

Yet Hedelius has given us the Geography of the Moon, and the five chapters of the first of Timothy. See Month. Mag. for March 1815, p. 143.

has marked out every mountain and valley, sea and river, as exactly as if he had been there, in his accurate Map of that World. - Ricciolus has gone a little farther, assigning

every Astronomer his proportion of ground : You may there 5776. [ i. 1, &c.] The Deity, say the Hindoos,

meet with the Land of Copernicus, Galilæus, Keplar; and has appeared innumerable times, in many parts of this world

of the modest Ricciolus, quartering himself on the best and and of all worlds, for the salvation of his creatures; and

most conspicuous spot of ground in that world! though we adore him in one appearance, and they in others,

Reflections on Learning, p. 110. yet we adore, they say, the same God, to whom our several worships, though different in form, are equally acceptable, if they be sincere in substance.

5779. (- 14.] There are continually attendant on Works of Sir W. Jones, vol. i. p. 279.

man evil spirits, and also angels. By the spirits he has communication with the hells, and by the angels with the heavens (that are both more immediately around our earth).

If those spirits and angels were to be removed from him, he 6777. 1 2 .) If the fixed stars be actually so many

would be in an instant without the power of willing and thinkSuds, which give light to a variety of other worlds, while they

ing, consequently without life. beantify ours; if the Milky Way be, as our telescopes assure

SWEDENBORG, Arcana, n. 2887. us, an assemblage of suns, which lie at a still greater distance ; we may boldly assert, that the planets or worlds ||

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