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SENSIBLE COOKING. — The Norwegian felted |“ cooking-depots,” or dining-halls, has been boxes now on sale in Duke-street, Grosvenor successfully invented by Mr. Corbett at Glas square, deserve notice. When a leg of mutton gow, and naturalized at Manchester and other is to be boilel, instead of its being kept on the towns, but has hitherto no counterpart in Lonfire for three or four hours (on the good old don. The metropolis is scandalously ill-fed, and English method, which wastes fuel and hardens there are no reasons but those disreputable bug. the meat), it is sufficient to keep it boiling for bears ignorance and sloth, why not only Paris, only ten minutes; and when it has been boiled but even Glasgow and Manchester, are better for that time, the fire is no longer needed, but off than London in respect of arrangements for the siucepan containing the meat is to be in- feeding the people. It is not the " working closed in the felted box till three or four hours classes” alone that need commissariat reforms; later, when dinner-time arrives. The heat in the feeding of the whole tribe of middle-class the saucepan is prevented from escaping, as it tradespeople and small professionals is deplorcannot pass through the non-conducting felt, able; and Mr. Riddle's proposal that cooked and the process of cooking therefore goes on food, hot, in metal cases, should be delivered by gently for hours with no new application of heat. express carts daily at houses where the cooking A leg of mutton eaten by the Food Committee is arrangements might not be of the best, and the stated to have been quite hot three hours and a time of Materfamilias is engrossed by the chilhalf after it was taken from the fire and inclosed dren or the shop, though not yet carried out, in the box, and something was said of another must have made many mouths water. leg which was brought from Paris to London in

Macmillan's Magazine. a Norwegian box without getting cold on the journey. Such boxes are coming into use for the luncheons of shooting parties and picnics, MR. LONGFELLOW IN FLORENCE. – The Florand of persons engaged in business. A gentleman takes with him to his office a small box ence correspondent of the London News, dewhich looks like an ordlinary despatch-box; but scribing the funeral service in that city in memit is a Norwegian feltei box, which he opens at ory of Rossini, tells this story of a compliment the time of his meal, and finds to contain hot to Henry W. Longfellow: – food. This ingenious contrivance is admirably “ The service finished at about one o'clock. suited to the wants of the poor. Every poor As I left the church, and while standing on the woman makes a fire in the morning to boil the fight of steps before descending into the Sants water for breakfast. That sume fire may suffice Croce square, my attention was arrested by the to commence the cooking of the good man's din- singularly engaging and intellectual countenance ner, and it may be kept hot for him, in one of of one who had likewise been present to hear the these cheap boxes, under the hedges, while he Requiem. A gentleman perhaps some sixty attends to his work, till the hour for his meal years of age, with silvery locks and beard, acarrives. Hot food is not only more palatable, companied by a lady, a youth, and two young but far more strengthening than cold food. girls, was gazing from the topmost step on the Captain Warren's “ Cooker,” which is patented crowd in the square as it flowed onwards past by Messrs. Adams, of the Haymarket, is an ad- the statue of Dante. Whilst watching with cumirable contrivance. The food in the patent riosity the human stream before him, he was saucepan, or “cooker,” is cooked by the heat himself an object of keen, undisguised, yet reof steam, but without any contact with it. spectful interest to a party of young AngloThere is therefore no dilution whatever, nor any Italian girls only a few steps off. I could over

When the meat is done, the meat and hear one saying to the rest, 'I am sure it must the gravy together are the ex:ct weight of the be he, he is so like the prints.' At length one raw joint. It is cooked in its own juices, so that of the young girls drew near to the lady acits full flavor is retained, and as the temperature companying the silver-haire 1 stranger, and said, does not rise quite to the boiling-point, the fibre Pray excuse the liberty, but is not that Mr. is not rendered hard and indigestible by exces- Longfellow?' To be sure it is,' was the reply. sive heat. The committee will doubtless use" Oh, I am so happy I have seen him!' was the great care and patience before judgment is pro- instant and spontaneous exclamation: "that really nounced respecting “the methods of cooking in is a treat; that is worth a great deal more than use among the working classes,” for the prob- the Requiem.' The young Anglo-Italian then lem is not how to denounce them as wasteful retreated to rejoin her own party, but her reand bad, but how best to improve them. How marks had been communicated both to the can the poor be provided with tolerable fireplaces American poet and to the two girls whom he was and implements of cooking ? One gentleman holding by the hand, and with a charming proposes that a society should be established to frankness they all came forward and spoke a few distribute iron pots among the poor; but though words of natural and simple courtesy; there was it would be a happy day that should introduce also a kind shake of the hand, facts which I the French pot au feu to the English poor, it is have little doubt will, throughout the whole to be feared that education must advance much lives of those to whom they were addressed, lend further among all classes before such a consum- a sweeter perfume to the verse of Evangeline mation can be accomplished. The system of and Hiawatha.”

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No. 1289. - February 13, 1869.

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CONTENTS. 1. THE MATERLALS OF THE UNIVERSE,

Frazer's Magazine, 2. HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF THE REIGN OF GEORGE II.

No. IX. The Philosopher (Bishop Berkeley), Blackwood's Magazine, . 3. PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS OF LORD BYRON,

Under the Crown, 4. THE COUNTRY-HOUSE ON THE RHINE.

Part XIII. By Berthold Auerbach. Translated from the German for the “ Living Age,”

Die Presse, 5. LETTICE LISLE. Part IV.,

Cornhill Magazine, 6. THE PROPOSED CONFERENCE,

Spectator, 7. A LION'S IDEAS OF MAN,

Spectator, 8. THE DEVIL TURNED PRECISIAN,

The Leader, 9. THE AMERICAN AMBASSADOR,

The Leader, 10. NOTES ON PAIN,

People's Magazine,

POETRY. IN AN OLD CHURCH,

386 | LINES BY LADY NAIRN ON HER SEVENTY. IF WE KNEW,

386 FIFTH BIRTHDAY, THE HAIRDRESSER'S REMONSTRANCE, 386 Hush,

SHORT ARTICLES. Suez CANAL, .

386 | THE SEVEN CHURCHES OF Asia, A SELECTION FROM THE WORKS OF DEAN CAN A CHIMNEY-SWEEP CLAIM TO BE CARSWIFT,

394 RIED AS A PASSENGER ? THE QUEEN'S BOOK

415

421 430 440 441 444 446 448

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429 448

420

489

PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION AT THIS OFFICE: HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF THE REIGN_OF GEORGE II. These very interesting and

valuable sketches of Queen Caroline, Sir_Robert Walpole, Lord Chesterfield, Lady Mary Wortley Montague, The Young Chevalier, Pope, John Wesley, and other celebrated characters of the time of George II., several of which have already appeared in the LIVING AGE, reprinted

from Blackwood's Magazine, will be issued from this office, in book form, as soon as completed. A HOUSE OF CARDS. LETTICE LISLE.

PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY

LITTELL & GAY, BOSTON.

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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. FOR EIGHT DOLLARA, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGE will be punctually for. warded for a year, free of postage. But we do not prepay postage on less than a year, nor where we have to pay commission for forwarding the money.

Price of the First Series, in Cloth, 36 volumes, 90 dollars.
Second "

20

50 Third

32

80 The Complete Work,

100

250 Any Volume Bound, 3 dollars ; Unbound, 2 dollars. The sets, or volumes, will be sent at the expense of the publishers.

PREMIUMS FOR CLUBS. For 5 new subscribers (840.), a sixth copy; or a set of HORNE'S INTRODUCTION TO THE BIBLE, un. abridged, in 4 large volumes, cloth, price sio ; or any 5 of the back volumes of the LIVING AGE, in numbers, price $10.

IN AN OLD CHURCH.

As when winter's snowy pinions
THROUGH the chancel, quaint and olden,

Shake the white down in the air !
Streamed the evening sunlight golden,
Firing purple pulpit-stair,

Lips from which the seal of silence
And the aged preacher there.

None but God can roll away,

Never blossomed in such beauty Sweet the solemn anthem soared,

As adorns the mouth to-day ;

And sweet words that freight our memory, Note on note, and word on word, Ringing through the long defiles

With their beautiful perfume,

Come to us in sweeter accents
Of the dim and ancient aisles.

Through the portals of the tomb.
And upon its calm surcease,
All the air, with inbreathed peace,

Let us gather up the sunbeams
Seemed to gather force, and sway

Lying all around our path ; Through the temple, either way.

Let us keep the wheat and roses,

Casting out the thorns and chaff; And the preacher's tones at length

Let us find our sweetest comfort Rolled in circuit, gathering strength,

In the blessings of today, Swelled around the lofty nave,

With a patient hand removing

All the briars from our way. Like a sea-hymn in a cave.

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From Fraser's Magazine. a hundred substances — each a compound THE MATERIALS OF THE UNIVERSE.

in itself. From the chemists, who are the To some of our readers the title of this only authorities upon this subject, we learn paper might seem to involve a degree of that there are about 62 elements at present assumption; to others, a want of sense. known, of which 49 are metals, 8 subWe hope to prove, in a short time, that it stances with an individual character of does not justly incur either imputation. their own, which does not admit of their As to want of sense though even in sci- being ranked with the preceding, and 5 entific matters traces may occasionally be gases. Such appear to be the materials of found of that minus quantity, and followers which our globe is composed. We cannot may still exist of bim, who, when it was affirm it to be matter of demonstration that supposed that a geometrical figure had none of these may be some day found rebeen discovered in the moon, proposed to ducible to a more simple form. We cantrace out something similar in the plains of not pronounce with mathematical confiSiberia, by way of opening a communica- dence that no unexpected and startling distion with our neighbours across the sky, covery may yet effect at least a partial we trust that all we have to say will be change in some of these positions. But amenable to sound reason. And as to the we may safely affirm, from the accordance idea of too great pretension, it would have of rigid theory with accurate and extensive undoubtedly attached to any attempt to observation, that the probability of any speak of all the materials which the Crea- general revolution in chemical knowledge tor has seen fit to employ; but we have is almost infinitesimally small; and though carefully avoided any such extensive epi- we cannot as yet claim the reduction of thet. Our aim is merely to show, in a every stronghold, we may believe that the simple and intelligible way, and as far as ground which has been won during the may be fairly expected in a rough and gen- present century is effectually secured from eral outline, what has been ascertained as becoming again the possession of ignorance to the elements of the creation at large — and uncertainty. a wonderful subject, and deserving of far We may say, therefore, without presumpbetter bandling.

tion, that we know pretty well of what our But, first of all, we have to define the globe is made. Then comes the interesting term • element, and to describe the extent inquiry, Is the rest of the universe comof its application. By an • element,' it is posed of similar, or of entirely unknown scarcely necessary to say, is meant a sim- materials ? Sun, moon, and stars, what ple substance, which, so far as our means are they in their actual nature and ultimate of investigation extend, is incapable of de- composition ? We see their light; in indicomposition, or reduction to any more vidual cases we can detect something of primitive form.

And we

may presume the arrangement of their surfaces ; but upon our readers' knowledge of the fact - what is their chemical character? Of what though some experience in teaching leads are they made ? Are the elements that we us to be careful even as to this presump- here know the sole substratum everywhere tion, that the 'four elements,' universally employed by the Great Creator as the recognised as such but two or three gen- foundation of His glorious work? Or has crations ago, have entirely disappeared He seen fit to employ, in other places of from the list. Not one of them is now His dominion, materials, to us wholly, or considered a simple body. Air is known it may be only in part, unknown ? to be a mixture of two transparent gases, It is a daring question; and but a few nitrogen and oxygen. Water is a com- years back would have been almost a hopepound of oxygen and hydrogen, another less one. How could it be possible to regas. Even in fire, the light and beat may ply to it? We have no means of bridging be separated, and it is now generally ad- over that wide gulf that separates us from mitted that each may be reducible to a every other body of our system. One subtle form of motion. And earth is but strange and singular exception must inthe common name of — we had almost said deed be mentioned. I'rom time to time a

messenger reaches us from the outward ence - has been found capable of reveal-
space, much more frequently indeed than ing to us secrets as to their nature per-
might be supposed; it has been calculated fectly unsuspected. We have now learned,
that on some part or other of our planet an so to speak, to dissect it, to separate it into
aërolite descends daily. Wonderful things its component parts, and to cause some at
these strangers are, flying as it would seem least of those parts to tell us the mystery
by millions through every portion of our of their origin. To explain, in as simple
.orbit at random — but that the Creator a mode as we can, how this marvellous dis-
does nothing at random — and very singu- closure has been brought about, will be the
lar is usually their appearance, and very object of the following remarks.
unlike that of the ordinary materials around That ordinary or white light may be de-
us. But whatever may be their aspect, they composed by refraction into what are com-
bring us much less intelligence than might monly known as the colours of the rain-
have been supposed. Not being of the bow,' is a familiar fact. Every transparent
earth, we might reasonably as well as substance, of greater density than that of
eagerly inquire what news they convey ; air, and bounded by surfaces inclined to
but strange to say, there has not as yet one another, gives evidence of this disper-
been discovered a single element not al- sion, as the separation into colour is tech-
ready existing here, nor, indeed, so much nically called. We see it in the drops that
in number as a third of those already fall from the clouds, or glitter upon the
known. Wherever they may come from, branches, or are dashed into fragments by
or whatever may be their destination, they the fury of the cataract. We see it in the
lead us but to the negative conclusion, that flashing hues of the diamond, and often to
there is no evidence, so far, of any other great advantage in the pendents of chande-
constitution in the distant regions of this liers: but it is most conveniently and per-
great universe, than that which we already fectly exhibited by what is called a prism;
know. And, so far, our question is left in - a piece of glass having two surfaces
its original hopelessness. In fact, if we greatly inclined to each other. Light,
have oftentimes much trouble in ascertain after passing through any of these dis-
ing the chemical composition of substances persive media, is no longer of simple and
with which we are hourly familiar, which uniform whiteness; it is transformed into

can not only see, but handle, and a series of the most vivid and delicate weigh, and taste, and smell, and expose tints, melting into each other by an insento all kinds of chemical reaction, what pos- sible gradation, from a dark heavy red, sible prospect can there be that we should through brilliant orange, green, and blue, ascertain the real nature of those to which to a deep tender violet. We are not now we never draw nearer, in the most favour-concerned with the inquiry — though in its able case, than almost a quarter of a million own place a most interesting one- bow of miles, while in other instances we are this diversity of hue is universally found separated from them by hundreds or thou- where refraction, or bending of the rays of sands of millions, and distances passing light takes place; and whether colour is so calculation, and outrunning imagination it- connected with refraction that every proself? We see that the bodies are there gressive degree of refraction produces its and that is all we know. It is only by own tint – in which case each hue would their light that we become aware of their be simple and independent,

- or whether existence.

some, at least, of the colours may not be And

yet it is that very light that has of of composite character - as indeed every late been made the means of informing us artist would from mere inspection at once of much more than that they are merely conclude. Sir Isaac Newton's division into where we see them. A most unexpected seven colours, having no other basis than advance - - an advance that but a few years an inadequate analogy with the notes of ago might have been ranked with impossi- music, has dropped out of use, with other bilities — has actually been made. That hypotheses; and the question now seems light — the sole indication of their exist- to lie between a superimposition of three

we

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