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she saw the latter in trouble many months | The lady who forgot how to read and after she herself had fallen into this state ; write while remembering everything else and next, in naming the wild flowers she distinctly, never lost her self-recollection saw when taken into the country. Latterly at all. she was unhappy if the man to whom she had Dr. W. B. Carpenter, who read a very been formerly engaged were not near her, remarkable paper a few months ago before and eventually it was apparently jealousy the Royal Institution, on " The Unconat seeing him paying attention to another scious Activity of the Brain,” suggests, we which threw her, about a year after her think, in part a key to the problem. He seizure, into a second fit, from which she points out that operations perforined autorecovered in her right mind, but without matically, and without training, by many the slightest memory of the intervening of the lower animals, have to be learned by year. She recovered her old memory of man; but when learned can be performed persons and things, spoke as usual, and without any self-consciousness, and therebefore long recovered her hearing too, fore, of course, without any recollection. which was the last link in her recovery. “ Thus a man in a state of profound abOne marked feature in this case is the evi- straction walks through a crowded street dent flickering of a half-memory beneath without jostling his fellow-passengers or her blank forgetfulness, as in her restless- bruising himself against lamp-posts; and he ness, when her mother, and subsequently follows the line of direction which is most her former lover, were not near her. She familiar to him, even though at starting he recovered too, her former skill in sewing, had intended to take some other."

And we - she had been a dressmaker, — before she may add, of course, he can remember nocould possibly have relearned the art, and thing of what he has done, for he has done

have seen, named wild flowers it without self-consciousness, which is essenrightly, and used many words quite rightly, tial to memory, — memory being nothing before she came to herself at all. But the but the complete recovery of a former state distinctive feature of her condition was the of consciousness involving both the self and remarkable loss of self-consciousness which the not-self. Now, as in one of the above was so much the feature of her case, that cases the only thing forgotten was those during the first few months after her seiz- arbitrary associations between sounds and ure she would fall spontaneously into utter forms in which self-consciousness is least of unconsciousness several times in the day. all called out, so in all the others what

What we desire to note most is this, seems to have been forgotten was not so that as she gradually recovered her former much the objects of thought as the connectpower, she does not seem in any degree to ing subject, the self which united them. have gradually recovered her self-recolec- The mere artistic dexterities were often retion. On the contrary, she regained that covered, just as a man might exercise them per saltum after the second fit, and not in in a fit of abstraction or in his sleep, withany degree by recognizing what we may call out the recovery of this self-recollection. the old furniture of her mind, as she grad- What the Norman lady forgot in her “abually regained it. And the same point is normal” state was her brooding self'; what noticeable in all other cases of this kind. she forgot in her “normal” state was her Thus the Norman lady, though most of her spontaneous, childlike, unreflecting, self; objects of interest were common to the two and as her husband, and priest, and housestates, was not thereby helped to any moral hold duties belonged to both selfs, she continuity between the one state of mind recognized them in both states, but under and the other. She also passed per saltum so different a light that they did not link from the self-recollection of what our cor- into the same memory. Mr. Dunn's patient respondent calls her normal state to the forgot herself altogether, like the young self-recollection of her abnormal state, and German in New Orleans, and did not recolwas not helped even by the mass of com- lect herself till after the second fit, though mon memories which must have belonged many of her "unconscious” mental enerto both since in both she recognized the gies returned long before it. These peoauthority of her husband and her father ple, in their oblivious condition, were all confessor over her, to connect the two. acting like the man who threads his way to Indeed, it is the characteristic of all the the city without attending to it, except that cases of discontinuous memory we have instead of being abstracted through the heard of, that though there may be a grad- excess of musing reverie, a blank mist ual recovery of words and faculties, yet seems to have fallen over their self-knowlwherever the self-recognition has failed, it edge, which made all the scenery of the returns either per saltum, or not at all. I background dim. The Norman lady alone

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other mistake, I missed the land-waiter's himself in an extraordinary manner, hoping place, which was my first object."

that the great Disposer of events would Now on this passage some objections may give him a prize in the lottery! Strange as fairly be raised; and let it be noticed that this may seem, it is actually recorded in his it is not John Newton, but Mr. Bull, who Diary, thus :- Tuesday, May 4th.– Destyles this event “ another of the many sin- termined this day to have a ticket in the engular illustrations of providential interposi- suing lottery; not, I hope, with a desire of tion of which his (Newton's) life is so full.” amassing money merely, but, if it should be Looked at in the light of common sense, how so, of increasing my capacity for usefulcan it be said that this was a providential ness.” Thereanent, inthe month of Deceminterposition on Mr. Newton's behalf with- ber following, Mr. Newton writes — “Inout a gross and irreverent reflection on the formed by post that my lottery-ticket is a great Disposer of all things? Here we have blank. I am content. I should hardly five persons, all, of course, under the same have engaged that way if I had not supProvidence. Let us call Mr. Manesty A, posed that my vow and my desire of usefulMr. Newton B, the dying officer C, the ness therein gave a kind of sanction thereto. mayor D, and his nephew E. Of these five And I think if the Lord had given me a persons the problem is to show how one, B, prize, it would have been chietly acceptable was strikingly interposed for; and the pro- as a means of helping the poor, and forwardposed solution is this : A. exerts himself ing the cause of the Gospel in these parts.” for B, and secures for him an office which This reminds us of the announcement at is not really vacant, because C. fills it; but Baden, that the gambling saloon will be to make B. a beneficiary in fact, Providence opened later on Sundays, to suit the arintervenes, and removes C. suddenly — that rangements for divine service! is, Providence sends death to C. But D. The phraseology of the Diary, and indeed and E. are both under Providence, and yet of the volume throughout, is of that particget nothing at all, though they are alert ular kind which is so well known in the enough in their use of means. Thus, then, biographies and diaries of good men of very Providence, which really does nothing for limited intelligence and very narrow views D. and E, does everything for A. and B, as regards the great world around them. who don't appear in the least degree more For instance, Mr. Newton thus charactermeritorious than D. and E! Remember izes Yorkshire : -"I have lately been a that Newton was not at this time a devoted journey into Yorkshire. That is a flourishclergyman, but a mere civil servant, and he ing county indeed; like Eden, the garden was only promoted to another place in the of the Lord, watered on every side by the civil service.

Even a Pagan poet would streams of the Gospel. There the voice of justly warn Mr. Bull against his absurd pre- the turtle is heard in all quarters, and mulsumption in the well-known but too oft for- titudes rejoice in the light." This descripgotten admonition

tion does not exactly correspond with our

recollections of Yorkshire, nor, if we may Nec Deus intersit nisi dignus vindice nodus.

believe the Report of the Commissioners And where is the “s dignus vindice nodus" on the Pollution of Rivers, can Yorkshire in Mr. Newton's Custom-House promotion ? be said to be like Eden, the garden of But worse is yet to come.

In order to the Lord, watered on every side by pure promote B, poor C. must be taken, without streams. But of course Mr. Newton speaks warning, to another world; and this accord- of it figuratively and spiritually, though even ingly immediately happened, if we believe in figure it does not exclusively resound Mr. Bull, by a “providential intervention.” with the voice of the turtle. Others, and This is his own clear interpretation of the some very black and harsh birds, have their sudden death of C, if he means anything at turn and their croak in Yorkshire. all by his phraseology. So, then, two pre- The only generally interesting portions sumably worthy men are defeated, and one of the Diary are those which afford us glimppresumably worthy man is suddenly re- ses of Newton's contemporaries - Whitemoved by death, to secure the civil promo- field the great preacher, Cowper the sweet tion of a man not presumably worthier than poet, and Thornton the liberal layman. any one of the before-mentioned three! The last allowed Newton 2001. per annum Can anything be more calculated to bring that he might be bospitable to all the brethdiscredit on a great religious doctrine than ren; and Newton records that he must have this " singular illustration ” of it? We are received from Thornton in all about 3,0001. glad that John Newton bimself does not call Oh, that there were more Thorntons ! Newthis a “providential intervention." ton was hospitable to poor Cowper during

Yet even the pious Newton can delude his mental malady. So long 13 the poet worked hard in the garden, he was tolerably those who thought with Newton came to hear well and mentally easy; but when he quit- him, and crowded his church. The churchted work, he become melancholy, and in wardens proposed a plan for thinning the fact insane. When it was proposed to him congregation by getting occasional substito leave Newton's house, the depressed poet tutes for the popular rector, who, however, wept and bemoaned himself. It was a truly did not aquiesce in it. Christian act in the country parson to cher- That Newton was not so wholly destitute ish and entertain the unhappy bard. of wit as his Diary would suggest, appears

Whitefield was often heard by Newton, in the annexed verses, which he wrote to who greatly admired his preaching, and lib- Cowper after the publication of Madan's erally esteemed him as a true Christian bro- once notorious book entitled Thelyphthora; ther, although he was a dissenter. Newton or, a Treatise on Female Ruin': – had heard much about Whitefield before hé listened to the preacher himself. When he What different senses in that word, a wife ! did attend his preaching, he wrote, “ Be- It means the comfort or the bane of life. hold the half was not told me.” Through- The happiest state is to be pleased with one, out his course Newton was thoroughly lib- The next degree is found in having none. eral and a brother-loving Christian. We can easily believe that “ he was a man of a most When Newton proposed to publish a series loving and tender spirit. He was attracted of religious letters, which were selected from as by the necessity of his nature to every his actual correspondence with affluent, carespirit congenial with his own.” Once a lit- less, and wavering professors, he applied to tle sailor boy, with his father, called on New- Cowper for a title. Can you," says he, ton, who took the boy between his knees, “ compound me a nice Greek word as pretty told him he had been much at sea himself, in sound and as scholastically put together and then sang him part of a naval song. as Thelyphthora, and [of] as much more All this is pretty and pleasing enough. favourable import as you please, to stand

Newton is most largely and lastingly at the top of the title-page, and to serve as known to the Evangelical world by his share a handle for an inquirer ?” Cowper replied in the simple but truly pious Olney Hymns. with Cardiphonia,” or utterance of the Of these he himself wrote no less than two heart. It now appears that many of these hundred and eighty, and Cowper sixty-eight. letters were orignally addressed to the Earl Every reader of this hymn-book knows that of Dartmouth and to several clergymen, Cowper is the poet, and Newton the reli- while others were written to ladies, married gious rhymer. Some of Newton's rhymes and single. There exist besides more than a are still sung and affectionately remembered hundred letters addressed by Newton to his - especially three: “ Glorious things of servants - to whom he seeins to have been thee are spoken;" and " Begone, unbelief," a kind master and a Christian monitor. and “ Approach, my soul, the mercy-seat." Full of faith and hope, and ripe in years, These hymns are the good man's best diary. the contented diarist at length looked death

When Newton quitted Olney to become in the face. “I am packed and sealed," the rector of St. Mary Woolnoth, in London he exclaimed, " and waiting for the past." he found“ but two gospel ministers who have In his eighty-third year he departed. He churches of their own" in the Establishment was a simple, loving, useful Christian. To in this great metropolis one was himself say more would be untrue, to say less unand the other Mr. Romaine. Naturally just.

A LIFE OF BENTLEY cannot be expected to controversies is very exact, though he has hardly present much novelty, but should be welcome to bestowed sufficient attention on the character and Englishmen for the enthusiastic admiration be- position of his opponents. An appendix constowed by the author upon the genius of our tains Bentley's notes on the first two books of great classical philologist. Herr Maehly is less the Iliad, from his MS. in the Library of Trinfavourable to Bentley's character as a man, but ity College. The notes on the other books are his discussion of Bentley's critical achievenients still unpublished, though Bentley was Master is conducted con amore, and animated by the of the College, and his MSS. have reposed in the sympathy which can only be derived from a library for a hundred and twenty-six years. community of taste and feeling. His informa- They manage these things differently in Gertion respecting the details of Bentley's literary many.

Saturday Review.

No. 1291. - February 27, 1869.

515 525

525 526

CONTENTS. 1. Fitz-GREENE HALLECK,

William Cullen Bryant, 2. PAU AND THE SPANISH COURT,

Tinsley's Magazine, 3. HARPER'S HAND-BOOK FOR TRAVELLERS IN EUROPE AND THE East,

Spectator, 4. The MILITARY SPIRIT IN FRANCE,

Pall Mall Gazette, 5. DR. FRITSCH ON THE CAPE COLONY, DUTCH FREE STATES, AND NATAL,

Saturday Review, 6. LITERARY FORGERIES,

British Quarterly Review, 7. VARNHAGEN VON Ense's DIARY, Vol. 10,

Saturday Review, . 8. ALPS IN AUSTRIA,

Saturday Review, 9. HAWTHORNE's NOTE-Book,

Spectator, 10. ARTIFICIAL SPRAY AND ITS USES,

Times, 11. BALTIC AND RUSSIAN CULTURE,

Saturday Review, 12. THE COUNTRY-HOUSE ON THE RHINE, Part' xv.

By Berthold Auerbach. Translated from the Ger-
man for the “ Living Age,”

Die Presse, 13. GERMAN SHAKESPEARE SOCIETY,

Saturday Review, 14. A HOUSE OF CARDS. Conclusion,

Tinsley's Magazine, 15. THE LAST OF NELSON'S CAPTAINS, .

Macmillan's Magazine, 16. CROSSING BAYONETS,

Pall Mall Gazette, 17. RUSSIAN PRESS ON ENGLISH EASTERN POLICY, Pall Mall Gazette, 18. MR. CLAY ON A PROHIBITORY TARIFF, .

N. Y. Evening Post,

POETRY ADVICE GRATIS,

576 GIBRALTAR, MUSICAL PITCH,

576

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