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to me. But, when he felt he was dying, | herself. I've been able to put her to a he'd told the woman that I was his father, very good school, and she is getting on and sent her out to see if she could find nicely. She plays the piano very prettily alme. Rosie was too young to tell me any- ready, and I play with her on the old fiddle; thing; she didn't even know anything and that goes on getting better every year about her mother. I may have almost run it lives. It's a pity we don't copy aster fidagainst him many a time. It's easy for dles as we get old. In the winter evenings people who have got their eyes to lose each Rosie and I sit by the fire when she's done other like that in London. The first winter her lessons, and she reads so prettily, and I had my little pet, we were hard pushed. talks so prettily, and plays so prettily, and I had the rheumatism, and could neither is so fond of me, that it is like a little work nor play. We should both have heaven below to a lonely old man; and, been obliged to go into the work-house, in the summer evenings, we walk about if it hadn't been for my good friend the or- these parts where I used to go about tiddling ganist. He found us out, after a bit, and when I was a boy. She says that she took a great fancy to Rosie. Everybody should have liked to go about with me does. There isn't a feature in her face then, as she does now. Sometimes we've like her grandmother's; and yet, when I a service in the middle of the werk, and run my hand over it, it plays just the same then we go into the City together; but, tune in another key. So my good friend mostly, Saturday is the only week-ılay we helped us himself, and got others to help go in. Rosie likes having the church all us; and, when I could go about again, he to ourselves and the organ. On Sundays, encouraged me to improve myself on the we start directly aster breakfast. We take organ, and let me play for him on week- dinner and tea at the pew-opener's. She is a days - and Sundays, too, sometimes — to very decent woman, and has got a neat litgive me nerve. And then, when there was tle room looking into the churchyard. It's å vacancy in the City, he spoke for me, quieter on a Sunday even than we are and I was fortunate enough to please on here. And then we walk home in the my trial Sunday, and got the place. If evening, and have supper and a tune and God should spare me now to see my little prayers, and go to bed as happy as if she Rosie settled well, I should be as happy as was Princess Royal and I was her father. this earth can make me. He may be When I'm playing out the congregation pleased to do it, for I'm hale and hearty after evening service, I often think that, yet; and then, perhaps, I shall be grum- through God's goodness, my life is getting bling at having to give her up. She's all played out somehow the same way. I'm I've got, you know, to stand for wife and going home to rest, with music to soothe son, alive; and then she's such a darling me before I fall asleep."

M. SISMONDI, in his “Literature of the South Your work is bad if wise men blame, of Europe,” has given a version of one of the But worse if lauded by a fool.” neatest of — shall we say fables or enigmas?of Yriarte; and it contains so much of good sense de Yriarte, who holds a very high position in

The author of this jeu d'esprit, Don Thomas and of good counsel for editors, and literary men Spanish literature, though little known in Engin general, that we venture to give Roscoe's ver- land, was a native of the Isle of Teneriffe, and died sion of it here in extenso – premising only that in 1791, at the age of little more than forty. In the speaker is a dancing bear who, in the exer- early life he became a place-man and a writer cise of his profession, happens to be laughed at for the Spanish Government. He also published by a monkey and praised by a pig. Bruin's re

some comerlies, and a volume of poems called mark is as follows:-

“ La Musica.” He fell foul of the Inquisition,

or rather the Inquisition fell foul of him, but he " When the sly monkey call’d me dunce, managed to escape its censures, or at all events I entertained a slight misgiving;

its punishments. His name is best known by But, Pig, thy praise bas proved at once

his "Fabulus Litterarias,” which have been That dancing will not earn my living.

translated into French, German, and Portuguese; he also made Spanish versions of Hor

ace's “Art of Poetry,'' and of the four first "Then let each candidate for fame

books of Virgil's “Æneid.” Rely upon this wholesome rule,

Gentleman's Magazine.

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From The London Review. convey more of various modes of truth than I
NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE'S PRIVATE could have grasped by a direct effort.”
DIARY."

The extracts cover the space between 1835 This collection (arranged in chronolog- and 1853; they include the Brook-Farın ical order, of course, but unfortunately episode, and (though that is not mentioned wanting an index) of passages from the di- in the preface) what will please those who ary or note-book of the late Nathaniel Haw- recollect that beautiful piece of quiet humour, thorne will gratify a considerable amount the Introduction to “The Scarlet Letter” of what is, in our opinion, quite legitimate

- namely, Hawthorne's custom-house excuriosity. That Hawthorne's private life periences. They include, we are told, 2 should have been really private was, of time when the author had to struggle with course, well; and that so shy and so quietly difficulties before he became famous by the proud a man should, in his writings, give publication of The Scarlet Letter ';', but the world no hint of his private affairs was

we find no trace in any part of the work of to be expected; but, in consequence chiefly what most literary men would understand of the very peculiar character of the writ- by the word “struggle.” And a ' strugings of the author of “ The Scarlet Letter,” gie,” in that sense, might well have damserious students of his books were, from aged the tender bloom of a genius like time to time, tormented by accesses of cu- Hawthorne's - never so well described by riosity about the man himself. Was he married or single? Was he, if married, ble verse:

any prose pen as by Lowell's most admirahappily married ? Had he children ? and, if so, what kind of beings were they? The

“There is Hawthorne, with genius so shrinkelaborate finish of his writings was proof That you hardly at first see the strength that is

ing and rare, sufficient that he was not poor, in the strong sense of the word; and their purity was A frame so robust, with a nature so sweet.

there; proof that their author had never had other So earnest, so graceful, so solid, so fleet, than a pure and living soul; but their in- Is worth a descent from Olympus to meet, cessant, though timid and ostensibly only · Tis as if a rough oak that for ages had stood, artistic touches of sacred scepticism (as With his gnarled bony branches like ribs of the though the man habitually lived in some wood, sphere in which shadows were perpetually Should bloom, after cycles of struggle and scathe, interfering with his vision of substances) With a single anemone trembly and rathe ; compelled the reader to wonder what sort His strength is so tender, his wildness so meek, of life his had been from the first. How That a suitable parallel sets one to seek, came perfect innocence to know so much, He's a John Bunyan Fouqué, a puritan Tieck ; and to make such strange speculations ? When Nature was shaping him, clay was not Of his manner of workmanship no literary

granted workman could for a moment doubt it

For making so full-sized a man as she wanted, is obviously an elaborating manner, in From some finer-grained stuff for a woman pre

So, to fill out her model, a little she spared which a cell-idea is developed into a many

pared, coloured, many-membered, though simple and she could not have hit a more excellent whole; and this the Note-books superabun

plan dantly confirm. As to the early life of For making him fully and perfectly man." Hawthorne, they say nothing, because they contain no retrospect. An extract given The volume appears to have been edited by (in the preface) from “Our Old Home” Mrs. Hawthorne; at least, that is the readshows, in a striking light, his own conscious- ing we give to the occasional foot-notes ness of what we pointed out in a former ar- signed • S. H.". ticle upon his writings — namely, a want of

To begin with, then, Hawthorne was direct speculative power:

married. He appears to have had very in

telligent children — all, or some of them, “ These and other sketches, with which, in a full of poetic instinct. On one of these somewhat rougher form than I have given them here, my journal was copiously filled, were in- pages it is recorded that a little son of his

said, “ When I have grown up, I mean to tended for the side scenes and backgrounds and exterior adornment of a work of fiction, of which

be two men ”- intending to say that he the plan had imperfectly developed itself in my

would be very strong. Again, taking up a mind, and into which I ambitiously proposed to handful of autumn-red maple-leaves, be

cried, “ Papa, here is a handful of fire!" * Passages from the American Note-books of Na- And there are other touches of the same * Our Old Home," &c. Two vols. London: Smith, kind. Later on in the notes he makes a Elder, & Co.

remark which only a happy husband could

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have made, that a lighthouse was a fit with which we are so familiar, the germs place for a couple to spend their honey- are to be found in these pages in suggesmoon or their first year in. We infer that tions jotted down by the author as the the house in which he dwelt when first mar- thoughts occurred to him. Here is the ried was the Old Manse, the neighbour- germ-idea of old Roger Chillingworth's hood of which he has made so dear to some later life: of us, and, in any case, here is a picture,

“ To show the effect of gratified revenge. As in his own words, of his earlier wedded days:

an instance, merely, suppose a woman sues her

lover for breach of promise, and gets the money “It is usually supposed that the cares of life by instalments, through a long series of years. come with matrimony ; but I seem to have cast At last, when the miserable victim were utterly off all care, and live on with as much easy trust trodden down, the triumpher would have be in Providence as Adam could possibly have felt come a very devil of evil passions — they havbefore he had learned that there was a world be ing overgrown his whole nature; so thať a far yond Fradise. My chief anxiety consists in greater evil would have come upon himself than watching the prosperity of my vegetables, in ob- on his victim.” serving how they are affected by the rain or Here is the germ of that wonderful tale, sunshine, in lamenting the blight of one squash

“ The Birth-Mark”: and rejoicing at the luxurious growth of another. It is as if original relation between man an

“A person to be in the possession of somenature were restored in my case, and as if I thing as perfect as mortal man has a right to were to look exclusively to her for the support demand; he tries to make it better, and ruins it of my Eve and myself — to trust to her for food entirely." and clothing, and all things needful, with the full assurance that she would not fail me." On page 269 of the same volume we find

“Even out of the midst of happiness I have the note “ Pandora's box for a child's sometimes sighed and groaned ; for I love the story :” and in another page, the sending sunshine, and the greenwoods, and the spark- to press of the Tanglewood Tales” is ling blue water; and it seems as if the picture noted. Here is the hint of the poisonof our inward bliss should be set in a beautiful breath of the girl in “ Rappaccini's Daughframe of outward nature.

. course of our life, I have written with pretty commendable diligence, averaging from two to “ A story there passeth of an Indian king that four hours a day;

and the result is seen in vari- sent unto Alexander a fair woman, fed with acous magazines. I might have written more, if onite and other poisons, with this intent comit had seemed worth while; but I was content to plexionally to destroy him.- Sir T. Browne.earn only so much gold as might suffice for our immediate wants, having prospect of official And on page 273 we have another hint tostation and emolument which would do away wards the “ Birth-Mark,” though the close with the necessity of writing for bread. Those differs :prospects have not yet had their fulfilment; and we are well content to wait, because an office

A person to be the death of his beloved in would inevitably remove us from our present trying to raise her to more than mortal perfechappy home - at least from an outward home; tion; yet this should be a comfort to him for for there is an inner one that will accompany us having aimed so highly and holily.” wherever we go. Meantime, the magazine peo- Here is “ Earth's Holocaust": ple do not pay their debts! so that we taste some of the inconveniences of poverty. It is an an- A bonfire to be made of the gallows and of noyance, not a trouble.

all symbols of evil.” “Every day I trudge through snow and slosh to the village, look into the post-office, and spend On page 46, Vol. II. we find the original an hour at the reading-room; and then return (too long to quote) of Priscilla in The home, generally without having spoken a word Blithedale Romance,” though Hawthorne to a human being. : . In the way of exer- there reads her temperament en sens invers, cise I saw and split wood, and physically . I Here is something which the readers of that never was in a better condition than now. This

romance will at once call to mind in another is chiefly owing, doubtless, to a satisfied heart, in aid of which comes the exercise above men

place:tioned, and about a fair proportion of intellect- “ Fourier states that, in the progress of the ual labour."

world, the ocean is to lose its saltness, and acHere, then, the curiosity of the curious quire the taste of a peculiarly flavoured lemonis satisfied. But there remain other sources of interest in these notes. Of a very great On page 31 of the same volume we find (too number of those writings of Hawthorne long for quotation) the first sketch of “ The

As to the daily ter":

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Procession of Life.” But the examples of black! There is the worn-out shoe-brush with the kind which we have noted are far too which this polished writer polished his boots ! numerous to be all reproduced, and we There is — but I believe this will be pretty inust pass on to another point or two. Take much all, so here I close the catalogue.”, one or two passages illustrating the peculiar oscillating balance (if the phrase may The picture of the kind of life he lived after be pardoned) of Hawthorne's mind in moral his marriage, when Mrs. Hawthorne was matters :

away on a visit, is very delightful :“A story to show how we are all wronged “I am afraid I shall be too busy washing my and wrongers, and avenge one another.”

dishes to pay many visits. The washing of

dishes does seem to me the most absurd and unAgain,- the italics are ours,

satisfactory business that I ever undertook. Il, Query, in relation to the man's missing when once washed, they would remain clean for wife, how much desire and resolution of doing ever and ever (which they ought in all reason to her duty by her husband can a wife retain while do, considering how much trouble it is), there injuring him in what is deemed the most essen- would be less occasion to grumble; bui no sooner tial point ? ”

is it done, than it requires to be done gain. On Thackeray, when somebody blamed him for the whole, I have come to the resulutiin not to

use more than one dish at euch meal. However, winding up “ Esmond” as he did, answered, I moralize deeply on this and other matters, and “I couldn't help it, ma'am; the characters have discovered that all the trouble and afilieall arranged it among themselves." The tion in the world come from the necessity of following memorandum is interesting: - cleansing away our earthly stains. “A person to be writing a tale, and to find

“I ate the last morsel of bread yesterday, and that it shapes itself against his intentions ; that congratulate myselt on being now reduced to the the characters act otherwise than he thought; according to ordinary modes of thinking, than

fag-end of necessity. Nothing worse can happen, that unforeseen events occur ; and a catastrophe to want bread; but, like most afflictions, it is comes which he strives in vain to avert. It might shadow forth his own fate

I found one more in prospect than reality.

he having made himself one of the personages.”

cracker in the tureen, and exulted over it as if

it had been so much gold. However, I have We will close our extracts with a few sent a petition to Mrs. P-stating my destipassages more intimate and personal in tute condition, and imploring her succour; and their character. llawthorne, having visited till it arrive, I shall keep myself alive on herhis bachelor lodgings at Salem, makes rings and apples, together with part of a pint of

milk, which I share with Leo.” the following entry:

"Here I am, in my old chamber, where I In a very short time some ladies of the produced those stupendous works of fiction neighbourhood bring him bread, and he is which have since impressed the universe with again well provisioned. There is a kind wonderment and awe! To this chamber, doubt- • Mrs. P.," wbo even takes him a plumless, in all succeeding ages, pilgrims will come pudding. Lastly we will quote an entry to pay their tribute of reverence; they will put which vividly connects Hawthorne with the off their shoes at the threshold for fear of dese- Old Country: crating the tattered old carpets! • There,' they will exclaim, ‘ is the very bed in which he slum

“ Memorials of the family of Hawthorne in the bered, and where he was visited by those ethe church of the village of Dundry, Somersetshire, real visions which he afterwards fixed for ever England. The church is ancient and small, and in glowing words ! There is the washstand at has a prodigiously high tower of more modern which this exalted personage cleansed himself date, being erected in the time of Edward IV. from the stains of earth, and rendered his out. It serves as a land-mark for an amazing extent ward man a fitting exponent of the pure soul

of country.” within ! There, in its mahogany frame, is the dressing-glass, which often reflected that noble The character of Hawthorne, though in brow, those hyacinthine locks, that mouth bright part disclosed to us by these notes, is not with smiles or tremulous with feeling, that at present a fair subject for public analysis; flashing or melting eye, that in short every but, in private, attentive readers will find pled man! There is the pine table – there is ample matter for study in connection with the old flag-bottomed chair on which he sat, and the morale of his books. The editor and at which he scribbled, during his agonies of in- the publishers of these notes have laid us spiration! There is the old chest of drawers in all, and especially men of letters, under an which he kept what shirts a poor author may be obligation; and we very cordially commend supposed to have possessed ! There is the closet them as constituting one of the most interin which was reposited his threadbare suit of l esting books the year has scen.

No. 1284. - January 9, 1869.

67 84 85 100

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CONTENTS. 1. HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF THE REIGN OF GEO. II.

No. VIII. — The Sailor. (Commodore Ansen), Blackwood's Magazine, 2. THE CRADLE OF A NATION,

Cornhill Magazine, 8. Phineas Fixx. Part XV., by Mr. Trollope, Saint Paul's, . 4. THE REBEL PRIVATEERS,

Richard Cobden, 6. The Country-HOUSE ON THE Rhine. Part VIII

. By Berthold Auerbach. Translated from the German for the “ Liying Age,”

Die Presse, 6. Tue WESLEYS AND THEIR Hymns,

Sunday Magazine, 7. Mr. GLADSTONE's INCOMING ADMINISTRATION, Spectator, 8. VOLCANOES AND EARTHQUAKES,

Saturday Review, 9. AUDUBON'S LIFE,

London Review, 10. A Life of KING LEOPOLD,

Spectator, 11. BILLIARDS,

Pall Mall Gazette, 12. PUBLIC OPINION IN GERMANY,

Pall Mall Gazette,

POETRY. A LETTER,

66 | THE SNOW DROP,

SHORT ARTICLES.
BARON TAUCHNITZ EDITIONS OF ENGLISH AUTHORS,
TRIUMPH OF THE Cross. By Jerome Savonarola,
NATIONAL COURTESY,

101 112 117 118 121 122 124 127

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100 111 117

JUST PUBLISHED AT THIS OFFICE:
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PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION AT THIS OFFICE:
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from Blackwood's Magazine, will be issued from this office, in book form, as soon as completed. A HOUSE OF CARDS. LETTICE LISLE.

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LIT TELL & GAY, BOSTON.

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