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No. 1295. — March 27, 1869.

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CONTENTS. 1. COMPLETION OF VOLUME ONE HUNDRED, . . A New Song by Christopher

North, . . . . 2. THE PULPIT OF THE OLDEN TIME, . . . Blackwood's Magazine, . 771 3. PRINCIPAL FORBES, . . . . . Magazine of Biography, . 786 4. HENRY T. TUCKERMAN AND ITALY, . . . N. Y. Tribune, . . . 784 5. THE COUNTRY-HOUSE ON THE RHINE. Part XIX.

By Berthold Auerbach. Translated from the Ger

man for The Living Age, . . . . . Die Presse, . . . 6. FROM AN ISLAND, Part II. By Miss Thackeray, , Cornhill Magazine, . 804 7. ATTACK THE PLUNDERERS. By General Grant, . N. Y. Evening Post, . . 817 8. “ FRIENDS” IN NEED, . . . . . . Chambers' Journal, . 818 9. WATCHWORDS FOR THE WARFARE OF LIFE, . . Martin Luther, . . . 820 10. ETHICAL SHORTSIGHT, . . . . . . Saturday Review, . . . 822 11. NUMBERS FOR THE SORROWFUL

. . Gentleman's Magazine, . 823 12. ORIGINAL PROSPECTUS OF THE LIVING AGE. Introduced by Judge Story and Chancellor Kent, . .

.

. 824 ** Title and Index to Vol. 100.

POETRY. • VOLUME ONE HUNDRED, . . . . 770 | NUMBERS FOR THE SORROWFUL, . . 823

THEY DESIRE A BETTER COUNTRY, . 785

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NUMBER A HUNDRED.

A NEW SONG BY CHRISTOPHER NORTH, ESQ., HIMSELF. You will find by the cover that our Magazine, | A rascally crew of low creatures, but vain, This month of its numbers A Hundred has seen; Domineered, when he rose in the realms of Seven years and a half has old Christopher North Cockaigne; Its energies guided thro' paths full of worth; Ah! where are they now! - Let them rot in the He asks you, then, readers, to join in a glass,

dirt, And with hip, hip, hurrah! let the jolly toast For their fangs have been drawn and they canpass.

not now hurt. Shout aloud! Let our foes hear the cheery sound | Even Byron, tho' using their monarch as tool, thunder'd

Called them after our nickname, the base CockHere's to Maga success, the Number A Hun

ney-School, dred!

Yet the wretches themselves would most sully

have wonder 'd. When first he his right hand had set to her helm,

Had we said how they'd sunk before Number 4 How gloomy and black looked the state of the

Hundred. realm! There were radical meetings — and blood-thirsty

He will leave you, kind readers, at leisure te mobs

judge And hunger-pinched bellies — and poorly-filled

noorly-filled If he has not demolished the kingdom of Fudge · fobs;

Put some stop to all vaporing of critical stuff In each hamlet was seen some wild demagogue's

'Mid the wholesale retailers of Balaam and Puff, face

Laugh'd down, with what power he'll permit And the Whigs, — what a woe! — had some

you to guess, chances of place.

| The airs of the gentlemen sage of the press He said we'd outlive such bad times - has he And stripp'd many a daw of his plumages plunblunder'd?

der'd, He appeals to the days that see Number A From the day he commenced, up to Number 1 Hundred.

Hundred. There were riots, and tumults, and Manchester If some idiots there be, both in Athens and crowds —

Babel, And blockheads rigged out in their blankets for

Whom in pertness and impotence still he lets shrouds —

gabble, Then there came o'er the sea, more to darken

Don't lay this to your hearts. By no means apthe scene,

prehend Full of murder and vengeance, Brougham's cli

That their clack in due time will not come to its ent the Queen.

end. Then villany rampant pervaded the land,

When the cup of their scampishness swells to the And strumpets and ruffians fought hard for

brim, command.

Look to Christopher then, and depend upon him; In the struggle, from loyalty never he sunder'd

| Their last they'll have libelled, licd, havered, and Number Fifty spoke out just like Number A

maundered, Hundred.

Long ere Maga, triumphant, counts Number

Two Hundred ! He found a poor gang of poor praters had seized But let's end in good humor - since first we The critical throne, and prosed justo as thiy begun, pleased.

Have we not spread around a whole spring-tide One kick of his foot spurned these jackasses of fun ? down

Written papers of eloquence, learning and sense, Knocked from Jeffrey's small numskull the gin- Prose and rhyme which to pathos and wit have gerbread crown,

pretence? Frightened Chalmers away with his bellow of (Mix'd with which, if some nonsense or trash pith,

you may find, And smoked in fine style holy Jack-pudding Why, pardon it, lads, 'tis the lot of mankind.) Smith

On the whole, Kit is sure that by none 'twill be Showed how Bully Brougham bounced and how

wonder'd fat Leslie blunder'd

If he calls “a high bumper for Number A - All from Number the Seventh down to Number

Hundred!
A Hundred.

Blackwood's Magazine, May, 1825.

From Blackwood's Magazine. Jinsignificant enough, to escape elsewhere, THE PULPIT OF THE OLDEN TIME. lynx-eyed censure is closely watching him It has been said that next to being loudly in the pulpit. It is the place which used to praised, the best thing for a man who de- be called, by the irreverent wits of a bysires a reputation is to be thoroughly well gone day, “Coward's Castle ;" because abused. If this be true, the preachers are there a man could dogmatize safe from conjust now having what an American would tradiction, and launch his thunders, strong call “ a good time” of it. The old line of or feeble, against his opponents, securely wit, once so popular — having a fling at the sheltered from all counter-attack. “Come parson — has come up again with the smart and hear me preach," said Bishop Horsley professional writers of the day. It is not to Thurlow. "No," returned the Lord the highest kind of wit, it must be allowed; Chancellor, with his usual expletives; “no; but it has the merit of being readily under-I hear you talk nonsense enough in the stood, and, like jests upon Scripture, there House, where I can contradict you, and I is a flavour of irreverence about it which is do; but I'll be-(any participle you please) supposed to mark a free and independent - if I come and listen to you where I mind. There are a good many people who can't." But the pulpit might better now be for one reason or another, do not care to called “Castle Dangerous." Instances are go to church, who object still more strong- rare perhaps, as yet, of the preacher being ly to any private interference of a pastoral attacked in his stronghold; but the mokind, who prefer not subscribing to schools ment he comes down out of it, his enemies or other parochial charities of which the have at him from all quarters. It is well if parson (Heaven help him !) is too often the he escapes the criticism of his wife, who lies sole promoter, and are therefore by noin wait for him at the vestry-door; for, as it means sorry to have a plausible excuse for is said that no man is a hero to his valet, so declining the parson altogether. It forms assuredly no preachers are prophets to their a very decorous apology for non-appear- own household. But whatever his fate in ance in your place in church, to say that that quarter, he finds an Aristarchus in the curate preaches such rubbish, or that every educated male member of his congrethe rector is a notorious Puseyite. “No gation. Every man of average intelligence case — abuse the plaintiff's attorney." thinks he could write a sermon: and per

So, whatever line the clergy take, they haps only those who are expected to write are pretty sure to be called to account for two every week know the difficulties of it. Just now they have been loudly blamed such a performance. It may be granted for having been too busy at the elections; a that there are a great many very inditferlittle while ago they were accused of hold- ent sermons preached; it may be added, ing themselves too much aloof from the sub- that if the critics had to preach them, there jects and questions of the day. If they would be a good many more. There are a take seriously to any one of the 'ologies — great many stupid speeches made, and a and unless a man takes up these things in great many stupid books written, and with earnest he had better not touch them at all - less excuse; because it is very seldom that there will be straightway found some well- a man need make a speech or write a book meaning but narrow-minded Christians to unless he chooses ; whereas preaching is a accuse them of secularizing their sacred part of the parson's duty, and a man may profession; if they profess an ignorance of be a very useful parish priest who is neither science, the worldly critic will, with more a Demosthenes nor a Chrysostom. Manshow of reason, complain that those who kind, says a living cynic, are “mostly claim to be the leaders of thought are be- fools : " it may be conceded that they are hind the information of their age. The certainly not mostly wise men; and the young rector of old past used to hunt, and preachers are no exception to their fellowthat was voted an abomination; he now creatures. plays croquet, and its very mildness is The truth is, that just now a strong tide turned to his reproof.

of feeling has set in from some quarters But even if he be fortunate enough, or against preaching per se, as a necessary adjunct to public worship. It is the natu- | volume • Pulpit Talk,' is merely an amplifiral reaction of an educated and fastidious cation of two popular lectures delivered beage against the undue exaltation of the pul-fore the Edinburgh Philosophical Institution pit in other days. No modern pulpit re-- pleasant, like the writer's previous volformer has yet gone so far as George Foxume, but slight, as might be expected from the Quaker, who proposed that sermons the circumstances. The Dean is an aushould be abolished altogether; — he, to be thority to whom men of all shades of relig. sure, had just then heard six preached run- ious opinion will listen with respect ; a ning on a fast day in Scotland; but it is preacher not only in the pulpit but out of it, suggested that their use — or abuse — whose wise and kindly influence has been should be limited. As the bell used to be widely felt for good. Mr. Hood's volume rung in many parishes “to call dissenters - published two years ago under the title to the sermon " who would not join in the of · Lamps, Pitchers, and Trumpets,' in a previous Common Prayer; so now it is pro- questionable taste which he has adopted posed by some (and those perhaps the most from some of the old divines whom he honest censors of the pulpit) that some quotes - is also a reproduction of lectures similar pause should be interposed to allow delivered before a Dissenters' Training those who like prayers, but object to a di- College, and is much more elaborate and vinity lecture, to go out. There does not more professional, — not free from some seem to be any real objection to such an narrow Nonconformist prejudices, but conarrangement, except popular feeling, ortaining much interesting matter, carefully prejudice, or whatever it may best be collected and well put together. Mr. Neale termed; for although you may insure a and Mr. Baring-Gould take but a limited man's reluctant presence at the sermon, you portion of the ground - the “Mediæval" cannot command his unwilling attention; and “Post-Mediæval Preachers." Mr. and in the case of children, it is clear that Jackson seems to have drawn pretty largely some such course would be desirable. upon his predecessors, or from the same There is very little fear that even a moder- sources — repeating not unfrequently their ate preacher would, under the proposed ar- mistakes - but producing a readable book, rangement, find himself without an audi- in spite of a somewhat haphazard arrangeence, for preaching of alınost any kind is ment. A good many of the popular anecstill popular with the masses; and for a very dotes which all the writers give us are well bad and careless preacher, it might be a known, especially the ludicrous ones, which wholesome check to feel that his congrega- are the most apocryphal; but there might tion bad it in their power to pass a very in- be room yet for a popular history of the telligible vote of censure on his performan- pulpit, which none of these little books, or ces, without withdrawing themselves, in the others of a similar type, either supply or last resort, as at present, from public wor- probably have aspired to supply. ship altogether.

The pulpit has gone through as many Yet this popular interest in the question phases of life as the Christian Church itself. of preaching is strong evidence, even in the Of the great preachers of primitive times most satiric strictures which it has called we know comparatively little, with some forth, of the powerful agency which still two or three exceptions. Augustine, Chrybelongs to the pulpit, however dormant or sostom, Ambrose, and the two Gregories imperfectly exercised. It will probably not live still in their homilies which have been be without its good results. The preachers preserved; but we are hardly in a posithemselves are evidently not unaffected by tion to judge of the style or effects of their it. Treatises upon preachers and preach-ordinary preaching. Augustine has left on ing, from the hands of “the cloth" itself, record both precept and example as to one have been abundant lately. Some few of essential duty of a preacher — to preach so those which are least professional — as tak- as to be understood of the people. Of all ing rather the historical, anecdotal, and temptations to be avoided, he warns the critical view of the subject — now lie before Christian orator against the use of "sesus. Dean Ramsay's unpretending littlequipedalia verba.” “What profits the gold

en key,” he says, “ if it will not open the Philip de Narni, a Capuchin friar, preached lock ? and what objection to the wooden at Rome against non-residence – the standkey, if it will? ” The Bishop of Hippo was ing sore of an established church from his essentially a preacher to the multitude; and, times down to our own, against which sucfar less eloquent than John of the “Golden cessive preachers took up their parable in Mouth,” was perhaps even more than he vain — and with such effect, that thirty a model for the teachers whom the Church bishops who heard him are said to have demands at present.

rushed back in compunction to their own When these great voices were silent, dioceses the next morning. Jerome Sathere followed an interval in which either vonarola, a reformer before his age, thunthere were no effective masters of the pul- dered so powerfully at Florence against the pit or we at least have lost their works and corruptions of the Papal court under Alextheir names. At last, in the twelfth cen- ander VI., that the too popular preacher tury, rose Bernard of Clairvaux — “the last was brought to the stake as a heretic. If of the Fathers." He was emphatically the he was too faithful an exponent of the preacher in high places. Kings and nobles vices of the Papacy, he was equally honest were awed by the wondrous eloquence of his in his denunciations of popular sins; and language, or won by the persuasion of his some notion of the fiery temperament of dove-like eyes, and pressed to take from the man - possibly even some excuse for his hand the crosses – the pledge of the his persecutors — may be gathered from the Second Crusade - as fast as they could be story told of his sometimes working himsupplied by tearing up his monastic cowl. self up to such a pitch of righteous indigBut after his death something like a dark nation that he would quit the pulpit suddenage of preaching seems again to have fol- ly without finishing his sermon, as though lowed. Here and there lights shone out of shaking the dust from his feet against an the gloom – solitary “ Lamps ” with their evil generation. accompanying “ Trumpets," as Mr. Hood. The pulpit oratory of the middle ages would term them. One of the greatest of was, of course, leavened with the peculiar these was Anthony of Padua, who wore out tenets and corruptions of Roman doctrine. his life (dying at thirty-six) in missionary The personages of the Old and New Testalabours throughout Italy. Wherever he ment were set forth as having been good went, crowds filled the churches at early Catholics, with the most utter disregard of daybreak to hear him. He, like Augustine, the unities of time and place, and with an was a preacher to the people. Allusions to effrontery which tells its own tale of the igcommon trades and occupations occur con norance and credulity of the hearers. The tinually in his extant homilies. He was French ecclesiastics were the boldest in this also one of the first who introduced that ele- respect. Abraham and Isaac, on their jourment of humour into his sermons which (as ney to Mount Moriah, are represented as we shall have occasion to notice hereafter) employing themselves by the way in duly was carried out even to abuse by many of reciting aves and paternosters; and the his successors. But the mere skeletons of Virgin Mary at the Annunciation, is said his preaching which have come down to us, to have been telling her beads and reading give no fair specimens of his powers. He in her “ Hours ” — not in Latin, however, was adopted as the patron saint of Portu- or in French, carefully adds the preacher, gal; and the Portuguese Government, in but in Hebrew. Father Chatenair, so late 1706, conferred on him formally the title of as 1715, speaks of "L'abbé Jesus: " Nich“ Marshal General” of the army, taking olas de Lyrà asserted that He was of the care, however, to pass him regularly but order of Friars Minorites. But in spite of rapidly through all intermediate grades, this and other drawbacks, there can be no from private upwards. They assigned him doubt but that the mediæval pulpit from time an annual pay of 150 ducats; and for many to time produced men who were deeply read years subsequently an image of the saint, in the Scriptures, and who interpreted them in full uniform, was carried on a chair in with a depth of thought and a fulness of ilevery campaign at the head of the army. lustration which, if often mystical and fan

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