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CONGRESS, UNITED STATES. The first Wright, of New Jersey, presented the creden. session of the Thirty-ninth Congress * assembled tials of Johr P. Stockton, of New Jersey, elected at Washington on December 4, 1865. (For the by the Legislature to serve for six years from President's Message, see PUBLIO DOCUMENTS, March 4, 1855. ANNUAL CYCLOPÆDIA, 1865.)
Mr. Cowan, of Pennsylvania, said: “Before The Senate was called to order by the Pres the oaths are adıninistered, I beg leave to preident pro tem., Mr. Foster, of Connecticut, Mr. sent the protest of several members of the
* The following is a list of the iLembers of Congress: Noell, John R. Kelso, Joseph W. McClurg, Robert T. Van SENATE.
Horn, Benjamin F. Loan, John F. Benjamin, George W.
Anderson. California-James A. McDougall, John Conness.
Nevada-Delos R. Ashley. Connecticut-Lafayette S. Foster, James Dixon.
New Hampshire-Gilman Marston, Edward H, Rollins, Delaware-George Read Riddle, Willard Saulsbury. James W. Patterson. Ilinois-Lyman Trumbull, Richard Yates.
New Jersey-John F. Starr, William A. Newell, Charles Indiana-Henry S. Lane, Thomas A. Hendricks. Sitgreaves, Andrew J. Rogers, Edwin R. V. Wright. Iowa-James W. Grimes, Samuel J. Kirkwood.
New York-Stephen Tabor, Tunis G. Bergen, James Kansas-Samuel C. Pomeroy, James H. Lane.
Humphrey, Morgan Jones, Nelson Taylor, Henry J. RayKentucky-Garret Davis, James Guthrie.
mond, John W. Chanler, James Brooks,* William A. Dar. Maine-Lot M. Morrill, William Pitt Fessenden.
ling, William Radford, Charles H. Winfield, John H. Massachusetts-Charles Sumner, Henry Wilson.
Ketcham, Edwin N. Hubbell, Charles Goodyear, John A. Maryland-John A. J. Creswell, Reverdy Johnson. Griswold, Robert S. Hale, Calvin T. Hulburd, James M. Michigan-Zachariah Chandler, Jacob M. Howard. Marvin, Demas Hubbard, 'Jr.,
Addison H. Latin, Roscoe Minnesota—Alexander Ramsey, Daniel S. Norton. Conkling, Sidney T. Holmes, Thomas T. Davis, Theodore Missouri–B. Gratz Brown, John B. Henderson.
M. Pomeroy, Daniel Morris, Giles W. Hotchkiss, Hamilton Nevada-William M. Stewart, James W. Nye.
Ward, Roswell Hart, Burt Van Horn, James M. HumNew Hampshire Daniel Clark, Aaron II. Cragin. phrey, Henry Van Aérnam. New Jersey-William Wright, John P. Stockton.* Ohio-Benjamin Eggleston, Rutherford B. Hays, Robert New York-Ira Harris, Edwin D. Morgan.
C. Schenck, William Lawrence, F. C. Le Blond, 'Reader Ohio-John Sherman, Benjamin F. Wade.
W. Clark, Samuel Shellabarger, James R. Hubbell, Ralph Oregon-James W. Nesmith, George H. Williams. P. Buckland, James M. Ashley, Hezekiah S. Bundy, Wil. Pennsylvania-Edgar Cowan, Charles R. Buckalew. liam E. Finck, Columbus Delano, Martin Welker, Tobias Rhode Island-William Sprague, Henry B. Anthony. E. Plants, John A. Bingham, Ephraim R. Eckley, Rufus + Tennessee-David D. Patterson, J. S. Fowler.
P. Spalding, James A. Garfield. Vermont-Luke P. Poland, Solomon Foot.
Oregon-John H. D. Henderson. West Virginia–Peter G.' Van Winkle, Waitman T. Pennsylvania-Samuel J. Randall, Charles O'Neill, LeonWilley.
ard Myers, William D. Kelley, M. Russell Thayer, B. Wisconsin-Timothy O. Howe, James R. Doolittle. Markley Boyer, John M. Broomall, Sydenham E. Ancona,
Thaddeus Stevens, Myer Strouse, Philip Johnson, Charles Not admitted at this session.
Denison, Ulysses Mercur, George F. Miller, Adam J. Alabama-George S. Houston, Lewis E. Parsons. Glossbrenner, William H. Koontz, Abraham A. Barker, Arkansas-E. Baxter, William D. Snow.
Stephen F. Wilson, Glenni W. Schofield, Charles Vernon Louisiana–R. King Cutler, Michael Hahn.
Culver, John L. Dawson, James K. Moorhead, Thomas Mississippi – William L. Sharkey, J. L. Alcorn.
Williams, George V. Lawrence.
Rhode Island-Thomas A. Jenckes, Nathan F. Dixon. South Carolina John L. Manning, Benjamin F. Perry. + Tennessee-Nathaniel G. Taylor, Horace Maynard, WilVirginia--John C. Underwood, Joseph Segar.
liam B. Stokes, Edmund Cooper, William B. Campbell, S. M. Arnell, Isaac R. Hawkins, John W. Leftwich.
Vermont-Frederick E. Woodbridge, Justin S. Morrill, HOUSE
Portas Baxter. California-Donald C. McRuer, William Higby, John
West Virginia–Chester D. Hubbard, George R. Latham, Bidwell,
Killian V. Whaley. Connecticut-Henry C. Deming, Samuel L. Warner, Au
Wisconsin-Halbert E. Paine, Ithamar C. Sloan, Amasa gustus Brandagee, John H. Hubbard.
Cobb, Charles A. Eldridge, Philetus Sawyer, Walter D. Delaware-John A. Nicholson.
McIndoe. Illinois-John Wentworth, John F. Farnsworth, Elihu
Not admitted at this session. B. Washburne, Abner C. Harding, Ebon C. Ingersoll,
Bur Alabama-C. C. Langdon, George C. Freeman, Cullen ton C. Cook, I. P. H. Bromwell, Shelby M. Cullom, Lewis W. Ross, Anthony Thornton, Samuel S. Marshall, Jehu
A. Battle, Joseph W. Taylor, B. T. Pope, T. J. Jackson.
Arkansas Byers, Lorenzo Gibson, J. M. Johnson. Baker, Andrew J. Kuykendall; at large, S. W. Moulton. Florida-F. McLeod. Indiana-William E. Niblack, Michael C. Kerr, Ralph
Georgia Solomon Cohen, Philip Cook, Hugh Buchanan, Hill, John H. Farquhar, George W. Julian, Ebenezer Dumont, Daniel W. Voorhees, & Godlove s. Orth, Schuyler Wofford.
E. G. Cabaniss, J. D. Matthews, J. H. Christy, W. T. Colfax, Joseph H. Defrees, Thomas N. Stillwell.
Louisiana-Louis St. Martin, Jacob Barker, Robert C. Iowa-James F. Wilson, Hiram Price, William B. Al.
Wickliffe, John E. King, John S. Young. lison, Josiah B. Grinnell,' John A. Kasson, Asahel w.
Mississippi-A. E. Reynolds, B. A. Pinson, James T. Hubbard.
Harrison, A. M. West, E. G. Peyton. Kansas--Sidney Clarke.
North Carolina—Jesse R. Stubbs, Charles C. Clark, Kentucky-L. S. Trimble, Burwell C. Ritter, Henry
Thomas C. Fuller, Josiah Turner, Jr., Bedford Brown, s. Grider, Aaron Harding, Lovell H. Rousseau, Green Clay
H. Walkup, A. H. Jones. Smith, George S. Shanklin, William H. Randall, Samuel South Carolina-John D. Kennedy, William Aiken, McKee.
Samuel McGowan, James Farrow. Maine-John Lynch, Sidney Perham, James G. Blaine,
Virginia-W. H. B. Custis, Lucius H. Chandler, B. John H. Rice, Frederick A. Pike. Maryland-Hiram McCullough, John L. Thomas, Jr.,
Johnson Barbour, Robert Ridgway, Beverly A. Davis, Charles E. Phelps, Francis Thomas, Benjamin G. Harris.
Alexander I H. Stuart, Robert Y. Conrad, Daniel H.
Hoge. Massachusetts--Thomas D. Eliot, Oakes Ames, Alexander H. Rice, Samuel Hooper, John B. Alley, Nathaniel P.
Delegates from the Territories. Banks, George S. Boutwell, John D. Baldwin, William B.
Arizona_John N. Goodwin. Washburn, Henry L. Dawes.
Colorado-Allen A, Bradford. Michigan-Fernando C. Beaman, Charles Upson, John
Dakota-Walter A. Burlcigh. W. Longycar, Thomas W. Ferry, Rowland E. Trowbridge,
Idaho-E. D, Holbrook, John F. Driggs.
Montana-Samuel McLean. Minnesota William Windom, Ignatius Donnelly.
Nebraska-Phineas W. Hitchcock. Missouri—John Hogan, Henry T. Blow, Thomas E.
New Mexico-J. Francesco Chavez.
Utah-William H. Hyper. Sest declared vacant.
Washington-Arthur A. Denny. + Admitted near the close of the session. Deceased March 23, and succeeded by George F. Edmunds
* Seat given to William E. Dodge. Seat given to Henry D. Washbura.
Admitted near the close of the session.
Legislature of New Jersey, protesting against acknowledged, and its Senators and Representatives the right of Mr. Stockton to take his seat here admitted, until its Legislature shall have first ratified as a Senator. I do not desire to raise the ques- fact.
such amendment in recognition of the accomplished tion as to whether he may not be sworn, because I believe his credentials are prima facie
Mr. Sumner also submitted the following sufficient for that purpose; but I desire that resolutions, which were laid over: these papers may be laid before the Senate and Resolutions doclaratory of the duty of Congress in respect to referred to the Committee on the Judiciary guaranties of the national security and the national faith
in the rebel States, when that committee shall be organized, in order that the prayer of the memorialists may ties for security in the future, so that peace and pros.
Resolved, That, in order to provide proper guaran. be heard, and such order taken upon it as the perity shall surely prevail, and the plighted faith of Senate in their wisdom may decree."
the nation shall be preserved, it is the first duty of The protest was received and laid upon the Congress to take care that no State declared to be in
rebellion shall be allowed to resume its relations to table, for future reference to the Committee on
the Union until after the satisfactory performance of the Judiciary, and the oath was administered to five several conditions, which conditions precedent Mr. Stockton.
must be submitted to a popular vote, and be sancMr. Sumner, of Massachusetts, submitted the tioned by a majority of the people of each State refollowing concurrent resolution declaratory of spectively, as follows: the adoption of the constitutional amendment shown by an honest recognition of the unity of the
1. The complete reëstablishment of loyalty, as abolishing slavery, which was laid on the table Republic, and the duty of allegiance to it at all times, and ordered to be printed :
without mental reservation or equivocation of any
kind. Whereas, the Congress, by a vote of two-thirds of both Houses, did heretofore propose to the Legisla- pretensions, and the complete enfranchisement of all
2. The complete suppression of all oligarchical tures of the several States, for ratification, an amend- citizens, so that there shall be no denial of rights on ment to the Constitution in the following words, to
account of color or race; but justice shall be impar. wit: “ARTICLE XIII. Sec. 1. Neither slavery nor involun. tial, and all shall be equal before the law.
3. The rejection of the rebel debt, and at the same tary servitude, except as a punishment for crime,
time the adoption, in just proportion, of the national whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place with solemn pledges never to join in any measure,
debt and the national obligations to Union soldiers, subject to their jurisdiction.
direct or indirect, for their repudiation, or in any way ** Sec. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this tending to impair the national credit. article by appropriate legislation.” And whereas, at the time wben such amendment the equal benefit of all without distinction of color or
4. The organization of an educational system for was submitted as well as since, there were sundry States which, by reason of rebellion, were without
5. The choice of citizens for office, whether State Legislatures, so that, while the submission was made in due constitutional form, it was not, as it could not whose conduct and conversation shall give assurance
or national, of constant and undoubted loyalty, be, made to all the States, but to “ the Legislatures of peace and reconciliation. of the several States," in' obedience both to the let. ter and spirit of the provision of the Constitution au safeguards, without which the national security and
Resolved, That in order to provide these essential thorizing amendments, there being a less number of the national faith will be imperilled, States cannot be Legislatures of States than there were States; and precipitated back to political power and independwhereas, since the Constitution expressly authorizes amendments to be made, any construction thereof in all
' respects fulfilled.
ence; but they must wait until these conditions are which would render the 'making of amendments at times impossible, must violate both its letter and its
Mr. Sumner also submitted the following resspirit; and whereas, to require the ratification to be olations, on the duty of Congress to the Southby States without Legislatures as well as by “the Le ern States, which were ordered to be printed : gislatures of the States," in order to be pronounced valid, would put it in the power of a long-continued Resolutions declaratory of the duty of Congress, especially in rebellion to suspend, not only the peace of the na
respect to loyal citizens in rebel States. tion, but its Constitution also; and whereas, from the Whereas, it is provided by the Constitution that terms of the Constitution, and the nature of the case, “the United States shall guarantee to every State in it belongs to the two Houses of Congress to determine this Union a republican form of government;” and when such ratification is complete; and whereas whereas there are certain States where, by reason of more than three-fourths of the Legislatures to which rebellion, there are no State governments recognized the proposition was made have ratified such amend. by Congress; and whereas, because of the failure of ment: Now, therefore,
such States respectively to maintain State governBe it resolved by the Senate (the House of Represent ments, it has become the duty of Congress, standing atives concurring), That the amendment abolishing in the place of guarantor, where the principal bas slavery has become, and is, a part of the Constitution made a lapse, to provide governments, republican in of the United States.
form, for such States respectively: Now, therefore, Resolved, That notwithstanding the foregoing res in order to declare the duty of Congressolution, and considering the great public interest 1. Resolved, That whenever a convention is called which attaches to this question, the Legislatures in any of such States for the organization of a gov. which have not ratified the amendment, be permitted ernment, the following persons have a right to be to express their concurrence therein by the usual represented therein, namely, the citizens of the State form of ratification, to be returned in the usual who have taken no part in the rebellion; especially manner.
all those whose exclusion from tbe ballot enabled the Resolved, That no one of the States, to the Legisla- rest to carry the State into the rebellion, and still ture of which such amendment could not be submit more especially those who became soldiers in the ted, by reason of its being in rebellion against the armies of the Union, and by their valor on the battle. United States, and having no Legislature. be permit. field turned the tide' of war and made the Uniop tri. ted to resume its relations, and have its Legislature umphant; and Congress must refuse to sanction too
proceedings of any convention composed of delegates people of Tennessee are aliens and foreigners chosen by men recently in arms against the Union, to this Union, by what right does the President and excluding men who perilled their lives in its de
of the United States usurp his place in the fence; unless its proceedings have been first approved by those hereby declared to be entitled to White House and in the capital of the country participate therein.
when an alien, as he must be, a foreigner, and 2. Resolved, That the Constitution of the United not from a State in the Union? States being supreme over State laws and State con- " I trust there will not be such rapidity of stitutions in respect of these matters upon which it speaks, and the duty being now imposed by it on
motion as that proposed. I trust that the hon. Congress to legislate for the establishment of govern- orable gentleman from Tennessee will be ment in such States respectively, it is hereby de. mitted to be heard. For, if a precedent can be clared that no supposed State law or State constitu established by the Clerk, and he can make a tion can be set up as an impediment to the national
rule to exclude members from the floor of this power in the discharge of this duty. 3. Resolved, That since, also, it has become the
House by his mere arbitrary will, this then ceases duty of Congress to determine what is a republican to be a Congress, and the Clerk of the House, form of government, it is hereby declared that no but a servant of the House, is omnipotent over government of a State recently in rebellion can be ac- its organization. Is not the State of Tennessee cepted as republican, where large masses of citizens
in the Union? who have been always loyal to the United States are excluded from the elective franchise, and especially
"And then there is a State of Virginia which where the wounded soldier of the Union, with all the Clerk has not read; I mean the old State of his kindred and race, and also the kindred of others Virginia, and not Western Virginia—the State whose bones whiten the battle-tields where they died over which Governor Pierpoint presides, over for their country, are thrust away from the polls to give place to the very men by whose hands wounds which he has presided, and to which position and death were inflicted; more particularly where he was elected during the war, whose loyalty as in some of those States, the result would be to dis- no man doubts, and who is as much the Govfranchise the majority of the citizens who were al- ernor of that State as the Governor of Pennways loyal, and give to the oligarchical minority
ty sylvania is Governor of the State of Pennrecently engaged in carrying on the rebellion the power to oppress the loyal majority, even to the sylvania. By what right has the Virginia deleextent of driving them from their homes and depriv gation been excluded by the Clerk of the ing them of all opportunity of livelihood.
House? I wish the Clerk would tell me, He 4. Resolved, That in all those cases where, by has given no reason for such exclusion, and I reason of rebellion, there is a lapse in the State gove ernment, and it becomes the duty of Congress to
i should be happy to yield the floor for a moment provide a government for the State, no government to enable him to state why both Tennessee and can be accepted as “a republican form of govern. Virginia have been excluded from the list he ment” where a large proportion of native-born citi. has made.", zens, charged with no crime and no failure of duty,
The Clerk: “ With the consent of the gentle is left wholly unrepresented, although compelled to pay taxes: and especially where a particular race is man I will state that if it be the desire of the singled out and denied áll representation, although House to have my reasons, I will give them ; compelled to pay taxes; more especially where such but I have not felt justified or called upon to race constitutes the majority of the citizens, and give any reasons; I have acted in accordance where the enfranchised minority has forfeited its with rights by rebellion; and more especially still where,
with my views of duty, and I am willing to let by such exclusion, the oligarchical enemies of the the record stand." Republic can practically compel it to break faith Mr. Stevens, of Pennsylvania, said: “It is with national soldiers and national creditors to not necessary. We know all." whose generosity it was indebted during a period of Mr. Brooks continued: “I know that it is
known to all in one quarter, but that it is not
known to many in other quarters in this House, In the House, on the 4th, the members were why this exclusion has been made. The State called to order by the Clerk, Edward McPher- of Louisiana was here upon the floor of the eon. During the call of the roll, Mr. Maynard, House last year, by the admission of gentlemen of Tennessee, arose to speak, when the Clerk from that State. The record is in the Congresdeclined to have any interruption of the call. sional Globe; and now Louisiana is excluded.
Mr. Morrill, of Vermont, moved that the A Republican House, a Republican majority, House proceed to the election of Speaker. permitted two members from Louisiana upon
Mr. Brooks, of New York, in opposition to the floor of this House to vote for its Speaker; the motion, said: “Mr. Clerk, I hope that mo- and now the Clerk of the House assumes the tion will not prevail until it be settled who are responsibility of excluding the State of Louisimembers of this House—whether the honorable ana. Why this subversion of all precedents, as gentleman from Tennessee (Mr. Maynard), hold. well as this overthrow of all law ?" ing in his hand, I presume, the certificate of Mr. Washburne, of Mlinois, said: “The genthe Governor of that State, is entitled to be tleman from New York will understand that heard on his credentials or not. I trust that the Clerk of the last House of Representatives we shall not proceed to any revolutionary step put the names of those two gentlemen from like that without at least hearing from the hon- Louisiana upon the roll, and they did, in fact, orable gentleman from Tennessee. For if Ten- vote for Speaker; but afterward the Houso nessee is not in the Union, and has not been in refused to perinit them to be sworn in as memthe Union, and is not a loyal State, ar d the bers."
Mr. Brooks further said: “But they voted for object of government-protection to all men in Speaker of the House, and were permitted here, their inalienable rights. The world should as the record shows, to vote for Speaker, though witness, in this great work, the most inflexible the point was first made by the gentleman from fidelity, the most earnest devotion to the prinPennsylvania (Mr. Stevens), and then with- ciples of liberty and humanity, the truest padrawn.
triotism, and the wisest statesmanship. “I do not choose longer to occupy the atten “Heroic men, by hundreds of thousands, tion of the House, but before I sit down I pro- have died that the Republic might live. Thé pose to move, as an amendment, that the hon- emblems of mourning have darkened White orable gentleman from Tennessee (Mr. May- House and cabin alike. But the fires of civil nard) be allowed to present the credentials of war have melted every fetter in the land, and the members from Tennessee, and that their proved the funeral-pyre of slavery. It is for names be put upon the roll.”
you, Representatives, to do your work as faithMr. Stevens, of Pennsylvania, said: “I make fully and as well as did the fearless saviors of the point of order that that amendment is not the Union on their more dangerous arena of in order, not being germane to the original duty. Then we may hope to see the vacant motion."
and once abandoned seats around us gradually The Clerk: “ The Clerk considers that & filling up, until this hall shall contain Repregood point of order, and rules out the amend- sentatives from every State and district; their ment."
hearts devoted to the Union for which they are Mr. Stevens : "I now call the previous ques- to legislate, jealous of its honor, proud of its tion."
glory, watchful of its rights, and hostile to its The demand for the previous question was enemies. And the stars on our banner, that then seconded, and the main question ordered paled when the States they represented arrayed and agreed to.
themselves in arms against the nation, will The House then proceeded to vote viva voce shine with a more brilliant light of loyalty than for Speaker, with the following result: Whole ever before. number of votes cast, 175; necessary to a “Invoking the guidance of Him who holds choice, 88; of which Mr. Colfax received 139; the destiny of nations in the hollow of His Mr. Brooks, 365
hand, I enter again upon the duties of this tryThe Clerk announced that Schuyler Colfax, ing position, with a heart filled with gratitude one of the Representatives from the State of to you for the unusually flattering manner in Indiana, having received a majority of all the which it has been bestowed, and cheered by votes given, was duly elected Speaker; where- the hope that it betokens your cordial support upon Mr. Morrill and Mr. Brooks conducted and assistance in all its grave responsibilities. Mr. Colfax to the chair, when he addressed the I am now ready to take the oath of office preHouse as follows:
scribed by law." “ Gentlemen of the House of Representatives: Mr. Washburne, of Illinois, having served The reassembling of Congress, marking, as it longest as a member of the House, was desigdoes, the procession of our national history, is nated by the Clerk to administer to the Speakalways regarded with interest by the people for er-elect the oath prescribed by law; which whom it is to legislate. But it is not unsafe to was done in the following form: say that millions more than ever before, North,
I, Schuyler Colfax, do solemnly swear that I have South, East, and West, are looking to the Con never voluntarily borne arms against the United gress which opens its session to-day, with an States since I have been a citizen thereof; that I earnestness and solicitude unequalled on similar have voluntarily given no aid, countenance, counsel, occasions in the past. The Thirty-eighth Con- tility thereto ; that I have neither sought nor acceptgress closed its constitutional existence with ed nor attempted to exercise the functions of any the storm-cloud of war still lowering over us; office whatever, under any authority or pretended and, after a nine months' absence, Congress re- authority in hostility to the United States ; that I have sumes its legislative authority in these council not yielded a voluntary support to any pretended halls, rejoicing that from shore to shore in our
government, authority, power, or constitution within land there is peace.
the United States, hostile or inimical thereto. And
I do further swear that, to the best of my knowledge “Its duties are as obvious as the sun's path- and ability, I will support and defend the Constituway in the heavens. Representing, in its two tion of the United States against all enemies, foreign branches, the States and the people, its first and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegi. and highest obligation is to gaarantee to every without any mental reservation or purpose of eva
ance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, State a republican form of government. The re- sion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge bellion having overthrown constitutional State the duties of the office on which I am about to enter. governments in many States, it is yours to ma So help me God. ture and enact legislation which, with the con Mr. Wilson, of Iowa, offered the following currence of the Executive, shall establish them resolution: anew on such a basis of enduring justice as will
Resolved, That the following-named persons are guarantee all necessary safeguards to the people, hereby declared to be officers of the House of Repreand afford, what our Magna Charta, the Decla-sentatives for and during the Thirty-ninth Congress, ration of Independence, proclaims is the chief and until their successors are duly qualified: Ed.
ward McPherson, of the State of Pennsylvania, tion of the Southern States was read, and, as Clerk; N. G. Ordway, of the State of New Hamp. objection was made to its further consideration, of New York, Doorkeeper; and Josiah Ġiven, of the laid aside under the rules. State of Ohio, Postmaster.
Mr. Cowan, of Pennsylvania, presented the
credentials of William L. Sharkey and James The question was taken ; and it was decided Alcorn, elected Senators by the
Legislature of in the affirmative-yeas 138, nays 35, not vot- Mississippi, which were ordered to lie on the ing 9.
table. So the resolution was adopted.
Mr. Foot, of Vermont, presented the followMr. Stevens, of Pennsylvania, offered the fol- ing
resolutions adopted by the Legislature of lowing resolution, and called the previous ques- that State: tion:
Joint resolutions in relation to the reconstruction of the Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives
States recently in rebellion against the United States. in Congress assembled, That a joint committee of fif.
Resolved, That it is the sense of the General Asteen members shall be appointed, nine of whom shall be members of the House and 'six members of the sembly of this State, that in the reconstruction of
the governments of the States lately in rebellion Senate, who shall inquire into the condition of the States which formed the so-called Confederate States against the Government and authority of the United of America, and report whether they or any of them States, the moral power and legal authority vested are entitled to be represented in either House of
in the Federal Government should be executed, to Congress, with leave to report at any time by bill or
secure equal rights, without respect to color, to all otherwise ; and until such report shall have been citizens residing in those States, including herein made and finally acted upon by Congress, no mem.
the right of elective franchise. ber shall be received into either House from any of
Resolved, That the Secretary of State is hereby inthe said so-called Confederate States; and all papers structed to transmit a copy of these resolutions to relating to the representation of the said States shall the President of the United States, to the Governors be referred to the said committee without debate.
of the several States, and also a copy to each one of
our Senators and Representatives in Congress, who The previous question was seconded, and the are hereby requested to present the same to both
Houses of Congress. main question ordered ; which was upon agree
JOHN W. STEWART, ing to the concurrent resolution, and it was de
Speaker of the House of Representatives. cided in the affirmative.
A. B. GARDNER,
President of the Senate. Yeas-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Anderson, Baker, Baldwin, Banks, Barker, Baxter, Beaman, Benjamin, Bidwell, Bingham, Blow, Boutwell, Bran In the Housc, on the 5th, Mr. Grinnell, of dagee, Bromwell, Broomall, Buckland, Bundy, Iowa, moved to proceed to the election of Reader W. Clark, Sidney Clarke, Cobb, Conkling, Chaplain, which was agreed to. Cook, Cullom, Culver, Darling, Davis, Dawes, Defrees, Delano, Deming, Dixon, Donnelly, Driges; to present, for the position of Chaplain of this
Mr. Griswold, of New York, said: “I desire Ferry, Garfield, Grinnell
, Griswold, Hale, Abner c. House, the name of Rev. O. B. Boynton, a genHarding, Hart, Hayes, Henderson, Nigby, Hill, tleman whose qualifications and claims, were Holmes, Hooper, Hotchkiss, Asahel w. Hubbard, they known to this House, would, I am sure,
Mr. Boynton bard, James R. Hubbell, Hulburd, James Hum. meet with ready recognition. phrey, Ingersoll
, Jenckes, Julian, Kasson, Kelley, has recently removed to this city from Ohio. Kelso, Ketchum, Kuykendall, Laflin, Latham, George He is a Congregational clergyman, and a gentleV. Lawrence, William Lawrence, Loan, Longyear, man of splendid abilities. He is now engaged Lynch, Marston, Marvin, McClurg, McIndoe, McKee in writing a history of the American navy durMoulton, Myers, Newell, O'Neill, 'orth, Paine, Pat: ing the war just closed. He is in all respects a terson, Perham, Phelps, Pike, Pomeroy, Price, Wil. man eminently worthy to occupy the position of liam H. Randall, Raymond, Alexander H. Rice, John Chaplain of this House. With pen and voice, H. Rice, Rollins, Sawyer, Schenck, Schofield, Shella- in the pulpit and out of the pulpit, he has, durbarger,'Smith, Spalding, Starr, Stevens, Stillwell
, ing the war, rendered the country signal and Aernam, Burt Van Horn, Robert T.' Van Horn, unremitting service. He has given three sons Ward, Warner, Elihu B. Washburne, Welker, Wents to the army, one of whom served with great worth, Whaley, Williams, James F, Wilson, Stephen distinction as colonel of an Ohio regiment. I F. Wilson, Windom, and Woodbridge—133. Nays-Messrs. Ancona, Bergen, Boyer, Brooks,
desire to assure gentlemen of this House who Chanler, Dawson, Denison, Eldridge, Finck, Gloss. may not be acquainted with Mr. Boynton that brenner, Goodyear, Grider, Aaron Harding, Hogan, he will, if elected, make a most acceptable James M. Humphrey, Johnson, Kerr, Le Blond, Mc- Chaplain. I take pleasure in presenting his Cullough, Niblack, Nicholson, Noell, Radford, Sam name as a candidate.” uel J. Randall, Ritter, Rogers, Ross, Shanklin, Sit. greaves, Strouse, Tabor, Taylor, Thornton, Trimble, inate Rev. Thomas H. Stockton, of Philadel
Mr. O'Neill, of Pennsylvania, said: "I nomWinfield, and Wright-36.
Nor Voting-Messrs. Delos R. Ashley, James M. phia. It is needless for me to say any thing Ashley, Blaine, Farquhar, Harris, Edwin N. Hubbell, in commendation of this gentleman. He was Jones, Marshall, Plants, Rousseau, Sloan, Francis formerly the Chaplain of this House, and as Thomas, Voorhees, and William B. Washburn-13.
such distinguished himself by his faithfulness,
eloquence, and piety. He is well known In the Senate, on December 5th, the concur- throughout the country as one of its most emirent resolution from the House on the condi- nent divines. He is one of the leading minis