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man the following letter. It will serve, as one instance, to show that faithfulness for which he was so remarkable.
“ Reverend AND DEAR SIR,-I have obligations to you, on many accounts, from the time I first saw you ; particularly for the kind concern you showed, when I was ill at Tandragee. These have increased upon me every time that I have since had the pleasure of waiting upon you. Permit me, Sir, to speak without reserve. Esteem was added to my affectionate regard, when I saw the uncommon pains you took with the flock committed to your care; as also, when I observed the remarkably serious manner wherein you read prayers in your family. Many years have passed since that time ; many more than I am likely to see under the sun. But before I go hence, I would fain give you one instance of my sincere regard ; the rather, because I can scarce expect to see you again till we meet in a better world. But it is difficult for me to do it, as I feel myself inferior to you in so many respects. Yet permit me to ask a strange question, Is your soul as much alive to God as it was once ? Have you not suffered loss from your relations or acquaintance, that are sensible and agreeable men, but not incumbered with religion ? Some of them, perhaps, as free from the very form, as from the power of it. O Sir, if you lose
any of the things which you have wrought, who can make you amends for that loss? If you do not receive a full reward, what equivalent can you gain? I was pained, even at your hospitable table, in the midst of those I loved so well. We did not begin and close the meal in the same manner you did ten years ago! You was then, contrary to almost universal custom, unfashionably serious in asking a blessing and returning thanks. I know many would blame you for it : But surely the Lord said, Servant of God, well done! Wishing you and your lovely family every blessing,
“I am, Reverend and dear Sir,
« J. Wesley."
On his return, he notes in his Journal :-“ For seventy years I have observed, that England abounds with prophets, who confidently foretel many terrible things. They generally believe themselves; but are carried
away with a vain imagination ; and are seldom undeceived, even by the failure of their predictions, but still believe, they will be fulfilled some time or other."-Such was the constant sobriety of his mind, and so did he reprove the pestilent spirit of curiosity, too common even among good men.
The following paper is without date; and though it was probably written before this period, I shall insert it here, omitting an observation or two, which could not now be considered interesting. The style is truly Wesleyan, and the thoughts may be of use even in our day. We have still men in the nation, both pious and learned, who are as fanciful as Mr. Hutchinson himself.
" To the Reverend Dean D
“ REVEREND SIR,—When Dr. Bentley published his Greek Testament, one remarked, · Pity but he would publish the Old ; then we should have two New Testaments ! It is done. Those who receive Mr. Hutchinson's emendations certainly have two New Testaments! But I stumble at the threshold. Can we believe, that God left his whole Church so ignorant of the Scripture till yesterday? And if He was pleased to reveal the sense of it now, to whom may we suppose he would reveal it? • All Scripture,' says Kempis, must be understood by the same Spirit whereby it was written.' And a greater than he says, “Them that are meek will He guide in judgment, and them that are gentle will He learn his way.' But was Mr. Hutchinson eminently meek and gentle?
“ However, in order to learn all I could from his works, after first consulting them, I carefully read over Mr. Spearman, Mr. Jones's ingenious book, and the Glasgow Abridgment. I read the last with Mr. Thomas Walsh, [already mentioned,] the best Hebræan I ever knew. I never asked him the meaning of a Hebrew
word, but he would immediately tell me, how often it occurred in the Bible, and what it meant in each place! We then both observed, that Mr. Hutchinson's whole scheme is built upon etymologies ; the most uncertain foundation in the world, and the least to be depended upon. We observed, Secondly, that if the points be allowed, all his building sinks at once : And Thirdly, that, setting them aside, many of his etymologies are forced and unnatural. He frequently, to find the etymology of one word, squeezes two radices together; a liberty never to be taken, where a word may fairly be derived from a single radix.
“ But may I hazard a few words on the points? Mr. H. affirms, they were invented by the Masorites, only thirteen or fourteen hundred years ago, in order to destroy the sense of Scripture. I doubt this : Who can prove it? Who can prove they were not as old as Ezra, if not coeval with the language? Let any one give a fair reading, only to what Dr. Cornelius Bayley has offered in the Preface to his Hebrew Grammar, and he will be as sick of reading without points as I am; at least, till he can answer the Doctor's arguments, he will not be so positive upon the question.
“ As to his Theology, I first stumble at his profuse encomiums on the Hebrew language. But, it may be said, Is it not the language which God himself used? And, is not Greek too the language which God himself used ? And did he not use it in delivering to man a far more perfect dispensation, than that which he delivered in Hebrew? Who can deny it? And does not even this consideration give us reason at least to suspect, that the Greek language is as far superior to the Hebrew, as the New Testament is to the Old ? And, indeed, if we set prejudice aside, and consider both, with attention and candour, can we help seeing, that the Greek excels the Hebrew, as much in beauty and strength as it does in copiousness? I suppose, no one from the beginning of the world wrote better Hebrew than Moses. But does not the language of St. Paul excel the language of Moses, as much as the knowledge of St. Paul excelled his ?
" I speak this, even on supposition that you read the Hebrew, as I believe Ezra, if not Moses, did with points. For, if we read it in the modern way without points, I appeal to every competent judge, whether it be not the most equivocal.”—The paper has been partly destroyed.
In the countries which have hitherto been considered, (the Isle of Man excepted,) the English language has been universally spoken. But Divine Providence led Mr. Wesley, with the Preachers in connexion with him, into an unexpected line of usefulness, promising the happiest results.
The Islands of Jersey, Guernsey, and Alderney, are situated in St. Michael's Bay, near the coast of Normandy. They are the only remains of the Norman dominions annexed to Great Britain by William the Conqueror. The inhabitants in general, (those of the principal towns excepted,) speak only French.
Jersey was known to the ancient Romans under the name of Cæsarea. It is twelve miles in length, and contains about twenty thousand inhabitants. Guernsey is seven or eight miles long, and contains about fifteen thousand people. These two islands are exceedingly fertile and healthy. Alderney is about eight miles in circumference, and has about three or four thousand inhabitants.
In a regiment of soldiers, which was sent over to Jersey in the French war, before the Revolution, there were a few serious Christians who had heard the Gospel in one of the seaport towns of England. These men, finding no help for their souls in the island, wrote to Mr. Wesley, entreating him to send them a Preacher. Mr. Brackenbury, a gentleman of fortune in Lincolnshire, who had joined the society, and soon after preached in connexion with Mr. Wesley, was present when the letter was received, and offered his service, as he had some acquaintance with the French language. Mr. Wesley readily accepted the offer. Mr. Brackenbury set off for Jersey, rented a house in the town of St. Helier, preached the Gospel through the island, and was the instrument of turning many from their sins to God. At first, his religious assemblies were greatly disturbed, particularly in the parish of St. Mary, by a miserable set of ungodly men, who, on an appeal to the Civil Magistrate, were fined, and obliged to give security for their good behaviour.
In the year 1786, Mr. Wesley sent another Preacher, Mr. (now Dr.) Adam Clarke, to the Island of Jersey. Mr. Clarke preached several times in the town of St. Aubin, surrounded by a very violent mob, from whom he received much abuse, and was often in danger of losing his life. The rioters tore the house in which he preached almost to pieces. At another time, one of the Magistrates headed a large mob, and pulled down Mr. Clarke from the pulpit with his own hands. The drummer of the St. Aubin Militia was then called, who had the honour of violently assaulting the Minister of God, and afterwards of drumming him through and out of the town. Mr. Clarke, however, was not to be intimidated by the usage he met with, but continued his visits and labours, till he at last outweathered the storm. Regular preaching was then established in the town, and even the mob themselves reverenced the Preacher.
From this time, religion Aourished more and more in the Island of Jersey. Many Preachers were raised among the natives, and societies formed all over the island.
In the course of these events, a shopkeeper of the Island of Guernsey, whose name was Arrivé, visited Jersey, and, under the preaching of Mr. Brackenbury, was convinced of sin. He then invited Mr. Brackenbury to visit Gaernsey. He went, and was universally well" received. Many of the gentry opened their houses to him, and permitted him to preach in their parlours. Dr. Coke, who about this time visited the French Islands, followed Mr. Brackenbury in Guernsey, and formed the first society in that island. Afterwards, Mr. Clarke, with much pain and difficulty, accompanied by many remarkable providences, erected a very commodious chapel in the town of St. Peter, in which a large congregation regularly attended. Much good was done, till a foppish Minister, (as a pious man then on the island observes,) came there from England, and introduced doubtful disputations, respecting the decrees of God, among the people, and thereby exceedingly injured the congregation and the work in general. • It nearly cost me my life,” says the same person, "to bring back into the way of salvation those whom he had been so unhappy as to turn out of it.”
Mr. De Queteville, a native of Jersey, was also very useful in the Island of Guernsey, particularly in the country parts, where the French language alone is spoken. But he endured great persecutions. The most horrid things were laid to his charge. A prosecution was carried on against him in the Supreme Court, with the design of procuring a sentence of banishment. But the very witnesses who were employed to swear the falsest things against him, and most probably intended it when they first appeared before the Court, were yet strangely led to give the most pointed evidence in his favour, which entirely counteracted all the designs of his enemies.
In the beginning of the year 1787, Mr. Clarke visited the Isle of Alderney. When he arrived, he knew not where to go: He had no acquaintance in the island, nor had any person invited him thither. For some time, he was perplexed in reasoning on his situation, till that word of the God of Missionaries powerfully impressed his mind, “Into whatsoever house ye enter, first say, Peace be to this house, and in the same house remain, eating and drinking such things as they give,” Luke x, 5, 7.
On this, he took courage, and proceeded to the town, which is about a mile distant from the harbour. After having walked some way into it, he took particular notice of a very poor cottage, into which he found a strong inclination to enter. He did so, with—“ Peace be to this house !" and found in it an old man and woman, who, understandiug his business, bade him as welcome to the best food they had, to a little chamber where he might sleep, and, (what was still more acceptable,) to their house to preach in.” He now saw clearly the hand of Providence in his favour, and was much encouraged.
Being unwilling to lose any time, he told them he would preach that evening, if they could convene a congregation. The strange news spread rapidly through the town ; and long before the appointed hour, a multitude of people flocked together, to whom he spoke of the kingdom of God,' nearly as long as the little strength he had, after the fatigues of his
voyage, remained. When he had concluded, it was with much difficulty he could persuade them to depart, after promising to preach to them again the next evening. He then retired to his little apartment, where he had not rested twenty minutes, when the good woman of the house came and entreated him to preach again, as several of the gentry, (among whom was one of the Justices,) were come to hear what he He went down immediately, and found the house once more full. Deep attention sat on every face, while he showed the great need they had of a Saviour, and exhorted them to turn immediately from all their iniquities to the living God. He continued in this good work about an hour, and concluded with informing them, what his design was in visiting their island, and the motives that induced him thereto.
had to say.
Having ended, the Justice stepped forward, exchanged a few very civil words with him, aud desired to see the book out of which he had been speaking. He handed his Bible to him. The Justice looked at it with attention, and returned it with apparent satisfaction. The congregation then departed ; and the concern evident on many of their countenances fully proved, that God had added his testimony to that of his servant.
The next evening, he preached again to a large attentive company. But a singular circumstance happened the following day. While he was at dinner, a constable came, from a person in authority, to solicit his immediate appearance at a place called the Bray, (where several reputable families dwell, and where the Governor's stores are kept,) to preach to a company of gentlemen and ladies, who were waiting, and at whose desire one of the large store-rooms was prepared for the purpose. He immediately went, and in a quarter of an hour after his arrival, a large company was assembled. The gentry were not so partial to themselves, as to exclude the sailors or labourers. All heard with deep attention, except an English gentleman, so called ; who, perhaps, meant to show the islanders, how much he despised sacred things.
The next Lord's-day, in the evening, he preached again in the same place to a much larger congregation, composed of the principal gentry of the island. The day following, being the time appointed for his return, many were unwilling he should leave them, saying, “We have much need of such preaching and such a Preacher: We wish you would abide in the island, and go back no more.” However, the vessel being aground, he was detained till the next morning, to the great joy of his new friends, when after a tender parting, he left the island.
After this, the native Preachers, raised up in Jersey and Guernsey, visited this little island : And, by their means, a chapel has been erected, a large society formed, and many souls brought to the knowledge of God.
On Monday, August 6, 1787, Mr. Wesley, with Dr. Coke and Mr. Bradford, set off from the Manchester Conference to visit the French Islands. On the 11th, they sailed from Southampton, but contrary winds and stormy weather obliged them to fly for refuge, first into the port of Yarmouth in the Isle of Wight, and afterwards into that of Swanage. On the 14th, they expected to reach tbe Isle of Guernsey in the afternoon; but the wind turning contrary, and blowing hard, they were obliged to sail for Alderney. But they were very near being shipwrecked in the Bay. Being in the midst of rocks, with the sea rippling all around them, the wind having totally failed. Had they continued in this situation many minutes longer, the vessel must have struck on one or other of the rocks. So they went to prayer, and the wind sprung up instantly, and brought them about sunset to the port of Alderney.
At eight the next morning, Mr. Wesley preached on the Beach, near the place where he lodged; and before his hymn was ended, had a