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President of the United States, JOAN P. HALE, of New-person should be deprived of life, liberty or property Hampshire, and as a candidate for the office of Vice- without due process of law, it becomes our duty to mainPresident of the United States, GEORGE W. JULIAN, of tain this provision of the Constitution against all attempts Indiana, and earnestly commend them to the support to violate it for the purpose of establishing Slavery in of all Freemen and all parties.
any territory of the United States, by positive legislation,
prohibiting its existence or extension therein. That wo The result of this contest was an overwhelm-deny the authority of Congress, of a territorial legislaing triumph of the regular Democracy : Pierce ture, of any individual or association of individuals, to and King carrying every State except Massachu- sive legal existence to Slavery in any territory of the setts, Vermont, Kentucky, and Tennessee, which Waited States, while the present Constitution shall be cast their votes for Gen. Scott. The Free Demo- Resolved, That the Constitution confers upon Congress cratic vote in several States would have given sovereign power over the territories of the Ūnited States those States to Scott, had it been cast for him. power it is both the right and the duty of Congress to
prohibit in the territories those twin relics of barbarism
-Polygamy and Slavery. REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION-states was ordained and established by the people in
Resolved, that while the Constitution of the United 1856.
order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice,
insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common de. This Convention met at Philadelphia on the sense, and secure the blessings of liberty, and contains 17th of June, and chose Col. Henry S. Lane, of ample provisions for the protection of the life, liberty Indiana, as presiding officer. An informal bal- rights of the people of Kansas have been fraudulently lot for President resulted as follows:
and violently taken from them-their territory has been invaded by an armed force--spurious and pretended legislative, judicial and executive officers have been set over them, by whose usurped authority, sustained by the military power of the Government, tyrannical and un
constitutional laws have been enacted and enforced Maine, 11 Indiana
21 the rights of the people to keep and bear arms have New-Hampshire.. 15
19 been infringed-test oaths of an extraordinary and enMichigan.
tangling nature have been imposed, as a condition of Massachusetts.... 39 Wisconsin...
exercising the right of suffrage and holding office-the
right of an accused person to a speedy and public trial Connecticut...
8 by an impartial jury has been denied-the right of the 3 Kansas
people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and New-Jersey 14 Nebraska..
8 effects against unreasonable searches and seizures has Pennsylvania.. 10 71 Kentucky
been violated-they have been deprived of life, liberty 9 California, .
and property without due process of law-that the freeMaryland..
dom of speech and of the press has been abridged-the Ohio..... 80 89
196 right to choose their representatives has been made of New-York also gave two votes for Sumner no effect-murders, robberies and arsons have been instiand one for Seward.
gated and encouraged, and the offenders have been
allowed to go unpunished-that all these things have Col. John C. Fremont was thereupon unani- been done with the knowledge, sanction and procuremously nominated.
ment of the present Administration, and that for this William L. Dayton was nominated for Vice-manity, we arraign the Administration, the President, his
high crime against the Constitution, the Union and HuPresident, receiving, on the informal ballot, advisers, agents, supporters, apologists and accessories, 259 votes to 43 for David Wilmot; 110 for either before or after the facts, before the country and Abraham Lincoln ; 7 for Thomas Ford; 35 for bring the actual perpetrators of these atrocious outrages, Charles Sumner; 4 for Cassius M. Clay; 15 for and their accomplices, to a sure and condign punishment Jacob Collamer; 2 for J. R. Giddings; 2 for hereafter. W. F. Johnston; 46 for N. P. Banks ; 1 for A. ted as a State of the Union, with her present free Consti
Resowed, That Kansas should be immediately admitC. M. Pennington; 5 for Henry Wilson ; 9 for tution, as at once the most effectual way of securing to John A. King ; 3 for Henry C. Carey; and 8 for her citizens the enjoyment of the rights and privileges to Gen. S. C. Pomeroy of Kansas. Á formal bal. which they are entitled; and of ending the civil strife
now raging in her territory. lot was then taken, when Mr. Dayton was nomi- Resolved, That the highwayman's plea, that "might nated unanimously.
makes right,” embodied in the Ostend Circular, was in The Convention adopted the following
every respect unworthy of American diplomacy, and would bring shame and dishonor upon any government or people that gave it their sanction.
Resoloed, That a railroad to the Pacific Ocean, by the This Convention of Delegates, assembled in pursuance most central and practicable route, is imperatively deof a call addressed to the people of the United States, manded by the interests of the whole country, and that without regard to past political differences or divisions, the Federal Government ought to render immediate and who are opposed to the repeal of the Missouri Compro- efficient aid in its construction; and, as an auxiliary mise, to the policy of the present Administration, to the thereto, the immediate construction of an emigrant route extension of Slavery into Free Territory; in favor of
on the line of the railroad. admitting Kansas as a Free State, of restoring the action Resolved, That appropriations by Congress for the of the Federal Government to the principles of Washing- improvement of rivers and harbors, of a national characton and Jefferson, and who purpose to unite in present- ter, required for the accommodation and security of our ing candidates for the offices of President and Vice-existing commerce, are authorized by the Constitution, President, do resolve as follows:
and justified by the obligation of government to protect Resoloed, That the maintenance of the principles pro- the lives and property of its citizens. mulgated in the Declaration of Independence and embodied in the Federal Constitntion is essential to the
This contest resulted in the election of the preservation of our Republican Institutions, and that Democratic nominees, Buchanan and Breckinthe Federal Constitution, the rights of the States, and ridge, who received the electoral votes of the Union of the States, shall be preserved.
Resoloed, That with our republican fathers we hold it New-Jersey, 7; Pennsylvania, 27; Delaware, 3; Vir. to be a self-evident truth, that all men are endowed with ginia, 15; North Carolina, 10; South Carolina, 8; the inalienable rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of Georgia, 10; Alabama, 9; Mississippi, 7; Louisiana, 6; happiness, and that the primary object and ulterior de Tennessee, 12; Kentucky, 12; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; signs of our Federal Government were, to secure these Missouri, 9; Arkansas, 4; Florida, 3; Texas, 4; Califorrights to all persons within its exclusive jurisdiction; nia, 4.-174. that, as our republican fathers, when they had abolished For Fremont and Dayton: Maine, 8; New-Hampshire, Slavery in all our national territory, ordained that no 15; Vermont, 5; Massachusetts, 13; Rhode Island, 4;
Connecticut, 6; New-York, 85; Ohio, 23; Michigan, 6; viency to the stronger, and an insolent and cowardly lowa, 4; Wisconsin, 5-114.
bravado toward the weaker powers; as shown in reFillmore and Donelson, Maryland, 8.
opening sectional agitation, by the repeal of the Missouri Compromise ; as shown in granting to unnaturalized foreigners the right of suffrage in Kansas and Nebraska; ar
shown in its vacillating course on the Kansas and New AMERICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION- braska question; as shown in the corruptions which per. 1856.
vade some of the Departments of the Government; a.
shown in disgracing meritorious naval officers through The American National Council met in Phila- prejudice or caprice : and as shown in the blundering
mismanagement of our foreign relations. delphia February 19, 1856. All the States ex
14. Therefore, to remedy existing evils, and prevent cept four or five were represented. E. B. the disastrous consequences otherwise resulting thereBartlett, of Ky., President of the National Coun- from, we would build up the “ American Party” upon cil presided, and, after a rather stormy session the principles herein before stated.
15. That each State Council shall have authority to of three days, devoted mainly to the discussion amend their several constitutions, so as to abolish the of a Party Platform, the following, on the 21st, several degrees and substitute a pledge of honor, instead was adopted :
of other obligations, for fellowship and admission into
the party, AMERICAN PLATFORM.
16. A free and open discussion of all political princi
ples embraced in our Platform. 1. An humble acknowledgment to the Supreme Being, for his protecting care vouchsafed to our fathers in their
On the following day (Feb. 22,) the America: successful Revolutionary struggle, and hitherto mani. National Nominating Convention, composed the liberties, the independence, and the union of these mostly of the same gentlemen who had deliberStates.
ated as the National Council, organized at Phila2. The perpetuation of the Federal Union and Consti- delphia, with 227 delegates in attendance, tution, as the palladium of our civil and religious liber. Maine, Vermont, Georgia, and South Carolina, ties, and the only sure bulwarks of American Indepen, being the only States not represented. Ephraim dence.
3. Americans must rulo America ; and to this end Marsh, of New-Jersey, was chosen to preside, native-born citizens should be selected for all State, and the Convention remained in session till the Federal and municipal offices of government employ 25th, and, after disposing of several cases of
4. Persons born of American parents residing tempo contested seats, discussed at considerable length, rarily abroad, should be entitled to all the rights of and with great warmth, the question of the native-born citizens.
5. No person should be selected for political station power of the National Council to establish a (whether of native or foreign birth), who recognizes any Platform for the Convention, which should be allegiance or obligation of any description to any foreign of binding force upon that body. Finally, Mr. prince, potentate or power, or who refuses to recognize Killinger, of Pennsylvania, proposed the folsphere) as paramount to all other laws, as rules of polit- lowing: ical action.
Resolved, that the National Council has no authority 6. The unqualified recognition and maintenance of the to prescribe a Platform of principles for this Nominating reserved rights of the several States, and the cultivation Convention, and that we will nominate for President and of harmony and fraternal good will between the citizens Vice-President no man who is not in favor of interdictof the several States, and to this end, non-interference ing the introduction of Slavery into Territory north 36° by Congress with questions appertaining solely to the 80' by congressional action. individual States, and non-intervention by each State with the affairs of any other State.
A motion to lay this resolution on the table 7. The recognition of the right of native-born and was adopted, 141 to 59. A motion was then naturalized citizens of the United States, permanently made to proceed to the nomination of a candi. tion and laws, and to regulate their domestic and social date for President, which was carried, 161 to affairs in their own mode, subject only to the provisions 51, the Anti-Slavery delegates, or North Amerislon into the Union whenever they have the requisite cans, as they were called, voting in the
negapopulation for one Representative in Congress : Pro- tive, and desiring to postpone the nomination. cided, always, that none but those who are citizens of But being beaten at all points, they (to the numthe Únited States, under the Constitution and laws ber of about 50) either withdrew or refused to Territory, ought to participate in the formation of the take any further part in the proceedings of the Constitution, or in the enactment of laws for said Terri- Convention, and many of them subsequently tory or State.
supported Col. Fremont for President. 8. An enforcement of the principles that no State or Territory ought to admit others than citizens to the right
An informal ballot was then taken for Presi of suffrage, or of holding political offices of the United dent, which resulted as follows: States.
M. Fillmore, of N. Y..... 71 John Bell, Tennessee... 5 9. A change in the laws of naturalization, making a George Law, N. Y....... 27 Kenneth Raynor, N. C.. ? continued residence of twenty-one years, of all not here- Garrett Davis, Ky...... 13 Erastus Brooks, N. Y.... 3 tofore provided for, an indispensable requisite for citizen- John McLean, Ohio.... 7 Lewis D. Campbell, Ohio, 1 ship hereafter, and excluding all paupers, and persons R. F. Stockton, N. J..... 8 John M. Clayton, Del.... 1 convicted of crime, from landing upon our shores; but Sam, Houston, Texas... Do interference with the vested rights of foreigners.
10. Opposition to any union between Church and A formal ballot was then taken, when Mr. State; no interference with religious faith or worship, Fillmore was nominated as follows: and no test oaths for office.
Fillmore, 179 ; Law, 24; Raynor, 14; McLean, 18, 11. Free and thorough investigation into any and all Davis, 10; 'Houston, 3. alleged abuses of public functionaries, and a strict econ- Necessary to a choice, 122. omy in public expenditures. 12. The maintenance and enforcement of all laws con
Millard Fillmore was then declared to be the stitutionally enacted until said laws shall be repealed, nominee. or shall be declared null and void by competent judicial
A ballot was then taken for Vice-President, authority.
18. Opposition to the reckless and unwise policy of the and Andrew Jackson Donelson, of Tennessee, present Administration in the general management of
was nominated as follows: our national affairs, and more especially as shown in removing “Americans” (by designation) and Conserva
A. J. Donelson, Ten., 181; Percy Walker, Ala., 8 tives in principle,
from ofice, and placing foreigners and Henry J. Gardner, Mass., 8; Kenneth Raynor, N. c., 8 Flbmabats in their places ; as shown in a truckling subser
Mr. Donelson was then declared to be unani.
mously nominated, and the Convention ad. (and ample protection of persons and property from journed.
domestic violence and foreign aggression.
6. That it is the duty of every branch of the Govern
ment to enforce and practice the most rigid economy in DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION— ought to be raised than is required to defray the neces
conducting our public affairs, and that no more revenue 1856.
sary expenses of the government, and gradual but certain
extinction of the public debt. This Convention met at Cincinnati on the 2d 6. That the proceeds of the public lands ought to be of June, and chose John E. Ward, of Georgia, Constitution, and that we are opposed to any law for the
sacredly applied to the national objects specified in the to preside, and nominated James Buchanan on distribution of such proceeds among the States, as alike the 17th ballot, as follows:
inexpedient in policy, and repugnant to the Constitution.
7. That Congress has no power to charter a National Ballots. Buchanan. Pierce. Douglas. Cass. Bank ; that we believe such an institution one of deadly 1. 135 122 83
hostility to the best interests of this country, dangerous 2. 139 1191
6 to our republican institutions and the liberties of the peo8 1391 119 82
54 ple, and calculated to place the business of the country 4. 1415 119 80
54 within the control of a concentrated money power and 5. 140
5+ above the laws and will of the people; and the results of 6. 155
the Democratic legislation in this and all other financial 7. 1434
measures upon which issues have been made between the 8.
two political parties of the country, have demonstrated 9. 146 87 56
to candid and practical men of all parties their sound10. 1501
ness, safety and utility in all business pursuits. 11. 147+
8. That the separation of the moneys of the Govern. 12. 148
ment from banking institutions is indispensable to the 13. 150 77 63
51 safety of the funds of the Government and the rights of 14. 152 75 63
9. That we are decidedly opposed to taking from the 16. 168
President the qualified Veto power, by which he is ena17. 296
bled, under restrictions and responsibilities amply sufiMr. Buchanan having been unanimously
cient to guard the public interests, to suspend the passage
of a bill whose merits cannot secure the approval of twonominated for President, the Convention pro-thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, until ceeded to ballot for a candidate for Vice-Presi- the judgment of the people can be obtained thereon, and dent, the first ballot resulting as follows:
which has saved the American people from the corrupt
and tyrannical dominion of the Bank of the United J. A. Quitman, Miss 59 | J. C. Breckinridge, Ky... 55 States, and from a corrupting system of general internal Linn Boyd, Ky........ 33 B. Fitzpatrick, Ala....... 11 improvements. A. V. Brown, Tenn.,... 29 H. V. Johnson, Ga.,.... 81 10. That the liberal principles embodied by Jefferson in J. A. Bayard, Del.,.... 31 Trusten Polk, Mo.,.... 5 the Declaration of Independence, and sanctioned in the T. J. Rusk, Texas,. 2 / J. C. Dobbin, N. C.,..... 13 Constitution, which makes ours the land of liberty and
On the second ballot, the name of Gen. Quit- the asylum of the oppressed of every nation, have ever man was withdrawn, as were also those of other every attempt to abridge the privilege of becoming citi
been cardinal principles in the Democratic faith; and leading candidates, and Mr. Breckinridge was zens and the owners of soil among us ought to be reunanimously nominated.
sisted with the same spirit which swept the alien and se
dition laws from our statute books. The Convention adopted the following
And whereas, Since the foregoing declaration was uni
formly adopted by our predecessors in National Conven: PLATFORM:
tion, an adverse political and religious test has been se Resoloed, That the American Democracy place their cretly, organized by a party claiming to be exclusively trust in the intelligence, the patriotism, and the discrimi- American, and it is proper that the American Democracy aating justice of the American people,
should clearly define its relations thereto; and declare Resolved, That we regard this as a distinctive feature its determined opposition to all secret political societies, of our political creed, which we are proud to maintain by whatever name they may be called. before the world as a great moral element in a form of
Rosoled, That the foundation of this Union of States government springing from and upheld by the popular having been laid in, and its prosperity, expansion, and will; and we contrast it with the creed and practice of preëminent example of free government, built upon en. Federalism, under whatever name or form, which seeks tire freedom in matters of religious concernment, and no to palsy the will of the Constituent, and which conceives respect of persons in regard to rank, or place of birth, no imposture too monstrous for the popular credulity. no party can justly be deemed national, constitutional, Resowed, therefore, That entertaining these views, the
or in accordance with American principles, which bases Democratic party of this Union, through their delegates, its exclusive organization upon religious opinions and assembled in general Convention, coming together in a accidental birth-place. And hence a political crusade in spirit of concord, of devotion to the doctrines and faith the nineteenth century, and in the United States of Ameof a free representative government, and appealing to rica, against Catholics and foreign-born, is neither justified their fellow-citizens for the rectitude of their intentions, by the past history nor future prospects of the country, renew and reassert before the American people, the nor in unison with the spirit of toleration, and enlightdeclarations of principles avowed by them, when, on
ened freedom which peculiarly distinguishes the Ameriformer occasions, in general Convention, they have pre- can system of popular government. sented their candidates for the popular suffrage.
Resowed, That we reiterate with renewed energy of 1. That the Federal Government is one of limited power, purpose the well considered declarations of former con. derived solely from the Constitution, and the grants of ventions upon the sectional issue of domestic slavery power made therein ought to be strictly construed by all and concerning the reserved rights of the
States the departments and agents of the Government, and that
1. That Congress has no power under the Constitution it is inexpedient and dangerous to exercise doubtful con.
to interfere with or control the domestic institutions of stitutional powers.
the several States, and that all such States are the sole 2. That the Constitution does not confer upon the and proper judges of everything appertaining to their General Government the power to commence and carry efforts of the Abolitionists or others made to induce Con
own affairs not prohibited by the Constitution; that all on a general system of internal improvements.
8. That the Constitution does not confer authority upon gress to interfere with questions of Slavery, or to tako the Federal Government, directly or indirectly, to assume incipient steps in relation thereto, are calculated to lead the debts of the several States, contracted for local and to the most alarming and dangerous consequences, and internal improvements, or other State purposes, nor
that all such efforts have an inevitable tendency to diwould such assumption be just or expedient.
minish the happiness of the people and endanger the 4. That justice and sound policy forbid the Federal stability and permanency of the Union, and ought not Government to foster one branch of industry to the detri- to be countenanced by any friend of our political insti. ment of another, or to cherish the interests of one portion tutions. of our common country; that every citizen and every
2. That the foregoing proposition covers and was issection of the country has a right to demand and insist tended to embrace the whole subject of Slavery agitation upon an equality of rights and privileges, and a complete l in Congress, and therefore the Democratic party of the
Union, standing on this national platform, will abide by opment of our growing power, requires that we should and adhere to a faithful execution of the acts known as hold sacred the principles involved in the MONROE docthe Compromise Measures, settled by the Congress of trine. Their bearing and import admit of no miscon1850: “ the act for reclaiming fugitives from service or struction, and should be applied with unbending rigidlabor" included; which act, being designed to carry out ity. an express provision of the Constitution, cannot, with 8. Resolved, That the great highway, which nature as fidelity thereto, be repealed, or so changed as to destroy well as the assent of States most immediately interested or impair its efficiency.
in its maintenance has marked out for free communica8. That the Democratic Party will resist all attempts tion between the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans, conat renewing, in Congress or out of it, the agitation of the i stitutes one of the most important achievements realized Slavery question, under whatever shape or color the at- by the spirit of modern times, in the unconquerable tempt may be made.
energy of our people; and that result would be secured 4. That the Democratic Party will faithfully abide by by a timely and efficient exertion of the control which and uphold the principles laid down in the Kentucky we have the right to claim over it; and no power on and Virginia resolutions of 1797 and 1798, and in the earth should be suffered to impede or clog its progress report of Mr. Madison to the Virginia Legislature in 1799 by any interference with relations that it may suit our -that it adopts these principles as constituting one of policy to establish between our Government and the the main foundations of its political creed, and is re- government of the States within whose dominions it lies; solved to carry them out in their obvious meaning and we can under no circumstance surrender our prepona import.
derance in the adjustment of all questions arising out And that we may more distinctly meet the issue on of it. which a sectional party, subsisting exclusively 4. Resolved, That, in view of so commanding an interSlavery agitation, now relies to test the fidelity of the est, the people of the United States cannot but sym. people, North and South, to the Constitution and the pathize with the efforts which are being made by the Union>
people of Central America to regenerate that portion of 1. Resowed, That claiming fellowship with and desir- the continent which covers the passage across the intering the coöperation of all who regard the preservation oceanic isthmus. of the Union under the Constitution as the paramount 5. Resolved, That the Democratic Party will expect of issue, and repudiating all sectional parties and platforms the next Administration that every proper effort be made concerning domestic Slavery, which seek to embroil the to insure our ascendency in the Gulf of Mexico, and to States and incite to treason and armed resistance to law maintain permanent protection to the great outlets in the Territories, and whose avowed purpose, if con- through which are emptied into its waters the products summated, must end in civil war and disunion, the raised out of the soil and the commodities created by American Democracy recognize and adopt the principles the industry of the people of our western valleys and of contained in the organic laws establishing the Territories the Union at large. of Nebraska and Kansas, as embodying the only sound Resolved, That the Administration of FRANKLIN and safe solution of the Slavery question, upon which PIERCE has been true to Democratic principles, and the great national idea of the people of this whole coun- therefore true to the great interests of the country ; try can repose in its determined conservation of the in the face of violent opposition, he has maintained the Union, and non-interference of Congress with Slavery in laws at home, and vindicated the rights of American the Territories or in the District of Columbia,
citizens abroad; and therefore we proclaim our unquali2. That this was the basis of the compromises of 1850, fied admiration of his measures and policy. confirmed by both the Democratic and Whig parties in National Conventions, ratified by the people in the election of 1852, and rightly applied to the organization of the Territories in 1851.
WHIG CONVENTION-1856. 3. That by the uniform application of the Democratic principle to the organization of Territories, and the ad. A Whig National Convention met at Baltimission of new States with or without domestic Slavery, more on the 17th of Sept., 1856–Edward Bates, as they may elect, the equal rights of all the States will of Missouri, presidiug. The nominations of tution maintained in violate, and the perpetuity and ex- Millard Fillmore for President, and Andrew J. pansion of the Union insured to its utmost capacity of Donelson for Vice-President, were unanimously embracing, in peace and harmony, every future Ameri- concurred in. The Convention adopted the can State that may be constituted or annexed with a republican form of government.
following Resolved, That we recognize the right of the people of all the Territories, including Kansas and Nebraska, acting through the legally and fairly expressed will of the Resoloed, That the Whigs of the United States, now majority of the actual residents, and whenever the num- here assembled, hereby declare their reverence for the ber of their inhabitants justifies it, to form a Constitu- Constitution of the United States, their unalterable attion, with or without domestic Slavery, and be admitted tachment to the National Union, and a fixed determinainto the Union upon terms of perfect equality with the tion to do all in their power to preserve them for themother States.
selves and their posterity. They have no new principles Resolved, finally, That in view of the condition of to announce; no new platform to establish; but are popular institutions in the Old World (and the danger content to broadly rest—where their fathers restedous tendencies of sectional agitation, combined with the upon the Constitution of the United States, wishing no attempt to enforce civil and religious disabilities against safer guide, no higher law. the rights of acquiring and enjoying citizenship in our Resolved, That we regard with the deepest interest own land), a high and sacred duty is involved with in- and anxiety the present disordered condition of our creased responsibility upon the Democratic Party of this national affairs—a portion of the country ravaged by country, as the party of the Union, to uphold and main civil war, large sections of our population embittered by tain the rights of every State and thereby the Union of mutual recriminations; and we distinctly trace these the States—and to sustain and advance among us con calamities to the culpable neglect of duty by the present stitutional liberty, by continuing to resist all monopolies national administration. and exclusive legislation for the benefit of the few at the Resolved, That the Government of the United States expense of the many, and by a vigilant and constant was formed by the conjunction in political unity of wide adherence to those principles and compromises of the spread geographical sections materially differing, not Constitution – which are broad enough and strong only in climate and products, but in social and domestic enough to embrace and uphold the Union as it was, the institutions; and that any cause that shall permanently Union as it is, and the Union as it shall be-in the full array the different sections of the Union in political hosexpression of the energies and capacity of this great and tility and organized parties founded only on geographical progressive people.
distinctions must inevitably prove fatal to a continuance 1. Resolved, that there are questions connected with of the National Union. the foreign policy of this country which are inferior to Resolved, that the Whigs of the United States declare, no domestic question whatever. The time has come for as a fundamental article of political faith, an absolute the people of the United States to declare themselves in necessity for avoiding geographical parties. The danger, favor of free seas, and progressive free trade throughout so clearly discerned by the Father of his Country, has the world, and, by solemr manifestations, to place their now become fearfully apparent in the agitation now moral influence at the side of their successful example. convulsing the nation, and must be arrested at once it
2. Resolved, That our geographical and political posi- we would preserve our Constitution and our Union from tion with reference to the other states of this continent, dismemberment, and the name of America from being so less than the interest of our commerce and the devel- | blotted out from the family of civilized nations.
date exists in Millard Fillmore.
3. That to the Union of the States this nation owes its
Resoloed, That all who revere the Constitution and those present and voting should be required tu the Union, must look with alarm at the parties in the nominate candidates. The following Platform field in the present Presidential campaign-one claiming only to represent sixteen Northern States, and the other was adopted, and, without taking a ballot for appealing mainly to the passions and prejudices of the President, the Convention again adjourned. Southern States ; that the success of either faction must add fuel to the flame which now threatens to wrap our
PLATFORM OF 1860. dearest interests in a common ruin. Resolved, That the only remedy for an evil so appal. Republican electors of the
United States, in Convention
Resoloed, That we, the delegated representatives of the ling is to support a candidate pledged to neither of the assembled, in discharge of the duty we owe to our con geographical sections now arrayed in political antagon- stituents and our country, unite in the following declaIsm, but holding both in a just and equal regard. We congratulate the friends of the Union that such a candi
1. That the history of the nation, during the last four Resolved, That, without adopting or referring to the years, has fully established the propriety and necessitz peculiar doctrines of the party which has already se
of the organization and perfetuation of the Republican lected Mr. Fillmore as a candidate, we look to him as a party, and that the causes which called it into existence well-tried and faithful friend of the Constitution and the are permanent in their nature, and now, more than ever Union, eminent alike for his wisdom and firmness—for before, demand its peaceful and constitutional triumph. his justice and moderation in our foreign relations
for in the Declaration of Independence and embodied in the
2. That the maintenance of the principles promulgated his calm and pacific temperament, so well becoming the Federal Constitution, “ That all men are created equal; head of a great nation--for his devotion to the Constitu- that they are endowed by their Creator with certain intion in its true spirit-his inflexibility in executing the alienable rights; that among these are life, liberty and laws; but, beyond all these attributes, in possessing the the pursuit of happiness ; that, to secure these rights
, one transcendent merit of being a representative of neither of the two sectional parties now struggling for just powers from the consent of the governed,” is essen.
governments are instituted among men, deriving their political supremacy. Resolved, That, in the present exigency of political af- and that the Federal Constitution, the Rights of the
tial to the preservation of our Republican institutions ; fairs, we are not called upon to discuss the subordinate states, and the Union of the States, must and shall be questions of administration in the exercising of the Constitutional powers of the Government. It is enough
preserved. to know that civil war is raging, and that the Union is in peril; and we proclaim the conviction that the restora- unprecedented increase in population, its surprising de. tion of Mr. Fillmore to the Presidency will furnish the best of wealth, its happiness at home and its honor abroad;
velopment of material resources, its rapid augmentation if not the only means of restoring peace.
and we hold in abhorrence all schemes for Disunion, come In the election which ensued, Mr. Fillmore from whatever source they may: And we congratulate received the vote of Maryland only, while Mr. uttered or countenanced the threats of Disunion so often Buchanan obtained those of the 14 other Slave made by Democratic members, without rebuke and with States, and of New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Indiana, applause from their political associates ; and we denounce
those threats of disunion, in case of a popular overthrow Illinois and California, making 172 in all.
of their ascendency, as denying the vital principles of a Fremont received the votes of the eleven other free government, and as an avowal of contemplated trea. Free States, making 114 in all. Pennsylvania son, which it is the imperative duty of an indignant Peoand Illinois, had they voted for Col. Fremont, ple sternly to rebuke and forever silence.
4. That the maintenance inviolate of the rights of the would have given him the election.
States, and especially the right of each State to order and control its own domestic institutions according to its own judgment exclusively, is essential to that balance of pow.
ers on which the perfection and endurance of our politi. REPUBLICAN CONVENTION-1860.
cal fabric depends; and we denounce the lawless invasion A Republican National Convention assembled by armed force of the soil of any State or Territory, no
matter under what pretext, as among the gravest of at Chicago, Illinois, on Wednesday, May 16th, crimes. 1860, delegates being in attendance from all the 5. That the present Democratic Administration has far Free States, as also from Delaware, Maryland, serviency to the exactions of a sectional interest, as es
exceeded our worst apprehensions, in its measureless subVirginia, Kentucky, Missouri, Texas,* the Ter-pecially evinced in its desperate exertions to force the ritories of Kansas and Nebraska, and the Dis. infamous Lecompton Constitution upon the protesting trict of Columbia.
people of Kansas; in construing the personal relation
between master and servant to involve an unqualified Gov. Morgan, of New-York, as Chairman of property in persons ; in its attempted entorcement, every: the National Executive Committee, nominated where, on land and sea, through the intervention of ConDavid Wilmot as temporary Chairman, and he sress and of the Federal Courts of the extreme preten.
sions of a purely local interest; and in its general and was chosen. The usual Committees on perma- unyarying abuse of the power intrusted to it by a confd. nent organization, credentials, etc., were ap- ing people. pointed, and the Convention was permanently extravagance which pervades every department of the
6. That the people justly view with alarm the reckless organized by the selection of George Ashmun, Federal Government; that a return to rigid, economy of Massachusetts, as President, with a Vice- and accountability is'indispensable to arrest the syste President and a Secretary from each State and matic plunder of the public treasury by favored parti
sans; while the recent startling developments of frauds Territory represented. A Committee, of one and corruptions at the Federal metropolis, show that an from each State and Territory, was appointed entire change of administration is imperatively de: to draft suitable resolutions, or in other words
7. That the new dogma that the Constitution, of its a Platform, and the Convention adjourned.
own force, carries Slavery into any or all of the Territo. On the following day, an interesting debate ries of the United States, is a dangerous political heresy, arose on a proposition to require a vote equal at variance with the explicit provisions of that instru. to a majority of full delegations from all the legislative and judicial precedent; is revolutionary in its States to nominate candidates for President and tendency, and subversive of the peace and harmony of Vice-President; which, with the delegates actu- the country.
8. That the normal condition of all the territory of the ally in attendance, would have been about
United States is that of freedom : That as our Republican equivalent to a two-third rule. This proposition fathers, when they had abolished Slavery in all our na. was voted down, and the Convention decided, tional territory, ordained that “no person should be de. by a vote of 331 to 130, that only a majority
of prived of life, liberty, or property, without due proces
of law,” it becomes our duty, by legislation, whenever
such legislation is necessary, to maintain this provision * The delegation from Texas has since been proved fraudulent, of the Constitution against all attempts to violate it; and baving beon got up in Michigan to effect a personal end. we deny the authority of Congress, of a territorial legis