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the citations of a frothy declaimer is sometimes the easiest and most convincing refutation of his speech.

If a trace of partisan bias is betrayed in the thread of narrative which partially unites the successive reports, bills, votes, etc., presented in this work, the error is unintentional and regretted. Our purpose was to compile a record acceptable and convenient to men of all parties, and which might be consulted and trusted by all. Whatever is original herein is regarded as of no use or merit, save as a necessary elucidation of the residue. Without apology, therefore, or further explanation, the Text-Book is commended to the favor of the American public.

New-YORK, August 1st, 1860.

CONTENTS.

PAGE

PAGI

ABOLITION Conv. at Warsaw, N. Y., 1839. 12 BELL, John, of Tennessee, nominee of the

ABOLITIONISTS (Garrisonians) for Disunion. 173

Union party for President, 1860.

29

His Compromise Proposition..

75

ACCEPTANCE of Presidential candidates.... 210 His letter accepting the nomination for Presi-

dent....

Adams, CHARLES Francis, of Massachusetts,

212

President Buffalo Convention, 1848; Nominee of

BENJAMIN, JUDAH P., of Louisiana, on Pop-

do, for Vice-President...

17 ular Sovereignty..

194

Adams, GOVERNOR, of South Carolina, re-

His opinion of Douglas..

196

commends in a Message the reopening of the Afri- BIRNEY, JAMES G., of Michigan, Abolition

can Slave-Trade..

208 candidate for President in 1840.

12

ADAMS, Johx, of Massachusetts, chosen

Liberty Party candidate for President in 1844..

14

President 1796–7: Reëlection defeated 1800-1.... 9 Bonham, MILLIDGE L., of South Carolina,
ADAMS, JOAN QUINCY, of Massachusetts,

for Dissolution.....

172

elected President 1824 ; defeated candidate for Boyd, Linn, of Kentucky, defeated for

do. 1828.

10

Vice-President by Democratic Convention, 1856.. 24

ALLEN, CHARLES, of Massachusetts, offers

BRECKINRIDGE, JOHN C., of Kentucky,
Resolve in Whig National Convention, 1848....... 16

nominated Vice-President by Democratic Con-

AMERICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1856.... 23 vention, 1856..

24

Elected Vice-President 1856..

22

AMERICAN NATIONAL COUNCIL, 1856... 23 Speech on General Politics at Frankfort Ky.,

in 1859..

149

ANTI-MASONIC NATIONAL CONVENTIONS of

Gives casting vote against Free Homestead bill 187

1880 and 1881...

10

Accepts nomination for Presidency..

211

ANTI-SLAVERY ORDINANCE of 1784.... 51

Bronson, Judge GREENE C., on Slavery,

ANTI-SLAVERY ORDINANCE of 1787..

52 letter affirming Slavery to exist only by positive

208

Ashmun, GEORGE, of Massachusetts, Presi-

dent Republican National Convention, 1860....... 26 Brown, AARON V., of Tennessee, de-

ATCHISON, DAVID R., of Missouri, beaten

feated for Vice-President in Democratic Conven-

tion 1856.....

24

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention, 1852 20
Banks, NATHANIEL P., of Massachusetts,

BUCHANAN, JAMES, of Pennsylvania, beaten
defeated for Vice-President in Rep. Conv., 1856... 22

for President in Democratic Convention, 1844.... 13

Beaten for President in Democratic Conven-

Supported for Vice-President in Republican Na-

tional Convention, 1860.....

23

tion, 1848...

16

Nominated for President by Democratic Con-

BATES, EDWARD, of Missouri, President

vention, 1856..

24

Whig National Convention, 1850..

25 Elected President of the United States, 1856. 22
Candidate for President before Republican Con-

Message on Lecompton..

118

vention, 1860.

27 Special message on do...................

117

Letter to the Missouri delegates to the Republi-

Veto of Homestead bill..

191

can Convention....

199 BURR, AARON, chosen Vice-President,

His letter in support of Lincoln and Hamlin.. 199

1800-1..

9

BARBOUR, PHILIP P., of Virginia, beaten
for Vice-President....

10 BUTLER, WILLIAM O., of Kentucky, Demo-

cratic nominee and defeated candidate for Vice-

BARBOUR, JAMES, of Virginia, President

President, 1848..

16

first National Republican Convention...

11

Defeated for President and Vice-President in

President Whig National Convention, 1889..... 12

Democratic National Convention, 1852... 20

BARNBURNERS of New-York retire from De-

CALHOUN, JOHN C., of South Carolina,

mocratic National Convention...

16

elected Vice-President in 1824, and reelected in

Nominate Van Buren and Dodge for President 1828....

10

and Vice-President..

17

CAMBRELENG, C. C., of N. Y. on Slavery. 204

BARTLETT, G. B., of Kentucky, President

American National Council, 1856.

28 CAMERON, Gen. Simon, of Pennsylvania,

BAYARD, JAMES A., of Delaware, defeated

candidate for President before Republican Na-

27

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention, 1856

tional Convention, 1860

24

Presides over Seceders' Convention at Charles- CAMPBELL, LEWIS D., of Ohio, offers a re-

ton...

41 solve in Whig National Convention, 1848.

13

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PAGE

PAO

CARROLL, Gov. WILLIAM, of Tennessee,

Fourth Democratic National Convention, 1844 13

President of the third Democratic National Con-

Fifth Democratic National Convention, 1848 16

vention, 1840...

12 Sixth Democratic National Convention, 1852. 20

Cass, Gen. LEWIS, of Michigan, beaten for

Seventh Democratic National Convention, 1856. 24

President in Democratic Convention, 1844..

Eighth Democratic National Convention, 1860 .. 29

18

Democratic nominee for President, 1848;

Mr. Avery's (N. C.) Majority Report, from Com-
beaten for President, 1848 ..

mittee on Platform; Mr. H. B. Payne's Mi-

16

Beaten for President in Democratic Conven-

nority Report from Committee on Platform;

80

tion, 1852

Senator Wm. Bigler's Compromise proposition

20
Beaten for President in Democratic Conven-

Mr. Avery's amended Majority Report; Mr.

tion, 1856.

Avery's remarks in favor of same; Mr. H. B.

24
Nicholson Letter on Popular Sovereignty..

Payne of Ohio in reply

31
179

His extracts from Breckinridge, Orr, and Ste-
CHAPMAN, Gen. John G., of Maryland,

phens; Mr. Samuels's (of Iowa) Minority Re-

President, Whig National Convention, 1852.....

port.

32

18

CHASE, SALMON P., of Ohio, candidate for

Minority Report adopted, 165 to 138; Alabama

protests and withdraws

83

President before Republican National Conven-

Mississippi withdraws

34

tion, 1860

27 South Carolina, Florida, and Texas withdraws. 36

Proposes to Allow People of Kansas to prohibit

Arkansas retires.

37

Slavery

81 Georgia retires.

88

Clay, Cassius M., of Kentucky, supported

Louisiana withdraws; Speech of Wm. B. Gaulden

29

for Vice-President in Republican National Con-

of Georgia in favor of the Slave-Trade

vention, 1860.....

Fruitless ballots (57) for President; Adjournment

28

to Baltimore; The Seceders at Charleston; Se-

CLAY, Henry, of Kentucky, beaten for

nator Bayard, of Delaware, Chairman; They

President, 1832.

11

adopt the Avery Platform

Defeated for President in Whig Convention at

They adjourn to Richmond; They meet at Rich-

Harrisburg, 1839. Defeated for President in

mond June 11; They finally adopt Breckin-

1844..

13

ridge and Lane; The adjourned Convention at

Defeated for President in Whig Convention,

timore; Gen. Cushing's opening Speech

1848..

15

Mr. Howard, of Tennessee, moves admission of

CLINGMAN, Thomas L., of North Carolina,

original Delegates; Mr. Kavanagh, of Minne-

sota, moves to lay on table; Previous question

for Dissolution..

172

defeated..

43

CLINTON, DE Witt, defeated for President

Proposition of Mr. 8. E. Church, of New-York;

9

Report of Committee on Credentials

44

CLINTON, GEORGE, choseu Vice-President, Minority Report of do.; Admission of Douglas

1804.

9

45

Delegates from Louisiana and Alabama

Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Maryland

COCHRANE, John, of New-York, presents

and California withdraw..

46

Anti-Slavery Resolves to Mass Meetings..

207 Delaware, and part of Kentucky, and Missouri

CONSTITUTIONAL UNION CONVENTION, 1860 29

withdraw; Gen. Cushing resigns the Chair;

Gen. Butler, of Massachusetts, offers a pro-

CRAWFORD, MARTIN J., for Dissolution 172

test...

47

CRAWFORD, WILLIAM H., of Georgia, beaten DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM (Davis's Resolu-

in Democratic Caucus for President in 1816; tions), adopted by the United States Senate, affirm-

Democratic Caucus candidate for President, 1824 9 ing the duty of Congress to establish a Slave Code

Beaten for President 1824......

10 in the Territories

194

CURRY, J. L. M., of Alabama, for Dissolu-

DICKINSON, DANIEL S., of New-York, sup-

tion..

172

ported for President in Democratic National Con.

CUSHING, Gen. CALEB, of Massachusetts, vention, 1860.

41

President of Democratic National Convention,

1860..

Dix, Gen. John A., advocates Freedom

20

Retires from the chair at Baltimore.

for the Territories in the United States............

47

207

Presides over the Seceders' Convention at Bal-

timore....

DISUNION AVOWED by Southern Statesmen

48

in the event of the election of a Republican Presi-

DALLAS, GEORGE M., of Pennsylvania, nomi.

170

nated for and elected Vice-President, 1844.

13

Davis, GARRETT, of Kentucky, defeated for

DOBBIN, JAMES C., of North Carolina, beaten

for Vice-President in Democratic National Conven.

President in the American National Convention... 23

tion, 1856.....

24

Davis JEFFERSON, of Mississippi, supported, DODGE, Gen. Henry, of Wisconsin, nomi.

1860, for President in National Democratic Con.

vention

nated for Vice-President by New-York Radicals in

41

1848, but declined..

17

His resolutions as they passed the Senate

194

Davis, John, of Massachusetts, defeated for

DONELSON, ANDREW J., of Tennessee, nomi-

Vice-President in Whig National Convention, 1844. 13

nated for Vice-President by American Convention. 23

Indorsed by Whig National Convention, 1856 ... 25

Davis, John W., of Indiana, President De-

mocratic National Convention, 1852...

20 DOUGLAS, STEPHEN A., of Illinois, beaten

20

Dayton, WILLIAM L., of New-Jersey, Re-

for President in Democratic Convention, 1852...

Beaten for President in Democratic Conven-

publican nominee for Vice-President, 1856; de-

tion, 1856.

24

feated therefor...

22

Nominated at Baltimore in 1860

49

DEJARNETTE, DANIEL C., of Virginia, for Dis-

Proposes to extend the Missouri Compromise to

solution

172

the Pacific

74

Mr. Douglas' reply to Lincoln at Freeport... 130
DELAWARE Declares for Free Territories

Mr. Douglas' " Harper" Essay on Popular So-

through Legislative resolves in 1820..

62 vereignty in the Territories..

132

Also in 1849

201

Speech at Springfield, Ill., June 12, 1857

154

DEMOCRACY OF MAINE for the Wilmot Pro-

Speech on the John Brown raid, July 16, 1860,

viso

159

201

proposing a Sedition Law...

He tells what Popular Sovereignty has done for

DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTIONS. First

Slavery...

159

at Baltimore in 1832.

10 Accepts Nomination for Presidency

212

Second at Baltimore in 1835

11 Extract from Speech in favor of Missouri Com-

Third Democratic National Convention, 1840 12

promise

215

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PAGE

PAGE

Downs, SOLOMON U., of Louisiana, beaten

Whig nominee for Vice-President, 1848

15

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention,

Elected Vice-President, 1848.

16

Defeated for President in Whig National Con-

20

vention, 1852..

18

EVERETT, EDWARD, of Massachusetts, Union

American nominee for President in 1856...

23

candidate for Vice-President in 1860...

Indorsed by Whig National Convention in 1856. 25

29

His views on Slavery-His “ Knapsack" Speech

His views on Slavery-Buffalo Letter of 1838,

in Congress-Replies of Messrs. Mitchell, Ran.

and Albany Speech of 1866..

202

dolph and Cambreleng-Mr. Everett on Geo-

His Letter to New-York Union Meeting, 1860.. 208

graphical erties Later Views on Slavery, FITZPATRICK, BENJAMIN, of Alabama, beaten

in Letters of 1837 and '89.

204

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention of

His Acceptance of the Nomination for Vice.

1856..

President of the United States...

24

214

His views on the Sumner Outrage.

Nominated by Democratic Convention, 1860... 48

215

Declines the Nomination..

218

ELLMAKER, Amos, of Pennsylvania, Anti- FLOURXOY, FRANCIS B., of Arkansas, tem-

Masonic candidate for Vice-President, 1832..... 10 porary Chairman of Democratic National Con-

ELECTION RETURNS IN DETAIL, of all the

vention, 1860...

Presidential Elections since 1836...

216 FLOYD, JOAN, of Virginia, supported by

Aggregate vote by States, for President, from

South Carolina for President, 1832.

11

1824 to 1856....

239 FREE HOMESTEADS --Action of Congress on

Alabama vote for President.

228

granting free Homesteads to actual settlers.. 182

Governor, Congress, etc. 1859 248

Arkansas vote for President.

Mr. Grow's Ten-Year proposition defeated in

234

the House...

Congress, 1858.

248

184

California vote for President.

Mr. Grow introduces another bill which is

237

Governor, 1859.

passed in the House...

185

248

The Senate refused to act upon it..

Connecticut vote for President..

223

187

Governor, 1860.

Mr. Grow introduces another in 1860, which

240

Delaware vote for President.

224

passes the House..

188

Governor, 1858..

Rejected by the Senate...

240

189

Florida vote for President..

A compromise bill agreed upon.

233

190

Congress, 1858.

Vetoed by the President.

248

191

Veto sustained by the Senate..

Georgia vote for President.

225

198

Congress, 1859

243 FRELINGHUYSEN, THEODORE, of New-Jersey,

Illinois vote for President...

Nominated and defeated for Vice-President in

Congress, 1858.

246 1844..

Legislature, 1858.

247

Indiana vote for President..

222 Fremont, Col. John C., of California, Re-

Congress, 1858.

246 publican nominee for President, 1856....

22

Iowa vote for President..

237 Defeated for President, 1856.

23

" Governor, 1859.

247 Declines a re-nomination, 1860..

28

Kentucky vote for President..

238 GARTRELL, LUCIUS J., of Georgia, for dis-

Congress, 1859.

244

Louisiana vote for President..

solution....

232

172

Congress, 1859..

243 GEORGIA LEGISLATURE censures Senator

Maine vote for President.

216

Berrien for voting to confirm Mr. Everett as Min-

Governor, 1859.

240

ister to England.....

215

Maryland vote for President.

224

Congress, 1858.

241 GRAHAM, WILLIAM A., of North Carolina,

Massachusetts vote for President,

217 Whig nominee for Vice-President, 1852..

18

Governor, 1859.

240 Defeated for Vice-President, 1852....

22

Michigan vote for President...

221

Chief Justice, 1859.

GRANGER, FRANCIS, of New York, Presi-

246

Minnesota vote for Governor, 1859.

dent Anti-Masonic National Convention.

248

10

Missouri vote for President..

235

Beaten for Vice-President, 1836..

12

Congress, 1858.

245 GUTHRIE, JAMES, of Kentucky, supported

Mississippi vote for President..

229

for President in National Democratic Conven-

Governor, Congress, etc., 1859 248 tion...

41

New-Hampshire vote for President..

216

Governor, 1859 240 HALE, John P., of New-Hampshire, Free

New-Jersey vote for President.

217 Democratic nominee for President, 1852..

21

Governor, 1859.

241

New-York vote for President.

HAMLIN, HANNIBAL, of Maine, nominated

219

Sec. State, Controller, etc.,

for Vice-President by Republican National Con-

1859..

240 vention, 1860.

23

North Carolina vote for President.

230

Renounces the Democratic party in the U. S.

Congress, 1859

242

Senate...

209

Ohio vote for President..

218

Accepts nomination for Vice-President...

211

“ Governor, 1859..

245 HARRISON, Gen. William H., of Ohio, nom-

Oregon vote for Congress, 1859.

247

inated and defeated for President in 1836.

12

Pennsylvania vote for President.

223

Nominated for President at Harrisburg, Decem-

Congress, 1858.

241

ber, 1839; elocted President in 1840.

12

Rhode Island vote for President.

216

Governor, 1860.. 240 HICKMAN, John, of Pennsylvania, support-

South Carolina chooses Electors and Governor

ed for Vice-President in Republican Convention,

by Legislature......

248

1860...

28

Tennessee vote for President.

231

Congress,

1859.

Houston, Gen. Sam, of Texas, supported

244

Texas vote for President...

for President in Union Convention, 1860..

238

29

Congress, 1859.

243 HUNTER, ROBERT M. T., of Virginia, sup-

Vermont vote for President..

217

ported for President by Democratic National Con-

Governor, 1859.

240

vention, 1860...

41

Virginia vote for President.

226

Governor, 1859.

241 ILLINOIS DECLARES FOR FREE TERRITORIES

Wisconsin vote for President..

287 through Legislative Resolves......

208

Governor,

1859.

247

Jackson, Gen. ANDREW, of Tennessee,

FILLMORE, MILLARD, of New-York, defeated beaten for President in 1824 and elected in 1828.. 10

for Vice-President in Whig Convention, 1844..... 19 Reëlected President in 1882..

11

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1844......

crets...

PAGE

In

JOHNSON, ANDREW, of Tennessee, supported MARSH, EPHRAIM, of New-Jersey, President

for President in National Democratic Convention : 41 American National Convention....

JOHNSON, HERSCHEL V., of Georgia, beaten Mason, John Y., of Virginia, beaten for

for Vice-President in Democratic National Conven- Vice-President in Dem. Nat. Con., 1848 ...

16

tion in 1856....

24 MASSACHUSETTS DECLARES FOR FREEDOM

Nominated for Vice-President by Democratic

National Committee, 1860..

48

through Legislative Resolves; Whigs of Massa-

Speech on Slavery in the Territories in 1848 168 chusetts for freedom..

209

Holds that capital should own the laborer, in a MCLEAN, Judge John, of Ohio, defeated for

speech at Philadelphia in 1856. His Report President in Republican Convention, 1856.......

28

affirming the absolute right of holding slaves

Also, in Republican Nat. Convention of 1860... 27

in the Territories..

169 McKay, JAMES J., of North Carolina, beat-

JOHNSON, RICHARD M., of Kentucky, beaten en for Vice-President in Dem. Convention 1848... 16

in Convention for Vice-President, 1882.

10

Nominated and elected Vice-President in 1836.. 12

McRea, John J., of Mississippi, for Dissolu-

Beaten for Vice-President in 1840..

12

tion....

172

Beaten for President in Democratic Convention, MISSOURI COMPROMISE, Adopted.

64

18

The Compromise Repealed,...

87

JOHNSON, WILLIAM Cost, of Maryland, Pre-

MITCHELL, JAMES C., of Tennessee, against

sident of Young Men's National Convention..... 11

Slavery

204

JULIAN, GEORGE W., of Indiana, Free De-

“MONROE DOCTRINE."-Extract from the

mocratic candidate for Vice-President, 1852.

21

Message of James Monroe on the influence of

KANSAS OUTRAGES, Report of Howard and European Powers on this Continent.....

201

Sherman thereon.

92 MONROE, JAMES, of Virginia, elected Presi-

KILLINGER, JOHN W., of Pennsylvania, dent in 1816 and reëlected in 1820

9

offers an Anti-Slavery resolve in the American

MOORE, SUYDENHAM, of Alabama, for Disso-

Convention, 1856.

23

lution

179

KING, LEICESTER, of Ohio, President of Lib.

MORGAN, WILLIAM, revealer of Masonic Se-

erty Party National Convention, 1843....

18

10

KING, WILLIAM R., of Alabama, beaten

MOREHEAD, JOHN M., of North Carolina,

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention of

1848...

16

President Whig National Convention, 1848.... 15

Democratic nominee for Vice-President in 1852. 20 MORRIS, Thomas, of Ohio, Liberty Party

Elected Vice-President in 1852..

22

nominee for President in 1844.

14

LANE, Col. HENRY S., of Indiana, Presi. NATIONAL REPUBLICAN (CLAY) CONVEN-
dent of the Republican National Convention, 1856. 22

tions, at Baltimore, 1831; at Washington, 1832... 11

LANE, Gen. JOSEPH, of Oregon, beaten for New-HAMPSHIRE DECLARES FOR THE WILMOT

President in Democratic National Convention, Proviso through Legislative Resolves...... 208

1852....

20

Nominated for Vice-President by Seceders at

New-JERSEY LEGISLATURE FOR FREE TER-

Baltimore in 1860......

48 ritory.

Accepts nomination.

212 New-YORK FOR FREEDOM.-Resolutions of

LAW, GEORGE, of New-York, defeated for the Legislature against Slavery in the Territo-

President in American National Convention, 1856. 23

ries in 1820,

60

Ditto in 1847-8-9.

206

LAWRENCE, ABBOTT, of Massachusetts, de.

Gen. John A. Dix presents resolutions to United

feated for Vice-President in Whig Convention, 1848. 15

States Senate.

207

LEAKE, SHELTON F., of Virginia, for Disso-

The Whigs in State Convention declare for Free-

lution...

172

dom. Address reported by James Brooks... 207

Free Democracy of New York for Freedom.

LEE, HENRY, of Massachusetts, supported

Resolutions presented by John Cochrane..... 207

by South Carolina for Vice-President, 1832.... 11 ORDINANCE of 1784 (Jefferson's) against

LEMOYNE, Francis J., of Pennsylvania, Slavery in Territories.

51

Abolition candidate for Vice-President, 1840... 12 ORDINANCE of 1787 (Dane's) prohibiting

LETCHER, JOHN (Governor of Virginia), Slavery in Northwest Territory.....

52

for Dissolution......

172 O'Conor, CHARLES, New-York, defends

LIBERTY PARTY NATIONAL CONVENTION held Slavery as intrinsically just in a speech at Union

at Buffalo in 1843...

18 Meeting, New-York, 1859..

164

His letter to Committee of Merchants.... 167
LINCOLN, ABRAHAM, of Illinois, defeated for
Vice-President in Republican Convention, 1856... 22 OH10 DECLARES FOR FREEDOM through Legis-
Nominated for President by Republican Conven-

lative Resolves .....

209

tion, 1860..

28 PENNSYLVANIA LEGISLATURE FOR FREE

Speech at Springfield, III., June 17, 1858

127

Territory

61

Discussion with Mr. Douglas at Freeport, Ill. 129

Speech at Cooper Institute, New-York, 1860. 144 PIERCE, FRANKLIN, of New Hampsbire,

Letter to Boston Committee on the Jefferson

nominated for President in Democratic Conven-

Birthday Festival; Letter to Dr. Canisius on

tion, 1852...

20

Naturalization..

206 Elected President,

29

Accepts nomination for Presidency..

210

Defeated for President in National Con., 1856 24
LUCAS, Gen. ROBERT, President first Demo-

Receives one vote for President in National

cratic National Convention......

10

Convention, 1860....

MADISON, JAMES, of Virginia, elected Presi.

Pillow, Gen. GIDEON J., of Tennessee,

dent 1808, and reëlected in 1812..

beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Conven-

tion, 1852.....

20

MAINE DEMOCRACY FOR THE WILMOT PRO-

PINCKNEY, CHARLES C., of South Carolina,

viso.

201

beaten for Vice-President, 1800; also for President

MANGUM, WILLIE P., of North Carolina, sup- in 1804 and 1808..

ported by South-Carolina for President in 1886... 12 POLITICAL NATIONAL PLATFORMS. - None

MAROY, WILLIAM L., of New York, beaten adopted by first Democratic Convention; Nation-

for President in Dem. National Convention, 1862. 20 al Republican Platform...

11

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