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TITLE 50—WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE Chap.

1. Council of National Defense.

2. Board of Ordnance and Fortification [Re

pealed].

3. Alien Enemies.

4. Espionage [Repealed or Transferred]. 4A. Photographing, Sketching, Mapping, etc..

Defensive Installations [Repealed].

4B. Disclosure of Classified Information [Repealed].

4C. Atomic Weapons and Special Nuclear Materials Information Rewards.

5. Arsenals, Armories, Arms, and War Mate

rial Generally.

6. Willful Destruction, etc., of War or Na

tional-Defense Material [Repealed].

7. Interference With Homing Pigeons

Owned by United States [Repealed].

8. Explosives; Manufacture, Distribution,

Storage, Use, and Possession Regulated
[Repealed].

9. Aircraft [Omitted, Repealed, or Trans

ferred].

10. Helium Gas.

11. Acquisition of and Expenditures on Land

for National-Defense Purposes [Repealed, Omitted, or Transferred].

12. Vessels in Territorial Waters of United

States.

13. Insurrection.

14. Wartime Voting by Land and Naval

Forces [Repealed].

15. National Security.

16. Defense Industrial Reserves.

17. Arming American Vessels [Repealed].

18. Air-Warning Screen.

19. Guided Missiles.

20. Wind Tunnels.

21. Ababa Production [Omitted].

22. Uniform Code of Military Justice [Re

pealed or Omitted].

22A. Representation of Armed Forces Personnel Before Foreign Judicial Tribunals [Repealed].

23. Internal Security.

24. National Defense Facilities [Repealed].

25. Armed Forces Reserve [Repealed or Omit

ted].

26. Gifts for Defense Purposes [Repealed].

27. Reserve Officer Personnel Program [Re

pealed or Omitted].

28. Status of Armed Forces Personnel Ap

pointed to Service Academies [Repealed].

29. National Defense Contracts.

30. Federal Absentee Voting Assistance

[Transferred].

31. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmen

tal Relations [Transferred to Chapter 53 of Title 42].

32. Chemical and Biological Warfare Pro

gram.

Chap.

33. War Powers Resolution.

34. National Emergencies.

35. International Emergency Economic

Powers.

36. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance.

37. National Security Scholarships, Fellow

ships, and Grants.

38. Central Intelligence Agency Retirement

and Disability.

39. Spoils of War.

TITLE 50, APPENDIX—WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE

Proclamations, Executive Orders, Joint Resolutions and Treaties Respecting War, Neutrality and Peace.

Trading with the Enemy Act of 1917.

Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act of 1918 [Omitted].

Selective Draft Act of 1917 [Omitted or Repealed].

Selective Training and Service Act of 1940
[Omitted or Repealed].

Office of Selective Service Records.
Service Extension Act of 1941 [Repealed].

Army Reserve and Retired Personnel Service
Law of 1940 [Omitted].

Military Selective Service Act.

Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act of 1940.

First War Powers Act, 1941 [Repealed, Omitted, or Transferred].

Second War Powers Act, 1942 [Repealed or Omitted].

Exportation Restrictions on Certain Articles [Repealed or Omitted].

Requisition of Military Equipment, Materials and Supplies [Omitted].

Territorial Use of Army and Extension of Service Period [Omitted, Transferred, or Repealed].

Civilian Protection From War Hazards [Omitted].

Decorations, etc., for Merchant Marine [Repealed].

Use of Public Lands for War Purposes [Repealed].

Miscellaneous Provisions Affecting Military Establishment [Omitted, Repealed, or Transferred].

Photographing, Mapping or Other Representation of Military or Defense Properties [Omitted].

TITLE 50, APPENDIX—WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE—Continued

Exemption of Certain Articles From Import Duties and Taxes [Omitted or Repealed].

Temporary Appointments, Promotions, etc., of Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Officers [Omitted or Repealed].

Jurisdiction of Prizes and Prize Proceedings [Transferred].

Certain Allowance Assistance for Civilian and Military Personnel [Repealed or Omitted].

Free Entry of Gifts From Members of Armed Forces [Omitted].

Free Postage for Armed Forces Personnel [Omitted].

Emergency Price Control Act of 1942 [Omitted].

Stabilization Act of 1942 [Omitted].
Extension of Sugar Controls [Omitted].
Missing Persons Act [Repealed].

Small Business Mobilization Act [Omitted,
Transferred, or Repealed].

War and Defense Contract Acts [Omitted or Repealed].

National Emergency and War Shipping Acts.

Farm Labor Supply Appropriation Act, 1944 [Omitted].

War Overtime Pay Act of 1943 [Repealed].

Training of Nurses Through Grants to Institutions [Omitted].

Civilian Reemployment of Members of Merchant Marine [Repealed].

War Labor Disputes Act [Omitted].

Voluntary Enlistments in Regular Military Establishment [Repealed].

Women's Army Corps [Repealed].

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration [Omitted].

Temporary Appointments of Army Nurse Corps Members, etc., as Officers of Army of United States [Repealed].

Disposal of Materials on Public Lands [Omitted].

Surplus Property Act of 1944.

War Mobilization and Reconversion Act of 1944 [Omitted].

Fleet Admiral of Navy and General of Army [Repealed].

Disposal of Censored Mail [Omitted].

Disbursing Officers' Additional Functions [Transferred].

General of Marine Corps [Omitted].
Admiral in Coast Guard [Repealed].

Exception of Navy or Coast Guard Vessels From Certain Navigation Rules [Transferred].

Sale of Surplus War-Built Vessels.
Rehabilitation of Philippines [Omitted].

Return and Interment of Persons Buried Outside United States [Repealed].

Veterans' Emergency Housing Program [Repealed or Omitted].

Naval Vessels as Atomic Targets [Omitted].

Admission of Alien Fiancees Into United States [Omitted].

Military Assistance to Philippine Republic [Omitted].

Naval Aid to China [Omitted].

Naval Aid to Foreign Nations [Omitted].

Housing and Rent Acts.

Stabilization of Economy and Commodity Prices.

Domestic Rubber-Producing Industry [Omitted].

Disposal of Government-Owned Rubber-Producing Facilities.

Displaced Persons, Refugees and Orphans [Omitted].

American-Japanese Evacuation Claims.

Restitution for World War II Internment of Japanese-Americans and Aleuts.

Medical Care for Philippine Veterans [Repealed].

War Claims.

Micronesian War and Postwar Claims [Omitted).

Export Controls [Omitted].
Alien Property Damage Claims [Omitted].
Defense Production Act of 1950.
Domestic Minerals Program Extension.

Domestic Tungsten, Asbestos, Fluorspar and
Columbium-Tantalum Purchase Programs
[Omitted].

Dependents Assistance Act of 1950 [Omitted or Repealed].

Civil Defense.

Emergency Food Aid to India [Omitted].

Korean Combat Pay [Repealed].

World War II License Agreements.

Emergency Ship Repair Program [Repealed].

Export Regulation.

TITLE 50—WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE

Chop. Sec. Chap.

1. Council of National Defense 1 30.

2. Board of Ordnance and Fortification

[Repealed] 11 31.

S. Alien Enemies 21

4. Espionage [Repealed or Transferred]... 31

4A. Photographing, Sketching, Mapping, 32.
etc., Defensive Installations [Re-
pealed] 45 33.

4B. Disclosure of Classified Information 34.

[Repealed] 46 35.

1C Atomic Weapons and Special Nuclear

Materials Information Rewards 47a 36.

5. Arsenals, Armories, Arms, and War 37.

Material Generally 51

fi. Willful Destruction, etc., of War or 38.
National-Defense Material [Re-
pealed] 101 39.

7. Interference With Homing Pigeons

Owned by United States [Repealed].. Ill

8. Explosives; Manufacture, Distribution,

Storage, Use, and Possession Regu-
lated [Repealed] 121

9. Aircraft [Omitted, Repealed, or Trans

ferred] 151

10. Helium Gas 161

11. Acquisition of and Expenditures on

Land for National-Defense Purposes
[Repealed, Omitted, or Transferred]. 171

12. Vessels in Territorial Waters of United

States 191

13. Insurrection ...... . .—... 201

14. Wartime Voting by Land and Naval

Forces [Repealed] 301

15. National Security 401

16. Defense Industrial Reserves.................... 451

17. Arming American Vessels [Repealed]... 481

18. Air-Warning Screen 491

1*. Guided Missiles . 501

20. Wind Tunnels 511

21. Abaca Production [Omitted] 541

22. Uniform Code of Military Justice [Re

pealed or Omitted] 551

22A. Representation of Armed Forces Per-
sonnel Before Foreign Judicial Tri-
bunals [Repealed] 751

23. Internal Security 781

24. National Defense Facilities [Repealed] 881

25. Armed Forces Reserve [Repealed or

Omitted] 901

26. Gifts for Defense Purposes [Repealed]. 1151

27. Reserve Officer Personnel Program

[Repealed or Omitted] 1181

28. Status of Armed Forces Personnel Ap

pointed to Service Academies [Re-
pealed] 1411

29. National Defense Contracts 1431

Sec.

Federal Absentee Voting Assistance
[Transferred] 1451

Advisory Commission on Intergovern-
mental Relations [Transferred to
Chapter 53 of Title 42] 1501

Chemical and Biological Warfare Pro-
gram 1511

War Powers Resolution 1541

National Emergencies 1601

International Emergency Economic
Powers 1701

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance.......... 1801

National Security Scholarships, Fel-
lowships, and Grants 1901

Central Intelligence Agency Retire-
ment and Disability 2001

Spoils of War TM 2201

Ratification Op Japanese Treaty

The Treaty of Peace with Japan, signed at San Francisco on Sept. 8, 1951, was ratified by the United States Senate on Mar. 20. 1952. For Resolution of Ratification, see Congressional Record, Vol. 98, No. 46, Thursday, Mar. 20. 1952, p. 2634. According to Proc. No. 2974, eff. Apr. 29, 1952, 17 F.R. 3813, 66 Stat. c31. terminating the national emergencies proclaimed on September 8, 1939, and May 27, 1941, and set out as a note preceding section 1 of the Appendix to this title, such treaty came into force on Apr. 28, 1952.

Cross References

Establishment of the National Security Council and the Central Intelligence Agency, see section 401 et seq. of this title.

Lease of buildings in time of war. see sections 4780 and 9780 of Title 10, Armed Forces.

Proclamations, etc., respecting war and neutrality, see notes preceding section 1 of Appendix to this title.

CHAPTER 1—COUNCIL OF NATIONAL DEFENSE

Sec.
1.

2.
3.
4.

5.

6.

Creation, purpose, and composition of council.

Advisory commission.

Duties of council.

Rules and regulations: subordinate bodies and committees.

Reports of subordinate bodies and committees; unvouchered expenditures.

Repealed.

§ 1. Creation, purpose, and composition of council

A Council of National Defense is established, for the coordination of industries and resources for the national security and welfare, to consist of the Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of the Navy, the Secretary of the Interior, the

Page 1

Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Commerce, and the Secretary of Labor.

(Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 418, § 2, 39 Stat. 649; July 26, 1947, ch. 343. title II. § 205(a), 61 Stat. 501.)

Codification

Sections 1 to 5 of this title are from section 2 of act Aug. 29, 1916, popularly known as the Army Appropriation Act for the fiscal year 1916.

Change Of Name

Department of War designated Department of the Army and title of Secretary of War changed to Secretary of the Army by section 205(a) of act July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, 61 Stat. 501. Section 205<a> of act July 26, 1947, was repealed by section 53 of act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041. 70A Stat. 641. Section 1 of act Aug. 10, 1956, enacted "Title 10, Armed Forces" which in sections 3010 to 3013 continued Department of the Army under administrative supervision of Secretary of the Army.

Transfer Of Functions

For transfer of certain membership functions, insofar as they pertain to Air Force, which functions were not previously transferred from Secretary of the Army and Department of the Army to Secretary of the Air Force and Department of the Air Force, see Secretary of Defense Transfer Order No. 40 [App. CUD], July 22. 1949.

Cross References

National Security Council and Central Intelligence Agency, see section 401 et seq.. of this title.

§ 2. Advisory commission

The Council of National Defense shall nominate to the President, and the President shall appoint, an advisory commission, consisting of not more than seven persons, each of whom shall have special knowledge of some Industry, public utility, or the development of some natural resource, or be otherwise specially qualified, in the opinion of the council, for the performance of the duties hereinafter provided. The members of the advisory commission shall serve without compensation, but shall be allowed actual expenses of travel and subsistence when attending meetings of the commission or engaged in investigations pertaining to its activities. The advisory commission shall hold such meetings as shall be called by the council or be provided by the rules and regulations adopted by the council for the conduct of its work.

(Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 418, § 2, 39 Stat. 649.)

Termination Of Advisory Commissions

Advisory commissions in existence on Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year period following Jan. 5, 1973, unless, In the case of a commission established by the President or an officer of the Federal Government, such commission is renewed by appropriate action prior to the expiration of such 2-year period, or in the case of a commission established by the Congress, its duration Is otherwise provided by law. Advisory commissions established after Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year period beginning on the date of their establishment, unless, in the case of a commission established by the President or an officer of the Federal Government, such commission is renewed by appropriate action prior to the expiration of such 2year period, or in the case of a commission established by the Congress, its duration is otherwise provided by law. See sections 3(2) and 14 of Pub. L. 92-463. Oct. 6,

1972, 86 Stat. 770, 776, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

§ 3. Duties of council

It shall be the duty of the Council of National Defense to supervise and direct investigations and make recommendations to the President and the heads of executive departments as to the location of railroads with reference to the frontier of the United States so as to render possible expeditious concentration of troops and supplies to points of defense; the coordination of military, industrial, and commercial purposes in the location of branch lines of railroad; the utilization of waterways; the mobilization of military and naval resources for defense; the increase of domestic production of articles and materials essential to the support of armies and of the people during the interruption of foreign commerce; the development of seagoing transportation; data as to amounts, location, method and means of production, and availability of military supplies; the giving of information to producers and manufacturers as to the class of supplies needed by the military and other services of the Government, the requirements relating thereto, and the creation of relations which will render possible in time of need the immediate concentration and utilization of the resources of the Nation.

(Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 418, § 2, 39 Stat. 649; Nov. 9, 1921, ch. 119, § 3, 42 Stat. 212.)

Codification

The words "extensive highways and" which preceded "branch lines of railroad" omitted on authority of act Nov. 9, 1921, which transferred powers and duties of Council relating to highways to Secretary of Commerce.

§ 4. Rules and regulations; subordinate bodies and committees

The Council of National Defense shall adopt rules and regulations for the conduct of its work, which rules and regulations shall be subject to the approval of the President, and shall provide for the work of the advisory commission to the end that the special knowledge of such commission may be developed by suitable investigation, research, and inquiry and made available in conference and report for the use of the council; and the council may organize subordinate bodies for its assistance in special investigations, either by the employment of experts or by the creation of committees of specially qualified persons to serve without compensation, but to direct the investigations of experts so employed.

(Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 418. ! 2, 39 Stat. 650.)

Termination Of Advisory Commissions

Advisory commissions in existence on Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year period following Jan. 5, 1973, unless, in the case of a commission established by the President or an officer of the Federal Government, such commission is renewed by appropriate action prior to the expiration of such 2-year period, or In the case of a commission established by the Congress, its duration is otherwise provided by law. Advisory commissions established after Jan. 5, 1973. to terminate not later than the ex

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