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title 22, to be a nation whose government has repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism.

(Pub. L 103-236, title V, § 553. Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 482.)

§ 2203. Report on previous transfers

Not later than 90 days after April 30, 1994, the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report describing any spoils of war obtained subsequent to August 2, 1990 that were transferred to any party, including any government, group, or person, before April 30, 1994. Such report shall be submitted in unclassified form to the extent possible.

(Pub. L. 103-236, title V, § 554, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 482.)

§ 2204. Definitions

As used in this chapter—

(1) the term "appropriate congressional committees" means the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, or, where required by law for certain reporting purposes, the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate and the Selectl Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives;

(2) the term "enemy" means any country, government, group, or person that has been engaged in hostilities, whether or not lawfully authorized, with the United States;

(3) the term "person" means—

(A) any natural person;

(B) any corporation, partnership, or other legal entity; and

(C) any organization, association, or group; and

(4) the term "spoils of war" means enemy movable property lawfully captured, seized, confiscated, or found which has become United States property in accordance with the laws of war.

(Pub. L. 103-236, title V. § 555. Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 482.)

Change Of Name

Committee on Foreign Affairs of House of Representatives changed to Committee on International Relations of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Jan. 4, 1995.

§ 2205. Construction

Nothing in this chapter shall apply to—

(1) the abandonment or failure to take possession of spoils of war by troops in the field for valid military reasons related to the conduct of the immediate conflict, including the burden of transporting such property or a decision to allow allied forces to take immediate possession of certain property solely for use during an ongoing conflict;

(2) the abandonment or return of any property obtained, borrowed, or requisitioned for temporary use during military operations without intent to retain possession of such property;

(3) the destruction of spoils of war by troops in the field;

(4) the return of spoils of war to previous owners from whom such property had been seized by enemy forces; or

(5) minor articles of personal property which have lawfully become the property of individual members of the armed forces as war trophies pursuant to public written authorization from the Department of Defense.

(Pub. L. 103-236, title V, i 556, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 483.)

'So In original. Probably should be preceded by "Permanent".

95-076 O — 93 — 11 , QU

TITLE 50, APPENDIX—WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE

Act

Sec.

Act

See.

Proclamation*. Executive Orders, Joint Resolutiona and Treaties Respecting War, Neutrality and Peace Notes prec. sec..... 1

Trading with the Enemy Act of 1917 1

Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act of 1918 [Omitted] 101

Selective Draft Act of 1917 [Omitted or Repealed] 201

Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 [Omitted or Repealed] 301

Office of Selective Service Records 321

Service Extension Act of 1941 [Repealed] 351

Army Reserve and Retired Personnel Service
Law of 1940 [Omitted] 401

Military Selective Service Act 461

Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act of 1940 501

First War Powers Act, 1941 [Repealed, Omitted, or Transferred] 601

Second War Powers Act, 1942 [Repealed or Omitted] 631

Exportation Restrictions on Certain Articles [Repealed or Omitted] 701

Requisition of Military Equipment, Materials and Supplies [Omitted] 711

Territorial Use of Army and Extension of Service Period [Omitted, Transferred, or Repealed] 731

Civilian Protection From War Hazards [Omitted] 741

Decorations, etc., for Merchant Marine [Repealed] 751

Use of Public Lands for War Purposes [Repealed] 766

Miscellaneous Provisions Affecting Military Establishment [Omitted, Repealed, or Transferred] 761

Photographing, Mapping or Other Representation of Military or Defense Properties [Omit

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Small Business Mobilization Act [Omitted,

Transferred, or Repealed] 1101

War and Defense Contract Acts [Omitted or

Repealed] 1151

National Emergency and War Shipping Acts 1251

Farm Labor Supply Appropriation Act, 1944

[Omitted] 1351

War Overtime Pay Act of 1943 [Repealed] 1401

Training of Nurses Through Grants to Institutions [Omitted] 1451

Civilian Reemployment of Members of Merchant Marine [Repealed] 1471

War Labor Disputes Act [Omitted] 1501

Voluntary Enlistments in Regular Military Establishment [Repealed] 1531

Women's Army Corps [Repealed] 1551

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration [Omitted] 1571

Temporary Appointments of Army Nurse
Corps Members, etc., as Officers of Army of

United States [Repealed] 1591

Disposal of Materials on Public Lands [Omitted] 1601

Surplus Property Act of 1944 1611

War Mobilization and Reconversion Act of

1944 [Omitted] 1651

Fleet Admiral of Navy and General of Army

[Repealed] 1691

Disposal of Censored Mail [Omitted] 1701

Disbursing Officers' Additional Functions

[Transferred] 1705

General of Marine Corps [Omitted] 1711

Admiral in Coast Guard [Repealed] 1721

Exception of Navy or Coast Guard Vessels From Certain Navigation Rules [Transferred] 1731

Sale of Surplus War-Built Vessels 1735

Rehabilitation of Philippines [Omitted] 1751

Return and Interment of Persons Buried Outside United States [Repealed] 1811

Veterans' Emergency Housing Program [Repealed or Omitted] 1821

Naval Vessels as Atomic Targets [Omitted] 1841

Admission of Alien Fiancees Into United States

[Omitted] 1851

Military Assistance to Philippine Republic

[Omitted] 1861

Naval Aid to China [Omitted] 1871

Naval Aid to Foreign Nations [Omitted] 1876

Housing and Rent Acts 1881

Stabilization of Economy and Commodity

Prices 1911

Domestic Rubber-Producing Industry [Omitted] ~ 1921

Disposal of Government-Owned Rubber-Producing Facilities 1941

Page 285

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ted].

2018

Export Controls [Omitted] 2021

Alien Property Damage Claims [Omitted] 2041

Defense Production Act of 1960 2061

Domestic Minerals Program Extension 2181

Domestic Tungsten, Asbestos, Fluorspar and
Columbium-Tantalum Purchase Programs

[Omitted] 2191

Dependents Assistance Act of 1950 [Omitted or

Repealed] 2201

Civil Defense 2251

Emergency Food Aid to India [Omitted] 2311

Korean Combat Pay [Repealed] 2351

World War II License Agreements 2371

Emergency Ship Repair Program [Repealed] 2391

Export Regulation 2401

PROCLAMATIONS, EXECUTIVE ORDERS, JOINT RESOLUTIONS AND TREATIES RESPECTING WAR, NEUTRALITY AND PEACE

I. PROCLAMATIONS OP STATE OP WAR
War between Germany and

Prance; Poland; and the United
Kingdom, India, Australia,
Canada, New Zealand and the
Union of South Africa Proc. No. 2374

War between Germany and
Norway Proc. No. 2398

War between Germany and Bel-
glum, Luxemburg, and the
Netherlands Proc. No. 2404

War between Italy and France
and United Kingdom Proc. No. 2407

War between Italy and Greece Proc. No. 2443

War between Germany-Italy and
Yugoslavia Proc. No. 2473

War between Hungary and
Yugoslavia Proc. No. 2477

War between Bulgaria and Yugo-
slavia and Greece Proc. No. 2479

II. PROCLAMATIONS OP UNITED STATES

NEUTRALITY

War between Germany and
Prance; Poland; United King-
dom, India, Australia and New
Zealand

War between Germany and
Union of South Africa, Canada...

War between Germany and Norway

War between Germany and Belglum, Luxemburg, and the Netherlands

War between Italy and France and United Kingdom

War between Italy and Greece

Proc. No. 2348

Proc. Nos. 2353, 2359

Proc. No. 2399

Proc. No. 2405

Proc. No. 2408 Proc. No. 2444

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III. MISCELLANEOUS PROCLAMATIONS AND

EXECUTIVE ORDERS Neutrality of the United States Ex. Ord No

IV. DECLARATIONS OP WAR BY UNITED

STATES War between United States and

Germany Joint Res. April 6,

1917, 40 Stat. 1 War between United States and

Austria-Hungary Joint Res. Dec. 7,

1917, 40 Stat. 429 War between United States and

Japan Res. Dec. 8, 1941,

ch. 561 War between United States and

Germany Res. Dec. 11, 1941,

ch. 564 War between United States and

Italy Res. Dec. 11. 1941,

ch. 565 War between United States and

Bulgaria Res. June 5, 1942,

ch. 323 War between United States and

Hungary Res. June 5, 1942,

ch. 324 War between United States and

Rumania Res. June 5,1942,

ch. 325

War between United States and
Hungary, Bulgaria, and Ruma-
nia Proc. No. 2563

V. TERMINATION OP STATE OP WAR
Cessation of Hostilities of World

War H Proc. No. 2714

Treaties of Peace with Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary, Rumania and

Finland Feb. 10, 1947

Treaty of Peace with Japan Sept. 8,1951

Termination of War with Germa-
ny Jt. Res. Oct. 19,

1951. Proc. No.
2950

Ratification of Japanese Peace
Treaty Mar. 20. 1952

VI. AUTHORIZATION TO EMPLOY ARMED

FORCES Termination of Hostilities in

Indochina Pub. L. 92-129.

Sept. 28.1971. 85
Stat. 360

Maintenance of International
Peace and Security in South-
east Asia Pub. L. 88-408.

Aug. 10,1964. 78 Stat. 384 Interdiction of the Delivery of

Offensive Weapons to Cuba Proc. No. 3504,

Oct. 23, 1962

Termination of Authority Granted and Orders Issued in Proc.

No. 3604 Proc. 3507, Nov.

21. 1962

Middle East Stabilization Pub. L. 85-7, Mar.

9. 1957, 71 Stat. 5 Protection of Security of For

Res. Jan. 29. 1955

See, also, notes under the Neutrality Act of 1939, sections 441, 444, 445. 447 to 451, 453 to 457 of Title 22. Foreign Relations and Intercourse.

I. PROCLAMATIONS OF STATE OF WAR

Proc. No. 2374. Nov. 4, 1939. 12:04 p.m.. 4 P.R. 4493, 54 Stat. 2671, proclaimed a state of war between Germany and France: Poland: and the United Kingdom, India. Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the Union of South Africa.

Proc. No. 2398, Apr. 25, 1940, 5 F.R. 1569. 54 Stat. 2698, proclaimed a state of war between Germany and Norway.

Proc. No. 2404, May 11, 1940, 5 F.R. 1689. 54 Stat. 2703, proclaimed a state of war between Germany and Belgium, Luxemburg, and the Netherlands.

Proc. No. 2407, June 10, 1940. 10:20 p.m.. EAT.. 5 PJl. 2191, 54 Stat. 2706, proclaimed a state of war between Italy and France and United Kingdom.

Proc. No. 2443, Nov. 15. 1940. 5 F.R. 4523. 54 Stat. 2763. proclaimed a state of war between Italy and Greece.

Proc. No. 2473, Apr. 10. 1941. 6 F.R. 1905. 55 Stat. 1627, proclaimed a state of war between GermanyItaly and Yugoslavia.

Proc. No. 2477. Apr. 15, 1941. 6 F.R. 1995. 55 Stat. 1631, proclaimed a state of war between Hungary and Yugoslavia.

Proc. No. 2479, Apr. 24. 1941. 6 F.R. 2133. 55 Stat. 1636. proclaimed a state of war between Bulgaria and Yugoslavia and Greece.

II. PROCLAMATIONS OF UNITED STATES NEUTRALITY

Proc. No. 2348. Sept. 5, 1939, 4 F.R. 3809. 54 Stat. 2629, proclaimed neutrality of United States in war between Germany and France; Poland; United Kingdom, India, Australia, and New Zealand.

Proc. No. 2353, Sept. 8. 1939, 4 F.R. 3851. 54 Stat. 2643, proclaimed neutrality of United States in war between Germany and Union of South Africa.

Proc. No. 2359, Sept. 10. 1939. 4 F.R. 3857. 54 Stat. 2652, proclaimed neutrality of United States in war between Germany and Canada.

Proc. No. 2399, Apr. 26, 1940. 5 F.R. 1569, 54 Stat. 2699, proclaimed neutrality of United States In war between Germany and Norway.

Proc. No. 2405, May 11. 1940. 5 F.R. 1689, 54 Stat. 2704, proclaimed neutrality of United States in war between Germany and Belgium. Luxemburg, and the Netherlands.

Proc. No. 2408. June 10, 1940, 10:20 p.m. E.S.T.. 6 P.R. 2191, 54 Stat. 2707, proclaimed neutrality of United States in war between Italy and France and United Kingdom.

Proc. No. 2444, Nov. 15. 1940. 5 F.R. 4523, 54 Stat. 2764, proclaimed neutrality of United States in war between Italy and Greece.

m. MISCELLANEOUS PROCLAMATIONS AND EXECUTIVE ORDERS

National Emergency or 1939

Proc. No. 2352, Sept. 8, 1939. 4 F.R. 3851. 54 Stat. 2643. proclaimed national emergency in connection with enforcement of neutrality which was terminated by Proc. No. 2974, set out below.

National Emergency or 1941

Proc. No. 2487, May 27. 1941. 6 F.R. 2617, 55 Stat. 1647, proclaimed an unlimited national emergency which was terminated by Proc. No. 2974, set out below.

Proc. No. 2685. Removal or Alien Enemies

Proc. No. 2685, Apr. 11. 1946, 11 F.R. 4079. 60 Stat. Pt. 2. p. 1342. provided:

1. All alien enemies within the continental limits of the United States brought here from other American republics after December 7, 1941, who are within the territory of the United States without admission under the immigration laws, shall, If their continued residence in the Western Hemisphere is deemed by the Secretary of State to be prejudicial to the future security or welfare of the Americas, be subject upon the order of the Secretary of State to removal from the United States and may be required to depart therefrom In accordance with such regulations as the Secretary of State may prescribe.

2. In all cases in which the Secretary of State shall have ordered the removal of an alien enemy under the authority of this proclamation or in which the Attorney General shall have ordered the removal of an alien enemy under the authority of Proclamation No. 2655 of July 14. 1945, thirty days shall be considered, and Is hereby declared to be. a reasonable time for such alien enemy to effect the recovery, disposal, and removal of his goods and effects, and for his departure.

3. This proclamation supersedes Proclamation No. 2662 of September 8, 1945, entitled "Removal of Allen Enemies."

Harry S Truman.

Proc. No. 2914. National Emergency, 1950

Proc. No. 2914, Dec. 16, 1950. 15 F.R. 9029. 64 Stat. a454 provided:

WHEREAS recent events In Korea and elsewhere constitute a grave threat to the peace of the world and imperil the efforts of this country and those of the United Nations to prevent aggression and armed conflict: and

WHEREAS world conquest by communist imperialism is the goal of the forces of aggression that have been loosed upon the world; and

WHEREAS, If the goal of communist imperialism were to be achieved, the people of this country would no longer enjoy the full and rich life they have with God's help built for themselves and their children: they would no longer enjoy the blessings of the freedom of worshipping as they severally choose, the freedom of reading and listening to what they choose, the right of free speech including the right to criticize their Government, the right to choose those who conduct their Government, the right to engage freely in collective bargaining, the right to engage freely In their own business enterprises, and the many other freedoms and rights which are a part of our way of life; and

Whereas the increasing menace of the forces of communist aggression requires that the national defense of the United States be strengthened as speedily as possible:

NOW. THEREFORE. I. HARRY S. TRUMAN, President of the United States of America, do proclaim the existence of a national emergency, which requires that the military, naval, air, and civilian defenses of this country be strengthened as speedily as possible to the end that we may be able to repeal any and all threats against our national security and to fulfill our responsibilities In the efforts being made through the United Nations and otherwise to bring about lasting peace.

I summon all citizens to make a united effort for the security and well-being of our beloved country and to place Its needs foremost in thought and action that the full moral and material strength of the Nation may be readied for the dangers which threaten us.

I summon our farmers, our workers in Industry, and our businessmen to make a mighty production effort to meet the defense requirements of the Nation and to this end to eliminate all waste and inefficiency and to subordinate all lesser Interests to the common good.

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