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title 22, to be a nation whose government has repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism.
(Pub. L 103-236, title V, § 553. Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 482.)
§ 2203. Report on previous transfers
Not later than 90 days after April 30, 1994, the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report describing any spoils of war obtained subsequent to August 2, 1990 that were transferred to any party, including any government, group, or person, before April 30, 1994. Such report shall be submitted in unclassified form to the extent possible.
(Pub. L. 103-236, title V, § 554, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 482.)
§ 2204. Definitions
As used in this chapter—
(1) the term "appropriate congressional committees" means the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, or, where required by law for certain reporting purposes, the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate and the Selectl Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives;
(2) the term "enemy" means any country, government, group, or person that has been engaged in hostilities, whether or not lawfully authorized, with the United States;
(3) the term "person" means—
(A) any natural person;
(B) any corporation, partnership, or other legal entity; and
(C) any organization, association, or group; and
(4) the term "spoils of war" means enemy movable property lawfully captured, seized, confiscated, or found which has become United States property in accordance with the laws of war.
(Pub. L. 103-236, title V. § 555. Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 482.)
Change Of Name
Committee on Foreign Affairs of House of Representatives changed to Committee on International Relations of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Jan. 4, 1995.
§ 2205. Construction
Nothing in this chapter shall apply to—
(1) the abandonment or failure to take possession of spoils of war by troops in the field for valid military reasons related to the conduct of the immediate conflict, including the burden of transporting such property or a decision to allow allied forces to take immediate possession of certain property solely for use during an ongoing conflict;
(2) the abandonment or return of any property obtained, borrowed, or requisitioned for temporary use during military operations without intent to retain possession of such property;
(3) the destruction of spoils of war by troops in the field;
(4) the return of spoils of war to previous owners from whom such property had been seized by enemy forces; or
(5) minor articles of personal property which have lawfully become the property of individual members of the armed forces as war trophies pursuant to public written authorization from the Department of Defense.
(Pub. L. 103-236, title V, i 556, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 483.)
'So In original. Probably should be preceded by "Permanent".
95-076 O — 93 — 11 , QU
TITLE 50, APPENDIX—WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE
Proclamation*. Executive Orders, Joint Resolutiona and Treaties Respecting War, Neutrality and Peace Notes prec. sec..... 1
Trading with the Enemy Act of 1917 1
Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act of 1918 [Omitted] 101
Selective Draft Act of 1917 [Omitted or Repealed] 201
Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 [Omitted or Repealed] 301
Office of Selective Service Records 321
Service Extension Act of 1941 [Repealed] 351
Army Reserve and Retired Personnel Service
Military Selective Service Act 461
Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act of 1940 501
First War Powers Act, 1941 [Repealed, Omitted, or Transferred] 601
Second War Powers Act, 1942 [Repealed or Omitted] 631
Exportation Restrictions on Certain Articles [Repealed or Omitted] 701
Requisition of Military Equipment, Materials and Supplies [Omitted] 711
Territorial Use of Army and Extension of Service Period [Omitted, Transferred, or Repealed] 731
Civilian Protection From War Hazards [Omitted] 741
Decorations, etc., for Merchant Marine [Repealed] 751
Use of Public Lands for War Purposes [Repealed] 766
Miscellaneous Provisions Affecting Military Establishment [Omitted, Repealed, or Transferred] 761
Photographing, Mapping or Other Representation of Military or Defense Properties [Omit
Small Business Mobilization Act [Omitted,
Transferred, or Repealed] 1101
War and Defense Contract Acts [Omitted or
National Emergency and War Shipping Acts 1251
Farm Labor Supply Appropriation Act, 1944
War Overtime Pay Act of 1943 [Repealed] 1401
Training of Nurses Through Grants to Institutions [Omitted] 1451
Civilian Reemployment of Members of Merchant Marine [Repealed] 1471
War Labor Disputes Act [Omitted] 1501
Voluntary Enlistments in Regular Military Establishment [Repealed] 1531
Women's Army Corps [Repealed] 1551
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration [Omitted] 1571
Temporary Appointments of Army Nurse
United States [Repealed] 1591
Disposal of Materials on Public Lands [Omitted] 1601
Surplus Property Act of 1944 1611
War Mobilization and Reconversion Act of
1944 [Omitted] 1651
Fleet Admiral of Navy and General of Army
Disposal of Censored Mail [Omitted] 1701
Disbursing Officers' Additional Functions
General of Marine Corps [Omitted] 1711
Admiral in Coast Guard [Repealed] 1721
Exception of Navy or Coast Guard Vessels From Certain Navigation Rules [Transferred] 1731
Sale of Surplus War-Built Vessels 1735
Rehabilitation of Philippines [Omitted] 1751
Return and Interment of Persons Buried Outside United States [Repealed] 1811
Veterans' Emergency Housing Program [Repealed or Omitted] 1821
Naval Vessels as Atomic Targets [Omitted] 1841
Admission of Alien Fiancees Into United States
Military Assistance to Philippine Republic
Naval Aid to China [Omitted] 1871
Naval Aid to Foreign Nations [Omitted] 1876
Housing and Rent Acts 1881
Stabilization of Economy and Commodity
Domestic Rubber-Producing Industry [Omitted] ~ 1921
Disposal of Government-Owned Rubber-Producing Facilities 1941
Export Controls [Omitted] 2021
Alien Property Damage Claims [Omitted] 2041
Defense Production Act of 1960 2061
Domestic Minerals Program Extension 2181
Domestic Tungsten, Asbestos, Fluorspar and
Dependents Assistance Act of 1950 [Omitted or
Civil Defense 2251
Emergency Food Aid to India [Omitted] 2311
Korean Combat Pay [Repealed] 2351
World War II License Agreements 2371
Emergency Ship Repair Program [Repealed] 2391
Export Regulation 2401
PROCLAMATIONS, EXECUTIVE ORDERS, JOINT RESOLUTIONS AND TREATIES RESPECTING WAR, NEUTRALITY AND PEACE
I. PROCLAMATIONS OP STATE OP WAR
Prance; Poland; and the United
War between Germany and
War between Germany and Bel-
War between Italy and France
War between Italy and Greece Proc. No. 2443
War between Germany-Italy and
War between Hungary and
War between Bulgaria and Yugo-
II. PROCLAMATIONS OP UNITED STATES
War between Germany and
War between Germany and
War between Germany and Norway
War between Germany and Belglum, Luxemburg, and the Netherlands
War between Italy and France and United Kingdom
War between Italy and Greece
Proc. No. 2348
Proc. Nos. 2353, 2359
Proc. No. 2399
Proc. No. 2405
Proc. No. 2408 Proc. No. 2444
III. MISCELLANEOUS PROCLAMATIONS AND
EXECUTIVE ORDERS Neutrality of the United States Ex. Ord No
IV. DECLARATIONS OP WAR BY UNITED
STATES War between United States and
Germany Joint Res. April 6,
1917, 40 Stat. 1 War between United States and
Austria-Hungary Joint Res. Dec. 7,
1917, 40 Stat. 429 War between United States and
Japan Res. Dec. 8, 1941,
ch. 561 War between United States and
Germany Res. Dec. 11, 1941,
ch. 564 War between United States and
Italy Res. Dec. 11. 1941,
ch. 565 War between United States and
Bulgaria Res. June 5, 1942,
ch. 323 War between United States and
Hungary Res. June 5, 1942,
ch. 324 War between United States and
Rumania Res. June 5,1942,
War between United States and
V. TERMINATION OP STATE OP WAR
War H Proc. No. 2714
Treaties of Peace with Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary, Rumania and
Finland Feb. 10, 1947
Treaty of Peace with Japan Sept. 8,1951
Termination of War with Germa-
1951. Proc. No.
Ratification of Japanese Peace
VI. AUTHORIZATION TO EMPLOY ARMED
FORCES Termination of Hostilities in
Indochina Pub. L. 92-129.
Sept. 28.1971. 85
Maintenance of International
Aug. 10,1964. 78 Stat. 384 Interdiction of the Delivery of
Offensive Weapons to Cuba Proc. No. 3504,
Oct. 23, 1962
Termination of Authority Granted and Orders Issued in Proc.
No. 3604 Proc. 3507, Nov.
Middle East Stabilization Pub. L. 85-7, Mar.
9. 1957, 71 Stat. 5 Protection of Security of For
Res. Jan. 29. 1955
See, also, notes under the Neutrality Act of 1939, sections 441, 444, 445. 447 to 451, 453 to 457 of Title 22. Foreign Relations and Intercourse.
I. PROCLAMATIONS OF STATE OF WAR
Proc. No. 2374. Nov. 4, 1939. 12:04 p.m.. 4 P.R. 4493, 54 Stat. 2671, proclaimed a state of war between Germany and France: Poland: and the United Kingdom, India. Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the Union of South Africa.
Proc. No. 2398, Apr. 25, 1940, 5 F.R. 1569. 54 Stat. 2698, proclaimed a state of war between Germany and Norway.
Proc. No. 2404, May 11, 1940, 5 F.R. 1689. 54 Stat. 2703, proclaimed a state of war between Germany and Belgium, Luxemburg, and the Netherlands.
Proc. No. 2407, June 10, 1940. 10:20 p.m.. EAT.. 5 PJl. 2191, 54 Stat. 2706, proclaimed a state of war between Italy and France and United Kingdom.
Proc. No. 2443, Nov. 15. 1940. 5 F.R. 4523. 54 Stat. 2763. proclaimed a state of war between Italy and Greece.
Proc. No. 2473, Apr. 10. 1941. 6 F.R. 1905. 55 Stat. 1627, proclaimed a state of war between GermanyItaly and Yugoslavia.
Proc. No. 2477. Apr. 15, 1941. 6 F.R. 1995. 55 Stat. 1631, proclaimed a state of war between Hungary and Yugoslavia.
Proc. No. 2479, Apr. 24. 1941. 6 F.R. 2133. 55 Stat. 1636. proclaimed a state of war between Bulgaria and Yugoslavia and Greece.
II. PROCLAMATIONS OF UNITED STATES NEUTRALITY
Proc. No. 2348. Sept. 5, 1939, 4 F.R. 3809. 54 Stat. 2629, proclaimed neutrality of United States in war between Germany and France; Poland; United Kingdom, India, Australia, and New Zealand.
Proc. No. 2353, Sept. 8. 1939, 4 F.R. 3851. 54 Stat. 2643, proclaimed neutrality of United States in war between Germany and Union of South Africa.
Proc. No. 2359, Sept. 10. 1939. 4 F.R. 3857. 54 Stat. 2652, proclaimed neutrality of United States in war between Germany and Canada.
Proc. No. 2399, Apr. 26, 1940. 5 F.R. 1569, 54 Stat. 2699, proclaimed neutrality of United States In war between Germany and Norway.
Proc. No. 2405, May 11. 1940. 5 F.R. 1689, 54 Stat. 2704, proclaimed neutrality of United States in war between Germany and Belgium. Luxemburg, and the Netherlands.
Proc. No. 2408. June 10, 1940, 10:20 p.m. E.S.T.. 6 P.R. 2191, 54 Stat. 2707, proclaimed neutrality of United States in war between Italy and France and United Kingdom.
Proc. No. 2444, Nov. 15. 1940. 5 F.R. 4523, 54 Stat. 2764, proclaimed neutrality of United States in war between Italy and Greece.
m. MISCELLANEOUS PROCLAMATIONS AND EXECUTIVE ORDERS
National Emergency or 1939
Proc. No. 2352, Sept. 8, 1939. 4 F.R. 3851. 54 Stat. 2643. proclaimed national emergency in connection with enforcement of neutrality which was terminated by Proc. No. 2974, set out below.
National Emergency or 1941
Proc. No. 2487, May 27. 1941. 6 F.R. 2617, 55 Stat. 1647, proclaimed an unlimited national emergency which was terminated by Proc. No. 2974, set out below.
Proc. No. 2685. Removal or Alien Enemies
Proc. No. 2685, Apr. 11. 1946, 11 F.R. 4079. 60 Stat. Pt. 2. p. 1342. provided:
1. All alien enemies within the continental limits of the United States brought here from other American republics after December 7, 1941, who are within the territory of the United States without admission under the immigration laws, shall, If their continued residence in the Western Hemisphere is deemed by the Secretary of State to be prejudicial to the future security or welfare of the Americas, be subject upon the order of the Secretary of State to removal from the United States and may be required to depart therefrom In accordance with such regulations as the Secretary of State may prescribe.
2. In all cases in which the Secretary of State shall have ordered the removal of an alien enemy under the authority of this proclamation or in which the Attorney General shall have ordered the removal of an alien enemy under the authority of Proclamation No. 2655 of July 14. 1945, thirty days shall be considered, and Is hereby declared to be. a reasonable time for such alien enemy to effect the recovery, disposal, and removal of his goods and effects, and for his departure.
3. This proclamation supersedes Proclamation No. 2662 of September 8, 1945, entitled "Removal of Allen Enemies."
Harry S Truman.
Proc. No. 2914. National Emergency, 1950
Proc. No. 2914, Dec. 16, 1950. 15 F.R. 9029. 64 Stat. a454 provided:
WHEREAS recent events In Korea and elsewhere constitute a grave threat to the peace of the world and imperil the efforts of this country and those of the United Nations to prevent aggression and armed conflict: and
WHEREAS world conquest by communist imperialism is the goal of the forces of aggression that have been loosed upon the world; and
WHEREAS, If the goal of communist imperialism were to be achieved, the people of this country would no longer enjoy the full and rich life they have with God's help built for themselves and their children: they would no longer enjoy the blessings of the freedom of worshipping as they severally choose, the freedom of reading and listening to what they choose, the right of free speech including the right to criticize their Government, the right to choose those who conduct their Government, the right to engage freely in collective bargaining, the right to engage freely In their own business enterprises, and the many other freedoms and rights which are a part of our way of life; and
Whereas the increasing menace of the forces of communist aggression requires that the national defense of the United States be strengthened as speedily as possible:
NOW. THEREFORE. I. HARRY S. TRUMAN, President of the United States of America, do proclaim the existence of a national emergency, which requires that the military, naval, air, and civilian defenses of this country be strengthened as speedily as possible to the end that we may be able to repeal any and all threats against our national security and to fulfill our responsibilities In the efforts being made through the United Nations and otherwise to bring about lasting peace.
I summon all citizens to make a united effort for the security and well-being of our beloved country and to place Its needs foremost in thought and action that the full moral and material strength of the Nation may be readied for the dangers which threaten us.
I summon our farmers, our workers in Industry, and our businessmen to make a mighty production effort to meet the defense requirements of the Nation and to this end to eliminate all waste and inefficiency and to subordinate all lesser Interests to the common good.