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NOTES AND QUERIES ON CHINA AND JAPAN.
In contemplating the issue of a Monthly Periodical devoted to Eastern subjects on the plan of that which, under the title of “ Notes and Queries," has proved so useful and so popular during a long series of years in Great Britain, the publishers have had in view the great and constantly increasing interest felt in all parts of the civilized world with relation to China, Japan, and the adjacent countries, together with the rapid accession of means of knowledge in various departments of research which has been the consequence of so large an influx of European residents as has taken place within the last few years. With Peking and Yeddo open to travellers and officials, with the whole Empire of China accessible to explorers, and the barriers hitherto so jealously maintained in Japan becoming daily weakened, numbers of new facts and much curious information are being accumulated in the note-books of individuals, who would be glad to preserve in type many little particulars, for embodying which, in a form accessible to the public, no means now exist. It is intended that both notes and inquiries received shall be carefully classified and indexed with minute care ; whilst, as in the home work which has been adopted as a model, a list of books wanted, or for disposal, relating to China or Japan will be inserted. The advertising page will be devoted to literary matters on the same subject only.
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Now Ready, price 28. 6d., À SHORT PRACTICAL GRAMMAR OF THE TIBETAN LANGUAGE,
WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE SPOKEN DIALECTS.
By H. A. JAESCHKE, Moravian Missionary. 8vo. pp. 60. Kye-lang, 1865.
“The great interest attaching to Jaeschke's Tibetan Grammar centres in the constant reference that is made in it to the spoken dialects. " A. Csoma Körösi — the first European who acquired a thorough acquaintance with the literary language of Tibet-followed in his Grammar and Dictionary the pronunciation as current in Great Tibet (Tibet Proper, Eastern Tibet), and this precedent, once established, has been adopted by I. J. Schmidt and Ph. E. Foncaux. The first successful attempt at examining and fixing the linguistical position of the Tibetan language was made by A. Schiefner, who pointed out its radical affinity to the Burmese and some ruder tongues spoken on the confines of Assam, all of which, as to their grammatical structure, stand widely apart from the remaining groups of Indo-Chinese languages, and should more properly be classed with the Bod or Tibetan dialects. Jaeschke's Short Grammar is calculated to throw much new light on some of the chief peculiarities--we might almost say mysteries of the Tibetan language. The author, a Moravian Missionary, has for many years been living with a Tibetan Tribe at Kyelung, in Lahul, where he has made the most of his opportunities for studying the language of literature as well as several of the spoken dialects of Western Tibet. The information he has embodied in this Grammar, and in two previously published letters to R. Lepsius and A. Schiefner, on the pronunciation, quantity, accent, and dialectical variations of the language, is exceedingly curious and valuable, and allows us to hope that we may receive some day at his hands a larger and fuller work on the subject,-a work that will not come to us in the humble garb of lithography, but commend itself to the Student by its European type no less than by the interest of its contents.”
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New Series. Vol. II. Part 2. CONTENTS.-ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.- ART. VIII. On the Relation of the Priests to the other Classes of Indian Society in the Vedic Age. By J. Muir, LL.D., D.C.L.-IXOn the Interpretation of the Veda. By the same.—X. An attempt to translate from the Chinese a work known as the Confessional Services of the Great Compassionate Kwan Yin, possessing 1000 hands and 1000 eyes. By the Rev. S. Beal, R.N.-X1. The Hymns of the Gaupâyanas and the Legend of King Asamâti, By Professor Max Müller, M.A., Hon. M.R.A.S.—XII. Specimen chapters of an Assyrian Grammar. By the Rev. E. Hincks, D.D., Hon. M.R.A.S. -Proceedings of the Anniversary Meeting of the Royal Asiatic Society ; Report of the Council; Auditors' Report ; List of Members.
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CONTENTS. I. Conclusion of the first chapter of the fifth Prakarana, i IV. Prâchînajyotihs'âstrâchâryâsayavarmana, on some of entitled Pramâņapârâyaņa, of the Prıkaraṇapanchikâ, by the tenets held by the old astronomers. By Bâpûdevasástrin, 'Sâlikânâtha. in Sanskrit. (Continued from No. 5). | In Sanskrit.
II. The thirteenth and fourteenth Sargas of Kalidasa's V. The tenth chapter of the Sahitya-darpana, or Mirror Kumarasambhava, entitled severally Kumarasainâpatyâbhi of Composition. By Bâbû Pramadâdása Mittra In sheka and Senâprayâņa. In Sanskrit. (Continued from English. (Continued from No. 5). No 5).
VI. The Eternity of Sound; a dogma of the Mímánsá. III. Paribhâshendusekharațippaņísârâsâraviveka, a critical | By Dr. Ballantyne. [From the Benares Magazine, August, examination of Nâgesa's grammatical work, the Paribhâshen- | 1852.] (Continued from No. 5.) dusekhara, by Professors Râjârâmasâstrin and Bâlas'âstrin. In Sanskrit. (Continued from No. 5).
The object of the Pandit is to publish rare Sanskrit works which appear worthy of careful editing hereafter ; to offer a field for the discussion of controverted points in Old Indian Philosophy, Philology, History, and Literature; to communicate ideas between the Aryan scholars of the East and of the West ; between the Pandits of Benares and Calcutta and the Sanskritists of the Universities of Europe.
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ORIENTAL LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.
THE STUDY OF CHINESE. -- A letter has been published in / rages and feeds his natural disinclination to enter upon the the Hankow Times, purporting to have been written by a well exertion of acquiring an unknown tongue, and ere very long educated Chinaman, which contains some striking illustra persuades the willing victim to wear a yoke, which, could be tions of the arguments we recently used as to the necessity of bave foreseen all the consequences of its imposition when he foreigners learning Chinese. It is strange that most foreigners first arrived, he would have broken into a thousand pieces in China, who are generally wide awake enough to judge cor ere he would have consented to place it upon his neck. The rectly of the importance of being able to deal “first hand” writer would not have foreigners throw aside their Canton with buyers or sellers of other nations, are unwilling to admit servants. It would not by any means be to their interest so the necessity of mastering the language, and to a slight extent to do. Natives of Canton are, without doubt, amongst the the written character, of a people so essentially habituated to most intelligent, energetic, and enterprising of the eighteen habits of deception as the Chinese-a people amongst whom | provinces, and their peculiar characteristics fit them better a go-between in commercial transactions becomes a more for association with foreigners than perhaps any other of the powerful agent for "bleeding" the foreigner than would be the Chinese people. But what the writer advocates is that case in almost any other part of the world. It matters little foreigners should use their Canton men, not be used by them. whether the letter we refer to has been actually written by a With the check upon what they say and write that a knowChinaman or not. The observations it contains will be in | ledge of even the rudiments of the language would give, the dorsed by all who have even a slight knowledge of the lan. former position may be easily secured, without it the latter guage and have heard the Chinese talk of foreigners amongst must ever be an inevitable consequence." themselves. After stating the aptitude generally exhibited. The evils of the Compradore system are so obvious, that by foreigners for acquiring foreign languages when their in | under the present system of free communication with the terests require that they should study them, the writer goes natives one can only wonder that they are for a moment on to ask the following very pertinent questions, and gives tolerated. As disbursers of the money expended on account his own answer thereto :
of table and household expenses they are all very well, but " But how come it that they suddenly become dull and the plan now pursued renders them, as the writer of the stupid when they set foot on Chinese shores? The riddle above well suggests, the masters, and not the servants, of is not difficult of solution. Foreigners are not subject to their nominal employers. either dulness or stupidity. The truth is that the moment a To arguments of this kind a very common and not unnatural foreigner arrives, the cunning Cantonese places himself at his answer is :-That it is all very well to declaim about the im. disposal, speaks for him, and writes for him, gives him to portance of knowing Chinese, but that to expect men who understand that no communication with natives is safe or have passed several years in the trying climate, and following even possible save through the self-elected medium, encou- | the still more trying habits of the foreign community of possessed.
China, to begin to learn it, is to expect a great deal more, ignorant pigeon-English-speaking-coolie to behave in a manthan could possibly be carried out. So much may be freely ner which would assuredly lead to the infliction of the bamgranted; but what is to prevent the heads of firms insisting boo on the seat of honour if practised towards their own that all young men who hereafter joined them, and those who | respectable countrymen. had been but a short time in their employ, should devote a We conclude by one more quotation from this very intecertain period every day to the acquisition of the local dialect ? resting letter, and would impress the truth of what is therein As we mentioned in our former article, this system was tried stated on the minds of our readers. by a well-known firm at Amoy, and with the best results. Of " It has been the fashion for a long time past to declare course it is not to be expected that such would all turn out that such an attainment as colloquial Chinese is impossible sinologues, or even colloquial scholars, of the first water. without years of labour, and alas there are too many whose But it may fairly be assumed, that out of every three or four interest it is to keep this impression. But the writer is conmen of average intelligence, one at all events would be able to vinced it is a delusion, and he gladly raises his weak voice in acquire a competent knowledge of the language, and these denouncing it as such."-China Mail. would find their advantage in the superior qualification they THE STORY OF ARJI BORJI, IN MONGOLIAN.-In our
notice of Professor Jülg's edition and translation of the The following additional remarks, in the letter we have Kalmük Siddhi-Kür (Record, No. 13.), we took occasion to alluded to, will probably astonish the minds of many of our advert to the praiseworthy liberality evinced by Mr. Wagner, readers not a little. We do not think that the writer ex the publisher of that work, in having a font of Mongolian aggerates the evil he complains of, though it has doubtless | type cast for the purpose of printing the nine supplementary decreased of late years, with the better knowledge now tales of the Siddhi-Kür, and the history of Arji Borji Khan, possessed by Chinese of foreigners.
in the eastern Mongolian dialect. The latter is likewise a He says that “natives of Canton, when called upon to favourite work of fiction with the Mongols, and corresponds in express any foreign dame, be it that of a vessel or a merchant, substance to the well-known Sanskrit story-book, the Vikraby Chinese sounds, they invariably select characters possess macharitra. Pending the preparation of these two collections ing the most offensive meanings that they can set their hands for publication, Prof. Jülg has brought out as a specimen, on on. The writer has noticed this propensity repeatedly in the plan followed in his “ Siddhi-Kür," a chapter from the business notes, contracts, &c., connected with foreigners. Arji Borji Khan, the peculiar interest of which centres in the Why they do this the writer cannot explain. Possibly it striking resemblance it bears to a celebrated episode, called arises from that traditionary hatred and contempt for the “the Ordeal,'' in the medieval German epic of 6. Tristan and foreigners, natural to the Canton mind, and which even the Isolde.” We must refer the reader to the preface of the book overthrow and long occupation of their famous city of Rams itself, for the Professor's reasons for considering the latter as has not had the effect of eradicating. They even carry the the prototype of the former. The Mongolian text is the feeling into their demeanour towards foreigners, a fact which | first that has issued from a German press, and the type often strikes northerners with surprise, and which the writer employed strikes us as being as clear and correct as the one thinks, with regret, is highly calculated to prejudice the of St. Petersburg, and certainly neater than the one of foreigner in the opinion of the most well meaning natives. Kazan, and it may so far be called a great success. What can a northern tea-man or a broker think, when he AUSTRALIAN LITERATURE.-- With the kind assitance of hears a Canton compradore, or a boy speak of his master as our friend Mr. George Robertson, of Melbourne, we hope to *the foreign devil,' of his master's wife as the foreign give, with tolerable regularity, a full account of the Literature devil's woman,' of any child as the little imp,' &c. ? The of our Australian Colonies - a literature which we feel sure natural inference in the listener's mind is either that the will have a more than ordinary interest to Englishmen. On speaker is unnecessarily abusive in the terms he used, or that another page will be found our first list of current literature. they are richly merited; unfortunately, the tendency to the - Dr. Beane's “ Contributions to the Practice of Conserlatter conclusion is the more easy, and the foreigner suffers in vative Surgery," the first Medical Work published in Ausconsequence."
tralia, has passed through one edition, and the second is From some little experience in the North of China we can preparing for publication.-Mr. F. Sinnett, the son of Mrs. fully endorse these words. Whatever the Cantonese may be Percy Sinnett, and for some time editor of the Melbourne here, they are in the North what the above describes them to Herald, died at Melbourne in November last. He was for be, and Northern Chinese frequently express their astonish three years editor of the Melbourne Punch, afterwards editor ment at the insolence of the Cantonese to foreigners. The of the Geelong Daily News, then connected with the Adelaide cool “cheek” of a Canton boy is unknown to natives of the Telegraph, The Wallet, and other publications, and for the North, and they cannot comprehend the reason why foreigners last twelve months of his life held an important position on who never tolerate a rudeness from them should allow an' the Melbourne Argus.
AUSTRALIAN LITERATURE.* Adamson's Australian Gardener; an Epitome of Bailliere's County Atlas of Victoria. 21 coloured Horticulture for the Colony of Victoria. By WM. ADAM
Maps. Folio, half morocco. Melbourne, 1866. son. Eighth Edition. 12mo. stitched. Melbourne. Almanacs.
Bruce.- Scab in Sheep and its Cure: A Practical THE VICTORIA ALMANAC for 1867. Melbourne.
Treatise on the Cause and Symptoms of Scab in Sheep, and THE AUSTRALASIAN WESLEYAN AND GENE- |
the Appearance, Detection, and Habits of the Acarus,
with minute Directions for the Dressing and Cure of RAL ALMANAC for 1867. Melbourne.
Infected Sheep. To which is Appended an Account Australian Medical Journal.—The Australian
of Dr. THORNTON's Experiments on the Vitality and ProMedical Journal, comprising Original Contributions,
pagation of the Acarus, and an Analysis of Colonial
Tobacco. By ALEXANDER BRUCE, Chief Inspector of Reports of Medical and Scientific Societies, Editorial
Sheep, New South Wales. With Engravings. Second Articles, Reviews, General Correspondence, Hospital
Edition, revised and greatly enlarged. 8vo. limp cloth, Reports, Extracts from Medical and Scientific Literature, etc. Melbourne. Published Monthly.
pp. 35. Sydney, 1866. Australian Monthly Magazine.-The Australian
Coles's Religions of the World.—Coles's InformaMonthly Magazine, à Journal of Politics, Literature,
tion for the People on the Religions of the World. To be Science, and Art. Melbourne.
completed in about 20 parts. No. 1. 8vo. pp. 28.
Melbourne, 1866. Australian Views.—The Cabinet Album of Aus
tralian Views, Photographed and published by D. | Cooper.—The Science of Spiritual Life. By the McDONALD. First Series, Melbourne Views. Oblong 4to. Rev. John COOPER, author of Christianity as a Human Melbourne, 1866.
System an Impossibility,” etc. 8vo. Melbourne 1866. * Supplied by Trübner f. Co., 60, Paternoster Row, London.
De Gruchy and Leigh's Guide to Melbourne. - | Morris.--"Let no Man deceive you;" An Answer
De Gruchy and Leigh's Strangers' Guide to Melbourne I to Napoleon III., the Monarch of the World, by Rer.
PUBLIC READERS, whether in the Senate, at the Bar, in
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sewed. Melbourne, 1866.
Penny Readings in Melbourne: What They Are,
and What They Ought to Be-Institutions for Educating
the Uneducated Masses. 8vo, sewed. Melbourne, 1806.
Plunkett's Australian Magistrate. New edition,
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Barrister-at-Law. 8vo. cloth, pp. 680. Sydney, 1866.
Roebuck.-Napoleonti 666. A Warning Cry from
Australia to Friends in England. By HENRY ROEBUCE,
By R. H. HORNE, author of "Orion,” etc. Crown 8vo. 32. Geelong. 1866.
stiff wrapper, with Portrait of the Author. Melbourne, 1866. Rogerson.—The Poetical Works of David Roger-
son. Fscap. 8vo. wrapper. Heathcote, 1866.
Techow.—Manual of Gymnastic Exercises for
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HORSLEY. 8vo. coloured wrappor. Melbourne, 1866. Thomas.-Britannia Antiquissima; or a Key to
the Philology of History (Sacred and Profane). "Gwin
yn erbyn y byd Yugwneb Haul or llygad golenni." By
John Jones THOMAS, B.A. Cantab. (Caraddaeg), late Her
Majesty's Inspector of Denominational Schools. Sro.
pp. 216, Melbourne, 1866.
Highland Girl's Captivity among the Australian Blacks. BULBS, AND FRUITS, used as Vegetable Food by the
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THOZET. 8vo. wrapper, pp. 20. Rockhampton, 1866.
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CONTENTS.-On the Pselaphidæ of Australia. By the Rev. R. L.
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ledge, in 200 lessons (Chinese and English). Gradation I.
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JAESCHKE.-A SHORT PRACTICAL GRAMMAR OF
THE TIBETAN LANGUAGE, with special reference to
the spoken dialects. By R. A. Jaeschke. Lith. 4to, pp.
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