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324 ShotriNG, or High and Loud—im

lying {.{ utterance. The last words of Marmion afford excellent means, when memorized, for the student to try the compass of his voice upwards, as well as its power on high pitches. It is not often that these high and almost screaming notes are required in public speaking : yet. there are times, especially in the open air, when they may be introduced with great effect. And it is always well to have an inexhaustible capital of voice, as of money; indeed, there is no danger of having too much of either, provided we make a proper use of them. In giving the word of command, on occasions of fire, erecting buildings, on the field of battle, martial exercise, &c., power and compass of voice are very desirable.

325. 1. “The war, that for a space did fail, Now, trebly thundering, swell'd the gale, And (10), “Stanley !" (6) was the cry; A light on Marmion’s visage spread, and fired his glazing eye : With dying hand, above his . e shook the fragment of his blade, and shouted (8) “VICTORY :" (9) CHARGE | Chester, (10) chargE ON, (11) STANLEY —(12) OIN.” (3) Were the last words of Marmion. 2. (6) LIBERTY : (8) FREEDOM (5) TYRANNY is DEAD ! (6) Run (7) HENCE' PRoclaim it about the st REETs' 3. The combat deepens; (4) “ON : ye BRAve ' Who rush—to (6) gloRy,–or the (3) grave; (9) WAve—Munich: all thy (10) BANNERs wave! (8) And charge– with all thy (3) chiv ALRY.”

926. ConstitutionAL LAw, in its ertended sense, includes the study of the constitutions, or fundamental laws of the various Nations: i. e. the structure, and mechanism of their government, and the appointments, powers, and duties of their officers. The United States Constitutional Law, may be considered under five different heads; viz.: Legislative Power, Erecutive Power, Judicial Power, State Rights Restrictions, and United States Statutes and Treaties. The Legislative power is vested in a Con

ress, consisting of a Senate and House of jo. elected by the people, or their State Legislatures; the Erecutive power, in a President, who holds his office four years; the Judicial power, in a Supreme Court, which consists of one Chief Justice, and eight Associate Justices, and in such inferior courts, as Congress may ordain, or establish. State rights and restrictions—are powers not delegated by the Constitution to the United States, nor prohibited by it to the States, but reserved to the States, respectively, or to the people.

Amecdote. For A youth, who was a pupil of Zeno, on his return home, was asked by his father, “what he had learned f" The lad replied, ... that will appear hereaf. ter." On this, the father, being enraged, beat his son; who, bearing it Poio and withSu: complaining, said, “This have I learn*d, to endure a parent's anger.”

Rather suffer wrong than do wrong.

Proverbs. 1. A bitter jest—is the poison of Jriendship. 2. Be ever vigilant, but never suspicious. 3. Cheerfulness—is perfectly consistent with true piety. 4. Demonstration—is the best mode of instruction. 5. Entertain not sin, lest you like its company. 6. Finesse—is unworthy of a liberal Inind. 7. Good counsel—is above all price. 8. Hearts—may agree, tho' heads—differ. 9. Idleness—is the parent of want, shame, and missry. 10. Learn to live, as you would wish to die, 11. Content—is the highest bliss. 12. Wer not yourself, when ill spoken of. Force of Habit. Habit—hath so vast a prevalence over the human mind, that there. is scarcely any thing too strange, or too strong, to be asserted of it. The story of the miser, who, from long accustoming to cheat others, came at last to cheat himself, and with great delight and triumph picked his own pockot of a guinea, to convey to his hoard, is not impossible, or improbable. In like manner it fares with the practisers of deceit, who, from having long deceived their acquaintance, gain at last a power of deceiving themselves, and acquire that very opinion, however false, of their own abili. ties, excellences, and virtues, into which they have for years, perhaps, endeavored to betray their neighbors. Varieties. 1. Eternity, (wrote a deaf and dumb boy.) is the lifetime of the Deity. 2. No evil can be successfully combatted, or removed, but from the opposite good, from a desire for it, and an attachment to it; i. e. till the mind is perfectly willing to relinquish the evil. 3. A man's ruling love—governs him; because, what he loves, he continues to will. 4. Sweet harmonist, and beautiful as sweet, and young as beautiful, and as goung, and gay as soft, and innocent as gay. 5. Had Caesar genius 7 he was an oraic: / Had Caesar judgment 2 he was a politician : Had Caesar valorf he was a conqueror 2 Had Caesar feeling 7 he was a friend ? 6. Music-is one of the sweetest flowers of the intellectual garden; and, in relation to its power—to exhibit the passions, it may be called—the universal language of nature. 7. Whatever the immediate cause may be, the effect is so far good, as men cease to do evil, they learn to do well. The Fish ERMAN. A perilous life, a.md sad—as life may be, Hath the lone fisher—on the lonely sea; In the wild waters laboring, far from hone, Eor some poor pittance, eer compelled to roarn.” Few friends to cheer him—in his dangerous lyse, And none to aid him—in the stormy strife. Companion of the sea and silent air, The lonely fisher thus must ever fare; Without the comfort, hope—with scarce a friend. He looks through life, and only sees—its end! “Thou art, O God! the life and light Of all this wondrous world we see; Its glow by day, its smile by night, Are but reflections—caught from thee! Where'er we turn, thy glories shine, And all things bright and fair —are thine.”

327. SPEAKING THE GAUNTLET. We Proverbs. I. Son hands, and soft breinshave all heard of the practice, that prevails generally go together. 2. Let time be the judge among some tribes of Indians, called “tun. and common sense the jury. 3. Cherish an ar. ning the gauntlet;" when a company ardent love of nature and of art. 4. The region range themselves in two rows, a few yards beyond the grave, is not a solitary one. 5. Each apart, and their prisoner is obliged to run night-is the past day's funeral: and each mornbetween them; when each throws his hatchet its resurrection. 6. Better be exalted by humility, at him; and if he passes through without than brought low by exaltation. 7. Tight-lacingbeing killed, he is permitted to live. In the is a gradual suicide, and tends to enkindle imimportant exercise, here recommended, each pure desires. 8. Good manners-are always beinember of the class, after making some coming. 9. The candid man has nothing to con. proficiency, memorizes and recites, a strong ceal; he speaks nothing but truth. 10. Plate and powerful sentence, and the others try to said-read much; but read not many books. ll. put out, or break down, the one that is Marry in haste; repent at leisure. 12. If you will speaking, by all sorts of remarks, sounds, not keep, you cannot have. 13. Prune off uselese looks, and actions; tho' without touching

branches. him: and the gauntlet speaker, girds up the loins of his mind, and endeavors to keep the

Government. It is time that men should fountain of feeling higher than the streams: learn to tolerate nothing ancient, that reason and so long, he is safe; but alas for him, does not respect, and to shrink from no novthat shrinks into himself, and yields to his elty, to which reason may conduct. It is

time that the human powers, so long occu. opponents. But this,-and ills severer-he sustains:

pied by subordinaie objects and inferior arts,

should mark the commencement of a nero As gold—the fire, and, as unhurt remains :

era in history, by giving birth to the art of When most reviled, altho' he feels the smart, It wakes—10 NOBLER deeds—the wounded heari. civil happiness of man. It is time, that le

improving government, and increasing the The noble mind--unconscious of a fault, gislators, instead of that narrow and das. No fortune's frown-can bend, or smiles-exalt: tardly coasting, which never ventures to Like the firm rock-that in mid-ocean-braves lose sight of usage and precedent, should, The war of whirlwinds, and the dash of waves : guided by the polarity of reason, hazard a Or, like a tower-he lists his head on high bolder navigation, and discover, in unex. And fortune's arrows-far below him fly. plored regions, the treasure of public feli.

328. MCUTHING. Some — think that city. words are rendered more distinct, to large Varieties. 1. Did not Mr. Pitt, by the assemblies, by dwelling longer on the sylla force of his eloquence, raise himself to be bles; others, that it adds to the pomp and the prime minister of England ? 2. A rich solemnity of public declamation, in which man's son-generally begins-where his they think every thing must be different father left off; and ends-where his father from private discourse. This is one of the began-pennyless. 3. A proneness to talk vices of the stage, and is called theatrical, of persons, instead of things, indicates a in opposition to what is natural. By tripnarrow, and superficiál mind. pingly on the tongue," Shakspeare probably the world--may scorn me, if they choose ; I care means--the bounding of the voice from ac

But little for their scoffings: I may

sink cent to accent; trippingly along from word For moments ; but I rise again, nor shrink to word, without resting on syllables by the From doing-what the faithful heart inspires · way.

And, by “mouthing," dwelling on I will not flatter, fawn, nor crouch, nor wink syllables, that have no accent, and ought Therefore to be pronounced as quickly as is At what high mounted wealth, or power desires; consistent with a proper enunciation. Avoid I have a LOFTIER alm—10 which my soul aspires. an artificial air, and hold, as it were, the

Be humble-learn thyself to scan; mirror up to nature. See the difference in Know-PRIDE-was never made for man. the following, by pronouncing them with 6. Where there is emulation—there will be the accent, extending thro’ the whole word, vanity; and where there is vanily, there in a drawling tone, and then, giving them will be folly. 7. Each man has his proper properly: con-jec-ture, en-croach-ment, hap: standard to fight under, and his peculiar duly pi-ness, grat-i-tude, for-tu-nate-ly; which to perform: one tribe's office-is not that is very far from true solemnity, which is in of another: neither is the inheritance the the spirit; not alone in the manner.

Anecdote. A student in college-carried I wander-by the mountain's side, a manuscript poern, of his own composition, Whose peaks-reflect the parting toy, to his tutor, for his inspection. The tutor, Or stoop-10 view the river glide after looking it over, inquired the author's In silvery ripples-on its way. reason, for beginning every line with a capi The turf is green, the sky is blue, tal letter, “Because it is poetry," said the

The sombre trees-in silence rest, student. “It is!" said the teacher, “I de.

Save where a songster-rustles throngh clare, I should not have thought it."

The drooping foliage—to his riest; By frequent use-EXPERIENCE-gains its grooth, Yet one thing-wants the pilgrim there But knowledge-flies from laziness and sloch

A kindred soul, the scene to share.

same.

329. Revision. Before entering on a consideration of the Inflections, and other higher modifications of voice, the pupil is again earnestly solicited—to review all the principles, that have been brought forward; especially all that relates to Accent, Pauses, Emphasis, and the alphabet of music, or the eight notes; and, in this revision, be careful not to confound one principle with another; as stress with quantily, high sounds with loud ones, and low ones with feeble. Remember, that stress is a quick blow, or ick-tus of the voice; çuantity—length of sound; high sounds—on, or above the sixth note; loud ones—hallooing; low sounds—on, or below the third note; jeeble ones, softly, as from weakness. Practice the examples, till you make them fit you, and produce on yourselves and others, the desired effects. 330. I came to the place of my birth, and said; “The friends of my youth—where are they?” And echo answered,—“Where?” 2. When the Indians were solicited to emigrate to the West, they replied; What ' shall we say, to the bones of our fathers—Arise.' and go with us into a foreign land? The truly lovely— Are not the fair, who boast but of outward grace, The nought, but beautiful of form and face; They—are the lovely—THEy, in whom unite, [light, Earth's fleeting charms—with virtue's HEAvENLY Who, tho’ they wither, yet, with faded bloom— Bear their all of sweetness—to the tomb. Notes. 1. Such is the careless and ignorant manner in which many have been permitted to come up, instead of being trought up, that it will often be found necessary to use a rariety of means to become divested of bad habits and their consequencer. 2. Probably the lungs suffer more than any other part of the !oy, by teing cooped up in a small cavity. To enlarge the chest, •ide-wise, practice the elevation of the elbows to a horizontal plane nearly level with the shoulders, and commence gently tapping the breast ortween the shoulders, the ends of the fingers of both hands teing nearly together; and then, during the exercise, strike lack from the sternum toward, each shoulder, drawing the hands farther and farther apart, till the ends of the fingers reach the armpits, and even out on the arm, without depressing the elbows: try it, and you will see and know. Anecdote. Flying To; not From. Some years ago, a person requested permission of the Bishop of Salisbury, in England, to fly from the spire of his church. The good bishop, with an anxious concern for the man's spiritual, as well as temporal safety, told him, he was very welcome to fly to the church; but ht, would encourage no one to fly from it. The BUTTERFly. Child of the sun' pursue thy rapturous flight, Mingling with her thou lov'st—in fields of light; And, where the flowers of Paradise unfold, Quaff fragrant nectar—from their cups of gold, There shall thy wings, rich as an evening sky, Erpand—and shut—in silent ecstasy. Yet, wert thou once a worm, a thing, that crept On the bare earth, then wronght a tomb, and slept; And such—is man; soon, trou, his cell of clay, Wo burst a Seran 1–.n the blaze of day.

Proverbs. 1. Pri, e—is the greatest cneany to reason ; and discretion—the great opposite of prote. 2. The truse—shape their apparel to the body; the proud—shape their body to their apparel. 3. A sound and vigorous mind, in a healthy body, is an invaluable possession. 4. Experience— is the mother of the arts. 5. He, is never tired of listening, who wishes to gain knowledge. 6. Better consider for a day, than repent for a year. 7. Economy—is the foundation of liberality, and the parent of independence. 8. Use no totacco, if you would be decent, clean, and healthy. 9. The path of literature is more difficult, than that which leads to fortune. 10. That which is well done, is three done. 11. Of a little--take a little. 12. A hasty Inan—never wants tooe.

Providence. If a man lets his hand lie in the ice, it is highly probable Providence will ordain it to be frozen ; or if he holds it in the fire, to be burnt. Those who go to sea, Providence will sometimes permit to be drowned; those, on the other hand, who mever quit dry ground, Providence will hardly suffer to perish in the sea. It is therefore justly said, “Help yourself, and Heaven will help you.” The truth is, that God has helped " us from the beginning; the work of the master is completed; and, so far as it was intended to be so, perfect; it requires, therefore, no fourther extraordinary aids and corrections from above; its further development and improvement in this world is placed in our own hands. We may be good or bad, wise or foolish, not always perhaps in the degree which we, as individuals, might choose, were our wills perfectly free, but so far as the state of the human race, immediately preceding us, has formed us to decide.

Varieties. 1. Is animat!, or httman magnetism, true? 2. When the spirit is determined, it can do almost anything; therefore, never yield to discouragement in doing, or getting, what is good and true. 3. What temptation is greater, than permitting young persons, and especially young men, in this degenerate world, to handle much money, that is not their own. 4. Exhibit such an earample in your dress, conversaturn, and temper, as will be worthy of imitation. 5. We often hear it said, “that people, and things, are changed.” Is it not ourselter that have changed! The heart—makes all around, a mirror of itself.

REAL glory—

Springs from the silent conquest of 2wrselves,

And, without that—the conqueror is nought,

But the first slave. 7. Every word, spoken from affection, leaves an everlasting impression in the mind; every thought, spoken from affection, becomes a living creation ; and the same also, if not spoken, if it be fully assented to by the mind.

When the stem dies, the leaf, that grew
Out of its heart, must perish too.

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331. Every emotion of the mind has its

Proverbs. 1. A wise governor, would rather own external manifestation ; so that no one preserv, peace, than gam a victory. 2. It is emotion can be accommodated to another. sometimes a benefit to grant favors, and at other Observe the native eloquence of a hungry times, to deny them. 3. An angry person is anchild, when asking for a piece of bread and gry with himself, when he returns to reason. butter ; especially, the third or fourth time ; herever you are, conform to the usual cusand mark its emphasis, and tones : also the toms and manners of the country. 5. To encourage qualities of voice, with which it expresses its the unworthy, is to promote vice. 6. Ingratitude

to che benevolent-generally ends in disgrace. 1. grief, anger, joy, &c. The manner of each

Esteen virtue, cho'in a foe: abhor rice, tho’in a passion is entirely different ; nor does it ever apply one for another; indeed, children in friends, 8. The more one speaks of himself, iho

less willing is he, to hear another talked about. their own efforts, always make the proper 9. Nature is always corteut with herself. 10. emphasis, inflections, and gestures ; and they Form your opinions of a person, by his questions, are graceful in all, when under the sole influ- rather than by bis answers. ll. Say-oan uisence of nature. Thus, from nature, unso- dom-e'er reside, with passion, envy, hate, or phistocated, may be derived the whole art of pride? 12. In a calm sea, every man is pilot. 13. speaking. The author is free to acknow- A good life-keeps off wrinkles. ledge, that he has learned more about true Debt. There is nothing—more in be eloquence, from children, and the Indians, dreaded, than debt : when a person, whose and his consequent practice, than from all principles are good, unhappily falls into this other sources.

situation, adieu to all peace and comfort 332. CICERO—copied, and imitated, every The reflection imbitters every meal, and body; he was the very mocking-bird of el-drives from the cyelils refreshing sleep. It oquence, which is his greatest distinction, corrodes and cankers every cheerful idea and glory: for who so various as he ; who so and, like a stern Cerberus, guards each ave sweet, so powerful, so simply eloquent, or so nue to the heart, so that pleasure does not magnificently flowing, and each, and all, by approach. Happy! thrice happy! are those, turns? His mind was a perfect pan-hurmon- who are blessed with an independent compe icon. Your original writer,—your original tence, and can confine their wants within the character, has no sympathies ; he is heart-bounds of that competence, be it what it may bound, brain-bound and lip-bound; he is tru. To such alone, the bread vt life is palatable ly an oddity; he is like no-body, and no-body and nourishing. Sweet is : ' morsel, that is is like him; he reeds on self-adoration, or acquired by an honest indulsy, the produce the adulation of fools ; who mistake the ora- of which is permanent, or that flows from a cles of pride and vanity, for the inspirations source which will not fail. A subsistence, of genius.

that is precarious, or procured by an uncer. 3:33. There are some, even in this enlight- tain prospect of payment, carries neither cued age, who affect to despise the acquisi- wine nor oil with it. Let me, therefore, again tion of elocution, and other important and repeat, that the person, who is deeply involvuseful accomplishments; but such persons ed in debt, experiences, on earth, all the tor. are generally very awkward themselves, and tures, the poets describe to be the lot of the dislike the application and practice, that are wretched inhabitants of Tatarus. necessary to render them agreeable and im

Varieties. 1. Is not a' want of purity, pressive speakers. It is an old adage-that the cause of the fickleness of mankind! 2. many--despise that, which they do not pos. A man's character is like his shadow; sess, and which they are too indolent to at- which sometimes follows, and at others, pre tain. Remember the fox and the grapes.

cedes him; and which is occasionally longer, Anecdote. A colonel was once com

or shorter, than he is. 3. Admiration-sig. plaining, that from the ignorance, and inat

nifies the reception and acknowledgment of tention of the officers, he was obliged to do the whole duty of the regiment. Said he, “I am should have good roads, if all the sinners

a thing, in thought, and affection. 4. We my own captain, my own lieutenant, my own

were set to mend them. 5. The world is a cornet, and “ Your own trumpeter,"

hive, that affords both sweets, and poisons, said a lady present. NOW came still evening on, and twilight gray

with many empty combs. 6. All earthly en Had, in her sober livery, all things clad.

joyments are not what they appear ; there. Süence-accompanied; for beast, and bird,

fore, we should discriminate ; for some are They, to their grassy couch, these-to their nest

sweet in hopes, but, in fruition, sour. 7. Or. Were sunk, all, but the wakeful nightingale ;

der is the sweetest, most pacific, regular
She, all night long, her amorous descant sung;
Silence-was pleas'd. Now glow'd the formanns and delightful melody: the first motion is
With living ra;phires : Hosperur, that led

one, and the end is one: the final end is the Th starry host, rode brightest ; till be moon,

similitude of the beginning.
Riring in clouded majesty, at length
Apparent qucen, unvail'd ber peerless light,

Self, alone, in nature-rooted fash
Attends us first, and leaves us.-last.

android dark her silver mantle threw.

334. INFLECTIONS. These are the rising Proverbs. 1. As you soio, you shall reap. and falling slides of the voice, terminating 2. Betray no trust, and divulge no secret. 3. Chido on a higher, or lower pitch, than that on not severely, nor punish hastily. 4. Despise rone, which it commenced; being continuous from and despair of none. 5. Enry cannot see; igno the radical, or opening fullness of voice, to rance cannot judge. 6. Gossiping and lying, gee the vanish, or terminating point; and not nerally go hand in hand. 7. He, who swears, discrete, as the seven notes are. In the in- distrusis his own word. 8. It is not easy to love tonations, the voice steps up or down, by those, whom we do not esteem. 9. Labor brings discrete degrees; but in the inflections, it pleasure; idleness-pain. 10. Many a true word

is spoken in jest. 11. He who serves—is not free giides up or down, by continuous degrees. 12. First come,

first served. 13. When gold speake, The piano, organ, &c., give discrete degrees; all longues are silent. the harp, violin, &c., continuous degrees.

Anecdote. Don't know him. Lord Nel. 335. The following sentences may be read, son, when a boy, being on a visit to his aunt's, with either the fulling, or the rising inflec- went one day a hunting, and wandered so tion; and the pupil should determine, from far, that he did not return, till long after dark. the sense, &c., the object of the question. 1. Is The lady, who was much alarmed by his abnot good reading and speaking a very rare sence, scolded him scverely; and among other aitainment ? 2. How are we to recover from things said; I wonder Fear did not drive you the effects of the fall? 3. Are we natually home. Fear," replied the lad, “I don't inclined to evil or good? 4. Is it possible for know him.' man to save himself? 5. Who is entitled to

Progress of Society. Whoever has at. the more honor, Columbus, or Washington ? tentively meditated-on the progress of the 6. Which is the more useful member in so-human race, cannot fail to discern, that there ciety, the farmer, or the mechanic? 7. Ought is now a spirit of inquiry amongst men there to be any restrictions to emigration which nothing can stop, or even materially 8. Will any one, who knows his own heart, control. Reproach and ybloquy, threats are: trust himself?

persecution, will be in vain. They may iin336. The inflections may, perhaps, be bitter opposition and engender violence, but better understood, by contrasting them with they cannot abate the keenness of research. the monotone ; which is nearly one continued There is a silent march of thought, which no sound, without elevation, or depression, and power can arrest, and which, it is not difficul may be represented by a straight horizontal to foresee, will be marked by important events. line, thus;

In the use of the Mankind were never before in the situation in inflections, the voice departs from the mono- which they now stand. The press has been lone, and its radical, in a continued elevation operating upon them for several centuries, or depression, two, three, five, or eight notes, with an influence scarcely perceptible at its according to the intensity of the affirmation, commencement, but by daily becoming more interrogation, command, petition, or nega- palpable, and acquiring accelerated force, it tion; which are the five distinctive attributes is rousing the intellect of nations; and happy of the vital parts of speech.

will it be for them, if there be no rash inter337. SOME OF MAN'S CHARACTERISTICS. ference with the natural progress of knowHis position is naturally upright ; he has free ledge; and if by a judicious and gradual use of both hands: hence, he is called the adaptation of their institutions to the inevitonly two-handed animal: the prominence of able changes of opinion, they are saved from his chin, and the uniform length of his teeth, those convulsions, which the pride, prejudices are peculiar: he is, physically, defenceless, and obstinacy of a few may occasion to the having neither weapons of attack nor of de

whole. fence : his facial angle is greater than that

Varieties. 1: A good wife — is like a of any other animal; being from 70° to 90°: snail. Why? Because she keeps in her own bo has generally the largest brains: he is the house : a good wife is not like a snail. Why? only animal that sleeps on his back : the only Because she does not carry her all on her one that laughs and weeps; the only one back: a good wife is like a town clock. that has an articulate language, expressive Why? Because she keeps good time : 2 of ideas : and he is the only one endued with good wife is not like a town clock. Why? reason and moral sense, and a capacity for Because she does not speak so loud, that all religion ; the only being capable of serving the town can hear her: a good wife is like an God intelligibly.

echo. Why? Because she speaks when spo. Thy soul-was like a star-and dwelt apart;

ken to: a good wife is not like an echo. Why? Thou hadst a roice—whose sound was like the sea, Because she does not tell--all she hears. Pure-as the naked heavens, majestic. free.

Ye maidens fair-consider well, So didst thou travel-on life's common way,

And look both shrewd, and sly, in cheerful godliness; and yet—thy heart

Ere rev'rend lips, make good the knon The lowliest duties-oa herself did lay.

Your teeth-will ne'er untie

MILTOX.

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