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399, STRENGTH OF VOICE. The voice Proverbs. 1. To subdue a error, do is weak, or strong, in proportion to the less, not incur a greater. 2. Anger and hasteander cr greater, number of organs and muscles, gcod counsel. 3. All cornplain of want of memory that are brought into action. If one uses but none of want of judgment. 4. Gord men are only the upper part of the chest, his voice a public good, and bad men-a public calamity will be weak: if he uses the whole body, 5. Human laws reach not our thoughts. 6. Ruas ne should do, (not in the most powerful lers—have no power over souls. 7. No one ever manner, of course, on common occasions,) suffered-by not speaking ill of others. 8. Silly his voice will be strong. Hence, to strength people are generally pleased with silly things. 9 en a weak voice, the student must practice Zeal, without knowledge, is religious wildfire. 10 expelling the vowel sounds, using all the The example of a good man-is visible philus. abdominal and dorsal nerves and muscles : ophy. in addition to which, he should read and re Anecdote. Clients' Bones. A certain cite when standing or sitting, and walking mechanic, having occasion to boil some cat. on a level plain, and up hill: success will tle's feet, emptied the bones near the court be the result of faithful practice.

house. A lawyer, observing them, inquired So soft, so elegant, so fair,

of a bystander, what they were. “I believe Sure, something more than human's there. they are clients' bones,” replied the wit, Upon my lule there is one string

they appear to be well picked." Broken; the chords-were drawn too fast:

The Deceiver. A Base Character. Must My heart—is like that string; it tried

not that man be abandoned, even to all man

ner of humanity, who can deceive a woman Too much, and snapt in twain at fast.

with appearances of affection and kindness, She will, and she will not, she grants and she de- for no other end, but to torment her with Coissents, retracts, adrances, and then flies. (nies; more ease and authority? Is anything more Mental fragrance-still will last,

unlike a gentleman, than, when his honor is When our youthful charms are past. engaged for the performing his promises, If little labor, little are our gains ;

because nothing but that can oblige him to Man's fortunes-are according to his pains.

it, to become afterwards false to his word,

and be alone, the occasion of misery to one, Delightful task-to rear the tender thought,

whose happiness he but lately pretended wag To teach the young idea-how to shool, dearer to him than his own ? Ought such a To pour the fresh instruction o'er the mind, one to be trusted in his common affairs ? or To breathe th’enliv'ning spirit, and to fix treated, but as one whose honesty-consisted The generous purpose in the glowing breasi. only in his capacity of being otherwise.

100. Demosthenes-had three particular Varieties. 1. Is it strange, that beauti. defects; first, weakness of the voice; which ful flowers should wither and die? 2. Trust he strengthened by declaiming on the sea- thyself; every heart vibrates to that iron shore, amid the roar of waters; which effort string. 3. Our American character is mark. would tend directly to bring into use the cd by a more than average delighl-in aclower parts of the body; second, shortness curate perception; which is shown by the of breath ; which he remedied by repeating currency of the by-word—" no mistake.” 4. his orations as he walked up hill; which act In sickness, and languor, give us a strain serves to bring into use the appropriate or of poetry, or a profound sentence, and we are gans, and fully inflate the lungs: and third, refreshed; when the great Herder was dy. a thick, mumbling way of speaking; which ing, he said to his friends, who were weep. he overcame by reading and reciting with ing around him: “Give me some great pebbles in his mouth; which required him thought." Blessed are they, who minister to io make a greater effort from below, and the cry of the soul. 5. The christian sees, open his mouth wider. Examine yourself in all that befalls the human race, whether and act accordingly.

it be good or evil, only the manifestations Inconsistency. Montaigue-condemns of Divine Love, as exercised in training and cruelty, as the most odious of all vices; yet preparing souls, for the approach of that he confesses, that hunting—was his favorite perfection, which they are one day destined diversion. He acknowledges the inconsist. to realize. 6. For every friend, that we ency of man's conduct, but he does not as. lose for truth, God gives us a better one. cribe it to the right cause; which is the pre- The love of praise, howe'er concealed by are, dominance, at the time, of those associations Reigns, more or less, and glows in every heart: it awakens, conducing to pleasure. If hc The proud—to gain it-oils on toils endure, had not been accustomed to it, the associa. The modestshun it, but to make it sure; tions of hunting, would have been painful, O'er globes and sceptres, now on thrones it swells, and bis

to cruelty in the abstract, Now trims the midnight lamp—in college cells. would have been realized in the concrete and Tis try, whig; it plots, prays, preaches, pleads. particulars.

Harangues in senales, speaks in mosqucrad-s
Then, pigrim. turn, thy cares forego It aids the dancer's heel, the woriter's head,
All earth-born cares-are wrong;

And heaps the plain-with mountains of the dead,
Man-wants but little-here below, Nor ends with life; but nods in sable plumes,
Nor wants that little-long.

Adorns our hearse, a'd flatters-on our tombs. BRONSON. 10

8. The

401. TRANSITION—means, in speech, the Proverbs. I. Be just to others, that you may changes of pitch, from one note to another; be just to yourself. 2. The mind of the idleras from the eighth to the third: or from the never knows what it wishes for. 3. Every rose sixth to the first; and vice versa ; to corres- has its thorn. 4. There is nothing good, that pond in variety and character, to the senti- may not be converted to evil purposes. 5. Fero ment and emotion. In singing, it means persons are aware-of the iniportance of rigid changing the place of the key-note, so as to economy. 6. Do not suffer yourself to be deceiver keep the tune within the scale of twenty-two --by outward appearances. 7. Never take addegrees. In transition—the pitches of voice word, that has gone forth-can never be recalled

vantage of another man's ignorance, are not only changed, but its qualities, agreea- 9. A bird in the hand, is worth two in the busk. bly to the nature and object of the composi- 10. That load appears light, which is borne with tion; however, there must never be any sac- cheerfulness. 11. Virtue is the forerunner or rifice of other principles—all the proportions happiness. 12. Foresight—is the eye of prudence. must be preserved. Example:

Anecdote. Obey Orders. A brave veteAn hour passed on; the Turk awoke,

ran officer, reconnoitering a battery, which That (6) bright dream-(3) was his last. was considered impregnable, and which it He (5) woke-10 hear his sentry's shriek, [Greek!" was necessary to storm, laconically answered (8) “TO arms! they(6)come! the (8) Greek! the (10) the engineers, who were endeavoring to dis He woke-to die-midst (3) flame, and (5) smoke, suade him from the attempt;—“Gentlemen, And (6) shout, and (3) groan, and sabre stroke, you may think and say what you please : And death-shots falling thick and fast

all I know, is,—that the American flagAs lightnings—from the mountain-cloud ;

must be hoisted on the ramparts to-morrow And heard with voice as trumpet loud,

morning; for I have the order in my pocket.Bozzarris-cheer his band.

Effects of Perseverance. All the per(8) Strike ! till the last armed foe expires ; (9) Strike ! for your (6) altars and your (8) fires, with praise or wonder, are instances of the

formances of human art, at which we look (10) Strike ! for the green graves of your sires, (8) God--and your native land.

resistless force of perseverance; it is by this 403. To succeed in these higher parts of that the quarry becomes a pyramid, and that oratory, one must throw himself into the con- rail-roads. If a man was to compare the ef

distant countries are united with canals and dition, and shape, he wishes to fill, or be, and fect of a single stroke of a pickaxe, or of one bring the body into perfect subjection: by as impression of the spade, with the general desuming the appropriate language of action

sign and last result, he would be overwhelm and earnestness, he may work himself into

ed by the sense of their disproportion ; yet any frame of mind, that the subject demands. those petty operations, incessantly continuerl

, He must be sure to keep up the life, spirit, in time, surmount the greatest difficulties, an! and energy of the composition; and let there mountains are levelled, and oceans bounded be a light and glow in his style. He must

by the slender force of human beings. also cultivate a bold and determined manner;

Varlottes. 1. Can Omnipolence do things for if he takes no special interest in what he incompatible and contradictory? 2. St. Au. is reading or speaking, he may rest assured

gustine described the nature of God, as a cir. others will not

cle, whose centre was everywhere, and his Lo! from the regions of the north,

circumference nowhere. 3. The walls of rude The reddening storm of battle pours,

minds are scrawled all over with facts and (5) Rolls along the trembling earth,

with thoughts; then shall one bring a lan. (6) Fastens on the Olynthian towers ; [brade ?

tern, and read the inscriptions? 4. “My chil. (8) Where rests the sword? Where sleep the dren,” said an old man to his boys, scared by (9) Awake' 18 Cecropia's ally save (6) From the fury of the blast;

a figure in the dark entry, "you will never (8) Burst the storm-on Phoci's walls ;

see anything worse than yourselves.” 5. (10) Rise, or Greece (8) forever falls :

Some one says, " There are no prodigies, but (12) Up! or (10) freedom-breathes her (6) last.

the first death, and the first night, that deserve (4) The jarring states-obsequious now,

astonishment and sadness!!" 6. When we (5) View the patriot's hand on high ;

have broken our god of Tradition, and ceas(2) Thunder-gathering on his brow,

ed from our god of Persuasion, then, God (6) Lightning-flashing from his eye :

may fire our hearts, with his own presence ; (8) Grasp the shield—and draw the (6) sword. but not before. 7. No love can be bound by (9) Lead us to (8) Philippi's lord ;

oath, or covenant, to secure it against a higher (6) Let '18 (10) conquer him,-(5) or (2) dis. love.

God-scatters love-on every side, Behold the Book, whose leaves display

Freely-among his children all; Jesus, the life, the truth, the way;

And always-hearts are open wide Read it with diligence and prayer,

Wherein some grains may fall. Scanch it, and you shall find him there.

To knoro and love God, is everything.


403. MALE AND FEMALE VOICES. The Marims. 1. Bad counsel contounds the act voices of men--are generally an octave lower viser. 2. No one can do wrong, without suffering than those of women; or, comparatively, wrong. 3. He is greatest, who is most useful 4. men's voices are like the bass riol, and 10- Love-and you shall be loved. 5 A great manmen's voices like the violin. The voice is is willing to be little. 6. Blame is safer than made grave, that is, to run on lower pitches, praise. 7. All the devils respect virtue. 8. A by elongating, and enlarging the vocal sincere word was never lost. 9. Curses-always chords; and it is made acute, that is, to run

recoil upon the head of him, who imprecate them. on higher pitches, by shortening and dimin-10. God-will not make himself manifest to cowishing them; in connection, however, with ards. 11. The love of society is natural. the size of the chest, which always has its Anecdote. Anold alderman, after having influence. Few are aware of the extent to lived for fifty years on the fat of the land, and which the voice is capable of being cultivat- losing his great toe with a mortification, ined; and hence, we should beware of setting sisted, to his dying day, that lie owed it to two limits to it.

grapes, which he ate one day, after dinner ; If every one's internal care

he said, he felt them lie cold at his stomach Were written on his brow,

the moment they were eaten. How many would our pity share

Education. The time, which we usually Who raise our envy now!

bestow on the instruction of our children-in The fatal secret. when revealed,

principles, the reasons of which they do not Of every aching breast,

understand, is worse than lost ; it is teaching Would fully prove, that while concealed,

them to resign their faculties to authority; it Their lot appears the best.

is improving their memories, instead of their How calm, how beautiful, comes on .

understandings; it is giving them credulity The stilly hours, when storms are gone;

instead of knowledge, and it is preparing When warring winds have died away, And clouds, beneath the glancing ray,

them for any kind of slavery which can be Melt oil, and leave the land and sea,

imposed on them. Whereas, if we assisted Sleeping-in bright tranquillity.

them in making experiments on themselves, 104. To acquire the ability to change, at induced them to attend to the consequence of will, your pitch of voice, so as to be able every action, to adjust their little deviations, 10 adapt the manner to the matter, prac- and fairly and freely to exercise their powers, .ice throwing the voice on different pitches, they would collect facts which nothing could varying from one to five, five to eight, controvert. These facts they would deposit eight to one, and in other ways; also, recite in their memories, as secure and eternal treasuch pieces as have a number and variety of sures; they would be materials for reflectim, speakers, as found in dialogues; and imitate and, in time, be formed into principles of cono the voice and manner of euch, as far as pos- could remove. This would be a method of

duct, which no circumstances or temptations sible. But remember, no one can accomplish much, without committing the examples to forming a man, who would answer the end memory; thus, after long practice in this of his being, and make himself and others way, you may make the book talk and speak.

happy. All developments are from within-out, not Varlettes. 1. Did not the Greek philosofrom without-in.

phy--corrupt the simplicity of the christian Miscellaneous. 1. Two things are in- religion? 2. There are two sorts of popular cumbent on the historian; to avoid stating corruption; one, when the people do not obwhat is false, and fully and fairly to place be- serve the laws; the other, when they are fore us the truth. 2. One of the greatest blun- corrupted by the laws. 3. Cesar--added the ders an orator can commit is, to deviate into punishment of confiscation, for this reason ; abstruse expressions, and out of the beaten lest the rich, by preserving their estates, should track. 3. Man—was created for a state of become bolder in the perpetration of crime. order, and he was in order, till he fell, or be- 4. No localities can bound the dominion, or came depraved; or, what is the same thing, the superiority of man. 5. What constitutes disordered-i. e. the reverse of order. 4. Man a church? Divine goodness and truth, con. is in order, wher, he acts from supreme love joined by love, and exemplified in the life. to the Lord, and charity towards his neigh. 6. Madame de Stael's idea, that architecture zor, in obedience to the Divine Will; but he is like frozen music, must have been sug. is depraved, and disordered, in the degree he gested on a cold day. 7. We are often made acts from the love of self, and the love of the to feel, that there is another youth and age world. 5. No man is compelled to evil; his than that which is measured from the year of consent only makes it his.

our natural birth; some thoughts always A dia.nond,

find us young, and keep us so; such a Tho' set ia horn, is still a diamond, thought is the love of the Universal and Eter. Anieparkles—as in purest gold.

nal Beauty.

405. STILE-comprehends all the princi-| Proverbs. 1. A good word for a bad one-18 ples of elocution, and denotes the manner in worth much, and costs title. 2. - He, who knows which different kinds of composition should not when to be silent, knows not when to spenk. be read, or spoken: of course, there are as 3. Oppression-causes rebellion. 4. Where conmany kinds of style, as there are of compo- uent is, there is a feast. 5. The drunkard continu. sition; and unless a person has command of ally assaults his own life. 6. Show me a liar,

ipe body and mind, he cannot harmonize his and I will show you a thief. 7. That which manner and matter. If in writing, style,

one man, may hinder anoinet. 8. A good educa

tion is the foundation of happiness. 9. Most sollier means proper words, in proper places; in

owe their origin to self-love. 10. No tree--lakes so speaking, it must signify, proper sounds in deep a root as prejudice. 11. Inform yourself, and proper places.' Ex.

instruct others. 12. Trun-s the only bond of What is wit? a meteor, bright and rare,

friendship. Th't comes and goes, we know not whence, or where;

Learning. We have been often told, that A brilliant nothing--out of something wrought,

a little learning is a dangerous thing," and A mental vacuum-by condensing thought.

we may be just as well assured, that a little O the eye's eloquence,

bread is not the safest of all things; it would (Twin-born with thought,) outstrips the tardy roice ; be far better to have plenty of both : but the Far srifter than the nimble lightning's flash,

sophism-of those who use this argument, is, The sluggish thunder-peal, that follows it.

that they represent the choice between little True courage—but from opposition grows,

and much; whereas our election must be And what are fifty-what-a thousand slaves,

made between little and none at all; if the Matched to tho sinew-of a single arm,

choice is to be between a small portion or That strikes for LIBERTY?

information, or of food, and absolute igno. 406. What causeth the earth to bring forth and yield her increase? Is it not the light decision in the homely proverb " half a loni

rance, or starvation, common sense gives it and heat of the sun, that unlocks her native

is better than no bread." energies and gives them their power? In an analogous manner should the light of the

Varieties. 1. The best and surest course thought, and the heat of its accompanying is-never to have recourse to deception, bui affection, act upon the mind, which will com- prove ourselves, in every circumstance of lite, municate the influence received to the whole equally upright and sincere. 2. The most vody, and the body to the voice and actions. consummate hypocrite-cannot, at all times This is what is meant by imbibing the au- conceal the workings of his mind. 3. When thor's feelings, and bringing before you all

we employ money to good purposes, it is the circumstances, and plunging amid the great blessing ; but when we use it for el: living scenes, and feeling that whatever you

and wicked ends, or become so deroted to ni describe, is actually present, and passing be- as to endeavor to acquire it by dishones. fore your mind.

means, it is a great curse. 4. None are so 407. Lyceums and Debating societies, are keep them: such persons covet them, as

fond of secrets, as those who do not mean to admirable associations for the improvement spendthrifts do mony, for the purpose of cir of mind, and cultivation of talent, for pub- culation. 5. Burke-called the French rer. lic or private speaking. Franklin and Roolutionists, “ the ablest architects of ruin, ger Sherman, (the one a printer, and the oth-that the world ever saw.” 6. Trifles—always er a shoe-maker,) rose from obscurity to great require exuberance of ornament ; the build. eminence

, and usefulness, by their own ef- ing that has no strength, can be valued only furts: so may we, by using the proper for the grace of its decoratims. 7. We can. means. It was in a debating society, that not part with our heart-friends: we cannot Lord Brougham first displayed his superior

let our angels go. talents and unrivaled eloquence; and there, also, HENRY CLAY, the greatest American Nor fame I slighi, nor for her favors call; oritor, commenced his brilliant career. A She comes unlook'd for, if she comes at al. word to those who would be wise is enough. But, if the purchase cost so dear a price, Anecdote. An appropriate Sign. A man

As soothing folly, or exalting rue ; who had established a tippling-house, being and follow stil! where fortune leads the way;

And if the muse---must flatter lawiese sway, about to erect his sign, requested his neigh. Or, if no basis—hear my rising name, bor's advice—what inscription to put upon But the fall'n ruins of another's fame ; it. His friend replied, “I advise you to write Then, tench me, heaven, to scorn the guilty baye. on it-Drunkards and Beggars made here." Drive from my breast that wretched lust of praise. Honoris-a sacred tie, the law of kings,

Unblemish'd let me live, or die-unknown: The noble mind's—distinguishing perfection, O, granı me honest fame, or grant me nom. That auls and strengthens virtue, when it meets her,

'Tis sweet bear And imitates her actions, where she is not: The song and oar—of Adria's gondolico li ought no lo he sported with

(By distance mellowed,) o'er the water sweep.

40s. Public speakers ought to live longer, and enjoy better health, than other persons; and if they conform to the principles here taught, and the laws of life and health generally, this will be the result. Pulmonary diseases may be thrown off by these exercises; the author being a living witness, having been given over at three different times with consumption. The celebrated Cuvier and Dr. Brown, the metaphysician, and many others that might be mentioned, are also witnesses of this truth. One reason is, that natural speaking induces one to use a very large quantity of air, whereby the capacity of the lungs is much enlarged, the quantity of air increased, and the blood more perfectly purified; the use of the whole body insures a free circulation, and, of course, contributes to universal health. Think'st thou—there are no serpents in the world, But those, which slide along the grassy sod, And sting the luckless foot, that presses them? There are, who, in the path of social life, Do bask their spotted skins, in fortune's sun, And sting the soul, aye, till its healthful frame Is changed to secret, festering, sore disease; So deadly—is its wound. The brave, ’tis sure, do never shun the light; Just are their thoughts, and open are their tempers; Still are they found—in the fair face of day, And heaven, and men—are judges of their actions.

409. DISEASEs of the THROAT—are connected, particularly, with those parts of the body, which are involved in breathing, and relate to the understanding, or reasoning faculties of the mind: thus, thinking and breathing are inseparably connected together; as are feeling and acting ; hence, the predominance of thought, in the exercise of the voice, or in any kind of action, and zeal without knowledge, tend directly to such perversions of mind and body, as induce, not only diseases of the throat, but even pulmonary diseases: if then, we will to be free, in any respect, we must return to truth and nature; for they will guide the obedient in the right way. Miscellaneous. 1. Whatever one possesses, becomes doubly valuable, by having the happiness of dividing it with a friend. 2. He who loves riches more than his friend, does not deserve to be loved. 3. He who would pass the latter part of his life with honor, and usefulness, must, when he is woung, consider that he shall one day be old; and when he is old, remember that he has once been young. 4. The rolling planets, and the glorious sun, Still keen that order, which they first begun, But wretched man, alone, has gone astray, Swerved from his God, and walks another way. 5. The old— live in the past, as the young do—in the future. 6. Fix upon a high standard of character: to be thought well of is not sufficient:

the point you are to aim at, is, the Areatest possible degree of usefulness. 7. He who only aims at little, will accomplish but little. Anecdote. A silly, but very pretty woman, complained to the celebrated and beautiful Sophia Arnold, of the number of her admirers, and wished to know how she should get rid of them. “Oh, my dear,” (was the satiric reply,) “it is very easy for you to do it: you have only to speak.” Proverbs. 1. Those, who possess any real excellence, think and say, the least about it. 2 The active only, have the true relish of life. 3. Many there are, who are everything by turris, and nothing—long. 4. To treat trifles—as matters of importance, is to show our own unimportance. 5. Grief, cherished unseen, is genuine; while that, which has witnesses, may be affected. 6. Error— does not so often arise from our ignorance of the truth, as an unwillingness to receive it. 7. Some— mistake the love—for the practice of virtue, and are not so much good themselves, as they are the friends of goodness. 8. To love any one, and not do him good, when there is ability and opportunity, is a contradiction. 9. Pity—will always be his portion in adversity, who acted with kindness in prosperity. 10. The best mode of proving any science, is by exhibiting it. A Good Example. Mr. Clay, in a debate upon the Loan Bill, remarked, that, for twenty or thirty years, neither he nor his wife, had owed any man a dollar. Both of them, many years gone by, had come to the conclusion, that the best principle of economy was this, “never to go in debt. To undulge your wants when you were able to do so, and to repress them when you are not able to indulge them.” The example is not only an excellent one for itself, but comes from a high source. To repress a want—is one of the wisest, safest, and most necessary principles of political economy. It prevents, not only the dangerous practice of living beyond our means, but encourages the safe precedent of living within them. If all who could, would live within their means, the world would be much happier and much better than it is. Henry Clay and his noble housewife—give us an example worthy of all imitation. Varieties. 1. Is pride—a mark of talent? 2. Byron says, of Jack Bunting, “He knew not what to do, and so he swore:” so we may say of many a one's preposterous use of books —He knew not what to do, and so he read. Wit's—a feather—Pope nas said, And ladies—do not doubt it: For those, who’ve least—within the head, Display the most—about it. They sin, who tell us love can die; Its holy flame forever bu- "eth; From heaven it came, to heaven returneth. Forgiveness—to the injured does belong; But they ne'er pardon, who have done the wrong. Be thou as chaste as ice, as pure as snow, N2 Thou shalt not escape calumny.

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