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41 ), DELIVERY — addresses itself to the Proverbs. 1. Constant accupation-shuts mind rough two mediums, the eye and the out comptation. 2. A flatterer—is a most danger ear: hence, it naturally divides itself into ous enemy. 3. Unless we aim at perfection, we two parts, voice and gesture; both of which shall never attain it. 4. They who love the long must be sedulously cultivated, under the est, love the best. 5. Pleasure—is not the rule for guidance of proper feeling and correct rest, but for health. 6. The President is but the thought. That style is the best, which is the head-servant of the people. 7. Knowledge—is not most transparent; hence the grand aim of truly ours, till we have given it away. &. Our
debts, and our sins, are generally greater thar we the elocutionist should be perfect transparency; and when this part is attained, he suppose. 9. Some folks are like snakes in die
grass. 10. He-injuries the good, who spares the will be listened to with pleasure, be perfectly bad. 11. Beauty will neither feed or clothe us. understood, and do justice to his subject, 12. Woman's work is never done. his powers, and his audience.
Anecdote. What for? After the close 411. Young GENTLEMEN,—(said Wil- of the Revolutionary war, the king of Great liam Wirt,) you do not, I hope, expect from Britain--ordered a thanksgiving to be kept me, an oration for displuy. At my time of throughout the kingdom. A minister of the life, and worn down, as I am, by the toils of gospel inquired of him, “For what are we a laborious profession, you can no longer to give thanks that your majesty has lost look for the spirit and buoyancy of youth. thirteen of your best provinces?” The king Spring—is the season for flowers ; but kam answered, "No." "Is it then, that your main the autumn of life, and you will, I hope, jesty has lost one hundred thousand lives of accept from me, the fruits of my EXPERI- your best subjects.?” “No, no.!' said the ENCE, in lieu of the more showy, but less king. “Is it then, that we have expended, and substantial blossoms of Spring. I could lost, a hundred millions of money, and for not have been tempted hither, for the pues the defeat and tarnishing of your majesty's rile purpose of DisPLAY. My visit has a arms ?” “No such thing,"—said the king much graver motive and olject. It is the pleasantly. “What then, is the object of the hope of making some suggestions, that may thanksgiving?" “Oh, give thanks that it is be serviceable in the journey of life, that is
no worse.” before you ; of calling into action some dor
Varieties. 1. Who does not see, in Ce. mant energy; of pointing your exertions to sar's Commentaries, the radical elements of some attainable end of practical utility ; in the present French character ? 2. “ A man," short, the hope of contributing, in some says Oliver Cromwell,“ never rises so high small degree, towards making you happier as when he knows not whither he is going." in yourselves, and more useful to your 3. The virtue, that vain persons affect to desCountry.
pise, might have saved them; while the beaut912. The conversational-must be deliv- ty, they so highly prized, is the cause of their ered in the most natural, easy, familiar, dis- ruin. 4. He, who flatters, without designtinct, and agreeable manner; the narrative ing to benefit by it, is a fool ; and whoever and didactive, with a clear and distinct artic- encourages that flattery, that has sense ulation, correct emphusis, proper inflections, enough to see through, is a vain coxcomb. 5. and appropriate modulations ; because, it is the business of the teacher—is not so much not so much your object to excite the affec- to communicate knowledge to the pupil, as tions, as to inform the understanding : the to set him to thinking, and show him how argumentative, and reásoning, demand great to educate himself ; that is, he must rather deliberation, slowness, distinctness, frequent teach him the way to the fountain, than car. pauses, candor, strong emphasis and occa
ry him to the water. 6. Many buy cheap, sionál vehemence. No one can become a and sell dear ; i. e. make as good bargains as good reader and speaker, without much prac- they can; which is a trial of skill, between tice and many failures.
two knaves, to see which shall overreach the Ploneers. The“ eccentric” man-is gen- other ; but honest men set their price and erally the pioneer of mankind, cutting his adhere to it. 7. If you put a chain mund way the first-into the gloomy depths of un- the neck of a slave, the other end fastens it explored science, con coming difficulties, that
self around your own. would check meaner spirits, and then--hold
Would you then learn to dissipate the band ing up the light of his knowledge-to guide
Of these huge threatening iculties dire, thousands, who, but for him, would be wan. That, in the weak man's way—like lions stand, dering about in all the uncertainty of igno
His soul appal, and damp his rising fire ? rance, or be held ir ne fetters of some self
Resolve, resolve, and to be mon aspiie. ish policy, which they had not, of themselves Exer that noblest privilege, alone. --the energy to throw off.
Here to mankind indulged: control desire; 'Tis not in folly-not to scorn a fool,
Let godlike reason, from her sovereign throne, And scarce in human wisdom--10 do more. Speak the commanding word-I will, and it is dons
413. EARNESTNESS OF MANNER-is of Proverbs. 1. People generally love truth vital importance in sustaining a transparent more than goodness; knowledge more than holio style; and this must be imbibed internally, ness. 2. Never magnanimity--fell to the ground, and felt with all the truth and certainty of 3. He, who would gather immortal palms, must nature. By proper exercises on these prin- not be hindered by the name of goodness, but ciples, a person may acquire the power of must explore—if it be goodness. 4. No author passing, at will, from gruve to gay, and from was ever written down, by any but himself. ó
Better be a nettle in the side of your friend, than lively to serere, without confounding one with the other : there are times, however, blows on fair reputation; the corroding dew, that
his echo. 6. Surmise is the gossumer, that malice when they may be united ; as in the humor- destroys the choicest blossoms. 7. A genera vus and pathetic, together.
prostration of morals-must be the inevitable reBreathes there a man with soul so dead,
sult of the diffusion of bad principles. 8. To Who never, to himself hath said,
knou-is one thing; and to do—is another. 9. “ This-is my own, my native land ?"
Candor-lends an open ear to all men. 10. Art Whose heart-hath ne'er within him burned, -is never so beautiful, as when it reflects the As home-his footsteps he hath turned,
philosophy of religion and of man. From wandering on a foreign strand ?
We cannot honor our country-with too If such there breathe, go mark him well:
deep a reverence; we cannot love her-with For him, no minstrel raptures swell;
an affection too pure and fervent; we canIIigh tho his titles, powers, or pelf,
not serve her-with an energy of purpose, or The idretch-concentred all in self,
a faithfulness of zeal--too steadfast and arLiving--shall forfeit fair renown,
dent. And what is our country? It is not And, doubly dying, sball go down To the vile dust, from whence he sprung,
the East, with her hills and her valleys, with Unreped, unhonored, and unsung.
her countless sails, and the rocky ramparts 414. The following are the terms usually thousand villages, and her harvest-home, with
of her shores. It is not the North, with her applied to style, in writing, and also in speak- her frontiers of the lake, and the ocean. It is ing; each of which has its distinctive characteristics; though all of them have something inland isles, with her luxuriant expunses,
not the West, with her forest-sea, and her in common. Bombastic, dry, elegant, epis- clothed in the verdant corn ; with her beautitolary, flowing, harsh, laconic, lfly, loose, ful Ohio, and her majestic Missouri
. Nor is terse, tumill, verbose. There are also styles of occasim, time, place, &c.: such as the it yet the South, opulent in the mimic snow style of the bar, of the legislature, and of the of the cotton, in the rich plantations of the pulpit ; also the dramatic style, comedy, rustling cane, and in the golden robes of the
rice-field. What are these, but the sister (high and low,) farce and trugedy.
families of one greater, better, holier family, Illiterate and selfish people, are often op- OUR COUNTRY? posed to persons traveling through the country, to lecture on any subject whatever; and
Give thy thoughts no tongue, especially, on such as the grumblers are ig- Nor any unproporiosed thought his act. norant of. But are not books and newspa- Be thou familiar; but by no means vuigar. pers, itinerants too? In olden time, the wor- The friends thou hast, and their adoption tried, s) ipers of the goddess Diana, were violently Grapple them to thy soul, with hooks of steel ; opposed to the Apostles ; because, thro' their But do not dull thy palm-with entertainment preaching of the cross, their craft was in of ev'ry new hatch'd, unfledg'd comrade. Beware ilanger. The liberally educated, and those of entrance into quarrel ! bui, being in, who are in favor of a universal spread of Bear it, that the opposer--may beware of thee. knowledge, are ready to bid them “God Give every man thine ear, but few thy voice, [menu speed,” if they and their subject are praise- Take each man's censure, but reserve thy judg. Worthy.
Costly thy habit-as thy purse can buy, Anecdote. A Kingly Dinner in Nature's For the apparelmont proclains the man.
But not expressed in fancy; rich, not goudy. Palace. Cyrus, king of Persia, was to dine Neither a borrower, norą lender be ; with one of his friends; and, on being asked for loan-oft loses both itself and friend, to name the place, and the viands with which And borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry. he would have his table spread, he replied, This above all-to thine own self be true, "Prepare the banquet at the side of the river, and it must follow, as the night the day. and let one loaf of bread be the only dish.” Thou canst not, then-be false to any man. Bright, as the pillar, rose at Hearen's command: Dare to be true-nothing-can need a lie; When Israel-marched along the desert land,
The fault that needs it-grows two-thereby. Blazed through the night-on lonely wilds afar, What do you think of marriage ? And told the path,-a nuver-setting star;
I take it, as those that deny purgatory ; čo, heavenly Genius, in thy course divine,
It locally contains or heaven or kell ; Hope-is thy star, her light-is cver thine.
There is no third place in it.
413. Beware of a slavish attention to Laconics. 1. Gou has given us vocal prgan: rules; for nothing should supercede Nature, and reason to use them. 2. True gesture—is the who knows more than Art; therefore, let her language of nature, and makes its way to the stand in the foreground, with art for her heart, without the utterance of a single word. 3. servant. Emotion-is the soul of oratory : Coarseness and vulgarity-are the effects of a bad one flash of passion on the cheek, one beam education; they cannot be chargeable to nature. of feeling from the eye, one thrilling note of 4. Close observation, and an extensive knowledge sensibility from the tongue, one stroke of of human nature alone, will enable one to adapi hearty emphasis from the arm, have infinite himself to all sorts of character. 5. Paintingly more value, than all the rhetorical rules describes what the object is in itself : pretty-what and flourishes of ancient or modern times. it inspires or suggests : one—represents tho risible,
The great rule is—BE IN EARNEST. This is the other-both the risible and the invisible. 6. what Demosthenes more than intimated, in It is uncandid self-will, that condemns without a lirice declaring, that the most important hearing. 7. The mind—wills to be free; and we uring in eloquence, was action. There will signs of the times-proclaim the approach of its be no execution without fire.
restoration. Whoever thinks, must see, that man—was made Woman. The right education of this sex To face the storm, not languish in the shade; is of the utmost importance to human life. Action-his sphere, and, for that sphere designed, There is nothing, that is more desirable for Eterual pleasures--open on his mind.
the common good of all the world; since, as For this--fair hope--leads on th' impassioned soul, they are mothers and mistresses of families, Through life's wild labyrinth-to her distant goal: they have for some time the care of the edPaints, in each dream, to fan the genial flame,
ucation of their children of both sorts; they The pomp of riches, and the pride of fame; are intrusted with that, which is of the Or, fondly gives reflection's cooler eye,
greatest consequence to human life. As the A glance, an image, of a future sky.
health and strength, or weakness of our bodies, Notes. The standard for propriety, and force, in public is very much owing to their methods of speaking is—to speak just as one would naturally express himself treating us when we were young; 80-the in earnest conversation in private company. Such should we all soundness or folly of our minds is not less do, il left to ourselves, and early pains were not taken to substitute owing to their first tempers and ways of an artificial method, for that which is natural. Beware of im- thinking, which we eagerly received from agining that you must read in a different way, with different tores the love, tenderness, authority, and constant and cadences, from that of common speaking.
conversation of our mothers. As we call our Anecdote. The severity of the laws of first language our mother-tongue, sowe Draco, is proverbial; he punished all sorts may as justly call our first tempers our moth, of crime, and even idleness, with death: er-iempers; and perhaps it may be found hence, De-ma-des said — " He writes his more easy to forget the language, than to laws, not with ink—but with blood." On part entirely with those tempers we learned being asked why he did so, he replied, that in the nursery. It is, therefore, to be la. the smallest crime deserved death, and that mented, that the ser, on whom so much de. there was not a greater punishment he could pends, who have the first forming both of find out, for greater crimes.
our bodies and our minds, are not only edu. Miscellaneous. 1. Envy—is the daugh. cated in pride, but in the silliest and most ter of pride, the author of revenge and mur. contemptible part of it. Girls are indulged -ler, the beginning of secret sedition and the in great vanity; and mankind seem to con. perpetual tormentor of virtue; it is the filthy sider them in no other view than as so many slime of the soul, a venom, a poison, that painted idols, who are to allure and gratify consumeth the flesh, and drieth up the mar their passions. row of the bones. 2. What a pity it is, that Varieties. 1. Was England - justified there are so many quarler and half men and in her late warlike proceeding against Chiwomen, who can take delight in gossip, be- na? 2. Fit language there is none, for the cause they are not great enough for any heart's deepest things. 3. The honor of a thing else.
maid-is her name; and no legacy is so rich Were I so talimas to reach the pole, as honesty. 4. O, how bitter a thing is isAnd grasp the ocean-with a span, to look into happiness-thro' another's eyes I would be measured-by my soul,
Ungrateful man, with liquorish draughts, The mind's—the standard of the man. And morsels unctuous, greases his pure rrini 4. What is the difference between loving That from it-all consideration slips. the minds, and the persons of our friends ?
To persist 5. How different is the affection, the thought, In doing wrong, extenuates not wrong, action, form and manners of the male, from But makes it much more heavy. the affection, thought, action, form and man
He cannot be a perfect man, ners of the female.
Not being tried or tutored in the world :
Experience is by industry achieved,
And perfected by the swift course of time
A confused report-passed thro' my ears,
But, full of hurry, like a morning dream,
It vanished in the business of the day.
416. THE DECLAMATORY AND HORTA Proverbs. 1. The more.-womon kok into Tory-indicate a deep interest for the per- their glasses, the less—they attend to the r houses sons addressed, a horror of the evil they are 2. Works, and not words, are the proof of love. 3. entreated to avoid, and an exalted estimate There is no better looking-glass, thar a true friend, of the good, they are exhorted to pursue.
4. When we obey our superiors, we instruct our The exhibition of the strongest feeling, re- inferiors. 5. There is more trouble in having noquires such a degree of self-control, as, in the thing to do, than in having much to do. 6. The
best throw of the dice-is to throw the:n away. 7. very torrent, tempest and whirlwind of pas- Virtue, that parleys, is near the surrender. 8. The sion, possesses a temperance to give it
spirit of truth-dwelleth in meekness. 9. Resist a smoothness. The DRAMATIC — sometimes
temptation, till you conquer it. 10. Plain dealing calls for the exercise of all the vocal and is a jewei. mental powers: hence, one must consider
Anecdote. Faithful unto Death. When the character represented, the circumstances the venerable Polycarp - was tempted by under which he acted, the state of feeling he Herod, the proconsul, to deny, and blaspheme possessed, and every thing pertaining to the the LORD Jesus Christ, he answered,ecene with which he was connected. “Eighty and six years—have I served my
417. Rolla's ADDRESS TO THE PERU- Lord and SAVIOR,—and in all that timevians. My brave associates-partners of he never did me any injury, but always my tóil, my feelings, and my fáme! Can good; and therefore, I cannot, in conscience, Rolla's words-add vigor—to the virtuous reproach my King and my REDEEMER.” energies, which inspire your hearts? No;
A Wife; not an Artist. When a man you have judged as I have, the foulness of of sense comes to marry, it is a companion he the crafty plea, by which these bold invaders wants, and not an artist. It is not merely a would delude you. Your generous spirit creature who can paint, and play, and sing, has compared, as mine has, the motives, and dance. It is a being who can comfort which, in a war like this, can animate their and counsel him; one who can reason and minds and ours. They, by a strange frenzy reflect, and feel and judge, and discourse and driven, fight for pinver, for plunder, and ex-discriminate; one who can assist him in his tended rule; we, for our country, our altars, affairs, lighten his sorrows, purify his joys, and our homes. They-follow an adventur- strengthen his principles and educate his childer, whom they fear, and obey a power, which ren. Such is the woman who is fit for a mothey hate; we-serve a monarch whom we ther, and the mistress of a family. A woman love,-a God, whom we adore. Whene'er of the former description may occasionally they move in anger, desolation-tracks their figure in a drawing-room, and excite the adprogress! Whene'er they pause in amity, miration of the company; but is entirely affliction—mourns their friendship. They unfit for a helpmate to man, and to train up boast, they come but to improve our state,' a child in the way he should go. enlarge our thoughts, and free us from the
Varietles. 1. He, who is cautious and yoke of error! Yes—they will give enlight- prudent, is generally secure from many dan. ened freedom to our minds, who are them
gers, to which many others are exposed. 2 sclves the slaves of passion, avarice, and pride. A fool may ask more questions in an hour. They offer us their protection. Yes, such than a wise man may answer in seven years protection-as vultures-give to lambs-3. The manner in which words are delivered covering, and devouring them. They call contribute mainly to the effects they are to on us to barter all of good, we have inherited produce, and the importance which is attach. and proved, for the desperate chance of some-ed to them. 4. Shall this greatest of free nathing better, which they promise. Be our tions be the best? 5. One of the greatest plain answer this: The throne—ue honor obstacles to knowledge and excellence, is in—is the people's choice ; the laws we rever- dolence. 6. One hour's sleep hefore midnight, ence—are our brave fathers' legacy; the faith is worth two afterward. 7. Science, or learn. we follow-teaches us to live in bonds of cha- ing, is of little use, unless guided by good rity with all mankind, and die— with hope sense. of bliss—beyond the grave. Tell your in Men-se a different speech-in different climas, vaders this, and tell them too, we seek no
Her wandering moon, ber stars, her golden sun,
In one decp song proclaim the wondrous story
Upon the winds they send it-sounding high,
Jehovah's wisdom, goodness, power, and glory.
that bring despair,
Ah! why, when heaven-and carth-lift up their voice Prelu le of hormat, anguish, and dismay!
Ah! why should man alone, na: worship, nor i cloicca
But Nature hath me voice, and only one.
Her woods and waters, in all lands and times,
I bear it come from mountain, cliff, and then
418. Tlie merging of the Diatonic Scale Laconics. 1. Any vic'ation of law is a in the Musical Staf, as some have done in breach of morality. 2. Music, in all its variety, clocution, is evidently incorrect; for then, the is essentially one: and so is speech, tho' infinitely exact pitch of voice is fixed, and all must diversified. 3. Literary people—are often unpleas take that pitch, whether it be in accordance ant companlons in mixed society; because they with the voice, or not. But in the simple di- have not always the power of adapting thematonic scale, as here presented, each one foreign words into our language, when we have
selves to others. 4. It is pedantry-10 introduce takes his lowest natural note for his tonic, or
pure English words to express all that the exotics key-not?, and then, passes to the medium contain; with the advantage of being intelligible range of pitches. Different voices are often
to every one. 5. Whatever is merely arnicial, is keyed on different pitches; and to bring unnatural; which is opposed to general eloquence. 'hem all to the same pitch, is as arbitrary as 6. There can be no great adrances made, in genProcruste's bedstead, according to Hudribras: uine scientific truth, without well regulated affec"This iron bedstead, they do fetch,
tions. 7. We can be almost anything we choose; To try our hopes upon;
if we will a thing to be done, no matter how high If we're too short, we must be stretchd,
the aim, success is nearly certain. C# off-if we're too long."
Anger. Of all passions—there is not one Beware of all racks; be natural, or nothing.
so extravagant and outrageous as this; other What the weais head with strongest bias rules. passions solicit and mislead us: but this Is (6) PRIDE ; the never-failing vice of fools.
runs away with us by force, hurries us as A soul, without reflection, like a pile,
well to our own, as to another's ruin: it often Without inhabitant-lo ruin runs.
the wrong person, and discharges !Vieis fine language-to adrantage dressed;
its wrath on the innocent instead of the guil Better often thought, bar ne'er so well expressed. ty, It'spares neither friend nor fue ; but tears Our needful knowledge, like our needful food,
all to pieces, and casts human nature into a Unhedged, lies open-in life's common field,
perpetual warfare. And bids all welcome-to the vital feasi.
All the world's-a stage, Let sense--be ever in your riew;
And all the men and women-merely players : Nothing is lovely, that is not true.
They have their exits, and their entrances; 419. SUGGESTions. Let the pupils me- And one man, in his time, plays many parls, morize any of the proverhe, laconics, max. His acts-being seven ages. At first, the infant, ims, or questions, and recite them on occa- Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms; sions like the following: when they first as- And then, the whining school-boy, with his satchel, semble in the school-room; or, meet together And shining morning face, creeping like snail, in a social circle: let them also carry on a Unwilingly, to school. And then, the lover; kind of conversation, or dialogue with them, Sighing like a furnace, with a woeful ballad and each strive to get one appropriate to the Made to his mistress' eyebrow : Then, a soldier, supposed state, character, &c. of another: or Full of strange oaths, and bearded like the parch use them in a variety of ways, that their in- Jealous in honor, sudden and quick in quarre, genuity may suggest.
Seeking the bubble reputation
Even in the tannon's mouth: And then the justice ; Pride. There is no passion so universal, In fair round belly, with good capon lined, or that steals into the heart more impercejn With eyes severe, and beard of formal cut, libly, and covers itself under more disgui- Full of wise saws and modern instances, ses, than pride; and yet, there is not a sin- And so he plays his part: The sixth age-shifts gle view of human nature, which is not suf- Into ine lean and slipper'd panlaloon; ficient 10 extinguish in us all the secret With spectacles on nose, avd pouch on sudi; kitods of pride and sink the conscious soul- His youthful hose, well saved, a world 100 roide to the lowest .epths of humility.
For his shrunk shank; and his big manly vcics, while congress was sitting in Philadelphia, That ends this strange eventful history, Anecdote. Sterling Integrity. In 1778, Turning again toward childish treble—pipes,
And whistles in his sound: Lasi scene of aü, frequent attempts were made, by the British Is second childishness, and mere oblivion ; officers, and agents, to bribe several of the Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, suns everything. members. Governor Johnstone-authorized the following proposal, to be made to Col. Softens the high, and rears the abject mind;
Charity, decent, modest, easy, kind, Joseph Reed: “That if he would engage bis Knows, with just reins, and gentle hand, to guide interest to promote the objects of the British, Betwist vile shame and arbitrary pride. he should receive THIRTY THOUSAND DOL- Not soon provoked, she easily forgives; Lars, and any othice in the colonies, in his And much-she suffers, as she much-believs. majesty's gift. Col. Reer-indignantly re- Soft peace she brings, wherever she arrives ; plied, "I am not worth purchasing; but she builds our quiet, as she torins our lives; such as I am, the king of Great Britain is Lays the rough pathis-of peevislı nature even not rich enough to buy me."
And opens, in each heart, a little hearen.