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456. Tue l'assionS AND Actions. The Laconics. 1. All men, pos se seed of maced numan mind we contemplate under two power, are upright and honest: craft is but the grand divisions, called Will and Understand-substitute of power. 2. To answer wit by reason, ing: the former is the receptacle, or conti- is like trying to hold an eel by the rail 3. Frenent, of our passions, emotions, uffections ; quent intercourse often forms such a similarity, the latter-of our thoughts. To attend to that we not only assure a mental likeness, but the workings of mind, to trace the power

contract some resemblance in voice and features. that external objects have over it, to discern 4. The more ideas included in our own words, and

the more cases an axiom is applied to, the moro the nature of the emotions and affections, and to comprehend the reasons of their be extensive and powerful will they be. 5. The iming affected in a particular manner, must have provement of the internal, will also be the im

provement of the external. 6. A little vice often a direct intluence on our pursuits, character deforms the whole countenance; as one singlc and happiness, as privaie citizens, and as false trait in a portrait, makes the whole a carripublic speakers.

7. The noblest talents may rust in indoWhat noilung earthly gires, or can destroy, kence; and the most moderate, by industry, may be The soul's calm sunshine, and the heartfelt joy, astonishingly improved. I VIRTUE's prize.

Anecdote. A Good Hint. A clergyman 1:1 faith, and hope, the world will disagree; and Garrick the tragedian, were spending Bui all mankind's concern-is charity.

an evening together; and among other top lle gave to mercy-all he had, a tear ; (friend. ics of conversation, that of delivery was inHe gained from heaven, ('twas all he wished,) a troduced. The man of the pulpit asked GarIn the faithful husbandman-you see,

rick, “Why is it, you are able to produce so What all-true christians-ought to be.

much more effect, with the recital of your fic. Speak of me, as I am : nothing extenuale, tions, than we do, by the delivery of the Nor set down aughi- malice.

most important truths ?" The man of the Honor, and shame, from no condition rise ; stage replied—"My Lord, you speak truth, Act well your part, there all the honor lies.. as if they were fictions ; we speak fictions,

457. An accurate analysis of the passions as if they were truths.and affections is, to the moralist, as well as Action. To do an ill action is base ; to the student in elocution, what the science of do a good one, which involves you in no dan. anatomy, and physiology is to the physi-ger, is nothing more than common; but it is cian and surgeon: it constitutes the first the property of a truly good man, to do great principles of rational practice for both; it is, and good things, though he risk everything in a moral view, the anatomy of the heart ; by it. discloses why and how it beats; indicates Varieties. 1. The coin, that is most cur. appearunces in a sound and healthy state, rent among mankind-is flattery: the only and detects diseases, with their causes, and benefit of which is, that by hearing what we is much more fortunate in applying remedies. are not, we may be instructed what we ought

Stages of Progress. Useful discoveries to be. 2. Bring the entire powers of your and improvements generally have four distinct mind, to bear on whatever study you under. stages in their progress to universality. The first take, with a singleness of purpose, and you 19, when the theory is pronounced false, contrary to will not fail of success. 3. The predomiexperience, absurd and unworthy of the attention nance of a favorite study, affects all the subof sensible men. The second is, when they are ordinate purposes of the intellect. 4. Ver claimed as having been known before; thus, de- not thy heart, in seeking-what were far betpriving the medium-of all credit for more indus- ter unfound. 5. In reference to certaiu prin iry. discrimination and originality, than others. ciples and persons, unstable people cry out, The third is, when they are denounced as perilous innovations, endangering the religion and morals “cruciar! CRUCIFT!” 6. Lucury is an

" - but afterwards,

at first, “ALL HAIL, of society. The fourth is, when they are receiv: enticing pleasure, which hath honey in her ed as established truths by every body; the only wonder being, that they should ever have been mouth, but gall in her heart, and a sting in douled, they are in such perfect harmony with her embrace. 7. Let your rule of action be, bit laws of the universe.

to perform, faithfully, and without solicitude,

the duty of the present hour; let the future The meek-ey'd morn appears, mother of deros, At first, faint glimmering-in the dappled eart;

take care of itself. Till far o'er ether-spreads the widning gloro;

Troo truks are onts, to-know and understand, And, from before the lustre of her face,

Evil, and good, and dame their various band; White break the clouds away. With quicken'd step,

But worthiar far, with cheerful will, to choose Brown night-retires; young day pouns in apace,

Whate'er is good, and all the ill-refrose And opes all the lawny prospect wide.

Why all this toil--for triumphs of an how? The dripping rock, the mount sin's misty top,

What though we wade in wealth, or ear in fama l Gwell on the sight, and brighten-with the down.

Earth's highest station ends in-" Here be less
If, on a sudden, he begins to rise,

And-dust-to dust"-concludes ber noblest song
No ran tho! lives can count his enemies. Virtue itself, 'scapes no: calumn.cus s:rokes

458. The PAssions. There are three things involved in the exhibition of the passions; viz. the tones of the soice, the appearance of the countenance, and rhetorical action; the first is addressed to the ear only, the latter to the eye. Here, then, is another language to learn, after the pupil has learned Jhe written, and the vocal languages: however, the language of the passions may be said to be written—by the hand of Nature. £ontemplate the passions separately, and combined, and seek for examples to illustrate them. For praise, too dearly lored, or warmly sought, Enfeebles all internal strength of thought; And the weak, within itself unblest, Leans, for all pleasures, on another's breast. Friendship, like an evergreen, Will brave the inclement blast, And still retain the bloom of spring, When summer days—are past; And tho' the wintry sky should lower, And dim the cheerful day, She still perceives a vital power, - Unconscious—of decay. Jealousy thy own green food, Thy joy—is vengeance, death, and blood! Thy love—is wrath! thy breath—is sighs: Thy life—suspicious sacrifice! 459. TRUTH. Some men say, that “wealth is power"—and some that “talent—is power”–and some that “knowledge—is power” – and others, that “authority—is power"—but there is an apothegm, that I would place on high above them all, when I assert, that, “TRUTH-is power.” Wealth cannot purchase, talent—cannot refute, knowledge — cannot over-reach, authority cannot silence her; they all, like Felir, tremble at her presence: cast her into the sevenfold heated surnace of the tyrant's wrath—fling her into the most tremendous billows of popular commotion—she mounts aloft in the ark—upon the summit of the deluge. She is the ministering spirit, who sheds on man that bright and indestructible principle of life, which is given, by its mighty author, to illuminate and to inspire the immortal soul—and which, like himself, “is the same yesterday, to-day, and forever.” The wintry blast of death— Kills not the buds of virtue; no: they spread Beneath the heavenly beams—of brighter suns, Through endless ages—into higher powers The scale of being—is a graduated thing; And deeper.—than the vanities of power. On the vain pomp of glory—there is writ— Gradation—in its hidden characters. EPITA Ph. Here rests his head—upon the lap of earth, A youth—to fortune and to fame unknown; Fair science—frown'd not—on his humble birth, And melancholy—mark'd him for her own. A dandy—is a thing, that would Be a young lady—if he could; But... as he can’t. does all he can. To show the world—he's not a man.

The course of true love-—never did run smooth.

Maxims. 1. A well in: trurted people, only, can be a free people. 2. To ask for a loring, "viii, out labor, would be to ask for a curse, instead of a blessing. 3. No one looks after his own affairs, as well as himself. 4. Fruitless advice is like pouring water on a duck's back. 5. The more our talents are exercised. the more will they become developed. 6. Unless the laws are executed on the great, they will not be obeyed. 7. He, who toils with pain, will reap with pleasure. 8. The lorment of enty—is like :and in the eye. 9. Laziness often gives occasion to dishonesty. 10. The error of an hour—may become the sorrow of a chose life Anecdote. Father Aurius said, when Bourdaloue preached at Rouen, the tradesmen forsook their workshops, the lawyers their clients, and the physicians their sick, to hear the orator; but when I preached there, the following year, I set all things right; every man minded his own business. Luxury. When I behold a fashionable talle, set out in all its magnificence, I fancy that I see gouts and dropsies, fevers and lethargies, with other innumerable distempers, lying in ambuscade among the dishes. Nature delights in the most plain and simple diet. Every animal, but man, keeps to one dish. Herbs are the food of this species, fish of that, and flesh of a third. Man falls upon every thing that comes in his way; not the smallest fruit or ercrescence of the earth, scarce a berry or a mushroom can escape him. varieties. 1. Without exertion and diligence, success in the pursuits of life, is rarely attained. 2. It is the business of the judge to decide as to the points of law, and the duty of the jurors—to decide as to the matters of fact. 3. The essence of our liberty is—to do whatever we please, provided we do not violate any law, or injure another. 4. A handful of common sense is worth a bushel of learning. 5. Few things are more injurious to our health and constitution, than indulgence in lururies. G. Did God, after creating the universe, and putting it in motion, leave it to itself? 7. Credit—is of inestimable value, whether to a nation, or an individual. The Mi Nistry of a No her.s. And is there care in heaven? and is there love In heavenly spirits—to these creatures base, That may compassion of their evils move? [case There is ; else, much more wretched were the Of men than beasts. Hut, oh! the erreeding grace Of highest Heaven! that loves his creatures so: Anxi all his works—with mercy doth embrace, That blessed angels he sends to and fro, To serve to wicked man,—to serve his wicked foe How oft—do they their silver bowers leave, To come to succor us, that succor want! How oft—do they, with golden pinions, cleave The flitting skies, like flying pursuivant, Against soul fiends—to aid us militant! They for us fight, they watch and duly ward, And their bright squadrons round about us plant, And all for love, and nothing for reward: Oh! why should the Lord to man have such regard.


Maxims. 1. The follies we tel of others 460. Tranqui!.

are often only mirrors to reflect our own. 2 lity appears by the

Righteousness--eralteth a nation; but sin-is a open and compos

reproach to any people. 3. The best mode o. ed countenance, and a general re

dealing with a quarrelsome person, is, to keep pose of the whole

out of his way. 4. Good thought, couched in an body; mouth near

appropriate simile, is like a precious stone, set in ly closed ;. eye

gold. 5. Great minds may produce great rices, brows a litile arched; fore

as well as great virtues ; an honest man-is the head smooth; eyes

noblest work of God. 6. Nature, and natural passing with an

causes, are nothing else, than the way in wbich easy molion, from

God works. 7. 'Tis use that constitutes possesone object to

sion. 8. No sooner is a law made, than the wickanother, but not dwelling long on

ed seek to evade it. 9. One lie draws ten more any ; cast of hap

after it. 10. Idleness—buries a man alive. piness, bordering

Irresolution. In matters of great conon cheerfulness; desiting to please and be pleased ; gaity, good cern, and which must be dome, there is no bunor, when the mouth opens a little more.

surer argument-of a weak mind, than irreCHEERFULNESS IN RETIREMENT.

solution ; to be undetermined, where the Now my co-mates, and brothers in exile,

case is so plain, and the necessity so urgent.
Hath not old custom-made this life more sweet, To be always intending to live a new life,
Than that of painted pomp? Are not these woods but never to find time to set about it; this is
More free from peril, than the envious court?

as if a man should put off eating, and drink-
Here-feel we but the penalty of Adam; ing, and sleeping, from one day and night to
The season's difference; as the icy fung, another, till he is starved and destroyed.
And churlisb chiding of the winter's wind; Varieties. 1. Every evil, that we con-
Which, when it bites and blows upon my body, quer, is a benefactor to our souls. The Sand-
Ev'n till I shrink with cold, I smile and say, wich Islander believes that the strength and
This is no flattery; these are counsellors, valor of the enemy he kills, passes into him-
That feelingly persuade me what I am:
Sweet-are the uses of adversity,

self. Spiritually, it is so with us, for we That, like a load, ugly and venomous,

gain strength, from every temptation we

resist. 2. It is absurd, to think of becoming Wears yet a precious jewel in its head. And this our life, exempt from public haunts,

good, in any thing, without understanding Finds longues, in trees, books, in running Brooks, and practicing what we learn. 3. Have we Sermons in STONES, and good in everything.

life of our oum? or, are we dependent on Miscellaneous. 1. Timidityoften ob- God for it, every moment of our lives! 7. ecures the brightest powers of orators, at all the moments of our lives, produce eter their outset ; like the chilling vapor, awhile

nal consequences. retarding the beauty of a morning in spring;

How stoeet-the words of truth, but the day of success, attained by persever

Breathed from the lips-we love. ing efforts, when it comes, will well repay for

One alone its late appearance, and its splendor more

May do the task of many, when the mind than atone for its morning shade. 2. By tak

Is active in it. ing in the widest possible range of authors of

Cotcombs-are of all realms, and kind, all ages, one seems to create, within himself,

They're not to set, or age confined, a sympathy for the whole brotherhood of

of rich, or poor, or great, or small,

'Tis vanity-besets them all. man, past, present, and to come, and to approximate continually, to a view of Univer True happiness-had no localities ; sal Truth, tho' never attaining it. 3. All No tones provincial; no peculiar gurb. good speakers and writers, are addicted to where duty went, she went; with justice went, imitation : no one-can write or speak well, and went with meekness, charity, and love. who has not a strong sympathy with, and ad- Where'er a tear was dried ; a wounded henni mitration for all that is beautiful.

Bound up ; a bruised spirit-with the dew

Of sympathy anointed; or a pang
Anecdote. A Pun. Purcell, the famous of honest suffering soothed; or injury,
punster, being desired, one evening, when in Repeated oft, as oft-by love-forgiven ;
company, to make an extempore pur, asked, Where'er an evil passion was subdued.
“ on what subject.?“The king ;" was the Or Virtue's feeble embers fanned; where'er
answer. “O sir,” said he, “the king is not a sin was heartily abjured, and left;
2 subject.

Where'er a pious act was done, or breathed
I hate to gee a boy-80 rude,

A pious prayer, or wished a pious wish-
That one might think him-raised

There-was a high-and holy place, a spot
In some wild region of the roood, of sacred light, a most religious fane.
And but half-civilized.

Faith—is not built-on disquisition's paina

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Maxims. 1. The abuse of money is worse 461. JOY,

than the want of it. 2. Revenge is a mean plea. a pleasing ela tion of mind

sure; but no principle is more noble, than that of on the actual

forgiving injuries. 3. Without friends, the world or assured at

is but a wilderness. 4. Flattery to ourselves-does tainment of

not change the nature of that which is wrong. 5 good; or deliverance from

When a man is not liked, whatever he does is some evil.

amiss. 6. If a man is unfortunate, and reduced :n When moder

the world, it is easy to find fault with him. 7. .1 ale, it opens

pure heart makes the tongue impressive. 8. A the counte. папее with

man's best fortune, or his worst—is a wife. smiles, and

Health is better than wealth. 10. Unexperienced Throws a sun

persons think all things easy. shine of delec

Free Schools ; or the road to Honor oper tation over the whole frame;

to all. When the rich man-is called from when sudden

the possession of his treasures, he divides and violent, it s expressed by clapping the hands, exultation them as he wills, among his children and heirs. and weeping, raising the eyes to heaven, and per- But an equal Providence deals not so with haps suffusing them with tears, and giving such a the living treasures of the mind. There are spring to the body, as to make attempts to mount children, just growing up in the bosom of up as if it could fly: and when it is extreme, goes obscurity, in town and country, who

have in; often raises on very high pitches, and exhilarating; herited nothing but poverty and health, and it has a wildness of look and gesture that borders who will, in a few years, be striving, in stern on folly, madness and sorrow; hence

the expres- contention, with the great intellects of the sion, frantic with joy." Joy, mirth, &c., produce land. Our system of free schools, has opened a rousing, exciting, lively action. JOY EXPECTED.

a straight way from the threshold of every Ah! Juliet, if the measure of thy joy

abode, however humble, in the village, or in Be heaped, like mine, and that thy skill be more the city, to the high-places of usefulness, inTo blazen it, then sweeten, with thy breath, fluence and honor. And it is left for each, This neighbor air, and let rich MUSIC's tongue by the cultivation of every talent, by watchUnfold the imagin'd happiness, that both

ing, with an eagle-eye, for every chance of Receive, in either,' by this dear encounter.

improvement; by bounding forward like a See! my lord, [veins gray-hound, at the most distant glimpse of Would you not deem it breath'd, and that those honorable opportunity; by grappling, as with Did verily bear blood ? O sweet Paulina,

hooks, the prize, when it is won; by redeem. Make me think so twenty years together; No settled senes of the world can match

ing time, by defying temptation, and scorn. The pleasure of that madness.

ing sensual pleasures; to make himself use.

ful, honored and happy. MISCELLANEOUS Talents-angel-bright,

Varieties. 1. God, who loveth all his If wanting worth,

creatures, and is no respecter of persons, Are shining instruments

would have us be good for our own sakes. In false ambition's hand—10 finish faults

2. What is the difference, between the love Illustrious, and give to infamy renown.

of being wise, and the love of wisdom? Tis easiest-dealing with the firmest mind, (kind. 3. Every age has its own predominant More just, when it resists, and when it yields, more

features, taste and propensilies, that cach A mirror-has been well defined

may be fitted, and inclined, to discharge the An emblem of a thoughtful mind,

offices allotted to it. 4. God has planted in For, look upon it—when you will,

the irrational brute, memory, sense, and ap. You find-it is reflecting still.

petite ; but to rational man-he has given Life—is a sea, where storms must rise; all these, and superadded thought, intelli. Tis folly-talks of cloudless skies;

gence, will, immortal reason, and undying of: He, who contracts his swelling sail,

fection. 5. All orders of good and truth are Eludes the fury of the gare

capable of an infinite display of the varieties Anecdote. A painter-was employed in proper to that order; and of an infinite mub painting a ship, on a stage, suspended under tiplication of each. her stern. The captain, who had just got Music! thou rest of life, and balm of age, into the boat to go ashore, ordered the cabin To cheer man's palk-through this dark pilgumas voy to let go the painter. The boy went aft,

In every state-be thou my partner niade:

By night, by day, it sunshine, ard in shade; and let go the rope by which the painter's

Teach me, while here, the strain that angels sing, stage was held. The captain, surprised at From hearts devout, to Heaven's Eternal King: The boy's delay,cried out,“ Confound you for

Tune my last breatb--with pure seraphic loon a lazy dog ; why don't you let go the paint

And bymn my passage to the choir above. er? “ He's gone sir," replied the boy,

So pery still, that echo-seems to listen ;

We almost hear-the music of the sphere, * pols and all."

And fancy, that wer catch the notee of angehen



among them, that they are countenanced by 462. When

so large a portion of the American people. delight arises

Maxims. 1. He, that hearkens to counsel, 18 irom ladicrous or fugitive amuse

wise. 2. Courage-ought to have eyes, and ears, menis, in which

as well as arms. 3. Credit, losi, is like a broken others share with

looking-glass. 4. It is sweet to do good unseen tis, it is called

and in secret. 5. Nature-unites the beautiful with MIRTH, LAUGHTER OR XERRIMENT;

the useful: hence, handsome is, that handsome which opens the

does. 6. The mob hath many heads, but no brains. in outh horizon

7. A superior mind cares but little about dress, protally, shrivels the

vided it be decent. 8. The world—is a large azd nose, raises the cheeks high, les

interesting book, and is opened to us day and sens the aperture

night. 9. Vanity-renders beauty contemptible. of the eyes, and

10. Vows, made in storms, are forgotten in calms; fills them with

because they are the offspring of fear. tears.

Anecdote. Play upon words. A poor INVOCATION OF THE GODDESS OF MIRTH.

drunken loafer—was picked up in the street, But come, thou goddess, fair and free,

by the watchman, when the following decisIn heav'n yelep'd Euphosyne;

ion was made: There is no sense in his head, And of men-heart-easing MIRTH;

no cents in his pocket, and a powerful scent Whom lovely Venus bore:

in his breath: he was of course sent to the Haste thee, nymph, and bring with thee watchhouse. Jest and youthful Jolity,

The Feet. There are seven bones in the Quips, and cranks, and wanton wiles, ankle, five in the metatarsus, and fourteen Nods, and becks and wreathed smiles, phalanges in the foot, which are strongly fasSuch as hang on Hebe's cheek,

tened together by means of a gristle, which And love to live in dimple sleek;

yieldsso as to enable us to tread, with equal Sport, that wrinkled Care derides,

ease, on level or unequal surfaces. We often And Laughter, holding both his sides ;

hear of the small feet of the Chinese ladies; Come, and trip it as you go

and we also see some ladies in a christian On the light fantastic loe,

land who try to make themselves heathens, And in thy right hand-lead with thee The mountain-nymph, sweet Liberty.

by wearing a very small shoe, under the false

notion, that it is genteel to have small foet. MIRTH AND MELANCHOLY. Now, by two-headed Janus,

Genteel to have corns, impeded circulation, Nature hath framed strange fellows in her times; shall we come to our senses, leave off tight

and all their train of horrors! Oh, when Some, that will evermort peep through their eyes, shoes, and cease to worship the god of fasha And laugh, like parrots at a bag-piper; And others—of such vinegar aspect,

ion? That they'll not show their teeth in way of smile,


Like the lily, Though Nestor swear the just be laughable.

That once was mistress of the field, 463. THEATRES. If the lofty powers of I'll hang my head, and perish. the master tragedian were concentrated to

Her suny locks the development of mind, in the presence Hang on her temples, like a golden fleece. of those, only, who can appreciate his gen

She looks as clear, ius; if the public display of them, on the As morning roses, newly washed with dero. stage, were unaccompanied by any of those There's nothing in the world can make me joy ; escressences, which cling, incubus-like, to Life—is as tedious—as a twice-told tale, modern theatres ; the evil of which the phi-Vexing the dull car of drowsy man. lanthropist and patriot complain, would Love is blind, and lovers cannot see seem to be trifling. But when he throws The petty follies, that themselves commit. himself in the midst of such scenes, as he How far that little candle throws his beams : inust necessarily meet, in all the theatres of So-shines a good deed—in this naughty world. the present day, he gives the sanction of his Penetration-has an aid of divination. presence, his example and reputction, to

HONESTY. some of the most: monstrous ahuses, which Thou art full of love and honesty, exist among men. Although his moral char. And weigh'st thy words before thou giv'st thean breath acter may be irreproachable, yet a man is al

Therefore, these stops of thine fright me the more

For rich things, in a false disloyal konave, ways known by the company he keeps; and,

Are tricks of custom, but, in a man that's just :: spite of himself and his friends, he is They are clone denotenients, working from the heart, identified with all the theatres, in which ile That passions cannot rule. performs: his character is assimilated to his Gold, silver, vases sculptur'd high, debased associates, who boast of his society;

Paint, marble, gans, and robes of Persian dye,

There are, who have not, and, thank baareu! there om and ape his greatness. It is because he is Who, if they have no link not worth their care

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