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ANGER, RAGE, FURY, 471. Imply excitement or violent action: when hatred . and displeasure so rise high, on a sudden, from , wn apprehen-o sion of injury received and perturbation of mind in consequence of it,it is called ANGER: and rising to a very high degree, and extinguishing humanity, it be- comes RAGE and Fury: anger always renders the muscles protuberant; hence, an angry mind and protuberant muscles, are considered as cause and effect. Violent anger or rage, expresses itself with rapidity, noise, harshness, trepidation, and sometimes with interrruption and hesitation, as unable to utter itself with sufficient force. It wrinkles and clouds the brow, enlarges and heaves the nostrils; every vein swells, muscles strained, nods or shakes the head, stretches out the neck, clenches the fists, breathing hard, breast heaving, teeth shown and gnashing, face bloated, red, pale, or black; eyes red, staring, rolling and sparkling; eye-brows drawn down over them, stamps with the foot, and gives a violent agitation to the whole body. The voice assumes the highest pitch it can adopt, consistently with force and loudness; Tho' sometimes, to express anger with uncommon energy, the voice assumes a low and forcioble tone.
Hear me, rash man; on thy allegiance hear me; Since thou hast striv'n to make us break our vow, Which, nor our nature, nor our place can bear, We banish thee forever from our sight, And our kingdom: If when three days are expired, Thy hated trunk be found in our dominions, That moment is thy death.-Away. ..Anger is like A full hot horse; who, being allow'd his way, Self-mettle tires him. The short passing anger but seem'd to awaken New beauty, like flower", that are rvertest when shaken. They are as gentle As zephyrs blowing below the violet, Not wagging his sweet head; and yet as rough, Their royal blood enchaf’d, as the rud'st wind, That, by the top, doth take the mountain pine, And make him stoop to the vale. - You are yoked with a lamb, That carries anger—as the flint bears fire; Who, much enforced, shows a hasty spark, And straight is cold again. Anecdote. Sowing and Reaping. A countryman, sowing his ground, two upstarts, riding that way, one of them called to him with an insolent air—“Well, honest fellow, 'tis your business to sow, but we reap the fruit of your labor.” To which the countryman replied—“”Tis very likely you may; for I am sowing hemp.” The world's a book,-writ by the eternal art of the crew futhor, and printed—in man's heart.
| Laconics. 1. A little neglect may ereed great mischief. 2. Retrospection and anticipation may | both be turned to good account. 3. He, who would be well spoken of himself, must speak well of others. 4. Wildness of eccentricity, and thoughtlessness of conduct, are not necessary accompaniments of talent, or indications of genius. 5. Vanity and affectation, often steal into the hearts of youth, and make them very ridiculous; yet, no one is contemptible, for being what he is, but for pretending to be what he is not. 6. Jwo speech can be severe, unless it be true; for if it | he not true, it cannot apply; consequently, ite severity is destroyed by its injustice. 7. Mutual benevolence must be kept up between relatires, as well as between friends ; for without this cement, whatever the building is called, it is only a castle in the air, a thing talked of, without the reality. Education. Education is to the mind, what cleanliness is to the body; the beauties of the ome, as well as the other, are blemished, if not totally lost, by neglect: and as the richest diamond cannot shoot forth its lustre, wanting the lapidary’s skill, so, will the latent virtue of the noblest mind be buried in obscurity, if not called forth by precept, and the rules of good manners. Varieties. 1. He that thinks he can be negligent of his expenses, is not far from being poor. 2. Extended empire, like expanded gold, exchanges solid strength for feeble splendor. 3. Similarity in sound, weakens contrast in sense. 4. There being differences of mind, each member of a family, and of the community, is best qualified for the performance of specific duties. 5. The notions of some parents are very extravagant, in wishing the teacher to make great onen of their sons; while they would be much more useful, and happy, in the field, or in the workshop. 6. Write-down all you can remember of a lecture, address, or book, and the REs ULt will enable your teacher, as well as yourself, to decide, with a good degree of accuracy, upon your character, and the studies most appropriate for you to pursue. What is wedlock forced, but a hell, An age of discord, and continued strife t Whereas the contrary—bringeth forth bliss. And is a pattern—of celestial peace. Immortality o’ersweeps All pains, all tears, all trials, all fears, and peals, Like the eternal thunder of the deep, Into my ears, this truth—“Thou livest forever." Oh! life is a waste of wearisome hours, Which seldom the rose of enjoyment adorns; And the heart that is soonestawak'd to the flour's Is always the first to be touched by the thorns. The soul of music—slumbers in the shell, Till waked and kindled, by the master's spell And feeling hearts, (touch them but lightly,) pun:
A thousand melodies, unheard before. When all things have their trial, you shall find, Mothing is constant, but a virtuous mind.
472. R xv. B. N. G. E-1s a prop ensity & endeavor to injure or pain a n e offender, contrary to the o laws of juslice: which iso attended with triumph and exultation, when the injury is inflicted, or uccomplished. It exnoses it self sike malice, or spite, but more openly, loudly and o sets the jaws; grates the teeth; sends blasting flashes from the eyes; draws the corners of the mouth towards the ears: clenches both fists, and holds the elbow in a straining manner: the tone of voice and expression are similar to those of anger; but the pitch of voice is not so high, nor loud. If they but speak the truth of her, [honor, These hands shall tear her; if they wrong her The proudest of them shall well hear of it. Time hath not so dried this blood of mine, Nor age so eat up my invention, Nor fortune made such havoc of my means, Nor my bad life—'rest me so much of friends, But they shall find awak'd, in such a kind, Both strength of limb and policy of mind, Ability in means, and choice of friends, To quit me of them thoroughly. 473. If it will feed nothing else, it will feed iny revenge. He hath disgraced me, and hinder'd me of half a million; laugh'd at my losses, mocked at my gains, scorn'd my nalion, thwarted my bargains, cool'd my friends, heated mine enemies. And what's his reason 2 I am a Jew.’ Hath not a Jew cyes? Hath not a Jew hands? organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions 2 Is he not fed with the same food; hurt with the same weapons; subject to the same diseases; heal’d by the same means: warm'd and cool’d by the same summer and winter, as a Christian is! If you stab us, do we not bleed? If you tickle us, do we not laugh? If you poison us, do we not die? And if you wrong us, shall we not revenge? If we are like you in the rest, we will resemble you in that. If a Jew wrong a Christian what is his humility? Revenge. If a Christian wrong a Jew, what should his sufferance be by christian example? Why, Rev ENGE. The villiany you teach me, I will execute; and it shall go bar I, but I will better the instruction. 0 sacred solitude; divine retreat! Choice—of the prudent to entry—of the great! By thy pure stream, or in thy waving shade, we court fair wisdom, that celestial maid: The genuine offspring—of her lov'd embrace, (strangers—on carth,) are innocence—and peace. There, from the ways of men laid safe ashore We smile—to hear the distant tempest roar; There, bleto'd with health, with lus'ness unperplex'd, *his life we relith, and ensure the next
When will the world shake off such yokes: oh, Will that redeeming day shine out on men, [when That shall behold them rise, erect and free, As Heaven and Nature—meant mankind should be When Reason shall no longer blindly bow To the vile pagod things, that o'er her brow, Like him of Jaghernaut, drive trampling now; Nor Conquest dare to desolate God’s earth; Nor drunken Victory, with a Nero's mirth, Strike her lewd harp amidst a people's groane;-But, built on love, the world's exalted thrones Shall to the virtuous and the wise be given— Those bright, those sole legitimates of Heaven! Human Testimony. The judgment must be employed, to discern the truth or falsehood of assertions, by attending to the credibility and consistency of the different parts of the story: the veracity and character of witnesses in other respects; by comparing the assertions with accounts received from other witnesses, who could not be ignorant of the facts; and lastly, by bringing the whole to a test of a comparison with known and admitted facts. Anecdote. Scientific Enthusiasm. The enthusiasm of ardent and forcible minds, appears madness, to those who are dull and phlegmatic. The pleasure it inspires is the greatest and the most independent remuneration, that men of genius receive for their efforts and exertions. Do-na-tel-lo, the great Florentine sculptor, had been long working at his statue of Judith, and, on giving the laststroke of the chisel to it, he was heard to exclaim, “Speak now! I am sure you can.” varieties. 1. How beautiful the arrangement of all living creatures, with the boundaries of their habitation.' But how much more beautiful, could we but discover the law of this arrangement, or the reason, by which it is founded; that law, and the source from which it proceeds, must be the perfection of intelligence. 2. A good natured man has the whole world to be happy in. He is blest with everybody's blessing, and wherever he goes, he finds some one to love; “Unto him that hath, shall be given.” 3. Parents should beware of discouraging their children, by calling them fools, half-witted, and telling them they will never know anything, &c.; but let the current flow on, and it will soon run clear: dam it up, and mischief will most certainly ensue. 4. The agitations among the nations of the earth, cannot be mistaken: they are the struggles of opinion, writhing in its chains, and indignantly striving to cast them off; the soul bursting its trammels, forsaking its bondage, and soaring away to its native heaven of thought, where it may range at large, emancipate and free. “Peace to shall the world, out-wearied, ever ree Its universal reign? Will states, will kings, Put down those murderous—and unholy thing", which fill the earth—with blood and minery? will nations learn—that love—not enmity– Is Heaven's first lesson.
ANGER, HATRED, REPROACH. | bent upon me is, that I should jut for my powers 474. RE
and remove it. How shall I do this? By the er PROACH-is set
ercise of my understanding. To the employment Hled anger,
of this power, a cool and exact observation is nehatred, chastising the object
cessary; but the moment I am the slave of pas of its dislike, by
sion, my power is lost; I am turned into a beast, casting in his
or rather into a drunkard; I can neither preserve teeth the secret
my footing, nor watch my advantage, nor strike causes of his misconduct, or
an effectual blow. Did you never see a passionimperfections:
ate and a temperate mar-pitched against each the brow is con
other? How like a fool did the former aprear! tracted, the lip
how did his adversary turn and wind him as he turn'd up with
pleased, like some god-controling an néerlot ne. scorn, the head shaken, the
ture! It is by this single implement, his reason, voice low, as
that man tames horses, camels, and elephants, to is abhorring, and
his hand ; that he tames the lion of the desert, and the whole body
shuts up the hyena with bars. expressive of aversion, contempt and loathing.
Anecdote. Servile Imitation. The ChiFarewell, happy fields,
nese tailors do not measure their customers, Where joy forever dwells ! Hail, horrors ! hail, but make clothes according to the pattern Infernal world! and thou, profoundest Hell,
given them. An American captain, being at Receive thy new possessor; one who brings
Canton, and wanting a new coat made, sent A mind not to be chang'd by place or time.
the proper quantity of cloth, and an old one The mind is its own place, and in itself Can make a heav'n of hell, a hell of Heav'n:
for a pattern: but, unluckily, the old coat What matter where, if I be suill the same,
had a patch at the elbow, which the tailor And what I should be, all but less than he
copied, to the no small mortification of his Whom thunder hath made greater? Here, at least employer. We shall be free; th' Almighty hath not built
Varieties. 1. Whatever tends to dissolve Here for his envy; will not drive us hence : the Union, or lessen the sovereign authority, Here we may reign secure; and in my choice, is hostile to our liberty and independence. 2. To reign is worth ambition, though in hell : As the true christian religion, which is to beBetter to reign in hell, than serve in Heaven. come universal, had one local origin, so, He is my bane, I cannot bear him;
have all genuine and specific creations had One heav'n and earth can never hold us both : their origin, or local centre, whence they have Still shall we hate, and with defiance deadly, been diffused. 3. Let an unbeliever in this Keep rage alive, till one be last forever;
religion, write down, fairly and truly, all the As if two suns should meet in one meridian, absurdities he believes instead of it, and he An I strive, in fiery combat, for the passage. will find that it requires more faith to reject 1110 does one thing, and another well,
it, than it does to embrace it. 4. Reverence My heart detests him as the gates of hell.
paid to man, on account of what is good and Hence, from my sight!
true; as divine in them, and as their own, Thy father cannot bear thee;
is the worship of the creature, instead of the Fly with thy infamy in some dark cell,
Creator, and is idolatry. 5. Man is the end Where, on the confines of eternal night, of the whole creation, and all particulars Mourning, misfortunes, cares and anguish dwell. of it conspire, that conjunction of him with REPROACHING WITU WANT OF COURAGE AND SPIRIT. God may be attained, and that the end may Thou slave, thou wretch, thou coward !
be brought to pass. Thou little valiant, great in villany,
False views, like that horizon's fair deceit, Thou ever strong upon the stronger side !
Where earth and heaven but scom, alas, lo meet Thou fortune's champion, thou dost never fight
Deceit—is the false road to happiness; But when her humorous ladyship is by,
And all the joys we travel to through vice, To teach thee safety! thou art perjured too,
Like fairy banquets, vanish when we touch them , And soothest up greatness. What a fool art thou, A ramping fool; to brag, to stamp, and swear,
Oh! colder than the wind, that freezes Upon my party! Thou cold-blooded slave!
Founts, that bui now in sunshine play'da Ilast thou not spoke like thunder on my side.
Is that congealing pang, which seizes Been sworn my soldier ? bidding me depend,
The trusting bosom, when betray'd. Upon thy stars, thy fortune, and thy strength ? In vain my lyre would lightly breathe And dost thou now fall over to my foes ?
The smile, thai sorrow fain would wear, Thou wear a lion's hide ; doff it, for shame, But mocks the woe, that lurks beneath, And hang a calf's skin on those recreant limbs. Like roses-o'er a sepulchre. Debasing tendency of Anger. What
As the ivy-climbs the tallesi tree, # wretched thing is anger, and the commotion of So-round the loftiest souls his toils he wound, the soul. If anything interposes itself between And, with his spells, subdu'd the fierce and free me and the object of my pursuits, what is incum An honest man's the noblest work of God.
475. When violent and sudden, it open s very a wide the 4 mouth, short-so ens the nose, or draws down the eyebrows, gives the countenanee an air of wildness, covers it with deadly palemess, draws back the i. bows parallel/~ w it h the * \\ o sides, lińs up the open hands-with the fingers spread to the height of the breast, at some distance belore it, so as to shield it from the dreadful object. one foot is drawn back behind the other, so that the body seems shrinking from the danger; and putting itself in a posture for flight The heart beats violently, the breath is quick and short, and one whole body is thrown into a general tremor. The voice is weak and trembling, the sentences short, and the meaning confused and incoherent. imminent danger produces violent shrieks, without any articulate sounds; sometimes confuses one noughts, produces faintness, which is somejmes followed by death. Ah! mercy on my soul. What is that! My old friend's ghost? They say none but wicked folks walk; I wish I were at the bottom of a coal-pit. See? how long and pale his face has grown since his death: he never was handsome; and death has improved him very much the wrong way. Pray do notcome near me! I wish'd you very well when you were alive; but I could never abide a dead man, cheek by jowl with me. Ah, ah, mercy on us! No nearer, pray; if it be only to take leave of me that you are come back, I could have excused you the ceremony with all my heart; or if you—mercy on us! no nearer, pray, or, if you have wronged anybody, as you always loved money a little, I give you the word of frightened christian; I will pray as long as you please for the deliverance, or repose of your departed soul. My good, worthy, noble friend, do, pray disappear, as ever you would wish your old friend to come to his senses again. Passion, when deep, is still—the glaring eye, That reads its enemy with glance of fire; The lip, that curls and writhes in bitterness; The brow contracted, till its wrinkles hide The keen fixed orbs that burn and flash below; The hand firm clench'd and quivering, and the foot Planted in attitude to spring and dart Its vengeance, are the language it employs. while passions glow, the heart, like heated steel, Takes each impression, and is work'd at pleasure. Anecdote. Printing. It is related that Faust, of Mentz, one of the many to whom the honor of having invented the invaluable art of printing is ascribed, having carried some of his Bibles to Paris, and offered them
for sale as Mss., the French, after tonsidering the number of the books, and their exact conformity to each other, and that the best book writers could not be so exact, concluded there was witchcraft in the case; and, by either actually indicting him as a confor", or threatening to do so, they extorted the secret, hence, the origin of the popular story of the Devil and Dr. Faustus.
Their breath is agitation, and their life A storm whereon they ride, to sink at last, And yet so nurs'd and bigoted to strife, That should their days, surviving perils Past, Melt to calm twilight, they feel overcast With sorrow and supineness. and so die; Even as a flame unsed, which runs to waste with its own flickering, or a sword laid by which eats into itself, and rusts ingloriously. Friendship. The water, that flows from to spring, does not congeal in the winter. And those sentiments of friendship, which flow from the heart, cannot be frozen in adversity.
varieties. 1. As in agriculture, he, who can produce the greatest crossos not the best farmer, but he, who can effect it with the icast labor and expense ; so, in society, he is not the best member, who can bring about the most apparent good, but he, who can accomplish it with the least admixture of concomitant evil. 2. Cicero says, that Roscius, the Roman comedian, could express a sentence in as many ways by his gestures, as he himself could by his words. 3. The eye of a cultivated person is full of meaning; if you read it attentively, it will seem like a mirror, revealing the inner world of thought and feeling; as the bosom of the smooth lake reflects the image of the earth around, and the heavens above. 4. A good reader and a bad singer, and a bad reader and a good singer, is without excuse; for the same strength, purity, distinctness, flexibility and smoothness of voice, that either requires, and promotes, are subservient to each other.
Should fate—command me to the farthest verge
GRIEF AND REMORSE,
Freedom of the Press. I!x.iberty of tho 476. Are
press—is the true measure of the liberty of the peoclosely allied
ple. The one cannot be attacked, without injury to sorrow and
to the other. Our thoughis ought to be perfectly remorse ; or a painful re
free; to bridle them, or stifle them in their sanctumembrance of
is the crime of perverted humanity. Wha: criminal ac
can I call my own, if my thoughts are not mine. tions and pursuits ; casts
Anecdote. Prize of Immortality. On down the
its being remarked to Zeuxis, a celebrated countenance, clouds it with
painter, that he was very long in finishing anxiety; hangs
his works, he replied, “I am, indeed, a long down the
time in finishing my works; but what I head, shakes it witt regret,
paint–is for ETERNITY." just raises the
Varieties. 1 Many projects, which, 8! eyes as if to look up, and
the first, appear plausible and inviting, in suddenly casts
the end-prove to be very injurious. 2. Scithem down again with sighs; the right hand ence, philosophy and religion, are our food in sometimes beats the heart or head, and the whole youth, and our delight in more advanced body writhes as if in self-aversion: The voice life; they are ornaments to prosperity, and low and reproachful tone: weeps, stamps, hur- a comfort and refuge, in adversity; armor at ries to and fro, runs distracted, or faints away. home, and abroad, they pass their days and When it is violent,
grovels on the ground ; tears nights with us, accompany us in our travels, it produces torpid sullen silence, resembling to- and in rural retirements. 3. Which is more tai apathy.
to be dreaded, a false friend or an open ene477. REMORSE FOR DRUNKENNess. I my? 4. Guard against being led into imprusremember a mass of things, but nothing dis- dence, by yielding to an impetuous temper. tinctly; a quarrel, nothing wherefore. O that 5. There is no virtuous person, who has not men should put an enemy in their mouths to some weakness or vice; nor is there a risteal away their brains; that we should with cinus one, who cannot be said to possess joy, pleasure, revel, applause, transform our some virtue. 6. What a difficult thing it is, selves into beasts: I will ask him for my not to betray guilt in the countenance, when place again; he shall tell me—I am a drunk- it exists in the mind! 7. The strength of ard: had I as many mouths as Hydra, such one vital faculty is sometimes the occasion of an answer would stop them all. To be now a weakness in another ; but, that it may not a sensible man, by and by a fool—and pres- exist, exercise no faculty or principle beyond ently-a beast! O strange! every inordi- its strength or bounds. 8. Science-relates to nate cup is unbless'd, and the ingredient is whatevever addresses us thro' the five senses ; a devil.
which are the ultimates-upon which the GRIEF DEPLORING LOSS OF HAPPINESS.
interiors of the mind, and the inmost of the I had been happy, if the general camp,
soul-rest. Pioneers and all, had wrong'd my love,
Wherefore rejoice? What conquest brings he home! So had I nothing known : 0 now, forever,
What tribularies follow him to Rome, Farewell the tranquil mind; farewell, content ;
To grace, in captive bonds, his chariol-wheels! Farewell the plumed troop and the big war
You blocks, you stones, you worse than senseles! That make ambition--virtue! O farewell :
O, you hard hearts, you cruel men of Rome, (things! Farewell the neighing steed, and the shrill trump, Knew ye not Pompey ? Many a time and oft The spirit-stirring drum, the ear-piercing fife,
Have you climb'd up to walls and battlements, The royal banner, and all quality,
To towers and windows, yea, to chimney-tops, Pride, pomp, and circumstances of glorious war! Your infants in your arms, and there have sat Farewell! Othello's occupation's gone.
The live-long day, with patient expectation,
Have you not made an universal shout,
Made in his concave shores?
And do you now strew flowers in his way.
That comes in triumph over Pompey's blood :
Pray 10 the gods to intermit the plague,