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506. COMMENDATION—is the expression of the Laconies. 1. To devolve on science the duapprobation we have for any object, in which ties of religion, or on religion the duties of science, we find any congruity to our ideas of excellence, is to bind together the liming and the dead. 2. The natural, or moral, so as to communicate pleasure: as ii generally supposes superiority in the person prevailing error of our times is, the cultivation of commending, ii assumes the aspect of love (but the intellectual faculties, to the neglect of the more without desire and respect,) and expresses itself al faculties; when the former alone are develop'd, in a mild tone of voice, with a small degree of em fidence; the arms are gently spread, the hands the child has acquired the means of doing gocd or open, with the palms upwards, directed toward the evil—to himself, 10 society, to his country, or to the person approved, and sometimes lifted up and world; but practical goodness alone,' can preserve down, as is pronouncing praise.

the equilibrium. 3. Many persons have an unforYou have done our pleasures very much grace, fair tunate passion for inventing fictions, merely for the Sci a fair fashion on our entertainment, (ladies; purpose of exciting amazement in their hearers. Which was not half so beautiful and kind; 4. Those who, without having sufficient know. You've added worth unto't, and lively lustre, ledge of us, form an unfavorable opinion respect And entertain'd me with mine own device ;- ing us, do not injure us; they reflect on a phan I am to thank you for it.

tom of their own imagination. good old man, how well in thee-appears

The heart, like a tendril, accustomed to cling, The constant service of the antique world,

Let it go where it will, cannot flourish alone; When service sweat for duty, not for meed!

But will lean to the nearest, and loveliest thing, Thou art not for the fashion of these times,

It can iwine with itself, and make closely its own Where none will sweat-but for promotion ;

Honor's a sacred tie, the law of kings, And having that, do choke their service up,

The noble mind's distinguishing perfection, Even with the having: it is not so with thee. That nids and strengthens virtue, where it meets her 507. OBSERVATION. Nothing appears

And imitates her actions, where she is not. easier than to observe, yet few things are more

False honor, like a comet-blazes broad, uncommon. By observe—is meant to consi- But blazes for extinction. Real merit

Shines-like the eternal sun-10 shine forever. der a subject in all its various parts; first, each part separately; then to examine its analogy No heart

, and cannot feel ; where'er she moves,

She hath no head, and cannot think; she hath with contiguous, or other possible subjects ; It is in wrath; or pauses, 'ris in ruin: to conceive and retain the various proportions Her prayers are curses ; her cornmunion-death. which delineate, define and constitute the es

Eternity her tengence ; in the blood of her victim sence of the thing under consideration; to Her red decalogue-is written — (BIGOTRY.) have clear ideas of these proportions, indivi

Ordoing Injuries to Others. Propitious dually and collectively, as contributing to form conscience, thou equitable and ready judge. be a whole, so as not to confound them with never absent from me? Tell me, constantly, other properties or things, however great the that I cannot do the least injury to another, resemblance. The obsERVER will often see without receiving the counter-stroke: that I where the unobservant is blind. To observe,

must necessarily wound myself, when I is to be attentive, so as to fix the mind on a

wound another. particular object, which it selects for consideration from a number of surrounding objects.

Nature-never did betray To be attentive—is to consider some one par- The heart, that loved her! Tis her privilege, ticular object, exclusively of all others, and to 'Through all the years of this our life, to leed analyze and distinguish its peculiarities. From joy to joy; for she can so inform

Anecdote. During the mock trial of Louis The mind, that is within us, so impress, XVI., he was asked, what he had done with With quietness and beauty, and so feed a certain sum of money, a few thousand With lofty thoughts, that neither evil congrase, rounds. His voice failed him, and the tears Nor greetings; where no kindness is, nor all

Rash judgments, nor the sneers of selfish min, came into his eyes at the question; at length The dreary intercourse of common life he replied—“I LOVED TO MAKE THE PEOPLE Shall e'er prerail against us, or disturb HAPPY." He lead given the money away in Our cheerful faith, that all that we behold charity.

Is full of blessings. Therefore, let the moon Srp--was the sound, when of, at evening's close, Shine on thee in thy solitary walk; l'p yinder hill-the village murmur rose; And let the misty mountain winds be free There, as I passed, with careless steps—and slovo, To blow against thee; and, in after years, The mingling notes, came softened-from below: When these wild ecstasies shall be matured The swain-responsive, as the milkmaid sung, Into a sober pleasure; when thy mind The sober herd, that lowed to meet their young;

Shall be a mansion for all lovely forms, The noisy gecse, that gabbled o'er the pool Thy memory be a dwelling-place The playfulchildren, just let loose from school, (wind, For all sweet sounds and harmonies, oh! then, The watch-dog's voice, that bay'd the whispering If solitude, or fear, or pain, or grief, And the loud laugh, that spoke the vacant mind; Should be thy portion, with what healing though These all-in soft confusion-sought the shade, Of iender joy wilt thou remember me, And filled each pause, the nightingale had made. And these my benedictions.

NATURE ALWAYS TRUE.

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508. The Passions. Plato calls the passions, story of his loss, and when he had finished the wings of the soul. According to this meta: “You are welcome,” said he,“ my son her and, in applying this figure to the several charac will show you where it is; no hand has ters of men, some are eagles, others are bats and touched it, but the one that covered it, that orols; a few are

svans, and

many are geese; no pha- you might receive what you had lost.” nix among them all. In another place, he styles the passions the chariot-horses of the soul; by Laconics. 1. Owe nothing - 10 your adwhich is implied, that though strong and fleet, they vancement, save your own unassisted exertions, should be under command.

if you would retain what you acquire. 2. When COMPLAINING OF EXTREME PAIN. passion rules us, it deprives of reason, suspends Search, there; nay, probe me; search my wounded the faculty of reflection, blinds the judgment, and Pull,--draw it out,

(reins, precipitates us into acts of violence, or excesses ; Oh! I am shot! A forked burning arrow-- the consequences of which we may forever deplore Sticks across my shoulders: the sad venom flies 3. With those who are of a gloomy turn of mind, Like lightning thro‘my flesh.my blood, my manow. be reserved; with the old, he serious, and with Ha! what a change of torments I endure! the young, be merry. 4. In forming matrimonial A bolt of ice-runs hissing-thro' my body: alliances, undue effort is made to reconcile every Tis sure the arm of death; give me a chair; thing relating to fortune, and family; but very Cover me, for I freeze, my teeth chatter,

little is paid to congeniality of dispositions, or ac And my knees knock together.

cordance of hearts. 5. Moral knowledge is to be Why turnest thou from me ? I'm alone sought from the WORD of God; scientific knowl Already, and to the seas complaining. edge from the works of God. 6. By union-the What can thy imag‘ry of sorrow mean? most trifling beginnings thrive and increase ; by Secluded from the world, and all its care,

disunion-the most flourishing-fall to the ground last thou to grieve, or joy; to hope, or fear?

7. Is not the union of CAPITAL, TALENT and LA Why should we anticipate our sorrows ?

BOR, the SALVATION of the WORLD, temporally and 'Tis like those, who diefor fear of death.

spiritually ? 509. CURIOSITY-opens the eyes and mouth,

Varieties. 1. Good neighborhoods sur lengthens the neck, bends the body forward and ply all wants; which may be thus illustrafixes it in one posture, with the hands nearly as ted. Two neighbors, one-blind and the oththe voice. tone and gesture are nearly as in inqui-en-lame, were called to a distant place; but ry, which see; also Desire, Attention, Hope and how could they obey? The blind man carPerplexity.

ried the lame one, who directed the carrier CURIOSITY AT FIRST SEEING A FINE OBJECT. where to go. Is not this a good illustration, Pros. The fringed curtains of thine eye advance, of faith and charity? Charity-acts, and And say what thou seest yonder.

faith-guides ; i. e. the will-impels, and Mit. What! is't a spirit?

he understanding - directs. 2. Superficial 1.0, how it looks about! believe, sir,

writers, like the mole, often fancy themselves it carries a brave form. But 'uis a spirit. Pros. No, wench, it eats and sleeps, and hath deep, when they are exceeding near the

surface. As we have, such.

(such senses Mir. I righ:call him

Trifles make the sum of human things, A ining d:vine, for nothing natural,

And half our misery from our foibles springs; I ever saw so noble.

Since life's best joys-consist in peace and easa, 510. Devying--what is affirmed, is but an af And few can save or serve, but all can please; firmation of the contrary, and is expressed like Oh! let the ungentle spirit learn from hence, affirmation, pushing the open right hand from one, A small unkindness is a great offence. and turning the face another way. Denying å favor--see refusing, denying an accusation.

How beautiful is night! "If I in act consent, or sin of thought,

A dewy freshness fills the silent air, Be guilty--of stealing that sweet breath,

No mist obscures, nor cloud, nor speck, nor stain Which was embounded in that beauteous clay,

Breaks the serene of heaven: Let hell--want pains enough to torture me!

In full-orbed glory yonder moon divine I left him well.

Rolls through the dark blue depths. Anecdoto. The Os-ti-ack Boy. A Russian

Beneath her steady ray,

The desert circle spreads, was traveling from Tobalsk to Reresow; and, Like the round ocean, girdled with the sky: on the road, stopped a night at the hut of an

How beautiful is night! Ostiack. In the morning, on continuing his

Who, at this untimely hour, journey, he found he had lost his purse. The

Wanders o'er the desert sands? son of the Ostiack, about fourteen, had found No station is in view, the purse ; but, instead of taking it up, he Nor palm-grove islanded amid the wasto. went and told his father ; who was equally The mother and her child; onwilling to touch it, and ordered the boy to The widowed mother and the fatherless boy cover with some bushes. On the Russian's They, at this untimely nour, turn, he stopped at the same hut; the Os- Wander o'er the desert sands. t'ack did not recognize him. He related the Delay--leads to impotent and snail pac'd beggary

511. DISMISSING~with approbation, is done Varieties. 1. The cost disgusturg rices-arwith a kind aspect and tone of voice; the right often concealed under the fairest exterior. 2. A hand open and palm upward, gently raised to knowledge of the human heart, is, by no means look and tone of voice that suit displeasure, the detrimental to the love of all mankind. 3. Ona hand is hastily thrown out towards the person dis- person cannot render another-indispensable; no missed, the back part of the hand towards him, can one supply the place of another. 4. The leas. and the countenance, at the sanie time, turned failing of an individual often incites a great oui away from him. Chatillon says to king John:

cry; his character is at once darkened, tramplea Then take my king's defiance from my mouth,

on, destroyed; but treat that person in the righe The farthest limit of my embassy.

way, and you will be astonished at what he was K. J. Bear mine to him, and so depart in peace : listen, can perform nothing, that deserves the nama

able and willing to perform. 5. He who cannot Be thou as lighıning-in the eyes of France;

of wisdom and justice. 6. He had respectable For, ere thou canst report, I will be there,

talents and connections; but was formidable to the The thunder of my cannon shall be heard ;

people, from his want of principle, and his readi. So, hence! Be thou as the trumpet of our wrath,

ness to truckle to men in power. 7. Every vicious And sullen presage of your own decay.

act, weakens a right judgment, and defiles the life. An honorable conduct let him have;

These, and a thousand mixed emotions more, Pernbroke, look to't: farewell, Cha-til-lon!

From ever changing views of good and ill, 512, DIFFERNG- in sentiment,

Formed infinitely various, ter the mind may be expressed

With endless storms. nearly as Refusing,

For my past crimes--my forfeit life receive which see; and Agreeing in opinion,

No pity for my sufferings-here I crave, or being convinc

And only hope forgiveness—in the grave. ed, is expressed

For soon, the winter of the year, nearly as granting, which also see.

And age, life's winter, will appear; DISTRACTION-0.

At this, thy living bloom-must fade, pens the eyes 10 a

As that will strip the verdant shade. frightful wideness, rolls them hastily

True love's the gift, that God has given, and wildly from ob

To man alone, beneath the heaven; ject to object, dis

It is the secret sympathy, torts every feature;

The silver link, the silken tie, gimshes with the teeth; agitates all parts of the body; rolls in the dust; foams at the mouth; utters

Which, HEART IO HEART, and. MIND LO MIND, hideous bellowings -execrations - blasphemies,

In BODY, and in SouL can bind. and all that is fierce and outrageous; rushes furi- Anecdote. Stan-is-laus, king of Polimde ously on all who approach, and, if resirained, tears its own flesh and destroys itself. See the was driven from his dominion by Charles XII. engraving, indicating dread,' abhorrence, &c. of Sweden; he took refuge in Paris, where le DOTAGE. or infirm old age, shows itself by talka- was supported at the expense of the court of cheeks; dimness of sight; deafness; tremor of France. Some person complained to the duke voice; ihe accents, through default of the teeth, of Orleans, (then regent,) of the great expense scarcely intelligible; knees tottering; hard wheez- of the exiled monarch, and wished that he ing; laborious groaning; the body stooping under should be desired to leave. The duke nobly the insupportable weight of years, which will soon crush it into the dust, whence it had its or replied: “Sir, France has ever been, and I igin.

trust ever will be, the refuge of unfortunate What folly can be ranker? like our shadows, princes; and I shall not permit it to be vioOur wishes lengthen, as our sun declines. lated, when so excellent a prince as the king No wish should lover, then, this side the grave. of Poland comes to claim it." Our hearts should ieave the world, before the knell

The winds Calls for our carcasses to mend the soil.

And rolling waves, the sun's unwearied course, Enough to live in tenipest; die in port.

The elements—and seasons, all declareAge should Ay concourse, cover in retreat,

For whatthe eternal MAKER-has ordained Defects of judgment, and the will subdue ;

The powers of man; we feel, within oursclve, Walk thoughtful on the silent, solemn shore

His energy divine. He tells the heart, Of that vast ocean it must sail so soon!

He meant, he made us—10 behold, and lore, Where-should'st thou look for kindness?

What HE beholds and loves, the GENERAL orb When we are sick, where can we turn for succor; or life--and being; to be great-like hin. When we are wretched, where can we complain; Beneficent, and active. Thus, the men, And when the world-looks cold and surly on us, Whom nature's works can charm, with God himseig Where can we go-to meet a warmer eye, Hold converse; grow familiar, day by day; Wuh such sure confidence-as to a mother? With his conceptions; act upon his plan, The world may scowl, acquaintance may forsake, And form to his-the relish of their souls. Friends may neglect, and lovers know a change; An honest soul-is like a ship at sea, But, when a mother-doth forsake her child, That sleeps at anchor-upon the ocean's calm; Men lin their hands, and cry, “A prodigy.'* But, when it rages, and the wind blows high Glutions are never generous.

She cuts her way with skill—and majesty.

$13. EXHORTING, OR ENCOURAGING. Is earnest Extremes. The subline of nature is the persuasion, attended with confidence of success; sky, sun, moon, stars, &c. The profound o the voice has the softness of love, intermixed with nature, is, gold, pearls, precious stones, and The firmness of courage; the arms are sometimes the treasures of the deep, which are inestima. spread, with the hands open, as entreating; occa- ble as unknown. But all that lies between sonally the right hand is lifted up, and struck these, as corn, flowers, fruits, animals, and rapidly down, as enforcing what is said. In a things for the mere use of man, are of mean general, at the head his army, it requires a kind, price, and so common, as not to be greatly complacent look, unless matters of offence have esteemed by the curious; it being certain, passed, as neglect of duty, &c.

that any thing of which we know the true use But wherefore do you droop? Why look you sad ? cannot be invaluable: which affords a solu. Be great in act, as you have been in thought : tion, why common sense hath either been to Let not the world—see fear and sad distrusi, tally despised, or held in small repute, by the Govern the motive of a kingly eye;

greatest modern critics and authors. Be stirring with the time; be fire with fire; Varieties. I. The arts are livided into the Thrcaten the threatener, outface the brow useful, and the police, the fine, and the elegant ; of bragging horror ; so, shall inferior eyes, some are for use, and others for pleasure; ElockThat borrow their behavior from the great, tion is of a mixed nature, in which use and beauty Grow great by your example; and put on are of nearly co-equal influence ; manner being The dauntless spirit of resolution ;

as important as matter, or more so. 2. Our govShow boldness, and aspiring confidence.

ernment, is a government of laws, not of men; What! shall they seek the lion in his den,

but will lose this character, if the laws furnish And fright him there, and make him tremble there ? no remedy for the violation of vested rights. 3. Oh, let it not be said ! Forage, and run,

Nature has given us two eyes and two ears, and To meet displeasure farther from the doors, but one tongue; that we should see and hear more And grapple with him, ere he come so nigh. than we speak. 4. The weariness of study is re

514. FAINTING-produces a sudden relaxation moved by loving it, and valuing the results for of all that holds the liuman frame together-every their uses. 5. The three kingdoms of nature, sinew and ligament unstrung; the color flics from are the Mineral, the Vegetable, and the Animal. The vermillion cheek, the sparkling eve grows minerals are destitute of organization and life, dim; down the body drops, as helpless and senselegs as a mass of clay, to which it seems hasten- vegetables, or plants, are endowed with organizaing to resolve itself.

tion and life, but are destitute of voluntary motions And lo! sad partner of the genial care,

and sense ; while animals-possess them all. Weary and fain!-I drive my goats afar. As some lone miser, visiting his store, [it o'er, Weariness

Bends o'er his treasures, and counts and recounts

Hoards after hoards--his rising raplures fill, Can snore upon the fint, when rusty sloth, Finds the downy pillow-hard.

Yet still—he sighs ; for hoards are wanting still:

Thus, to my breast, alternate passions rise, Anecdote. A poor priest came one day, Pleased with each bliss, th’t Hearen to us supplies; in Louis XI. of France, when this monarch Yet oft a sigh prevails, and tears will fall

, was at his devotions, in the church, and told to see the hoard of human bliss-60 small. him, the builiffs were about to arrest him for

The flighty purpose-is never undertook, a sum, he was unable to pay. The king or- Unless the deed go with it; from this moment, dered him the money; saying_“You have The firstlings of my heart, shall be chosen your time to address me very luckily. The firstlings of my head; and even now, (done. It is but just that I should show some com- To crown my thoughts with acts, be it thought and passion to the distressed,when I have been en. It is jealousy's peculiar nature, treating God to have compassion on myself." | To swell small things to great ; nay, out of nought

ADDRESSED TO AN OFFICER IN THE ARMY. To conjure much ; and then to lose its reason, Oh, that the muse might call, without offence, Amid the hideous phantoms—it has found. The gallant soldier back to his good sense, If any here chance to behold himself, Flis temp'ral field so cautious not to lose; Let him not dare to challenge me of wrong i So careless quite of his eternal foes.

For, if he shame to have his follies known, Soldier! so tender of thy prince's fame,

First he should shame to act 'em: my strict hand Why so profuse of a superior name?

Was made to seize on vice, and with a gripe, For the king's sake, the brunt of battles bear, Squeeze out the humor of such spongy souls, But-for the King of king's sake-do not swear. As lick up every idle vanity.

How many bright [bigh! The crow doth sing as sweetly as the lark, And splendent lamps shine in heaven's temple When neither is attended; and, I think, Day haih his golden sun, her moon the night, The nightingale, if she should sing by day,

Her fix'd and wand'ring stars the azure sky; When every goose is cackling, would be thraight 6o fram'd all by their Creator's might, [die. No better a musician than the wren.

That still they live and shine, and ne'er shall How many things by season, season'd are There in a lust in man-no power can tame,

To their right praise and true perfection! or loudly publishing-his neighbor's shame; How vain all outward effort to supply On engle's wings--immorial scandals fly,

The soul with joy! the noontide sun is dark, Whilst virtious actions are but borii—to die. And music--discord, when the heart is low.

515. FATIGUE- from severe or hard labor, Laconies. 1. We too often forin hasry npin. gives a general languor to the body; the counte- ions, from external appearances, assumed merely nance is dejected, the arms hang listless; the for deception, by the wolf in sheep's clothing. 2. body, (if not sitting, or lying along.) stoops as in old age; the legs, is walking, drug heavily along, While prosperity yilds your days, you may reckou and seem, at every step, lo bend under the weight many friends ; but, if the clouds of adversity de. of the body; the voice is weak, and hardly arti- scend upon you, behold, they flee away. 3. Cowculate evough to be understood.

ards boast of their fancied prowess, and assume I see a man's life is a tedious one:

an appearance of courage, which they do not posI've tir'd myself, and for two nights, together sess. 4. The life of the true christian, is not one Have made the ground my hed. I should be sick, of melancholy, and gloominess ; for he only resigis Bu: that my resolution helps me. Milford- the pleasure of sin, 10 enjoy the pleasure of hol. When frorn the mountain-lop Pisanio show'd t.ee, ness. 5. The blessings of peace cannot be 100 Thou wast within my ken. Ah me! I think highly prized, nor the horrors of war too earnestly Foundations—fy the wretched; such, I mean, deprecated; unless the fornier is obtained, and the Where they should be relieved.

latter-averted, by a sacrifice of principle. 6. The $16. GRAVITY,-seriousness, as when the mind conqueror is regarded with awe, and the leamed is fixed, or deliberating on some important subject, man commands our esteem; but the good man aline smooths the countenance, and gives it an air of

is beloved. melancholy; the eye-brows are lowered, the eyes cust downwards, and partially closed, or raised 10 Thy words—had such a melting floro, heaven: the inouth shut, the lips composed, and And spoke of truth, so mucelly well, sometimes a little contracted: the postures of the They drupp d-like heaven's serenest snore, body and limbs composed, and without much mo. .on; the speech, if any, slow and solemn, and the

And all was brightness, where they fell. voice without much variety.

Can gold-gain friendship? Impulence of hope ! Fathers! we once again are met in council : As well mere man--an ange might beget; Cesar's approach hath summoned us together,

Love, and love only, is the loan for love. And ROME-attends her fate

from our resolves.

Lorenzo ! pride repress; nor hope to find How shall we treat this bold, aspiring man?

A friend, but who has found a friend in thee. Success-still follows him, and backs his crimes : All-like the purchase ; few—the price will pay; PILARSALIA-gave him Rome. EGYPT-has since And this-makes friends--such mirucles below. Received his yoke, and the whole Nile is Cesar's. Honor and Virtue. Konor is unstable, Why should I mention Juba's overthrow, and seldom the same; for she feeds upon Or Scipio's death? Numidia's burning sands opinion, and is as fickle as her food. She Still smoke with blood ;-'tis time we should decree

builds a lofty structure on the sandy foundaWhat course to take; our foe adrances on us,

tion of the esteem of those who are of all leAnd enries us even Lybia's sultry deserts. (fix'd

ings the most subject to change. But virtue Fathers, pronounce your thoughts; are they still To hold it out, and fight it to the last ?

is uniform and fixed, because she looks for Or, are your hearts subdued at length, and wrought, approbation only from Him, who is the same B; time and ill success, to a submission ? Sempro- yesterday-to-day—and forever. Honor is nious-speak.

the most capricious in her rewards. She feeds Anecdote. How prize good Fortune. us with air, and often pulls down our house, In the year preceding the French revolution, to build our monument. She is contracted a servant girl, in Paris, drew a prize of fifteen in her views, inasmuch as her hopes are roothundred pounds. She immediately called on ed in earth, bounded by time, and terminated the parish priest, and generously put two by death. But virtue is enlarged and infinite hundred louisdors into his hands, for the in her hopes, inasmuch as they extend berelief of the most indigent and industrious yond present things, even to eternal; this is pwor ir. the district; accompanying the dona- their proper sphere, and they will cease only tion with this admirable and just observation, in the reality of deathless enjoyment. In the "Fortune could only have been kind to me, storms, and in the tempests of life, honor in in order that I might be kind to others.not to be depended on, because she herself

True Eloquence, is good sense, deliver- partakes of the tumult; she also is buffetei! ed in a natural and unaffected way, without by the wave, and borne along by the whirl. the artificial ornament of tropes and figures. wind. But virtue is above the storm, and has Our common eloquence is usually a cheat an anchor sure and steadfast, because it is cast upon the understanding; it deceives us with into heaven. The noble Brutus worshiped appearances, instead of things, and makes honor, and in his zeal mistook her for virtue. us think we sce reason, whilst it is only tick- In the day of trial he found her a shadow and Jing our sense.

a name. But no man can purchase his virtuo Essential honor must be in a friend,

too dear; for it is the only thing whose value Not such as every breath fans to and fro;

must ever increase with the price it has com But born within, is its own judge and end, (know. us. Our integrity is never worth so much as

And dares not sin, though sure that none should when we have parted with our all to keep it. Where friendship's spoke, honesty's understood; Similitudes are like songs in love; for none can be a friend that is not good.

They much describe, tho' nothing prove. BRONSON. 14

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