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628. JUDGING- demands a grave, steady look, Anecdote. In the early perial of the with deep attention, the countenance altogether French revolution, when the throne and the clear froin any appearance, either of disgust, or altar had been overturned, a Benedictine favor : the pronunciation slow, distinct, and emphatical, accompanied with little action, and that monastery was entered, by a devastating band, very grave.

its inmates treated with wanton and unpro.

voked cruelty, and the work of demolition If you refuse to wed Demetrius

and plunder going on,—when a large body Either must you die the death, or abjure,

of the inhabitants rallied, drove the spoilers Forever, the society of men,

away, but secured the ringleaders, whom they Therefore, fair Hermia, question your desires, know of your youth, examine well your blood,

would have severely punished, had not the Whether, not yielding to your father's choice,

ablot, who had received the worst indignities You can endure the livery of a nun;

from these very leaders, rushed forward to For aye-to be in a shady cloister mew'd; protect them. “ I thank you, my children," Cheunting faint hymns to the cold fruisless moon. said he, “ for your seasonable interference; Take time to pause, and, by the next new moon, let us, however, show the superiority of reli(The sealing day betwixt my love and me, gion, by displaying our clemency, and sufferFor everlasting bond of fellowship,)

ing them to depart." The ruthians were overUpon tal day, either prepare to die,

powered by the abbot's humanity, fell at his For disobedience to your father's will,

feet, entreated his benediction and forgiveness. Os else-10 wed Demetrius, as he would, Or on Diana's altar to protesi

But yonder-comes the powerful king of day, For age-austerity-and single life.

Rejoicing in the east. The less'ning cloud,

The kindling azure, and the mountain's brow, Miscellaneous. 1. In opening a cause, Mum'd with fluid gold, his near approach give a general view or the grounds on which Betoken glad. Lo, now, apparent all the charge is made, and of the extent, magni- Aslant the dew-bright carth, and color'd air, tude, tendency, and effect of the crime al- He looks-in boundless majesty abroad; ledged. 2. There is some consolation for dull And sheds the shining day, ihat, burnislı’d, plays authors, that the confectioner may put good on rocks, and hills, and tow'rs, and wand'ring into their books, if they fail to do it themselves. High gleaming from afar.

(stream?, 3. Uncle Toby's oath: “ The accusing spirit, Varieties. 1. Should we be governed by which flew up to heaven's chancery, with the our feelings, or by our judgment? 2. Earths, oath, blushed-as he gave it in; and the re. waters, and ai mospheres—are the three gecording angel-dropped a tear upon it, and neral elements, of which all natural things blotted it out forever. 4. Would not many are made. 3. The human body is composed persons be very much surprised, if their ideas of all the essential things which are in the of heavenly joys, should be exhibited here- world of nature. 4. The threc periods of our after, to show them their falsity ? 5. Beauty development are-infancy, including the first is given, to remind us, that the soul should be seven years; childhood--the second seven, kept as fair and perfect in its proportions, as and youth—the third seven; the close of the temple in which it dwells; the spirit of which,-is the beginning of manhood. 5. beauty tiows in, only where these proportions Adolescence—is that state, when man begins are harmonious. 6. Can any one be a lover to think, and actfor himself, and not from of truth, and a searcher after it, and yet turn the instruction, and direction of others 6. his back on it, when presented, and call for The cerebellum, and consequently, the vomiracles ? 7. The aphorism, “ Know thy- luntary principle of the mind, never sleeps ; self," is soon spoken, but one is a long time but the cerebrum, and of course, the reasonin obeying it; Gracian—was placed among ing facultydoes. 7. Beware of the erronethe seven wise men of Greece, for having ous opinion, that you must be remarkably been the author of the maxim; but never, re original; and that to speak, and write, unplied the sage, was any one placed there for like anybody else, is a great merit. having performed it. Who painted Justice blind, did not declare 'Tis certain, greatness, once fallen out with fortuna What magistrates should be, but what they are : Must fall out with men 100: what the declin'd is, Not so much, 'cause they rich and poor should weigh He shall as soon read—in the eyes of others, in their just scales alike; but, because they,

As feel—in his own fall: for men, like butterflics, Now blind with bribes, are grown so weak of sight, Show not their mealy wings. but to the summer They'll sooner fed a cause, than see it right.

He stood up
Justice, painted blind,

Firm in his better strength, and like a tres
Infers, his ministers are obliged to hear

Rooted in Lebanon, his frame bent not. The cause ; and truth, the judge, determine of it; His thin, white hairs-had yielded to the wind, And not sway'd or by faror, or affection,

And left his brow uncovered; and his face, By a false gloss, or corrected comment, alter Impressed with the stern majesty of grief, The true intent and letter of the law,

Nerved to a solemn duty, now stood forth Man's rich with litt's, were his judgment true. Like a rent rock, submissive, yet sublime.

MELANCHOLY-discloses ils symptoms accord ing to the sentiments and passions of the minds it affects. An ambitious man fancies himselt a lord, statesman, minister, king, emperor, or monarch, and pleases his mind with the vain hopes of even future preferment. The mind of a covetous man sees nothing but his re or eq and looks at the most valuable objects with an eye of hope, or with the fond conceit, that they are already his own. A love-sick brain adores, in romantic strains, the lovely idol of his heart, or sighs in real misery, at her fancied frowns.

And a scholar's mind evaporates in the fumes 329. MALICE, or Spite, is a habitual malevo

of imaginary praise and literary distinction. lence, long continued, and watching occasion to Anecdote. Routs. “How strange it is," exert itself on the hated object; this hateful dis- said a lady, “ that fashionable parties should position sets the jaws and gnashes the teeth, be called routs? Why, rout, formerly sig the mouth horizontally, clinches the fists, and nified—the defeat of an army; and when bends the elbows in a straining manner to the soldiers were all put to flight, or to the sword, body; the tone of voice, and expression, are they were said to be routed!“This title much the same as in anger, but not so loud ; which see. These two engravings represent, the has some propricty too ;" said an observer ou smaller one, revengeful hatred, and the other, men and things, "for at these meetings, abhorrence, fear, contempt, without power, or whole families are frequently routed out of courage.

house and home." How like a fawning publican he looks !

Varieties. 1. Agriculture— is the true I hate him, for he is a christian,

foundation of all trade and industry; and But more, for that, in low simplicity, He .ends out money gratis, and brings doron

of course, the foundation of individual and

national riches. 2. When the moon, on a The rates of usance, here with us in Venice. If I can catch him-once upon the hip,

clear, autumnal evening, is moving through I will feed fat-the ancient grudge I bear him.

the heavens in silent glory, the earth-seems He hates our sacred nation, and he rails,

like a slumbering bahe, smiling in its sleep, (Even there where merch’nts most do congregate, because it dreams of heaven. 3. The truths On my bargains, and my well-won thrift; of science are not only useful, in themselves, Which he calls interest. Cursed be my tribe,

.but their influence is exceedingly beneticial If I forgive him.

in mental culture. 4. Let your amusements 530. MELANCHOLY, or Fixed Grief, is be select and temperate, and such as will fit gloomy, sedentary, and motionless. The you for the better performance of your du. lower jaw falls, the lips are pale, the eyes castties; all others are positively injurious. 5. down, half shut, the eyelids swollen and red, Raise the edifice of your virtue and happior livid tears trickling silently and unmixed, ness, on the sure foundation of true religion, with total inattention to anything that passes. or love to God, and love to man. 6. That Words, if any, are few, and those dragged out will be well and speedily done in a family or rather than spoken; the accents weak and community, when each one does his part interrupted, sighs breaking into the middle faithfully. 7. Eloquence--is the power of of words and sentences.

seizing the attention, with irresistable force, There is a stupid weight-upon my senses ;

and never permitting it to elude the grasp, A dismal sullen stillness, that succeede

till the hearer has received the conviction, The storin of rage and grief, like silent death, that the speaker intends. After the tumult, and the noise of life. (like it ; That I must die, it is my only comfort; Would-it were death; as sure, 'tis wondrous Death-is the privilege of human nature, For I am sick of living. My soul is peeld: And life, without it, were not worth our taking , She kindles not anger, or revenge,

Thither the poor, the prisoner, and the mourner, Love--was the informing, active fire within: Fly for relief, and lay their burthen's down. Now that is quenched, the mass forgets to move, Come then, and take me into thy cold arms, and longs to—with its kindred earth. Thou ineagre shade; here, let me breathe my lase. The glance

Charmed, with my father's pity and forgiveness of melancholy-is a fearful gif;

More than if angels tuned their golden viols, What is it, but the telescope of truth?

And sung a requiem-to my parting soul.
Which strips the distance of its phantasies,

On the sands of life
And brings life near-in utter nakedness, Sorrow treads heavily, and leaves a print,
Making the cold reality-too real !

Time cannot wash away; while Joy trips by Moody and dull melancholy,

With steps so light and soft, that the next wave Kinsman to grief and comfortless despair. Wears his faint foot-falls out. Wirth makes the man, and want of it the fellow. I and coming events-cast .heir shadows before.


531. PARDONING — differs from acquitting, in Admiration and Love. There is a wide mis-the latter---means clearing a person, after difference between adiniration and love. The trial, of guilt; whereas, the former--supposes guilt, and signifies merely deliroting the guilty person sublime, which is the cause of the former, alfrom punishment; pardoning requires some de- ways dwells on great objects, and terrible; gree of severity of aspect, and one of voice, be the latter on small ones, and pleasing; we cause the pardoned one is not an object of active; submit to what we admire, but we love what uninixed approbation; otherwise, ils expression is much the same as granting; which see. submits to us; in one case we are forced, in

the other we are flattered, into compliance. We pardon thee; live on, the state hath need of Laconics. 1. Every one, who would be w Huinility and gratitude for this our gift, (men. orator, should study Longinus on the sublime. ? May make a man of thee.

Many of our books, containing pieces for decloGreat souls-forgive rot injuries, till time

mation, remind one of a physician's leaving mediHas put their enemies within their power,

cine with a patient, without directions how to tak: That they may show-forgiveness—is their own.

it. 3. Would it not be well for some competent That thou may'st see the difference of our spirits,

person to compile a work, to be called " Songs of

the People," for all trades and avocations ? 4. LotI pardon thee thy life, before thou ask it:

lers and words are like the notes of a tune, rep. For half thy wealth, it is Antonio's;

resentative of sounds and ideas. 5. Descriptive The other half-comes to the general state;

speech and writing, are like landscape painting. Which humbleness-may drive into a fine.

6. The natural world is an allegory, the meaning 532. PERPLEXITY, IRRESOLUTION, ANXIETY, of which we may find in ourselves. 7. Were a are always attended with some degree of fear; it spectator to come from the other world, into many collects the body together, as if for gathering up of our congregations, he would regard the sing. the arms upon ihe breast, rubs the forehead, the eyebrows contracied, the head hanging on the ing, and perhaps the worship, as any thing but breast, the eyes cast downward, the mouth shut, devotional. the lips cumpressed; suddenly, the whole body is

Varieties. 1. He, who will peep into a agitated, alters its aspect, as having discovered something; then, falls into contemplation as be- drawer, will likely be tempted to take somefore; the motions of the body are restless and une thing out of it; and he, who steals a cent in qual; sometimes moving quick, and sometimes his youth, will be very apt to steal a dollar in Slow'; the pauses, in speaking to another, long, the manhood. 2. A great change in life, is like a tone of voice uneven, the sentences broken and unfinished; sometimes talks 10 himself, or makes cold bath in winter ; we all hesitate to make grimaces, and keeping half of what arises in the the first plunge. 3. The farther you advance mind.

in any art, or science, the more will you be Yes;uis Emilia :-by and by-she's dead.

delighted with simplicity of manner, and less 'Tis like she comes to speak of Cassio's death;

attracted by superficial ornament. 4. One of The noise was high ;-ha! no more moving?

the grand objects of education is to collect Still as the grave

Shall she come in? wer't good? I think she stirs again. No. What's the best?

principles and apply them to practice; and If she come in, she'll speak to my wife.

when this is generally done, mankind will Anecdote. Peter the Great made a law,

be brought nearer to equality. 5. It is as imin 1722, that if any nobleman beat, or ill possible for us to understand a thing, without treated his slaves, he should be looked upon mind's eye, as it is to see any thing, without

having the image of it on the retina of the as insane, and a guardian be appointed, to take care of his person and estate. The great having its image on the retina of the bodily monarch once struck his gardener, who, be- eye. 6. Is not the education of chillren, for ing a man of great sensibility, took to his bed, moral and religious duty, we are called up.

time and eternity, the highest social, civil, and died in a few days. Peter, on hearing of

on to perform? this, exclaimed, with tears in his eyes: I have civilized my subjects; I have conquered other A Deitybeliev'd, is joy begun; nalions ; yet I have not been able to civilize A Deity adord, ig joy adranc'd; and conquer myself.

A Deity belov'd, is joy matur't. There is no remedy for time naisspent,

Each branch of piety delight inspires: No healing-for the waste of idleness,

Faith-builds a bridge from this world 10 the nero Whose very languor—is a punishment

O’er death's dark gulf, and all its horror hides; Hcavier than active soulcan feel or guess.

Praise, the sweet exhalation of our joy, () hours of indolence and discontent,

That joy exalts, and makes it sweeter still; Not nou to be redeemed! ye sting not less Pray'r ardent opens heav'n, lets down a stream Because I know-this span of life was lent Of glory, on the consecrated hour For lofty duties, not for selfishness;

Of man-in audience with the Deity. Not to be whiled away in aimless dreams,

Some-ne'er advance a judgment of their own But to improve ourselves—and serve mankind, Bul catch the spreading notions of the toron;

Life-and its choicest faculties were given. They reason and conclude from precedent, Man should be ever belter-than lie seems : And own stale notions, which they ne'er invent

And slape his acts, and discipline his mind, Some judge of authors' names, not works; and then To walk idorning earth, with hope of herren! Nor praise, nor blame .he writings, but the mena


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533. MODESTY-is a diffidence of ourselves, Punishments. There are dreadfui pus accompanied with delicacy in our sense of what-ishments enacted against thieves ; but it were ever is niean, indirect, or dishonorable, or a fear of doing these things, or of having then imputed much better to make such good provisions, by

Submission is an humble sense of our which cvery man might be put in a method how inferiority, and a quiet surrender of our power to live, and so be preserved from the fatal necer to a superior. Modesty bends the body forward; sity of stealing, and of being imprisoned, or dying has a placid, downcast countenance, bends the

for it. eyes to the breast, if not to the feet, of the superior chararter: the voice is low, the tone sub Variettes. 1. Some politicians consider Etuissive, and the words few. Submission adds honesty excellent in theory, -and policy safe :0 them a lower bending of the head, and a in practice; thus admitting the absurd theory, spreading out of the arms and hands, down-that principles entirely false, and corrupt in wards towards the person submitted to. the abstract, are more salutary in their prac. Now, good my lord,

tical manifestation, than principles essentially Let there be some more test of my metal,

good and true. 2. In public and private lite, Before so noble, and so great a figure,

in the learned and unlearned professions, in

scenes of business, and in the domestic circle, Be stamped upon it.

the masterpieceofman is decision of character. O noble sir!

3. The moral sense of the people, is the sheet. Your erer kindnesss doth wring tears from me ; anchor, which alone can hold the vessel o. I do embrace your offer, and dispose,

state, amidst the storms that agitate the world.

4 True religion has nothing to fear, but much From henceforth, of poor Claudia.

to hope, from the progress of scientific truths. As lamps burn silent with unconscious light, 5. A writer or speaker should aim so to So modest ease in beauty shines more bright; please, as to do his hearers and readers the Unaiming charms, with edge resistless fall, greatest amount of good. 6. It is not the And she who means no mischief, does it all.

part of a lover of truth, either to cavil or re5:34. Pride. Wlien our esteem of ourselves, ners are evidence of low breeding.

ject, without due examination. 7. Il man. or opinion of our own rank or merit is so high, as to lessen the regard due to the rank and

As turns a flock of geese, and, on the green, merit of others, it is called pride: when it sup- Poke out their foolish necks in alvkward spleen, poses others below our regard, it is contempt, (Ridiculous in rage !) to hiss, not bite, scorn, or disdain. Pride assimes a loity look, bordering on the look and aspect of anger. The So war their quills, when sons of Dullness write. eves full and open, but with the eye-brow con Clear as the glass, his spotless fame. siderably drawn down, the mouth pouring out.

And lasting diamond writes his name. but mostly shit, and the lips contracted: the words walk out and strut, and are uttered with

All jealousy a slow, stiff, bombastic affectation of importance; Must still be strangled in its birth : or time the hands sometimes rest on the hips, with the Will soon conspire to make it strong enough elbows brought forward in the position called a-kimbo; the feet at a distance from each other,

To overcome the truth. and the steps long and stately. Obstinacy- When satire flies abroad on falsehood's wing, odds to the aspect of pride.

Short is her life, and impotent her sting; Worcester! get thee gone ; for I do see

But, when to truth allied, the wound she gives Danger and disobedience in thine eye:

Sinks deep, and to remotest ages lives. O sir, your prestice is too bold and peremptory,

Every man in this age has not a soul And majesty--might never yet endure

Of crystal, for all men to read their actions (der, The moody frontier, of a servant's brow;

Thro': men's hearts and faces are so far asunYou have good leave to leave us ; when we need

That they hold no intelligence.
Your use and counsel, we shall send for you.
Did'st thou not think, such vengeance

Something heavy on my spirit, ust await

Too dull for wakefulness, too quick for slumber, The wretch that with his crimes all fresh about Rushes, irreverent, unprepared, uncalled, [him, which will not let the sunbeams through, nor yet

Sits on me as a cloud along the sky, Into his Maker's presence, throwing back,

Descend in rain and end, but spreads itself With insolent disdain, his choicest gifts ?

'Twixt earth and heaven, like envy between Anecdote. One of the emperors of China

(mar met a procession, conducting some malefac- | And man, an everlasting mist.

SONNET. tors to punishment. On being informed of the facts, he burst into tears , when one of

Like an enfranchised bird, that wildl springs, liis courtiers endeavored to comfort him, say

With a keen sparkle in his glancing ve, ing, "In a commonwealth, there must be

And a strong effort in his quivering wings,

Up to the blue vault of the happy sky, punishment; it cannot be avoided, as man

So my enamor'd heart, so long thine own, kind now are.” His majesty replied, “ I weep

At length fmm Love's imprisonment set free not, to see those men prisoners, nor to see

Goeg forth into the open world alone, them chastised; I know the good must be

Glad and exulting in its liberty: protected from the bad; but I weep, because

But like that helpless bini (npfind so long, my time is not so happy as that of oul was, His weary wings have lost all power to sol, when the virtues of the princes were such, Who soon forgets to trill his joyous song, that they served as a bridle to the people, and And feebly fluttering, sinks to earth once mon their cumple was sufficient to restrain a

So, from its former bonds released in vain, whole kingdom.

My heart still feels the weight of that remember'd &!a. To reconi Almighty works,

Whole years of joy gl de unperceived away, What words, or longue, of seraph-can suffice ? While sorrow counts the minutes as they pawa

535. TRIMISING is expressed by benevolent Laconics. 1. We must be 11 611 2c ed ly all eks, a sofi hui earnest voice, and sometimes by things of one thing, if we would know that one u.clining the hend, or nod of consent; the hands open with palm upward, toward the person 10 thing thoroughly. 2. The evolution of the natura whom the promise is made : sincerity in promising sciences, amounts to the creation of a new sphsre, is express'd by laying the hand gently on the in the human mind. 3. All truths, scientific, philo heart.

sophical and theological, are in perfect harmony I'll deliver all,

with each other. 4. The use, or effect, which proAnd promise you calm seas, auspicious gales, duces the end, must be the first point of analytic And sall, so erpeditious, it shall catch

inquiry; i. e. first the fact, or result, and ther., tie Your royal fleet far off.

reasoning upon it. 5. When it is impossible, lo I will be true to thee, preserve thee ever,

trace effects to visible causes, the mental sight intot The sad companion of this tàithful breast; lake up, and complete the operation. 6. There is While life, and thought remain.

a universal analogy between all the spheres of Where'er I go, my soul shall stay with thee;

creation, natural, mental and spiritual, and Onla Tis but my shadow, that I take away.

tween nature, and all things in human society.

Nature—is simple and easy, it is man that is diffi 336. REFTSINS, - when accompanied with

cult and perplexed. displeasure, is done nearly the same way as dismissing with displeasure: without it-it is done Genius. They say of poets, that they must with a visible reluctance, that occasions the bring. be born such; so must mathematicians, so ing out the words slowly, with such a sliake of must great generals, and so must lawyers, the head, and shrug, as is natural on hearing and so, indeed, must men of all denominasomething that gives us a screw of the shoulders, tions, or it is not possible that they should and hesitation in the speech. as implies perplexity excel; but with whatever faculties we are between granting and refusing; as in the follow- born, and to whatever studies our genius nay ing example of refusing to lend money :

direct us, studies they still inust be. Nature They answer--in a joint and corporate voice,

gives a bias to respective pursuits; and this That now they are a falt-want treasure-cannot strong propensity is what we mean by genius. Do what they wou.d; are borry, (you are honorable) Milton did not write his Paradise Lost; nor But yet they could have wished-(they know not) Homer his Iliad; nor Newton his Principia, Something hath been amiks-(a noble nature

without immense labor. May catch a wrench)-would all were well-- tis pity;

Light grief is proud of suate, and courts compassina: And so intending other serious matter, Aster distasteful looks and other hard fractions

But there's a digniy-in cureless sorrow, With certain half caps, and co.u-sooving woras

A sullen grandeur, which disdains complaint; They froron me into rüence.

Rage is for little wrongs-despair—is dumb. Pride. The disesteem and contempt of Let coward guilt, with pallid fear, others is inseparable from pride. It is hardly To shelt'ring carerns fly, possible to overvalue ourselves, but by under

And justly-dread the vengeful fate, valuing our neighbors ; and we commonly

That thunday through the sky. most undervalue those, who are, by other men, thought to be wiser than we are; and it is a

Protected by that hand, whose lau, kind of jealousy in ourselves that they are so,

The threatning surms obey, which provokes our pride.

Intrepid virtue-smiles secure, They said, her cheek of youth was beautiful,

As in the blaze of day. Till withering sorrow blanch'd the white rose there;

Varieties. 1. When you can do it, with. But grief did lay his icy finger on li,

out injury to truth and mercy, always avoid

a quarrel and a lawsuit. 2. When the founAnd childd it-10 a cold and joyless statue.

dation of our hope is assailed, ought we not Anecdote. Garrick and Hogarth, sitting to contend, earnestly, for the faith once deliv. together one day, mutually lamented the ered to the saints? 3. When there is a right want of a picture of Fielding; “I think," said desire, and an untiring industry, there will, Garrick, "I could make his face;" which he eventually, be the reward of light. 4. They, did accordingly. “For heaven's sake, hold," who understand most of a subject, will be ve said Hogarth, " remain as you are a few min- ry indulgent to those, who know but little of utes;" he did so, while the painter sketched it. 5. If we are unwilling to do anything for the outlines, which were afterwards finished ourselves, how can we expect others will do from their mutual recollection: and this draw- much for us? 6. Every deceiver, whether by ing was the original of all the portraits we word, or deed, is a liar, and no one, that has have of the admired Tom Jones.

been once deceived by him, will fail to skun, He that holds fasi the golden nean,

if not despise him.

Whether present, or absent, you always appear, And lives, contentedly, between

A youth-most beweilchingiy pleasaat, The little--and the great,

For when you are present, you're absent-my dear; Feels not the wants--thai pinch the poor,

And when you are absent you're present. Nor plagues—that haunt the rich man's door, How charming—is divine philosophy! Imbittering-all his state.

Not harsh and crabbed, as dull fools suppose, The talles: pines-feel most--the power

Bu: musical as is Apollo's lute, Of wintry blast; the loftiest lower

And a perpetual feast--of neci&r'd sweets, Comes heaviest--10 the ground.

Where no crude surfeit reigns. The bolls-that span the mountain side,

Seeming devotion doth but gild the knare, His cloud-capt eminence-divide;

That's neither farthful, honest, just nor brate, And spread the ruin round.

But where religion doila---with virtue join, Nature-is frugal, and her wants are few. It makes a hero-like an angel shine.

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