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560. POLYGLOTT OF BODY AND Mind. Anecdote. No hero was more dishn. Thus, we see that the body, in connection guished in ancient times, than Alexander the with the mind, speaks many languages; and Great, king of Macedon. His courage was he is a learned elocutionist, who un lerstands undaunted, his ambition boundless, his friend. and can speak them. In view of which, well ship ardeni, his taste refined; and what was might Hamlet exclaim,“ WHAT A PIECE OF very extraordinary, he seems to have conWORK IS MAN!” Observe well this strange tersed with the same fire and spirit, with being, as embodied in the works of the pain which he fought. Philip, his father, knowing ter, and statuury: in what kingly wondrous him to be very swift, wished him to run for manner, appear his force of attitude and the prize, at the Olympic games. “I would looks! Who, but would covet the glorious comply with your request,” said Alexander, art of making the flat canvas and rocky “if Kings were to be my competitors.” marble, utter erery passion of the human
The ocean-when it rolls aloudmind, and touch the soul of the spectator, as is the picture, or statue, spoke the pathetic
The tempest-bursting from her cloud, language of a Shakspeare?' Is it any wonder
In one unirterrupted peal! that master y action, joined with powerful
When darkness sits amid the sky; elocution, should be irresistible? If poetry, And shadowy forms go trooping by; music, and stułuary, is good, is not on ATONY And everlasting mountains reel-more excellent? for in that we have them all.
All all of this is Freedom's song--
'Tis pealed--'tis pealed eternally!
Garbled extracts from any work, are no more
a correct representation of the work, than 561. THE WRITTEN PAGE can but ill ex- fair specimen of a splendid palace. 3. Never press the nicer shades of sentiment, passion, let private interest, poverty, disgrace, danger, and emotion which the poet has painted. or death, deter you—from asserting the libera There are depths of thought, which the eye ty of your country, or from transmitting to cannot penetrate—and sublimities of flight, posterily, the sacred rights to which you which it cannot reach. The loveliest and were born. 4. What are the pleasures of the sublimest of written poetry—even that con- bodily senses, without the pleasures of the tained in sacred scripture—cannot speak to soul? 5. Themistocles, when asked to play the eye with that vivid power and intensity of the lute, replied, I cannot play the fiddle, but expression, drawn from it by the human voice, I can make a little village a great city. 6. when trained to the cupacity, given to it, by The skin--co-operates with the lungs in puthe Creator. Hence, the ordained efficiency rifying the blood. 7. How shall we know of preaching; hence, the trembling of Felix, that the American government, is founded as the great Apostle reasoned—“ of righteous on the true principles of human nature.? By ess, temperince, and julgment to come.” | learning what the true principles of human $11, with the production of the most consum- natureare and an extensive induction of facts, mate human genius:
derived from the study of history, and our For ill-can poetry express,
My life-on earth--withdrawn;
'Twill be--but as a fleeting shade But, by the mighty actor's power,
Of night--before the daron!
For I shall spring-beyond the tomb,
To neu-immortal prime,
Where all is light, and life, and bloon ;
We were so close within each other's breast, and INFINITE WISDOM-displayed in man's The rivets were not found, that join'd us firsi, REDEMPTION and SALVATION.
That does not reach us yet: we were so miz'd. Could we, with ink, the OCEAN fill,
As meeting streams; both to ourselves were lost Were the whole earth-a PARCHMENT-made, We were one mass; we could not give, or tats Were every single stick-a QUILL,
But from the same : for he was l; I, he: And every man--a SCRIBE by trade;
Return, my better hals, and give me all nyself, To write the LOVE OF GOD-to man,
For thou art all! Would drain the ocean dry;
If I have any joy when thou art absent, Nor would the scroll-contain the plan,
I grudge it to myself : methinks I rob
Thee-of thy part.
563. GESTURL.Or a just and elegant ad A Great Mistake. The souls of the rich so aptation of every part of the body to the sub- often die poor--and the sons of the poor so often ject, is an essential part of oratory; and its die rich, that it has grown into a proverb; and yel, power is much greater than that of worils : for it is the language of nature, and makes its how many parents are laboring and toiling to acway to the heart, without the utterance of a
cumulate wealth for their children, and, at the single word: it atfects the eye, (which is the
same time, raising them up in habits of indolence quickest of all our senses,) and of course, con- and extraragance. Their sons will scatter their veys impressions more speedily to the mind, property much sooner than they can gather it io. than that of the voice, which affects the ear gether. Let them have their heads well stored wib only. Nature, having given to every senti- useful knowledge, and their hearts with sound and ment and feeling its proper outward express virtuous principles, and they will ordinarily iako sion, what we often mean, does not depend so much on our words, as on our manner of
care of themselves. However affluent may be his speaking them. Arl-only adds ease and circumstances, yet every parent inflicts upon lus gracefulness, to what nature and reuson dic-son a lasting injury, who does not train him up 10 tate. Study the Gesture Engravings thor- habits of virtue, industry and economy. oughly.
Anecdote. Francis I., king of France, All natural ohjects have
(opponent and rivul of Charles V., of Ger: An echo in the heart. This flesh doth thrill,
many,) consulting with his generals, how to And bar comection, by some unseen chain, lead his army over the Alps into Italy, his With its original source and kindred substance: fool, Amarel, sprung from a corner, and adThe mighty forest, the proud lides of ocean, vised him to consult how to bring them back Sky-cleaving hills, and in the vast air,
again. The starry constellations, and the sun,
A child is born. Now take the germ, and make it Parent of life exhaustless these maintain
A bud of moral beauty. Let the dews With the mysterious mind and breathing mould, Or knowledge, and the light of virtue, wake it A coexistence and community.
In richcet fragrance, and in purest hues ;
The shelter of affection-ne'er resuse,
From its weak stem of life,--and it shall lose
Ilath swell’d one pleasure, or subdued one pain,
0, who shall say, that it has lived in rain, However fugitive-ils breathing hour?
For virtue-leaves its sweets wherever tastel,
Varieties. 1. All those, who have presented themselves at the door of the world, with a great truth, have been received with stones, or hisses. 2. Who las not observed the changed, and changing condition of the human race? 3. We are indebted to the
monastic institutions for the preservation of Stretch of Thought. A fellow-student, ancient libraries.
4. No good can bring in consequence of too close application to pleasure, unless it be that, for the loss of study, and neglect of proper diet and exercise, which we are prepared. 5. They, who sacbecame partially deranged; but being, very
ritice at the altar of Apollo, are like those, harmless, it was thought best that he should who drink of the waters of Claros; they rego and come when, and where he pleased; ceive the gift of divination, they imbibe the in hope of facilitating his restoration. One seeds of death. 6. The same misconduct Saturday afternoon, he went out through the which we pardon in ourselves, we condemn gardens and fields, and gathered every variety in others; because we associate a palliation of flowers, from the modest violet to the gaudy with the one, which we cannot perceive in sunflower, -with which he adorned himsel
the other. 7. What constitutes true mar from head to foot, in the most fantastical riage.
Sheba-was never manner; in which condition he was displaying his imaginary kingly power, on a hillock More cautious of wisdom, and far vinnun in the college green, just as the president and Than this pure soul shall be ; one of the professors were going up to attend Truth-shall muse her, chapel prayers; when the former observed to Holy and heavenly thoughts—still counsel her. the latter-what a great pity that such a noble mind should be thus in ruins! the maniac Can you raise the dead! hearing what he said, rose majestically upon Pursue, and overlake—the waves of time ? his throne, and with a most piercing look and Bring back again—the hours, the days, voice, exclaimed; “What is that you say, old The months, the years, that made me happy? president? you presume to talk thus about The heart has tendrils-like the vine, me? Solomon, in all his glory, was not ar- Which round another's bosom iwine, rayed as I am. You old sinner, come here ; and I will tear you limb from limb,—and Outspringing from the living treescatter you through infinite space ; 'where of deeply-planted sympathy; Omniscience cannot find you, nor Omnipo- Where flowers- are hope, its fruits-are bliss, lence put you together again.
Beneficence—its harvest is.
MADNESS AND TERROR.
364. VEVEMENCE OF Action. Cicero Three Modes of Forming Theories. very judiciously observes, that a speaker One-10 imagine them, and then search for facts must remit, occasionally, the vehemence of 10 sustain, prove and confirm them; one-to colhis actions, and not utter every passage with all the force, of which he is capable ; so as to leci
facts, which are only effects, and out of them set off, more strongly, the emphatical parts; to form theories; and one-to observe all these as painters make their figures stand out bold-facts, and look through them to their causes; which cr, by means of light and shades: there are causes constitute the only true theories : chen, all always strong points, as they may be called, knoron or probable effects, will not only confirm in every well written piece, which must al such theories, but they can be explained by these ways be attended to,—thus hill and dale, theories. Hence, the true theories of all things, mountain and precipice, cataract and gulph: will explain and demonstrate all things, so far as always keep some resources, and never ut. ter the weaker with all your energy; for if they can be seen and understood ; i. e. rationally you do, there will be a failing in the strong perceived, according to the state and capacity of the points—the most pathetic parts.
human mind. That which enables one to aplain a In peace, there's nothing so becomes a man,
thing, analytically and synthetically, is the truc As modest stillness, and humility :
cause or theory of that thing; thus, true theories But, when the blast of war blows in our eas,
are the causes of things, and facts are the legitiThen, imitate the action of the tiger ;
mate effects of those things. The ENDS OF THINGS. Suffen the sinews, summon up the blood,
There is one step higher, which must be taken, Disguise fair nature rith hard-favor'd rage;
and then we shall have all, that the hunan mind Then lend the eye a terrible aspect ;
can conceive of, or think about; which is the end Let it pry through the portage of the head,
of things : thus we have ends, causes, and effects; Like the brass cannon ; let the brow o'erwhelm it, beyond which sphere, man cannot go; for every As fearfully, as doth a galled rock
thing, object or subject, concerning which we can O‘erhang and jutty his confounded base,
feel, think or act, is either an end, a cause, or an Swill’d with the wild and wasteful ocean.
effect; the latter only, are accessible 10 our senses. Now set the teeth, and stretch the nostril wide;
the other must be seen intellectually: i. e. in a re. Hold hard the breath and bend up every spirit
gion of mind above our senses. To his full height!-On, on! you noblest English. Varieties. 1. Can what is incomprehen
465. THE FOREHEAD. To what specta. sible, be an object of thought? 2. Humani. tor can the forehead appear uninteresting? ty, justice, and patriotism--are qualities of ANXIETY, STUPIDITY, IGNORANCE,and vice. way to expel what is false from the mind, is On this brazen tablet are engraved MANY com
to receive the opposite truth. 4. Faithbinations of sense and of soul. Here, all saving, when we learn truths from the Bible, the Graces revel, and all the Cyclops thun- and live according to them. 5. A man is der. Nature has left it bare, that by it, the said to be square, when he does not, from incountenance may be ENLIGHTENED and justice, incline to this or that party. 6 The DARKENED. At its lowest extremities, power of the muscles, is derived through the THOUGHTS --appear changed into acts; the nerves, as the power of good is from truth mind HERE collects the powers of RESIST
7. Nothing remains with us, that is not re ANCE; and HERE headlong OBSTINACY, or
ceived in freedom. wise PERSEVERANCE take up their fixed Look nature through ; 'tis revolution all: (nizhi abode.
All change; no death. Day-follows night and That brow, which was, to me, The dying day; stars rise, and set, and rise; A blooming heaven (it was a heaven, for there
Earth-takes the example. See, the Summer, gay Shone forth twin stars of excellence, so brightly,
With her green chaplet—and ambrosial fiowers, As though the winds of paradise had fann'd
Droops into pallid Autumn: Winter, gray, Their orbed lustre, till they beam'd with love ;)
Horrid with frost, and turbulent with storm, That brow—was as the sleep-imprison'd lake, Blows Autumn, and his golden fruits, away ;Treasuring the beauty of the deep blue skies,
Then, melts into the Spring. Soft Spring, with Whose charm'd slumber, one small breath will ruffle
Favonian, from warm chamb'ss of the south, (breath Anecdote. A commonwealth's man, in Recalls the first. AH, 10 re-flourish, fades; England, on his way to the scaffold, for As in a wheel, all sinks to re-ascend truth's sake, saw his wife, looking at him Emblems of man, who passes, not expires. from the tower window, and standing up in the cart he waved his hat, and cried," To Say, dear, will you not have me? HEAVEN, my love, to HEAVEN, and I leave Then take the kiss—you gave me ; yuu in the storm awhile."
You elsewhere would, perhaps, bestow il We might Lord Herbert write his love
And I would be as loath—to owe it; Were not our souls-immortal made,
Or, if you will not take the thing-once given, Our equal love-would make them such. Let me kiss you, and then, we shall be een Tir sweet to know,--there is an eye-will mark, And then, alone, would Ila mourn; Our coming, and look brighter, when we come. And count the hours, till his return, O, colder-than the wind, that freezes
For when-did woman's love expire, Founts, that but now-in sunshine played,
If fondly farned—the holy fire! as that congealing pang, which seizes
He, that doth public good-for multitudes, The barsting bosom, when betrayed.
Finds few-are truly grateful.
568. Eve. Are not good sense, and good huMOSTHENES,
mor of more advantage than beauty? When Adam the most emi.
is introduced by Milton, describing Eve, in parunent of Gracian
dise, and relating to the ange, the impressions he crators, was
felt on seeing her, at her first creation, he does no born 385 years
represent her-like a Grecian Venus, by her shap? before the
or features, but by the lustre of her mind, which christian era,
shone in them; and gave them their power of and died by
charming : poison, self-ad
Gruce--was in all her steps, heaven-in her eye, ministered, to escape the
In every gesture—dignity, and love. vengeance of
Anecdote. A Humane Driver Rewardede Antipater, 322
A Macedonian soldier, was one day leading B.C. He was
before Alexander a mule laden with gold for celebrated on
the king's use; and the beast being so tirerl, account of the
that he could not go, or sustain the load, his Are, strength,
driver took it off, and, with great difficulty, And wehemence of his elo
carried it himself a considerable way. Alexquence, which
ander, seeing him just sinking under the was excited in
burden, and about to throw it on the ground, rousing the
cried out, "Do not be weary yet; try and car. Athenians to
ry it through to the tent, for it is all ihy own." war with the Macedonians, and in defeaung 1.3 Paint not, heart of man! though yeart wane slovo! rivals, who were bribed by the latter. The char
There have been those, that, from the deepest caver, acteristics of his oratory were, strength, sublimity, And cells of night, and fastnesses, below piercing energy and force, aided by an emphatic,
The stormy dashing of the ocean-waves.and vehement elocution; he sometimes, however,
Down, farther down--than gold lies had, have nursd degenerated into severity. In reading his orations,
A quenchless hope, and watch'd their time, and burst we do not meet with any sentiments that are very
On the bright day, like wakeners from the grav! exalted; they are generally bounded by self-love and a love of the world. His father died when he Varieties. 1. When we g.) Il let us was seven years old; and his guardians having consider what we have to do; on nuen we wasted his property, at the age of seventeen, he return, what we have done. 2. There are appeared agairest them at the court, and plead his many subjects, that are not easily understood; own cause successfully; which encouraged him to but it is easy to misrepresent them; and when speak before the assembly
of the people ; but he arguments cannot be controverted, it is pot made a perfect failure: after which, he retired, difficult for the uncharitable-to calumniate studied and practiced in secret, until he was twen- motives. 3. A man's true character is a greater ty-five, when he came forward again, and com- secret to himself, than to others ; il he judge muraced his brilliant career.
himself, he is apt to be partial; if he asks the in bonest statesman-to a prince-is like
opinions of others, he is liable to be deceiverba Avdar, planted by a spring, which bathes its Roots: the grateful tre-rewards it-with the shadoro.
4. Really learned persons never think of hav.
ing finished their education, for they are stuby tedious toil, --no passion is expressed :
dents during life. 5. The 'insults of others His hand, who feels the strongest, paints the best.
can never make us wretched, or reseniful, if 567. MARCUS
our hearts are right; the viper, that stings us, TULLIUS CICERO, the most distin
is within. 6. Beware of drawing too broad guished of the
and strong conclusions--- from feeble and ill.
defined premises 7. When human policy Poman orators, was born 106
wraps one end of the chain round the ancle of years before the
a man, divine justice rivets the other end round oirth of Christ;
the neck of the tyrant. 8. All who have been and died at the
great, without religion, would undoubtedly age of 63. He
have been much greater, and better--with it. made the Greeks
QUALITIES-SURPASSING LOVELINESS. his rnodel; and,
. She had read as an orator, he possessed the
Her father's well-filled Rbrary--with profit, strength of De
And could talk charmingly. Then she would sing, mos-the-nes, the
And play, too, passably,—and dance with spirit; copiousness of Plato, and the su
She sketch'd from nature well, and studied flosorna arty of I-soc-ra
Which was enough, alone, to love her for; tes. His first
Yet she was knowing-in all needle-workteacher was the
And shone-in dairy,-and kitchen, 100,poel Ar-chi-as; and in docution he was taught by A-pol-lo-ni-us As in the PARLOR. Molo of Rhodes; after which he visited Athens, and The wise man, said the Bible, walks with God, on his return was made questor, and then consul; Surveys far on--the endless line of life; when he rendered the greatest service to the state, Values his soul; thinks of eternity; by the suppression of the conspiracy of Catiline : he was afterwards banished, and voluntarily re
Both worlds conside-s, and provides for both; tired to Grece, but was soon honorably recalled; With reason's eye-his pressions guards; abstains after whicl.. he undertook the prætorship of Cilicia. From evil; lives on hope-on hope, the fruit ed to the party of the latter; and after the battle of of faith; looks upward; purifies his soul; Pharsalia, was reconciled to Cæsar, but was soon Expands his wings, and mounts into the sky; siain by Pompilius, at the instigation of Marc An- Passes the sun, and gains his Father's house; tony.
And drinks-with anges from the fount of bliss. 30
569. RHETORICAL ACTION-respects the atti-correspond. An erect att tude, and a firmness lude, gceture, and expression of the countenance of position, denote majesty, activity, strength Words cannot represent certain peculiarities ; the leaning--affection, respect, earnestness of they depend on the actor. Simplicity, or a strict entreaty. dignity of composure, indifference, disadherence to the modesty of nature-correct
The air of a person expresses a language ness--or adaption to the word-and beauty, as easily understood. The husbandman, dandy, opposed to awkwardness are the principal gentleman and military chief bespeak the habits marks of good action. Beauty belongs to objects and qualities of each. The head gently reclined, of sight. Action should be easy, natural, varied, denotes grief, shame ; erect--courage, firmness; and directed by passion. Avoid affectation and thrown back or shaken-dissent ; forward-as display; for they disgust. The best artists are sent. The band raised and inverted-repele, famous for simplicity, which has an enchanting more elevated and extended-surprise, aston sh. effece. Profuse decorations indicate a wish to ment; placed on the mouth--silence; on the cupply the want of genius by multiplying inferi- head, pain; on the breast-affection, or appeal to or benuties. There is in every one an indis- conscience : elevated-defiance; both raised ani cribable something, which we call nature, that palms united -- supplication; gently clasped pe:ceives and recognizes the inspirations of na-Jihankfulness; wrung-agony. ture; therefore, after bringing your voice under
Anecdote. Tyrolese Songs. In the your control, if you enter fully into the spirit of the composition, and let your feelings prompt children-come out, at bed-time, and sing
mountains of Tyrol, hundreds of women and and govern your action, you cannot greatly err. The victory is lialf won when you fully feel and their national songs, until they hear their husa realize what you read or speak. Resolve to ac- bands, fathers, and brothers, answer them quire the power, the witchery, the soul of elocu- from the hills on their return home. U pon tion---thailightning of ancient times which pour the shore of the Adriatic, the wives of the ed a blaze of light on the darkest understanding, fishermen come down, about sunset, and and that thunder which awakens the dead. sing one of their melodies. They sing the They never fail-who die
first verse, and then listen for sometime:
then they sing a second; and so on, till they In ir great cause: the block-may soak their gore: hear the answer from the fishermen, who Their heads--may sodden in the sun; their limbs are thus guided to their homes. Be strung to city gates-and castle walls
Hail memory, hail! in thy exhaustless mine, But still-their spirit walks abroad. Tho' years From age-lo age, unnumbered treasures shine ! Elapse, and others-share as dark a doom,
Thought, and her shadowy brood, thy call obey, They but augment the deep and swelling thoughts and place, and time, are subject to thy sway: Which overpower all others, and conduct
Thy pleasures most we feel, when most alone, The world, at last, to FREEDOM.
The only pleasures we can call our own. 570. This system teaches you to harmon- Lighter than air, Hope's summer visions fly, ize matter and manner, to imbibe the author's Ir but a fleeting cloud obscure the sky; feelings, to bring before you all the circum- If but a beam of sober Reason play, stances, and plunge amid the living scenes, and teel that what you describe is present, and Lo! Fancy's fairy frost-work melts away: actually passing before you. Speak of truths But, can the wiles of art, the grasp of power, as truths, not as fictions. Give the strongest, snatch the rich relics of a well-spent hour ? treest, truest expression of the natural blend- These, when the trembling spirit takes her figh:, ins of thought and emotion ; break thro' all Pour round her path a stream of living light, arbitrary restraint, and submit, after proper And gild those pure and perfect realms of resh trainings, to the suggestions of reason and Where virtua--triumphs, and her sons are blesł. nature. Let your manner be earnest, collected, vigorous, self-balanced. In the intro Varleties. 1. Costume, when once reguladuction, be respectful, modest, conciliatory, ted by true science, and art, remains in unwinning, rather mild and slow; in the dis- changable good laste;comfortable, convenient, cussion, clear, energetic; in the application, as well as picturesque and becoming. 2. In animated, pathetic, persuasive.
1756, a white headed old woman-died in All--some force obey !
London, whose hair sold for 244 dollars to a Gold--will dissolre, and diamonds-melt away;
ladies' periwig maker. 3. In some countries,
intellect has sway; in some-wealth; and Marble-obeys the chisel, and the sau;
in others-beauty and rank; but the most And solar-beam--a rock of ice will thaw; powerful intluence in the best societies, is The flaming forge o'ercomes well-temper'd steel; goodness combined with truth in pructice: and flinty sluss--is fashioned at the wheel :
4. Merit-in the inheritor, alone makes valid but man's rebellious heart-no power can bend,
an inheritance of glory in ancestrij. 5. Why
does new sueet milk become sour-during a No flames can soften, no concussion--rend;
thunder storm ? 6. Why can no other naTill the pure spirit soften, pierce and melt, tion make a Chinese gong? 7. Is not the And the warm blood--is in the conscience felt. American government founded upon the true
371. Look your hearers in the face--give principles of human nature ? 8. How prone yourself, body and soul, to the subject-let not many are, to worship the creature ‘more ihe attention be divided between the manner than the Creator! 9. 'When apparent truths and matter. Practice in private to establish cor are taken, and confirmed for real ones, they rect habits of voice and gesture, and become so become fallacies. 10. Actions — show best familiar with all rules as not to think of them the natire of the law of life; and deedswhen exercising. The head, face, eyes, hands, show the mim. and upper part of the body are principally em- In all thy buniors, whether grate or meilou, ployed in oratorical action. The soul speaka Thou'rt such a touchy, testy, pleasant fellow; (thee, inost intelligibly in the muscles of the face, and through the eye, which is the chief seat of ex
Hast so much wit, and mirth, and spleen about pression; let ihe internal man, and the external | That there's no living with thee, or roitlout theo