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197. Accent -is made, secondly, by Proverbs. 1. Men of limited attainmeutaQUANTITY; or prolongation of sound, with generally condemn every thing they cannot expulsive force, on long accented vowels; comprehend. 2. Wil—should flow spontaneously; which may be represented either by this en- it cannot be produced by study. 3. Buoyancy of graving
indicative of a spirit-greatly diminishes the pressure of misfor. continuous equal movement of the voice; or, tune. 4. The surest method of being deceived is by this one,
– to consider ourselves - more cunning than which shows the swell, continuous and di- others. 5. Envious persons—always view, with minish in combination; or, the unequal con. proof of mediocrity of intellect—to be addicted 10
an evil eye, the prosperity of others. 6. It is a tinuous. Exs. 1. The a-gent, with ar-dent
story-telling. 7. When we give way to passion, mo-ful e-go-tism, i-dol-i-zed the o-di-ous 00-zy
we do every thing amiss. 8. Truth-needs no u-ni-form, which was fruit-ful in oi-li-ness, disguise, nor does she want embellishment. 9. A from the ou-ter-mosts. 2. The base-ment of mind diseased — cannot bear any thing harsh. the ar-mo-ry, awk-ward-ly e-qual to the i-ro- 10. Never utter what is false, nor hesitate to ny of the o-li-o, was, to the moon-shine of the speak what is true. 11. Trifles-often discover u-ni-verse, as an un-ob-tru-sive moi-e-ty of a a character-more than actions of importance. poun-cet-box.
12. The Bible—is a perfect body of divinity. 198. Prolongation of Sound. Let the pu
Body and Mind. The science of hu. pil take a lesson of the ferryman. A travel- man nature—is valuable, as an introduction er arrives at the brink of a wide river, to the science of the Divine nature; for which he wishes to cross ; one ferry-man is man—was made“ in the image, and after on the other side, and, by chance, one is on the likeness," of his Maker: a knowledge this side: the traveler halloos, in the com- of the former-facilitates that of the latter; mon speaking voice, using principally the and to knovs, revere, and humbly adore, is chest; of course his voice soon becomes dis. the first duty of man. To obtain just and sipated. He is informed that his call cannot impartial views of human nature, we must
not disconnect the object of our study, and be heard: listen to me, says this son of na-consider the mind, body, and actions, each ture; “0
by itself, but the whole man together ; which ver:” making each accented vowel two sec- may be contemplated under two different onds long : try it and see ; extending your aspects, of spirit and of matter ; on the eye and mind at a distance; which will aid body-shines the sun of nature, and on the the prolongation.
that better light, which is the true 199. In exercising on accent, for a time light : here, is a real man, having essence, at least, go to extremes, and make the ac- form, and use, which is clad in the habili. cented vowels as prominent to the ear, as
ments of beauty, and majesty; meeting us the following ones are to the eye ; a-bAse- now, and which will meet us hereafter, as a ment, im-pE-ri-ous, 1-dol-ize, Ö-ver-throw, purely spiritual being, in every possible beal-ti-ful, Oll-mill, OU-ter-most. Ex. stage of his future existence. 1. The lu-na-tic a-bode at the ca-the-dral, Varletles. 1. Can we be a friend, and till the an-nun-ci-rt-tion, that the an-te-di
an enemy at the same time? 2. Every one 12-vi-ans--had con-vey'd the hy-dro-pho-bia should be considered innocent, till he is to Di-g-na of the E-phe-sians. 2. The pa- proved guilty. 3. It is not sufficient i hat you tri-ots and ma-trons of the rev-o-lu-tion, by are heard, you must be heard with pleasure. their liar-mo-ni-ous co-op-e-na-tion, de- 4. There is a great difference between poetry Thrond the ty-rants that were ru-ling our and rhymetry; the former grows, the latter peo-ple with an un-ho-ly rod of i-ron. -is made. 5. If your money is your God,
Anecdote. Raising Rent. “Sir, I in- it will plague you like the Devil. 6. Order tend to raise your rent,"—said a land-holder ---is one, in revelation, man, creation, and -to one of his tenants : to which he replied, the universe ; each-respects the other, and
*** I am very much obliged to you, --for I is a resemblance of it. cannot raise it myself.”
Man-is dear to man; the poorest poor Notes. 1. As vowels are either long or short, different de Long for some moments, in a weary life, grees of length do not affect any one of the long ones, so far as
When they can know, and feel, that they have been the quality of the sound is concerned; the e in de-vise, and the o,
Themselves--the fathers, and the dealers out in do-main-are the same as to length, (nct force,) as they are in ste-cent, do-tard ; thus we have long ac-cented vowels, and long of some small blessings-have been kind to such un accented ones. 2. We make accent by quantity when the As needed kindness ;-for this single cause, acomited vowels are long, and by st. 's when they are short. 3. That we have all of us--a human heart. The stunt vowels are of the same length, but not so the long ones.
Such pleasure-is to one kind being known, “ Blessed is the man,
My neighbor, when, with punctualcare, each woh Who hears the voice of nature; who, retired From bustling life, can feel the gladdening beam,
Duly as Friday comes, though press'd herself The hope, that breathes of Paradise. Thy deeds,
By her own wants, she, from her store of meas, Sweet Peace, are music-to the exulting mind;
Takes one unsparing handful for the scrip
Orthis old mendicant ; and, from her door,
Returning with erhilarated heart,
Sits hy her fire, and builds her hopes in heaven
200. Accent. The intentions of the Anecdote. When Lieutenant O Brien mind--are manifested by the accent of the was blown up, in the Edgar, and thrown on voice, as are those of a tailor, when he makes board, the Admiral, all black and wet, he a gentleman's coat; or of a mantuamaker, said to the commander, with pleasantry, "I when she makes a lady's gown ; there is a hope sir, you will excuse my dirly appear. meaning, an end, in all. The three great ance; for I left the ship in so great a hurry, categories of knowledge are end, cause and that I had not time to change my dress.“
Proverbs. 1. Every thing great—is comcffect ; reflection and experience will convince those who would be wise, that the end or pur- stronger resemblance to a mad-man than a drun
posed of minute particles. 2. Nothing-bears a pose, is the first thing,--the cause or medium, kard. 3. Pleasure, purchased by pain, is always the second, and the effect, or ultimation of injurious. 4. The act is to be judged of, by the the co-operation of end and cause, the third intention of the person, who does it. 5. Thcory, thing. Now the feeling, or affection, is the without practice, however plausible, celdon first thing; the thought--is the second thing: tends to a successful issue. 6. Reflect well, be and the action—the third thing: the affection fore you say yes, or no. 7. Be cautious-.in givand the vowel sound are connected, the ing advice, and consider before you foiiow it. thought and the consonant, and all become 8. A man, fond of disputing, will, in time, have manifest, when the word is properly mure, few friends lo dispute with. 9. Young people by the application of accent, and enuncia- are apt to think themselves wise enough ; az tion.
drunkards-think themselves sober enough. 10. 201. Now, as the affectuous part of the Injustice-cannot exist without agents. 11. No mind operates, especially, on those lower great loss, but soine small gain. 12. No smoke, nerves and muscles, that are combined to without some fire. produce the vowel sounds, and the intellectual Reading Discourses. As the reading part of the mind co-operates with the lungs, desirable, that the speaker should unite the
of written discourses is so common, it is very io form the consonant sounds, and the two advantages of written, or printed composi. unite—to make the word, by the use of the lion, with extemporaneous speaking ; which fuccent, through the agency of which, feelings can be done by mastering ihe principles of and thoughts are conveyed,—it will be per- this system; then, though the essay be a ceived, that whenever there is a change of the month, or a year old, the orator may give it seat of accent, there may be a corresponding all the appearance and freshness of oral dis. change of the meaning of the word: or
Many public men have injured rather, a change of feeling produces a change their health by slavishly reading their dis. of thought, and the two produce a correspon- courses, instead of speaking them; there ding change in the seat of accent : as-au
being such an inseparable connection begust, au-gust; prod-uce, pro-duce ; gul- to read, especially from a manuscript, tends
tween thinking and breathing, that the effort lant, gal-lant.
to the use of the thorax, or lungs. If we 202. Change of the seat of accent accord- were taught to read by ear, instead of by ing to sense. They bom-bard the town, with right, there would be no difficulty in this bom-bards, and ce-ment their cannon with exercise: there must be a revolution-in cem-ent, and call upon their col-leagues to regard to teaching and learning this impor. col-league together, col-lect their soldiers, and tant art, or sad will continue to be the con. offer up their col-lects. He com-ments upon sequences. their com-ments, while they com-merce about Varieties. 1. Were the Texians right, the com-merce, and com-mon-place their com- in rebelling against Mexico ? 2. If wuinan mon-place business. The com-pact was en- taught the philosophy of love, who would tered into in a com-pact manner, while the pot learn? 3. Do not yield to misfortunes ; soldiers com-plot together in a com-plot, and but resist them, with unceasing firmness. com-port themselves with a becoming com- No one is qualified to command, who has
4. Procrastination—is the thief of time. 5. port. The farmer com-posts his fields with not learned to obey. 6. A laugh-costs too excellent com-post, and out of the com-pound much, if purchased at the expense of pro: he com-pounds a fruitful soil; which, when priety. 7. Words, fitly spoken from a life com-press'd, makes a very fine com-press for of love, are exceedingly sweet, and profitable the grain.
to all. My birthday what a differ ent sound
Beware, ye slaves of vice and infamy, That word had-in my youthful ears ! Beware-choose not religion's nacred name, And how, each time—the day came round, To sanctify your crimes--your falsehood shield. Less, and less white—its mark appears ! Profane not your Creator's boundless power, When first-our scanty years are told, Or lest his vengeance-fall upon, and crush ye. It seems like pastime--to grow old.
It is an arful height-of human pride, And as youth-counts the shining links, When we dare-robe ourselves in sanctity, That time-around him binds so fast,
While all is dark impiety within ! Pleased with the task, he little thinks, This, surely, is the aggregate of sin, How hard that chain will press-a last. The last to be forgiven-by heaven, or math
203. The subject of accent, being of pri- Proverbs. 1. Beware of reading, u it loui mary importance, should be dwelt upon, till thinking of the subject. 2. A man rarely deceives its principles and their application, are per- another but once. 3. A good paymaster is lord of tectly familiar. Remember, it is the principal another man's purse. 4. He is most secure fron external means, of making words -out of let-danger, who, even when conscious of safety, is ters and syllables: comparatively, it is the on his guard. 5. The pitcher may go often to the thread with which we make the garments well, and be broken at last. 6. A good companion, for our thoughts, and thus manifest the ob- makes good company. 7. Let every one choose, jects which the mind has in view in clothing according to his own fancy. 0 A comparison-is them in different ways, and making them what none of your friends will. 10. The human
no reason. 9. Your looking-glass-will tell you alive with feeling. The mental power of ac- heart wants something to be kind to. 11. Many cent, is in the will, or roluntary principle, kands make light work. 12. Ask your purse • and the physical force is from the combined what you shall buy. action of the lower muscles, in connection
Anecdote. Blundering on the Truth. with the diaphragm ; hence, it may be per-An ignorant fellow, who was about to be ceived, that in simply expelling vowel sounds, married, resolved to make himself perfect in as always insisted upon, we at the same time, the responses of the marriage service; but, acquire the power of making the accent ; for by mistake, he committed the office of bap. expulsion—is accent, radical, or stress. If tism for those of riper years : so, when the you do not master accent, you cannot suc- clergyman asked him, in the church, --
Wilt thou have this woman to thy wedded ceed in becoming an elocutionist.
204. Change of the seat of accent. On wife?", The bridegroom answered, in a her en-trance, she was en-tranced at being The astonished minister said "I think you
very solemn tone; " I renounce them all." es-cort-ed by a grand es-cort: I es-say to are a fool :'-to which he replied, “ All this make an es-say to ex-ile the ex-iles: ex-port I steadfastly believe." the ex-ports, with-out ex-tract-ing the ex
Analogies. As, in the succession of the tracts for the ex-tract-ors: the ab-ject fel-lows seasons, each, by the invariable laws of na. ab.ject the gifts, and the ab-sent minded ab-ture, affects the productions of what is next sent themselves from the party: he ab-stracts in course ; so, in human life, every period the ab-stracts and at-trib-utes the at-tri-butes of our age, according as it is well or ill to others: I lay the ac-cent on the ac-cent-ed spent, influences the happiness of that which vowel, and af-fix the af-fix to the final sylla- brings forward accomplished and flourishing
Virtuous youth-generally ble, and make aug-ment in the right place manhood; and such manhood passes off, and ang-ment the word in Au-gust, and thus without 'uneasiness, into respectable and make the idea au-gust. Notes. 1. Be careful in placing the accent on the right out of its regular course, disorder takes
tranquil old age. When nature is turned co-tho-e-py
, ar-is-toc ra-cy, ac-depe-a-ble, Ar-b-op-a-gus, ac-ces-eplace-in the moral, just as in the vegetable ry, up-right-ly: for if you place the accent on the wrong vowel, world. If the spring—put forth no blossoms, sou partially pervert the meaning, or render it ridiculoue : as, 1 in summer-there will be no beauty, and in saw an au-gust spectacle in Au-gust. 2. In singing, accent is al- the autumn-no fruit. If youth—be trifled ways made by stress: and the first note of each full measure ac- away without improvement, manhood will be Laconics. Labor is honorable in all. from the beginnings of life—have been vanity;
contemptible and old age-miserable. If the king on the throne to the mendicant in its latter end can be no other than vexation the street ; and let him or her, who is a. shamed to toil for themselves, or the benefit
of spirit. of their race, be more ashamed to consume
Varieties. 1. Is there any such thing as the industry and labor of others, for which time and space, in the world of mind ? 2. they do not render an equivalent.
Any book that is worth reading once, is The rose had been washed, just washed in a shower,
worth reading twice. 3. Most misfortunes Which Mary--to Anna-conveyed ;
-may be turned into blessings, by watching The plentiful moisture-encumbered the flout,
the tide of affairs. 4. When the wicked are And rocighed Inwp Its beautiful head.
in power, innocence and integrity are sure The cup was all filled, and the leaves were all wet,
to be persecuted. 5. Give people proper And it seemed, to a fanciful view,
books, and teach them how to read thein, To weep for the buds-it had left with regret, On the flourishing Inesh-where it grew.
and they will educate themselves. 6. Un. I hastily seized it, unfit as it was
limited powers--should not be trusted in the For a noregay, so dripping and dmwned
| hands of any one, who is not endowed with And swinging it nuddy, too rudely, alas!
perfection, - more than human. 7. The I mapped it, -it fell to the ground.
truths of the Bible are the seeds of order ; And such, I exclaimed, is the pitiless part,
and as is the reception, such will be the Some act-by the delicate mind, Regardless of wringing and breaking a heart,
produce. Already to sorrow resigued.
Faults--in the life, breed errors in the braith, This elegant rose, had I shaken it less,
And these, reciprocally, those again :
The mind, and conduct-mutually imprint,
And stamp their image-in each other's mint.
205. To accomplish the objects in view, Proverbs. 1. Instead of saying "I can't,' say the development and perfection of the voice “I will.” 2. Acquire knowledge that may be for reading, speaking and singing, a great useful. 3. If possible, remove your own difficule variety of exercises and examples, are intro- ties. 4. Ilusband your time, and waste neither duced, containing sense and nonsense ; and that, nor your money. 5. Try to exert a good attention can be given to both kinds, accord. I influence, wherever you are. 6. A little stone can ing to their uses. Let it be remembered, that make a greai bruise. 7. Unwearied diligerce the forty-four sounds of the language are the the point will gain. 8. Cultivate good domestic fountains, from which are to flow every stream habits. 9. Some rather reflect truth than practics
it. 10. Man is a mi-cro-cosm, or little world, of elocution and music; and these are con
11. Winter finds what Summer conceals. 12. Two tinually before us. No one can succeed in
of a trade seldom agree. silently reading, or thinking over the subjects: practice is the great thing; therefore, self the connecting link, or medium, between
Important. Let the orator consider him frequently repeat the sounds, read by vowels; the mental and natural world :- 1. é. that the spell by sounds, and exercise in accent and
spiritual world is progressing down into the emphasis, with all the other modifications.
material world; and that all his muscles and 206. They con-cert a plan to get up a con- vocal powers are the proper organs, thru' cert, and as they con-cord the con-cords of the which it is to flow. Hence, the necessity of notes, they con-crete the con-crete tones with developing and training, perfectly, those mesuch admirable con-duct, as to con-duct the diums of communication, that every thing in whole to the satisfaction of the audience. He the matter, may tell, effectually, in the mancon-fects the sugar with delicious con-fects,
ner. Much, very much depends upon the although he con-fines his efforts to the con- state of his own mind; for, according to that fines of the room; and without con-flicting will be the influence shed abroad on the in any serious con-flict, he con-serves the con- minds of others. Conceive yourself the rer serves in such a way as to con-sort with his con-sort without con-test-ing with any seri- minds, and be the true representative of your
resentative of a vast concourse of associated ous con-test. I will con-text the con-text, so
constituents. as to con-tract the con-tract-ing in a strong con-tract, the con-vent, so as to con-vent its
Varieties. 1. Are fictitious writings beneinmates, while they con-verse in familiar con- ficial ? 2. E-go-tism (or self-commendation.)
is always disgusting, and should be carefully 207. Among the more difficult acquisi- avoided. 3. A man camot call a better phy. tions, is the ability to prolong sounds in sician than himself, if he will take all the strongly marked accented and emphatic good advice he gives to others. 4. Why is the words, involving the kindlier feelings of our human mind like a garden? Because you can nature; to succeed in which, practice single sow what seeds you please in it." 5. Good long vowel sounds in separate words, and al- and bad fortune are necessary, to prepare us so in short and long phrases; as ale; to meet the contingencies of ife. 6. Be not are; a--ll; eel;i-le; o too much afraid of offending others, by telling Id; 00_ze; mu-te; puss; oi the truth: nor stoop to fiattery nor mean. our; also, old armed chair; wheel to the ness, to gain their favor. 7. The whole out. right; roll the flames and join the muse; ward creation, with its every particular and glowing hope; praise the lofty dome. movement, is but a theatre and scene of of Notes. I. The attempt is not made any where, to give a
fects, brought forth into existence, and mor. safet notation of the manner in which one is to read; and me
ed by interior spiritual causes, proper to the words are more or less emphatic, that are printed in common spiritual world. type ; while certain words, which are not very important as to meaning, are printed in italics. 2 Never mind the rough appe.com
To the curionus eye Price of the examples; but make them smooth in your delivery.
A little monitor-presents her page
of choice instruction, with her snowy bells Anecdote. Self-love. The first consid.
The lily of the vale. She, not affects eration of a knave is—how to help himself ;
The public walk, nor gaze of mid-day sun: and the second, how to do it with an appear. She-to no state or dignity aspires, ance of helping others. Dionysius, the ty. But, silent and alone, puts on her suit, rant, stripped the statue of Jupiter Olympus, And sheds her lasting per-fume, but for which of a robe of massy gold, and substituted a We had not known--there was a thing-60 sweet cloak of wool, saying-—"Gold is too cold in Hid-in the gloomy shade. So, when the blast
Her sister tribes confounds, and, to the earth winter, and too heavy in the summer-it be.
Stops their high heuds, that saioly were exposed, hooves us to take care of Jupiter."
She feels it not, but flourishes anew, When was public virtue to be found,
Still sheltered and secure. And so the storm, Where private was not ?
That makes the huge elm couch, and rends the us Can he love the whole,
The humble lily spares. A thousand blows Who loves no part ?
That shake the lofty monarch, on his throne,
We lesser folks fed not. Kean are the paing He-be a nation's friend,
Advancement often brings. To be mUTC Who, in truth, is the friend of no mar there? Be humble; to be happy, be content
208. The question is often asked—which Proverbs. 1. Show me a "iar, and I wih receives the accent, the vowel or the conso show you a thief. . 2. The best mode of instruc nant? The reply is, sometimes one, and at tion is—to practice what we teach. 3. Vain glo. others, both, when they are connected. In a- ry blossoms, but never bears. 4. Well to judge, ble, the accent is all on a; in noble, the n depends on well to hear. 5. He who is wicked and o receive the accent, but principally the in the country, will be wicked in the town. 6. 0; in pre-sume, the accent is mostly on u;
He who preaches war, is the devil's chaplain. and is imparted to s and m, terminating on
7. You will never have a friend, if you must the m. Although this fact is perfectly obvi- bave one without failings. 8. A bad man in ofous, yet one book that purports to have
fice, is a public calamity. 9. That war only is
passed through seven editions, insists that vowels just, which is necessary. 10. The worst of law
is, that one suit breeds twenty. 11. Be not ruinare never accented. I would ask that author, ed by your neglect. 12. Ignorance is a misfortune what letter receives the accent of the proper name A-i in the Bible, since it has two sylla
Anecdote. An Unwelcome Visitor. A bles, and yet there are no consonants. Let person, who often intruded himself in a readus beware of wrong guides as well as blind ing-room and library, to which he was not a
subscriber, had his pet dog tumed out by the 209. Half accented vowel sounds. There crusty old sexton ; who gave him a kick, sayis an inferior, or half accent, on certain words ing—“ you are not a subscriber at any rate." of three or more syllables, which should be The intruder took the hint; and never apobserved; and, although given distinctly, peared again in the establishment, till he bemust be kept within the vanish of the accent-came a patron. ed ones. The dem-0-CRAT-ic con-ver-sa-tion HORACE, a celebrated Roman poet, relates, re-spect-ing the ti-A-ra was het-e-ro-G E-ne-us that a countryman, who wanted to pass a to a dem-on-StR A-tion; a met-a-Phis-i-cal river, stood loitering on the banks of it, in the hyp-o-culon-dria is rec-om-Mex-da-to-ry of su- foolish expectation, that a current 80 rapid per-a-Bus-dant prod-i-Gal-i-ty: the in-com- would soon discharge its waters. But the pre-hey-si-ble plen-i-po-ter-ti-a-ry is an am- stream still flowed, (increased perhaps by pli-fi-ca-tion of hy-dro-pho-bi-a; the per-peri- fresh torrents from the mountains,) and it dic-U-LAR-i-ty of the gen-er-al-is-si-mo, and must forever flow; because the source from the mag-na-nix-i-ty of the phil-an-TAROP-i- which it is derived, is inexhaustible. Thus, cal re-ca-pit-u-La-tion was har-ac-ter-is-tic the idle and irresolute youth, trifles over his of the in-cor-rup-ti-bil-i-ty of his in-con- books, or squanders, in childish pursuits, his $11-er-a-ble-ness.
precious moments, deferring the business or 310. The mere mention of Oratory, reminds improvement, (which at first might be renderLa of the early times of Egypt, Greece, and ed easy and agreeable, but which, by delay, Rome; when there flourished a LEVITE, who becomes more and more difficult,) until the was an important instrument in delivering an golden sands of opportunity have all run, and ancient people from captivity; one of whose he is called to action, without possessing the qualifications for his high office, was, that he requisite ability. could “speak well;''-a Deniosthenes, the Varletles. 1. Has the invention of gunpow. magic, music, and witchery of whose ele- der been beneficial to the world? The mind, quence, it is impossible to trunslate or de- like the soil, rises in value, according to the scribe ;-a Cicero, whose oratory was copinus, nature and degree of its cultivation. 3. correct, ornate, and magnificent ;-each of Labor and prudence, relieve us from three whom was pre-eminent in his own style and great evils,-vice, want, and indolence. 4. manner,—the Grecian-carrying the citadel A wise man reflects, before he speaks ; a by storm, and the Roman taking it after a foolish one speaks, and then reflects on what he regular and most beautifully conducted siege ; has said. 5. Our happiness does not consist of a Peler, and Paul, pleading in the in being without passions, but in having cause of Heaven, and holding vast multitudes command of them. 6. Good—is never more m breathless silence, making even Judges effectually accomplished, than when produced tremble in their high places;-of more mordby slow degrees. 7. True charity- cannot arn times, whose history presents us the name be conjoined to a persuasion of falsity, flow. of a Chatham, a Burke, and a Fox, in the as-ing from evil. sembly; and those of a Bourdaloue, Massil
There's quiet-in the deep :lon, Bridane, and Whitfield, in the pulpit ; also the orators of our own time and land;
And earth-born whirlwinds-wake the wave;
Aloue, let care and fear contend some of whom, in many respects, will not suffer by a comparison with any of their il- Here, far beneath the tainted foam, lustrious preidecessors.
That frets-above our peaceful home,
We dream in joy, and wake in love
Nor know the rage-mat yells above!
There's quiet in the deep!
Alove, let tide-and tempesta rave,
With sin and sorrow-to the end :