Sidor som bilder



969. This Word - Painting, being a sub Proverbs. 1. He, whose exprendilure is more ject of such great importance, and one that than his income,must be poor; but he that receives is inseparably connected with emphasis, we more than he spends, must be rich. 2. What will dwell upon it a little longer, and apply some speakers fail in, as to depth, they wake up

practically; for--unless we get into the in- as to length. 8. Money, earned with little labor, is ternals of the subject, all our efforts will be generally spent with little consideration. 4 Pe Dearly unavailing. A very good way to often lose those things that are certain, while we

5. He, who perfect ourself in this style of painting, is to pursue others that are doubtf ul. close the eyes, after having memorized the knows nothing, doubls nothing. 6. Many perwords, (or get some one to read them delibe- sons feel an irreconcilable enmity-towards those rately,) and infix the thoughts and feelings iabor, no work is perfected. 8. Accumulated

whom they have injured. 7. Without sweat and of the author in the minl, and let there be a wealth-brings care, and a thirst for increasing commingling of them with your own, in such riches. 9. Whether in prosperity, or adversity, a way, that there will be an entire re-produc- we should always endeavor to preserve equation, and re-formation of them,-a new crea- nimity. 10. Do not grieve for inat which is irretion. The effect of this kind of exercise on coverably lost. 11. Use soft words, and hard the mind, will be like that of the warm sun, arguments. 12. A full purse never lacks friends. and refreshing rain, in developing and per Dissimulation. Dissimulation in youth, fecúng vegetation.

is the forerunner of perfidy in old age; its

first appearance is the fatal omen of grow

Far along ing depravity, and future shame. It degrades From peak to peak, the rattling erags among, parts and learning, obscures the lustre o. Leaps the live thunder / not from one lone cloud, every accomplishment, and sinks us into conBut every mountain-now, hath found a longue, tempt. The path of falsehood is a perplexing And Jura-answers through her misty shroud, maze. After the first departure from sin. Back to the joyous Alps, who called aloud.

cerity, it is not in our power to stop; one arThy spirit-Independence, let me share, tifice unavoidably leads on to another ; till,

Lord of the lion heart and eagle eye! as the intricacy of the labyrinth increases, wo Thy steps 1 follow, with my bosor bare,

are left entangled in our snare. Nor heed the storms that howl across the sky. Tis greatly wiono talk with our past hours,

Pain—is perfect misery, the worst of evils; And ask them-what report--they bore to heaven;

And excessive, overturns all patience.
And kow they might bare borne-more welcome news;
Their anneers-om--what men-experience call.

Tis base—to change with fortune, and deny 270. CHEMISTRI-treats of the composi

A faithful friend, because in poverty. tion of all material substances, their sensible

Who lives to nature,-rarely can be poor ; properties and relations, and the effects pro

Who lives to fancy, never can be rich. duced upon them-by cohesion, affinity, light, Music-resembles poetry; in eachheat, and electricity. Its study-reflects light Are nameless graces, which no methods teach upon all these effects, and is subsidiary to the

And which a master's hand alone-can reach natural and medical sciences: indeed, its ap Bright-eyed fancy-hovering o'er, plication extends throughout the wider range Scatters-from her pictured urn, of all the physical arts; and hence, ranks Thoughts-hat breathe, and words that burn among the most useful of the sciences. If the If good-we plant not, vice-will fill the place, fair sex-would understand this subject, only And rankest weeds—the richest soil-deface. so far as it relates to house-keeping, they But the good man, whose soul is pure, would see, that there is no necessity of hav Unspotted, and of pardon-sure, ing poor soap, or bad bread, or of making Looks thro' the darkness of the gloomy mghly other mistakes in their culinary preparations.

And secs the dawning--of a glorious light. Anecdote. Mad Man. A man, who was

Would you taste the tranquil sceno? of parently more of a wit--than a mad-man,

Be sure your bosom--be serene ; but who, notwithstanding, was confined in a

Devoid of hate, devoid of strife, mad-house, being asked how he came there,

Devoid of all that poisons life. answered—“Merely a dispute of words; !

And much it 'vails you—in their place, said that all men were mad; and all said

To graft the love of human race. I was ma !; the majority-carried the point,

How deep-yon azure-dyes the sky, end here i am."

Where orbs of gold-undumbered lie

While, through their ranks, in silver pride,
Walls of brass-resist not

The nether crescent-seems to glide!
A noble undertaking, nor can vice-

Thou sun, sald I, fair lighe!
Raise any bulwark-to make good a place, And thou, enlightened earth, 80 fresh and gay!
Where virtue-seeks to enter.

Yo hills and dales, ye rivers, woods, and plains, Lovers say, the heart-hath treble wrong,

And ye that live, and move, fair creatures, tell, When it is barred--the aidance of the longue.

Tell if you can, horo came I thus, how here?

271. RYTAM-poetical measure, or verse; Proverbs. I. Truth—is but another nane-fos of which there are various kinds. Prose-is fact. 2. There is a mental, as well as civil comman's natural language, which is rather monwealth. 3. The end of learning, is usefulloose and unconfined. Poetry-originates in ness,-not reputation. 4. Study the principles of the affections, prose in the thoughts, of the things, -as well as their uses. 5. Common sense human mind; tho' some poems are occasion-1-which is very un-common, is the best sense ally prosaic, and some prose-poetic: feel- in the world. 6. No one can hit a mark, without ing predominates in the former,-thought, aiming at it; and skill is acquired, by repeated in the latter. Our rules for reading and attempts. 7. Never do anything with indifference; speaking are the same, whether in prose or

and do everything as perfectly as possible. 8 poetry: for in all cases, the manner must be Never cut out a piece of a newspaper, till you

have looked on the other side. 9. In prosperity, adapted to the matter; the sound to the sense: in other words, the mind's perception one. 10. Haste—is a poor apology; take time, and

-prepare for a change; in adversity, -hope for and feeling of the matter, must dictate the ap- do your work well. 11. Personal effort-seldom propriate manner ; " suit the action to the fails to obtain its object. 12. Some people never word, the word to the action; and o’erstep have enough. not the modesty of nature.

Autumn. It was a glorious day in auYon cloud is bright, and beautiful-it floats tumn. The sky, of unsullied blue, glowed Alone in God's horizon; on its edge

like a sapphire. The universal air-was fillThe stars seem hung iike pearls: it looks as pure ed with stillness. Not a breeze whisperedAs 'twere an angel's shroud,—the white cymar not a bird flapped its wing. It was the triOf purity, just peeping through its folds

umph of repose--when the undying energies To give a pitying look-on this sad world.

of man--slumbered for a moment, when Go visit it, and find, that all is false; Its glories--are but fog, and its white form

even the conflict of his passions was suspendIs plighted to some coming thunder-gust ;-

ed. Beautiful, melancholy autumn! whose The rain, the wind, the lightning, have their source

ruddy ripeness--whispers of decay; whose In such bright meetings. Gaze not at the clouds, richest tints-mingle with the “sear and yel lowever beautiful. Gaze at the sky,

low leaf,” as if the lusty year--had toilea The clear, blue, tranquil, fixed, and glorious sky. through youth and manhood for wealth

272. AGRICULTURE—is the art of cultiva- which overflows, just when waning life-inting the ground; it includes, also, the rear- dicates, that the power of enjoyment—is pass ing and management of domestic animals; ing away. it is sometimes called Farming, and Hus Varieties. 1. What is the difference bandry: and, although simple in its opera- between reading and reflection? 2. To look Lions, it derives great benefit from Machinery, away from principles, and see only their ap-whence it takes its implements; from plication, tends to idolatry. 3. Suspicion is Chemistry,—whence it derives a knowledge the effect--of the association of ideas-misof soils, and the means of fertilizing them; directed by the imagination; it never exists from Botany,—which teaches a knowledge of --without a shade of insanity. the plants to be cultivated or destroyed; Tho' deep, yet clear ; tho' gentle, yet not dull , and from Zoology-which teaches the habits Strong, without rage, -without o'erflowing-full. and peculiarities of the animals it rears, and 5. In what manner- is uniformity in events the means of improving them for use-and-depending, apparently, on contingent cir. profil

cumstances, to be accounted for ? 6. Only Anecdote. Kosciusko, the hero of Poland, by appealing to first principles--can we re. wishing to make a present to a Clergyman, cover, or maintain--the spirit and essence, sent it by a young man, and desired him to of genuine wisdom, and intelligence. 7 The take the horse, which he himself usually rode. greatest degree-of self-abasement, if real, is

In his return, the young man said-he the nearest approach to the Divine Presence. would never ride his horse again, unless he way, shrink not-from the word " Farewell,” gave his purse at the same time; for, said he, As if'twere Friendship's final knell : "as soon is a poor man on the road takes off

Such fears—may prove but rain:
bis hat, and asks charity, the horse immedi- so changeful—is life's fleeting day,
ately stops, and will not stir, till something Whene'er we seder, Hope may say,
is given the petitioner; and as I had but lit We part, to meet again.
lle monev with me, I was obliged, when it Even the last parting-earth can know,
was gone, to feign giving something, in order Brings not unutterable wo
to satisfy the horse."

To souls, that heavennard soar;
Cursed be your senate ; cursed your constitution; For humble Faith, with steadfast eye,
The curse of growing factions-and divisions Points to a brighter world on high,
Still vex your aruncils, shake your public safety, Where hearts, that here-at parting sigh,
And make the robes of government-you wear,

May meet, -to part no more.
Viteful to you, as these chains are-to me.

Duties -are ours; consequences—are God's

273. The three philosophical divisions of poetry (as well as of Prose) in relation to the mind, are—RELIGIOUS, having reference to the supreme Being, and what is above us in the scale of creation; the social and civs, or middle; what is around us, and within, relating to the great family of man : and the external, which refers, principally, to the kingdom of Nature, which is below us; vil the amimal, vegetable, and mineral: (do not include mankind in the animal kingdoin; they aré human; it is sensualism which has degraded man to rank with anianals.) The common divisions of Poetry are --Pastoral, Lyric, Didactic, Satire, Sonnets, Descriptive, Epic, Tragic, and Comic; to which some add, Sacred, Classic, Romantic, Elegiac, Mythologic, Eclogue, Ballad, and Epitaph. 274. Management of the Breath. From what we have said, you see the importance of attending to this subject. Very few persons—breathe sufficiently often, when reading, speaking, or singing. All the directions the author has seen on this subject—are at variance with truth and nature. There are a few instances, when a long breath is necessary; but they are very rare. To acquire a long breath, exercise on all the difficulties of respiration, — and pursue a similar course for strengthening a weak voice; also, practice long quantity, walking up hill, and running, when reciting. In the following, breathe at least once, while reading each period. “He died young, (breathe,) but he died happy. His friends have not had him long, (breathe,) but his death (breathe) is the greatest trouble and grief, (breathe,) they ever had. He has enjoyed the sweets of the world— (breathe,) only for a little while, (breathe,) but he never tasted its bitters.” The writer is aware of being, in this respect, in opposition to authorities; but he cannot be influenced by that, so long as he is persuaded that truth and nature are with him. If one does not breathe sufficiently often, he will be almost sure to speak too rapidly: and, as the object of Elocution is-to convince and persuade, how can one expect to do this, if he does not give his hearers time to think, or reason, about what he says? How can a jury—keep pace with a lawyer, whose language rides post-haste? If his reason, and arguments, are hurled upon the ear, like flashes of lightning upon the eye, how can they be remembered, or produce the intended effect 2 If one does not breathe at the proper times and places, the sense is not fully conveyed, and the lungs are injuriously affected. Too unfrequent breathing, and rapid speakIng, must be avowded; but beware of the opposite extreme, unless you wish to lull your hearers to sleep.

[ocr errors][merged small]

Proverbs. 1. Never begin things, ond then leave them unfinished. 2. Have a place for every thing: and when you have use i it, put it back again. 3. Proverbs—bear age; and he, who would do well, may see himself in them, as in a lookingglass. 4. Politeness costs nothing, and may do Inuch good. 5. Tediousness—is often fatal to our object. 6. Where there is no hope, there is no endeavor. 7. Unequal friendships—are easily dissolved. 8. Sloth—consumes saster than labor. 9. Lost time—is never found again; and time enough yet, is always little enough. 10. Industry—paya debts; despair—increases them. 11. Troops of suries—march in the drunkard's triumph. 12. Shoc cess—consecrates the foulest crimes.

Amecdote. The Boys and Frogs. L'Es trange tells us, in his fables, that a number of boys were one day watching frogs at the side of a pond; and that when any of them put their heads above the water, the boys pelted them down again, with stones. One of the frogs, appealing to the humanity of the boys, made this striking observation,“Children, you do not consider, that though this may be sport to you, it is death to tus.”

Folly and Wisdom. Muny parentslabor hard, and live sparingly, that they may give their children a start in the world: but setting a son afloat with money left to himis like tying bladders under the arms of one who cannot swim ; and ten to one he will drown, but teach him to swim, and he will never need bladders: give a child a good educasion, and it will give him such a start—as will secure usefulness and victory in the race

he is to run. Varieties. 1. Is it possible—for a created

being to merit any thing—at the hands of God.2 2. The instincts of animals—are their laws of life; they seem to be sensible of their ends of being, and the means of attaining them. 3. Truth—is that resemblance to, or conformity with Nature, that is presented to the mind, by the relation of ideas, whether simple, or compler. 4. There is a divinity— shapes our ends, rough hew them as we will. 5. "Tis better, to be lowly born, and range with humble livers—in content, than to be pricked up—in glittering grief, and wear a golden sorrow. 6. Whatever is seen, by the bodily eye, or perceived by the outwardsensee, is but an effect—from the spiritual world, nne a true representative of some principle there. in, and proper to it; for that world is in the human soul, -and mind. I ramble—by the evening sex The light-house—glimmering srom asur And fleecy clouds—are scouring free O'er rising moon, and twinkling star; In distance—floats the waning sail, Or brightly gleams the plashing oar, And mingles—with the shining gale The billow—murmuring on the shore, But one thing wants the wanderer thereA kindred soul, the scene to share.

275. Emphasis. This is a very impor Proverbs. 1. Every act of riolence--leado tant part of our subject ; and unless the pu- to difficult results. 2. The house of a true friend pil is certain, that he perfectly understands is always a sure asylum. 3. It is sweet—10 800the Accent, he is advised to review it again. Ac- the wretched, and mitigate their misfortunes 4 He cented syllables, are to other syllables, in the has done the mischief, and I bear the blame. 5. same word, what emphatic syllables, are to It is common to fools—to mention their neighbor's words in the same sentence,-hence, it may faults; while they are forgetful of their own. 6

Endeavor to conquer adverse circumstances; and be seen, that as the idea-is always associated with the accented vowel, and changes, ledge, even from an enemy. 8. He, who flies froer.

not submit to them. 7. It is wire-to derive know when the seat of accent is changed; as in judgment, confesses the crime impured to him. 9. Au-gust, and au-gust; so, the mind's eye-We are generally willing to believe what we always accompanies the emphatic word Ex. wish to be true. io. Let justice be done, tho' dhe Doctor Johnson, (says Cicero,) was a great heavens fall. 11. The more riches a fool has, the orator. Thus emphasised, we make Cicero foolisher he is. 12. When the heart—is past hora, say, that Dr. Johnson-was a great orator. the face—is past shame. 13. Despair-has ruined Corrected, thus: Dr. Johnson says-Cicero many a one. was a great orator. Practice on this sentence,

Philosophy of Mind. No philosophy of till every thing appertaining to correct em- the mind can be valuable, that does not prom phasis is familiar. All the words in this pose an inquiry into the connection between book, printed in different type, are more or mind and matter. Attention to the subject less emphatic: and some are emphatic that of our own consciousness, alone, excludes the are in the common type.

possibility of their being well observed, be276. Emphasis—is an increase of accent cause the conditions of their being well seen on the accented vowels of important words, -are neglected. That there is a direct conthe more perfectly to convey the sense of the nection between mind and matter, the soul author. There are only two ways of ma- and body, is an indisputable fact; and it is king it: which are the same as in accent ; viz: perfectly idle, to pretend to examine the qualby stress and QUANTITY. First, by stress : ities of the former, without reference to the Ex. 1. The difference between what is true latter. The comprehension of the action of —and false, good—and evil, is very great. mind and the reaction of matter, involves 2. Some reports are true : others-are false. I the true principles of Intellectual Philosophy 3. Truth tells us, that certain affections and Psychology. are evil : but False says, they are good. 4.

Varioties. 1. Which is the most desira Good men—lve, and practice, what is good ble, to know and understand much; or, to and true ; but wicked men—love, and prac- make a right use of what we know and une tice, what is false, and evil. 5. Heuven- derstand? 2. The Jew—asks a sign; the consists of all that is good and true; but Greeks-seek after wisdom. 3. Do not the Hell-consists of all that is false, and evil.

shadows of great thoughts, sometimes fall 277. Horticulture--or Gardening, is on our minds? the art of preparing and cultivating gardens, Who friendship-with a knave has made including pleasure-grounds, and ornamental Is judged a partner—in the trade; shrubbery: its close relation to Agriculture, Tis thus, that on the choice of friends, renders it difficult to distinguish between Our good, or evil name-depends. them. As involving principles of taste, and 5. Envy no man's good, or truth: seek not elements of beauty, it may be classed with to be him. IP less than thet, give that which the Fine Arts; but its connection with the he asketh of thee, at all times; if more than Useful Arts--presents a stronger relation; thee, envy not: neither seek to depreciate ; and, whether considered in reference to use and beware of rashly condemning what is fulness, or ornament, it deserves much at- above thee,-lest thou materially hurt thyself, tention, and exerts a salutary influence over 6. We may as soon take fire-into the bo its votaries.

8om, without being burned, or touch to Anecdote. Working a Passage. An without being defiled, as to frequent and ae• Irishman, having applied to work his passage laght in-bad company, without a stain upon on a canal-boat, and being employed to lead our moral character. the horses on the tow-path; on arriving at the place of destinatwn, declared he would sooner

Mine eyes—have seen the beautiful, go on foot, than work his passage in America.

Mine cars-have heard their thrilling vo1
Honest index-of the soul,

My heart—has felt their potent rule-
Nobly scorning all control,

The fears of hope, the hope of joys-
Silent language-ever flowing,

But never-has my sight approved
Every secret thought avowing,

A fairer--than my sister--no!
Pleasure's seat,-Love's favorite throne, None other sound—so much hath moved
Every triumph --if thy own.

As, her " dear brother," spoken love.


278. INVOLUNTARY EFFORTS. Let no one Proverbs. 1. It is well not caly to scem pure; imagine, that it is the design of this system to but, to be pure. 2. Aim at desert, rather than rem make arbitrary readers, and speakers; far ward. 3. If you are in a thriving way, stick to it, from it: if the system were not founded in and let well enough, alone. 4. Trifles-often de NATURE, such might be the result. By mak-cide much-concerning the character of a person. ing use of the principles here developed, we 5. Believe yourself capable of learning what others turn to truth and nature; provided we have have learned. 6. Avoid all extremes ; and liva, l'undered from them; consequently, the ef- and act, in the golden medium. 7. The loaded fort becomes involuntary: as was the case

tree -- always bends with its fruits; as virtus with the whistling of little Jimmy, in school; stoops beneath humility. 8. Without frugatting,

none can be rich; and with it-few can be poor. who, when his teacher was about to correct 9. The used key—is always bright. 10. Man is a him, exclaimed, “No, no; it was not I that being who makes bargains; one dog never er. whistled, it whistled itself.” No one can be changes bones with another dog. 11. You can do a good reader, or speaker, till the effort be- it, if you only think so, and iry. 12. Quick becomes involuntary; he must will, and it shall lievers,need broad shoulders. be done. Unfortunately, some think they Anecdote. New Character. Lord Hardy, must do some great thing; whereas, they who was so much addicted to the bottle, as to have only to wash, and be clean.

be always under the influence of liquor, pre279. Epic, or heroic poetry, has for its sub- vious to a masquerade night, inquired of Foot, ject the exploits of some hero, or heroes, of "what new character he ought to appear in ?" national celebrity; Lyric poetry is designed “New character," said the other,—“suppose to be set to music, as psalms, hymns, odes you go sober, my lord.” He took the hint of and songs; Elegiac poetry involves solemn, the comedian, and actually reformed. or mournful subjects; Epitaphs are inscrip Industry. If industry is no more than tions on tomb-stones; Pastoral poetry treats habit, 'tis at least an excellent one. “If you of rural affairs, and the social affections; it is ask me, which is the real hereditary sin of appropriate to shepherds ; Didactic poetry is human nature, do you imagine I shall answer designed to convey instruction; Satyric pride, or luxury, or ambition, or egotism? poetry is for reproving the vices, errors and No; I shall say—indolence. Who conquers follies of the world, by holding them up to indolence, will conquer all the rest.Indeed, ridicule; Descriptive poetry describes inter- all good principles must stagnate, without esting subjects, mental or natural; and mental activity. Romantic poetry has for its subjects, tales, Varieties. 1. A prime minister — was romances, ind novels, probable, or supernat asked, how he could perform such a vast ural.

amount of business, and yet, have so much 280. CAUSE AND EFFECT. Such are the de- leisure? He replied, I do every thing at the fects of our education, that we are brought up time. 2. Would wings- be folded in the almost as ignorant of our bodies and minds, worm, if they were not one day to enable it as of the man in the moon: the consequence to fly? 3. The perfection of religion and is, we are imposed upon by the shoe-maker, science will be united; their sphere of opethe tailor, the mantua-maker, the carpenter ration ascertained, and their periods of vicisand joiner, the cabinet-maker, the miller and situdes known in that better age, which is baker, the cook and the washer, and by al- approaching. most every body else: we are a race of abusers Let fools-the studious despise ; of one another. When we get a pair of shoes, There's nothing lost, by being wise. the first question is, how well do they look? Whatever perils-may alarm us, So also of the coat and dress, the house, the Kind words-will never harm us. chair, the flour, and bread, &c., &c. Oh, 6. Pure, and undefiled religion, is the sheelwhen shall we be wise, and understand the anchor of happiness, the perfection and glory things that so nearly concern our temporal of hunian nature; its essence—isa conscience welfare? Having eyes, we see not aright ; void of offence toward God, and man. 7, naving ears we hear wrong: our feelings, There is a providence in every pulsation, and taste, and smell-betray us, because they are in all the particulars that concern it: as the perverted. The enemy comes in upon us like sun - never ceases to shine, so the Lorda flood, and who will lift up a standard against never ceases to bless. him?

There is a voice-I shall hear no more

There are tones, whose music, for me, is o'er,
Like leares on trees--the race of man is found, Sweet as the odors of spring were they,-
Now, green in youth, now, withering on the ground. Precious and rich—but, they died away;
Anotha race the following spring supplies; They came like peace to my heart and ey—
They fall successive, and successive rise:

Never again will they murmur here;
Borgenerations—in their course decay,

They have gone-like the blush of a summer mom
Sc four'sh these, when those—are passed away. Like a crimson doud-through the sunset borne.




« FöregåendeFortsätt »