Habermas and Theology
Cambridge University Press, 18 maj 2006 - 267 sidor
How can the world's religious traditions debate within the public sphere? In this book, Nicholas Adams shows the importance of Habermas' approaches to this question. The full range of Habermas' work is considered, with detailed commentary on the more difficult texts. Adams energetically rebuts some of Habermas' arguments, particularly those which postulate the irrationality or stability of religious thought. Members of different religious traditions need to understand their own ethical positions as part of a process of development involving ongoing disagreements, rather than a stable unchanging morality. Public debate additionally requires learning each other's patterns of disagreement. Adams argues that rather than suspending their deep reasoning to facilitate debate, as Habermas suggests, religious traditions must make their reasoning public, and that 'scriptural reasoning' is a possible model for this. Habermas overestimates the stability of religious traditions. This book offers a more realistic assessment of the difficulties and opportunities they face.
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Religion in public
The ideal speech situation
Authority and distance in tradition
Sacred and profane
Theology and political theory
Theology social theory and rationalisation
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acknowledge agreement appeal Aquinas argue attempt authority Bowie chapter Christian cognitive commitments communicative action concept consensus contemporary context criticisable validity claims critics critique cultural Dallmayr debate describe different traditions discourse ethics discussion divine doctrine Durkheim engage essay Gadamer generalised God's Habermas 1984a Habermas wants Hegel Hegelian Hobbes human ideal speech situation identity interest interpretation of scripture John Milbank judgement Kant kind language learned lifeworld MacIntyre Marxism means members of different ment merely metaphysical Milbank modern societies moral mythic narrative and argument norms obvious one's participants particular Peter Ochs Peukert political position possible post-metaphysical practice presupposes problem public sphere question rational rationalisation readers recognise reflection rehearses relationship religion religious traditions ritual role Rowan Williams rules sacred scriptural reasoning secular sense social texts theme theodicy theologians theology theory of communicative Theunissen things thinking thought tion transcend trinitarian understanding universal Weber world-disclosure worldviews