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passed February 28, 1809, and entitled “ An act for the relief of cer- 1809, ch. 23. tain Alabama and Wyandot Indians.”

Art. 2. In consideration of the preceding cession, the United States Reservation will reserve, for the use of the said Wyandott Indians, sections num

m for the use of bered twenty-three, twenty-four, twenty-five, twenty-six, thirty-four, south of the thirty-five, thirty-six, twenty-seven, and that part of section numbered river Huron. twenty-two, which contains eight acres, and lies on the south side of the river Huron, being in the fourth township, south of the base line, and in the ninth range east of the first meridian, in the territory of Michigan, and containing four thousand nine hundred and ninety-six acres; and the said tract of land shall be reserved for the use of the said Wyandott Indians, and their descendants, and be secured to them in the same manner, and on the same terms and conditions, as is provided in relation to the Alabama Indians, by the first section of the beforementioned act of Congress, except that the said Wyandott Indians, and their descendants, shall hold the said land so long as they or their descendants shall occupy the same.

In testimony whereof the said Lewis Cass, commissioner as aforesaid,

and the chiefs and warriors of the said Wyandot tribe of Indians,
have hereunto set their hands, at St. Mary's, in the state of Ohio,
this twentieth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thou-
sand eight hundred and eighteen.

LEWIS CASS.

Ronesass, or Honas,

Scoutash, Haunsiаugh, or Boyer,

Dunquod, or Half King,
Ronaess, or Racer,

Aronue, or Cherokee Boy,
Roninness, or Joseph,

Taruntue, or Between the Logs.
In presence of R. A. Forsyth, jun. Secretary to the commissioners. Jno. Johnston,
Indian Agent. B. F. Stickney, s. I. A. W. W. Walker, Interpreter. John Con-
ner. Wm. Turner.

To the Indian names is subjoined a mark.

A TREATY

Made and concluded by, and between, Ninian Edwards and Au- Sept. 25, 1818.

guste Chouteau, Commissioners on the part and behalf of the Proclamation, United States of America, of the one part, and the undersigned, Jan. 5, 1819. principal chiefs and warriors of the Peoria, Kaskaskiu, Mitchigamia, Cahokia, and Tamarois, tribes of the Mlinois nation of

Indians, on the part and behalf of the said tribes, of the other . part.

WHEREAS, by the treaty made at Vincennes, on the thirteenth day of Preamble. August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and three, Ante, p. 78. between the United States, of the one part, and the head chiefs and warriors of the tribe of Indians commonly called the Kaskaskia tribe, but which was composed of, and rightfully represented, the Kaskaskia, Mitchigamia, Cahokia, and Tamarois, tribes of the Illinois nation of Indians, of the other part, a certain tract of land was ceded to the United States, which was supposed to include all the land claimed by those respective tribes, but which did not include, and was not intended to include, the land which was rightfully claimed by the Peoria Indians,

182

TREATY WITH THE PEORIAS, ETC. 1818.

TREATY WITH THE

REAL I

he

art

a tribe of the Illinois nation, who then did, and still do, live separate and apart from the tribes abovementioned, and who were not represented in the treaty refered to above, nor ever received any part of the consideration given for the cession of land therein mentioned: And whereas the said tribe of Peoria are now also disposed to cede all their land to the United States, and, for the purpose of avoiding any dispute with regard to the boundary of their claim, are willing to unite with the Kaskaskia, Mitchigamia, Cahokia, and Tamarois, tribes, in confirming the cession of land to the United States, which was made by the treaty above refered to, and in extending the cession so as to include all the

land claimed by those tribes, and themselves, respectively : Cession by all Art. 1. For which purpose the undersigned, head chiefs and warriors the tribes, par of the Peoria, Kaskaskia, Mitchigamia, Cahokia, and Tamarois, tribes ties to this of the Illinois nation of Indians, for the considerations hereinafter mentreaty.

tioned, do hereby relinquish, cede, and confirm, to the United States, all the land included within the following boundaries, viz: Beginning at the confluence of the Ohio and Mississippi rivers; thence, up the Ohio, to the mouth of Saline creek, about twelve miles below the mouth of the Wabash; thence, along the dividing ridge between the waters of said creek and the Wabash, to the general dividing ridge between the waters which fall into the Wabash and those which fall into the Kaskaskia river; thence, along the said ridge, untill it reaches the waters which fall into the Illinois river; thence, a direct line to the confluence of the Kankakee and Maple rivers; thence, down the Illinois river, to its confluence with the Mississippi river, and down the latter to the

beginning. Stipulations in Art. 2. It is mutually agreed, by the parties hereto, that all the stiputreaty of Vin- lations contained in the treaty, above referred to, shall continue binding cennes to conti- and obligatory on both parties. nue obligatory. U. S. will pro. pro.

ART. .

Art. 3. The United States will take the Peoria tribe, as well as the tect the tribes, other tribes herein abovementioned, under their immediate care and parties to this

patronage, and will afford them a protection as effectual, against any treaty.

other Indian tribes, and against all other persons whatever, as is enjoyed Peorias not to by the citizens of the United States. And the said Peoria tribe do make war with hereby engage to refrain from making war, or giving any insult or

offence, to any other Indian tribe, or to any foreign nation, without first

having obtained the approbation and consent of the United States. Payment to Art. 4. In addition to two thousand dollars' worth of merchandize, the Peorias. this day paid to the abovementioned tribes of Indians, the receipt

whereof is hereby acknowledged, the United States promise to pay to the said Peoria tribe, for the term of twelve years, an annuity of three hundred dollars, in money, merchandize, or domestic animals, at the option of the said tribe; to be delivered at the village of St. Genevieve,

in the territory of Missouri. The U.S. cede Art. 5. The United States agree to cede, to the said Peoria tribe, six 640 acres of hundred and forty acres of land, including their village on Blackwater land to the Peo- river, in the territory of Missouri; provided that the said tract is not rias.

included within a private claim; but should that be the case, then some

other tract of equal quantity and value shall be designated for said tribe, Peorias acceptat such place as the President of the United States may direct. And the presents, the said Peoria tribe hereby agree to accept the same, together with the

C: in full lor presents now given them, and the annuity hereby promised them, as a all their claims.

full equivalent for all and every tract of land to which they have any pretence of right or title.

out consent of U.S.

In testimony whereof, the commissioners aforesaid, and the under

signed chiefs and warriors as aforesaid, have hereunto subscribed
their names and affixed their seals. Done at Edwardsville, in the
state of Illinois, this twenty-fifth day of September, in the year of
our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighteen, and of the
Independence of the United States the forty-third.

NINIAN EDWARDS,
AUG. CHOUTEAU.

Peoria.

Awrawmpingeaw, or Whale,
Waw Peeshawkawnan, Shield,

Keemawassaw, or Little Chief.
Wassawcosangaw, Shine,

Mitchigamia.
Naynawwitwaw, Sentinel,

Wackshinggaw, or Crooked Moon,
Wissineeaw, the Eater,

Keetawkeemawwaw, or Andrew,
Rawmissawnoa, or Wind,

Manggoussaw.
Mawressaw, or Knife,
Koongeepawtaw,

Cahokia.
Batticy, or Baptist,

Mooyawkackee, or Mercier, Keemawraneaw, or Seal,

Pemmeekawwattaw, or Henry,
Wecomawkawnaw,

Papenegeesawwaw,
Keeshammy, or Cut off a Piece.

Shopinnaw, or Pint,
Kaskaskia.

May sheeweerattaw, or Big Horn.
Louis Jefferson Decouagne,

Tamarois.
Wawpamahwhawaw, or White

Mahkattamawweeyaw, Black Wolf,
Wolf,

Queckkaw peetaw, or Round Seat.
Done in presence of Pascal Cerré, secretary to the commissioners. Abraham
Prickett, B. Stephenson, John M.Kee, Joseph Conway, Josias Randle, Ebenezer Bald-
win, Reuben H. Walworth, William Swettand, John Kain, R. Pulliam, John Gaither,
Bucknett, Jacob Prickett, John Wilson, William P. M.Kee, James Watts, John
Howard, Richard Brevoofield, Robert Pogue, James Mason, Jno. Sbinn, jun., John
H. Randle, Edmund Randle.

To the lodian names are subjoined a mark and seal.

A TREATY

Made and concluded by, and between, William Clark, governor Sept. 25, 1818.

of the Missouri Territory, superintendent of Indian affairs, and commissioner in behalf of the United States, of the one Jan. 7, 1819. part; and a full and complete deputation of considerate men, chiefs, and warriors, of all the several bands of the Great and Litile Osage nation, assembled in behalf of their said nation, of the other part ; have agreed to the following articles :

Art. 1. WHEREAS the Osage nations have been embarrassed by the frequent demands for property taken from the citizens of the United States, by war parties, and other thoughtless men of their several bands, (both before and since their war with the Cherokees,) and as the exertions of their chiefs have been ineffectual in recovering and delivering such property, conformably with the condition of the ninth article of a Ante, p. 107. treaty, entered into with the United States, at Fort Clark, the tenth of November, one thousand eight hundred and eight; and as the deductions from their annuities, in conformity to the said article, would deprive them of any for several years, and being destitute of funds to do that justice to the citizens of the United States which is calculated to promote a friendly intercourse, they have agreed, and do hereby agree, to

Cession to the cede to the United States, and forever quit claim to, the tract of country U. S. of a tract included within the following bounds, to wit: Beginning at the Arkanof country with

saw river, at where the present Osage boundary line strikes the river at

wrivor of u in the bounds mentioned. Frog Bayou ; then up the Arkansaw and Verdigris, to the falls of Ver

digris river; thence, eastwardly, to the said Osage boundary line, at a point twenty leagues north from the Arkansaw river; and, with that

line, to the place of beginning. U. S. to pay for Art. 2. The United States, on their part, and in consideration of the certain losses above cession, agree, in addition to the amount which the Osage do now sustained by their citizens.

receive in money and goods, to pay their own citizens the full value of such property as they can legally prove to have been stolen or destroyed by the said Osage, since the year one thousand eight hundred and fourteen : provided the same does not exceed the sum of four thousand

dollars. These articles Art. 3. The articles now stipulated will be considered as permanent to be considered additions to the treaties, now in force, between the contracting parties, as permanent as soon as they shall have been ratif

as soon as they shall have been ratified by the President of the United additions to for mer treaties.

States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of the said United States.

In witness whereof the said William Clark, Commissioner as afore

said, and the considerate men and chiefs aforesaid, have hereunto subscribed their names, and affixed their seals, at St. Louis, this twenty-fifth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighteen, and of the Independance of the United States the forty-third.

WILLIAM CLARK.

Canlenonpe,

Houneagon, or the Gentleman,
Voibatice,

Hoquithevoico,
Thehonache,

Voiscaudhe,
Chonqueauga,

Thedocavoichipiche,
Voipoqua,

Voithevoihe,
Mannansoudhe,

Mitaniga,
Nequivoire,

Thecanique,
Nantagregre,

Voibisonthe,
Manshepogran,

Nicananthevoire,
Pachique,

Honhonquecon,
Tacindhe,

Tanhemonny,
Voiletonchinga,

Sandhecaan,
Voisabevoiquanddague, Pabeskaw, or the White Hairs,
Nanchache,

Kohesegre, or the Great Tract,
Thequalanan,

Nichenmanee, or the Walking Rain,
Theoucoudhe,

Tadhesajaudesor, or the Wind,
Nihecounache,

Nibuedheque, or Sans Oreillez,
Voidenache,

Caniquechaga, or the Little Chief,
Couchestavoilla,

Grinachie, or the Sudden Appearance,
Naquidatonga,

Voihasache, or the Raised Scalp,
Voitanigau,

Dogachiga,
Huquevoire,

Tahechiga.
Hurathi,
Signed, sealed, and delivered, in the presence of Pierre Chouteau. Pierre Menard,
Ind. Agent. Jno. Ruland, Sub Agent. P. L. Chouteau, Interpreter. Paul Loise,
Interpreter Osage. I. T. Honore, Indian Interpreter. Meriwether Lewis Clark.

To the Indian names are subjoined a mark and seal.

ARTICLES OF A TREATY

Made and concluded at St. Mary's, in the state of Ohio, between Oct. 2, 1818.

Jonathan Jennings, Lewis Cass, and Benjamin Parke, com- Proclamation. missioners of the United States, and the Potawatamie nation Jan. 15, 1819. of Indians.

Art. 1, The Potawatamie nation of Indians cede to the United States Cessions of all the country comprehended within the following limits : Beginning at land by the Potthe mouth of the Tippecanoe river, and running up the same to a point tawatimies twenty-five miles in a direct line from the Wabash river—thence, on a line as nearly parallel to the general course of the Wabash river as practicable, to a point on the Vermilion river, twenty-five miles from the Wabash river; thence, down the Vermilion river to its mouth, and thence, up the Wabash river, to the place of beginning. The Potawatamies also cede to the United States all their claim to the country south of the Wabash river.

Art. 2. The United States agree to purchase any just claim which U. S. agree to the Kickapoos may have to any part of the country hereby ceded below purchase Kick.

apoo claim. Pine creek.

Art. 3. The United States agree to pay to the Potawatamies a per- Perpetual anpetual annuity of two thousand five hundred dollars in silver; one half nuity to Pottaof which shall be paid at Detroit, and the other half at Chicago; and all annuities which, by any former treaty, the United States have engaged to pay to the Potawatamies, shall be hereafter paid in silver.

Art. 4. The United States agree to grant to the persons named in Grants not to the annexed schedule, and their heirs, the quantity of land therein be conveyed stipulated to be granted; but the land so granted shall never be con

on without consent

of U. S. veyed by either of the said persons, or their heirs, unless by the consent of the President of the United States.

watimies.

In testimony whereof, the said Jonathan Jennings, Lewis Cass, and

Benjamin Parke, commissioners as aforesaid, and the sachems,
chiefs, and warriors, of the Potawatamie tribe of Indians, have
hereunto set their hands, at St. Mary's, in the state of Ohio, this
second day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight
hundred and eighteen, and of the independence of the United
States the forty-third.

JONATHAN JENNINGS,
LEWIS CASS,
B. PARKE.

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