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In testimony whereof, the said Lewis Cass, James B. Ray, and John
Tipton, Commissioners as aforesaid, and the Chiefs and Warriors of the said Miami tribe, have hereunto set their hands, at the Wabash, on the twenty-third day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-six, and of the Independence of the United States the fifty-first.
White Skin's Son, or the Poplar,
Pe-che-wau, or Jean B. Richardville,
To the Indian names are subjoined marks.
Schedule of grants referred to in the foregoing Treaty, Article 3d.
To John B. Richardville, one section of land, between the mouth of Pipe Creek and the mouth of Eel River, on the north side of the Wabash, and one section on the north-west side of the St. Joseph, adjoining the old boundary line; also, one half section on the east side of the St. Joseph's, below Cha-po-tee's village.
To John B. Boure, one section on the north side of the St. Joseph, including Chop-patees village.
To the wife and children of Charley, a Miami chief, one section where they live.
To Ann Hackley and Jack Hackley, one section each, between the Maumee and the St. Joseph's rivers.
To the children of Maria Christiana De Rome, a half blood Miami, one section between the Maumee and the St. Joseph's.
To Ann Turner, alias Hackley, Rebecca Hackley, and Jane S. Wells, each one half section of land, to be located under the direction of the President of the United States.
To John B. Richardville, one section of land upon the north side of the Wabash, to include a large spring nearly opposite the mouth of Pipe Creek.
To Francois Godfroy, one section above and adjoining said last grant to J. B. Richardville.
To Louison Godfroy, one section above and adjoining the grant to Francois Godfroy.
To Francis Lafontaine, one section above and adjoining the grant to Louison Godfroy.
To John B. Richardville, junior, one section on the Wabash, below and adjoining the reservation running from the Wabash to Eel River.
To Joseph Richardville, one section above and adjoining the reservation running from the Wabash to Eel River.
To La Gros, three sections, where he now lives, and one section adjoining the Cranberry in the Portage Prairie.
A quarter section of land to each of the following persons, namely: Charles Gouin, Purri Gouin, and Therese Gouin, to be located under the direction of the President of the United States.
Two sections of land at the old town on Eel River, to be reserved for the use of the Metchinequea.
ARTICLES OF A TREATY
Made and concluded at the Butte des Morts, on Fox river, in the Aug. 11, 1827.
Territory of Michigan, between Lewis Cass and Thomas L. Proc M Kenney, Commissioners on the part of the United States, Feb. 23, 1829. and the Chippewa, Menomonie, and Winebago tribes of Indians.
Article 1. Whereas, the southern boundary of the Chippewa coun- Chippewa try, from the Plover Portage of the Ouisconsin easterly, was left unde- southern boun. fined by the treaty concluded at Prairie du Chien, August 19, 1825, in
95 in dary left undeconsequence of the non-attendance of some of the principal Menomonie of 1825. chiefs; and, whereas it was provided by the said treaty, that, whenever Ante, p. 272. the President of the United States might think proper, such of the tribes, parties to the said treaty, as might be interested in any particular line, should be convened, in order to agree upon its establishment;
Therefore, in pursuance of the said provision, it is agreed between Southern bounthe Chippewas, Menomonies and Winebagoes, that the southern boundary dary settled. of the Chippeway country shall run as follows, namely: From the Plover Portage of the Ouisconsin, on a northeasterly course, to a point on Wolf river, equidistant from the Ashawano and Post lakes of said river, thence to the falls of the Pashaytig river of Green Bay; thence to the junction of the Neesau Kootag or Burnt-wood river, with the Menomonie; thence to the big island of the Shoskinaubic or Smooth rock river; thence following the channel of the said river to Green Bay, which it strikes between the little and the great Bay de Noquet.
ART. 2. Much difficulty having arisen from the negociations between Territorial difthe Menomonie and Winebago tribes and the various tribes and portions ficulties be.. of tribes of Indians of the State of New York, and the claims of the
tribes referred respective parties being much contested, as well with relation to the to the President tenure and boundaries of the two tracts, claimed by the said New York of the U. S. Indians, west of Lake Michigan, as to the authority of the persons who
Indian recog. nition of U. $. title to a certain tract of land.
signed the agreement on the part of the Menomonies, and the whole subject having been fully examined at the Council this day concluded, and the allegations, proofs, and statements, of the respective parties having been entered upon the Journal of the Commissioners, so that the same can be decided by the President of the United States; it is agreed by the Menomonies and Winebagoes, that so far as respects their interest in the premises, the whole matter shall be referred to the President of the United States, whose decision shall be final. And the President is authorized, on their parts, to establish such boundaries between them and the New York Indians as he may consider equitable and just.
ART. 3. It being important to the settlement of Green Bay that definite boundaries should be established between the tract claimed by the former French and British governments, and the lands of the Indians, as well to avoid future disputes as to settle the question of jurisdiction — It is therefore agreed between the Menomonie tribe and the United States, that the boundaries of the said tracts, the jurisdiction and title of which are hereby acknowledged to be in the United States, shall be as follows, namely :-- Beginning on the shore of Green Bay, six miles due north from the parallel of the mouth of Fox river, and running thence in a straight line, but with the general course of the said river, and six miles therefrom to the intersection of the continuation of the westerly boundary of the tract at the Grand Kaukaulin, claimed by Augustin Grignion; thence on a line with the said boundary to the same; thence with the same to Fox river; thence on the same course, six miles; thence in a direct line to the southwestern boundary of the tract, marked on the plan of the claims at Green Bay, as the settlement at the bottom of the Bay; thence with the southerly boundary of the said tract to the southeasterly corner thereof; and thence with the easterly boundary of the said tract to Green Bay. Provided, that if the President of the United States should be of opinion that the boundaries thus established interfere with any just claims of the New York Indians, the President may then change the said boundaries in any manner he may think proper, so that the quantity of land contained in the said tract be not greater than by the boundaries herein defined. And provided also, that nothing herein contained shall be construed to have any effect upon the land claims at Green Bay; but the same shall remain as though this treaty had not been formed.
Distribution of Art. 4. In consideration of the liberal establishment of the boundagoods among ries as herein provided for, the Commissioners of the United States the Indians.
have this day caused to be distributed among the Indians, goods to the amount of fifteen thousand six hundred and eighty-two dollars, payment
for which shall be made by the United States. Annual appro. Art. 5. The sum of one thousand dollars shall be annually appropriation for edu.
priated for the term of three years; and the sum of fifteen hundred cation of Indians.
dollars shall be annually thereafter appropriated as long as Congress think proper, for the education of the children of the tribes, parties hereto, and of the New York Indians, to be expended under the direc
tion of the President of the United States. Right of U.S.
Art. 6. The United States shall be at liberty, notwithstanding the to punish certain Winebagoes are parties to this treaty, to pursue such measures as they Winnebagoes. may think proper for the punishment of the perpetrators of the recent
outrages at Prairie du Chien, and upon the Mississippi, and for the pre
vention of such acts hereafter. Treaty to be Art. 7. This treaty shall be obligatory after its ratification by the obligatory when ratified.
President and Senate of the United States.
Done at the Butte des Morts, on Fox river, in the Territory of
Michigan, this eleventh day of August, 1827.
WITNESSES :- Philip B. Key, Secretary. E. Boardman, Captain, 2d. U. S. Infantry. Henry R. Schoolcraft, U. S. Indian Agent. Henry B. Brevoort, U. S. Indian Agent. Thomas Rowland. D. G. Jones. R. A. Forsyth. S. Conant. E. A. Brush. Jn. Bte. Fcois. Fauvel, Clergyman. Jesse Miner. Henry Conner, Interpreter. John Kinzie, Jr.
To the Indian names are subjoined marks.
(NOTE.-This treaty was ratified with this proviso, contained in the resolution of the Senate : “ That the said treaty shall not impair or affect any right or claim which the New York Indians or any of them have to the lands or any of the lands mentioned in the said treaty."]
Between the United States and the Potawatamie Tribe of Indians. Sept. 19, 1827.
Proclamation, In order to consolidate some of the dispersed bands of the Potawatan Feb. 23, 1829. mie Tribe in the Territory of Michigan at a point removed from the road leading from Detroit to Chicago, and as far as practicable from the settlements of the Whites, it is agreed that the following tracts of land, heretofore reserved for the use of the said Tribe, shall be, and they are Cession of land hereby, ceded to the United States.
by the Indians. Two sections of land on the river Rouge at Seginsairn's village. Two sections of land at Tonguish's village, near the river Rouge.
That part of the reservation at Macon on the river Raisin, which yet belongs to the said tribe, containing six sections, excepting therefrom one half of a section where the Potawatamie Chief Moran resides, which shall be reserved for his use. 39
2 A 2
One tract at Mang ach qua village, on the river Peble, of six miles square.
One tract at Mickesawbe, of six miles square.
One tract at the village of Match e be nash she wish, at the head of the Kekalamazoo river, of three miles square, which tracts contain in the whole ninety nine sections and one half section of land.
And in consideration of the preceding cession, there shall be reserved for the use of the said tribe, to be held upon the same terms on which Indian reservations are usually held, the following tracts of land.
Sections numbered five, six, seven and eight, in the fifth township, south of the base line, and in the ninth range west of the principal meridian in the Territory of Michigan.
The whole of the fifth township, south, in the tenth range, west, not already included in the Nottawa Sape reservation.
Sections numbered one, two, eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, twenty three, twenty four, twenty five, twenty six, thirty five, and thirty six, in the fifth township, south, and eleventh range, west.
The whole of the fourth township, south, in the ninth range, west.
Sections numbered eight, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen, twenty, twenty nine, thirty, thirty one and thirty two, in the fourth township, south, and ninth range, west.
Sections numbered one, two, eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, twenty three, twenty four, twenty five, twenty six, thirty five and thirty six, in the fourth township, south, and eleventh range, west.
Which tracts of land will form a continuous reservation, and contain ninety nine sections.
After this treaty shall be ratified by the President and Senate, the same shall be obligatory on the United States and the said tribe of Indians.
Treaty binding when ratified.
In testimony whereof, Lewis Cass, Commissioner on the part of the United States, and the Chiefs and Warriors of the said tribe, have hereunto set their hands at St. Joseph, in the Territory of Michigan, this nineteenth day of September, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and twenty-seven.