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known. He married Graine, or Grace, the daughter of nell, who died at Liege, in Germany, without issue; 3, Rory (son of Colonel Manus O'Donnell, who was slain John, who died unmarried ; 4, Con O'Donnell, who at Benburb, in 1646,) and half-sister of Colonel Manus married Mary, second daughter of Denis O'Conor, of O'Donnell, of Newport, by whom he had John and Belanagare, Esq., and sister of the late Owen O'Conor Charles, whose issue are extinct, and Hugh O'Donnell, Don, M.P. for the county of Roscommon, and of the of Larkfield, who was called “The O'Donnell,” and even famous Dr. O'Conor, author of the Rerum Hibernicarum Earl of Tirconnell, by his cotemporaries ; but he could Scriptores, and had by her four sons : 1, Con O'Donnot have been Earl according to the laws of England, as nell, Esq., barrister-at-law ; 2, John; 3, Connell, and is very clear from Earl Rory's patent. After the 4, Neal. This family is now represented in the senior defeat of King James II., this Hugh removed from the line by the Rev. Constantine O'Donnell, a Protestant county of Donegal, and took refuge first at a place clergyman in Yorkshire, who is the eldest son of Con called Mullaghbane, near the head of Lough-da-ein, O'Donnell, Esq., of Larkfield, who died in 1825, who now Lough Macnean, in the county of Fermanagh, and was the son of Hugh O'Donnell, of Larkfield, Esq., son shortly afterwards settled at Larkfield, near Manor- of Con, son of Hugh, son of Connell, the brother of BallHamilton, in the county of Leitrim. He married twice : dearg O'Donnell, whose history we have now laid befirst, Flora Hamilton, daughter of John Hamilton, Esq., fore the public. of Cavan, and sister of John Count Hamilton, of the We have now completed the history and genealogy Austrian service, and he had by her two sons : first, of the race of Hugh Boy, the son of Con. We have Connell Count O'Donnell, Knight Grand Cross of the still to give the more recent and interesting history of Order of Maria Theresa, Governor of Transylvania, and the next branch of this great family, who have figured so a Field Marshal in the Austrian service, who, on Leo- conspicuously in the wars of Europe for the last century. pold Count Daun being wounded, commanded the Imperial army at the battle of Torgau, and died unmarried in 1771 ; and, second, John Count O'Donnell, in the same service. This Hugh married, secondly, Mar- THE BANKS OF THE TOLKA, AND THE garet, daughter of Hugh Montgomery, Esq., of Derry
BANKS OF THE THAMES. gonnelly, in the county of Fermanagh, by whom he had Con O'Donnell, of Larkfield, the ancestor of the O'Don- ONCE upon a time, a fit, so to speak, of genuine, nells of Larkfield and Greyfield, of whom the Rev. Con- hearty loyalty overtook us
unawares ; and during stantine O'Donnell, now
a Protestant clergyman in several successive days an observant companion might Yorkshire, is the nndoubted head. Of this Hugh have overheard us ejaculating in a quite unusual strain, O'Donnell, who died in 1754, and his sons by his first and calling down blessings on the head of our gracious marriage, the venerable Charles O'Conor, of Belanagare, sovereign, Queen Victoria. Such a “beautiful fytte," has the following notice in his “ Dissertations on the it must be confessed, never seized us in the course of Ancient History of Ireland," edition of 1753, p. 231 : our travels through the length and breadth of our own
“ The Tyrconnell race produceth at this day persons green isle, where, indeed, one's acclamations are far who reflect back on their ancestors the honours they de- likelier to be, God help the poor! than, God save the rive from them, particularly Conall and John O'Donnell, Queen!
Queen! Our home was many a mile left behind, when sufficiently recorded in our gazettes for their exploits the current of our cogitations set in this new direction. in the late wars, in the service of the Empress-Queen In order to explain how and why it was that her of Hungary. These excellent general-officers are the Majesty made such a step in our favourable opinion, it sons of a worthy person, Hugh O'Donnell, the chief of will be necessary to describe the sort of place we do the Tyrconnell line, and of Flora, the sister of the late live in, when we are at hoine. Well, then ; we do not General Hamilton, who, if I be well informed, died in live within the city bounds, as delineated by line of the Imperial service."
road or water-way; neither is our dwelling to be found There is still extant, in the handwriting of James in terrace, square, or cottage ornée of any of the fashionMaguire, already referred to, an Irish poem, addressed able suburbs. Ours is not a "rising" neighbourhood, to this Hugh O'Donnell, by Father Patrick Duff O’Cur- nor a particularly desirable neighbourhood. Of course, nin, who calls him “the alumnus of heroes, the gene- haviog neither present prosperity to exult in, por rous son of Connell, who hoarded not his wealth, grand- future bright prospects to look forward to, it is son of John, great-grandson of the bountiful Hugh, who always apologetically said to have seen better days, and was the son of Con, who hoarded not his plunders ! preserves traditions of its own, albeit unsupported by the wide-spreading oak, which sheltered the poets and documentary evidence of any authority, referring to the feeble.”
good old times, when it was much resorted to by families Con O'Donnell, of Larkfield, was, after the death of of taste and fortune, held its head high, and kept its his father, Hugh, and his half-brothers, considered by rents up gloriously. However, even as it is, moderate his Irish neighbours as “The O'Donnell." He married people can live in it very cosily ; nay, even a handsome Mary O'Donnell, sister of the first Sir Neil O'Don- income could be got through without going very much nell, of Newport, and had by her, 1, Hugh O'Don- out of one's way in the achievement. As is usual with nell, of Larkfield, Esq.; and, 2, Connell O'Don- localities of a gone-down aspect, the residents are of a
motley order, being indeed so diversified, and sometimes so unique in character and condition, that it only needs the pen of a Miss Mitford to make Our Avenue as famous now, as “Our Village” was in days gone by.
We are not going to violate the seclusion of our sanctum, by informing the general public whether it lies north, sonth, east, or west of the General Pust Office. Suffice it to say, that we are not out of hearing of the booming clock of the said great national institution, but can readily distinguish the chimes when the wind is favourable ; even the variations of “College time” are, under similar circumstances, made known to us by the deep-toned, sonorous call to chapel or commons. We can have rolls for our early breakfast with the glow of city ovens about them, and our morning paper is delivered in all its dampness before the dew is off the graus. In fine, most of the luxuries of civilized life are within reach; and if somewhat mors withdrawn than the mere siruation warrants, from the vortex of the busier metropolitan world, it is certainly our own fault, though we cannot acknowledge, our own misfortune. Be the reason what it may, we hold the position to be a good one, and from our vantage ground very comfortably look abroad from time to time, criticilly or observantly.
Our neighbours, properly so called, occupy us, however, very little. The state of things in an adjoining di itrict, which we pass through or skirt along in our daily rambles, engiges our attention somewhat exclusively; and we are much taken up tracing the causes of a very curious condition of affairs in that quarter, and devising schemes of amelioration. A roadway, a river, and a bridge form the boundary between a tolerably quiet, orderly neighbourhood, and a district notoriously different in repute-a thickly-inhabited territory, with far more than a fair proportion of drunkards and vagabonds, ragged shrewish women, and untamed, unwashed, ontatored ragamuffins of either sex. Public opinion says that every body drinks, and that when a fellow gors to the bad, he is no worse than the rest of us ;" public opinion asserts that it is nothing “off the common” for disorderly women to rob, and drink the plundur, and go about in the face of day as if they were anything but ashamed of themselves. Public opinion seems to imply that children may go to school or not as they fancy, and that parents have really no control over their offspring. Public opinion, in a word, is so conveniently constituted, that outlaws from other quarters find the district quite a desirable settlement, and so it becomes a drain for the blackguardism of distant townships. The customs and manners of the inhabitants have been moulded, as elsewhere, in accordance with surrounding circumstances. Small things lead to great, and a seeming accident stamps the character of a population.
Here, for example, the supply of water is at the lowest ebb; pipe-water conveyance is unknown, and there are no public drinking-fountains. At one extremity runs a brackish stream, at the other stagnates the canal; every drop of water used by the inhabitants of the inter
mediate cluster of cabins, has to be fetched from either reservoir ; and the children of the district are, as a matter of course, and greatly to their hurt, kept from school and engaged in this service. They seem to be born to the vocation. As soon almost as they have a leg to stand on, a tio can, scarcely larger than a porringer, is delivered over to them, and they are sent up to the canal or down to the river, as the case may be. Gangs of young scapegraces are to be seen at certain hours of the day, and indeed at no hour fail entirely, rushing out wildly to the sound of tin kettles, crying and shouting, or returning laboriously with their thimbleful of liquid mud, which is generally reduced two-thirds by leakage on the way, if not altogether lost in a scuffle with other urchins of the same calling. Even the more grown portion of the population saem never to be thoroughly emancipated from this peculiar servitude ; the habit of running for water sticks to them. The “boys” contrive to infuse a dash of variety into the daily routine, by firing off volleys of stones, to the danger and consternation of wayfarers, and fighting pitched battles, pitcher in hand, with rivals in the river. The young women recreate themselves with jests and jeerings none of the choicest, and a romp occasionally with the afuresaid “ boys ;" while the old wives enjoy a hearty gossip from time to time, as occasion permits, squatted on the kerb-stone. Our own acquaintance among the water-carriers includes “ a fool" of the male sex, a deaf and dumb girl, a young lady in a circle of crinoline, with gold- headed pins in her hair, who carries her can like an empress; and we have “heard tell” of a blind woman, who is as handy and judicious as her neighbours in the same pursuit.
On the banks of the canal all goes on smooth enough ; a well-grounded fear of sudden immersion, as a consequence of indiscretion or a single false step, tends to produce a temporary gravity of deportment along that line of operation; besides, the tide of popular favour does not tend towards the canal for sound sanitary reasons, intimated in the belief, that “numbers of people does be drownded in it!" But the river has no terrors; and judging from appearances, every biped and quadruped of the viciuity is to be found in the midst some time or other in the twenty-four hours. Into that the watercarriers paddle knee deep, disputing the road, or rather the stream, with plunging horses, yelping terriers in an ecstacy of splashing, and jarveys bare to knee and elbow, vigorously mopping the “outsides” in the middle of the troubled waters. Bakers' and butchers' carts invariably take a turu in the river; we have seen a stylish M.D.'s pair of greys undergoing a cooling in the same fashion, and have witnessed the spectacle of a hearse with nodding plumes and yoke of coal-black steeds disporting with anything but a mournful air over the irregularities of the streamlet's narrow bed. The pure quality of the water may be inferred from these facts, and from the additional one, that, twice a day, “the salt sea water passes by,” in due tidal course, changing, if not refreshing, the current of the stream.
So much for what may be termed the retail branch
of the business. There are also wholesale water-mer- the im nense benefit sure to arise to the multitude of chants who deal largely in the liquid element, convey- his tenants, should a plentiful supply of water be brought ing the supply from lane to lane, ia open barrels fixed to their very doors. on carts of the rudest construction, and drawn by don- Bat to make up for the scarcity of water in this lokeys full from tooth to tail of the vices of their race. cality, strong drinks abound, and can be bad for the These nomadic establishments are usually served by customary equivalent. There are five houses wherein girls; one barefoot draggle-tail, balancing herself in the refreshm 3ot of this kind can be obtained, along a line midst of barrels and buckets, and dealing out penny- of road scarcely a quarter of a mile in length. Every worths of water to her customers; whilst another, facility is indeed afforded for the indulgence of thirsty equipped in a manner equally worthy of the work, runs souls who love whiskey, an i jovial spirits who delight in a foot, vigorously “whacking the baste.” Overtures
a row; even the case of the weak-minded is provided have more than once been made to these poor girls with fur, so that such wayfarer3 a3 have resisted a first temp. the charitable intent of inducing them to quit their tation, have an opportunity afforded of falling into a miserable occupation, to go to school, or learn a trade; secon l, third, fourth, or fifth. In go the customers, but invariably without success. So utterly wretched well balanced, with head erect; out they com?, in & is their condition, that they cannot afford to attend wondrously short time, in their transformed condition, school or prepare for any industrial pursuit; for where cursing, swearing, reeling, drivelling. On Sunday, of would the morsel of food come from in case they lay by course, by virtue of the law, front doors are not open for a day? And besides, it is not easy to tame down till after church hours. This, at any rate, looks decoto habits of civilization a girl grown to fifteen or six- rous, and is highly creditable, and the Sabbath is teen in this gipsy sort of life. One solit ury instance honoured thereby. But, where there is a will there is a comes to mind of a girl of this kind having been per- way; and “first mazs" is scarcely over when a trusty su ided to enter some other service, whom we afterwards underling may be seen occasionally thrusting his head out nised to see in the vicinity of her native alley, support- of a side door, to be sure that no member of the Metro. ing an altogether new ch ıracter, with boots, and no politan police force is in view, and proceeding to admit doubt stockings, and wearing a bonnet, visible at the with all caution the wretched strollers who are th 13 back of her head. Great, however, was our disappoint- ready betimes to begin the Sunday carouse. As the ment to recognise her not long since, once more in clock strikes two, bolts and bars are withdrawn; parcommand of the cart, rattling down the hill in a glorious ties of men-many of them comfortably clad—who have din of cans, buckets, pitchers, and tin kettlez—the old been litering ia expectation of the signal at the corner character once more assum'd in the bare feet, shock of the lanes, nɔw walk in without reproach, and from head, and customary equipment of rags.
that out may drink away their senses, never violating What the pig used to be in other parts of the country, any law of the land. Miny of the natives —it is no sethe donkey is here, namely, the support and consola- cre:-have commenced overnight; and the interior of tion of the family to which he belongs; ouly, in this their cabins in the early afternoon, when the church case the sale or death of the animal is the signal of dire bells have ce ised ringing, must be a picture of delight distress to the household. Never more than a few to the whiskey-demon. The broken-dowa mother is shillings are invested in such stock, and it is admitted there in a state of unspeakable dirt and disorder, having all the world over that there is very little use in a dead "no clothes to go to mass ;" the children are crawling donkey. A poor woman, who exc'aimed once in our about unwashed, and all but unclad; and a breathing hearing, “ It is hard for nine of a family to live out of heap of insensibility—the father of the family-lies in a an ass //” we saw actually yoked herself to the cart, corner unable to rise, having got through the feat of when death had released the said qu idraped fron his drinking his wages the previous night. In too many onerous responsibilities.
cases the women drink also; and we even know some A fountain of simple construction, or a good pump instances of the wives of sober men being confirmed at the head of each lane, would do more, we firmly be. tipplers. Such characters are laughel at, but not lieve, for the comfort, education, and civilization of this shunned. idle, vicious population than any scheme of general re- At night, when the public-houses are forcibly cleared, form, or even the widest extension of the elective fran- the high ro id is often a scene of wild disorder--atives chise. If five or six of the worthy citizens who ride and strangers in altercation, and the air laden with blaspast in their handsome carriages to their offices every phemy. It is a rule that men coming here to drink morning, gave a moment's thoug'it to the subject, the from other parts of the town, must either fight, or subwhole aspect of things might be changed, and at a mar- mit to be mercilessly bcaten; so that unfortunate carvellously trifling cost. The landlords of the district it
men who have stopped for a glass too late in the evenseems vain to hope anything from. One of the largest ing, are often fearfully maltreated upon leaving the scene proprietors in a quarter similarly situated, signalised of their folly. There is no police station in the vicinity, himself, we understand, quite recently, by his violent and, generally, things have come to the worst before the opposition to the Dublin Water Works Bill, objecting, services of the force are in requisition. The natives flatno doubt, to the slight increase of taxation which should ter themselves that the police are afraid to approach too fall to his own share, and apparently not appreciating near ; but be that as it may, it is ludicrous to see them
He is compa
coming down with their long swords when the slaughter is well nigh over, and carrying off the already vanquished with due solemnity. The constabulary, to be sie, are not far off. But non-interference is their standing order; they should be “called out” in due form ; and, moreover, are generally in bed before the serious busiDess of the evening begins. The establishment of a police-station is, after all, neither impossible nor very dillicult; it could be done on the application of a few respectable persons living in the neighbourhood, and would be of considerable use in keeping at least the seasoned reprobates in order.
Perhaps, however, the greatest want is that of a large room and field, as a place of shelter and recreation for the young men of the locality. Painful and ominous it is 10 see lads of from twelve to twenty years of age collected in groups on the road side when work is over, or stupidly loitering away the whole length of the Sunday, crouching for shelter in cold weather uuder the eaves of corner houses, and in summer stretched full length under the presumed shade of the low mud-wall that skirts the dirty road. The proximity to the public-house is like to be fatal, while their sole amusement consists in the vicious jeering of the passers by, the fun of seeing the drunken revellers tumbling out of those scenes of disorder, and the exciting vicissitudes of pitch and toss. We have sometimes noticed zealous advocates of the temperance movement taking their rounds through this benighted region, lamenting, as may well be supposed, the depravity which is visibly the consequence of almost universal intemperance; and often it has struck us how all but hopeless is the endeavour to reason or coax into virtuous courses hoary-headed bond-slaves of the Evil One, and how much better it would be to forego the glory of converting scoundrels of old standing, and adopt the far completer plan of stopping the growth of vice by saving the young, in giving them other objects of interest and other amusements than those their wretched fathers pos sessed. Whenever allusion is made to the necessity of doing something for the benefit of this particular class, a dark hint is thrown out about night schools, or purely religious associations are proposed. This is too high a flight for the situation. School benches are not considered the softest seat after a hard day's work; and to ask a poor labouring boy to give the residue of his hours of toil to praise and prayer, risks the chance of a pointblank denial, It is amusement of a healthy kind he wants. If it be not provided he will divert himself with what is neither safe nor profitable. Should a plan be asked for, suitable to circumstances such as have been described, it is easily given. Advertisements and flourish of trumpets are not necessary; neither should the fir-t step-as happens but too often in Ireland—be the investment of capital in bricks and mortar, and the erection of an imposing institution, with portico and Ionic pillars. A roofed-in building, hardly better than a shed, would answer, supposing it to contain one large room with fire-places. Here the frequenters might sit and bunge, and warm themselves, and read if they could or Would, by cheerful gas-light. Without, there should be
a good field, where they could have their games of skittles and knocks, and cricket and foot-ball, There should, morcover, be rough-hewn seats at intervals, and an inexhaustible pump, in case the river did not happen to run that way. Very little money would be needed to set this going; the penny-a-week subscriptions of the members would eventually cover the rent; and depend upon it, a diversion would soon be made of a kind not serviceable to the licensed yintners, Albeit, hoping against hope, we are always full of the idea that the Catholic young men's societies, or the gentlemen of the Society of St. Vincent de Paul, may some time or another undertake and supervise the working of some practical plan of this
Let it be remembered that the poor man's leisure is a precious interval. Rarely indeed is his daily toil demoralising in its nature or results. ratively safe while at work, and falls into real danger and fatal mischief only when he is abandoned to his own devices for amusement.
But the Queen-God bless her!—we entirely forgot all this time. In fact, we never concerned ourselvis about her Majesty's private opinions, or guessed there might be any sympathy between the Sovereign of these realms and ourselves, until good fortune brought us not long since to the banks of the Thames, and left us to roam and dream beneath the shadow of the Palace and the chestuut groves of Hampton Court. To tarry any time in London without setting apart a day for an excarsion to this charming scene, wbich the past has so wondrously peopled, would be equally opposed to our priuciples and our practice. So true a peace reigns within the old building, so pleasant a stillness pervades the wellcared gardens and royal parks, that, even in a physical sense, it is a thoroughly refreshing retreat from the roar and restlessness of the huge capital of England; whilst the tranquilizing effect on the mind is no less sensibly felt by the sojourner-such marvellous events have swept by, such wild vicissitudes of fortune, such keen sufferings and such vivid joys have left their mark in history since Wolsey planned this pleasure Palace ! much is changed and lost, yet so much
remains anharmed, almost untouched, in the midst of the revolutions of life and time! On the occasion referred to we lingered many days ; became acquainted with every winding way through the plantations ; felt quite at home in the long suite of state apartments; grew familliar with the faces of the servants in care of the Palace, and the dragoons-men on guard at the gates; got, too, our favourite pictures in every room copied by a process faster than Daguerre ever dreamed of, and hung up in our own private gallery, where memory has charge of them.
The river we learned to know and admire under every aspect. It is a beautiful river here; sufficient in its own beauty and the graceful sweep of the banks which it has here and there fertilized into velvet lawns, or made a pleasant growing-place for willows and sallows, and such thirsty trees as can never get too near the nursing river. Truly, it boasts of no mountain back-ground, or castles on the cliff, or towns of storied interest clustered on the
borders; and it can do without all these. It is deepchannelied enough, with wayward currents of its own, to make those take heed who venture in a tiny craft upon its “silent highway." It is clear enough to reflect and intensify the colours of the sunset; and calm enough to receive and retain the massy shadows cast athwart its
Home Park. On the left bank stretch the Palace gardens and terraces, till they open into the wider expanse of lawn and park—a quiet by-path separating the railed enclosure from the river. In the evening, when all liv. ing things seem to grow familiar, as if sympathising in the one great need and comfort—the coming rest of night—the deer come close up and thrust their pretty faces through the bars, as if wanting to see what is going on below there in the river. Out from their hidden nests in the reedy islets, sail the stately swans, "floating double, swan and shadow,"_stately, yet familiar; or it may be, trebly vigilant, when an idle boatman, taking the shallow side of the island sanctuary, approaches too near, leaving the mark of oars in the sandy margin, or doing damage to the slepder border of rushes. Then, indeed, the bird on guard, with crested neck and loosened wing, bears down upon the intruder, and sails in company with the unwelcome boat until all danger is for the moment passed. The swans have pleasant times of it here. They seem to consider themselves part of the spectacle, and on holidays, when the Londoners have come down in full force, they are in the thick of the ferryboats. Nevertheless, we have ofien been surprised to meet them out so late in the still evening, dropping down with the stream as if merely come out for a breath of fresh air, or otherwise triumphantly breasting the current, returning home, to all appearance, with news of branches of the family setiled in reecly homes of their own about Kingston or Ditton,
The still evening, did we say? Still! Was there ever, in all the world, heard such an outburst of song ? Blackbirds, and thrushes, and “minor minstrels” of the feathered tribe, all carolling in such melodious concert ! Far overhead, on the topmost spray of the great trees which stand in file along the banks, they call and answer from either side. The height at which the choristers are perched, and the harmoniziug influence of the expanse of intermediate water, toning down the outpouring of note and cadence, and harmonizing all. Anything like this singing of birds we never heard ; chorus succeeding chorus, and the high solo parts taken by favourites of the forest. Sometimes a little bird would fly ciowo and perch quite tamely, not on oar's length off, on a stone by the river's side; or a winged messenger would dart across the evening blue on an emba:sy, as it were, from chorus to double chorus. By and by the last faint glory of the supset melts from the sky, and the joy of the many-voiced choir likewise faints away, leaving the nightingale, which is joyful longer than its fellows, “in full-throated ease” 10 while away the transient summer night.
But there is something pleasant about this place every hour of the day, and every season of the year. The
knack of always looking well belongs to it. In summer, of course, all looks royally splendid in the shine of foliage and sunshine. But even when the rain falls there is an air of dignity preserved; the pinnacles and ornameutal chimney-shafts of the palace buildings stand out in solid stately fashion against the murky sky; the nob! east front of deep-red brick, with its white stone carv, ings and decorations, seems incapable of receiving harın even from such adverse "skyey iufluences ;" the grass changes to a more vivid green before one's very eyes; and the blue mist gathering round the roots of the trees in the long avenues of chestout and elm, somehow ap. pears to add to the height of these wide-armed children of the woodlands. Even in winter, the evergreen plantations, the long lines of yew, the luxuriant ivy twineil about the trunks and branches of the leafless trees, contrive to cheat the rigid season of its inherent right to disarray and desolate. We have made visits to the palace in the early forenoon, before strangers arrived; have seen Wolsey's hall without a soul in it; have been all alone with Raphael's cartoons ; and have listened to our own footsteps re-echoed through the solitary courts. At a later hour we have been amidst the throng of visitors, amused with their looks of wonder and delight, and the odd remarks thrown out as they passel along. Whilst again, we have tarried in the long line of the state apartments until the signal for closing was given, and the servants appeared with their mops and dusters, and night-coverings for the precious old-world furniture. The gardens and the lovely terrace-walk overlooking the Thames, we many times lingered in till nightfall, hurrying home through dim courts and gas-lit passages, and clearing the last gate just as the palace clock struck ten. But even in the loneliest hours how the solitude was peopled with shapes and processions filing off through the centuries ! What names would coine to mind at every turn !- names, too, familiar to every school-boy. To be here is like getting an objectlesson in the by-paths of Eoglish history,
Cardinal Wolsey absolutely haunts the place. He was in the very zenith of his glory, when, indulging his passion for building, he planned out this princely structure, and purchasing the site from the Knights-Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem, set the warden of the Cinque Ports to superintend the works, and furnish, as best he could, supplies for the necessary outlay. Here he lived for a short season, in truly royal splendour, eight hundred persons in his suite, and young lords and the sons of gentlemen, with retainers of their own, in daily attendance on him whom the king delighted to honour, Old chroniclers love to dwell on the magnificence of the pageants, masques, and banquets, with which the Cardinal entertained his visitors. When the French ambassadors arrived to confirm the peace between the three great sovereigns of Europe, all the cutistes of London seem to have been summoned to Hampton Court, and occupied hanging the presence chambers and banqueting halls with “very rich arras, and a sumptuous cloth of estate;" setting up silk beds ; and “nobly garnyshing" sleeping apartments for two hundred and