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“I was consecrated in Antwerp, Sunday last, the 8th of May, 1669, and ! now return in haste to London to meet Peter Walsh, and oppose his infamous efforts against God, the king, and his country in the province of Armagh there is such confusion that I suppose an Archbishop will soon be appointed.”

During the time that he filled this office of agent to the Irish Bishops, Dr. Plunket laboured indefatigably to unmask and defeat the plausible villanies of Walsh and Taffe, two unfortunate Franciscan Friars, who after exerting themselves to the utmost to sow disunion among the Confederated Catholics, now sought by a base compromise of every principle, spiritual and temporal, to ingratiate themselves with Charles II., and his deputy Ormond. Walsh hated the policy of Rinuccini, because the latter, as a churchman would have compelled him to live within the walls of his convent, wear his habit, and practise the austere rule which he professed with his lips ; but as this manner of life had no attraction for one who valued viceregal claret and recognition more than he did the ordinances of his founder, he became the tool and toady of Ormond, and a bitter enemy to his unfortunate countrymen. 'Twas one of Owen O'Neill's regrets that he did not hang this said Walsh for playing the spy in his quarters, and had he done so we are quite satisfied that a few yards of rope never could have been applied to a better purpose.

Taafe, Walsh's accomplice in this nefarious business, forged a Bull empowering him to depose such ecclesiastics as would not sign the “Remonstrance” or who would not adopt his views for the reformation of the Irish Church. A passage in a letter addressed to Dr. Plunket by his relative, the Bishop of Ardagh, touching this arrant impostor, is extremely valuable.

“For the rest, it would be tedious to describe all the particulars of the manner of proceeding of this friar, ex ungue leonem. He has commanded all his Visitators to exact twenty scudi from each Vicar-General, and four scudi from each Parish Priest; and he commanded that in case of poverty, and of their not being able to pay this sum, they should on three successive Sundays, intra Missarum Solennia, ask it as alms from the people. His manner of life gives occasion to great scandal. May God grant him repentance, and give him grace to change his life.”

On the death of Edmund O'Reilly, which cccurred in Paris in 1669, the recently-appointed Irish prelates wrote to the Pope, praying bim to appoint a successor to the deceased Archbishop of Armagh. Dr. Talbot, and others of the Irish hierarchy, named various persons as worthy of being raised to such an eminence; but Clement IX. not wishing to waste time in discussing the merits of those recommended from beyond the seas, resolved at once to nominate Oliver Plunket to the primatial see of Ireland. The announcement of Dr. Plunket's elevation was hailed with joy by the majority of the Irish clergy at home and abroad, and we must refer our readers to Dr. Moran's work for the numerous letters addressed by French, bishop of Ferns, then in exile, Dowley, Vicar Apostolic of Limerick, O'Moloney, subsequently bishop of Killaloe, Baldeschi aid others, congratulating ibc Holy See on its sclectiun.

Fearing, however, to deepen the prejudices with which the English government would have regarded any Catholic prelate coming direct from Rome, it was deemed expedient that Dr. Plunket's consecration should take place in Ghent, where it was duly performed by the bishop of that city, November 30, 1669. A most circumstantial narrative of the ceremony from the pen of the aged bishop of Feros is given in extenso by Dr. Moran. On bis route to Ireland, which had suffered so terribly during his exile of nearly a quarter of a century, Dr. Plunket tarried in London for some days, visiting his friends at court, and using his best efforts with the king's ministers in behalf of the Irish Catholics, so ill requited for their loyalty to the house of Stuart. Arriving at Holyhead early in March, 1870, he was detained there twelve days favourable winds, and at length reached the Irish shores some time before the close of that month. Let us give his own account of his journey and reception in Dub'in :

“I at length arrived in this city on Monday last, and I may say that I suffered more from London to Holyhead than during the remainder of the journey from Rome to London. I was detained twelve days at Holyhead in con: sequence of contrary winds; and then, after a sail of ten hours, I arrived in this port, where the many welcomes and caresses of my friends mitigated the grief with which I was oppressed on account of my departure from Rome. Sir Nicholas Plunket at once invited me to his house, and gave me his carriage : the Earl of Fingall, who is my cousin, invited me to his country-seat. The baron of Louth will give me board and lodging in my own Diocese as long as I please, and I am resolved to accept the invitation of this gentleman, as he lives in the very centre of my mis. sion : there are also three other knights who are married to three of my cousins, and who vie with each other in seeing which of them shall receive me into his house.

“I set out upon my journey despite the severity of the weather, that during the Lent I might be able to discharge part of my duty in my Province.”

At this period Lord Roberts was viceroy, and the Irish Catholics, rejoiced at being rid of their implacable enemy Ormond, flattered themselves with the hope of being allowed to exercise their religion unmolested in the back lanes of cities and in the lonely glens of the secluded districts. A letter, however, from Lord Conway to bis brother-in-law Sir George Rawdon, dated Dublin, November, 1669, shews the animus of the government, and with what uneasiness the Primate's arrival was watched.

“I am to give you notice," writes Conway, “hy command of the deputy, that the king hath privately informed him of two persons sent from Rome, that lie lurking in this country, to do mischief. One is Agnetti, an Italian, employed by the College de Propaganda ; the other is Plunket, Titular Archbishop of Armagh. If you can dexterously find them out and apprehend them, 'twill be an acceptable service. I told him I did not think they kept their residence in our parts (Lisburn); however, he thinks it his duty to search ererywhere."

In May, 1670, Lord Roberts was succeeded in the deputyship by Lord Berkeley, and it appears that he came to Ireland with instructions “ to execute the laws against the titular archbishops, bishops, etc., etc., that have threatened or excommunicated the Remonstrants,"


and with recommendations “ to endeavour to bring all to a conformity in the religion by law established.” Berkeley, however, was an upright and tolerant man ; so much so that the Irish Catholics enjoyed comparative quiet during his administration. Dr. Plunket testifies this in his correspondence: and he also informs us that in the time of Lord Berkeley " he held synods and ordinations, established schools in Armagh and Drogheda, and in a month and a half confirmed more than ten thousand persons.” Overpowered at last by the fanaticism of the English Parliament, Berkeley was removed, to make way for the Earl of Essex, who came to Ireland in 1672. At the commencement of this administration (which lasted till the reinstatement of Ormond in 1677), the bishops and clergy were sorely persecuted, so much so, that the Primate and his quondam fellowstudent, Dr. Brennan, Bishop of Waterford, had to lie hid in the glens of Ulster till Essex, naturally a humane man, grew tired of such cruel proceedings. To form anything like an adequate notion of Dr. Plunket's labours for the general welfare of the Irish Catholics at this period, we must remit the reader to Dr. Moran's work, which, as we have already said, teems with original documents from the Primate and his confrères in the hierarchy. His unciring efforts to educate his flock, the beneficial influence he employed with Essex to save the misguided peasantry from the sword and gallows; in a word, all the high attributes of a bishop so nobly exemplified in his person, are graphically described in the pages before us. Indeed, we do not exaggerate the importance of Dr. Moran's work when we state, that no one can be thoroughly acquainted with the ecclesiastical and civil history of the period to which it relates till he has read it attentively from cover to cover.

Want of space, however, compels us to pass over many of its most thrilling episodes, such as Dr. Plunket's visitation of his own diocese and those of his contemporary prelates, the synods at which he presided, the terrible prejudices with wbich he had to wrestle, the abuses he laboured to uproot, the reforms he introduced, and that most brilliant passage in his careerthe controversy with Dr. Talbot concerning the primacy. For full and circumstantial details on these and many other subjects of cognate interest, we must refer to the work itself, in order that we may be able to give our readers some particulars immediately connected with Dr. Plunket's glorious death.

We bave already stated that the earl of Essex was viceroy till 1677, when he was superseded by that most uurelenting enemy of the Catholics-lord Ormond. At the commencement of his administration, Ormond affected to treat the Catholics with kindness; but in the following year, when Titus Oates rekindled the smouldering embers of fanaticism in England, he gladly availed himself of the trumped-up conspiracy as a pretext for oppressing them and their clergy. Proclamation after proclamation was posted in cvery city and town throughout the island, commanding all popish priests, bishops, etc., etc., to quit the kingdom, and offering a reward of ten pounds for the arrest of a bishop, and half that sum for the capture of a simple

priest. Dr. Talbot, who had just then returned from the Continent, was the first victim of this injustice, and he was forth with committed to the prison of Dublin Castle. In the December of 1679, Dr. Plunket was arrested and thrown into the same jail; not indeed on any charge or treason, but for having remained in Irelan i despite the proclamation.

Nevertheless there were agencies at work to compass his death, and witnesses were forthcoming to prove that he had entered into a conspiracy “to murder all the Protestants, and to establish the Romish religion in Ireland; that he also had visited all the fortresses in the kingdom, and held a provincial council to introduce the French.” The principal witness who was to prove all this was one Mac Moyer, a Franciscan friar, a man of infamous lire, whom the primate vainly sought to reclaim from evil

Dr. Moran informs us that this apostate had been a novice in St. Isidore's at Rome, in 1669, and that he and some other congenial spirits were expelled that convent for decapitating a bust of the Primate, which was then in the library of the same establishment. Where or from whom MacMoyer received holy orders, does not appear ; but it is sufficiently evident that Dr. Plunket suspended him from the exercise of all priestly functions on account of his debaucheries, and that he, with others of his calling, subsequently joined a gang of bandits then known as Tories. Contrasted with this reverend freebooter and his associates, the Clerk of Copmanhurst or Robin Hood's Curtal Friar are angels of light; but MacMoyer, notwithstanding his iniquitous life, was a good witness against any popish bishop or priest! The Primate was arraigned in Dundalk, in July 1680; but as the friar was not forthcoming, and Murphy his companion had taken to flight, “because he well knew that the jury would have hanged him”—the prisoner was carried back to the prison of Dublin Castle, where he was detained till an order came for his removal to London. The letters which Dr. Plunket wrote at this period are most pathetically descriptive of his sufferings, in the cheerless dungeon where the prisoner had to endure all the privations so faithfully described by Mr. Gilbert in his notice of “Newgate,” the “ Black Dog," and other Dublin jails in times much nearer to our own.

If Ormond's heart had not been as hard as the nether mill-stone, he would have interposed his high authority to save the Primate, after the Dundalk jury refused to find bills; but he remembered how perseveringly Dr. Plunket had laboured to defeat Walsh and the other Remonstrants, and he therefore resolved to sacrifice him to his vengeance.

During Dr. Plunket's detention in Dublin, Maclover had orgavized a battalion of testimony, all of them, like himself, scoundrels of the deepest dye, flagitious villains, but “good swearers,” who were prepared 10 prove, to the satisfaction of an English jury, that the Primate had entered into a conspiracy with the Kings of France, Spain, and others, to subvert English dominion in Ireland, and to establish the Catholic religion on the ruins of Protestantism. Lord Shaftesbury and other fanatics encouraged these reckless perjurers with money

See Gilbert's History of Dublin.

and promises of great rewards, although that crafty bigot was well aware that the majority of the latter had been raked up from the Irish jails, and that no jury in Ireland, Protestant or Catholic, would hang a dog on their sworn evidence.

Towards the close of October (1680), Dr. Plunket was removed to London, and we may easily imagine that he looked on himself as a doomed man from the moment that he crossed the drawbridge of Dublin Castle. It was indeed a strange course of proceeding to send a prisoner to England to be tried there for overt treason alleged to have been committed in Jreland. Nevertheless it was not without precedent, for just forty years before Lord Maguire and MacMahon of Farney were arrested in Dublin, and carried to London, where they were tried and executed for attempting to subvert the Puritanical tyranny of Parsons and BorJase. However much Dr. Plunket might have objected to a proceeding of this sort, we have no doubt that Ormond, Shaftesbury, and others who thirsted for his blood, would have reminded him that there were precedents for it in the reign of Henry VIII., when the FitzGeralds were consigned to the Tower of London; and later s:ill, during the sovereignty of Elizabeth, when Richard Creagh, one of his own predecessors in the primacy, was seized in Ireland, tried in London, and flung into the Tower, where he died of poison, substituted for the halter. Dr. Plunket's case, however, was in many respects different from that of the parties to whom we have alluded, for it was notorious that the Dundalk jury, most of whom were Protestants, instead of finding bills ag iinst him on the informations of his accusers, must willingly have committed them to the felons' jail for perjury and other crimes, which, had justice been fairly meted, must have brought them to the gallows. But ruflians of this sort were prized by the Shaftesburys and other bigots of the period; and although Ormond worked out his own ends by such agencies, he must have been fully persuaded of their rottenness, or he would not have left us such a finished portrait of an Irish uitness

“Those,” says he," that went out of Ireland with bad English and worse clothes, are returned well-bred gentlemen, well periwigged and clothed. Brogues and leather s'raps are converted to fashionable shoes and glittering buckles; which, next to the zeal tories, thieves, and friars have for the Protestant religion, is a main inducement to bring in a shoal of informers. They are so poor that we are fain to give them some allowance; and they find it more honourable and safe to be the king's evidence than a cow-stealer, though that be their natural profession. Now that they are discarded by the zealous suborners of the city, they would fain invent and swear what might recommend them to another party; but, as they have not the honesty to swear truth, so they have not the wit to invent.

On his arrival in London, the primate was lodged in Newgate, where, for upwards of seven months, “he was subjected to a rigorous imprisonment, all intercourse with his friends interdicted, so that none save the jailor had access to him.” At length, however, he was permitted to correspond with his relitives and acquaint

* Cartes's Ormonl, v. ii. 105.

ances, and, availing himself of the privilege, he wrote some beautiful letters, addressed to Canon Joyce, of Brussels, who translated them into Latin and forwarded them to Rome. They are tender appeals to the sympathy of his friends, imploring them to relieve his pressing necessities, and supply him with means to defend himself against MacMoyer and the other villains who were bent on his destruction.

For this invaluable correspondence we are indebted to Dr. Moran's research in the Vatican archives. With something like a prophetic foresight of the doom that awaited him, the primate writes to the Canon, “ I shall have a severe trial, for neither the jury nor the judges are acquainted with


circumstances and those of my accusers. I therefore pray you to collect and transmit to me whatever my friends can give me, that I may be able to support my witnesses.” This and other letters were forwarded to Brussels by a Hugh Reilly, who desires the canon to direct answers to him (R'illy), -- Stopping at Mr. Booth's, at the sign of the Two Sugar Loaves, in Bradfordbury, Covent-garden, London." The circumstantial letters of the Internuncio Tanari to Cardinal Cybo, which Dr. Moran has brought to light, will be read with equal interest.

Asit is not our intention to go into a detail of the trial, we must refer the reader to Dr. Moran's work, and content ourselves with stating that the primate was arraigned at the King's Bench, May 3, 1681, when, after pleadiug that he had neither time nor liberty allowed him to send to Ireland for witnesses, five weeks were granted bim to bring them over. On the Sth of June he was again brought before the Chief Justice. Adverse winds detained his messengers at Holyhead, and when he pleaded for ten days more, in order to enable bim to bring his witnesses into court, his appeal was peremptorily rejected. The witnesses for the Crown, however, were forthcoming, and the primate found himself face to face with Friars Mac Moyer and Duffy, Maclane and Murphy—the latter secular priests whom he had degraded-Florence MacMoyer, a layman, and a kinsman of the friar of that name, and some other miscreants, whom Jones, Protestant Bishop of Meath, released from the Irish jails and sent over to London, to murder inno. cence with their reckless swearing. The evidence of those villains wasso monstrous, and their perjury so patent, that any other tribunal would have discredited their clumsy fabrications. But the judge, affecting to credit their testi. mony as though it were Gospel truth, inveighed in a strain of stupid blasphemy against his d-tenceless victim; and Sergeant Jeffries closed the case for the Crown in a speech not surpassed, for ribaldry or brutality, br any of his former or subsequent addresses to the passi. 113 and prejudices of a jury. In less than half an hour after he had concluded, a verdict of guilty was turned, and the Primate was sentenced to be hung, inbowelled, and quartered, on Friday, the 1st of July, at Tyburn. The incidents of his life during the twentytwo days which were to be his last in this world, are faithfully recorded by Dr. Moran ; and he has fuither enriched his pages with many letters, which the primate wrote in this interval to his relative Michael Plunket, then a student in Rome. We must refer the reader


to the work itself for a graphic account of the execution, carried out as it was with all the revolting barbarity of the period. The letter of the Archbishop of Casbel, the primate's early friend, now published from the arehives of Propaganda, shows how the Irish Catholics felt on this occasion, and with what supreme abhorrence they regarded the infamous men who imbrued their hands in the Martyr's blood. The vengeance of God tracked them in after times, as the pages before us testify; for such of them as did not die on the gallows or within the precincts of a jail, had to dree a life of misery and remorse to their latest hour, One of these witnesses deserves special notice, and although Dr. Moran has furnished us with many particulars relating to him, we doubt not that what we are about to add will interest our readers.

The individual to whom we allude is Florence MacMoyer, who swore that he had been urged by Captain O'Neill to enter the French army, in order that he might return to Ireland as a captain under the French King, and establish the Popish religion ; and that then he would be restored to his estate. Jeffries, in summing up, laid great stress on this man’s evidence, and insisted that it was sufficient to procure a verdict for the Crown. MacMoyer was then a schoolmaster, and the estate to which he alludes consisted of eight townlands* in the county of Armagh, held by his forefathers, in virtue of their office of “ Keepers of the Book of Armagh,” but confiscated in the reign of James I.

The Book of Armagh, the only copy of the New Testament Scriptures which has been transmitted to our times from the ancient Irish Church, and of which the MacAloyers were the hereditary “keepers,” was written about the year 807, by “Ferdomnach, the admirable scribe of Ardmagh,” whose death is recorded A.D. 845. This book was for many ages regarded with the greatest veneration by the Irish people as the “ Canoin Phadraig," or the Scripture of Patrick, probably because it was a beautiful copy of the New Testament, belonging to the saint himself. It is writ. ten in Latin, and consists of 221 vellum leaves, on each side of which the exquisite penmanship appears in double columns. Prefixed to the volume are memoirs of St. Patrick, compiled about the year 750, and these are followed by the “ Confession of St. Patrick" and

*St. Jerome's Preface to the New Testament." After the Gospels follow St. Paul's Epistles, and between Colossians and 1 Tim. is inserted the apocryphal Epistle to the Laodiceans. In the First Epistle of St. John the passage regarding the Witnesses is in this MS. entirely omitted. The Apocalypse succeeds the Catholic Epistles ; and instead of closing the New Testament, is followed by the Acts of the Apostles. After the inspired books comes the Life of St. Martin of Tours, written by Sulpicius Severus. Among other remarkable features in this national relique is a record of Brian Boru's ratification to the church of Armagh of its ecclesiastical supremacy when he visited the primatial city in 1001. On this occasion the monarch presented a gold

ring of twenty ounces as an offering to the altar of the church, in presence of his chaplain, who with his own hand made the following entry—“St. Patrick, when going to heaven, ordained that the entire produce of his labour, as well as of baptism, and decisions, as of alms, was to be delivered to the apostolic city, which in the Scotic tongue is called Ardmacha. Thus I have found it stated in the records of the Scots. This is my writing, namely, Calvus Perennis, in the presence of Brian, Sovereign of the Scots (Irish); and what I have written he decreed for all the Kings of Maceria (Cashel).”

The last hereditary keeper of this precious volume was Florence Mac Moyer, as appears by his autograph on a blank

page, Liber Flarentini Muire, June 29, 1662.” Being in want of money when he was going to London to give perjured evidence against Dr. Plunket, in 1680, he pledged the “ Book” for five pounds sterling, † and we find that its next possessor was Mr. Brownlow, in whose hands it was in 1707. Florence Mac Moyer died in 1713, and was buried in the churchyard of Ballymoyer, where his tombstone, bearing the following inscription—"Body of Florence Wyref who died Feb. the 12th, 1713– remained for a century afterwards, till Marcus Synnot, Esq., removed it to Ballymoyer House (where it is at this moment), in order to save it from the indignities with which the people used to visit it. At present there is not an individual of the name of MacMoyer or Wyre living in the parish, but there is a tradition that the infamy brought upon the name was such that those who bore it adopted in its stead that of Maguire, which is kindred in sound. Among the old people of the parish it is thought that the Pope curses Maclloyer annually as an apostate and cruel enemy of the Church!

The Book of Armagh remained for six generations in the Brownlow family, till it was bought for 300 guineas by the reverend and learned Dr. Reeves, Vicar of Lusk, to whom we are indebted for all these particulars of its history. From this eminent writer it was purchased for the same sum by the Protestant Primate, who presented it to the Library of Trinity College. Dr. Reeves is about to publish it, and thus add another to the many works for which he deserves to be ranked among the most distinguished of our modern Irish celebrities.

With this digression we conclude our inadequate notice of Dr. Moran's Life of Oliver Plunket, which is alike honourable to his industry and genius ; and if our commendations be of any weight, we would advise every one who values Irish History to possess himself of this admirable volume. Let us by all means do honour to the man who, far away from Ireland, but fortuuately for the benefit of his fellow-countrymen, devotes his leisure hours to collecting valuable documents, illustrative of our national fame-documents which are not to be had outside the walls of Rome. And let the encouragement we now give him be an earnest of the gratitude with which we will welcome his future labours.

† Mac Moyer and his cousin, on their return to Ireland, were thrown into jail, and we may suppose that Florence was unable to redeem the valuable pledge.

# Dr. Plunket and the Solicitor-general designate him thus.

They are now estimated at £3,490 a year in the poor law valuation.


BY JOHN O'DONOVAN, LL.D., 31. R.I.A. In connection with this family, we bave to correct a slight error committed in the last article on the O'Reillys, No. 8, p. 77, where it is stated that Count John O'Reilly, who succeeded the illustrious Count Andrew O'Reilly, of the Austrian empire, was the son of Count Andrew's youngest brother, James O'Reilly. This should be, “this Count John O'Reilly was the second son of Sir Hugh O'Reilly, of Ballinlough Castle, in the county of Westmeath, Count Andrew's eldest brother. His youngest brother, James, major of infantry, who was slain leading a storming against the Turks, in 1788, was never married.”

According to tradition, this illustrious branch of the O'Reillys is descended from Felim O'Reilly, heir apparent to Brefney, who died of the plague in the year 1447, as we learn from a curious notice of his death in the Annals of Ulster at that year.

John O'Reilly, the son of this Felim, who lived in the Castle of Ross, in Lough Sheelin, was driven from thence by the English (after the death of his father), who set up another member of the O'Reilly family in his place, as chief of Clanmahon, and he settled at Kilskeer, in the county of Meath. This John had a son Brian, who had a son Hugh, who married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Thomas Plunket, of Crossakeel, in the county of Meath, with whom he got the estate of Ballinlough, then called Bally-Lough-Bomoyle. The eldest son of this Hugh, was Hugh O'Reilly, who married Catherine, daughter of Christopher Plunket of Clonabreny, in the county of Meath. He erected a family tomb in the church-yard of Kilskeer, which is still the family tomb, and which exhibits the following inscription :

This monument was erected for Hugh Reilly, Esq., and Catherine Plunkett, his wife, Theire children to be here interred with their posteritie. This monument was erected in the yeare of our Lord God 1686."

This Hugh had a son James, who married Elizabeth Whyte, of Pitchfordstown in the county of Kildare, and had issue Hugh O'Reilly, who had married the Lady Emilia Butler, daughter of Lord Mountgarrett, but she died young, and he had no issue by her. He married secondly the daughter and only child of Sir Daniel O'Neill, who joined the army of King James II., and was present at the battle of the Boyne, and accompauied King James to France. The issue of this last marriage was James O'Reilly, Esq., who, in 1740, married Barbara, who was daughter and heiress of Andrew Nugent of Tnllaghan and Dysart, Esq., and granddaughter, by the mother's side, of Thomas, fourth Earl of Westmeath. Amongst the numerous anecdotes told of this James O'Reilly, the following is worth preserving :

“During the operation of the penal laws in Ireland, when it was illegal for a Roman Catholic to possess a horse of greater value than five pounds, he was riding a spirited steed of great value, but being met by a Protestant neighbour who was on foot, he was ordered by him to relinquish the steed for the sum of five pounds sterling. This he did without hesitation, and his law-favoured neighbour mounted his steed and rode off in haughty triumph. Shortly after

wards, however, James O'Reilly sued him for the value of the sa idle and stirrups of which he was illegally deprived, and recovered large damages." This James had three sons—Hugh, Andrew, and James, the two latter of whom obtained permission, under the Great Seal of England, to enter into the military service of Austria. He had also a daughter, Margaret, who married Richard Talbot, Esq., of Malahide castle. She was created by letters-patent dated 26th May, 1831, Baroness Talbot of Malahide, and Lady Malahide of Malahide, county of Dublin, in remainder to the heirs-male of her body, by her husband Richard Talbot, Esq. Hugh was born in the year 1741, and in 1781 married Catherine Mary Anne, only daughter and heir of Charles Matthew, Esq., of Annefield, near Thurles, in the county of Tipperary (uncle to the first Earl of Llandaff), and had issue three sons and three daughters.

Hugh O'Reilly was created a Baronet in 1795, and was Colonel of the Westmeath Militia during the rebellion of 1798. In the year 1812, on being left an estate by Governor Nugent, his maternal uncle, he was obliged to take the name and arms of Nugent. He died in the year 1821.

Sir James, his eldest son, married, in 1811, Susanna, daughter of the late Baron D'Arabet, of the Holy Roman Empire, but died without issue in 1843. John Nugent, Sir Hugh's second son, was born in the year 1800, and entered the Austrian service in 1820, and was adopted by his uncle, the illustrious Count Andrew O'Reilly, after which he resumed the original surname of O'Reilly. He served under his uncle in the Polish regiment, which bore his name for eighteen years, and attained the rank of chef d'escadron, and was chamberlain to the Emperor Francis I., and created Count of the Holy Roman Empire. He was promoted in 1840 to the rank of major in the 9th Hungarian Hussars, and was presented with the cross of the order of Maria Theresa. He returned to Ireland in 1842, when he married Letitia Maria, daughter of Charles Whyte Roche, Esq., of Ballyran, in the county of Limerick, descended of the ancient Viscounts Fermoy, and on the 26th of April, 1843, on the death of his eldest brother, Sir James, he succeeded as third baronet to all the family estates ; and was obliged (with great reluctance) to relinquish the name of O'Reilly for that of Nugent. Although from the period of the death of his eldest brother, he resided at Ballinlough castle, he did not quit the Austrain service till the


1851. His high education and polished Austrian manners, as well as his benevolent character as a landlord, was admired by all those who were acquainted with him. His sympathy with the Catholic Irish people, and his anxiety to improve the condition of his tenantry, sometimes excited the envy of his neighbours, but the admiration of all classes. He died in February, 1859, universally lamented by his tenants and friends, who state that his death left a blank in society which has not been since filled, but which it is hoped will be supplied on the accession of his heir.

lle left by his wife eight children, of whom the eldest is Hugh Joseph, the present Baronet, born in the year 1015.


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