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Showing the provisions of the Session Laws and Code of Civil Procedure which have been consolidated in the Lien Law.

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Consolidated Lien Law Section 238 .Personal Prop. Law-60 —61

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LIEN LAW.*

(L. 1909, CHAP. 38, BEING CHAP. 33 OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS IN EFFECT FEB. 17, 1909.)

ARTICLE 1. Short title; definitions (§§ 1, 2).

2. Mechanics' liens (§§ 3-33).

3. Enforcement of liens on real property (§§ 40-64).

4. Liens on vessels and enforcement thereof (§§ 80-107).

5. Liens on monuments, gravestones and cemetery structures

(§§ 120-124).

6. Liens for labor on stone (§§ 140-142).

7. Liens for service of stallions or bulls (§§ 160-163).

8. Other liens on personal property (§§ 180-187).

9. Enforcement of liens on personal property (§§ 200-210).

10. Chattel mortgages (§§ 230–238).

11. Laws repealed; when to take effect (§§ 250, 251).

ARTICLE 1.

SHORT TITLE; DEFINITIONS.

SECTION 1. Short title.

2. Definitions.

1. Short title.

This chapter shall be known as the "Lien Law."

Derivation: Lien Law, § 1.

§ 2. Definitions.

Lienor. The term "lienor," when used in this chapter, means any person having a lien upon property by virtue of its provisions, and includes his successor in interest.

Real property. The term "real property," when used in this chapter, includes real estate, lands, tenements and hereditaments, corporeal and incorporeal, fixtures, and all bridges and trestle work, and structures connected therewith, erected for the use of railroads, and all oil or gas wells and structures and fixtures connected therewith, and any lease of oil lands or other right to operate for the production of oil or gas upon such lands, and the right of franchise granted by a municipal corporation for the use of the streets or public places thereof, and all structures placed thereon for the use of such right or franchise.

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An article known as "3a. Public Works; securing claims for labor and material (§§ 62-66)" was added by L. 1911, ch. 450, but was repealed by L. 1911, ch. 873.

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Owner. The term "owner," when used in this chapter includes the owner in fee of real property, or of a less estate therein, a lessee for a term of years, a vendee in possession under a contract for the purchase of such real property, and all persons having any right, title or interest in such real property, which may be sold under an execution in pursuance of the provisions of statutes relating to the enforcement of liens of judgment, and all persons having any right or franchise granted by a municipal corporation to use the streets and public places thereof, and any right, title or interest in and to such franchise. The purchaser of real property at a statutory or judicial sale shall be deemed the owner thereof, from the time of such sale. If the purchaser at such sale fails to complete the purchase, pursuant to the terms of the sale, all liens created by his consent after such sale shall be a lien on any deposit made by him and not on the real property sold.

Improvement. The term "improvement," when used in this chapter, includes the erection, alteration or repair of any structure upon, connected with, or beneath the surface of, any rea property and any work done upon such property or materials fur nished for its permanent improvement, and shall also include any work done or materials furnished in equipping any such structure with any chandeliers, brackets or other fixtures or apparatus for supplying gas or electric light and shall also include the drawing by an architect or engineer, of any plans or specifications which are used in connection with such improvement.

Public improvement. The term "public improvement," when used in this chapter, means an improvement upon any real estate belonging to the state or a municipal corporation.

Contractor. The term "contractor," when used in this chapter, means a person who enters into a contract with the owner of real property for the improvement thereof, or with the state or a municipal corporation for a public improvement.

Subcontractor. The term "subcontractor," when used in this chapter, means a person who enters into a contract with a contractor for the improvement of such real property or such public improvement or with a person who has contracted with or through such contractor for the performance of his contract or any part thereof.

Laborer. The term "laborer," when used in this chapter, means any person who performs labor or services upon such improvement.

Material man. The term "material man," when used in this chapter, means any person who furnishes material for such improvement. (Amended by L. 1914, ch. 506; L. 1916, ch. 507, in effect July 1, 1916.)

Derivation: Lien Law, § 2.

ARTICLE 2.

MECHANICS' LIENS.

SECTION 3. Mechanic's lien on real property.

4. Extent of lien.

5. Liens under contracts for public improvements.

6. Liens for labor on railroads.

7. Liability of owner for advance payments, collusive mortgages and incumbrances.

8. Terms of contract may be demanded.

9. Contents of notice of lien.

10. Filing of notice.

11. Service of copy of notice.

12. Notice of lien on account of public improvements.

13. Priority of liens.

14. Assignment of lien.

15. Assignments of contracts and orders to be filed.

16. Assignment of contracts and orders for public improvement to

be filed.

17. Duration of lien.

18. Duration of lien under contract for a public improvement.

19. Discharge of lien generally.

20. Discharge of lien by payment of money into court.
21. Discharge of lien for public improvement.

22. Building loan contract.

23. Construction of article.

24. Enforcement of mechanic's lien.

25. Priority of liens for public improvements.

26. Subordination of liens after agreement with owner.

27. Subordination of liens after agreement with contractor.

28. Lien of certain judgments postponed.

29. Subordination of liens to subsequent mortgage.
30. Subordination of notices of lis pendens.

31. Discharge of liens on sale of real property.
32. Certain liens and claims not to be affected.

33. Certain sections not to apply to laborers' liens.

3. Mechanic's lien on real property.

A contractor, sub-contractor, laborer or material man, who performs labor or furnishes materials for the improvement of real property with the consent or at the request of the owner thereof, or of his agent, contractor or sub-contractor, shall have a lien for the principal and interest of the value, or the agreed price, of such labor or materials upon the real property improved or to be improved and upon such improvement, from the time of filing a notice of such lien as prescribed in this article.

Derivation: Lien Law, § 3.

4. Extent of lien.

Such lien shall extend to the owner's right, title or interest in

the real property and improvements, existing at the time of filing a notice of lien, except as hereinafter in this article provided. If an owner assigns his interest in such real property by a general assignment for the benefit of creditors, within thirty days prior to such filing, the lien shall extend to the interest thus assigned. If any part of the real property subjected to such lien be removed by the owner or by any other person, at any time before the discharge thereof, such removal shall not affect the rights of the lienor, either in respect to the remaining real property, or the part so removed. If labor is performed for, or materials furnished to, a contractor or sub-contractor for an improvement, the lien shall not be for a sum greater than the sum earned and unpaid on the contract at the time of filing the notice of lien, and any sum subsequently earned thereon. In no case shall the owner be liable to pay by reason of all liens created pursuant to this article a sum greater than the value or agreed price of the labor and materials remaining unpaid, at the time of filing notices of such liens, except as hereinafter provided. (Amended by L. 1916, ch. 507, in effect July 1,

1916.)

Derivation: Lien Law, § 4.

§ 5. Liens under contracts for public improvements.

A person performing labor for or furnishing materials to a contractor, his subcontractor or legal representative, for the construction of a public improvement pursuant to a contract by such contractor with the state or a municipal corporation, shall have a lien for the principal and interest of the value or agreed price of such labor or materials upon the moneys of the state or of such corporation applicable to the construction of such improvement, to the extent of the amount due or to become due on such contract, upon filing a notice of lien as prescribed in this article, except as hereinafter in this article provided. (Repealed by L. 1911, ch. 450; re-enacted without change by L. 1911, ch. 873; amended by L. 1916, ch. 507, in effect July 1, 1916.)

Derivation: Lien Law, § 5, as amended by L. 1902, ch. 37, § 1.

§ 6. Liens for labor on railroads.

Any person who shall hereafter perform any labor for a railroad corporation shall have a lien for the value of such labor upon the railroad track, rolling-stock and appurtenances of such railroad corporation and upon the land upon which such railroad track and appurtenances are situated, by filing a notice of such lien in the office of the clerk of any county wherein any part of such railroad is situated, to the extent of the right, title and interest of such corporation in such property, existing at the time of such filing. The provisions of this article relating to the contents, filing and entry of a notice of a mechanic's lien, and the priority and dura

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