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PAYMENT FOR HONOR.
SECTION 300. Who may make payment for honor. 301. Payment for honor; how made.
302. Declaration before payment for honor.
304. Effect on subsequent parties where bill is paid for
305. Where holder refuses to receive payment supra protest. 306. Rights of payer for honor.
300. Who may make payment for honor.
Where a bill has been protested for non-payment, any person may intervene and pay it supra protest for the honor of any person liable thereon or for the honor of the person for whose account it was drawn.
301. Payment for honor; how made.
The payment for honor supra protest in order to operate as such and not as a mere voluntary payment must be attested by a notarial act of honor which may be appended to the protest or form an extension to it.
§ 302. Declaration before payment for honor.
The notarial act of honor must be founded on a declaration made by the payer for honor or by his agent in that behalf declaring his intention to pay the bill for honor and for whose honor he pays.
§ 303. Preference of parties offering to pay for honor.
Where two or more persons offer to pay a bill for the honor of different parties, the person whose payment will discharge most parties to the bill is to be given the preference.
§ 304. Effect on subsequent parties where bill is paid for honor. Where a bill has been paid for honor all parties subsequent to the party for whose honor, it is paid are discharged, but the payer for honor is subrogated for, and succeeds to, both the rights and duties of the holder as regards the party for whose honor he pays and all parties liable to the latter.
§ 305. Where holder refuses to receive payment supra protest. Where the holder of a bill refuses to receive payment supra protest, he loses his right of recourse against any party who would have been discharged by such payment.
§ 306. Rights of payer for honor.
The payer for honor on paying to the holder the amount of the bill and the notarial expenses incidental to its dishonor, is entitled to receive both the bill itself and the protest.
BILLS IN SETS.
SECTION 310. Bill in sets constitutes one bill.
311. Rights of holders where different parts are negotiated.
314. Payment by acceptor of bills drawn in sets.
310. Bill in sets constitutes one bill.
Where a bill is drawn in a set, each part of the set being numbered and containing a reference to the other parts, the whole of the parts constitutes one bill.
§ 311. Rights of holders where different parts are negotiated. Where two or more parts of a set are negotiated to different holders in due course, the holder whose title first accrues is as between such holders the true owner of the bill. But nothing in this section affects the rights of a person who in due course accepts or pays the part first presented to him.
§ 312. Liability of holder who indorses two or more parts of a set to different persons.
Where the holder of a set indorses two or more parts to different persons he is liable on every such part, and every indorser subsequent to him is liable on the part he has himself indorsed, as if such parts were separate bills.
§ 313. Acceptance of bills drawn in sets.
The acceptance may be written on any part and it must be written on one part only. If the drawee accepts more than one part, and such accepted parts are negotiated to different holders in due course, he is liable on every such part as if it were a separate bill.
§ 314. Payment by acceptor of bills drawn in sets.
When the acceptor of a bill drawn in a set pays it without requiring the part bearing his acceptance to be delivered up to him, and that part at maturity is outstanding in the hands of a holder in due course, he is liable to the holder thereon.
§ 315. Effect of discharging one of a set.
Except as herein otherwise provided, where any one part of a bill drawn in a set is discharged by payment or otherwise the whole bill is discharged.
PROMISSORY NOTES AND CHECKS.
SECTION 320. Promissory note defined. 321. Check defined.
322. Within what time a check must be presented.
323. Certification of check; effect of.
324. Effect where holder of check procures it to be certified.
§ 320. Promissory note defined.
A negotiable promissory note within the meaning of this chapter is an unconditional promise in writing made by one person to another signed by the maker engaging to pay on demand or at a fixed or determinable future time, a sum certain in money to order or to bearer. Where a note is drawn to the maker's own order, it is not complete until indorsed by him.
§ 321. Check defined.
A check is a bill of exchange drawn on a bank payable on demand. Except as herein otherwise provided, the provisions of this chapter applicable to a bill of exchange payable on demand apply to a check.
§ 322. Within what time a check must be presented.
A check must be presented for payment within a reasonable time after its issue or the drawer will be discharged from liability thereon to the extent of the loss caused by the delay.
§ 323. Certification of check; effect of.
Where a check is certified by the bank on which it is drawn the certification is equivalent to an acceptance.
§ 324. Effect where holder of check procures it to be certified. Where the holder of a check procures it to be accepted or certified the drawer and all indorsers are discharged from liability thereon.
§ 325. When check operates as an assignment.
A check of itself does not operate as an assignment of any part of the funds to the credit of the drawer with the bank, and the bank