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part of God's Word, we require God's teaching. Whenever you read the Word of God, dear children, always pray for the teaching of His Spirit, which alone can enable you to profit by or understand it.
Adam, then, was a type of the Lord Jesus Christ, as being the first man, the first father, the first lord, or king, the first husband, and the first covenant head. Formed of the dust of the earth, Adam is called by St. Luke, in a sense peculiar to himself, the Son of God. (Luke iii. 38.) Adam was without father, without mother, made in the image and likeness of God. (Gen. i. 27.) "So God created man in His own image, in the image of God created He him; male and female created He them." Look, too, at Eph. iv. 24:-" And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness." Nothing had ever been like Adam before. Nothing was equal to him among all the works of God. He stood alone, the most glorious of all God's works. Now we shall see that in all these particulars Adam exactly represented or prefigured the Lord Jesus Christ. Our Lord was the first-born among many brethren in the world of grace. Look at Rom. viii. 29:"For whom He did foreknow, He also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of
His Son, that He might be the firstborn among many brethren." Here you see He calls himself the brother of all the real children of God. Look out, too, Heb. ii. 11, 12:-" For both He that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause He is not ashamed to call them brethren, saying, I will declare my name unto my brethren, in the midst of the Church will I sing praise unto thee."
Again, our Lord, as man, had no father, as God, he had no mother; He was not, like Adam, formed of the dust of the earth, but in a manner equally miraculous, by the power of God. Thus we see that Adam was a type of Christ as the first man. Adam had a twofold
nature, a body and a soul.
Christ, too, had two natures, human and Divine. He was really and truly man, and he was really and truly God. Perhaps you can find texts that prove both these points. Adam, again, was the first father. All men are born in his image or likeness. They are not only like him in their bodies, they are like him in their disposition or nature. That is a sad, melancholy likeness, that Adam hands down to every creature that is born. When Adam sinned against God, he lost the image or spiritual likeness of God, his soul died. Now, every
child that is born into the world is born with a soul dead in trespasses and sins, a thoroughly sinful nature. There are a great many texts that show us this, such as Psa. li. 5; Job xiv. 4; Jer. xvii. 9; Eph. ii. 1-5. These texts tell us plainly that we are born in a wretchedly sinful state. How long do you think we remain in this condition? Some people remain in it all their lives, die in it, and are lost in it. Others, by the great mercy of God, are delivered from it, and the Lord brings them out of this dreadful condition by sending His Holy Spirit into their hearts. I cannot pass on to show you how, in giving his own nature to his children, Adam was a type of our blessed Lord, without begging you to pray for that Holy Spirit, that your souls may have life, and that you may be delivered from this dreadful state. Remember, if this change is not wrought in you, you cannot be saved. John .iii. 3,-"Except a man be born again he cannot see the kingdom of God." But now let us see how in this respect Adam was a type of our blessed Lord.
Adam, as the father of all, gives to all his likeness. From him we derive our natural life, and are like him both in body and soul. So, from the Lord Jesus Christ, the everlasting Father, all the true children of God derive
their spiritual life. They, too, bear His image. 2 Cor. iii. 18,-"But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord," or, as in the margin, "by the Lord the Spirit."
Imperfectly here, perfectly at His coming. 1 Cor. xv. 49,-" And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly." So you see from Adam we get souls dead in trespasses and sins; from the Lord Jesus Christ we get that blessed Spirit by which our souls are quickened or made alive. What a glorious difference! Well may we say that the antitype is superior to the type! There is another respect, too, in which we see how superior the second Adam is to the first. Adam is only the remote, not the direct father of all. One generation goes and another comes. But the Lord Jesus Christ is the real, immediate Father of every one of His children. Each child of God gets his life from Him. "And as it is written, the first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit." Adam was made a living soul, and gave natural life to those who were born after him. The Lord Jesus Christ was made a quickening spirit, and gives spiritual
Look at 1 Cor. xv. 45,
life to those who were dead in trespasses and sins. He, too, gives life, or quickens the bodies of His people at the resurrection. 1 Cor. xv. 22,-" For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive." Again, Adam was king of the world. (Psa. viii. 3, 5, 6; and Gen. i. 28.) Adam soon lost this power, and became a wretched outcast instead of a king and companion of God. So much did sin for him, and just so much it does for all who sin wilfully now. The Lord Jesus Christ is King in a far higher sense than Adam. Adam had not dominion over the whole world, but the Lord Jesus Christ has. Matt. xxviii. 18,"And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth." So, look at Isaiah ix. 6, 7,— "For unto us a child is born, unto us a Son is given and the government shall be upon His shoulder: and His name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, the mighty God, the everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace. Of the increase of His government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon His kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever." And Dan. vii. 14,"And there was given Him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations,