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the spherical cap, worn by the ori- the Chaldees, ib. Site, between
entals, iii. 12.

the Tigris and the city of Nisibis,
TURTLE, the; a species of dove, ii. ib.

307. In what she differs from URNS, lacrymal; made of various ma-
other doves, ib. Her voice hoarse terials, iii. 287. Tears of mourners
and plaintive, ib. Why pleasing collected with a piece of cotton and
to the husbandman, ib. Migra- squeezed into them, 288.
tion of this bird, 308. She never | Uz, the eldest son of Aram, the
admits a second mate, 300, 301, builder of Damascus; gave his name
309. An emblem of national im- to the surrounding country, i. 81.
becility, 309.
TYMPANUM or drum ; an instrument

of torture among the ancients, iïi.
322.

V.
TYRE, city of, capital of Phenicia,

i. 122. Founded by the Sidonians VANQUISHED, arms of; reduced to
before the destruction of Troy, ib. ashes, iii. 455. The sword and the
Soon became the mart of the whole head of the spear, which being of
earth, ib. Preeminent in riches and metal, were converted into imple-
splendour, ib. Height of its walls, ments of industry, 450.
ib. Its two harbours, ib. Distance Veils, worn by the females of Asia,
from Sidon, ib. Its inhabitants emi. of different kinds, iii. 24. In very
nently skilled in arts and sciences, remote times not always worn, 23.
123. Ruined by their pride and Constantly worn by all the Syrian
luxury, ib. Taken, first by the women in modern times, when they
Chaldeans, afterwards by Alexan- go abroad, 24. To lift up the veil
der ; and finally destroyed by An. of a virgin reckoned a gross insult,
tigonus, 124. The total destruction 25. To take away the veil of a
of, iii. 426.

married woman, one of the greatest
indignities she can receive, ib. Or-

dinary Aleppo veil, a linen sheet,
U.

ib. Conceals all but one eye, ib. A

modest woman cannot lay aside or
UNICORN ; its name in Hebrew, ii. even lift up her veil in the presence

191. Reem, variously rendered, of the other sex, 26. In Barbary,
ib. An animal of considerable the courtezan appears in public
height and strength, ib. Furnished without her veil, 27.
with horns, ib. Very fierce and VIANDS, in Persia, distributed by a
intractable; hostile and dangerous domestic, iii. 103. Way in which
to man, 192. Little inferior to the distribution is made, ib.
the lion in strength and fury, ib. VICTORs, in the ancient games, how
The young reem joined with the honoured and rewarded, iii. 337-
calf; and skips like that creature,

338. Thecrowns in different games,
193. The reem, not the unicorn, 338. Candidates rejected, 331.
ib. Reasons for this opinion, 194. The christian's crown, 339.
Neither the rhinoceros, nor the VILLAS, built in gardens for the ac-
urus, 195–198. Must be classed commodation of the inhabitants in
among the goats, 198.

Various

spring and summer, ii. 499. These
opinions and arguments of writers often very elegant structures, 500.
in reference to this, 189, 200. The VINE, the species numerous, i. 354.
reem, the white goat of the desert, The wild vine, ib.

200. Proofs of this, 201-204. bitter and dangerous, ib. The sorek
Ur, city of, in the eastern part of or choicest vine, 355. Its size, 354.

Mesopotamia, i. 117. The resi- Leaves of the vine stripped by the
dence of Chesed, and the cradle of cattle, 356. A law of Moses ex-

Its fruit very

ways, 164.

plained, ib. Harmer's difficulty false gods stigmatized, in different
answered, 357. Many vines in an- parts of the body, ii. 163. The
cient Egypt, ib. The use the peo- marks employed on these occasions,
ple there made of the leaves and various, 164. Votaries of Anti-
fruit, 358. The destruction of their christ marked in three different
vines, a great loss to the Egyptians,
ib. The grapes of Egypt much
smaller than those of Canaan, ib.

W.
Size of the latter, ib., 359. Grapes
of Canaan of different kinds, 359. WAFERS ; thin cakes, baked on the
Frequent allusions in Scripture to outside of a stone pitcher, used as

the juice of the red grape, 360. an oven in the east, iii. 55. Ex-
VINEGAR, offered to Jesus to quicken tremely thin, 54.

his painful feelings, and in derision Walls enclosing the houses in the

of his kingly power, iii. 81. east, very lofty, ii. 552.
VINEYARD, the ; ii. 497. Situa-WAR; ceremonies used by the He-

tion, ib. The vines supported by brews and others before engaging in
low walls, ib. Method of making it, iii. 392. Sacrifices offered, and
the vines run over the wall, 498. vows made after they had resolved
Entwined on trellisses round a well, to begin it, ib., 393. Martial feast
ib. Wine-press, ib. Tower, 499. prepared for the whole army, 393.
The vineyard, a scene of joy and Foragers appointed, 394.
singing, 500. Time of the vintage WARRIORS in every part of the world,
in Syria and Palestine, 501. interred in complete armour, iii.

431.
ripen at the same time, ib. Juice WATCHMEN employed to patrol the
of the grape expressed by treading, city by night, iii. 555. Obliged in
502. New wines in some places Persia to indemnify those who are
poured on the old lees, 504. The robbed in the streets, 556. Parts
grapes cut down by a sharp sickle of the night made known by the
or hook, ib. Our translators vindi. cries or small drums of the watch-
cated, 507-508.

men, 557.
VIPER; one of the deadliest ser-WATCH-TOWER, in fortified cities,

pents, i. 423. Sometimes rendered where the watchman took his sta.
cockatrice in our translation, 424. tion in a time of danger, ii. 557.
Brings forth its young alive, hatch- Built over the gate of the city, ib.
ed from eggs perfectly formed in the The surrounding country examined
belly of the mother, ib. When the from the roof, ib. Its chambers for
egg is crushed, the young viper is the accommodation of the watch-
disengaged and leaps out prepared man and others, 558. Defended
for mischief, ib. Colour and con- by two pair of gates, ib. Chamber
sistency of its eggs, ib. Its bite near the gate opening into the pas-
followed with certain and speedy de- sage, ib. Warder at the outer gate,
struction, ib. Paul's preservation ib. Staircase leading from thecham-
miraculous, 425. Its poison affected ber near the gate to the room above

by various circumstances, ib. the gateway, ib.
VIRGins, among the Greeks, not al- | WATER; to provide a sufficient quan-

lowed to marry without the consent tity and prepare it for use, and deal
of their parents, iii. 128. In Per- it out to the thirsty, one of the prin-
sia, a virgin may refuse her consent cipal cares of an oriental household.
and put a stop to the marriage, ib. er, iii. 75. A cup of cold water
Voice of the bridegroom and the no contemptible present in the east,

voice of the bride ; meaning of the 76–77. Reservoirs of water provid.
phrase, ii. 123.

ed in Arabia for the use of passen.
VOTARIES and worshippers of some gers, 76. In Egypt, the same at.
tention manifested to the comfort of Wild-Ass, opinions of natural histo•
travellers, ib. Public buildings set rians concerning it, ii. 149. De.
apart in some of their cities, where scription of it, ib. Its Hebrew
the passenger is supplied with water name; different opinions as to its
free of expense, ib. Bread and meaning, 150. Extraordinary
water sometimes brought by the vil- swiftness of the wild-ass, ib., 151.
lagers in Palestine, without asking, How taken, 151. His chosen
to refresh the traveller, ib., 77. haunts, 152. His food, the salt
The Hindoos offer a cup of cold or bitter leaf on the sandy waste,
water to passengers, in honour of ib., 155. A gregarious animal,
their gods, 78. To supply the fa- 153-154. Very temperate in eat-
mily with water, the business of the ing and drinking, 155. Suf-
females, ib. The proper time for fers occasionally from famine, 156.
drawing water, 79. The women In less trying circumstances, he
also draw water for travellers, their

expresses his uneasy feeling by fre-
servants and their cattle, ib. Young quent braying, 157. To live with
women of high rank carry their pit- the wild-ass in the desert, reckoned

chers upon their shoulder, ib. by the orientals the lowest degree
Way, preparing the ; a token of re- of wretchedness, ib. Extreme

spect to princes, iii. 224-226. wildness of this animal, 158. Many
Strewed with flowers and branches wild asses broken to the yoke in
of trees, 233. Covered with rich Persia when young, 159. Ishmael
silks, ib.

and his posterity compared to the
WEDDING-GARMENTS, prepared for wild-ass, 160-163. Violence

all the guests, iii. 144. Hung up its lust, 163.
in the anti-chamber for them to put Wild Beasts; criminals made to
on, ib. Not to put them on, an in- fight with them in the theatres at

sult offered to the bridegroom, ib. Rome, iii. 321.
WEDLOCK ; ceremony of confirma- Windows, which look into the street,

tion, iii. 137. The bridegroom, very high and narrow, ii. 525. De-
after it was over, received by the fended by lattice work, ib. Very
attendants with great joy and accla- much resemble pigeon holes, 526.
mation, ib.

Another kind of window, large and
Wells; shepherds often reduced to airy, ib. Their use, ib.

the necessity of digging, ii. 386. Wine, different sorts of, produced in
A work of great importance in the Syria, iii. 79. Sweet wines much
east, ib. Strife about them, ib., esteemed in the east, ib. Common.
387. Covered with a stone, 387. ly selected for the table of kings,
The cover often secured with a lock, 80. Their inebriating quality, ib.
ib. Some of these wells furnished Medicated wine, given to criminals
with a trough and flight of steps to stupify them, and diminish the
down to the water, 388. The wells sense of pain, 81. Red wines,
often very deep, 369. Sometimes most esteemed in the east, ib. Tina
yield to the proprietor a large re- ged, when too white, with saffron
Water sold at a great

or Brazil wood, ib. Artificial li.
price, ib. To stop the wells, reco, quors, or mixed wines, very com-
koned an act of hostility, ib., 391. mon in ancient Italy and the Le-
Near the fountains and wells the vant, ib. Odorous gums used to
robber and assassin commonly took give their wines a warm bitter fla-
his station, 391.

vour, ib. The cones of pines used
WHITE ; a colour greatly used among

in Greece for the same purpose,
the ancients, iii. 2. Garments in 82. Wine never mingled with
the native colour of the wool greatly water at their meals, ib. Mixed
esteemed by all ranks, TH wine, its meaning among the He.
emblems of knowledge and purity, brews, ib. Perfumed as a spiced
gladness and victory, ib.

wine, well known to the Greeks, ib.

venue, 390.

)

The Jews sometimes acidulated In Scripture he is every where op-
their wine with the juice of the posed to sheep and goats, 131, 132.
pomegranate, 83. The orientals Strong enough to carry a sheep in
kept their wine in earthen jars, 84. his mouth, and at the same time
Strained it through a cloth, ib. outrun the shepherds, 132. Whole
Vessels in which their wine is kept, countries sometimes obliged to arm
changed, to improve it, ib. All for the destruction of wolves, 133.
recent wines must be kept on their The false teacher often compared
lees for a while, to increase their to the wolf in Scripture, ib. Often
strength and flavour, 85. Cooling selected as the symbol of tyrannical
wines with snow, ib. Snow brought rulers and bloody persecutors, 134.
from Lebanon, two or three days WOMEN, Arabian; many of them
journey, for this end, 86. Some handsome and beautiful, ii. 412-
drank their wine before others after 414. Have very fair complexions,
meat, 111. The Romans did not 413. In general very brown and
put down their wine till after the swarthy, 414. Some of the Turco.
first course, ib.

man ladies very beautiful, 428.
WINE-PRESS, in which the grapes Wood of Ephraim ; a morass covered

are trodden, not a moveable imple- with trees and bushes, i. 323. Fa-
ment in the east, ii. 498. A hollow mous for the death of Absalom and
place made in the ground and lined the rout of his army, 322.
with masonry, 498. In peaceful Wool ; freed from its impurities, by
times, constructed in the vineyard, washing the sheep, ii. 418. Mode
506. In time of war removed into of doing this uncertain, ib. In
the nearest city, ib., 507.

times very remote not shorn but
WINNOWING GRAIN; how per- plucked off with the hand, 419.
formed, ii. 476.

Worm which struck Jonah's gourd
WINTER-CHAMBERS, small, ii.550. a species of maggot, i. 312. Of an

Chimney and hearth raised about a extraordinary size, ib.
foot from the floor, ib. Charcoal WRESTLERS in the Grecian games ;
in a pan placed there, 551.

how prepared for the combats, iii.
Wolf, the, character of, strongly 331. Aim and design of the wrest-

drawn in the Scriptures, ii. 125. lers, 332. Wrestled standing, ib.
His habits and dispositions, 125– When both fell, the contest con-
132. Weaker than the lion and tinued on the sand, ib.
the leopard, but scarcely less cruel
and rapacious, 125. Character of

2.
the wolf familiarly known to the
ancients, 126, 127. His ravenous ZAMA, the city of Shem, i. 37. The
temper prompts him to destructive residence of Noah after the flood, ib.
and sanguinary depredations, 127. ZEMARITE, a Canaanitish family
Joined with the lion in executing probably settled near the river Eleu-
judgment on wicked men, ib. Cruel theros on the coast of Phenicia, i.
and rapacious princes compared to 136.
the wolf, 128, 129. The wolf is ZENOBIA, queen of Palmyra; her
an enemy to all society, 129. Some- exquisite beauty, ii. 413.
times admits associates, ib. The Zion, mount, on whose summit stood
predatory expedition for which they the city of David, and the ark of
associated being finished, they se- the covenant rested, i. 196. En.
parate, and each returns in silence closed within the walls of Jerusalem,
to his den, 130. The wolf chooses 197. On the south of the city, ib.
to conceal his movements under the ZUZIMs or Zamzummims, a gigan.
veil of night, ib. Then he is more tic race of men, occupied a country
fierce, and eager for the chase, ib. due east from Canaan, i. 141.

THE END.

Printed at the University Press,

Parliament Stuirá.

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