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course, which was at first voluntarily adopted, and afterwards, in part from necessity pursued, no one can read these Memoirs without admiration of the constancy, heroism, and self-sacrifice, which almost without an exception, from her first departure from her native land, to the day of her death, Mrs Judson seems to have maintained. Some allowances, undoubtedly, must be made for the unavoidable colorings of biography. The partiality of friendship, and even the mere attempt at description, will give a prominence to incidents and virtues, to which they are not entitled. .... We would not be understood to apply these remarks particularly to the subject of these Memoirs, but as just limitations of biography in general. The incidents in the life of Mrs Judson are, without the slightest exaggeration, of the most extraordinary nature, such as few indeed of her sex, and not many of ours, can exbibit. They demanded, and they produced, uncommon. qualities. In the most literal and extended meaning of the terms, her history might be recorded in the very words of the most faithful and patient of all Christian missionaries. For, for months and even years, she was "in journeyings often, in perils of water, in perils of robbers, in perils by the heathen, in perils in the city, in perils in the wilderness, in perils in the sea, in weariness and painfulness, in hunger and thirst." Of every one of these dangers, her history, which we have no reason to doubt is authentic, gives some examples. ..... It has the merit of a faithful compilation, and particularly, the merit, which in such works is not to be accounted small, of permitting the subject to speak, that the reader may judge for himself.'
After a brief re-capitulation of the most prominent incidents in the life of Mrs Judson, our Unitarian neighbor proceeds, 'The great consideration which the perusal of this volume, and indeed of the whole history of foreign missions, forces upon our attention, is involved in the single question of the expediency, wisdom, and utility of the whole enterprise, on which it is founded. An obvious and very rational inquiry, first of all presents itself. What has been the fruit, or what may reasonably be expected to be the fruit of all these labors and sufferings; of all these privations, sacrifices, sicknesses, and deaths ?'
Facts would compel us to give an answer very different from the disparaging one which he has ventured to suggest. He adds, * As in the instance immediately before us--and the example of Mrs Judson must certainly be regarded as the fairest possible representation of all the rest—it is our deliberate conviction, that the whole enterprise was uncalled for.'
Our Saviour left with his disciples the extensive command, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature. The assertion that the whole enterprise was uncalled for, has filled us with grief and deep concern. For we firmly believe that our Saviour knew best what the world needs; that he has a rightful claim to our obedience; and that, as an Apostle declares, we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ.
In speaking of Mrs Judson, it is remarked : We honor the noble zeal she exhibited in the cause of her Master, and for the
salvation of her benighted fellow-creatures. We should deem it a great injustice to indulge the suspicions, and still more, to utter the calumnies, with which enterprises like hers, and, as her Memoirs intimate, her own motives, in particular, have been assailed. But we repeat it as our most serious conviction, that she had better have remained at home.'
Admitting that missionaries should go forth to heathen nations, we can see many reasons why they should, in general, be accompanied, and cheered, and aided by their wives. Surely it would be a great injustice to the female character to insinuate that a wife is a mere incumbrance at a missionary station. Even if she could do nothing but contribute to the comfort and encouragement of her husband, it would be well for her to accompany him. But the schools of heathen children, and the heathen women whom she is specially adapted to instruct, must not be forgotten. We have not room, however, for a long argumentation on the subject; nor is it needed.
The following account of Mrs Judson's usefulness in Burmah, published at Calcutta, by an English gentleman who had been confined in prison at Ava, with her husband, is inserted in the new edition. Let any man read it; and then let him ask himself if she had better have remained at home.
Mrs Judson was the author of those eloquent and forcible appeals to the government, which prepared them by degrees for submission to terms of peace, never expected by any, who knew the hauteur and inflexible pride of the Burman court.
. And while on this subject, the overflowings of grateful feelings, on behalf of myself and my fellow prisoners, compel me to add a tribute of public thanks to that amiable and humane female, who though living at a distance of two miles from our prison, without any means of conveyance, and very feeble in health, forgot her own comfort and infirmity, and almost every day visited us, sought out and administered to our wants, and contributed in every way to alleviate our misery.
While we were all left by the government destitute of food, she, with unwearied perseverance, by some means or other, obtained for us a constant supply.
'When the tattered state of our clothes evinced the extremity of our distress, she was ever ready to replenish our scanty wardrobe.
•When the unfeeling avarice of our keepers confined us inside, or made our feet fast in the stocks, she, like a ministering angel, never ceased her applications to the government, until she was authorized to communicate to us the grateful news of our enlargement, or of a respite from our galling oppressions.
* Besides all this, it was unquestionably owing, in a chief degree, to the repeated eloquence, and forcible appeals of Mrs Judson, that the untutored Burman was finally made willing to secure the welfare and happiness of his country, by a sincere peace.'
Other and more overwhelming considerations press upon our minds, while we think of some of the concluding remarks of the review upon which we have been animadverting. We may resume the subject at some future period ; but we are almost constrained to adopt the words which our Lord used on a certain memorable occasion : If I have told you earthly things, and ye believe not, how shall ye believe, if I tell you of heavenly things ?
FOR JUNE, 1829.
SUBSCRIPTIONs and donations to the General Convention of the Baptist Denomination in the United States, for Foreign Missions, &c. should be transmitted to Heman Lincoln, Esq. Treasurer, Boston. Persons visiting the city, to whom it may be more convenient to call at a central place, can lodge their communi. cations with E. Lincoln, No. 59 Washington-Street, who is authorized to receive moneys for the Treasurer.
SIXTH TRIENNIAL CONVENTION.
The General Convention of the Baptist Denomination in the United States met at Philadelphia, April 29, 1829. It was a meeting of peculiar solemnity, harmony and Christian feeling. Sensible that we can present our readers with nothing more valuable and interesting, we occupy the largest part of the present number with a detailed account of the proceedings of the Convention. The Report of the Board necessarily comprises some statements which have previously appeared in the Magazine; but it is conceived to be important to exhibit a full and connected view of the meeting, and of the documents laid before it.
Rev. Daniel Sharp, D. D.
iliary to the Board Hon. Heman Lincoln,
of For. Missions. Nath. R. Cobb, Esq. Rev. Charles Train,
Middlesex and NorRev. Bela Jacobs,
Baptist Mr Joseph White,
Charitable Society. Rev. Stephen Chapin, D. D. Boston Burman Fem. of Dist. of Columbia,
Education Soc. 26
Rev. David Benedict,
Rev. Spencer H. Cone,
Madison Bap. Aux. Soc.
Rev.S.Chapin, D.D. OFD.c. Oliver-st. Fem. M.So.
Cortland Aux. Soc.
Rev. Alfred Bennett,
Rev. G. S. Webb,
East Jersey Miss. Soc.
Rev. J. L. Dagg,
Penn. Bap. Miss. Soc.
Fifth Bap.Ch. Philad.
The Board of Managers have These distinguished and useful looked forward to the meeting of men embalmed their memories in the General Convention by whom the affections of the living, and they were appointed with lively left behind them the assured hope interest, as furnishing occasion that they have entered upon their for a full developement of mis- high reward. sionary concerns. They con- The business of the Board since ceive that to those who are hum- your last meeting, has been conbly aiming to advance the king- ducted with unvarying harmony. dom of Christ among men, a New establishments have been review of the past must be pro- formed, and some additional laductive of good. It cannot fail, borers appointed to stations alfrom the nature of all human un- ready existing, as will appear in dertakings, to suggest lessons of the details now to be offered. improvement; and, while it dis- We shall commence with the closes the impotence of mere hu- operations in the east. man efforts, to call into more certain exercise that reliance upon
Maulamying. God, which always insures suc- Maulamying, on the east side of
It may also be expected to Martaban river, about twenty-five refresh the mind, which is too miles from its mouth. Missionaeasily depressed, by placing be- ries, Rev. Adoniram Judson; Rev. fore it a series of facts of animat- Jonathan Wade; Mrs Deborah ing character, bearing upon their Wade. Native Assistants, Moung very surface the high evidence of Ing; Moung Shwa-ba; Ko MyDivine approbation.
at-Ryan; and McDonald. They may not say, however, Our intelligence from this place that all who were appointed Mané is to June 15, 1828. Rev. Mr Boardagers by the Convention, are man, who commenced the station present to share the responsibility in April, 1827, was destined like of this Report; for two, even the other brethren to have his within the last year, have ceased fortitude and perseverance early from their toils on earth. The Rev. tried. He was received by Sir A. STEPHEN Gano has long held an Campbell, with great kindness, eminent standing in the church and a situation offered him, which and in the direction of mo of promised effectual security to his our benevolent Associations; and family. But his object was usefurnished evidence in every situa- fulness; and he thought this could tion that he received his strongest be better attained by taking his impressions and his purest joys residence remote from the
camp, from the triumphs of grace by and in the immediate vicinity of Christ Jesus. Like him, the re- the native population. By doing spected Gen. FORBES, was a most this he exposed himself in a slensincere and devoted friend of un- der habitation to the assault of a adulterated christianity; and, not- reckless banditti from the opposite withstanding the influences which Burman shore, and must in one inmight be supposed to combine to stance have been in imminent deaden his aspirings after God, hazard of his life. On this subject and his sympathies for human Mrs Boardman, in a letter to a wretchedness, his consecrated friend, dated Nov. 3, (see Mag. for spirit always associated him Oct. 1828,) says:
4 We came to with every benevolent enterprise. this place wishing, I trust, to spend