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ANIMAL FOOD THE CAUSE CHAP. Yo omen of good or bad, and know whether the sacrifice were acceptable: they " then burnt the entrails, and ate the flesh “ with great joy and festivity,” though it were that of their own child, or other relation.*

In the provinces of Paucura and Arma they facrifice'd two men to the devil every Tuesday.t

* De la Vega, Royal com. of Peru, p.7. See all so Ciezas Travels, pp. 131, 147. “ When any of the lords of these val. leys dye'd,” says the latter, " they were lamented for many days, their wives cut off their hair, the best belov'd among them kild themselves, and they made a vast grave or tomb... Within it was a vault in which they lay'd the dead body, and with it gold, and the arms he had; then makeing his most beautiful wives, and some boys that serve'd him, drunk, they put them alive into the vault, where they left them, that their lord might go to the devil with company.” (p. 34.) This practice, from other parts of Ciezas book (a curious and interesting performance), appears to have been general. (See pp. 113, 118, 131, 137, 159.) It stil prevails in Guinea. (See Duquesnes Voyage to the E. Indies, p. 122 ; Smith's Voyage, p. 226; Norrises Memoirs of Bossa Abadee, king of Dabomy, p. 130.) At the funeral of a Yakout prince, his favourite horse, and another, the best of his ftud, have their throats cut over the corpse. This bloody libation, says our author, is the homage pay'd to his attachment to these animals, who are supposed to follow him into the other world, where it is imagine'd he wil again be able to enjoy them. (Lesseps, Travels in Kamtschatka, II, 311.) There can be little doubt that bis wives and favourite Naves once bore them company,

Ciezas Travels, p. 53.

These bloody rites of worship appear to be prevalent throughout all the wide extensive ilands of the pacifick ocean.* “ We were inform’d,” fays captain Cooke, speaking of the inhabitants of Tongataboo, one of the Friendlyiles, “ that, in about three months, there would be perform’d, on the fame account [i. e. the kings son being permited to eat with his father), a far more important and grander folemnity; on which occasion, not onely the tribute of Tongataboo, but that of Hapaee, Vavaoo, and of all the other ilands would be brought to the chief, and confirm'd more awfully, by facrificeing ten human victims from amongst the inferior sort of people. A horrid folemnity indeed !” exclaims this great man, “and which is a most significant instance of the influence of gloomy and ignorant superftition, over the minds of one of the most benevolent and humane nations upon earth. On inquireing,” he tels us, “ into the reason of so barbarous a practice, they onely say'd, that it was a necessary part of the Natche; and that, if they omited it, the deity would certainly destroy their king.”+ We have an account, from the same authority, of a human facrifice in Attahooroo,

* Voyage into the pacifick ocean, II.
* Ibi. I, 351.

one of the Society-iles, where the natives, next day, facrifice’d a pig: It is pretty much the fame. A few days after they had another hu-. man facrifice. « This second instance, within. the course of a few days, was too melancholy a proof, how numerous the victims of this bloody superstition are amongst this (otherwise] humane people."* He “ counted no less than fortynine skuls of former victims, lyeing before the morai, where "he' saw one more aded to the number:" and, from the sculs haveing suffer'd little change from the weather, infers “ that no great length of time had elapse’d, since, at least, this considerable number of unhapy wretches had been offer'd upon this altar of blood.” In fhort, every appearance led our people to believe that this barbarous practice was very generali; and we find it to obtain universally amongst the inhabitants of the Sandwich ilands.s


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* Ibi, II, 53, 57. + Ibi, II, 41:

Ibi, II, 203. g Ibi, III, 132, 161. See more on this fubject in Pors phyrys Treatise of abstinence, B. 2; Cyril against Julian, B. 4; Lactantius, B. 1, c. 21; Eusebius, De præ. evan. B. 4, c. 7; and in Voltaires Dictionnaire pbilosopbique, article Anthropee pbages.

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Who first taught souls enslave'd, and realms undone, Th' enormous faith of many made for one ; That proud exception to all Natures laws, T' invert the world, and counter-work its cause? Foree first made conqueft, and that conquest, law; i 'Til fuperftition taught the tyrant awe, Then leare'd the tyranny, then lent it aid, And gods of conqu’rors, slaves of subjects made. She 'midst the lightnings blaze and thunders found, When rock'd the mountains, and when groan'd the ground, She taught the weak to bend, the proud to pray, To pow'r unseen, and mightyer far than they: She, from the rending earth, and bursting skys, Saw gods descend, and fiends infernal rife: com. Here fix'd the dreadful, there the blefs'd abodes; Fear made her devils, and weak hope her gods ; Gods partial, changeful, passionate, unjust, Whose attributes were rage, revenge or luft; Such as the souls of cowards might conceive, . And, formd like tyrants, tyrants would believe. Zeal then, not charity, became the guide, And hel was built on spite, and heaven on pride. Then sacred seem'd th' aetherial vault no more ; Altars grew marble then, and reek’d with gore: The first the flamen tasteëd liveing food; Next his grim idol smear'd with human blood; 37 With heavens own thunders shook the world below, .. And play'd the god an engine on his foc. *

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As human facrificeës were a natural effect of that superstitious cruelty which first produced the Naughter of animals, so is it equally natural that those accustom'd to eat the brute, should not long abstain from the man: more especially as; when toasted or broil'd on the altar, the appearance, favour, and taste of both would be nearly, if not entirely, the same. But, from whatever cause it may be deduce'd, nothing can be more certain than that the eating of human Aesh has been a practice, in many parts of the world, from a very remote period, and is fo, in some, at this day. That it is a consequence of the use of animal food there can be no doubt, as it would be impossible to find an instance of it among people who were accustom’d solely to a vegetable diet. The progress of cruelty is rapid. Habit renders it familiar, and hence it is deem'd natural.

The man who, accustom'd to live on roots and vegetables, first devour'd the flesh of the smallest

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