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nations, and now are numbers of tribes, who voluntaryly confine themselves to vegetables onely... and there are whole villageës in this kingdom who scarce eat animal food, or drink fermented liquors a dozen times a year..... The onely conclusion, he says, i would draw from these histo. rical facts, is, that a low diet, or liveing on vegetables, wil not destroy life or health, or cause nervous and cephalick distempers; but, on the contrary, cure them as far as they are cureable..... But this i pretend to demonfirate from these facts, that abstinence and a low diet is the great antidote and universal remedy of distempers acquire'd by excess, intemperance, and a mistakeën regimen of high meats and drinks ; that it wil greatly alleviate, and render tolerable, the original distempers derive'd from disease'd parents; and that it is absolutely necessary for the deep-thinking part of mankind, who would preserve their facultys, ripe and pregnant, to a green old age, and to the last dregs of life; and that it is the true and real antidote and preservative from wrong-headedness, irregular, and disorderly,, intellectual functions, from loss of the rational facultys, memory, and senseës, and from all nervous distempers, as far as the ends of pro

vidence, and the condition of mortality, wil allow. *

66 Who is there that does not know how great a part cacao-beans make of the food of the inhabitants in the country where they grow; and how soon people of wasteëd and reduce'd constitutions, by means of them, recover their Aesh and strength ? Nay, we have an instance of a ships crew, which, for two months, had nothing but chocolate for their food, and were very hearty and wel with it.”+

“ The utility of a diet consisting entirely of vegetables in the bypochondriasis, obstinate gouts, and other stubborn and pertinacious disorders, has of late been place’d in a very clear light by doctor W. Grant, in his “ Essay on the atrabilious constitution,” (p. 399, &c.) in which instanceës are giveën of its haveing not onely greatly improve'd the patients health, and giveën them fresh strength and vigour, but made them, as it were, younger than before.”I

" The native Javanese derive one advantage, at least, from an atmosphere not subject to the

* Ibi, p. go.
† Sparrinans Voyage, II, 231.
Ibi, 236.


vicissitudes of temperature experience’d in the northern parts of Europe, where diseaseës of the teeth are chiefly prevalent; as they are at Batavia entirely exempt from such complaints. Their habit of liveing chiefly on vegetable food, and of abstaining from fermented liquors, no doubt contributes to this exemption.”*

* Sir G. Stauntons Account of an embassy to China, I, 251.




W hen god, according to the book of Genefis, createëd man, in his own image, male and female, he blessed them and say'd, “ Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue (i. e. cultivate it): and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every liveing thing that moveëth upon the earth. Behold, i have giveën you every herb bearing feed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed: to you it shal be for meat: and to every beast of the earth, and every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life[or, as in the Hebrew, a liveing foul], i have giveën every green herb for meat.”* They were

* I, 27, &c. The word dominion is every where, in the old testament, use’d for fovereignty.

to be sovereigns, therefor, over the earth, and its terrestrial, marine and aërial inhabitants ; not for the purpose of slaughter and food, (for when does a good monarch devour his subjects ?) but for the sake of authority, protection, and the gracious officeës of benevolence and humanity. Their food was to be every herb bearing seed, and every tree bearing fruit: the beasts and fowls, allso, and creeping things were to be con. fine'd to a vegetable diet. Such, at least, if we credit the Jewish accounts, was the dietetick law establish'd, at the creation, for both man and beast. It is, indeed, absolutely impossible that the allmighty creator should have design'd the latter as prey to the former; since, as there were but two of each species, the whole race must have been speedyly extinguish’d.* It is alledge’d, however, that, after the deluge and new establishment, he gave Noah and his descendants a licence to eat the flesh of animals,

* “ It is certain," as doctor Cheyne asserts, at the creation, there could be no such thing as an indulgence for animal food, if onely pairs of each animal were createëd at first.” Essay on regimen, p. 75.) It is, at the same time, difficult to conceive, whatever was the primitive food of man, how the lion, the tiger, and other beasts of prey, could sublift entirely upon green berbs.

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