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curiosity, for fix Spanish dollars : it live'd with me seven months, but then dye'd of a flux. He was too young to shew me many pranks; therefor, i shal onely tel you he was a great thief, and love'd strong liquors; for, if our backs were turn'd, he would be at the punch-bowl, and very often would open the brandy-case, and put it very carefully into its place again. He flept lyeing along, in a human posture, with one hand under his head. He could not swim, but i know not whether he might not have been capable of being taught. If, at any time, i was angery with bim, he would figh, sob, and cry, til he found that i was reconcile'd to him ; and, though he was but about twelve months old
* Doctor Tyson relates of his pygmie: “ Once it was made drunk with punch, but it was observe'd, that, after that time, it would never drink above one cup, and refused the offer of more than what he found agree'd with him.” (Ana. tomy, &c. p. 30.)
+ “ After our pygmie was taken,” says doctor Tyson, " and a little used to wear cloaths, it was fond enough of them; and what it could not put on its' self, it would bring in its' hands to some of the company, to help it to put [it] on. It would lie in a bed, place. its' head on the pillow, and pull the cloaths over it', as a man would do”...It was very ful of lice, he ads, exactly like those on human bodys : Signor Rbedi observeing in most animals a particular sort of louse.
when he dye’d, yet he was stronger than any man.”*
“I myself,” says lord Monboddo, “ saw at Paris one of these couran-outangs), whose skin was stuf'd...He had exactly the shape and features of a man; and particularly i was inform’d that he had organs of pronunciation as perfect as we have. He live'd several years at Versailles, and dye'd by drinking spirits. He had as much of the understanding of a man as could be expected from his education, and perform'd many little officeës to the lady with whom he live'd; but never learn'd to speak. I was wel inform’d too,” ads his lordship, “ of one of them belonging to a French gentleman in India, who use'd to go to market for him, but was likewise mute.”+
: * Voyage to Borneo, 1718, p. 37. This young outang dis'play'd more intelligence, and even possess’d much more
Itrength, at the age of twelve months, than a buman being (as he is call’d) was ever known to do at the age of twelve years. See Tysons Anatomy, &c. p. 23.
* Origin and progress of language, i, 175. In a note, after quoteing a passage from Rousseau, who rejects “ with great contempt, the notion of those who think that speech is natural to man,” his lordship observes : “ Now if we get over that prejudice, and do not infift that other arts of life, which the ouran-outangs want, are, likewise, natural to man, it is impossible we can refuse them the 'appellation of men.” He,
The writeër or compileër of these pageës was, a few years ago, told by a lady, who had it from another, of her own acquaintance, an eyewitness, of an ourang-outang, in the East-Indies, which was six feet high, and fat at table in the dress of a military officer: a guest excessively disgusting to the fair and delicate spectatress!
The king of Dahomé, in Africa, is fay'd to have a guard of men, who very much resemble monkeys, or, in other words, of monkeys, who very much resemble men; and which are, doubtless, ourang-outangs. The Mocoes or Eboes, according to Edwards, “appear to be the lowest and most wretched of all the nations of Africa," and " the conformation of the face, in a great majority of them, very much resembles that of the baboon."*
Collins, in his description of the natives of New-Holland (or New South Wales), says, .“ Their noseës are flat, nostrils wide, eyes much
sunk in the head, and cover'd with thick eye
elsewhere, in the fame volume, says he had heard of these human animals being seven feet high.
* History of the West-Indies, ii, 75. The three attendants of the Birman officer, who viGted colonel Symes, fquated upon their heels on the deck, in an attitude and manner much resembleing baboons, allthough they were wel-proportion'd strong men. (Embassy to Ava, i, 324.):
brows. Many,” whom he faw,“ had very prominent jaws; and there was one man, who, but for the gift of speech, might very wel have pass’d for an ourang-outang. He was remarkablely hairy; his arms appearid of an uncommon length; in his gait he was not perfectly upright; and, in his whole manner, seem'd to have more of the brute, and less of the human species about him than any of his countrymen."* " The gift of speech,” however, which he must, if at all, have acquired in his infancy, wil not, alone, pre. vent his actually being what he “might very wel have pass'd for.”
« I could produce,” says Rousseau, “ several instanceës of human quadrupeds : particularly that of the child, who was found, in 1344, near Hesse-Cassel, where he had been suckle’d by wolves, and who used to say, afterward, at prince Henrys court, he would rather return to live with the wolves again, than to live among man. kind. He had contracted so invincible a habit of walking on his hands, that it was necessary to faften pieceës of wood to him so as to keep him upright on his feet. It was the fame,” he says,
* P. 357.
+ It is, by no mean, credible, that this wolf-boy fay'd this, or could utter a single syllable.
" with another child, found, in 1694, in the for reits of Lithuania, and train'd up among bears. M. de Condillac says, he did not fhew the least sign of reason, but walk'd on his hands and feet, and had no articulate speech, but utter'd some uncouth sounds, unlike the language of other men. The little savage, carry'd from Hanover to the court of Engleland, some years ago , was, with great difficulty brought to walk upon his legs. * In 1719, two other savageës were found in the Pyrenean mountains, runing up and down like quadrupeds." +
A girl was caught, in 1731, in the environs of Chalons sur-Marne, and educateëd in a convent. She relateëd as foon as she was able to speak, that she had live'd in the woods with a female companion, and that she had unfortunately kild her, by a violent blow on the head, one day, when, upon finding a chaplet under their feet, they disputeëd about the exclusive possession of it.
The young favage of Aveyron, a child, about eleven or twelve years of age, who had been
* This was Peter the wild boy, who, to the editours. knowlege, could, when he saw him, walk very wel, on two legs, though he could scarcely utter three words, king, cwen, Lunny, and endeavour to sing a few musical notes.
of Rousscau, Or the inequa!i!y of mankind, note 3.