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those voracious and brụteilh appetites that require animal food ; nor those cruel and hard hearts, or those diabolical passions, which could eafeyly fuffer them to tear and destroy their fellow-cream tures ; at leaft, not in the first and early ageës."*

su To see the convullons, agonys, and tortures of a poor fellow-creature,"exclaims this fenfible, juft, humane and feeling phyfician, " whom they cannot restore nor recompense, dyeing to gratify buxury, and scratch callous and rank organs, must require a kocky heart, and a great degree of cruelty and ferocity. I cannot find,” he ads, " any great difference, on the foot of natural reason and equity onely, between feeding on hu. man flesh, and feeding on brute animal flesh, except custom and example. I believe fome rational creatures would fuffer less in being fairly butcher'd than a strong ox, or red deer; and, in natural morality and justice, the degrees of pain here make the essential difference."

* Essay on bealth, p. 92. He must refer to a ftate of nature, as no beast of prey is so wantonly and malignantly cruel as man in society, whether Christian or Mahometan; and yet he has neither the teeth nor fangs of a tiger, nor the beals or claws, of a vulture,

of Essay on regimen, p. 70. Our immortal Shakspeare wat of the same opinion :

* And the poor beetle that we tread upon
In corporal fufferance finds a pang as great
As when a giant dyes."! Measure for Measure.

". Among other dreadful and disgusting imageës, which custom has render'd familiar, are those which arise from eating animal food; he who has ever turnd with abhorrence from the skeleton of a beast, which has been pick'd whole by birds or vermin, must confess that habit onely could have enable’d him to endure the sight of the mangle’d bones and filesh of a dead carcase, which every day cover his table: and he who reflects on the number of lives that have been facrifice'd to sustain his own, should enquire by what the account has been balance'd, and whether his life is become proportionablely of more, value by the exercise of virtue and piety, by the superior hapyness which he has communicateëd to reasonable beings, and by the glory which his. intellect has ascribe'd to god."*

6. The Indian philosophers called Brachmans," according to old doctor Moffet, “ did never, a great while after the flood, taste of any sensible creature : and though Nimrod, the great hunter, flew many beasts, yet flesh was even then un. tasieëd of the Babylonians, and many hundred years after, fay’th Herodotus: and veryly til god: would have it so, who dare'd to touch with his lips the remnant of a dead carcase? or to set the

* Note, by doctor Hawkesworth, in his edition of Swifis works. (Gullivers travels, p. 94.)

prey of a wolf, or the meat of a falcon, upon his table? Who, i say, durft feed upon those members which lately did see, go, bleat, low, feel, and move? Nay, tel me, can civil and human eyes yet abide the slaughter of an innocent beast, the cuting of his throat, the mauling him on the head, the fraying off his skin, the quartering and dismembering of his joints, the sprinkleing of his blood, the riping up of his veins, the endureing of il favours, the hearing of heavy fighs, fobs, and groans, the passionate struggleing and panting for life, which only hard-hearted butchers can endure to see? Is not the earth sufficient to give us meat, but that we must also rend up the bowels of beasts, birds, and fishes? Yes, truely, there is enough in the earth to give us meat; yea, veryly,and choice of meats, needing either none; or no great preparation, which we may take without fear, and cur down without trembleing, which also we may mingle a hundred ways to delight our taste, and feed on safely to fill our bellys."*

The very sight of animal food is unnatural and disguling; even the most luxurious viands, place'd before the most elegant assemblage, abounding with youth and beauty, remind the

: :* Health's improvement, 1746, p. 100. The authour dye’d

in 1604.

philosopher, or reflective individual, of a carrion carcase by the road fide devour'd by vultures, or ravens; or of a human body, at a feast of can. nibals. “At Zwartkops river,” says Sparrman, " where we were now arrive'd, and intended to pass the night, we found two farmers had got in before us, who were come thither in order to get salt and hunt. Indeed, they had allready shot several heads of game, wliich they had hung up in large Nips and shreds on the bushes, waggons and fenceës, in order to dry it in the lun .. From this flesh there was diffuse'd round about the spot, not only a crude and rank smel, but, likewise, a putrid stench, from such parts of it as had arrive’d at the state of putrefaction; and the farmers wives and childeren, together with the Hottentots who had accompany'd them, were employ'd, fome in feasting upon it, others in sleeping, and others again in careing away a great number of birds of prey, which hover'd round about them, and over their heads, in order to steal away the flesh. This horrid fpe tacle, of so many carnivorous human creatures, awaken'd in me a lively rememberance of the cannibals in New Zealand, and had very nearly takeën away our appetites for a meat supper, so that we resolved to bear with our hunger that night as wel as we could."* This, filthy as it was, could not be more so than the festive entertainments of our nobility and great epicures, where, if you admire tastey eating, you have the high-flavour'd hogo of stinking venison, and the exquisite stench of roten and maggoty cheese; the elegant and accomplish'd guests washing, at the close, of their favoury repast, their dirty maws, in pure water, which, render'd sufficiently foul and filthy, they {purt back into blue or purple clouded receptacles, in order to conceal their nastyness ; which outdoes, in delicacy, the yahoos of the Houyhnhms,

“ See matter next, with various life endue d,
Press to one centre ftil the general good.
See dyeing vegetables life sustain,
See life dissolveing vegetate again :
All forms tha: perilh other forms supply
(By turns we catch the vital breath and dye);
Like bubbles on the sea of matter born,
They rise, they break, and to that sea return.
Nothing is foreign : parts relate to whole ;
One all-extending, all-preferveing soul
Connects each being, greatest with the least;
Made beast in aid of man, and man of beast;
All serve’d, all serveing! nothing stands alone,
The chain holds on, and where it ends unknown.

** Voyage to the cape of Good-bope, ii, 12.

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