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draw-back upon the general interest of has gone beyond his author in all the the expression, it is in the futier arising great requisites of pathetic expression, fiom the too-abundant use of demic and given an effect and a consequence co semi quavers, with introductory and in- the words, to wbich they themselves terveuing symphonies.

? could never have pretended, Tbe Boat Song, from tbe Lady of the Lake, 'An Air witb Varia ions for the Piano-forte. Come by Walter Scott esq. Composed and arrunged posed by W. A. Mozari. 28. osa Gler for three l'oices, dedicated to Mrs. This air, in the points of original and itillis, by Sir John Stevenson. 55.

tasteful conception, is fully worthy the The boat song, winch is here given extraordinary talents of its author. The with an accompaniment for two per variations are so ingenious and free, as furniers, displays a variety of musical to impart considerable interest in the vowers. The inelody is happily ina- subject, and to engage and delight the eined, the parts are scientifically and cultivated ear. ingeviously blended, and the accom- A Polacca for ibe Flapedet, or Flute, and Pigro

ientis elegant, rich, and fanci forie. Composed and inscribed 10 L. dius, esq. iul. We recommend the boat song lo by Jobn Parry. 25. all lovers of good vocal harmony, aided The subject of this polacca, if ori. by skiliul instrumental embellishinent. ein

ginal, is highly creditable (o Mr. Parry's " The Mourning Ring, or the Token;" written taste and fancy; and the manner in

on tbe late Princess Amelia's mournful present which he has conducted the digressive to His Majesty. Set to Music wibo a Recua- matter, evinces judgment, and a nice tion and an Acompaniment for ibe Piano-forte,

attention to uniformity and connection. by Dr. Clarke, of Cambridge. 15.6d.

The construction of the fiugevlet or of the music of the “Mourning flute part, is such as to admit of its being Ring" we may justly speak in terms of combined with the bass on the pianocommendation; the poetry has not the forte, and being rendered independent same clainis to our praise. Dr. Clarke of a wind instrument,

VARIETIES, LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL. i

Including Notices of Ilorks in Hand, Domestic and Foreign. * Authentic Communications for this Article will ulways be thunkfully received.

I R. Ilayter's Report to the Prince of that distinguished patriot. As his U R egent of his literary mission to Private Secretary, Mr. Trotter is emithe Court of Naples, in relation to nently qualified to perform the interesting the Herculaneum' MSS. which mission task, which he has undertaken with so excited so great a sensation and expec. laudable a respect for public curiosity. : tation in the literary world, and made so Mr. Bean's Universal Pieceptor, or great a noise throughout Europe, will General Text Book for Schools of every appear in a few days, superbly printed denomination, will appear in the current in a thin royal quarto. .

: month, and will doubtless run the brilSir Richard Phillips's volume on liant career of the other useful and well the Powers and Duties of Juries, and on kuowp works of the same author. the Criminal Laws of England, will be , The opinions advanced by Dr Dary, ready on Wednesday next.

during the present lectures at the Royal Mr. Trotien's Account of Mr. Fox's Institu

Faris Institution, relating to combustion, and

the parure of heat and light, vary so Tour in France and Flanders, in the year much from the received doctrines, and 1802, and of the last four years of the are so interesting and important, that we life of that revered character, will ape shall here endeavour to give an abstract pear this season, and be accompanied by of the

ad of them from his different lectures.numerous original letters, and other do

Combustion, according to these new 90- doctrines, is not the result of the combi.

à cuments, illustrative of the latter years pation of oxygen with other bodies, by which the oxygen is condensed, and the ä sitnplé uncompounded substance, cone light and healgiven out, as the French che- taining no oxygen). His experiments on mists assert; nor are heat and light speci. this subject we shall afterwards mention. fic substances, differing from other matter. -Ileat is radiated from the surfaces of All bodies which have a strong chemical all bodies, but in different degrees, acatnity or attraction for each other, are cording to their nature and colour. Black found to possess two different states of surfaces absorb and also einit radiant electricity. Thus, acids are negative, beat more rapidly than others. If a poand the alkalies positive, Zinc and mera lished surlace of metal, and an equal cury, and other metals which possess surface of charcoal, be heated to the strong chemical affinities, are also in dif- saine degree, and a thermometer he ferent states of electricity. This diile placed at the same distance from each, rence in the natural states of electricity, the charcoal will raise the thermometer Dr. Davy considered as the cause of móre rapidly than the polished metal. chemical affinity. Combustion is the This radiation of heat Mr. Leslie had effect of chetnical action. In such bodies altributed to certain aerial pulsations. as combine rapidly together, the parti. Dr. Davy stated, this could not be the cies are violently agitated; and, being se- case, for heat was more powerfully ra. paraied from each other by their polar diated in vacuo than in the operi ait, repulsions, are thrown off in straight lines He placed a platina wire in vacuo, and a through free space, and become radiant iherniometer at a certain distance from beat and light. According to Dr. Davy, it; the wire was then ignited by means the particles of all bodies possess polarity of the voltaic pile; the effect on the With many bodies oxygen bas a must thermometer was greater and inore rapid powerful affinity, and combines with great than when the same experiment was rerapidity; and, during this violent chemis peated in the air. All the metals are cal action, inuch light and lani are pro. fused more rapidly in vacuo than in the duced. Some of the French chemists open air, when acted upon by the voltaic have asserted, that oxygen is the only pile, and give out a more intense degree support of combustion, and that the light of heat and light. Charcoal, in the same and heat given out comes from the oxy- circumstances, ignites with a most brila gen alone. Bat light and heat are pro- liant light; and this light 'may be continų. daced in a variety of instances without ed for any length of time, without any the presence of oxygen. Indeed, in all change or deceinposition of the charcoal. cases where bodies rapidly combine, the Thie light and heat, in these experiments, phænomena of combustion takes place. cannot proceed from combinations of

The new inetal potassium, or the inetal oxygen, but may be supposed to origiof potass, was placed in a glass vessel nate froin the vibrations or violence of filled with carbonic acid gas; by the heat action of the particles of the bodies of a spirie lamp applied to che glass, the which are thus operated upon. This metal inflamed in this gas, and gave out 'opivion was also adopted by Hooke and a brilliant light. Charcoal was deposited Boyle. The experiments of Dr. Her. on the side of the glass. In this experie 'schel bad shewn, that the sun constantly ment, it niay be said, that the oxygen of emitted invisible rays, (ilistinct from the carbonic acid combined with the light,) which produce heat; other invi. potassium ; but it ought to be recollected, siblé rávs are also einitted, which have that ihis oxygen had given out its light the property of reviving metallic calces. and heat. According to Lavoisier, when the one he calls, heat inaking rays, the it combined with charcoal to forin care other, deoxydizing rays. Dr. Davy's bonic gas, it ought' not, therefore, to opinions respecting light, and other ruys give out a second time what it had be emitted from the sun, imply, that he does fore lost.-In another experiment, potnot believe any of these phenomena will 'assium and arsenic were placed in a close adivit of an explanation by the pulsas retórt, containing nitrogen gas; by the tions of an ethereal medium. Ilis obserheat of the spirit lamp they combined varions lead to the supposition, that the rapidly, and, during their combination, particles of light and of other bodies much light and heat were produced. possess polarity.--If a magnet be broken Ilere, if the experiment was properly into any given 'number of parts, each made, no oxygen was present. - Metals part bas its attracting and repelling also inflame spontaneousiy in chlerine poles, like the large magnet. It a blunt gas, (iinproperly called ox yoruriátic acid insulated metallic conductor he brought gas); This gas, Dr. Davy stated, was 'near an excited glass cylinder, it acquires MONTHLY MAQ, No. 211.

% L

electrical

electrical polarity; the one end is posi- to produce a double effect, they state, tive, and the other negative. If the that the number of plates must be iive 'tounnaline (a crystal from Ceylon) be "creased eight times. Dr. Davy, on the heated, one end of the crystal becomes contrary, found the energy of the battery positively electrified, and the other nega- to increase in a much greater ratio with tively. If the crystal be broken into a the number of plates. Ten places of number of parts, each part has the same metal, 11 inches and a half in length, form as the large crystal; and each of and 4 and a half in breadth, ignited an these small crystals bas its attracting and iron wire 2 inches in length: Twente repelling electrical poles. Here, some plates ignited 8 inches; and thirty plates connection between magnetism, electri: ignited 12 inches of the same wirë. The city, and crystallization, may be traced. error in the calculations of the French, Crystallization is the effect of chemical is attributed to their making use of piles affinity, by which the particles arrange instead of troughs, by which means a themselves in certain forms, according to considerable part of the effect is lost. the shape of the primary molecule, and, The battery at the Royal Institution con. probably, by some law, connected with sists of troughs made of Wedgwood's the pularity of each particle. Light ap- ware, divided into separate cells, filled pears also to be refracted according to with water, containing a small portion some law connected with its own polarity of nitric acid. The plates are suspended and that of the refracting medium. The from a piece of wood, the length of the double refraction of light, in passing trough, by which means they can all be through leeland crystal, always takes immerged in the cells, or taken out, toplace on the plane, in a line with the gether. When a very powerful battery axis of crystal; and if the crystal be is wanted, a number of these troughs are broken into smaller ones, each of these connected. All the metals are sused by has the same property of double refrace it, but more readily in vacuo thay in the 'tion in the direction of its axis. When air. Platina, which is the most infusible the light falls upon the crystal with a metal by other means, melts, by the æertain angle of incidence, only one re- operation of the voltaic bolly, sooner fraction takes place; in another angle, than zinc. During the fusion of platina 'there are four refractions, or images, of wire in vacuo, a number of vivid sparks the object seen. Dr. Davy was icclined were given out, which Dr. Dary imato believe, that each particle of light bad gined proceeded from the disengagement its polar axis, and attracting and repel- of hydrogen, which forins a constituent 'Jing poles, and that its refractions and part of carbon and the metals.-In rereflections were dependent on this pola. gard to meteoric stones, he observes, rity. It is only justice to Dr. Davy to that hydrogen gas, or inflammable air, mention, that what he advanced on this will dissolve some of the metals, and intricate subject, he stated to be, in a form, with themi, an invisible metallic considerable degree, hypothetical, and gas. When this gas is exploded, the entitled to no more regard than what it inerals are deposited in a metallic form might derive from fucure experiments. on the sides of the vessel in which the We have been more particular in stating experiment is made. Arsenic, tellurium, these conjectures, as ibey appear to offer and sodium, were exhibited, in a gaseous the most plausible solution of what are state, combined with hydrogen, When called, the fits of easy transmition and the hydrogen was inflamed, by a inis. Teflection of light, hitherto given. The ture of oxymuriatic gas, the metals were positive and negative electricities natural deposited in a solid form, coating the to different bodies, makes their decom- sides of the vessels. Dr. Davy observed, position by electrical agency practicable, that the stones which had fallen from the in cases where they could be decomposed atmosphere were all metallic, and might, by no other known methods. Hence, perhaps, be formed by the explosion of a the voltaic pile, or battery, becomes large quantity of inflammable air, in the most powerful instrument in the which the metals had been dissolved. hands of the chemist, The French phie He was, however, inclined to trace their losophers have lately published an ac. origin to another cause, and to consider count of some experiments made to de them as the ruins of soine planetary termine the powers of different piles; body; or, perhaps, ihey might be smalt: and have asserted, that the energy of gatellites, moving round some of the each pile is in tlie proportion of the cube planets, which, coming near the orbit of root of the number of plates. In order the earth, ivero attracted to it. Wa

know

know that this opinion has been advanced it will be found expedient to divide what by some philosophers on the Continent;, was intended for the third, into two but it appears so improbable, and con. volumes; which, uniformly printed with trary to the order and persection of the those already before the public, will solar system, that we think it totally consist each of about five hundred pages; inadmissible. The opinion that they and will be embellished with more than are metals in a gaseous forin, which ex- fifty beautiful plates, besides numerous plode and condense, is, we conceive, not vignettes; which, having been placed in only inore probable in itself, but more the hands of Mr. Basire, were fortunately agreeable to the appearances which ac- preserved. As soon as one hundred company the fall of these stones. The copies are subscribed for, the work sball dense cloud, the loud explosion, the bril. be immediately put to press; and one liant light, which precedes their fall, the volume may confidently be expected in heat of the stones when they are first twelve months afterwards, and the whole found, are all indications of their atmos., within two years. pheric production, Dr. Davy lately. It is one of the literary novelties of. read an account of a meteoric stone, this age, that 'the East-India Company which fell, a few weeks since, in the has established a Sanscreet press; and county of Tipperary. The phænoniena the Hercopadesa is the first work that attending its fall were the same as de. will appear in that language from a scribed in other instances of the like' printing press. kind. The stone has heen analyzed by The late Bishop Horsley having left Mr. Higgins, of Dublin, and contains, in MS. Notes and Observations on the like other ineteoric stones, iron and Book of Psalms, the same is now print. nickel.

ing, under the direction of the Rev. Dr. BURGESS, bishop of St. David's, HENEAGE Horsley. has great and singular merit in establisha Dr. WAITAKER is printing an edition ing in his diocese a Society for pro. of the Works of Pierce Plowman, colo, moting Christian Knowledge and Church lated from very ancient MSS. Union in the Diocese of St. David's, as Mr. Fenton, late of Fishguard, is a true antidote to the spread of ignorant preparing, an Account of a Tour through fanaticism among the people. The sub- Pembrokeshire. scriptions and benefactions to his Society There appears to exist, at this time, a are distributed-1. For general purposes, general disposition to abate the severity 2. For clerical education and exhibitions of our penal laws; and several works 3. For the building and establishing of a are announced, having that object, beclerical seminary, 4. For a college li- sides the various motions in Parliament, brary. 5. For the relief of superannuated Mr. MONTGOMERY, of Sheffield, au. curates. A committee has also reported thor of The Common Lot, and other favourably, on a proposed establishment much-admired poems, is printing a new for the education of young men intended poem, on the Antediluvian World. for holy orders, who are precluded the An edition of the novels of RICHARDadvantages of an university education, SON, in 19 volumes, is nearly ready for ou account of the distance of this dio publication. çese from the universities. We have. By a letter in Mr. Flowers's Political already noticed his praiseworthy exer- Review, it appears, that the late John tions to render the study of Hebrew ge- lIoward did not die of the plague, but of neral in the grammar-schools of his dio. a fever caught from a young lady, in cese, and his plans for other proper going to visit her; for which purpose he objects of study in those schools, and rode twenty miles ou borseback: and, we now find that his plans have been ex. being benighted, he was thrown from tended to every branch of useful edu. his horse, and lay a considerable time in cation.

the snow; and would have been frozen Mr. NICHOLS, the bistorian of Lei. to death, but for the aid of an accidental cestershire, has issued Proposals for com- passenger. Like Goldsmith, too, he pleting the second edition of Hutchins's took too large a dose of James's powders. History of Dorsetshire, with improve. He was buried by a French gentleman, ments by the late Richard Gough, esq. in his garden, about two miles froin Froin the very considerable accession of Cherson, at his own particular request. materials obtained by the unremitted es. Mr. BARRY, of Bristol, is doing that ertions of Mr. Gough, and the contribu- which might be followed with advantages tions of several gentlemen in the county, in every great coiya in England. By formning

A library

a lihrary of useful books, and introducing troductions for the Organ or Piano Forte; all the new Voyages and Travels, with dedicated (with permission) to his prethe best specimens of poetry, &c. he has ceptor, Dr. Crotch. They will appear greatly lessened the demands of his reade in the course of the preseut month. ers for the pernicious trash called novels. A very entertaining work, froin the His new catalogue, just publishing, is a pen of MAD, DE GENLIS, will appear in specimen of a collection that is creditable the course of a few days; it is entitled, to the character of the city.

La Botanique, Historique, et Litteraire, A New Bristol Guide will appear in suivie d'une Nouvelle, entituleé Les the course of the spring, that is well cale Fleurs ou Les Artistes. culated to make that interesting city, and A Winter in Paris, or Memoirs of its vicinity, the resort of numbers of tra- Madame de C., written by herself, will vellers, who are lovers of mineralogical appear in the course of the present science; and will exhibit also, the value' month. of the surrounding country.

An edition of Mr. DEPPING's “Soirées Miss MITFORD, who lately published a d'Iliver, is nearly ready for publication. volume of elegant Poems, has in the Mr. BIS»ETT, of Birmingham, bas, press, a Poem, in four cantos, founded with his wonted activity and ability, pre. on the events i bich arose out of the mu.. pared a medal, in commemoration of tiny of the Bounty, which is entitled ihe Regency, in gold, silver, bronze, and Christina, the Maid of the South Seas. imperial metal.

Mr. GEORGE SINGEB .continues his So large a part of the edition of the series of Lectures on electricity and elec- Rev. Richard Cecil's Works, in 4 vols. tro-chemistry, at the Scientific Institu- 8vo. now in the press, bas been bespoke tion, 3, Princes-street, Cavendish-square. by his friends, that no copies will be ado

Mr. PARKINSOx has requested us to vertised for public sale. Names may, announce, that the third and concluding however, yet be sent to the editor, the volume of Organic Remains of a former Rev. JOSIAN PRÁTT, Doughty-street, World, containing the fossil remains of London. echini, shells, insects, crustacea, fishes, Mr. HENRY Jacob, author of a Heamphibia, quadrupeds, &c. with twenty- brew Grammar, and Mr. A. J. Valpy, three coloured plates, will be published have it in contemplation to superintend in the middle of June.

a new edition of the Hebrew Bible, with Dr. Busby has just completed a points, and with the Latin translation of Translation, in rhyme, of the six hooks Arius Montanus interlined. The He. of Lucrerius on the Nature of Things. brew text will be taken from Vander Lord Grenville, to whom the work is to Hooght; and the work will be comprised be dedicated, has, we understand, seen in two handsome voluines, royal octavo. the first book, and expressed bis unqua. The Cow-Pock Institution, No. 62, lified approbation of the style in which Sackville-street, Dublin, has published, the doctor has executed this arduous the following abstract from the register undertaking. Previous to its publicae of inoculations and distribution of mate tion, the poem will be read, at Dr. B.'s ter : residence, by Mr. George Bushy, to a select literary audience. We hope,

Packets issued in our next Number, to be able to present,

lo Practitioners

Inoculated. our readers with further particulars, and

in general. to lay before them some specimens of

1804

578 1 the version.

776 • The Res. Thomas Jervis, of Leeds,

1805 1,032 1 1,194 is printing a volume of Sermons,

1806

1,340 Dr. Reid will recommence his course

1807 2,156 -- 1,790 of Lectures on the Theory and Practice

1808 3,002

2,286 of Medicine, on Wednesday, the 1st of

1809 3,941

2,540 May, at nine o'clock in the morning, at

1810
4,084

3,249
his house, Grenville-street, Brunswick-
square.

Totals 16,149 13,104 Mr. J. J. JONES, organist of St. Andrew by the Wardrobe, and St. Anu's. The directors observe, that the addiBlackfriars, intends to publish, by sub: tion of four thousand successful cases scription, a set of Six suyues, with lo- during the year 1810, tends only to cond

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