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tance, I shall not exchange you for any other a commissioner for special purposes on that person, if we can come to an understanding; coast; and eldest surviving son of the late in fact I wish to know what you wili charge Rev. Wm. Ludlam, of Leicester. The prefor your attenda ce until I am recovered?” mature death of this excellent vourg man is The doctor answcied, " eight guineas." not only a subject of sincere lamentation to "Ah! sir,” said the old man, “if you knew his numerous friends, but is in some degree a my disorder you would not be exorbitant: national lo-s. Inheriting ng small portion of but to put an end to this discussior, I will his father's naturol taient for scientific purgive you six guineas and a halt.” The doctor suits, and cultivated by a souni classical edu. assented, and the patient held outlis arin with C-tion, his first views in life were turned to the fee, and to have his pulse considered, and the liberal profession of a printer; and in that laid himself down again. His relations were capacity we gladly near testimony to the ex. numerous, but not being, in his opinion, qua- celler.ce of his contuct during a regular aplified, for want of experience in the manage prenticeship. Gentic and unassuming in his ment of money, to purse his 'wealth, he be minners, and industricus in his habits of busi. queathed the entire of it to a rich ta nily in the ness, his conduct gave general satisfaction West Indies, with the generous sum of 11. both to his equals and his superiors, Soon annually to a faithful scrvant, who lived with after the expiration of his apprenticeship, an him 24 years. In the will he expresses great opportunity occurred, wluch was thought kindness for poor John, and saya lië be. favourable both to his heaith and his future queatlied the 41. for his kind services, that his fortune, of entering into the service of the latter days may be soent in confortable inde. Sierra Leone
ny: and in that infant pendence! Like Thillusson, he would not Coloay he was for a considerable time one of allow his fortune to pass to his heirs imme. the council, and at length became governor. diately, as he directed that the entire should On the colony being taken into the hands of be funded for 14 years, and then, in its in the administration, a new governor was approved state, be at the disposal of the heirs pointed by the crown; but Mr. Luolam ob. he has chosen. For the regulation of his last tained an especial commission, with power to will and testament he appointed Walter Nu visit such parts of the coast of Africa as gle, esq. and Major O'Farreil, late of the night be thought useful to the interests of Austrian army, his executors, and the Right Great Britain and the general cause of humaHonourable David La Touche, and Lord fin- nity; a commission for which, by his mild gal, trustees.
conciliatory manners, and by the experience DEATHS ADROAD.
acquired during a long residence at Serra At Lisbon, Colonel James Wynch, of the Leone, he was mos: eminently qualified. 4th regiment, or King's Own, who was pro. But his bodily strength was not equal to the moted to the command of a brigade, and put task he had undertaken; and he fell á victim on the staff a short time before his dece ise. to discase, originally arising from a weak conThis gallant officer had lon, distinguished stitution; but with the pleasing consolation, himself by his uniform exertio s and bravery both to himself and his surviving friends, that in defence of bis king and country. He had his life, though not a long one, was wholly eerved successively in every expedition of im- passed in endeavours to be useful to all man. portance undertaken du'ing the war. At the kind. Helder he was severely wounded, and at the At sea, on board his Majesty's ship Dro. battle of Corunna was shot through the body; medary, Colonel William Paterson, lieute. from which latter wound he never entirely nant-colonel of the 102d regiment, fellow of recovered.
the Royal Society, member of the Asiatic SoAt Trocifal, Portugal, of a violent fever ciety, and many years lieutenant-governor of and delirum, (the consequence of over fa. New South Wales, from wbich colony he was tigue) William How Campbell, esq. briga- returning to England in the command of the dier-general in the Portuguese service, colonel 102d regiment. and lieut.-colonel of the 2d battalion, 31st On che Jamaica station, Captain William foot. His indefatigable zeal for the good of Charlton, commanding his Majesty's ship the service, and the individual comfort of the Garland. He commenced his naval career soldier, endeared him to all; devoted from his under the late circumnavigator, Captain earlicst youth to the enthusiastic study of his Cooke, and was with that officer when he profession, his talents and abilities prognose met his death. ticated a career of glory, had he not thus At Kingston, in Jamaica, Ann, the wife of early (at the age of 33) met a fate lamentable Colonel Thomlinson, of the 18th regiinent of and untimely. His family have to deplore foot, and eldest daughter of the late Rev. their blighted prospects; his country, the loss William Plumbe, rector of Aughton, in the of a valuable officer.
county of Lancaster. · On board the Crocodile frigate, at Sierra On his passage to India, Lieut. Allen Ca. Luone, in the Bib year of huis a ve, Thomas meron, of the 70th Highland regiment, son Ludlam, esq. lately appointed by his Majesty to Licut. John C. of che 6th royal veteran
battalion. When a little more than ten years of Europe already cherished, led him to withof age, he carried the regimental colours at draw from Spain, the Marquis of la Romana the battle of Maida, and though these were with her best troops. In the command uf much torn by the enemy's shot, he had the these the marquis displayed an intelligence good fortune to repain votouched. He after and delicacy which are well known, till the wards served with the battalion in Egypt, and situation of his beloved country coming to his as adjutant to the battalion of detachments knowledge amid the snow's of the north, from from the Isle of Wight on the Walcheren that moment he vowed to succour her; sur. expedition, where he unfortunately con- mounting, with that view, a thousand dantracted the fatal disorder to which he fell a gers and dithculties. In the courmand of the youthfui victim.
army of the left, which he soon obtained, At the settlement of Hobart, New South he executed the most skilful movements and Wales, Lientenant-governor Collins. He retreats, suspending and frustrating the plans died whilst sitting in his chair conversing of the always superior forces of the enemy. with his surgeon, who had altended him du. By his conduct and military skill, he finally ring a short illness of six days. His funeral succeeded in expelling them from Gallicia, was attended by all the officers of the settle. even to their own astonishment, and to the ment, Lieut. Lors, of the marines, following surprise of all who knew the small means he the bier as chief mourner. Opwards of 600 bad a: his disposal. Soon after he was sum..' persons attended to pay the last duties of moned to the Central Junta; where he prerespect to their revered commander.
sented himself, not as a victorious general, At the head quarters of the British army in but as an unassuming representative, displayPortugal, at Cartaxo, after a short illness, ing all the force of his character only in that occasioned by an aneurism of the bett, arid vote which he give in Oetoter 1809, on the the bursting of a large brod-vessel, in his necessity of forming immediately a council of 40th year, the most excellent Senor Don Pe. regency. On the 21th of fanuary, 1810, dro Caro y Sureda, Muralis de la Romana, the supreme povernment beinx dispersed by Grandee of Spain, Grand Cross of the Royal the entranc: of the French into Andalusia, he Spanish Order or Charles III and C ptain. returned to lukithe command of the army of General of his most Christian Majesty. He Estremadura. His presence was of such great was born in the city of Palma, in the island importance, that it was owing the enthu. of Majorca. After an education cuitable to siasm displayed in Bad joz, and in the whole his higt birth, during which he made a rapid province. The efforts which che enemy had progress in the learned languages, with the made since that line are well known, and classics of which he was familiarly acquain likewise the skill with which the marquis ted, emulous of his father, who died glori. contrived to keep them in check, and frus. ously in the field of honour in the expedi'ion trate their plans. Estremadura being at list to Algiers in 1775, he began his militare ca- cleared of the enemy, and Massena hiving reer in the Marine Guards of the Royal Navy, advanced in front of the lines at Torres There he continued till the war of the French Vedras, the marquis marched in bate, with Revolution ; at which period, being the cap. two divisions of his army, and has since tain of a frigate, he enrered, with the rank constantly been by the side of his illustrious of colonel, the army of Navarre, commandet friend, Lord Wellington, who, in one of his by his uncle, Lieur. gen. Don Ventura Caro; oficial dispatches, has so justly appreciated and afterwards that of Catalonia. In these his merit and virtues, and where culozy wild armies, by his valour and distinguishej ser- serve to mark the luss which Spain has vices, he rose successively to the rank of lieu suffered by his death, as well as the common tenant-general. In 1801 he was appoinced cause of the allies, even though we had captain-general of Catalonia, and pres dent of not numeros proofs of the polic enthuth: Royal Audiencia of chat province; in siasm which his name and fame isrired in which capacity he found opportunities of dis. all quarter. His body was covered by playing tsis extensive knowledge and sound witer to Lisbon, and therr disisite with policy. He was alterwards appointed direc. suit ble honors and ceremocies, in the ino.' tor-general of engineers, and counsellor at nastery of St. Jerom:, till it shall be rewar. The insidious plans which che tyrant moved to Spain.
MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. THE few beans and pease already above ground look healthy. Spring-sowing generally
backward, but the lands now work well. The wheats recovered from the degree of damage received during winter, and in a flourishing state upon all good lands; but, on the cold and wet, improvement nust be waited for, and will depend on the mildness of ihe spring. Some have still a yellow and unhealthy appearance.
Accounts from various parts speak well of the remaining turnips, and the cattle are said to be in a very thriving state. Winter Cares, rye, young clovers, and grass, appear very promising; and the clover-seed of last season has proved equal in quality to the finest of former years, indeed can scarcely be remembered so fine. Hay very scarce.
Stock of cattle in the country abundant, cows rather dearer. Pigs becoming very plentiful, the price of barley, pease, and beans, having been for some time favourable to che breeder, and a stock of pigs being soon raised. The stock of wheat in the country is universally reckoned considerable, still more so of barley, on which a farther depression of price may be expected, a circumstance extremely favourable to the public, since not only is the breeding of pigs encouraged, which has been defective so many years, but vast additional quantities of pork and bacon will in consequence be made, and the price of those necessary articles greatly reduced in no great length of time. Should another large crop of wheat succeed, a great revolution may be expected in the price of all the necessaries of life, an event which will be accelerated by our constanı large imports of provisions from Ireland, where also breeding and stock-feeding is in a state of rapid increase and improvement. The fall of lambs has been very large and successful, and they are likely to be very early fit for market. The report from all quarters favourable.
In Smithfield marker, Bect fetches from 55. to 6s. per stone of 81b. ;-Mutton, from 55. 4d. to 6s. ;-Veal, os. to 75. 8d. ;-House Lamb, 12. 6d. 10 173. 6d. per quarter ;-Pork, 6s. to 78. 4d. ;-Bacon, 6s. 8d. co 7s. 4d.;-Irish, 5s. 4d. to 55. 10d. ; Fat, 4s. to 48. 4d. ;Skins, 203. 10 395. ,
Middlesex, Marcb 95.
MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT. BRITISH TRANE AND MANUFACTURES.- We regret to state that the manufactories
in Lancashire of cotton goods, at Nottingham of hosiery, &c. continue in the same deplorable way, for want of exportation to the Continent, and failures of the most respectable houses take place every day. We hope the intended reliet offered by government of six millions to the merchants and manufacturers, may give some favourable turn to the present dreary aspect of affairs, but we apprehend that ibree times the sum would not be sufficient for the intended purpose.
The prices of West India cotton wool is merely nominal, there being no purchasers in the market for the article from the foregoing reasons. Dye-stuffs of every description are at reduced prices, and West India produce is fat in the market, a little advance of about 3s. per cwt. has taken place in raw sugar, but coffee continues at nominal prices, and no sale whatever for it. The manufactories of Birmingham, Shetheid, &c. of iron and brass goods, &c. are at a complete stand, and thousands of poor workmen totally out of employ.
In consequence of the high price of bullion, the Bank of England now receive the 58. dollars at the rate of 55. 6d. each, and issue them at the sanie rate, the dollar being worth nearly that value at the present high price of silver; in consequence of this arrangement the funds .. have fluctualed a little.
The linen market at Dublin is just over, and, owing to the present unsettledstate of affairs with America, no purchases whatever were made for the United States, consequently the articles of linen, sheetings, &c. went off at reduced prices, and the market turned out an uncommonly bad one for the manufacturers and bleachers of the North.
FRANCE.-Some kind of intercourse with respect to commercial correspondence with this country has at length taken place, by the late arrival of mails from Germany, which brought letters from France dated four months back, and up to very recent dates. By this conveyance it appears that Bonaparte's burning decree still continues in full force, and the most rigid exercions are used to prevent any kind of commercial intercourse with Great Britain. Yet our government have granted licenses to vessels to proceed to the continent, with permission to bring home seeds, &c. but all other French goods are prohibited.
PORTUGAL.-The situation of this country has put a total stop to all kind of commerce, except the export of their wines, which, from the scarcity of wine, and the want of brandies to niake them up, have got up to the enormous price of 601. per pipe, exclusive of duty, excise, and charges, which, if added to the first cost, would bring port wine to a market at no less a price than 1201. per pipe! There are no old wines in the country, consequently the prices are likely to advance still higher. Spain. The commerce with this country is chiefly confiaed to Cadiz, and that only in
the indigoes, cotton wool, and hides, &c. of South America, exported thence to this country for sale on commission. The wines, as sherry, &c. are very scarce and dear, and old wines not to be had at any price; the London docks, however, have a stock of the article nearly equal to five years' consumption, and prices are from 851. to 1101. per butt, duty, &c. paid.
WEST INDIES.-By the last mails we have been informed of a large fleet's arrival off Barbadoes bound for Jamaica, and the other islands, without the loss of a single ship. This information gave general sacisfaction to our underwriters at Lloyd's, who lately have suffered severely by the captures inade by French privateers in our channel. The provisions sent out by this feet, will no doubt arrive at a very favourable market, as beef, pork, butter, &c. were scarce in the islands, and in much demand. British manufactured goods were selling at full 20 per cent. under cost, and the markers completely glutted.
SOUTH AMERICA. The markets here are overstocked with all kinds of Manchester foods, &c. &c. and sale cannot be forced at even prices considerably under first cost. Our speculators at Liverpool and Manchester experience duily the folly of shipping every kind of inferior goods to the Brazils, and many of them would now wish their goods even at home, to satisfy their creditors with some kind of payment or security for the debts unguardedly contracted.
Current Prices of Shares in Navigable Canals, Docks, Bridges, Roads, Water Works, aod Fire and Life Insurance Companies, at the Office of Messrs. Wolfe and Co. No. 9, 'Change Alley, Cornhill, 220 March, 1811.-Croydon Canal, 291. per share.-Cirand Junction ditto, 2701. ditto.-Grand Surry dicto, 981. ditto.-Huddersfield ditto, Sil. 10s. dicto.--Kennet and Avon dicto, 421. 10s. ditto.-Leeds and Liverpool ditto, 1811. ditto. Leicestershire and Northamptonshire Union ditto, 1121. dicro-Lancaster ditto, 271. ditto. Rochdale ditto, 531. ditto Thames and Medway ditto, 451. per share premium. Wiles and Berks ditto, 361. per share.- Worcester and Birmingham ditto, 411. ditto.--Commercial Duck, with the new share attached, 1631. per share.am East India Dock, 1291. per cent.-East Country Dock, 801, per share.- London Dock Stock, 1291. per cent. - Ditto Scrip, 25). per cent. premium West India Dock Scock, 1661. per cent.-Commercial Road, 1361. ditto.-East London Water Works, 1881. per siiare.Grand Junction ditto, 15l. per share, premium.-Keot ditto, 271. ditto.--South London ditto, 1201. per share.-West Middlesex ditto, 1101. ditto.-Albion Insurance Office, 571. ditto, --Globe dicto, 1201, disto.--Imperial ditto, 801. dicto. d
The average prices of Navigable Canal Property, Dock Stock, Fire-office Shares, &c. in March, 1811, (to the 25th) at the Office of Mr. Scott, 28, New Bridge-street, London. Trent and Mersey, or Grand Trunk Canal, 11701. the last half-yearly dividend at the rate of 451. per share clear, per annum.- Birmingham, 10601. dividing 421. clear.-Coventry, 8551. dividing at the rate of 321. per share. Swansea, 1671. ; the last dividend 81. per share.
Monmouthshire, 1291.-Grand Junction, 2711, 1o 2701. -Warwick and Napton, 2901. dividing 101, per share. Warwick and Birmingham, dividing 91.--Shrewsbury, 145l. die viding 81.-Kennet and Avon, 431. 103. to 421. Wilts ana Berks, 45l. co 351. 10s.-Roche dale, 551. to 541.-Ellesmere, 801.-Union, 1101.-Grand Union, 81. discount.-Lancaster, 261. with dividend of 1!. per share.-Ashby-de. la Zouch, 241.-Worcester and Birmingham old Shares, 401. New ditto, 11. 10s. premium.-- Croydon, 301.-West India Dock Stock, 1671. to 1651.-London Dock, 1291. to 1271.-Ditto Scrip, 261. per cent. premium.--Commercial Dock old shares, 1591. with new share attached.-Albion Assurance, 571. to 561.Globe, 1901. -Atlas, par.-Rock, 11. 18. to 19s. premium.East London Water Works, 1891.-Grand Junction ditto, 121. 108. premium. -- London Institution, 681. 55.--Strand Bridge. 121. discount.-Vauxhall ditto, 281. discount-Dover-street-road, 10s. to 11. premium. Commercial Rond, 135l. per cent. ex half-yearly dividend. 3.-The monthly sale is on the first Friday.
NATURALIST'S MONTHLY REPORT.
The rivers swell,
O'er rocks, and woods, in broad browo cataracts,
. A thousand snow-fed torrents shoot at once. DURING the whole of the present monch the weather bas been extremely changeable ;
and on eighteen of the twenty-eight days there has been rain, viz. on the 1st, 2d, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 15ch, and from the 21st to the 28ch, inclusive. On the 15th the rain was very heavy, and continued so, almost without intermission, through the whole day. There was a frost in the night of the 16th, but it only continued until the following morning,
On the 1st the wind was south-west; in the afternoon of the 20, south-east; on the 3d and 4th, south-west ; 5th and 6th, south-east ; 7th and 8th, south-west ; 9th, easterly; com tbe 10ch co the 14th, westcrly; on the 15th, east; 16th, northerly ; 17th, 18th, 19th, MONTALY MAG. No. 211.
southerly; 20th, north-west; 21st, south-south-west) 920 and 23d, south-west ; 24th, south-east, and south; 25tli, 26th, and 27th, west; and on the 28th, south-west. We had strong gates on the 1s1, 32, 8th, and 26th, but particularly on the sth.
February 3. There was a peculiarly high tide, without any apparent cause ; but in the course of the day a heavy gale blowing from the south-west accounted for it. Garden pease begin to appear out of the ground.
February 4. A species of podura, or spring-rail, is come out of its place of concealment, and runs about in the day-time upon old niossy walls. These insects, like all others of the same tribe, have a kind of elastic tail, wlich is folded under the body, and by means of which they are enabled to leap to very considerable distances. This power is evidently given 10° them for the purpose of aiding their escape from enemies. It is a singular circumstance that one species of these insects, (viz. podura aquatica of Linnæus,) is found usually on the sur. face of the water, on which it leaps with nearly as much agility as the others do on liard substances.
February 4. The lark and redbreast sing. On sunny and sheltered banks, vegetation has begun. The leaves of several plants have shot out of the ground in the course of the last seven or eight days.
February 5. There are now a great number of lambs on the commons and in pastures.
From this day to the 14th, the weather was in every respect so unfavourable, that I was scarcely able to walk out in the fields during the whole interval. I had, however, an oppor tunity of remarking that the leaf.buds of the gooseberry and lilac were becoming green.
Pebruary 14. The larch and yew are hoth in flower. .
I observed a dark coloured butterfly this day, but it was ať such a distance that I could not discover the species. It was doubtless either papilio io, or urticæ.
The flowers of laurustinus die and drop off. Coltsfoot (tussilago farfara) and ivy-leared speedwell (veronica bederæ folia) are both in flower.
February 16. Rooks are beginning to pair.
The carkins of two or three species of willows appear ; and the leaves of cockoo-pint (arun maculatum) spring from the ground.
February 17, Bees of different kinds are busily employed apparently in collecting the pollen from the catkins of the willows. Small insects are flying about in every direction.
The blackbird and thrush sing.
The season is not a forward one. The late severe frosts, and the succession of wet weather since, have tended very considerably to check the progress of vegetation.
February 20. In sheltered gardens hyacinths and mezereon are in flower.
February 27. Water crow-foot (racunculus aquatilis) is cut for the purpose of feeding calile.
MONTHLY BOTANICAL REPORT. SINCE our last Report two numbers of the BOTANICAL MAGAXINE have appeared, the
contents of which we shall proceed to enumerate, and occasionally to comment opon. Aloe foliolosa. Under this article Mr. Ker has given a new generic character of the genus Atör; the principal idditional character in which appears to us to be its having winged seeds. This species is nearly allied to A. spiralis, from which, and from the cushion-aloes, it differs remarkably in habit from the lengthening of the caudex, still closely covered with the foliage.
Aloe rccurva, vor sa of Lamarck, and Alöe mirab:lis, both belong to chat division of the genus which bear a bilabiate corolla with the lacinia rolled back.
Aloe virens. This is one of Mr. Haworth's species which is not takes up in the Hortus Kewensis, and was not before mentioned by any author; it has long scarlet reflexed flowers.
Aloe margaritifera, y. minima. Miner has been before published under the name, however,
Aloe aracbwoiles, B: pumila ; the atrovirens of Decandolle.
Aloe mitræformis, B. brevifolia. This plant is considered as a distinct species by Haworth, büt the brevissiia of the new edition of the Hortus Kewensis and of Decándolle is a different plant; the prolifera of Haworth. Mr. Ker has remarked that the synonym quoted from Decandolle in the Hortus Kewensis belongs to a, and not to R, to which it is there errotte ously referred. We are glad to see that this ingenious butanist continues to illustrate this dificult genus, the more particularly, as, from the succulent nature of these plants, very little satisfaction can be obtained from consulting different herbariums in regulating the synonyms. It is especially 'satisfactory too, that so many of the drawings are made from Mr. Haworth's collection, because this gentleman's monograph of this genus in the 7th