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struck the enemy fled behind the sand hills. A London Gazette extraordinary of At this critical moment Lieut. Baker an. Sunday, April 7th, contains the particuehored his vessel on their fank, and opened lars of the important retreat of Massena, a well directed fire. The sand hills being no in a letter from Lord WELLINGTON. longer a protection, and finding it impossible

Villa Seca, March 14, 1811. either to advance or retreat, the enemy hung The enemy retired from their position out a flag of truce, and offered to surrender which they had occupied at Santarem and the upon terms; but I would listen to nothing neighbourhood, in the night of the 5th iust. but an unconditional surrender, which, after I put the British army in motion to follow some deliberation, was complied with

them on the morning of the 6th. Their first In the mean time the gun-boats on the movements indicated an intention to collect south side, which had been much galled by a force at Thomar, and I therefore marched the fire of Fort Yorke and Massareene bat- upon that town, on the 8th, a considerable tery, got under weigh, and stood to the west. budy of troops, formed of a part of Marshal Sir ward, and the column of the enemy which w. Beresford's corps, under major-general the had advanced on the south side, finding their Hon. Wm. Stewart, which had crossed the retreat no longer covered by the flotilla, also Tagus at Abrantes, and afterwards the Zehung out a flag of truce, I sent out an officer zere, and of the 4th and oth and part of the - to meet it. I was asked to surrender; the re- 1st divisions of infantry, and two brigades of

ply that I returned it is unnecessary to men. British cavalry. The enemy however conition. The enemy finding my determination, tinued his march towards the Mondego, hav

sought permission to embark without moles- ing one corps, the 2d, on the road of Espin.
tation; but I would listen to nothing but an hel; General Loison's division on the road of
unconditional submission, and I have the Anciao, and the remainder of the army to.
pleasure to inform you, that this corps also wards Pombal. These last were followed and
laid down their arms and surrendered them- never lost sight of by the light division and
selves prison: rs of war. The prisoners which the Royal Dragoons and the 1st Hussars, who
were now more numerous than my small took from them about 200 prisoners.
garrison, were no sooner secured, than ope. On the 9th the enemy collected in front of
rations were commenced against the reserve, Pombal the 6th corps, with the excepcion of
which had been seen retreating to the west. General Loison's division, tbe 8th corps, and
ward of the island. I took the field with the 9ch corps, and General Montbrun's divie
Major Torrens (who though wounded in- sion of cavalry. The hussars, which, with
sisted on accompanying me) and Lieutenant the royal dragoons and light division, were
and Adjutant Steele ; but, as our prisoners immediately in front of the enemy's army,
were so numerous, and as we had no place of distinguished themselves in a charxe which
security in which to place them, I could they made on this occasion under the com.
only employ on this occasion the brigade of mand of Colonel Arenschidlo. A detachment
howitzers. When we arrived at the west of the 16th light dragoons under Lieut. Wey.
end of the island, we found that the enemy land, which had been in observation of the
had formed on the beach and were protected by enemy near Leyria, made prisoners a dan
fourteen gun-boats towed close to the shore ; tachment, consisting of 30 dragoons, on that
to attack such a force, with four howitzers morning, and had followed the enemy from
and 40 men, seemed a useless sacrifice of brave Leyria, and arrived on the ground just
men's lives; I, therefore, with the advice of in time to assist their friends the hussars
Major Torrens balted on the hills, while I in this charge. I could not collect a suflicient.
peluctantly saw the reserve einbarked under body of troops to commence an operation
the cover of the gun-boats, and the flotilla upon the enemy till the 11th. On that day
took a final leave of the island. I am happy to the 1st, 3d, 4th, 5th, and 6th, and the light
say our loss has not been so considerable as divisions of infantry, and General Pack's bri.
might have been expected from só desperate

gade, and all the British cavalry joined upon the an attack, we having only two killed and ground immediately in front of the enemy, thirty wounded. The enemy have suffered who had commenced their retreat from their severely. I am happy to add, the property position during the night. They were folbelonging to the merchants has been fully lowed by the light division, the hussars and protected, without meeting with the least loss. royals, and Brigadier General Pack's brigade, I have the honour to be, &c.

under the command of Major General Sir J. W. MAURICE, Commandant. Wm. Erskine, and Major General Slade, and Killed.--Guesta Brachio, serjeant; Anthony

made an attempt to hold the ancient castle of Locke, private.

Pombal, from which they were driven; but the Total killed and wounded- 32.

6th corps and General Montbrun's cavalry,

which formed the rear guard, supported by J. W. MAURIO). the 8th corps, held the ground on the other

side of the town, the troops not having are rived in time to complete dispositions to atsack them before it was dask. Upon this


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occasion, Lieut. Colonel Elder's battalion of effect of dislodging them from the strong Portuguese caçadores distinguished them- position of Condeixa ; and the enemy enselves. The enemy retired in the night ;. camped last night at Caza! Nova in the and on the 12th the 6th corps, with General moun'ains, about a league from Condeixa. Montbrun's cavalry, took up a strong posicion We immediately communicated with Coat the end of a defile between Redina and imbra, and made prisoners a detachment of Pombal, with their right in a wood upon the the enemy's cavalry which were upon the Soure river, and their left extending towards road. the nigh ground above the river of

of Redinha, We found the 6th and 8th corps formed in This town was in their rear. I attacked them a very strong position near Cazal Nova this in this position on the 12th with the 3d and morning, and the light division attacked and 4th light divisions of infantry, and Brigadier drove in their out-posts. But we could disGeneral Pack's brigade and the cavalry, the lodge them from their positions only by other troops being in reserve. The post in movements on their flanks Accordingly I the wood upon their right was first forced by moved the 4th division under Major-General Sir William Erskine with the light division. Cole, upon Panella, in order to secure the We were then able to form the troops in the passage of the river Esa, and the communicaplain beyond the defile; and the 3d division tion with Espin hal, near which place Majorunder Major-Gen. Picton were formed in two General Nightingall had been in observation lines in tbe centre, having Gen. Pack's brigade of the movements of the Zà corps since the supporting their right, and communicating 10th; and the Sd division, under Major. with the 3d division ; and the light division General Picton, more immediately round in two lines on the left. These troops were the enemy's left, while the light division and supported in the rear by the British cavalry, Brigadier General Pack's brigade, under Ma. and the 1st, 5th, and 6th, divisions, were jor-General Sir W. Erskine, turned their in reserve. The troops were formed with right; and Major General Alexander Campgreat accuracy and celerity, and Lieutenant bell, with the 6th division, supported the General Sir B. Spencer led the line against light troops, by which they were attacked in the enemy's position on the heights, from front. These troops were supported by the which they were immediately driven, with cavalry, and by the 1st and 5th divisions, the loss of many men killed and wounded, and and Colonel Ashworth's brigade in reserve. some prisoners. Major-General Sir William These moveinents obliged the enemy to Erskine particularly mentioned the conduct abandon all the positions which they succes. of the 52d regiment, and Colonel Elder's ca. sively took in the mountains, and the two çadores, in the attack of the wood; and I corps d'armée composing the rear guard were must add that I have never seen the French fiung back upon the main body at Miranda de infantry driven from a wood in a more gallant Corvo, upon the river Esa, with considerable style. There was but one narrow bridge, and loss of killed, wounded, and prisoners. In a ford close to it, over the Redinha river, the operations of this day, the 430, 52d, and over which our light troops passed with the 95th regiments, and 3d caçadores, under the enemy, but as the enemy commanded these command of Colonels Drummond and Beck. passages with cannon, some time elapsed be with, and Matrickson, Lieut.-Colonel Ross, fore we could pass over a suficient body of and Majors Gilmour and Stewart, particularly troops to make a fresh disposicion to attack distinguished themselves; as also the light in. the heights on which they had again taken fantry battalions of General Picton's division post. The 3d division crossed, however, and under Lieutenant-Colonel Williams, and the mancurred again upon the enemy's left Aank Ath cacadores under Colonel de Regoa, and while the light infantry and cavalry, sup- the troops of horse artillery under the comported by the light division, drove them mand of Captains Ross and Buil. The result upon their main body at Condeixa. The light of these operations has been that we have infantry of Major-General Picton's division, saved Coimbra and l'pper Beira from the under Lieut-col. Williams, and the 4th ca. enemy's ravages, and we have opened the çadores, under Colonel de Regoa, were prin. communications with the northern provinces, cipally concerned in this operation. We and we have obliged the enemy to take for found the whole army yesterday, with the their retreat the road by Ponte de Murcella, exception of the second corps, which was still in which they may be annryed by the militia at Espinhel, in a very strong position at Con- acting in security upon their flank, while the deixa; and I observed that they were sending allied army will press upon their rear. The their baggage by the road of Ponte de Mur- whole country, however, affords many advancella. From this circumstance I concluded tageous positions to a retreating army, of that Col. Trant had not given up Coimbra; which the enemy have shewn they know how and that they had not been able to detach to avail themselves. troops to force him from the place. I there. They are retreating from the country as fore marched the 3d division, under Major they entered it, in one solid mass : covering General Picton, through the mountains upon their rear on every march by the operations the enemy's left, towards the only road open of either one or two corps d'armée, in the for their retreats which had the immediate strong positions which the country affords;

*hich corps d'armée, are closely supported Chief: in which he told the inhabitants of by the main body. Before they quitted their Portugal, that he was not come to make position they destroyed a part of their cannon war upon them, but, with a powerful army and ammunition, and they have since blown of one hundred and ten thousand men, to up whatever the horses were unable to draw drive the English into the sea. It is to be away. They have no provisions excepting hoped that the example of what has occurred what they plunder on the spot ; or having in this country, will teach the people of plundered, what the soldiers carry on their this and of other nations what value they backs; and live cattle. I am concerned to ought to place on such promises and assurbe obiiged to add to this account, that their ances, and that there is no security for life Conduct throughout this retreat has been or for any thing which renders life valuable, marked by a barbarity seldom equalled, and excepting in decided resistance to the enemy. never surpassed. Even in the towns of I have the honour to enclose returus of killed Torres Novas, Thomar, and Pernes, in which and wounded in the several affsirs with the the head-quarters of some of the corps had enemy since they commenced their retreat. been for four months, and in which the inha. I have received the most able and cordial bitants had been induced by promises of good assistance throughout these operations from treatment to remain, they were plundered, Lieutenant General Sir Brent Spencer and anj many of their houses destroyed on the Marshal Sir W. Beresford, whom I had renight the enemy withdrew from their po. quested to cross the Tagus, and who has sition, and they have since burnt every town been with me since the 11th instant; from and village through which they have passed. Major-Generals Sir W. Erskine, Picion, The convent of Alcobaca was burnt by order Cole, and Campbell, Major General Slade. from the French head-quarters. The Bishop's and Major General the Hon. C. Colville, Palace, and the whole town of Leyria, in and the general and other officers commandwhich General Drouet had had his head. ing brigades under their orders respectively, quarters, shared the same fate ; and there is I am particularly indebted to the Quarter. not an inhabitant of the country of any Master General Colonel Murray for the as. class or description, who has had any dealing sistance I have received from him, and the or communication with the French army, Deputy Adjutant-General the Hon. Colonel who has not had reason to repent of it, and to Pakenham, and the Officers of the Adjutant complain of them.

and Quarter. Master General's departments, This is the mode in which the promises as also to those of my personal statt, who have been verformed and the assurances have have given me every assistance in their been fulfilled, which were held out in the power. Proclamation in the French Commander-in


IVith Biographical Memoirs of distinguished Characters recently deceased.

THE following is an account of duty paid' eleven persons were taken out, four of whom

by the twelve principal Fire-offices for were dead, viz. a mother and three children, the Christmas quarter:

named Crewe; the wounded persons were Sun...... £22,885 | Hope ...... £1,482 taken to St. Bartholomew's hospital, most of Phænix.... 14,611 | British...... 3,923 them in a most deplorable state. The fires Royal Exch. 13,014 | Albion...... 3,763' in the grates having communicated to the Imperial ... 8,995 Westminster.. 2,939 ruins, in the course of the evening, some Globe ..... 6,932 Atlas........ 2,802 apprehensions were entertained for the safety County .... 4,527 | Hand-in-Hand 2,791 of the neighbouring houses, but on the arri.

A new dock has lately been opened at val of several engines the flames were soon Rotherhithe, near the King's Victualling- quenched. A curoner's inquest was held on office, called the East-Country Dock, capable the bodies of Mrs. Crewe and her children, of holding about 80 ships, intended for those when the jury brought in a verdict of accio from America, the Baltic, the Fisheries, and dental death and sentenced the Ironmongers others containing naval stores.

company, to whom the houses belonged, to On Monday, April the 8th, two houses in' pay 1001. as a deodand. Ironmonger-row, Old street-road, which, not

MARRIED. withstanding they were under repair, were At St. George's, Bloomsbury, Licut. T. crowded with inhabitants, fell down with a A. Edwards, of the royal navy, to Sarah, most tremendous crash, and buried a great youngest daughter of Mr. Surman, of Islingnumber of the inmates in the ruins. The ton-row,- The Rev. S. Birch, rector of St. London militia, who were exercising in the Mary, Woolnoth, to Margaret, eldest daughArtillery-ground, were immediately sent to ter of William Browning, esq. of Woburnaid the sufferers, and, by unwcaried exertions, place, Russell-square.



At Mary-le-bone, B. Madden, esq. of Ja- probity. He was a native of Cornwall. Many maica, to Caroline, youngest daughter of the years ago, by his order, an excavation was late Mr. Edward Strange, of Tunbridge-wells. made in a rock, near Mount's-bav, in Corn. -Baron Charles de Tuyll, to Miss Gilder- wall, for the purpose of holding his remains mecster, daughter of Daniel G. esq. formerly when his mortal career should be ended. Dutch consul-general and chargé d'affaires to The place was ever afterwards denominated the Queen of Portugal.-Dr. Adams, of Doc. “Knill's Folly." He was, however, a man tors'-commons, to Mary Ann; and, at the of an excellent understanding, and well as. same time, Thomas Philip Maunsell, esq. of quainted with mankind. Though he had a Thorpe Mallor, Northamptonshire, to Caroline very wide circle of friends and acquaintancz, Eliza, both daughters of the late Hon. W. and was highly esteemed by all who kreis Cockayne, of Rushton-hall.

him, he resisted every invitation to dine in Ac St. George's, Hanover-square, the Rev. private society, and for very many years pust L. W. Eliot, rector of Peper Harrow, Surry, dined every day at Dolly's chop house, walkto Matilda Elizabeth, second daughter of the ing through the chiet avenues of the town in late Henry Halsey, esq. of Henley-park. the course of the day, in order to meet his Henry Fellowes, esq. second son of Robert F. friends, and to preserve bis health by mo. esq. of Shottisham, Norfolk, to Frances, younge derate exercise. est daughter of Sir John Frederick, bart.

The Rev. Dr. Price, of Trinity-coller w. Lokes, e q. of Desborough, Northamp. Cambridge, chaplain to his Royal Highness tonsbire, to Mrs Jones.

the Prince of Wales, and formerly rector of James G. Seton, esq. of George-street, Great Houghton, in the county of Northatana Adelphi, to Georgiana, eldest daughter of ton. Charles Bourchier, esq. of Hackney.

In Cork-street, Burlington.gardens, Fires At Cripplegate, Mr. C. T. Neale, to Miss Wilson, esq. superintending surgeon of the mea Gastineau, of Camberwell.

dical establishment, Bombay. Thomas Bull Williams, esq. of Thorn. In South Audley-street, Mr. Donaldson, haugh-street, to Miss M. S. Dunbar, of Pad. the king's messenger. As he was walking in

Thames-street, his toot slipped, he became At Lambeth, Mr. Stanley Howart, of Can. entangled with a hackney-coach, which three pon-street, to Mis: Ching, of Brixton, Surry. him down, and the wheel went over his leg,

Robert Tulloh, esq. of Gould-square, to which was dreadfully fractured. The coach. Mary Joanna, only daughter of the late man drove away with the most caseless indif. William Grant, esqof Demerara.

ference, and has never been traced. Mr. At St. Ann's, Biackfriars, Mr. Benjamin Donaldson was conveyed to "house in Severs, of Chatham-place, lo Miss Raban, of South Audley-street, and; Bridge-street.

eminent surgeon; but the which enDIED.

sued prevented amputation. He lingered some In Upper Berkeley-screet, S.dky Effendi, days in great agony. He was between 50 chargé des affaires from the Sublime Ottoman and 60 years of age, was a very intelligent Porie. His excellency was interred in the man, well acquainted with most of the cooliburial.ground of St Pancras. The procession nental congues, and was greatly esteemed. consisted of a hearse, containing the body, In Montague-street, Russell-square, Anx, covered with white satin, followed by his second daughter of Thomas Dickasou, esq. excellency's private carriage, and two mourn In Green Lettuce-lane, Mary Axr, eldest ing coaches, in which were the priest and daughter of Mr. John Smith, of Newbottle, the late ambassador's attendants. Upon ar- Durham, 18. riving at the ground, the body was taken In New-court, Swithin's-lane, Mrs. Tra. out of the shell which contained it, wrapped Vers, wite of Benjamin T. esq. in rich robes, and dropped into the grave, In Bishopsgate street, Mr. Jobn Arcber, and immediately after a large stone, nearly 50. the size of the body, was laid upon it; and, At Paddington, Basil Owen, eldest son of after some Mahometan ceremonies hau been the Rev. Basil Woodd, 23. gone through, the attendants ieft the ground. At Lambeth, Mrs. Smith, wife of Mr. The procession, in going to the church-yard, Charles S. galloped nearly all the way.

In Red Lion-street, Clerkenwell, Mrs. Bae Ai Colebrook-terrace, Islington, Mrs. Mar. con, wife of Mr. John B. 69. garet Tbompson, wife of Mr. Nathaniel T. She In College-street, Westminster, Elisaberb, was decply regretted by all who knew her. wife of William Whitmore, esq. 24.

Mrs. Browne, relict of George B. esq. of At Twickenham, Mr. Thomas Champion, of Evenly-hall, Northamptonshire.

Mincing lane. At Sunbury, Mirs. Crawsbay, relict of In Fenchurch-street, Miss Adamson. Richard C. esq. of Merthyr Tydvil, Gla. At Kenningion, Mrs. Jones, wife of Mr. morgan.

Albin J.-Mrs. Linging, relict of Samuel L. · Ai his chambers in Gray's-inn, in his 78th esq. 65. year, Yobn Krill, esq. a gentleman of rather In Albion-place, Mr. Benjamin Cape, 78. singular character, though of great worth aod In Aldersgate street, Mrs. Ann Jcfferie.

geon; but the attended by an

In Devonshire-place, James Pinnock, esg. Thomas Edmonds, ambassador extraordinary

In New Norfolk-street, John Hammer, esq. to the court then held at Fontainbleau, "to M.P. for Taunton, and a partner is the house swear the French king to the peace." In of Esdaile and Hammet, bankers, Lombard. 1637, Mr. Marsham was sworn one of the atreet.

six clerks in Chancery; and, during the reigu In Hatton-garden, Jobs Nicholl, sen. esg. of Charles I. being attached to the royal 79.

cause, he “ went after his majesty, like a At the St. James's hotel, Jermyn street, , good lawyer, following the great seal to OxGiles Earle, 4s7. of Beningbrough-hall, York- ford.” This, of course, aroused the wrath shire, 77.

of the victorious republicans, who had then Ja Wimpole-street, in her 44th year, Lody possession, which some professional men have Elizabeib, wife to bieutenant-general Lotius, reckoned nire points in the law, they, there. daughter of the late Marquis Townsend and fore, treating him as a delinquent, seized his Charlotte Cumpton, Baroness Ferrers of Chart, office, and mulcted his cstate. He, ac length, ley. Every virtue, feminine grace, and amia- compoundid, indeed, for the lac er, at the ble quality, were blinded in the act' active rate oi 5.161. 165. d. However, on the recharac-er of Lady Elizabeth Loftus; truh, storation of Charles II. his affairs seem to candour, and sincerity, characterized every have beca more Hourishing chan ever; for, action of her life; her religion was pure, ra. on that event taking place, he became a tional, and un affected; she was beloved and master in Chan ery, was Teiürned a member esteemed by all who had the happiness of for the city or Rixhester, hacie honour of knowing her, and died universally regretted. knighthood contared upon him, and, in three

In Southampton row, Russell-square, aged yea's more, was created a bionet. Sir John 87, Stetens Totton, esq. barrister at law; a appears to have been a very studious man, man of considerable nechanical talent, and ang to have written marry tracts, celebrated famous for having introduced barrelled arches at that day. He was termed, hy tearned into the sewers of the metropolis.

persons, "the great Marshain of Engiand. At Brompron, Birs. Marika Biyckner, 77. Anthony Wucatif ays, "hac Monsieur Ca

Mr. W ici sell, father of Mr. W. leader of racoy, the king of France's library-keeper, the band at the King's Theatre, and of Mis and ail the great and learned men of Europe, Burlington,

his cotemporaries, acknowledged him to be in Conduit-street, Hanover square, the Hon. one of the greatest antiquaries and most Mrs. Claimondelcy, widow of the Hon. and Rev. learned and accurate writer of his time, as Robert C. 81.

appears by their testimoni-s, under their Further account of the late Earl of Romney, hands and seals, in their letters to him, which wbose deutb was mentioned in our last Number, would make a volume in folio." He posses

The family of the Marshams is of consi. sed Whorne's place, at Caxton, near Rochesderable antiquity, and, although never pos- ter, Kent; and died at Bushy. hall, Hertfordsessed of either great wealth or very exten- shire, May 26, 1685, aged 83. By his wife, sive power, has been long respectable. We Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Hammond, learn from Edmondson*, that they came ori. of St. Albin's, in East Kent, he left two zinally from the county of Nortolk, and that sons, Sir John Marsham, of Caxton, bart. tbey first took their name from a town there; and Sir Robert Marsham, of Bushy-hall, a custom very prevalent in England during Hertfordshire, the latter of whom is the an. former times, and usual in France, until the cestor of the earls of Romney. The forgier period of the revolution. Thomas de Mar. of these was very studious, like his father, sham dieu in 1103; and the industrious re- and, being possessed of the family library, searches of the genealogists have discovered, which was stili valuable, although diminishthat his great grandson Richard was a monk ed by the great fire of London, in 1666, he in the priory of Norwich, and almoner to nis set about composing the History of England. monastery. From the same source we learn, Alohough twice niarried, he left no offspring that a descendant of one of the good fiat's behind him; accordingly, on his demise, he brothers served the office of sheriff of Nor. Was succeeded by his brother, above mene wich in 1510, and mayor of that city in 1.518, tioned, who orcupied, like his father, the The founder of the lamily, however, seems wince of one of the six clerks in Chancery, to have been Thomas Mrisham, an aluerman and, in 1681, had obtained the honour of of London, who died in 1624, and appears knighthood. He also obtained a seat in par. to have been very wealthy. John, bis seccod liament, having been thrice returned for son, born in 102, was educried first at Maidstone, during the reign of William III. Westminster, and then at Oxford, where he By his wife, Llizib chi, daughter and heir of took a digree, in 1625; and chence remov. ing to the Temple, there tudied the law. * 1 Diatriba Chronologica Lond. 1649.; This, however, did not occur until he hadi 2. Chronicus Canon Æ sptiacus, &c; 3. Pretravelled into France, Italy, Germany, and face to the ed vol. of the Monast. Anglican; Holland; during which period he attended sir 4. Imperium Persicum; 5. De Provinciis &

- Lezonibus Romanis; and 6. De Re Nummaria, Baronasium Genealogicum. . Hist. of the Oxford Writers.


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