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thought to be his body-colour pictures, certain of all testimonies) may be found in the execution of which he was most in that confidence, respect, and attache eminently successful; and which are ment, which attended him through life; rendered more valuable from the very and, though latterly, amongst his surrounde few artists, who have encountered the ing friends, there inust have been few laborious difficulty attending that scien- with whom he began life, yet there were tific mode of painting, and met with any some. I reinember with infinite pleasure, very considerable success.
being one day about seven years ago atTowards the latter part of his life, he his house, when the late ingenious Mre accustoined himself to paint in oil, in Grignion, the engraver, came in, who, which he was also successful; the same though then upwards of eighty years of faithfulness, clearness, and accuracy, and age, had come from Kentish-Town, to that appearance of day.light, is to be seen visit his old friend; and, as the venerable in a few oil pictures he left behind him. gentlemens' bands iet, Mr. Grignion
Mr. Sandby was a great admirer of the exclaimed, “ My dear Paul, I am come works of Marco Ricci, and studied them to spend the day with you; for, by the with fond attention; whenever one of memorandum on this scrap of paper, it Marco's pictures was to be met with, Mr, appears, that, on this day sixty years Sandby, if possible, became its pure back, you and I first met; and though, chaser; and, perhaps, he had the largest my dear friend, our hands may be colder collection of that master extant in the now than then, I am sure our hearts are country.
hotter." With Wilson he lived in habits of great. Those early impressions, formed by intimacy, and it is no little praise to hiia gentleinanly habits and feeling, which that he carly discovered and advocated the are never to be eradicaled or mistaken, genius of that great man; he possessed à were very conspicuous in Mr. Sandby. prodigious number of the finest sketches There was a politeness and affability in and studies of Wilson, obtained from the his address, a sprightliness and vivacity artist himself. His love for the profes. in his conversation, together with a cona sion tempted him to collect, at a con. stant equanimity' of tenper, which. siderable expense; and, in the course of joined with his having been the friend a great number of years, he had accu- and companion of such mon as Foote, mulated an immense quantity of the Churchill, Garrick, Goldsmith, Macklin. works of various inasters, both ancient and others of the same class, rendered and modern,
bis society and conversation singularly No man communicated with greater animating and interesting. Arrivert at freedom, and with less reserve, than Mr. an age which few are permitted to allain, Sandby, any information he was possessed and spared almost all those infirmities of; though I am not aware that he ever which so generally accompany the accu. gave to the public any thing respecting mulated years of inan, his vigour of mind his art: but, it is certain, there were few abated not to the last. Till withiu a few persons more perfectly skilled in the the. days of his death, he continued to paint, ory and praciice of painting than hiin- and, daring fourteen days only preceding sell; and, as he never could be prevailed tha: event, he finished his largest work upon to take under his instruction any in oil, which possesses equal spirit and professional pupil but his son, it is to be truth, with any of his former productions presumed, that that gentleman is the in that way: when, ac the conclusion of repository of his discoveries and peculiar his eighty-fourth year, he left this world metbods of working in his art.
affectionately remembered and beloved In his domestic virtues he was excelled by all who knew him, dy few, and his private worth (the most :
· SCARCE TRACTS, WITH EXTRACTS AND ANALYSES OF
SCARCE BOOKS. It is proposed in future to devote a few Pages of the Afonthly Magazine to the · Insertion of such Source Tracts as are of an interesting Nature, with the l'se
of which we may be furoured by our Currespondents; and under the same Head to introdure also che Analyses of Scurce and Curious Books.
| That wretched parasite, Sir Roger L'Estrange, I do most humbly offer to your roral con.
published the following work to recommend sideration, not presuming in any sort, to himself to the office of Licenser of the Press,
concern your Majesty in the firmer. in which he was the creature of the courts
In this extract, is presenied to your
Majesties view; first, that spirit of hyof Charles Il. and James II. The pamph
pocrisie, scandal, malice, eriour, and illet is in every respect a great curiosity, jusion, that actuated the late rebellion. and, by shening the sentiments of his party Secondly. A manifestation of the same on this subject, it ought to put the friends spirit reigning still, and working, not only of liberty on their giard. A late vie by the same ineans, but in very many of zier doubtless had this publication be the same persons, and to the same ends; fore him, when, in the years 1793, 4, that is, there is a combination, and deand 5, he laid so many restrictions on the sign against your sacred life, and dignity, press. At that time it was contrived to which is carryed on by the same argi
register preeses, to compel printers 1o in ments, pretences, wages, and instruments, • dorse what they printed, and to pass some
that ruin'd your royal and blessed • Jaws which imposed on libellers, under
father. All which I think myself certain circumstances, the penalty of trans.
bound, not only in generals, to declare,
but, more particularly, to trace, and to ** portation. L'Estrange's work procured for its
discover to your Majesty, as a duty author, the appointment of licenser, and which I owe both to God and to my 'he played the sycophant till the revolu. sovereign. . tion. He wrote other works as contempt. The first part of the conspirator's work,
ible for their bad taste, as this is for its is to disaffect the people toward your principles.]
Majesties person and goverument; and
their next business is to encourage and Considerations and Proposals in Order to carry on those seditious inclinations into
The Regulation of the Press : together action.
with Diverse Instances of Treasonous , Touching the former; scarce any one a und Seditious Pamphlets, prooing regicide or traytor has been brought to
the necessity thereof. By Roger publique justice, since your Majesties · L'Estrange. London, printed by blessed return, whom either tlie pulpit A. C. June 3, M.Lc.lxiit.
hath not canonized for a sain, or the
press recommended for a patriot, and To the King': Alost Ercellent Majesty. martyr, (beside the arraignment of the SIR,
bench, for the very formalityes of their IT is not without some force upon my tryals) what is the intent, or what may be Iself, what I have resolved upon this the effect of suggesting to the people, dedication: for I have no ambition to that there is no justice to be found, either appear pragmatical, and to become the in your cause or in your courts; (both parque of a peevish faction : but, since which are struck at in the same blow) is my duty will have it thus, I shall accompt submitted bumbly to your royal wisdom, all other interests as nothing in compe. Nor is the faction less industrious to draw tition with my allegiance.
an odivim upon your Majesties person, If your Majesty shall rouchsafe to look and to perplex, seduce, and exasperate, so far, and so low, as into the ensuing the muliitude, in matters of religion, and treatise, you will find it, Sir, to be partly concerning the government of the church. A deliberative discourse ahout the menng T here have been printed, and re. of regulating the press ; (the matter being printed, since your Majesties happy reat this instant under publique debate) and stauration, not so few is a hundred scbisin part, an extract of certain treasonous matical pamphlets, against bishops, ce. and seditious passages and positions remonies, and cominon-prayer: in many which may serve to evince the necessity of which, your Majesty is directly, and of that regulation. The latter of which, in all of them implicitly, charg'd with an
inclination inclination to popery. The instruments libelling your sacred Majesty, and the that menage this part of the plot, are government, let but any paper be printed ejecied ministers, booksellers, and prine that touches upon the private benefit of ters: and, it is believed, by men of judge sone concerned officer; the author of ment, and experience, in the trade of that paper is sure to be retriv'd, and the press, that since the late Act for handled with sufficient severity. Uniformity, ihere have been printed near F inally; to present your Majesty with thirty thousand copies of Fareweil Ser- some common observations: it is noted, mon» (as they call thiein) in dehavice of first, as a very rare thing, for any pres. the law. All whicii, as they are now byterian pamphlet to be seiz'd, and supa drawn together into one bindmg, (to the pressed, unless by order frorn above, number of butwixt chaty and forty) and Secondly, lo is observed of those offenrepresented with figures, do certainly ders that are discovered, that generally make up one of the most audacious, and the rich have the furtune to come off,' dangerous litels, that hath been made and the poor to sutter: and, thirdly, that publique unier any governingut; and scarce olie of five, though under custody, they are now printing it in Dutch too, is ever brought to either of your Mafur the greater honour of the scandal, jesties principal secretaryes of state. By these arts and practices, the faction. I have now discharg'd my soul boch to works upon the passions and humours of God, and to your Majesty; in what I the common people; and, when they take to be an honest and a necessary . shall have put mischiet into their hearts, office; and I have done it with this their next business is to put swords in choice before me, either to suffer the their hands, and to engage them in a worst that malice or calumny can cast direct rebellion ; which inntent of theirs, upon me, or to forleit my duty. I should wgether with the means whereby they lot speak this but upon experience, nori hope to execute it, I shall bwinbly lay dare to mention it upon this occasion, belire your Majesty in a few words. but that I think it highly inports your
That they propise and labour another Majesty to know how dangerous a matter change appears, first, froin the recourse it is to render you a publique service.' they have in almost all their schismarıcal To present your Majesty wiih a fresh papers to the obligation of the covenant; instance :-I was lately engaged as a which is no other, than to conjure the commissioner, in a publique debate on people under the peyn of perjury, to the behalf of the loyal officers; and, for creat your Majesty as the covenanters no other crime, or provocations, but for did your father; and (in a fat contra asserting the profess'd desires of the diction to the blessed Apostle) 10 pro. whole party; a certain gentleman took: nounce, that hee that sobeyes shall re, such a heat and confidence, as openly to ceive to hinself dammation. A second charge me with writing against your Maprout of their designe may be drawn jesty; athirming witha!, that your Majesty from their still pleading the continuance had accused me for it to the parliament, of the long parliament; and the gove. and that my Lord Chanceilor would jusa reignty of the people; which is but in tilie it: since which rime, it appears, 1100 plain terms, to disclayme your authority. only that hee himsef was the first person, royal, and to declare to the world, that that by a private tale had endeavoured to they want nothing but another opporexasperate my Lord Chancellor against tunity for another rebellion. What may mee; but that, being called to account by: be the event of these libertyes, belongs my Lord's orcier, for 3.1 grcat, and so not to mee to divine ; but that such injurious a bulduess, both inwards your libertyes are taken, I do, with great re- Majesty, and bis lordship, he desired verence, presame to enform your Ma God to renounce 'him, if ever he spake jesty: and, further, I have the visible bold the words, (although delivered in the ness and malice of the faction, seems face of a lull committee.) If I were ime not to be the only danger; diverse of the pudent enough to trouble your Majesty very instruments, who are entrusted with with a personal character, his familiar the care of the press, being both privy discourses, both concerning your sacred and tacitly consenting to the corruptions Majesty and the honourable House or of it; by virtue of which connivence, Commons, would afford matter for it; many bundred thousands of sedilious but let God witness for me, that I have papers, since your Majestyes return, no passion, but for your Majesties serhave passed onpanisbed. And yet in vice, and for the genenl good of your this prodigious licence and security of loyal subjects: both which interests, I
de humbly conceive to be very much fine upon their heads for whom the concern'd in some provision, that men books were printed, will defray a con. may not suffer in their reputations forsiderable part of the aforesaid charge, doing their duties; and that those per. and what is wanting may be abundantly suns who have chear fully and honourably made up by the like course upon the passed through the utmost extreinities publishers of other sednious painphlets, of a long and barbarous warr, out of a keeping the same proportion betwixt the sence of loyalty to your royal father, profit and the punishment. may not now at last be stung to death. Of the Farewel-Sermons, I seiz'd the by the tongues of tale-bearers, and slano other day in quires, to the quantity of derers for being faithtul to your Majesty. Letwixt twenty and thirty ream of paper; Which is the case of many, more con- and I discovered likewise the supposed siderable than myself, and among the author of another pamphlet, entituled rest in particular of
[A Short Survey of the Grand Case of Your Majesties the Ministry, &c.) Wherein is main. Most loyal and obedient subject tain'd, in opposition to the declarations Roger L'ESTRANGE. required by the Act of Uniformity, that
in some cases it may be lawful to take 10 the Right Honourable the Lords and arms against the King. To take arms
to the Honourable the Commons us by the King's authority against bis per- sembled in Parliament.
son, or those commissioned by him, Having been lately einploy'd to draw And that the obligation of the covenant up some proposals touching the regu. is a knot cut by the sword of authority, Jation of the press, and to scarch for whilst it cannot be loosed by religious certain seditious books, and papers: I reason. Concerning which, and many think it agreeable both to my reason and other desperate libels, if your honours daty that I dedicate to your honours shall think fit to descend into any par. some accompt of my proceeding; espe- ticular enquiry, it may be made appear, ojally in this juncture, when both the lat whereas not one of twenty is now danger and the remedy are the subject taken, scarce one of a hundred could of your present care. The drift and ar- scape, if there were not connivence (at gument of this little treatise is express'd least, if not corruption) juyn'd to the in the title. One particular only was craft and wariness of the faction. forgotten in the body of the discourse, How the world will understand this which I must now crave leare to insert freedome and confidence in a private in my dedication; (i. e.) an additional 'person, I do not much concern my self; Expedient for the relief of necessitous (provided that I offend not authority) and supernumerary printers; many of but the question to me seems short and which would be well enough content to easy, Whether it be lawful, or not, for quit the trade, and betake themselves to any man that sees bis countrey in dans other enployments, upon condition to ger, to cry out Treason? And nothing be reimburst for their presses, letter, else hath extorted this singularity of and printing-materiais: and it is coin practice and address from puted ibat 40001, or thereabouts, would
Your honours! buy off their stock; for the raising of
Most dutiful servant, which sum, and so to be employ'd, there
ROGER L'ESTRANGE. occurs this expedient.
It is credibly reported, that there have considerations and Proposals in Order ta been printed at least ten or twelve in
the Regulation of the Press. pressions of a collection entituled, The · I think no man denyes the necessity First, Second, and Third, Voluine uf Fare. of suppressing licentious and unlawful vel-Serinous: (with the figures of the pamphlets, and of regulating the press; ejected ministers) which is no other, but in what manner and by what means than an arraignment of the law, and i this may be effected, that's the question. charge of persecution against the King, The two main-points are printing and and his Parliament.
pablishing. · Upon a supposition of twelve imprese. The instruments of setting the work sjons, (at a thousand a piece, which is afoot are these. The adviser, author, the lowest) the clear proht, beside the compiler, writer, correcter, and the percharge of paper and printing, comes to' sons for whoni, and by whom; that is, say, 83001. which sum, being impos'd as a the stationer (commonly), and the printer, To which may be added, the letter. by such person or persons, as shall be founders, and the smiths, and joyners, authoris'd, for that purpose; neither Ict shat work upon presses.
any joyner, carpenter, or smith, presume The usual agents for publishing are to work for or upon any printing press, the printers themselves, stichers, binders, without such allowance as aforesaid, acstationers, bawkers, mercury-women, cording to the direction of the late Act pedlers, ballad-singers, posts, carryers, for printing. hackney-coachnien, boat-men, and ma. Secondly, Let all such printers, letter. riners. Other instruments may be like- founders, joyners, carpenters, and siniths, wise employ'd, against whoin a general as shall hereafier be allow'd, as aforesaid, provision may be sufficient. Hiding and be respectively and severally interrogated concealing of unlawful buoks, is but in before their admittance, in order tù the order to publishing, and may be brought discovery of supernumerary printers and under the saine rule.
presses. That is; Touching the adviser, author, com- . 1. Let the priniers be questiun'd what piler, writer, and correcter, their prac- private presses they have at any time sices are hard to be retriy'd, unless the wrought upon for so many years last past, one discover the other.
and the time when, and for, and with . This discovery may be procur'd partly whom: and what other printers and by a penalty upon refusing to discover, presses they know of at present, beside and partly by a reward, to the disco- those of the present establishment. verer; but let both the penalty and the 3. Let the founders be also exainin'd, jeward be considerable and certain : what letter they have furnish'd since and let the obligation of discovery run such a tiine; when and for whom, and quite through, from the first mover of the what other printers, &c.-Ul súpra. mischief, to the last disperser of it. 3. Let the joyners, carpenters, and That is to say; if any unlawful book smiths, be question'd likewise what shall be found in the possession of any presses they have erected, or amended, of the agents, or instruments aforesaid, &c. when, and for whom? and what let the person in whose possession it is other presses, printers, &c.-as before. found, be reputed and punish'd as the . And if afier such examination it shall author of the said book, unless he pro- appear at any time within so many duce the person, or persons, from whom months, that any man has willully con. he receiv'd it; or else acquit himself by ceal'd or deny the truth, let him for. oath, that he knows neither directly nor feit his employment as a person not fit indirectly how it came into bis posses. to be trusted, and let the enformer be sion.
taken into his place if he be capable of it, · Concerning the confederacy of stą. and desire it; or else, let himn be rewarded tioners and printers, we shall speak some other way. The same course may anon: but the thing we are now upon be taken also concerning English printers is singly printing, and what necessarily and presses beyond the seas. Kelates to ir.
This may serve as to the discovery of One great evil is the multiplicity of private printers and presses already in private presses, and consequently of employment: now to prevent underprinters, who for want of publique and hand-dealing for the future, and to prowarrantable employment, are forc'd either vide against certain other abuses in such to play the knaves in corners or to want as are allow'd. Lread.
First; Let a special care be taken of The remedy is, to reduce all printers card-makers, leather.guilders, flock-workand presses that are now in employment, ers, and quoyf.drawers; either by exo to a limited number; and then to provide presly inhibiting their use of such presses, against private printing for the time to as may be apply'd to printing of books, come, which may be done by the ineans or by tying them up to the same termes following.
and conditions with printers; and let 110 First; The number of printers and other tradesman whatsoever presume to presses being resolved upon, let the num- make use of a printing-press, but upon ber of their journy-mer, and apprentices the same conditions, and under the same be likewise limited: and in like manner, penalties with printers. the number of master-founders, and of 2dly. Let no presse or printing-house their jonrny.men, and their apprentices; be erected or lett, and let no joyner, all which to be allow'd of, and approved carpenter, sınith, or ļetter-founder, work