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and to adopt his own language, he was considerable period there, under the * descended from ancestors illustrious tuition of the Rev. Arthur Kinsman. for their piety, benevolence, and erudio who formed his pupils on the system of tion." Dr. Richard Cumberland, colle Westminster, and was a Trinity College secrated bishop of Peterboroughi in 1691, man. This, worthy master first raised was his great grandfather. This learned the spirit of emulacion in bis bosom, by clergsunan is the author of a very adinin repriinanding biin for his ignorance and rable work, “ De Legibus Naturæ,” in inattention, in the presence of all the which he has bestowed much pains to boys; and his diligence being as usual fol. refute the doctrines of Hobbes. lle had lowed by success, success in its turn been a simple parish-priest in the town of encouraged him to fresh exertions. Afa Stamford, in Lincolnshire; and so little ter this, he rose rapidly to the head of was he disposed to intrigue for advance- his class, and never once lost that envied ment, that he received the first intelli- situation, although daily challenged by gence of his preferment by means of a those, who aspired to the chief place paragraph in the newspapers, at a period Bishop Warren, and Dr. Warren, his when he was sixty years of age, and in a brother, were two of the most forinidable disposition of mind that induced him ra. of his form-iellows. ther to shrink from, than to accept of, About this period, young Cumberland a mitre. He was at length induced to first displayed a practical taste for the episcopate by the persuasion of his friend, draina, by acting, the part of Juba. the celebrated Sir Orlando Bridgman: while the virtuous Marcia " towered but he afterwards resisted every otser of above her sex” in the person of a most a translation; and such was the virtuous ill-favoured wry-necked boy. Nearly at simplicity of his life, that on the settle the same time he began to form both his ment of his accounts, at the end of every ear and his taste for poetry, by reading, year, he distributed the surplus to the during every evening to his mother. poor, reserving only the small deposit of while at home, at the parsonage house of twenty-five pounds in cash, found at bis Stanwick, near Higham-Ferrars, in Nore death in his bureau, with directions to thamptonshire. Shakespeare, at this employ it for his funeral expences, a sum, period, was his favourite author, and he in his mode of calculation, fully sufficient soon after resolved to try his own to commit his body to the earth. Such strength in slight dramatic attempts. was the humility of this christian prelate, His first composition was a Cento, which and such his disinterested sentiments, he entitled, “Shakespeare in the Shades. as to the appropriation of his clerical and was produced when only twelve revenue!
years of age. Doctor Richard Bentley, the maternalAs his worthy old master at Bury grandfather of the subject of this memoir, school had intimated his purpose of ré was also a remarkable man, being the tiring, the elder Mr. Cumberland transfirst critic of his age, and not only the planted his son to Westminster, where he friend of Meade, Wallis, and Newton, was admitted under Dr. Nichols, and but celebrated by Swift in his " Battle of lodged in Ludford's boanting-house. On the Books," on account of his controver- reading a passage in Homer, and another sial intrepidity. Denison Cumberland, in Horace, he was immediately placed in the younger son of Archdeacon Cumber- the shell, which was no small' honour: Jand, was his father, and Joanna, the and among his contemporaries reckoned younger daughter of Dr. Bentley, and Cracherode, the learned collector, the the Phoebe of Byron's Pastoral, his mo- late Earls of Bristol and Buckinghamther. Their only son, Richard, was born shire; the Right lJonourable Thomas in the Master's Lodge of Trinity College, Harley, who sat on the same form; while Kjo ter sylvas Academi," under the roof of the Duke of Richinond, Warren llas. his grandfather Bentley, alluded to above, tings, Colinan and Lloyd, were in the in what is called the “Judge's Chamber.” under school, together with Hinchcliffe. During his infancy, he persisted in a Smith, and Vincent, who have succeeded stubborn repugnance to all instruction, in rotation as head masters. and remained for a long time in a state In the fourteenth year of his age, young of mutiny against the letters of the En- Cumberland left Westminster school and glish alphabet! When turned of six was admitted a member of Trinity Col. Vears of age, he was sent to the school of lege, Cambridge. His father accompaBury St. Ediounds, and remained for nied him thither, and placed him under
the care of the Rev. Dr. Morgan, an old studies for the remainder of the year, friend of the family, and a schior fellow which I informed him I would do." of that society.
; Mr. Cumberland accordingly kept his “ My rooms," says Mr. Cumberland, * word, and began a course of study so “ were closely adjoining to his, belonging apportioned, as to allow himself bui six to that stair-case which leads to the hours of sleep, living alınost entirely upon chapel bell; he was kind to me when we milk, and using the cold bath very fremet, but as a tutor I had few cominu. quently. At length he was appointed, nications with him, for the gout afforded “nothing loth," to keep an act, and hiin not many intervals of ease, and with having distinguished himself on this oc. the exception of a few trilling readings casion, immoderator concluded the day in Tully's Offices, by which I was little with a compliment to him. He soon edified, and to which I paid little or no after took his bachelor's degree, with attention, he left inc and one other pupil, great credit, and returned hoine to the my friend and intimate, Mr. William paternal mansion, to suffer for his severe Rudd, of Durham, to choose and puse studies, a fever having taken place in sue our studies as we saw fit. This de- consequence of intense applicativa. Jeliction of us was inexcusable; for Rudd On his recovery, our author made ao was a youth of fine taienes, and a well- excursion to the ciiv of York, and en. grounded scholar. In the course of no tered into a new scene of life; for we find long time, however, Dr. Morgan left him hunting in the mornings, dancing in college, and went to reside upon his the evenings, and reading nothing but living of Gainford, in the bishopric of Spenser's Fairy Queen. He appears, at Durham, and I was turned over to the this period, to have been much pleased Reverend Dr. Philip Young, professor of with some elegiac verses, written by oratory in the University, and afterwards Lady Susan Stewart, daughter of a late bishop of Norwich. What Morgan made Earlof Galloway,and, in return, composed a very light concern, Young made an soine poetry of his own, rather celebrated ahsolute sinecure, for from him I never for its piety than its point, of which we received a single lecture, and I hope his shall insert only the two first stanzas: lordship's conscience was not much dis " True! we must all be chang'd by death, turbed on my account, for though he Such is the form the dead must wear, gave me free leave to be idle, I did not And so, when beauty yields its breath, make idleness iny choice.
So shall the fairest face appear, "In the last year of my being an un- But let thy soul survey the grace, der-graduate, when I commenced Soph, That yet adorns its frail abode, in the very first act that was given out to And through the wondrous fabric trace be kept in the mathematical schools, I The hand of an unerring God." &c. was appointed to an opponency, when On his return to college, a fellowship at the same time I had not read a single,
not read a smgre presented itself to Mr. Cumberlaud's proposition in Euclid; I liad now been view: but he was suddenly called on to íunt turned over to Mr. Backhouse, the take a part in very different pursuits, Westininster tutor, who gave regular having been invited by Lord Halitas, lectures, and fulfilled the duties of his
S then one of the ministers, to assume the
han charge ably and conscientiously.
10situation of his private and conûdential
To. tally unprepared to answer the call now
secretary. Notwithstanding this, lie made upon me, and acquit myself in the
found means to make a sbort visit to his schools. I resorted to him in my distress, college, and was again admitted to its and through his interference my name bonours. was withdrawn from the act; in the mean . Meanwhile
nean Meanwhile, his father, who like him.
his fail time, I was sent for by the master, Dr. ,
Dr self, had been educated at Westminster Smith, the learned author of the wello:
• and Trinity College, Cainbridge, having known Treatises upon Optics and Har
exerted his patriotism in belialf of the monics, and the worthy successor to my House of Hanover, was also patronized grand-tather Bentley, who strongly re- by Lord Halifax, and at length obtained vrobated the neglect of my former tutors, the bishopric of Clonfert, in Ireland, and recommended me to lose no more whence he was afterwards translated to time in preparing myself for a degree, the
ree; the see of Kilmore. His son, who looked but to apply closely to my academical
up to the same source for protection,
visited their noble friend at Porton, ou * Memoirs, 4th edit. p. 69.
the demise of his lady, and having reo
mored to lodgings in Mount-street, al- of Nova Scotia, by means of Lord I. most entirely devoted himself to solitude he paid his addresses to Miss Ridge, . and study.
daughter of George Ridge, esq. of kile As the nature of Mr. Cumberland's miston, in the county of Kent, and a hall occupations, in his character of amanu- the unspeakable felicity to find them ao ensis to Lord Halifax, did not require cepted, and sanctioned by the consent the whole of his attention, he found of all parties concerned ; thus," added leisure to cultiva e an acquaintance with he, “I became possessed of one whom the celebrated Bubb Doddington, and the virtues of her heart, and the charing many other noted men of that day. In of her person, had effectually endeared a short time after this, in consequence of to me, and on the 19th of February, a dispute between his patron and the 1758, (being iny birthday), I was mar. primne niinister,(ihe Duke of Newcastle), ried by my father, in the Church of kil. our author found hinself in a very dis- miston, to Elizabeth, the only daugliter agreeable predicament, lustead of look- of George and Elizabeth Ridge." ing up with the well-founded hope of pre- In consequence of a change in the adferment, he was soon taught to perceive ministration, on the death of George II. that he was now no more than the ex. Lord Halifax again returned in power, secretary of an ex-staresman. This re- and was soon atter appointed to the high cess from business, enabled him to visit office of viceroy of Ireland. Our author Eastbury, a magnificent mansion apper- as well as his father, accompanied bin taining to the statesman now just alluded thither, and resided for some time in to, who there, as at his villa at Hammer- Dublin Castle, as Ulster Secretary. He smith, and his town-house in Pall Mall, at the same time, was entrusted with the was never approached by his admiring management of the lord lieutenant's priguests, but through a suite of fine aparte vite finances, which were in a very de ments; and they were rarely seated " but ranged state. under painted cielings, and gilt entabla. On the new king's accession, Mr. C. tures."
composer and published a prem addressed After obtaining a lay-fellowship at Tri- to the young sovereign, his present !14nity College, he composed his first dra. jesty, in blauk verse. Soon after this -matic poein, “ The Banishment of Ci. he retired from Ireland,' " perfectly cero," in five acts; but he himself can- clean-handed," without advancing his didly allows, that for a “hero," he was fortune a sin le shiiling, but froin the not happy in his choice of the Roman fair income of othce, and his disinterestorator. Anterior to this, he had written edness never having been betrayed to his “ Caractacus," and even in his boy- accept of any thing which delicacy could ish days he addressed “ Farewell lines possibly interpret as a gratuity. Ante. to Hammond." His first offering to the rior to his departure, he was offered the press, however, was in the shape of a rank of a baronet by his patron, which poem, entitled “ St. Mark's Eve," pub. he respectfully declined. On his return Jished by Dodsley, and from which nei- to England, he found a place of 2001. ther the author nor bookseller, appear to per annuni, his sole reward, afler eleven hare derived any profit.
years attendance, and Mrs. C.'s fortune He now got acquainted with Mr. of 30001. reduced to a very small balance, Charles Townshend, the celebrated wit, His situation however, was considerably for whom he solved an enigmatical ques- mencked by an office in the Board of tion, and reviewed and criticised an Trade, conferred by the late Earl of elaborate report, while one of the Lords Hillsborough. As his new employment of Trade. Mr. C. also made some consumed but liule of his time, he coin. translations in verse, from the Troades posed the “ Suinier's Tale,” which had of Seneca, and was introduced by Lord a run of nine or ten mights, and he sold Halifax to Garrick, who then resided the copy-right to Mr. Dodsley for a lie at Hampton; but he declined accepting beral reinuneration. of his “ Cicero," for the stage, and the He now relinquished what he is pleased author is candid enough to remark, to term “ his melodious nonsense," to " that when he published this play, he Bickerstaffe, the writer of popular apewas conscious that be published Mr. ras; and on the advice of Smith, the ada Garrick's justification for refusing it." tor, betook himself to legitimate comesty,
Mr. Cuinberland now began to think and brought out the “ Brothers," at Co-- of settling in life; and having obtained vent Garden Theatre. Some coinpli. the office of crown-agent for the province nientary lines in the epiloguc, introdiced
him once more to Garrick, and a lasting Abbé Hussey,* Chaplain to his Catholic friendship was thenceforth formed be. Majesty, accompanied by his wife and tu een them.
two daughters. Thence chey proceeded In the course of the ensuing year, Mr. to Aranjuez, where he was well received C. paid a visit to his father in Ireland, by the Spanish premier, and engaged and laid the plan of his “ West Indian." soon after in a negociation for a separate While resident there, he received the peace with the court of Madrid. This honorary grant of LL.D. from the Unj. project however, completely failed; and versity of Dublin. On his return, he' our author returned to England, where, entered the field of controversy, and vine instead of obtaining a suitable reward for dicated the insulted character of his his exertions, he found himself neglected grand-father Dr. 'Bentley, from “ an and we believe disavowed. offensive passage in a pamphlet written on the dissolution of the Board of Trade, by Bishop Luwth,. professedly against Mr. C. fixed himself at Tunbridge Wells, Warburton, acrimonious enough of all where his books and his pen became conscience, and unepiscopally jutempe. his best associates. There, among rate in the highest degree, even if his others, he cultivated an acquaintance Iordstip had not gone out of his course with the late Earl of Guilford, who had to burl this dirt upon the coffin of iny become old, infirm, and blind, and who ancestor.” He now got acquainted with in the decline of life appeared infinitely Goldsmith, Burke, Reynolds, Soame more happy, and more amiable, than Jenyns, and also with Dr. Samuel when directing the pointless efforts, and Johnson, whom he describes aptly lavishing the unavailing wealth, of Britain, enough:
against a continent inhabited by men,
who panted after, and at length acquired “ Herculean strength, and a stentorian voice,
The quondam premier
now listened with attention for the first In truth intrepid, in religion sound :
timne, to those complaints which he had A trembling form, and a distoried sight,
before spurned at; and the ex-diploma But firm in judgment, and in genius bright; tist began to entertain a respect for the In controversy seldom known to spare,
ex-statesman who had bereaved himself But humble as the Publican in prayer;
and family of their dearest hopes. He To more than merited his kindness, kind, also formed a strict friendship with his And though in manncrs harsh, of friendly then neighbour, Sir James Bland Bur. mind;
gess, in conjunction with whom he has Deep ting d with melancholy's blackest shade, since written many verses. From this And, though prepared to die, of death favourite spot he retired bowever for a afraid
while, and left a beloved residence, since Such Johnson was : of him with justice vain,
ng called Cumbertand House, by the pro. When will this națion see his like again ?"
prietor, in honour of him. It was nos Meanwhile Lord Germaine obtained his intention to pass the reinainder of the seals for the colonial department, his days at Ramsgate, where one of his and Mr. Cumberland, still a subaltern at daughters, who had been many years the Board of Trade, having accepted of married to Lord Edward Bentinck, the an invitation to Stoneland, was enabled uncle of the present Duke of Portland, by the friendship of the new minister to then dwelt. But he did not remain become secretary in the place of Mr. long there, for the memory of the Wells Pownall. His official tame seems to have was sull dear to him, and he accordingly been lost in the splendour of his literary returned thither, and occupied a small talents. Such indeed was the reputation house on Mount Sion, exactly opposite of the subject of this memoir, at the to his former mansion. He was now present period, that he was applied to once more in his proper element. Every by Dr. Dond, for a defence. This task spring brought down a number of the first however, was assigned to Dr. Samuel families in the kingdom, and, doring the Jolinson,while other pursuits now opened winter, he made occasional excursions to the view, and a diplomatic mission to town. His infuence, also, was dis. seemned to court the ambition of our au. sborHaving discovered in 1780, that
* Mr. Hussey, better known by the ap.
M there was a fair prospect of a secret ne- pellation of Dr. H. was an Irishman by birth, gociation with Count Florida Blanca, and afterwards obtained an episcopal mitre as then minister of Spain, he repaired to a titular Roman Catholic bishop, is partibus ibe neutral port of Lisbon, with the remot. Ed.
displayed and exerted in the election tance from his own beloved house, and of a master of the ceremonies, and he from Tunbridge Wells, a residence to was flattered by the choice of the vo- which he was so much and so long at lunteers, by whom he was chosen ma- tached, that Richard Cumberland rejor.commandant. In consequence of an signed his breath, at the house of Mr. accession to their numbers, he after. Henry Fry, in Bedford Place, Russel wards obtained a commission as lieute. Square, in the 80th year of his age, on nant-colonel, and the writer of this me the 7th of May, 1811. The author of moir has often seen him march a couple of this article, who had known him for some miles at their head, and give the word years, bebeld bis grave on the day of his of command with all the ardour of an ex- interment*, in Poets Corner, Westminá perienced veterani.
ster Abbey, with a considerable degree Nor were his literary pursuits entirely of emotion. A procession was formed forgotten, Mr. C. at an advanced peo on the occasion, and his mortal remains riod of life, could still occasionally.com, being deposited in a spot, nearly at an pose a jeu d'esprit, and he once more equal distance from Dryden and Addison, ventured even to write for the stage; Dr. Vincent, the Dean of Westminster, but we lament to observe, that none of and himself an author, pronounced the his latter performances evinced the spirit, following funeral discourse over the res or experienced the success of his West mains of his old schoolfellow : Indian. He also undertook a quarterly “The person you now seé deposited review, to which he prefixed a preface, here, is Richard Cumberland, an author and appended his name to this, as well of no small merit: his writings were as many of the leading articles; but this chiefly intended for the stage, but of a speculation also proved unfortunate. tendency strictly inoral; they were not « Memoirs of his own Life," however, destitute of faults, but cannot be charged were read with satisfaction, and circu. with grossness; nor did they abound with lated with a certain degree of avidity. oaths, or libidinous expressions, as I am Soon after their appearance, he confided shocked to observe is the case with inany the care of arranging his posthumous of such compositions of the present day. works to Messrs. Rogers* and Sharpe, He wrote as much as any; few excelled together with Sir James Bland Burgess. more ; and his works must be holden in
It is with sorrow we are obliged to the highest estimation so long as the remark, that Mr. Cumberland towards English language will be understood. the latter part of his life, experienced a He considered the theatre as a school variety of misfortunes. One of his grand- for moral improvement, and his remains sons, having at an early period of life are truly worthy of mingling with the il been sent to sea as a midshipman, had lustrious dead which surround us. received a corporeal punishment for “ Read his prose subjects on divinity! some trifling fault; this circumstance, there you will find the true christian spi. which we believe is unusual on the part rit of the man who trusted in our Jord of a midshipman, preyed on his mind, and saviour Jesus Christ; so may God more especially as the young inan died forgive him his sins, and at the resursoon after. He wrote for, and, we have rection of the just, receive him into everheare; obtained a court-martial for the lasting glory!" trial of the officer in question; but although Mr. Cumberland in person, appeared he was acquitted, yet the circumstances rather below the middle size, with a of the case rankled in his mind, and ren. countenance, from which the verrnidered him at times uneasy. His favourite lion flow of health was not banished daughter also was far from enjoying a until the last and most afflicting period good state of health, while her husband, of his existence. He usually dressed a foreign officer, who had served abroad in blue or black, was always neat: with credit, appeared to be afflicted with in his apparel, and when he so chose, a mortal distemper. His own affairs too, could he both pleasing and instructive in were far from being flourishing, and his his conversation. In respect to the Jate literary pursuits had not been ate world, he affected to possess a critical tended with that flattering success which knowledge of it, yet he, to adopt his he experienced during his earlier years. own language, It was in this situation, at some dise " In its fair promises reposed more trust 1
Than wises heads, and older hearts, would * Mr. R. is author of the “ Pleasures of
* May 14th. MONTHLY Mag, No. 214.